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See detailDistributed Processing of Generalized Graph-Pattern Queries in SPARQL 1.1
Gurajada, Sairam; Theobald, Martin UL

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 64 (7 UL)
See detailAdventskalender, Tag 19: Gedanken und Wünsche für Hochbegabte.
Baudson, Tanja Gabriele UL

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 UL)
See detailAdventskalender, Tag 15: Gedanken und Wünsche für Hochbegabte.
Baudson, Tanja Gabriele UL

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (0 UL)
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See detailA global description of the fine Simpson moduli space of 1-dimensional sheaves supported on plane quartics
Iena, Oleksandr UL

E-print/Working paper (2016)

A global description of the fine Simpson moduli spaces of 1-dimensional sheaves supported on plane quartics is given: we describe the gluing of the Brill-Noether loci described by Drézet and Maican and ... [more ▼]

A global description of the fine Simpson moduli spaces of 1-dimensional sheaves supported on plane quartics is given: we describe the gluing of the Brill-Noether loci described by Drézet and Maican and show that the Simpson moduli space M=M_{4m±1}(P_2) is a blow-down of a blow-up of a projective bundle over a smooth moduli space of Kronecker modules. An easy computation of the Poincaré polynomial of M is presented. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 59 (18 UL)
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See detailThe Frobenius theorem for Z^n_2-supermanifolds
Covolo, Tiffany UL; Kwok, Stephen UL; Poncin, Norbert UL

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 97 (3 UL)
See detailAdventskalender, Tag 5: Gedanken und Wünsche für Hochbegabte.
Baudson, Tanja Gabriele UL

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (2 UL)
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See detailGreen Consumption and relative preferences in an international ologopoly
Zanaj, Skerdilajda UL; Tarola, Ornella; Ceccantoni, Giulia

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (0 UL)
See detailAdventskalender, Tag 12: Gedanken und Wünsche für Hochbegabte.
Baudson, Tanja Gabriele UL

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (0 UL)
See detailAdventskalender, Tag 13: Gedanken und Wünsche für Hochbegabte.
Baudson, Tanja Gabriele UL

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (0 UL)
See detailAdventskalender, Tag 20: Gedanken und Wünsche für Hochbegabte.
Baudson, Tanja Gabriele UL

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (0 UL)
See detailAdventskalender, Tag 18: Gedanken und Wünsche für Hochbegabte.
Baudson, Tanja Gabriele UL

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (0 UL)
See detailAdventskalender, Tag 23: Gedanken und Wünsche für Hochbegabte.
Baudson, Tanja Gabriele UL

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 UL)
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See detailModel spaces in sub-Riemannian geometry
Grong, Erlend UL

E-print/Working paper (2016)

We consider sub-Riemannian spaces admitting an isometry group that is maximal in the sense that any linear isometry of the horizontal tangent spaces is realized by a global isometry. We will show that ... [more ▼]

We consider sub-Riemannian spaces admitting an isometry group that is maximal in the sense that any linear isometry of the horizontal tangent spaces is realized by a global isometry. We will show that these spaces have a canonical partial connection defined on their horizontal bundle. However, unlike the Riemannian case, such spaces are not uniquely determined by their curvature and their metric tangent cone. Furthermore, the number of invariants needed to determine model spaces with the same tangent cone is in general greater than one. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 55 (2 UL)
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See detailWavelet Dynamic Conditional Correlation GARCH model : WDCC-GARCH
Nsaoudi, Ange; Terraza, Virginie UL

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 113 (3 UL)
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See detailModuli stacks of algebraic structures and deformation theory
Yalin, Sinan UL

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 53 (0 UL)
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See detailIntegration on colored supermanifolds
Grabowski, Janusz; Kwok, Stephen UL; Poncin, Norbert UL

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 72 (6 UL)
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See detailUntraceable VoIP Communication based on DC-nets
Franck, Christian UL; Sorger, Ulrich UL

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Untraceable communication is about hiding the identity of the sender or the recipient of a message. Currently most systems used in practice (e.g., TOR) rely on the principle that a message is routed via ... [more ▼]

