Article (Scientific journals)
Abstract and concrete repetitive thinking modes in alcohol-dependence.
Grynberg, Delphine; de Timary, Philippe; Philippot, Pierre et al.
2016In Journal of Addictive Diseases, 35 (4), p. 238-243
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Keywords :
Alcohol-dependence; abstract thinking mode; cognitive bias; concrete thinking mode; repetitive thinking
Abstract :
[en] Emotional and interpersonal deficits play a crucial role in alcohol-related disorders as they predict alcohol consumption and relapse. Recent models of emotion regulation in psychopathology postulate that these deficits are centrally related to increased abstract/analytic repetitive thinking, combined with reduced concrete/experiential repetitive thinking. As this assumption has not been tested in addictions, this study aimed at investigating repetitive thinking modes in a large sample of alcohol-dependent individuals. One hundred recently detoxified alcohol-dependent individuals (29 females; mean age = 49.51-years-old) recruited during the 3rd week of their treatment in a detoxification center were compared to 100 healthy controls (29 females; mean age = 48.51-years-old) recruited in the experimenters' social network, matched at the group level for age, gender, and educational level. All participants completed the Mini Cambridge Exeter Repetitive Thought Scale measuring abstract/analytic and concrete/experiential repetitive thinking modes as well as complementary psychopathological measures (Beck Depression Inventory and State/Trait Anxiety Inventory). Alcohol-dependent individuals have similar levels of concrete repetitive thinking as controls but report significantly higher levels of abstract repetitive thinking (p < 0.001; d = 1.28). This effect remains significant after controlling for depression and anxiety. Relative to healthy controls, alcohol-dependent patients report more frequent use of abstract/analytic repetitive thinking, with preserved concrete/experiential thinking. Despite the cross-sectional nature of the study, the frequent use of abstract repetitive thinking thus appears to constitute a main feature of alcohol-dependence.
Disciplines :
Treatment & clinical psychology
Author, co-author :
Grynberg, Delphine
de Timary, Philippe
Philippot, Pierre
D'Hondt, Fabien
Briane, Yasmine
Devynck, Faustine
Douilliez, Celine
Billieux, Joël ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE)
Heeren, Alexandre
Maurage, Pierre
External co-authors :
yes
Language :
English
Title :
Abstract and concrete repetitive thinking modes in alcohol-dependence.
Publication date :
2016
Journal title :
Journal of Addictive Diseases
ISSN :
1055-0887
Publisher :
The Haworth Medical Press, United States - New York
Volume :
35
Issue :
4
Pages :
238-243
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Available on ORBilu :
since 06 February 2017

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