Reference : Perceptual relearning of binocular fusion after hypoxic brain damage: Four controlled...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Treatment & clinical psychology
Perceptual relearning of binocular fusion after hypoxic brain damage: Four controlled single-case treatment studies
Schaadt, Anna-Katharina []
Schmidt, Lena []
Kuhn, Caroline []
Summ, Miriam []
Adams, Michaela []
Müller, Ruta mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE) >]
Leonhardt, Eva []
Reinhart, Stefan []
Kerkhoff, Georg []
American Psychological Association
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
[en] Binocular Vision ; Convergent Fusion ; Hypoxia ; Rehabilitation ; Diplopia
[en] OBJECTIVE: Hypoxic brain damage is characterized by widespread, diffuse-disseminated brain lesions, which may cause severe disturbances in binocular vision, leading to diplopia and loss of stereopsis, for which no evaluated treatment is currently available. The study evaluated the effects of a novel binocular vision treatment designed to improve binocular fusion and stereopsis as well as to reduce diplopia in patients with cerebral hypoxia. METHOD: Four patients with severely reduced convergent fusion, stereopsis, and reading duration due to hypoxic brain damage were treated in a single-subject baseline design, with three baseline assessments before treatment to control for spontaneous recovery (pretherapy), an assessment immediately after a treatment period of 6 weeks (posttherapy), and two follow-up tests 3 and 6 months after treatment to assess stability of improvements. Patients received a novel fusion and dichoptic training using 3 different devices designed to slowly increase fusional and disparity angle. RESULTS: After the treatment, all 4 patients improved significantly in binocular fusion, subjective reading duration until diplopia emerged, and 2 of 4 patients improved significantly in local stereopsis. No significant changes were observed during the pretherapy baseline period and the follow-up period, thus ruling out spontaneous recovery and demonstrating long-term stability of treatment effects. CONCLUSIONS: This proof-of-principle study indicates a substantial treatment-induced plasticity after hypoxia in the relearning of binocular vision and offers a viable treatment option. Moreover, it provides new hope and direction for the development of effective rehabilitation strategies to treat neurovisual deficits resulting from hypoxic brain damage.

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