Reference : Super-Resolution Approaches for Depth Video Enhancement
Dissertations and theses : Doctoral thesis
Engineering, computing & technology : Computer science
Super-Resolution Approaches for Depth Video Enhancement
Al Ismaeil, Kassem mailto [University of Luxembourg > Interdisciplinary Centre for Security, Reliability and Trust (SNT) > >]
University of Luxembourg, ​Bertrange, ​​Luxembourg
Docteur en Informatique
Ottersten, Björn mailto
[en] Depth Data ; Super Resolutio ; Non-Rigid Deformations
[en] Sensing using 3D technologies has seen a revolution in the past years where cost-effective depth sensors are today part of accessible consumer electronics. Their ability in directly capturing depth videos in real-time has opened tremendous possibilities for multiple applications in computer vision. These sensors, however, have major shortcomings due to their high noise contamination, including missing and jagged measurements, and their low spatial resolutions. In order to extract detailed 3D features from this type of data, a dedicated data enhancement is required. We propose a generic depth multi-frame super-resolution framework that addresses the limitations of state-of-the-art depth enhancement approaches. The proposed framework does not need any additional hardware or coupling with di erent modalities. It is based on a new data model that uses densely upsampled low resolution observations. This results in a robust median initial estimation, further refined by a deblurring operation using a bilateral total variation as the regularization term. The upsampling operation ensures a systematic improvement in the registration accuracy. This is explored in different scenarios based on the motions involved in the depth video. For the general and most challenging case of objects deforming non-rigidly in full 3D, we propose a recursive dynamic multi-frame super-resolution algorithm where the relative local 3D motions between consecutive frames are directly accounted for. We rely on the assumption that these 3D motions can be decoupled into lateral motions and radial displacements. This allows to perform a simple local per-pixel tracking where both depth measurements and deformations are optimized. As compared to alternative approaches, the results show a clear improvement in reconstruction accuracy and in robustness to noise, to relative large non-rigid deformations, and to topological changes. Moreover, the proposed approach, implemented on a CPU, is shown to be computationally efficient and working in real-time.
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students
FnR ; FNR1204105 > Bjorn Ottersten > FAVE > Fusion Approaches for Visual systems Enhancement – security applications > 01/01/2012 > 31/12/2014 > 2011

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