Article (Scientific journals)
How unemployment scarring affects skilled young workers: evidence from a factorial survey of Swiss recruiters
Shi, Lulu P.; Imdorf, Christian; Samuel, Robin et al.
2018In Journal for Labour Market Research, 52 (7)
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Keywords :
Unemployment; Hiring; Skills; Young People
Abstract :
[en] We ask how employers contribute to unemployment scarring in the recruitment process in the German-speaking part of Switzerland. By drawing on recruitment theories, we aim to better understand how recruiters assess different patterns of unemployment in a job candidate’s CV and how this affects the chances of young applicants being considered for a vacancy. We argue that in contexts with tight school-work linkage and highly standardised Vocational Education and Training (VET) systems, the detrimental effect of early unemployment depends on how well the applicant’s profile matches the requirements of the advertised position. To test this assumption, we surveyed Swiss recruiters who were seeking to fill positions during the time of data collection. We employed a factorial survey experiment that tested how the (un)employment trajectories in hypothetical young job applicants’ CVs affected their chances of being considered for a real vacancy. Our results show that unemployment decreases the perceived suitability of an applicant for a specific job, which implies there is a scarring effect of unemployment that increases with the duration of being unemployed. But we also found that these effects are moderated by how well the applicant’s profile matches the job’s requirements. Overall, the worse the match between applicant’s profile and the job profile, the smaller are the scarring effects of unemployment. In sum, our findings contribute to the literature by revealing considerable heterogeneity in the scarring effects of unemployment. Our findings further suggest that the scarring effects of unemployment need to be studied with regard to country-specific institutional settings, the applicants’ previous education and employment experiences, and the job characteristics.
Disciplines :
Sociology & social sciences
Author, co-author :
Shi, Lulu P.
Imdorf, Christian
Samuel, Robin  ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE)
Sacchi, Stefan
External co-authors :
yes
Language :
English
Title :
How unemployment scarring affects skilled young workers: evidence from a factorial survey of Swiss recruiters
Publication date :
29 June 2018
Journal title :
Journal for Labour Market Research
ISSN :
1867-8343
Publisher :
Springer, Stuttgart, Germany
Volume :
52
Issue :
7
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
European Projects :
H2020 - 649395 - NEGOTIATE - Negotiating early job-insecurity and labour market exclusion in Europe
Funders :
CE - Commission Européenne [BE]
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since 23 May 2018

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