Reference : Abstract and concrete repetitive thinking modes in alcohol-dependence.
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Treatment & clinical psychology
Abstract and concrete repetitive thinking modes in alcohol-dependence.
Grynberg, Delphine [> >]
de Timary, Philippe [> >]
Philippot, Pierre [> >]
D'Hondt, Fabien [> >]
Briane, Yasmine [> >]
Devynck, Faustine [> >]
Douilliez, Celine [> >]
Billieux, Joël mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE)]
Heeren, Alexandre [> >]
Maurage, Pierre [> >]
Journal of addictive diseases
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
[en] Alcohol-dependence ; abstract thinking mode ; cognitive bias ; concrete thinking mode ; repetitive thinking
[en] Emotional and interpersonal deficits play a crucial role in alcohol-related disorders as they predict alcohol consumption and relapse. Recent models of emotion regulation in psychopathology postulate that these deficits are centrally related to increased abstract/analytic repetitive thinking, combined with reduced concrete/experiential repetitive thinking. As this assumption has not been tested in addictions, this study aimed at investigating repetitive thinking modes in a large sample of alcohol-dependent individuals. One hundred recently detoxified alcohol-dependent individuals (29 females; mean age = 49.51-years-old) recruited during the 3rd week of their treatment in a detoxification center were compared to 100 healthy controls (29 females; mean age = 48.51-years-old) recruited in the experimenters' social network, matched at the group level for age, gender, and educational level. All participants completed the Mini Cambridge Exeter Repetitive Thought Scale measuring abstract/analytic and concrete/experiential repetitive thinking modes as well as complementary psychopathological measures (Beck Depression Inventory and State/Trait Anxiety Inventory). Alcohol-dependent individuals have similar levels of concrete repetitive thinking as controls but report significantly higher levels of abstract repetitive thinking (p < 0.001; d = 1.28). This effect remains significant after controlling for depression and anxiety. Relative to healthy controls, alcohol-dependent patients report more frequent use of abstract/analytic repetitive thinking, with preserved concrete/experiential thinking. Despite the cross-sectional nature of the study, the frequent use of abstract repetitive thinking thus appears to constitute a main feature of alcohol-dependence.

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