Reference : Gender Differences in Cognitive Abilities among the Elderly Poor of Peru
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Business & economic sciences : Social economics
Gender Differences in Cognitive Abilities among the Elderly Poor of Peru
Olivera Angulo, Javier mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE) >]
Novella, Rafael [Inter-American Development Bank]
University of Leuven CES Discussin Papers Series 14.11
[en] cognition ; poverty ; gender differences
[en] This paper analyses gender differences on cognitive abilities for the elderly poor in Peru. We use a unique and recent survey for the elderly individuals living in poverty in Peru (ESBAM) that includes cognitive tests and a comprehensive set of socio-demographics and subjective and objective health measures. We find significant differences in mental intactness in favour of males, and in episodic memory in favour of females. In contrast, there are not gender differences in an overall measure of cognition, but regional differences appear to matter in favour of urban localities. The sizeable associations of education and childhood nutrition quality with cognition confirm the long-term impacts of early life developments on current outcomes. Therefore, policies aimed at improving early childhood development are expected to have a positive impact in later-life.

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