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How Social Support and Self-Efficacy Moderate Effects of Significant Life Events on School Drop-Out in Young People
Burger, Kaspar; Samuel, Robin
20173rd International Conference on Transitions in Youth, Young Adulthood and Beyond
 

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Keywords :
Drop-Out; Self-Efficacy; Social Support; Significant Life Events
Abstract :
[en] Drivers of drop-out have been studied extensively over the past years. A number of studies suggest that self-efficacy and social support help reduce adverse effects of significant life events, such as trouble with family and friends, on drop-out intention but also on actual drop- out. However, over-all, evidence as to whether self-efficacy and social support influence drop-out intention and actual drop-out is mixed. We examined whether, and to what extent, perceived social support and general self-efficacy affect drop-out of adolescents in transition to young adulthood. We distinguished between baseline levels of social support and self-efficacy and (within-person) change in social support and self-efficacy in order to determine whether drop-out is sensitive to fluctuations in social support and self-efficacy when person-specific levels of social support and self-efficacy are taken into account. Estimating growth curve models on TREE data, a panel study on the life trajectories of compulsory-school leavers in Switzerland, we found that baseline levels of social support and self-efficacy, as well as within-person change in social support and self-efficacy, affected adolescents’ drop-out intention, but did not prevent actual drop-out. Moreover, our models show effects of a range of significant life events on drop-out intention and actual drop-out. These findings improve our understanding of the role that psychological and social factors play in shaping drop-out intentions and actual drop-out
Disciplines :
Sociology & social sciences
Author, co-author :
Burger, Kaspar  
Samuel, Robin  ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE)
External co-authors :
yes
Language :
English
Title :
How Social Support and Self-Efficacy Moderate Effects of Significant Life Events on School Drop-Out in Young People
Publication date :
2017
Event name :
3rd International Conference on Transitions in Youth, Young Adulthood and Beyond
Event date :
28 September 2017
Audience :
International
Available on ORBilu :
since 21 October 2017

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