Reference : Alcohol warning labels formulated as questions change alcohol-related outcome expecta...
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Public health, health care sciences & services
Alcohol warning labels formulated as questions change alcohol-related outcome expectancies: A pilot study
Krischler, Mireille mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Education, Culture, Cognition and Society (ECCS) >]
Glock, Sabine [> >]
Addiction Research and Theory
Informa Healthcare
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
[en] Alcohol consumption ; Outcome expectancies ; Warning labels
[en] Alcohol consumption is a leading risk factor for major diseases, particularly among young
adults who increasingly engage in binge drinking. Since positive outcome expectancies play a
pivotal role in alcohol consumption, we designed alcohol warning labels tailored toward young
adults’ outcome expectancies. The warnings were formulated as questions or as statements
that were accompanied by a picture. We implemented the warning labels on young adults’
favorite alcohol beverages (beer and alcopops) and presented them in the laboratory.
One-hundred twenty-two young adults participated in the study. One third of the sample
received the warning labels in question form, one third in statement form, and the final
third received no warning labels. We assessed general outcome expectancies, individual
outcome expectancies derived from a pre-study, and drinking intentions. The results of
this experiment revealed that warning labels presented as statements had no influence
on individual and general outcome expectancies and drinking intentions. Warnings posed in
the form of questions showed some effectiveness as they increased individual negative
outcome expectancy perception. Although only partially effective, the warning labels seem
promising for future research.
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students ; General public ; Others

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