Reference : Learning to fear obstructed breathing: Comparing interoceptive and exteroceptive cues
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Multidisciplinary, general & others
Learning to fear obstructed breathing: Comparing interoceptive and exteroceptive cues
Pappens, Meike []
Van den Bergh, Omer []
Vansteenwegen, Debora []
Ceunen, Erik mailto [Katholieke Universiteit Leuven - KUL > Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences > Research Group on Health Psychology]
De Peuter, Steven []
Van Diest, Ilse []
Biological Psychology
Elsevier Science
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
The Netherlands
[en] panic ; interoceptive fear ; dyspnea ; fear conditioning ; resistive load
[en] The present study investigated interoceptive fear conditioning (IFC) to an interoceptive and exteroceptive conditional stimulus (CS) with a severe respiratory load applied for 30 s as the unconditional stimulus (US). CSs were another, weak respiratory load in the intero-IFC study (N = 74), and a neutral picture in the extero-IFC study (N = 42). CSs preceded the US in the paired groups, whereas the unpaired groups received the same number of unpaired CSs and USs. We measured startle blink EMG, self-reported fear and respiration. In the intero-IFC study, the CS-load was associated with larger startle blinks and a smaller decrease in respiratory rate and tidal volume in the paired compared to the unpaired group. In the extero-IFC study, the CS-picture evoked an increase in tidal volume and self-reported fear only in the paired group. In addition, startle potentiation during the CS-picture was greater for the paired than for the unpaired group.
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students ; General public ; Others
The original publication is available at

File(s) associated to this reference

Fulltext file(s):

Limited access
fear obstructed breathing intero and extero.pdfPublisher postprint568.81 kBRequest a copy

Bookmark and Share SFX Query

All documents in ORBilu are protected by a user license.