Reference : Electrophysiological correlates of problematic Internet use: Critical review and pers...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Treatment & clinical psychology
Electrophysiological correlates of problematic Internet use: Critical review and perspectives for future research.
D'Hondt, Fabien [> >]
Billieux, Joël mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE)]
Maurage, Pierre [> >]
Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
United States
[en] Brain/physiology ; Electroencephalography/methods ; Electrophysiological Phenomena/physiology ; Emotions/physiology ; Humans ; Neuropsychological Tests ; Research ; Dual-process models ; Electroencephalography ; Emotion ; Error monitoring ; Event-related potential ; Inhibition ; Problematic Internet use
[en] Problematic behaviors have emerged with the exponential development of the Internet access, with some individuals failing to constrain their Internet use despite its negative impact on their daily lives. Recent neuropsychological and neuroscience studies have suggested that problematic Internet use is notably associated with increased cue-reactivity and reduced inhibitory control. This review of the electroencephalography (EEG) literature shows that most studies have found that impaired self-control abilities (i.e., inhibition and error monitoring) are associated with underactivated frontal regions in problematic Internet users (PIUs). However, some EEG studies in the domain have also demonstrated alterations in the processing of Internet-related cues and emotional stimuli. As a whole, these data therefore suggest that both reflective (top-down) and automatic/affective (bottom-up) systems, postulated by dual-process models as being determinants in decision making, are impaired among PIUs. On this basis, new research avenues are proposed to better understand the development and maintenance of problematic Internet use, according to six main directions respectively related to (1) the identification of vulnerability biomarkers, (2) the investigation of possible lower level cognitive impairments, (3) the exploration of core reflective and automatic/affective symptoms, (4) the evaluation of Internet use heterogeneity and comorbidities, (5) the development of new neuroscience strategies and (6) the elaboration of behavioral and cognitive interventions.
Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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