Article (Scientific journals)
Waiting as probation: selecting self-disciplining asylum seekers
Vianelli, Lorenzo; Gill, Nick; Hoellerer, Nicole
2022In Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 48 (5), p. 1013-1032
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi


Full Text
Waiting as probation. Selecting self-disciplining asylum seekers. Vianelli, Gill, Hoellerer.pdf
Publisher postprint (2.15 MB)

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

All documents in ORBilu are protected by a user license.

Send to


Keywords :
Governmentality; Waiting; Asylum adjudication; Refugee integration; Humanitarian protection; Asylum seekers
Abstract :
[en] This article diagnoses and critiques a type of governmentality associated with waiting during protracted asylum appeal procedures by drawing upon data from a multi-methodological study of asylum adjudication in Europe. Focusing on Austria, Germany and Italy, we explore the use of integration-related considerations in asylum appeal processes by looking at the ways in which these considerations permeate judges’ decision-making, particularly, but not exclusively, on the granting of national, non-EU harmonised protection statuses. Building on insights from the literature on conditional integration we question the implicit sociopolitical biases and moral assumptions that underpin this permeation. We show that the use of integration-related considerations in asylum appeals transforms migrant waiting into a period of probation during which rejected asylum seekers’ conducts are governed and tested in relation to the use of time. More than simply waiting patiently, rejected asylum seekers are expected to wait productively, whereby productivity is assessed through the neoliberal imperatives of entrepreneurship, autonomy and selfimprovement. We thus contribute to scholarship on migrant waiting by showing how time is capitalised by state authorities even when – and actually because – it offers opportunities for migrants.
Disciplines :
Human geography & demography
Sociology & social sciences
Author, co-author :
Vianelli, Lorenzo ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences (FHSE) > Department of Geography and Spatial Planning (DGEO)
Gill, Nick;  University of Exeter > College of Life and Environmental Sciences > Department of Geography
Hoellerer, Nicole;  University of Exeter > College of Life and Environmental Sciences > Department of Geography
External co-authors :
Language :
Title :
Waiting as probation: selecting self-disciplining asylum seekers
Publication date :
Journal title :
Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Publisher :
Carfax Publishing, United Kingdom
Volume :
Issue :
Pages :
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Focus Area :
Migration and Inclusive Societies
European Projects :
H2020 - 677917 - ASYFAIR - Fair and Consistent Border Controls? A Critical, Multi-methodological and Interdisciplinary Study of Asylum Adjudication in Europe
Name of the research project :
Funders :
CER - Conseil Européen de la Recherche [BE]
CE - Commission Européenne [BE]
Available on ORBilu :
since 09 August 2021


Number of views
130 (6 by Unilu)
Number of downloads
45 (3 by Unilu)

Scopus citations®
Scopus citations®
without self-citations
WoS citations


Similar publications

Contact ORBilu