Reference : App-Based Habit Building Reduces Motivational Impairments During Studying - An Event ...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Education & instruction
Educational Sciences
App-Based Habit Building Reduces Motivational Impairments During Studying - An Event Sampling Study
Stojanovic, Marco [Bielefeld Univ, Dept Psychol, Bielefeld, Germany.]
Grund, Axel mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Luxembourg Centre for Educational Testing (LUCET)]
Fries, Stefan [Bielefeld Univ, Dept Psychol, Bielefeld, Germany.]
Frontiers Media Sa
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
[en] habit formation ; motivational interference ; self-control ; learning ; app intervention ; event sampling
[en] In this app-based event sampling study, we observed the intentional formation of new study habits. A sample of 91 university students defined individual study habits and logged data over 6 weeks on motivational conflict, motivational interference (MI) and automaticity of behavior after each habit repetition using an app on their phone. The app was specifically created for this study and gave feedback on habit automaticity. A total of N = 2,574 habit repetitions have been generated and were analyzed using multilevel modeling. The results suggest that (1) app-based intentional habit building works, as automaticity of behavior could be predicted by habit repetition, (2) motivational impairments during studying can be reduced by building habits, as want conflicts and MI decreased with automaticity, and (3) trait self-control supports studying indirectly by fostering habit building rather than directly by suppressing impulses during the activity, as self-control predicted automaticity, but not motivational impairments during the habit execution. The effect of self-control on automaticity of the new study habit was fully mediated by the general automaticity of the students' other study habits (general study habit strength). This study showcases an app-guided genesis of new study habits and its beneficial motivational effects for learning behavior.
German Research Foundation (DFG)German Research Foundation (DFG) ; Bielefeld University
We acknowledge the financial support of the German Research Foundation (DFG) and the Open Access Publication Fund of Bielefeld University for the article processing charge.

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