Untraceable communication is about hiding the identity of the sender or the recipient of a message. Currently most systems used in practice (e.g., TOR) rely on the principle that a message is routed via several relays to obfuscate its path through the network. However, as this increases the end-to-end latency it is not ideal for applications like Voice-over-IP (VoIP) communication, where participants will notice annoying delays if the data does not arrive fast enough. We propose an approach based on the paradigm of Dining Cryptographer networks (DC-nets) that can be used to realize untraceable communication within small groups. The main features of our approach are low latency and resilience to packet-loss and fault packets sent by malicious players. We consider the special case of VoIP communication and propose techniques for a P2P implementation. We expose existing problems and sketch possible future large-scale systems composed of multiple groups. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 113 (7 UL)
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See detailKrichever-Novikov type algebras and Wess-Zumino-Witten models
Schlichenmaier, Martin UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Krichever--Novikov type algebras are generalizations of the Witt, Virasoro, affine Lie algebras, and their relatives to Riemann surfaces of arbitrary genus and/or the multi-point situation. They play a ... [more ▼]

Krichever--Novikov type algebras are generalizations of the Witt, Virasoro, affine Lie algebras, and their relatives to Riemann surfaces of arbitrary genus and/or the multi-point situation. They play a very important role in the context of quantization of Conformal Field Theory. In this review we give the most important results about their structure, almost-grading and central extensions. Furthermore, we explain how they are used in the context of Wess--Zumino--Novikov--Witten models, respectively Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov connections. There they play a role as gauge algebras, as tangent directions to the moduli spaces, and as Sugawara operators. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 45 (1 UL)
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See detailOn four Koszul-Tate resolutions
Pistalo, Damjan UL; Poncin, Norbert UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 141 (30 UL)
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See detailArbeitszufriedenheit der Arbeitnehmer in Luxemburg
Sischka, Philipp UL; Steffgen, Georges UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Die Arbeitszufriedenheit der Arbeitnehmer in Luxemburg hat sich von 2013 zu 2014 insgesamt verringert. Von diesem Rückgang waren insbesondere Arbeitnehmer in der Altersklasse der 45-54 Jährigen ... [more ▼]

Die Arbeitszufriedenheit der Arbeitnehmer in Luxemburg hat sich von 2013 zu 2014 insgesamt verringert. Von diesem Rückgang waren insbesondere Arbeitnehmer in der Altersklasse der 45-54 Jährigen, Arbeitnehmer mit portugiesischer Nationalität sowie in Belgien wohnhafte Arbeitnehmer betroffen. Die Veränderungen von 2014 zu 2015 fallen insgesamt moderater aus. Innerhalb dieses Zeitraums nimmt die Arbeitszufriedenheit der 16-24 Jährigen jedoch relativ stark ab. Arbeitnehmer mit portugiesischer Nationalität steigen in ihrer Arbeitszufriedenheit dagegen wieder an. Zu keinem der drei Erhebungszeitpunkte sind hinsichtlich der Arbeitszufriedenheit Unterschiede zwischen Männern und Frauen sowie zwischen Arbeitnehmern in Vollzeit und in Teilzeit festzustellen. Insgesamt berichten Manager und Führungskräfte sowie Arbeitnehmer in akademischen Berufen im Jahr 2015 über die höchste Arbeitszufriedenheit, dagegen Arbeitnehmer, die Anlagen und Maschinen bedienen sowie Arbeitnehmer, die in Land- und Forstwirtschaft beschäftigt sind, über die geringste Arbeitszufriedenheit. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 226 (21 UL)
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See detailValuing American options using fast recursive projections
Cosma, Antonio UL; Galluccio, Stefano; Pederzoli, Paola et al

E-print/Working paper (2015)

We introduce a fast and widely applicable numerical pricing method that uses recursive projections. We characterize its convergence speed. We find that the early exercise boundary of an American call ... [more ▼]

We introduce a fast and widely applicable numerical pricing method that uses recursive projections. We characterize its convergence speed. We find that the early exercise boundary of an American call option on a discrete dividend paying stock is higher under the Merton and Heston models than under the Black-Scholes model, as opposed to the continuous dividend case. A large database of call options on stocks with quarterly dividends shows that adding stochastic volatility and jumps to the Black-Scholes benchmark reduces the amount foregone by call holders failing to optimally exercise by 25%. Transaction fees cannot fully explain the suboptimal behavior. [less ▲]

