Article (Scientific journals)
Serum sphingolipids level as a novel potential marker for early detection of human myocardial ischaemic injury.
Egom, Emmanuel E.; Mamas, Mamas A.; Chacko, Sanoj et al.
2013In Frontiers in Physiology, 4, p. 130
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Keywords :
ischaemia; sphingolipids; sphingosine 1-phosphate
Abstract :
[en] Background: Ventricular tachyarrhythmias are the most common and often the first manifestation of coronary heart disease and lead to sudden cardiac death (SCD). Early detection/identification of acute myocardial ischaemic injury at risk for malignant ventricular arrhythmias in patients remains an unmet medical need. In the present study, we examined the sphingolipids level after transient cardiac ischaemia following temporary coronary artery occlusion during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients and determined the role of sphingolipids level as a novel marker for early detection of human myocardial ischaemic injury. Methods and Results: Venous samples were collected from either the coronary sinus (n = 7) or femoral vein (n = 24) from 31 patients aged 40-73 years-old at 1, 5 min, and 12 h, following elective PCI. Plasma sphingolipids levels were assessed by HPLC. At 1 min coronary sinus levels of sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P), sphingosine (SPH), and sphinganine (SA) were increased by 314, 115, and 614%, respectively (n = 7), while peripheral blood levels increased by 79, 68, and 272% (n = 24). By 5 min, coronary sinus S1P and SPH levels increased further (720%, 117%), as did peripheral levels of S1P alone (792%). Where troponin T was detectable at 12 h (10 of 31), a strong correlation was found with peak S1P (R (2) = 0.818; P < 0.0001). Conclusion: For the first time, we demonstrate the behavior of plasma sphingolipids following transient cardiac ischaemia in humans. The observation supports the important role of sphingolipids level as a potential novel marker of transient or prolonged myocardial ischaemia.
Disciplines :
Cardiovascular & respiratory systems
Author, co-author :
Egom, Emmanuel E.
Mamas, Mamas A.
Chacko, Sanoj
Stringer, Sally E.
Charlton-Menys, Valentine
El-Omar, Magdi
Chirico, Debora
Clarke, Bernard
Neyses, Ludwig ;  University of Luxembourg > Research Office
Cruickshank, J. Kennedy
Lei, Ming
Fath-Ordoubadi, Farzin
Language :
English
Title :
Serum sphingolipids level as a novel potential marker for early detection of human myocardial ischaemic injury.
Publication date :
2013
Journal title :
Frontiers in Physiology
ISSN :
1664-042X
Publisher :
Frontiers Media S.A., Switzerland
Volume :
4
Pages :
130
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Available on ORBilu :
since 26 June 2014

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