Profil

SCHAFER Valerie

University of Luxembourg > Luxembourg Centre for Contemporary and Digital History (C2DH) > Contemporary European History

ORCID
0000-0002-8204-1265
Main Referenced Co-authors
Musiani, Francesca (11)
Thierry, Benjamin (11)
CLAVERT, Frédéric  (10)
PAILLER, Fred  (10)
Brügger, Niels (9)
Main Referenced Keywords
history (42); histoire (38); web archives (36); web (23); Internet (21);
Main Referenced Unit & Research Centers
Luxembourg Centre for Contemporary and Digital History (C2DH) > Contemporary European History (EHI) (184)
Center for Digital History Aarhus (1)
Luxembourg Centre for Contemporary and Digital History (C2DH) > Digital Research Infrastructure (DRI) (1)
Luxembourg Centre for Contemporary and Digital History (C2DH) > Public History and Outreach (PHO) (1)
Main Referenced Disciplines
History (126)
Arts & humanities: Multidisciplinary, general & others (112)
Engineering, computing & technology: Multidisciplinary, general & others (2)
Art & art history (1)

Publications (total 240)

The most downloaded
2530 downloads
Schafer, V. (2007). Circuits virtuels et datagrammes : une concurrence à plusieurs échelles. Histoire, Economie et Société, 2, 29-48. https://hdl.handle.net/10993/35343

The most cited

12 citations (Scopus®)

Brügger, N., Goggin, G., Milligan, I., & Schafer, V. (2017). Introduction: Internet histories. Internet Histories: Digital Technology, Culture and Society, 1. doi:10.1080/24701475.2017.1317128 https://hdl.handle.net/10993/35199

SCHAFER, V. (25 April 2024). Put it Back! Archived Memes in Context [Paper presentation]. WAC24 (web archiving conference), Paris, France.
Peer reviewed

SCHAFER, V. (23 April 2024). Roundtable “Vernacular web, personal pages, online communities” [Paper presentation]. Early Scholars Spring School, Paris, France.

SCHAFER, V. (08 April 2024). The Computer Girls: Exploring Herstory [Paper presentation]. ETAPS 2024.

Abbate, J., Adair, C., Dame-Griff, A., Edwards, A., Fortunati, L., Larsen, D., Nooney, L., & SCHAFER, V. (2024). Researching gender in the history of the Internet and the Web. A roundtable at the SHOT 2023 conference. Internet Histories: Digital Technology, Culture and Society, 1-13. doi:10.1080/24701475.2024.2335023
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi

SCHAFER, V. (25 March 2024). Femmes, informatique et numérique : sources et histoire [Paper presentation]. Conférence professeur invité, Paris, France.

SCHAFER, V. (25 March 2024). Préserver et analyser la viralité en ligne [Paper presentation]. Cours à l'Ecole des Chartes (professeure invitée).

SCHAFER, V. (15 March 2024). Roundtable Navigating Paradoxes in Digital Humanities [Paper presentation]. Exploring Epistemic Virtues and Vices: Data, Infrastructures, and Episteme between Collaboration and Exploitation, Esch, Luxembourg.
Peer reviewed

SCHAFER, V. (01 February 2024). Panel on Software Source Code as part of Memory of the World [Paper presentation]. Software Heritage Symposium 2024, Paris, France.

Fay, A., Thièvre, J., & SCHAFER, V. (2024). Le temps des plateformes : enjeux, différences et complémentarité de l’archivage des médias sociaux numériques à la Bibliothèque nationale de France et à l’Institut national de l’audiovisuel. In Les nouveaux paradigmes de l'archive. Publications des Archives nationales. doi:10.4000/books.pan.7344
Peer reviewed

SCHAFER, V. (19 December 2023). Let's talk 100: AI for our future - Are we on the right track ? [Paper presentation]. Debate series Let’s Talk100: AI for our Future, Luxembourg, Luxembourg.

Pailler, F., & SCHAFER, V. (2023). Keep Calm and Stay Focused: Historicising and Intertwining Scales and Temporalities of Online Virality. In Zoomland (pp. 119-150). De Gruyter. doi:10.1515/9783111317779-006
Peer reviewed

Balbi, G., Haydari, N., SCHAFER, V., Schwarzenegger, C., & Hagedoorn, B. (09 December 2023). Media persistence: Theories, approaches, categorization. Studies in Communication Sciences, 23 (3). doi:10.24434/j.scoms.2023.03.4620
Peer reviewed

SCHAFER, V. (07 December 2023). Roundtable "Representations of AI: AI Branding, Memes & Narratives" [Paper presentation]. Seminar Digital Humanities Research Hub.

SCHAFER, V. (02 November 2023). Diving into Vernacular Digital Cultures [Paper presentation]. Seminar Dreams and Horizons: Digital Research in History.

SCHAFER, V. (28 October 2023). Creating a “Living Book about History” on Women, Gender and ICTs [Paper presentation]. SHOT conference.
Peer reviewed

SCHAFER, V., & Gebeil, S. (2023). Des archives du Web aux données. Balisages, (6). doi:10.35562/balisages.1066
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V. (21 September 2023). Don’t try to be original! Web archives as ‘reborn digital sources’ [Paper presentation]. 54th German Historians' Day, Leipzig, Germany.

SCHAFER, V. (2023). Communiquer la science en réseaux... de données. In Le Roux Muriel, Modalités de la communication scientifique et technique (HECPT, pp. 321-332). Peter Lang. doi:10.3726/b20559
Editorial reviewed

Schafer, V. (07 September 2023). What's digital about digital heritage ? [Paper presentation]. Defining Digitalities Workshop, online, Germany.

Schafer, V. (24 August 2023). Archiving the Web during unforeseen events (terrorist attacks, war...) [Paper presentation]. ECREA Communication History Section Workshop: ‘War, Communication, and Media Resilience in Europe’, Lund, Sweden.

