Article (Scientific journals)
Executive and phonological processes in second language acquisition
Engel de Abreu, Pascale; Gathercole, S. E.
2012In Journal of Educational Psychology, 104 (4), p. 974-986
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Keywords :
working memory; executive processes; phonological short-term memory; phonological awareness; second language acquisition; multilingual education
Abstract :
[en] This paper reports a latent variable study exploring the specific links between executive processes of working memory, phonological short-term memory, phonological awareness, and proficiency in first (L1), second (L2), and third (L3) languages in 8- to 9-year-olds experiencing multilingual edu-cation. Children completed multiple L1-measures of complex span, verbal short-term storage, and phonological awareness, and tests of proficiency in a range of linguistic domains (vocabulary, grammar, and literacy) in Luxembourgish (L1), German (familiar L2) and French (unfamiliar L3). Results indicate that executive processing abilities, phonological short-term memory, and phono-logical awareness operate as distinct but related constructs that manifest differential associations with native and second language proficiency in multilingual children: Phonological short-term memory was uniquely linked to vocabulary in L1 and the structurally similar L2; executive pro-cesses were related to grammar across languages, reading comprehension, and spelling; and phono-logical awareness made specific contributions to word decoding, spelling, and language proficiency in the structurally dissimilar L3. Phonological processing abilities appear to be critical for acquiring the sound structure of a new language, whereas executive processes share more general links with higher-order linguistic abilities in second language learners.
Disciplines :
Theoretical & cognitive psychology
Identifiers :
UNILU:UL-ARTICLE-2012-719
Author, co-author :
Engel de Abreu, Pascale  ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Educational Measurement and Applied Cognitive Science (EMACS)
Gathercole, S. E.;  MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, UK
Language :
English
Title :
Executive and phonological processes in second language acquisition
Publication date :
2012
Journal title :
Journal of Educational Psychology
ISSN :
0022-0663
eISSN :
1939-2176
Publisher :
American Psychological Association, Washington, United States - District of Columbia
Volume :
104
Issue :
4
Pages :
974-986
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Funders :
FNR - Fonds National de la Recherche [LU]
Available on ORBilu :
since 22 May 2013

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