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See detailAuswertung der Selbstevaluation des IDENT2-Projekts (2011-2014)
Reckinger, Rachel UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (2 UL)
See detailLet's Talk Business: The Economic Impact of Brexit
Herzog, Mechthild UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 314 (2 UL)
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See detailVictimization and Safety in Luxembourg - Findings of the "Enquête sur la sécurité 2013"
Heinz, Andreas UL; Steffgen, Georges UL; Willems, Helmut UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Cette publication présente les principaux résultats de « l'Enquête sur la sécurité 2013 » réalisée au Luxembourg par le STATEC et l'Université du Luxembourg/INSIDE. Les principaux objectifs de l’enquête ... [more ▼]

Cette publication présente les principaux résultats de « l'Enquête sur la sécurité 2013 » réalisée au Luxembourg par le STATEC et l'Université du Luxembourg/INSIDE. Les principaux objectifs de l’enquête étaient de mesurer les taux de prévalence des délits de droit commun et de sonder les comportements relatifs à la délinquance et la sécurité. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 150 (19 UL)
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See detailN point Virasoro algebras considered as Krichever-Novikov type algebras
Schlichenmaier, Martin UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

We explain how the recently again discussed $N$-point Witt, Virasoro, and affine Lie algebras are genus zero examples of the multi-point versions of Krichever--Novikov type algebras as introduced and ... [more ▼]

We explain how the recently again discussed $N$-point Witt, Virasoro, and affine Lie algebras are genus zero examples of the multi-point versions of Krichever--Novikov type algebras as introduced and studied by Schlichenmaier. Using this more general point of view, useful structural insights and an easier access to calculations can be obtained. As example, explicit expressions for the three-point situation are given. This is a write-up of a talk presented at the Bialowieza meeting in 2015. Details can be found in a recent manuscript by the author. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Demand for Diversification in Incomplete Markets
Mehra, Rajnish UL; Wahal, Sunil; Xie, Daruo

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 104 (4 UL)
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See detailFinancing Patterns of European SMEs: An Empirical Taxonomy
Moritz, Alexandra; Block, Joern; Heinz, Andreas UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

This EIF Working Paper takes a holistic approach to investigate SME financing patterns in Europe by performing a cluster analysis including 12,726 SMEs in 28 European countries. The results reveal that ... [more ▼]

This EIF Working Paper takes a holistic approach to investigate SME financing patterns in Europe by performing a cluster analysis including 12,726 SMEs in 28 European countries. The results reveal that SME financing in Europe is not homogenous but that different financing patterns exist. The cluster analysis identifies six distinct SME financing types: mixed-financed SMEs, state-subsidised SMEs, debt-financed SMEs, flexible-debt-financed SMEs, trade-financed SMEs and internally-financed SMEs. These SME financingtypes differ according to the number of financing instruments used and the combinations thereof. Furthermore, the SME financing types can be profiled according to their firm-, product-, industry- and country- specific characteristics. Our findings can support policy makers in assessing the impact of policy changes on SME financing and in designing financing programs tailored to the specific needs of SMEs. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 104 (1 UL)
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See detailProps of ribbon graphs, involutive Lie bialgebras and moduli spaces of curves M_g,n
Merkulov, Sergei UL; Willwacher, Thomas

E-print/Working paper (2015)

We establish a new and surprisingly strong link between two previously unrelated theories: the theory of moduli spaces of curves $\cM_{g,n}$ (which, according to Penner, is controlled by the ribbon graph ... [more ▼]

We establish a new and surprisingly strong link between two previously unrelated theories: the theory of moduli spaces of curves $\cM_{g,n}$ (which, according to Penner, is controlled by the ribbon graph complex) and the homotopy theory of $E_d$ operads (controlled by ordinary graph complexes with no ribbon structure, introduced first by Kontsevich). The link between the two goes through a new intermediate {\em stable}\, ribbon graph complex which has roots in the deformation theory of quantum $A_\infty$ algebras and the theory of Kontsevich compactifications of moduli spaces of curves $\overline{\cM}_{g,n}^K$. Using a new prop of ribbon graphs and the fact that it contains the prop of involutive Lie bialgebras as a subprop we find new algebraic structures on the classical ribbon graph complex computing $H^\bu(\cM_{g,n})$. We use them to prove Comparison Theorems, and in particular to construct a non-trivial map from the ordinary to the ribbon graph cohomology. On the technical side, we construct a functor $\f$ from the category of prop(erad)s to the category of operads. If a properad $\cP$ is in addition equipped with a map from the properad governing Lie bialgebras (or graded versions thereof), then we define a notion of $\cP$-``graph'' complex, of stable $\cP$-graph complex and a certain operad, that is in good cases an $E_d$ operad. In the ribbon case, this latter operad acts on the deformation complexes of any quantum $A_\infty$-algebra. We also prove that there is a highly non-trivial, in general, action of the Grothendieck-Teichm\"uller group $GRT_1$ on the space of so-called {\em non-commutative Poisson structures}\, on any vector space $W$ equipped with a degree $-1$ symplectic form (which interpolate between cyclic $A_\infty$ structures in $W$ and ordinary polynomial Poisson structures on $W$ as an affine space). [less ▲]