Schafer, V. (24 August 2023). Roundtable "War, Communication and Media Resilience in Europe" [Paper presentation]. ECREA Communication History Section Workshop: ‘War, Communication, and Media Resilience in Europe’, Lund, Sweden.

Clavert, F., & Schafer, V. (06 July 2023). Applying distant reading to oral histories of the COVID crisis [Paper presentation]. International Oral History summer school, Luxembourg, Luxembourg.

Schafer, V. (July 2023). Arpenter et sillonner les archives du Web. Les cahiers de Framespa. e-storia, 42.
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V. (2023). Un passeur en contexte. In C&F Editions (collectif) (Ed.), Retour d'utopie. De l'influence du livre de Fred Turner. France: C&F editions.

Schafer, V., Ben-David, A., & Winters, J. (06 June 2023). Mentorship for early career scholars in web archive studies [Paper presentation]. RESAW 2023, Marseille, France.

Schafer, V. (11 May 2023). Surprising Sources [Paper presentation]. Surprising Sources. A "Tensions of Europe" (ToE) remote conference.

Schafer, V. (27 April 2023). Pourquoi les femmes ont quitté l'informatique et pourquoi ce n’est pas une fatalité… [Paper presentation]. International Girls in ICT Day, Luxembourg.

Fantin, E., Schafer, V., & Sécail, C. (Eds.). (2023). L'animal médiatique. Temps des Medias: Revue d'Histoire, (40).
Peer reviewed

Pailler, F., Faye, A., Aubry, S., Silvestre De Sacy, & Schafer, V. (05 April 2023). Harlem Shake à la BnF … À la recherche d’un phénomène viral dans les archives du Web [Paper presentation]. Colloque international Le Web: sources et archives, Villeneuve d'Ascq, France.

Schafer, V. (April 2023). Abstractions and Embodiments: New Histories of Computing and Society ed. by Janet Abbate and Stephanie Dick (review). Technology and Culture, 64 (2), 611-613. doi:10.1353/tech.2023.0082
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi

Schafer, V., Höfer, M. S., & Noguera, C. (Eds.). (2023). Women, Gender and Computing. Switzerland: infoclio. doi:10.13098/infoclio.ch-lb-0010

Schafer, V., & Pailler, F. (30 March 2023). Conference Virality, platforms and influence [Paper presentation]. Virality, platforms and influence, Belval, Luxembourg.

Schafer, V. (2023). Médias sociaux en politique [Paper presentation]. Table ronde Médias sociaux en politique, Luxembourg City, Luxembourg.

Niemeyer, K., & Schafer, V. (20 March 2023). Stocker par, dans et pour les médias [Paper presentation]. Atelier Images-Sons-Mémoires du Larhra.

Schafer, V. (13 March 2023). Continuer à faire réseau : le regard d’une chercheuse sur le projet Respadon (conclusion de la journée) [Paper presentation]. Faire réseau autour des archives du web : Perspectives du projet ResPaDon, Paris, France.

Schafer, V., Brügger, N., Goggin, G., & Milligan, I. (Eds.). (2023). Internet histories second early career researcher award. Internet Histories: Digital Technology, Culture and Society, 6 (4). doi:10.1080/24701475.2022.2146569
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi

Benhamou-Suesser, D., PAILLER, F., SCHAFER, V., Bendjaballah, S., & Garcia, G. (2023). Ouverture des données et archives du web : enjeux, pratiques et limites. Terrains et Travaux, 43.
Editorial reviewed

Clavert, F., & Schafer, V. (2022). Between marginal and mainstream. Communities and ecosystems at stake. Internet Histories: Digital Technology, Culture and Society. doi:10.1080/24701475.2022.2153399
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi

Schafer, V., & Thierry, B. (2022). French National Paths Within a Global Computing Market. In D. Van Lente (Ed.), Prophets of Computing: Visions of Society Transformed by Computing (pp. 169-200). ACM Books.
Peer reviewed

Pailler, F., & Schafer, V. (December 2022). « Never gonna give you up ». Historiciser la viralité numérique. Revue d'histoire culturelle du XVIIIe-XXIe siècles, 5. doi:10.56698/rhc.3314
Peer reviewed

Milligan, I., Brügger, N., Goggin, G., & Schafer, V. (Eds.). (2022). Internet histories second early career researcher award. Internet Histories: Digital Technology, Culture and Society.
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi

Schafer, V. (December 2022). Le CD-Rom, une histoire à graver. Temps des Medias: Revue d'Histoire, 39, 173-187.
Peer reviewed

Niemeyer, K., & Schafer, V. (Eds.). (December 2022). Stocker. Temps des Medias: Revue d'Histoire, 39.
Peer reviewed

Clavert, F., Schafer, V., & Mahroug, S. (2022). Préservation et distorsion : l’espace-temps des réseaux socio-numériques et du web archivé. Revue d'Histoire Culturelle, (5). doi:10.56698/rhc.2791
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V. (23 November 2022). Roundtable : (Digital) Cultural Heritage at risk. Lessons learned for future preservation strategies [Paper presentation]. Witnessing the Now, Luxembourg.

Pailler, F., & Schafer, V. (20 October 2022). “Small is impactful”. Memes and Politics [Paper presentation]. ECREA conference, Aarhus, Denmark.

Schafer, V. (20 October 2022). “Challenge accepted”. The many sources to catch the history of virality and memes [Paper presentation]. ECREA conference, Aarhus, Denmark.

Schafer, V. (20 October 2022). Special ECREA panel : Rethinking digital sources — making web archives useful for future scholars [Paper presentation]. ECREA conference, Aarhus, Denmark.

Schafer, V. (18 October 2022). Retrieve me if you can... Women and COVID through Web archives [Paper presentation]. WARCNET closing conference, Aarhus, Denmark.

Schafer, V. (18 October 2022). Let’s talk about web archiving … three institutions, many possibilities [Paper presentation]. WARCNet closing conference, Aarhus, Denmark.

