Article (Scientific journals)
Electrophysiological correlates of emotional crossmodal processing in binge drinking.
Lannoy, Severine; D'Hondt, Fabien; Dormal, Valerie et al.
2018In Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience, 18 (6), p. 1076-1088
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Keywords :
Alcohol-use disorders; Binge drinking; Cross-modality; Emotion; Event-related potentials
Abstract :
[en] Emotional crossmodal integration (i.e., multisensorial decoding of emotions) is a crucial process that ensures adaptive social behaviors and responses to the environment. Recent evidence suggests that in binge drinking-an excessive alcohol consumption pattern associated with psychological and cerebral deficits-crossmodal integration is preserved at the behavioral level. Although some studies have suggested brain modifications during affective processing in binge drinking, nothing is known about the cerebral correlates of crossmodal integration. In the current study, we asked 53 university students (17 binge drinkers, 17 moderate drinkers, 19 nondrinkers) to perform an emotional crossmodal task while their behavioral and neurophysiological responses were recorded. Participants had to identify happiness and anger in three conditions (unimodal, crossmodal congruent, crossmodal incongruent) and two modalities (face and/or voice). Binge drinkers did not significantly differ from moderate drinkers and nondrinkers at the behavioral level. However, widespread cerebral modifications were found at perceptual (N100) and mainly at decisional (P3b) stages in binge drinkers, indexed by slower brain processing and stronger activity. These cerebral modifications were mostly related to anger processing and crossmodal integration. This study highlights higher electrophysiological activity in the absence of behavioral deficits, which could index a potential compensation process in binge drinkers. In line with results found in severe alcohol-use disorders, these electrophysiological findings show modified anger processing, which might have a deleterious impact on social functioning. Moreover, this study suggests impaired crossmodal integration at early stages of alcohol-related disorders.
Disciplines :
Neurosciences & behavior
Author, co-author :
Lannoy, Severine
D'Hondt, Fabien
Dormal, Valerie
Blanco, Marine
Brion, Melanie
Billieux, Joël ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE)
Campanella, Salvatore
Maurage, Pierre
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Title :
Electrophysiological correlates of emotional crossmodal processing in binge drinking.
Publication date :
Journal title :
Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience
Publisher :
Psychonomic Society, United States - Texas
Volume :
Issue :
Pages :
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
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since 13 August 2018


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