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See detailDesperately Seeking Small Worlds in Corporate Boards: International Evidence from Listed Firms
Hamadi, Malika; Heinen, Andreas; Jonard, Nicolas UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2015)

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See detailInflation Aversion in the European Union: Exploring the Myth of a North-South Divide
Howarth, David UL; Rommerskirchen, Charlotte

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Our study seeks to prove that German Stability Culture is a myth. The concept is a core legitimizing element of economic policy discourse in Germany and used regularly to juxtapose Germany and northern ... [more ▼]

Our study seeks to prove that German Stability Culture is a myth. The concept is a core legitimizing element of economic policy discourse in Germany and used regularly to juxtapose Germany and northern Europe and the euro area periphery. Using Eurobarometer surveys we construct a measurement for Stability Culture which is based on the priority assigned to the fight against inflation. Our empirical analysis covers the 2002 to 2010 timespan and includes 27 European Union Member States. Our results show that the distinction between northern states with an allegedly strong and southern states with an allegedly weak Stability Culture is a myth. Controlling for actual inflation, we find that the northern Member States with an allegedly high Stability Culture are less concerned with price stability than the rest of the EU. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 139 (1 UL)
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See detailAssessing and Improving the Mutation Testing Practice of PIT
Laurent, Thomas; Ventresque, Anthony; Papadakis, Mike UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 129 (2 UL)
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See detailCentrality of regions in R&D networks: Conceptual clarifications and a new measure
Berge, Laurent UL; Wanzenböck, Iris; Scherngell, Thomas

E-print/Working paper (2015)

This paper aims at introducing a novel measure of regional centrality in the context of R&D networks. We first demonstrate some substantial problems of SNA-based centrality measures to cope with regional ... [more ▼]

This paper aims at introducing a novel measure of regional centrality in the context of R&D networks. We first demonstrate some substantial problems of SNA-based centrality measures to cope with regional R&D networks in a meaningful way. Then, we introduce a new measurement approach of regional network centrality based on the concept of inter-regional bridging paths (indirect connections at the regional level). We show that the formal definition of our regional bridging centrality measure can be expressed in terms of three simple components: the participation intensity of a region in inter-regional R&D collaborations, the relative outward orientation in terms of all established links and the diversification of R&D collaborations among partner regions. We illustrate the measure and its behaviour with respect to other conventional centrality measures by using the European co-patent network at the NUTS 2 level. [less ▲]

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See detailA Polyakov formula for sectors
Aldana Dominguez, Clara Lucia UL; Rowlett, Julie

E-print/Working paper (2015)

We consider finite area convex Euclidean circular sectors. We prove a variational Polyakov formula which shows how the zeta-regularized determinant of the Laplacian varies with respect to the opening ... [more ▼]

We consider finite area convex Euclidean circular sectors. We prove a variational Polyakov formula which shows how the zeta-regularized determinant of the Laplacian varies with respect to the opening angle. Varying the angle corresponds to a conformal deformation in the direction of a conformal factor with a logarithmic singularity at the corner. As an application of the method, we obtain an analogues Polyakov formula for a surface with one conical singularity. We compute the zeta-regularized determinant of rectangular domains of fixed area and prove that it is uniquely maximized by the square. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 131 (3 UL)
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See detailWeyl type quantization for some symplectic symmetric spaces
Korvers, Stéphane UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (0 UL)
See detailAdelic openness without the Mumford-Tate conjecture
Hui, Chun Yin UL; Larsen, Michael

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (1 UL)
See detailOn rationality of certian type A Galois representations
Hui, Chun Yin UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 48 (0 UL)
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See detailOn the Distribution of Frobenius of Weight 2 Eigenforms with Quadratic Coefficient Field
Van Hirtum, Jasper UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