Schafer, V. (2022). Les Influenceurs. Une plongée dans les pratiques et cultures numériques [Paper presentation]. Les Influenceurs. Une plongée dans les pratiques et cultures numériques.

Schafer, V. (06 October 2022). A discussion on international interdisciplinary collaborations. Working at the European level [Paper presentation]. GDR Internet et société, Paris, France.

Schafer, V. (13 September 2022). Combiner lecture proche et distante: l’exemple de la viralité en ligne [Paper presentation]. DIFEM 2022 - DOCTORIALES INTERNATIONALES FRANCOPHONES EN ÉTUDES DES MÉDIAS, Paris, France.

Schafer, V., & Pailler, F. (2022). Viralité. In J. Walter (Ed.), Publictionnaire. Dictionnaire encyclopédique et critique des publics. Metz, France: CREM, Université de Lorraine.
Peer reviewed

Brügger, N., & Schafer, V. (Other coll.). (17 August 2022). Public Engagement with Web Archives [Paper presentation]. Valerie SCHAFER, Berlin, Germany.

Schafer, V. (04 July 2022). Panels at "Rethinking and Rebuilding Grand Narratives in the History of Computing" [Paper presentation]. Conference Rethinking and Rebuilding: Grand Narratives in the History of Computing, Siegen, Germany.

Schafer, V. (July 2022). Compte-rendu de l'ouvrage: Fake News & viralité avant Internet. Les lapins du Père- Lachaise et autres légendes médiatiques. Temps des Medias: Revue d'Histoire, 38.

Schafer, V. (2022). Préserve-moi ! Des journaux intimes à ceux de confinement dans les archives du Web. Temps des Medias: Revue d'Histoire, 175-194.
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V. (29 June 2022). Web archives of the COVID-crisis : challenges related to short-term and long-term readability [Paper presentation]. The 10th Tensions of Europe Conference, Aarhus, Denmark.

Schafer, V., & Pailler, F. (22 June 2022). Keep calm and stay focused. Historicising and intertwining scales and temporalities of online virality [Paper presentation]. Zoomland workshop, Esch Belval, Luxembourg.

Schafer, V. (13 June 2022). Studying transnational events through web archives [Paper presentation]. London WARCnet conference, London, United Kingdom.

Clavert, F., & Schafer, V. (01 June 2022). Unlocking web archives through metadata, seed lists and derived data [Paper presentation]. DH benelux 2022, Esch, Luxembourg.

Clavert, F., & Schafer, V. (24 May 2022). “Use”: When personas become real users… [Paper presentation]. IIPC WAC 2022.

Schafer, V. (20 May 2022). Les archives du Web, des sources aux données [Paper presentation]. Humanistica 2022, Montréal, Canada.

Schafer, V., Joshgun, S., & Susan, A. (11 May 2022). Digging into web archives of the COVID crisis [Paper presentation]. Seminar of the University of California Web-Archiving group.

Schafer, V., & Pailler, F. (04 May 2022). Keep calm and carry on. Historicizing online virality [Paper presentation]. C2DH Research seminar.

Schafer, V. (21 April 2022). “Put it back”. Issues and challenges of historicising online virality [Paper presentation]. seminar series “Internet Histories”, Sweden.

Schafer, V. (08 April 2022). Historicising online virality [Paper presentation]. Workshop Europe and Media Virality.

Schafer, V. (2022). Digital Personal Memories: The Archiving of the Self and Public History. In S. Noiret, G. Zaagsma, ... M. Tebeau (Eds.), Handbook of Digital Public History (pp. 377-384). De Gruyter. doi:10.1515/9783110430295-033
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V. (31 March 2022). Web Archiving of crisis [Paper presentation]. Archives of Crisis and Conspiracy: The Digital Future, London, United Kingdom.

Schafer, V., & Henriot, C. (Eds.). (29 March 2022). Varia. Flux: Cahiers Scientifiques Internationaux Réseaux et Territoires, 127.
Peer reviewed

Pailler, F., & Schafer, V. (28 March 2022). That escalated quickly: ‘the many challenges of historicising online virality’ [Paper presentation]. Seminar Digital Humanities Research Hub, London, United Kingdom.

Schafer, V. (18 March 2022). Closing Keynote: Networks, governance and design. A journey through some historical case studies [Paper presentation]. Workshop Governance by infrastructure, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Schafer, V. (2022). AWAC2 — Analysing Web Archives of the COVID Crisis through the IIPC Novel Coronavirus dataset [Paper presentation]. Library as Laboratory: Applications of Web Archive Research with the Archives Unleashed Cohort Program, United States.

Schafer, V. (11 March 2022). Historiciser la viralité en ligne : les défis des archives [Paper presentation]. Séminaire HN & Archives, Nancy, France.

Schafer, V. (2022). DIGITAL HUMANITIES – A SCIENCE UNTO ITSELF? A CONVERSATION WITH VALÉRIE SCHAFER.

Schafer, V. (17 February 2022). The Memes Challenges. Virality, Mediatic Dimensions and Heritagization  [Paper presentation]. Seminar IMACTIS, Liège, Belgium.

Schafer, V., & Pailler, F. (03 February 2022). “Spread or die”. Online Virality as a Transmedia Phenomenon [Paper presentation]. ECREA Communication History Section's Workshop, Luxembourg.

Schafer, V. (03 December 2021). Web Materialities [Paper presentation]. Conference Digital Matters, Siegen, Germany.

Aasman, S., Bingham, N., Brügger, N., De Wild, K., Gebeil, S., & Schafer, V. (2021). Chicken and Egg: Reporting from a Datathon Exploring Datasets of the COVID-19 Special Collections. WARCnet.

Schafer, V. (26 November 2021). Comprendre les archives du Web. Un défi évolutif et permanent [Paper presentation]. Atelier 2 projet Respadon : « Comprendre les archives du web : enjeux méthodologiques de la production à l’accès aux corpus », Paris, France.

