Article (Scientific journals)
Changes in Neighborhood-Level Socioeconomic Disadvantage and Older Americans’ Cognitive Functioning
Settels, Jason; Leist, Anja
2021In Health and Place
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Keywords :
cognitive decline; neighborhood; socioeconomic disadvantage; depression; close social network; physical activity
Abstract :
[en] Background: While associations of neighborhood conditions with cognitive functioning at older ages have been established, few studies have investigated with a dynamic perspective if changing neighborhood socioeconomic conditions affect older residents’ cognitive declines, and which putative factors mediate this relationship. Method: Using data from waves 2 (2010–2011) and 3 (2015–2016) of the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (NSHAP) survey (n = 1837), ordinary least squares regressions and mediation analyses were conducted, adjusting for multiple confounders and testing eight putative mediators. Results: Worsening neighborhood socioeconomic circumstances were associated with cognitive declines. Changes in depressive symptoms, sizes of close social networks, and physical activity substantially mediated this relationship. Discussion: While 18.10% of the total effect occurred through these mechanisms, further pathways may work through contextual- and individual-level variables not assessed in the NSHAP.
Research center :
- Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE) > PEARL Institute for Research on Socio-Economic Inequality (IRSEI)
Disciplines :
Sociology & social sciences
Author, co-author :
Settels, Jason  ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences (FHSE) > Department of Social Sciences (DSOC)
Leist, Anja  ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences (FHSE) > Department of Social Sciences (DSOC)
External co-authors :
no
Language :
English
Title :
Changes in Neighborhood-Level Socioeconomic Disadvantage and Older Americans’ Cognitive Functioning
Publication date :
2021
Journal title :
Health and Place
ISSN :
1353-8292
eISSN :
1873-2054
Publisher :
Elsevier, Oxford, Netherlands
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
European Projects :
H2020 - 803239 - CRISP - Cognitive Aging: From Educational Opportunities to Individual Risk Profiles
Funders :
CE - Commission Européenne [BE]
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since 22 January 2021

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