Reference : Presentations of groups acting discontinuously on direct products of hyperbolic spaces
Scientific journals : Article
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Mathematics
Presentations of groups acting discontinuously on direct products of hyperbolic spaces
Jespers, E. [> >]
Kiefer, Ann mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences (FHSE) > LUCET]
del Río, Á. [> >]
Mathematics of Computation
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
[en] Hilbert Modular Group ; Discontinuous Action on Direct Product of Hyperbolic 2-space ; Presentation, Fundamental Domain ; Group Rings ; Unit Group
[en] The problem of describing the group of units U(ZG) of the integral group ring ZG of a
finite group G has attracted a lot of attention and providing presentations for such groups
is a fundamental problem. Within the context of orders, a central problem is to describe a
presentation of the unit group of an order O in the simple epimorphic images A of the rational
group algebra QG. Making use of the presentation part of Poincaré’s Polyhedron Theorem,
Pita, del Río and Ruiz proposed such a method for a large family of finite groups G and
consequently Jespers, Pita, del Río, Ruiz and Zalesskii described the structure of U(ZG) for a
large family of finite groups G. In order to handle many more groups, one would like to extend
Poincaré’s Method to discontinuous subgroups of the group of isometries of a direct product of
hyperbolic spaces. If the algebra A has degree 2 then via the Galois embeddings of the centre
of the algebra A one considers the group of reduced norm one elements of the order O as such
a group and thus one would obtain a solution to the mentioned problem. This would provide
presentations of the unit group of orders in the simple components of degree 2 of QG and in
particular describe the unit group of ZG for every group G with irreducible character degrees
less than or equal to 2. The aim of this paper is to initiate this approach by executing this
method on the Hilbert modular group, i.e. the projective linear group of degree two over the
ring of integers in a real quadratic extension of the rationals. This group acts discontinuously
on a direct product of two hyperbolic spaces of dimension two. The fundamental domain
constructed is an analogue of the Ford domain of a Fuchsian or a Kleinian group.

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