Clavert, F., & Schafer, V. (03 November 2021). From WG2 Datathon to AWAC2. Exploring IIPC special COVID collection thanks to the Archive Unleashed Project [Paper presentation]. WARCnet Conference.

Schafer, V. (03 November 2021). WARCnet WG2 activities: a report [Paper presentation]. WARCnet conference.

Schafer, V. (20 October 2021). The Past Web as Heritage: Practices, Challenges and Uses of Web Archives [Paper presentation]. "Cultural Heritage in the Digital Dimension", Russia.

Schafer, V. (06 October 2021). Six provocations for 6G [Paper presentation]. Swedish 6G workshop – 6G for society - Sustainability, Sweden.

Schafer, V. (2021). Larissa Zakharova, De Moscou aux terres les plus lointaines, Paris, Éditions de l'EHESS, 2020. Artefact.
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi

Schafer, V. (22 September 2021). Intertwining distant reading of web archives and oral histories of the COVID crisis [Paper presentation]. Workshop Interviewing in theory and in practice, Siegen, Germany.

Schafer, V. (16 September 2021). Web Archives of the COVID Crisis: Digital Voices, Preservation and Loss [Paper presentation]. Pandemic Grief (1): Grief in Public, Vulnerability, and the Political "We", Munich, Germany.

Schwarzenegger, C., Balbi, G. (Crit. Ed.), Ribeiro, N. (Crit. Ed.), & Schafer, V. (Crit. Ed.). (2021). Digital Roots. Historicizing Media and Communication Concepts of the Digital Age. In F. Musiani & V. Schafer, Chapter Global Governance (pp. 315). De Gruyter.
Peer reviewed

Balbi, G., Ribeiro, N., Schafer, V., & Schwarzegger, C. (Eds.). (2021). Digital Roots. Historicizing Media and Communication Concepts of the Digital Age. Berlin, Unknown/unspecified: De Gruyter.

Musiani, F., & Schafer, V. (2021). Global Governance. A Short History of Debates Born with the Telegraph and Popularized by the Internet. In F. Musiani & V. Schafer, Global Governance. A Short History of Debates Born with the Telegraph and Popularized by the Internet. De Gruyter.
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V. (2021). Internet : voyage au bout du réseau.

Musiani, F., & Schafer, V. (02 July 2021). Historicizing Media and Communication Concepts of the Digital Age: Global Governance [Paper presentation]. Tensions of Europe Digital Workshop Festival.

Schafer, V. (02 July 2021). Web archiving of the COVID crisis in Europe : Close reading's challenges [Paper presentation]. Tensions of Europe Digital Workshop Festival.

Els, B., Maurer, Y., & Schafer, V. (02 July 2021). Les archives du Web luxembourgeois. Histoire, enjeux et perspectives. Hemecht: Zeitschrift für Luxemburger Geschichte, 73, 183-204.
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi

Ribeiro, N., & Schafer, V. (July 2021). Digging into Digital Roots: introduction [Paper presentation]. IAMCR Nairobi 2021.

Schafer, V., Veraart, F. (Other coll.), & Niet, I. (Other coll.). (29 June 2021). Workshop : Data as a new resource? Similarities and differences of data vs. material resources [Paper presentation]. Tensions of Europe Digital Workshop Festival.

Schafer, V. (25 June 2021). Tatou pour un débat connecté [Paper presentation]. De l'administration des PTT aux entreprises La Poste et France Télécom : 30 ans d'une réforme emblématique.

Schafer, V. (17 June 2021). Roundtable on online virality at the 4th RESAW conference [Paper presentation]. 4th RESAW conference.

Schafer, V. (08 June 2021). International Round Table: “Different Cultures in Digital History” [Paper presentation]. International Round Table: “Different Cultures in Digital History”.

Schafer, V., & Clavert, F. (June 2021). 4rth RESAW conference [Paper presentation]. 4rth RESAW conference.

Schafer, V., & Winters, J. (26 May 2021). The Web Archives Long View [Paper presentation]. UCLDH 2020-21 seminar series “The Digital Humanities Long View”.

Schafer, V. (17 May 2021). Table ronde : comment faire réseau autour des archives du web ? [Paper presentation]. Faire réseau autour des archives du web, usages et opportunités : journée de lancement du projet ResPaDon.

Schafer, V., & Winters, J. (2021). The values of web archives. International Journal of Digital Humanities.
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V. (2021). X25, une norme pour le transport de données.

Schafer, V. (20 April 2021). Studying transnational events through web archives [Paper presentation]. WARCnet meeting.

Schafer, V. (08 March 2021). Women and ICT: A Time Travel [Paper presentation]. Women in Computing.

Schafer, V. (04 March 2021). Global Governance. A Short History of Debates Born with the Telegraph [Paper presentation]. Histories of Digital Concepts, Lund, Sweden.

Schafer, V., & Henriot, C. (Eds.). (March 2021). Varia. Flux: Cahiers Scientifiques Internationaux Réseaux et Territoires, 123.
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V., & Wieneke, L. (24 February 2021). Innovative Models of Governance [Paper presentation]. The Future of Scholarly Communication (OPERAS-P Workshop).

Schafer, V. (18 February 2021). Reusing oral histories: challenges, issues, limits [Paper presentation]. Workshop (Medien-)Historische Forschung im Lockdown.

Schafer, V. (2021). Le développement du numérique nous rend-il de plus en plus proches ? [Paper presentation]. La nuit des idées, Hungary.