In this article we present a heuristic model that describes the asymptotic behaviour of the number of primes p such that the p-th coefficient of a given eigenform is a rational integer. We treat the case ... [more ▼]

In this article we present a heuristic model that describes the asymptotic behaviour of the number of primes p such that the p-th coefficient of a given eigenform is a rational integer. We treat the case of a weight 2 eigenform with quadratic coefficient field without inner twists. Moreover we present numerical data which agrees with our model and the assumptions we made to obtain it. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 67 (1 UL)
See detailRemittance and Migration Prospects for the Twenty-First Century
Machado Carneiro, Joël UL; Docquier, Frédéric

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 66 (13 UL)
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See detailAirport Congestion and Inefficiency in Slot Allocation
Picard, Pierre M UL; Tampieri, Alessandro UL; Wan, Xi

E-print/Working paper (2015)

This paper analyzes optimal slot allocation in the presence of airport congestion. We model peak and offpeak slots as vertically differentiated products, and congestion limits the number of peak slots ... [more ▼]

This paper analyzes optimal slot allocation in the presence of airport congestion. We model peak and offpeak slots as vertically differentiated products, and congestion limits the number of peak slots that the airport can allocate. Inefficiency emerges when the airport does not exploit all its slots. We show that for a private airport, inefficiency may arise if the airport is not too congested and the per-passenger fee is small enough, while with a public airport it does not emerge. Furthermore the airport, irrespective of its ownership, tends to give different slots to flights with same destination if the underlying market is a duopoly, and a single slot if the underlying market is served by a monopoly. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Comparative Political Economy of Basel III
Howarth, David UL; Quaglia, Lucia UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

The Basel III Accord was the centerpiece of the international regulatory response to the global financial crisis, setting new capital requirements for internationally active banks. This paper explains the ... [more ▼]

The Basel III Accord was the centerpiece of the international regulatory response to the global financial crisis, setting new capital requirements for internationally active banks. This paper explains the divergent preferences on Basel III of national regulators in three countries that approximate what are frequently presented as distinct varieties of capitalism in Europe – Germany, the United Kingdom and France. It is argued that national regulators faced a ‘trilemma’ in setting capital requirements, having to prioritize among banking sector stability, the competitiveness of national banks and short to medium term economic growth. Different varieties of national financial system – specifically, banking system and different kinds of ‘banking champions’ – explain the different prioritization of objectives in the ‘trilemma’ and hence for the divergent preferences of national regulators on Basel III capital requirements. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 252 (1 UL)
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See detail8pi-periodic Josephson effect in time-reversal invariant interacting Rashba nanowires
Pedder, Christopher UL; Meng, Tobias; Tiwari, Rakesh et al

E-print/Working paper (2015)

We investigate narrow quantum wires with strong Rashba spin-orbit coupling and electron-electron interactions. We show that virtual transitions between subbands lead to umklapp scattering which can open a ... [more ▼]

We investigate narrow quantum wires with strong Rashba spin-orbit coupling and electron-electron interactions. We show that virtual transitions between subbands lead to umklapp scattering which can open a partial gap in the spectrum even in the presence of time-reversal symmetry. Using the superconducting proximity effect to gap out the remaining modes, we show that the system can host zero-energy states at its edges, which are protected by time-reversal symmetry. We present the parameter regime in which these bound states will emerge. Similarly to Majorana bound states, they will produce a zero-bias peak in the differential conductance. In contrast to the Majorana fermions, however, their fourfold degeneracy leads to an 8π periodicity of the Josephson current due to tunneling of fractionalized excitations with charge e/2. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Pessimism Factor: SEC EDGAR Form 10-K Textual Analysis and Stock Returns
Chouliaras, Andreas UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 87 (0 UL)
See detailTriple-A rating? Juncker's vision for the EU's social policy scorecard
Herzog, Mechthild UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (2 UL)
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See detailN-point Virasoro algebras are multi-point Krichever--Novikov type algebras
Schlichenmaier, Martin UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

We show how the recently again discussed $N$-point Witt, Virasoro, and affine Lie algebras are genus zero examples of the multi-point versions of Krichever--Novikov type algebras as introduced and studied ... [more ▼]

