Article (Scientific journals)
The welfare impact of global migration in OECD countries
BURZYNSKI, Michal; Docquier, Frederic; Aubry, Amandine
2016In Journal of International Economics, 101, p. 1-21
Peer reviewed


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Keywords :
Migration; Market size; Fiscal impact
Abstract :
[en] This paper quantifies the effect of global migration on the welfare of non-migrant OECD citizens. We develop an integrated, multi-country model that accounts for the interactions between the labor market, fiscal, and market size effects of migration, as well as for trade relations between countries. The model is calibrated to match the economic and demographic characteristics of the 34 OECD countries and the rest of the world, as well as trade flows between them in the year 2010. We show that recent migration flows have been beneficial for 69% of the non-migrant OECD population, and for 83% of non-migrant citizens of the 22 richest OECD countries. Winners are mainly residing in traditional immigration countries; their gains are substantial and are essentially due to the entry of immigrants from non-OECD countries. Although labor market and fiscal effects are non-negligible in some countries, the greatest source of gain comes from the market size effect, i.e. the change in the variety of goods available to consumers.
Research center :
Disciplines :
International economics
Author, co-author :
BURZYNSKI, Michal  ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Law, Economics and Finance (FDEF) > Center for Research in Economic Analysis (CREA)
Docquier, Frederic ;  Université Catholique de Louvain - UCL > IRES
Aubry, Amandine ;  OECD
 These authors have contributed equally to this work.
External co-authors :
Language :
Title :
The welfare impact of global migration in OECD countries
Publication date :
July 2016
Journal title :
Journal of International Economics
Publisher :
Elsevier Science
Volume :
Pages :
Peer reviewed :
Peer reviewed
Funders :
F.R.S.-FNRS - Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique [BE]
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since 30 September 2016


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