Schafer, V. (2021). Jérôme Denis, Le Travail invisible des données. Éléments pour une sociologie des infrastructures scripturales Paris, Presses des Mines, 2018, 206 pages. Questions de Communication, 38.
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V. (2021). Florence Descamps, Archiver la mémoire. De l’histoire orale au patrimoine immatériel Paris, Éd. de l'EHESS, 2019, 241 pages. Questions de Communication, 38.
Peer reviewed

Krakovsky, C., Seethaler, J., Schwarzenegger, C., Schafer, V., & Balbi, G. (Eds.). (2021). Jeopardizing Democracy throughout History. Medien & zeit.
Peer reviewed

Cauvin, T., Konstantinou, K., Boccalatte, P., Chaudhur, D., Povroznik, N., Quoc-Tan, T., Yuta, H., Makoto, G., Akihiro, K., Berta, E., Ferloni, J., Camarda, A., Malone, L., Brosseau, C., Lemay-Perreault, R., Maximova, A., Redgate, I., Dolgoy, R., Ayukawa, C., ... Morse, C. (Other coll.). (15 December 2020). Making History Together: Public Participation in Museums [Paper presentation]. Making History together: Public Participation in Museums, Online, Luxembourg.

Schafer, V. (December 2020). Sous les pavés, l’archive ! Luttes sociales et archives du Web. Temps des Medias: Revue d'Histoire, 35, 121-138.
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V. (2020). From Print to Digital, from Document to Data: Digitalisation at the Publications Office of the European Union. Open Information Science, (4), 204-217. doi:10.1515/opis-2020-0015
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi

Schafer, V. (18 November 2020). From the history of Internet to Internet and Web histories [Paper presentation]. History Colloquium.

Schafer, V. (04 November 2020). Analysing transnational Events through Web archives [Paper presentation]. WARCnet meeting, Luxembourg.

Schafer, V. (2020). ARPANET, toute une histoire. 1024 : Bulletin de la Société Informatique de France, (30).
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V. (23 October 2020). Les héritages des débuts d’Internet et du Web [Paper presentation]. Séminaire Histoire et pluralité des perspectives - technicalités, Canada.

Bouillard, M., van Weyenbergh, G., Schafer, V., & Wieneke, L. (08 September 2020). Networked Governance and Multistakeholder Cooperation [Paper presentation]. OPERAS Workshop: Knowledge infrastructures and digital governance. History, challenges, practices.

Schafer, V., & Bahers, J.-B. (Ed.). (September 2020). Varia. Flux: Cahiers Scientifiques Internationaux Réseaux et Territoires, 121.
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V., & Els, B. (2020). Exploring special web archives collections related to COVID-19: The case of BnL. Aarhus, Denmark: Aarhus University.

Brügger, N., Schafer, V., & Winters, J. (2020). Perspectives on web archive studies: Taking stock, new ideas, next steps. Aarhus, Denmark: Aarhus University.

Barats, C., Schafer, V., & Fickers, A. (27 August 2020). Fading Away... The challenge of sustainability in digital studies. Digital Humanities Quarterly, 14 (3).
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi

Schafer, V., Thièvre, J., & Banckemane, B. (2020). Exploring special web archives collections related to COVID-19: The case of INA.

Brügger, N., Schafer, V., Geeraert, F., Isbergue, N., & Chambers, S. (July 2020). Exploring the 20-year evolution of a research community: web-archives as essential sources for historical research. Cahiers de la Documentation, 2, 62-72.

Van Weyenbergh, G., Bouillard, M., Wieneke, L., Schafer, V., & Paulin, A. (12 June 2020). Networked Governance, Enabling Multistakeholder Cooperation [Paper presentation]. DGO20. 21st Annual International Conference on Digital Government Research.

Schafer, V., Brugger, N., Goggin, G., & Milligan, I. (Eds.). (2020). Internet histories early career researcher award. Internet Histories: Digital Technology, Culture and Society, (3).
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi

Schafer, V. (June 2020). Global technologies, glocal approach: a false paradox. Esboços: Histórias em Contextos Globais, 27 (45), 286-305. doi:10.5007/2175-7976.2020.e70598
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi

Schafer, V. (2020). The ITU Facing the Emergence of the Internet, 1960s–Early 2000s. In A. Fickers & G. Balbi (Eds.), History of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) (pp. 321-344). De Gruyter. doi:10.1515/9783110669701-014
Peer reviewed

Brügger, N., Goggin, G., Milligan, I., & Schafer, V. (2020). Internet histories early career researcher award. Internet Histories: Digital Technology, Culture and Society. doi:10.1080/24701475.2020.1778309
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi

Schafer, V. (05 May 2020). Contextualising and engaging with Web domains [Paper presentation]. WARCnet Kickoff meeting.

Schafer, V. (05 May 2020). Studying Events: Feedback on a Pedagogical Experiment [Paper presentation]. WARCnet Kickoff Meeting.

Schafer, V. (2020). Naissance et extension du réseau Internet. Labex EHNE.

Schafer, V. (2020). Transcript Interview UniLux 01 (H2020 OPERAS-P).

Schafer, V., Fickers, A., Howarth, D., Musiani, F., Winseck, D., & Pohle, J. (2020). “The internet and the European market” from a multidisciplinary perspective: a “round-doc” discussion. Internet Histories: Digital Technology, Culture and Society, (2). doi:10.1080/24701475.2020.1739360
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi

Schafer, V. (March 2020). Cybermenaces, enjeux et sécurité : entretien avec Stéphane Bortzmeyer et Mohsen Souissi (Afnic). Flux: Cahiers Scientifiques Internationaux Réseaux et Territoires, 2019/4, 59-68.
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V. (March 2020). A la recherche du Web perdu. Patrimoine Industriel, 73, p. 80-81.

Schafer, V., & Fickers, A. (Eds.). (2020). The Internet and the EU Market from a historical perspective. Internet Histories: Digital Technology, Culture and Society, (2). doi:10.1080/24701475.2020.1749808
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi

Schafer, V., & Thierry, B. (Ed.). (March 2020). Les réseaux en péril : destructions, subversions et sabotages (XIXe-XXIe siècles). Flux: Cahiers Scientifiques Internationaux Réseaux et Territoires, 2019/4 (4).
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V. (07 February 2020). Archivage et patrimoine nativement numérique [Paper presentation]. CYCLE DE CONFÉRENCES 2019 – 2020 « LES LIBERTÉS NUMÉRIQUES », Paris, France.

