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13 February 2017
Article (Scientific journals)
Differential impairments across attentional networks in binge drinking.
Lannoy, Severine; Heeren, Alexandre; Moyaerts, Nathalie et al.
2017In Psychopharmacology, 234, p. 1059-1068
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Keywords :
Alcohol dependence; Alerting; Attentional abilities; Binge drinking; Executive control; Orienting
Abstract :
[en] RATIONALE: The cognitive deficits observed in young binge drinkers have been largely documented during the last decade. Yet, these earlier studies have mainly focused on high-level cognitive abilities (particularly memory and executive functions), and uncertainty thus still abounds regarding the integrity of less complex cognitive processes in binge drinking. This is particularly true for attentional abilities, which play a crucial role in behavior regulation and are impaired in other alcohol-related disorders. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: To specify the attentional deficits associated with binge drinking, two groups of university students (40 binge drinkers and 40 matched controls) performed the Attention Network Task, a theoretically grounded test assessing three independent attentional networks: alerting, orienting, and executive control. RESULTS: Binge drinkers displayed preserved orienting performance but impaired alerting and executive control. Binge drinking is thus not related to a general attentional impairment but rather to specific impairments of the alerting and executive control networks. CONCLUSIONS: These results underline that, beyond the already explored high-level deficits, binge drinking is also related to impairments for attentional abilities. In view of the role played by attentional impairments in alcohol dependence, the present data also suggest that rehabilitation programs should be developed to improve attentional abilities at the early stages of alcohol-related disorders.
Disciplines :
Treatment & clinical psychology
Author, co-author :
Lannoy, Severine
Heeren, Alexandre
Moyaerts, Nathalie
Bruneau, Nicolas
Evrard, Salome
Billieux, Joël ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE)
Maurage, Pierre
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Title :
Differential impairments across attentional networks in binge drinking.
Publication date :
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Publisher :
Springer, Germany
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Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi


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