Reference : Roles and Powers of National Data Protection Authorities Moving from Directive 95/46/...
Scientific journals : Article
Law, criminology & political science : European & international law
Law / European Law
Roles and Powers of National Data Protection Authorities Moving from Directive 95/46/EC to the GDPR: Stronger and More ‘European’ DPAs as Guardians of Consistency?
Giurgiu, Andra mailto [University of Luxembourg > Interdisciplinary Centre for Security, Reliability and Trust (SNT) > >]
Larsen, Tine mailto []
European Data Protection Law Review
342 - 352
[en] General Data Protection Regulation ; Data Protection Authorities ; Directive 95/46/EC
[en] Safeguarding the rights of the citizens to the protection of their personal data in an era of
nearly ubiquitous computing has become increasingly challenging. National data protection
authorities (DPAs), central actors in the data protection landscape, face a difficult task when fulfilling their missions and acting as guardians of these rights under the provisions of the outdated Directive 95/46/EC. Critical decisions of the Court of Justice of the European
Union illustrate the challenge of 'stretching' the provisions regarding the powers and competences of DPAs under the Directive to make them applicable to current data processing
realities. The article points out the existing problems under the current framework with regard
to powers and competence of DPAs and examines if and to what extent they are mended
by the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). It analyses substantive and procedural
aspects of the new cooperation model under the one-stop-shop and consistency mechanisms
and discusses whether and how these new tools successfully contribute to solve existing

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