Schafer, V. (Other coll.). (29 January 2020). The Internet and the EU Market from a historical perspective [Paper presentation]. Conference The Internet and the EU Market, Esch-Belval, Luxembourg.

Schafer, V. (27 January 2020). De quoi l’histoire du Web fait-elle l’histoire ? [Paper presentation]. séminaire du CIS, Paris, France.

Schafer, V. (23 January 2020). L'archive sera médiée ou ne sera pas [Paper presentation]. Defis de l'archive, Paris, France.

Schafer, V. (2020). Computers and Computing in Society. NTM. doi:10.1007/s00048-019-00238-3
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V. (2019). A quoi rêvent les hommes? Les imaginaires du Minitel [Paper presentation]. Exploration numérique des archives de l'INA, Paris, France.

Schafer, V. (29 October 2019). ARPANET en contexte [Paper presentation]. 50 ans d'Internet, Paris, France.

Schafer, V. (26 October 2019). Facing parallel inventions: the French telecommunications strategies in the digital field (mid-1950s to mid-1990s) [Paper presentation]. SHOT annual meeting, Milan, Italy.

Schafer, V. (18 October 2019). Roundtable on uses of Web archives and concluding remarks [Paper presentation]. Saving the Web. The promise of a Belgian Web Archive, Brussels, Belgium.

Schafer, V. (03 October 2019). Archives du Web, "la cathédrale et le bazar" [Paper presentation]. Diffuser les donénes numériques en SHS: le droit et l'éthique comme alliés, Aix-en-Provence, France.

Schafer, V. (11 July 2019). Le millefeuille temporel des archives du Web [Paper presentation]. SÉMINAIRE "LES DONNÉES À MILLE TEMPS", Lyon, France.

Schafer, V. (Other coll.). (04 July 2019). Innovation et coopération dans les réseaux de données (années 1970-1990) [Paper presentation]. Logos 2019: Innovation et coopération, Esch Belval, Luxembourg.

Schafer, V. (27 June 2019). Opening Remarks / Chair / Program Chair [Paper presentation]. 9th Tensions of Europe Conference.

Schafer, V. (26 June 2019). History of networks: evolution, issues, challenges [Paper presentation]. ToE young researchers summer school.

Schafer, V. (19 June 2019). Analysing and reconstructing the Internet and Web of the 1990s. A round table [Paper presentation]. RESAW Conference The Web that was, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Schafer, V. (06 June 2019). Exploring the French Web of the 90s [Paper presentation]. IIPC Web Archiving Conference 2019, Zagreb, Croatia.

Schafer, V. (2019). The History of the Internet and of the Web.

Schafer, V., Blandin, C., & Robinet, F. (Eds.). (2019). Penser l'histoire des Médias. Paris, France: CNRS Editions.

Schafer, V. (2019). Naviguer dans la Toile du passé. In S. Lamassé & G. Bonnot (Eds.), Dans les dédales du Web. Historiens en territoires numériques (pp. 33-46). Paris, France: Editions de la Sorbonne.
Peer reviewed

Clavert, F., & Schafer, V. (2019). Chercher sur, autour et avec le numérique. In C. Blandin, F. Robinet, ... V. Schafer (Eds.), Penser l'histoire des médias (pp. 233-242). Paris, France: CNRS Editions.

Schafer, V. (23 April 2019). Histoire des réseaux: enjeux, évolutions et perspectives [Paper presentation]. Séminaire Histoire et Philosophie de l’Informatique et du Calcul (HEPIC).

Schafer, V. (14 April 2019). Le Web des années 1990: entre données et reconstructions [Paper presentation]. Séminaire 2018/2019 : « Histoire et humanités numériques : que faire des archives à l'ère numérique ?.

Schafer, V. (03 April 2019). Searching bodies through born-digital heritage: issues and challenges [Paper presentation]. ERC BodyCapital Spring school 2019, Strasbourg, France.

Schafer, V., Truc, G., Badouard, R., Castex, L., & Musiani, F. (2019). Paris and Nice terrorist attacks: Exploring Twitter and web archives. Media, War and Conflict, 1-18. doi:10.1177/1750635219839382
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi

Schafer, V. (2019). Exploring the "French Web" of the 1990s. In N. Brügger & D. Laursen (Ed.), The Historical Web and Digital Humanities: The Case of National Web Domains. Routledge. doi:10.4324/9781315231662-10
Peer reviewed

Dablanc, L., & Schafer, V. (April 2019). Edito Varia. Flux: Cahiers Scientifiques Internationaux Réseaux et Territoires, 115 (1), 82.
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V. (2019). Femmes et informatique de la seconde guerre mondiale aux années 1980 [Paper presentation]. Computer Grrrls. Histoire·s, genre·s, technologie·s, Paris, France.

Schafer, V. (2019). Du papier aux données [Paper presentation]. 50 ans de l'office des publications de l'union européenne, Luxembourg, Luxembourg.

Paloque-Bergès, C., & Schafer, V. (Eds.). (March 2019). Arpanet (1969-2019). Internet Histories: Digital Technology, Culture and Society, 3 (1). doi:10.1080/24701475.2018.1560921
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi

Schafer, V. (February 2019). De la Wayback Machine à la bibliothèque : les différentes saveurs des archives du Web … La gazette des archives, 253 (1).
Peer reviewed

Clavert, F., & Schafer, V. (February 2019). Les humanités numériques, un enjeu historique. Quaderni, 98.
Peer reviewed

Musiani, F., Paloque-Bergès, C., Schafer, V., & Thierry, B. (2019). Qu'est-ce qu'une archive du Web? Marseille, France: OpenEdition Press.

