Reference : Impulsivity traits and gambling cognitions associated with gambling preferences and c...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Treatment & clinical psychology
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/29807
Impulsivity traits and gambling cognitions associated with gambling preferences and clinical status
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Navas, J. F. [Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Granada, Granada, Spain, Mind, Brain, and Behavior Research Center (CIMCYC), University of Granada, Granada, Spain]
Billieux, Joël mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE)]
Perandrés-Gómez, A. [Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Granada, Granada, Spain, Mind, Brain, and Behavior Research Center (CIMCYC), University of Granada, Granada, Spain]
López-Torrecillas, F. [Mind, Brain, and Behavior Research Center (CIMCYC), University of Granada, Granada, Spain, Department of Personality, Assessment, and Psychological Treatment, University of Granada, Granada, Spain]
Cándido, A. [Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Granada, Granada, Spain, Mind, Brain, and Behavior Research Center (CIMCYC), University of Granada, Granada, Spain]
Perales, J. C. [Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Granada, Granada, Spain, Mind, Brain, and Behavior Research Center (CIMCYC), University of Granada, Granada, Spain]
2017
International Gambling Studies
Routledge
17
1
102-124
Yes
International
14459795
[en] Gambling disorder
[en] Impulsivity (and related traits reward/punishment sensitivity and tolerance to delayed rewards) and gambling cognitions have been linked to gambling. However, their independent associations with gambling preferences and clinical status have never been dissociated. The current study applied a data-driven strategy to identify gambling preferences, based on gambling frequency in several modalities. The two resulting factors were used to classify gambling disorder patients (GDPs) and non-problem recreational gamblers (RGs) into Type I (preferring cards, casino games and skill-based bets) and Type II (preferring slot machines, lotteries/pools and bingo). Participants were assessed in impulsivity, delay discounting, reward/punishment sensitivity, gambling-related cognitions, gambling severity, gambling frequency and average amount gambled per episode. GDPs scored higher than RGs in positive and negative urgency, delay discounting, reward sensitivity and intensity of gambling-related cognitions, but less in lack of perseverance. Additionally, Type II gamblers had greater difficulties delaying gratification, whereas Type I gamblers showed higher cognitive distortion and reward sensitivity levels. In practical terms, the finding that some characteristics are equally pervasive in disordered gamblers independently of their preferences (affect-driven impulsivity), whereas others (distorted cognitions, reward sensitivity, delay discounting) are more prominent in one type or the other, provides a basis to establish targets’ priority in therapy. © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/29807
10.1080/14459795.2016.1275739

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