Article (Scientific journals)
Correlates of food addiction in obese individuals seeking bariatric surgery
Meule, Adrian; Heckel, Daniela; Jurowich, Christian et al.
2014In Clinical Obesity, 4 (4), p. 228–236
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Keywords :
Obesity; food addiction; impulsivity; alcohol use; bariatric surgery; binge eating
Abstract :
[en] Recent evidence suggests that palatable, high-calorie foods may have an addictive potential. Accordingly, obesity and overconsumption of such foods have been associated with addiction-like eating behavior. The present study investigated whether individuals with obesity can be classified as food addicted and which factors would differentiate between food addicted and non-addicted individuals. We administered the German version of the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) and other questionnaires to obese individuals seeking bariatric surgery (N = 96). Results showed that 40% of the sample could be diagnosed as food addicted. Food addicted individuals reported more frequent food cravings, higher eating disorder psychopathology, and more depressive symptoms than the non-addicted group. Age, body mass, and gender distribution did not differ between groups. The food addiction group had higher attentional, but similar motor and non-planning impulsivity, and had lower scores on the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) compared to the non-addicted group. Scores on the AUDIT were associated with impulsivity in the non-addicted group only. We conclude that the prevalence of food addiction is higher in candidates for bariatric surgery compared to the general population and obese individuals not seeking bariatric surgery. A diagnosis of food addiction is associated with higher eating pathology and depression. Moreover, only attentional impulsivity, but not other dimensions of impulsivity, is associated with addictive eating. Finally, food addiction and impulsivity interactively predicted alcohol use, suggesting a crucial role of psychological variables and eating style in determining alcohol consumption in pre-bariatric patients, independent of body mass.
Disciplines :
Treatment & clinical psychology
Author, co-author :
Meule, Adrian;  University of Würzburg
Heckel, Daniela;  University of Würzburg
Jurowich, Christian;  University Hospital Würzburg
Vögele, Claus ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE)
Kübler, Andrea;  University of Würzburg
Language :
Title :
Correlates of food addiction in obese individuals seeking bariatric surgery
Publication date :
Journal title :
Clinical Obesity
Volume :
Issue :
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Peer reviewed :
Peer reviewed
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since 26 May 2014


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