Schafer, V. (25 January 2019). Archives du Web : entre capture et insaisissable [Paper presentation]. séminaire du Céditec, Créteil, France.

Schafer, V. (2019). Du grand secret à la "défaite de l'Internet". Histoire et Informatique, 20, 23-40.
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V., Cooper, S., & Paloque-Bergès, C. (2019). Back to the roots of ARPANET and Internet history with Alexandre Serres. Internet Histories: Digital Technology, Culture and Society. doi:10.1080/24701475.2018.1560680
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi

Paloque-Bergès, C., & Schafer, V. (January 2019). Arpanet (1969-2019). Internet Histories: Digital Technology, Culture and Society, 3 (1), 1-14. doi:10.1080/24701475.2018.1560921
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi

Schafer, V., & Thierry, B. (Eds.). (30 December 2018). The 90s as a turning decade for Internet and the Web. Internet Histories: Digital Technology, Culture and Society, 2 (3/4). doi:10.1080/24701475.2018.1521060
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi

Schafer, V. (20 December 2018). Histoire de la gouvernance d'Internet [Paper presentation]. Gouvernances du numérique, table ronde des Annales des Mines, Paris, France.

Schafer, V. (04 December 2018). Archives du Web, « le dur » à l’épreuve de la durée [Paper presentation]. Humanités et numérique : Vers plus de confiance dans la production du discours scientifique, Vanves, France.

Schafer, V., & Paloque-Bergès, C. (2018). French memories about the ARPANET: a conversation with Michel Élie and Gérard Le Lann. Internet Histories: Digital Technology, Culture and Society. doi:10.1080/24701475.2018.1536934
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi

Musiani, F., & Schafer, V. (2018). Science and Technology Studies Approaches to Web History. In N. Brügger & I. Milligan (Eds.), The SAGE Handbook of Web History FIRST EDITION. SAGE Publications Ltd.
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V. (2018). En construction. La fabrique française d'Internet et du Web dans les années 1990. Bry-sur-Marne, France: INA Editions.

Schafer, V., & Thierry, B. (2018). Web History in Context. In N. Brügger & I. Milligan (Eds.), The SAGE Handbook of Web History FIRST EDITION. SAGE Publications Ltd.
Peer reviewed

Musiani, F., & Schafer, V. (2018). La gouvernance, un enjeu transversal d’Internet au numérique. Enjeux numériques, (4).
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V. (December 2018). Les réseaux sociaux numériques d’avant … Temps des Medias: Revue d'Histoire, 31.
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V. (09 November 2018). Penser les politiques d'archivage du Web [Paper presentation]. workshop Archives du Web, Telecom Paris Tech, France.

Schafer, V. (07 November 2018). À la recherche du Web perdu … [Paper presentation]. séminaire HSHI.

Schafer, V., & Fickers, A. (26 October 2018). Sustainability: problematizing fragility and ephemerality in digital research - Workshop [Paper presentation]. Digital Hermeneutics in History: Theory and Practice, Esch, Luxembourg.

Schafer, V. (2018). Interfacing counterculture and digital cultures: an interview with Geert Lovink. Internet Histories: Digital Technology, Culture and Society. doi:10.1080/24701475.2018.1526525
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi

Schafer, V. (10 October 2018). Does Born-Digital Heritage turn Historians into Digital Historians? [Paper presentation]. SHOT Conference, St Louis, United States.

Schafer, V., & Dablanc, L. (Eds.). (October 2018). Varia. Flux: Cahiers Scientifiques Internationaux Réseaux et Territoires, 113 (3), 121.
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V., Clavert, F., & Grandjean, M. (12 September 2018). Social media analysis [Paper presentation]. Social media analysis.

Schafer, V. (September 2018). Le patrimoine nativement numérique des attentats en Europe : regards croisés. Gazette des Archives, 250 (2), 115-130.
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V. (23 August 2018). When the exception becomes the rule … When the margins become the center … [Paper presentation]. Media history from the margins, Monteverita, Switzerland.

Schafer, V. (June 2018). Digital Social Networks of the Past: Issues, Limits and Challenges [Paper presentation]. DH Benelux 2018, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Schafer, V. (10 April 2018). La place du « numérique » dans l’histoire du numérique [Paper presentation]. Histoire, sociologie, géographie… les SHS étudient le numérique, Marseille, France.

Brügger, N., Goggin, G., Milligan, I., & Schafer, V. (Eds.). (2018). Internet Histories. United Kingdom: Routledge.

Schafer, V. (15 March 2018). Histoire des réseaux: enjeux, évolutions et perspectives [Paper presentation]. Séminaire Histoire et Philosophie de l’informatique et du calcul, Lille, France.

Schafer, V. (March 2018). Le numérique, un enjeu de communication. Hermès: Cognition, Communication, Politique, 80, 122-126. doi:10.3917/herm.080.0122
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V. (Ed.). (2018). Temps et temporalités du Web. Nanterre, France: Presses de Nanterre.

Schafer, V. (2018). Les archives du Web, entre science et artisanat. In S. Lécossais & N. Quemener (Ed.), En quête d'archives. Bricolages méthodologiques en terrains médiatiques (INA, pp. 51-57). Bry-sur-Marne, France: INA.
Peer reviewed

Musiani, F., & Schafer, V. (2017). Digital Heritage and Heritagization. Recherches en Sciences Sociales sur Internet, 6.
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V., & Thierry, B. (2017). La coévolution de l’informatique et de son histoire . Interfaces Numériques, 6 (3).
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi

Schafer, V. (2017). From far away to a click away : the French State and public services in the 1990s. In N. Brügger & R. Schroeder (Eds.), The Web as History (pp. 117-133). London, United Kingdom: UCL Press.
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V., & Serres, A. (Eds.). (2017). HISTORIES OF THE INTERNET AND THE WEB. Infoclio.

