Reference : Impact of transcranial direct current stimulation on attentional bias for threat: a p...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Treatment & clinical psychology
Impact of transcranial direct current stimulation on attentional bias for threat: a proof-of-concept study among individuals with social anxiety disorder.
Heeren, Alexandre [> >]
Billieux, Joël mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE)]
Philippot, Pierre [> >]
De Raedt, Rudi [> >]
Baeken, Chris [> >]
de Timary, Philippe [> >]
Maurage, Pierre [> >]
Vanderhasselt, Marie-Anne [> >]
Social cognitive and affective neuroscience
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
[en] attention bias modification ; attentional bias ; neuromodulation ; prefrontal cortex ; social anxiety disorder ; transcranial direct current stimulation
[en] Cognitive models posit that social anxiety disorder (SAD) is associated with and maintained by attentional bias (AB) for social threat. However, over the last years, it has been suggested that AB in SAD may result from a decreased activation of the left prefrontal cortex, and particularly of its dorsolateral part (dlPFC). Accordingly, a transient increase of neural activity within the left dlPFC via non-invasive brain stimulation decreases AB in non-anxious control participants. Yet, none of these studies focused on SAD. This is especially unfortunate as SAD constitutes the main target for which a genuine reduction of AB may be most appropriate. In this experiment, we sought to investigate the causal influence of left dlPFC neuromodulation on AB among 19 female individuals with a DSM-5 diagnosis of SAD. We adopted a double-blind within-subject protocol in which we delivered a single-session of anodal versus sham transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) over the left dlPFC during the completion of a probe discrimination task assessing AB. Consistent with our hypothesis, participants demonstrated a significant decrease in AB during the anodal tDCS over the left DLPFC relative to the sham stimulation. These findings value tDCS as an innovative procedure to gain new insight into the underlying mechanisms of SAD.
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