Musiani, F., & Schafer, V. (2017). Les archives du Web : gouvernance et identités. La Gazette des archives, 245, 203-215. doi:10.3406/gazar.2017.5527
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V. (2017). Les cybercafés dans la France des années 1990, espaces médiatiques et médiatisés. Temps des Medias: Revue d'Histoire, 28, 159-172. doi:10.3917/tdm.028.0159
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V. (2017). Tell us about. Internet Histories: Digital Technology, Culture and Society, 1, 188-196. doi:10.1080/24701475.2017.1301132
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi

Brügger, N., Goggin, G., Milligan, I., & Schafer, V. (2017). Introduction: Internet histories. Internet Histories: Digital Technology, Culture and Society, 1. doi:10.1080/24701475.2017.1317128
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi

Schafer, V., Musiani, F., & Borelli, M. (2016). Negotiating the Web of the Past. French Journal for Media Research.
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi

Schafer, V., & Thierry, B. (2016). The “Web of pros” in the 1990s: The professional acclimation of the World Wide Web in France. New Media and Society, 18 (7), 1143-1158. doi:10.1177/1461444816643792
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi

Schafer, V., & Thierry, B. (04 March 2015). L’ogre et la toile. Le rendez-vous de l’histoire et des archives du web. Socio: La Nouvelle Revue des Sciences Sociales, 4, 75-96.
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V., & Thierry, B. (Eds.). (2015). Connecting Women. Women, Gender and ICT in Europe (Nineteenth-Twentieth Century). London, United Kingdom: Springer.

Barbe, L., Merzeau, L., & Schafer, V. (Eds.). (2015). Wikipédia, objet scientifique non identifié, Nanterre, Presses Universitaires de Paris Ouest. Nanterre, France: PUPO.

Paloque-Berges, C., & Schafer, V. (2015). Quand la communication devient patrimoine. Hermès: Cognition, Communication, Politique, 71. doi:10.3917/herm.071.0255
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V. (2015). Nos lignes de fractures numériques : un air de déjà-vu. Hermès: Cognition, Communication, Politique, 73. doi:10.3917/herm.073.0216
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V. (2015). Part of a Whole : RENATER, a 20-year-old Network within the Internet. Information & Culture: A Journal of History, 50 (2), 217-235.
Peer reviewed

Badouard, R., & Schafer, V. (2014). Internet : A Political Issue for Europe (1970s – 2010s). In J. Bishop, Transforming Politics and Policy in the Digital Age (pp. 69-84). Hershey, United States: IGI Global. doi:10.4018/978-1-4666-6038-0.ch006
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V. (2014). Serge Abiteboul, au cœur des données. Technique et Science Informatiques.
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V. (2014). La place du ‘national’ dans le déploiement de l’Internet : une construction entre local et global. In A. Cattaruzza & D. Danet, La Cyberdéfense. Quel territoire, quel droit ? (pp. 34-45). France: Economica.
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V. (Ed.). (2014). Information et communication scientifiques à l’heure du numérique. Paris, France: CNRS Editions.

Schafer, V., & Tuy, B. (2013). Dans les coulisses de l’Internet. RENATER, 20 ans de technologie, d’enseignement et de recherche. Paris, France: Armand Colin.

Schafer, V. (2013). Le Mundaneum, un patrimoine inclassable. Hermès: Cognition, Communication, Politique, 66, 155-160.
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V. (September 2012). De Cyclades à Renater. Des réseaux de données pour la recherche et l’enseignement (années 1970-1990). Histoire de la recherche contemporaine, 1 (2), 180-187.
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V., & Thierry, B. (2012). Des chercheurs en informatique dans les années 1970, entre neutralité et militantisme, utopies et pragmatisme. In F. Blum, Des radios de lutte à Internet. Militantismes médiatiques et numériques (pp. 209-226). Paris, France: Publication de la Sorbonne.
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V. (2012). Internet et avant ? In E. Le Tonturier (Ed.), Les réseaux (pp. 73-84). CNRS Editions.
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V., Thierry, B., & Couillard, N. (2012). Les musées, acteurs sur le Web. La lettre de l'OCIM.
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V. (2012). La France en réseaux (années 1960-1980). (Cigref). Paris, France: Nuvis.

Schafer, V., & Thierry, B. G. (2012). Le Minitel. L'enfance numérique de la France. Paris, France: Nuvis.

Schafer, V., & Le Crosnier, H. (2012). Internet et le Web: l’illusion du social, la fin de l’idéal égalitaire? Terminal: Technologie de l'Information, Culture, Société, 111, 15-26.
Peer reviewed

Griset, P., & Schafer, V. (2012). ‘Make the pig fly !’ : l’Inria, ses chercheurs et Internet des années 1970 aux années 1990. Temps des Medias: Revue d'Histoire, (18), 41-53.
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V., & Le Crosnier, H. (2011). La neutralité de l’internet, un enjeu de communication. Paris, France: CNRS Editions.

Musiani, F., & Schafer, V. (2011). « Le modèle Internet en question (années 1970-2010) ». Flux: Cahiers Scientifiques Internationaux Réseaux et Territoires, 3, 62-71. doi:10.3917/flux.085.0062
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V. (2009). L’Europe des réseaux dans les années 1970, entre coopérations et rivalités. Interstices.
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V. (2007). Des réseaux et des hommes. Les réseaux à commutation de paquets, un enjeu pour le monde des télécommunications et de l'informatique français [Doctoral thesis, Paris Sorbonne]. ORBilu-University of Luxembourg. https://orbilu.uni.lu/handle/10993/42454

Schafer, V. (2007). Circuits virtuels et datagrammes : une concurrence à plusieurs échelles. Histoire, Economie et Société, 2, 29-48.
Peer reviewed

Schafer, V. (2005). Évolution du nombre d'accès directs commerciaux à Transpac (1979 - 1985). Flux: Cahiers Scientifiques Internationaux Réseaux et Territoires, 4 (62), 75-80.
Peer reviewed

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