We show how the recently again discussed $N$-point Witt, Virasoro, and affine Lie algebras are genus zero examples of the multi-point versions of Krichever--Novikov type algebras as introduced and studied by Schlichenmaier. Using this more general point of view, useful structural insights and an easier access to calculations can be obtained. The concept of almost-grading will yield information about triangular decompositions which are of importance in the theory of representations. As examples the algebra of functions, vector fields, differential operators, current algebras, affine Lie algebras, Lie superalgebras and their central extensions are studied. Very detailed calculations for the three-point case are given. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 95 (6 UL)
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See detailPension insecurity and well-being in Europe
Olivera Angulo, Javier UL; Ponomarenko, Valentina UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

This paper studies pension insecurity in a sample of non-retired individuals aged 50 years or older from 18 European countries. We relate pension insecurity with the subjective expectations on the ... [more ▼]

This paper studies pension insecurity in a sample of non-retired individuals aged 50 years or older from 18 European countries. We relate pension insecurity with the subjective expectations on the probability that the government will reduce the pensions of the individual before retirement or will increase the statutory retirement age. We argue that changes in economic conditions and policy affect the formation of such probabilities, and through this, subjective wellbeing. In particular, we study the effects of pension insecurity on subjective wellbeing with pooled OLS models, regressions per quintiles and instrumental variables. We find a statistically significant, stable and negative association between pension insecurity and subjective wellbeing. The quintile regressions allow us to establish that pension insecurity is more salient for individuals who are poorer, who subjectively assess their life survival rate as low and who have higher cognitive abilities. [less ▲]

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See detailWell-being differences in old-age in Europe: the Active Ageing Index by cohorts
Olivera Angulo, Javier UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

The goal of this paper is to study and explain the differences in wellbeing in old age across cohorts and countries in Europe. This is done with the replication of the Active Ageing Index for cohorts ... [more ▼]

The goal of this paper is to study and explain the differences in wellbeing in old age across cohorts and countries in Europe. This is done with the replication of the Active Ageing Index for cohorts formed by age group, sex and country for 2012. The analysis is performed with different model regressions at the cohort level and introducing macro variables at the country level. In general, there is a gap in active ageing in detriment of females which is larger in older cohorts. In addition, wealth, equity and pension settings of the country are important predictors for better active ageing. Finally, it is found that the Social-Democratic welfare regime (Nordic countries) with its set of strong redistributive policies, is the most favourable system for active ageing. [less ▲]

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See detailTrade Credit and firm Comovements
Pisa, Magdalena UL; Bos, Jaap; Bams, Dennis

E-print/Working paper (2015)

This paper provides evidence that production linkages, as well as credit chains (represented by trade credit), are important for the transmission of idiosyncratic (firm-level) shocks across firms in the ... [more ▼]

This paper provides evidence that production linkages, as well as credit chains (represented by trade credit), are important for the transmission of idiosyncratic (firm-level) shocks across firms in the economy. We build on the idea that trade credit develops along production linkages, and amplifies the idiosyncratic shock as firms may lack inputs and also liquidity. Using disaggregated firm-level data we show that the disturbance of customer's sales increases with greater trade credit linkage. We show that during a recession the existence of trade credit linkage propagates shocks upstream, from a supplier onto its upstream customer. In these periods, firms are short of liquidity and are unable to withstand a drop in trade credit provision. In good times, however, trade credit plays a stabilizing role, reducing the volatility of firms' sales. In these periods, firms with sufficient liquidity are able to transfer some of it to liquidity-starved production partners in order to guarantee their own stable production. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (2 UL)
See detailZur Bedeutung der Tiermetaphorik in der Verschränkung von Ökonomie & Gender bei Jelinek
Bloch, Natalie UL; Pelka, Artur

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 53 (6 UL)
See detailUrban social structure, social capital and spatial proximity
Patacchini, Eleonora; Picard, Pierre M UL; Zenou, Yves

E-print/Working paper (2015)

We develop a theoretical model where the existence and intensity of dyadic contacts depend on location. We show that agents tend to interact more with agents that are highly central in the network of ... [more ▼]

We develop a theoretical model where the existence and intensity of dyadic contacts depend on location. We show that agents tend to interact more with agents that are highly central in the network of social contacts and that are geographically closer. Using a unique geo-coded dataset of friendship networks in the United States, we find evidence consistent with this model. The main empirical challenge, which is the possible endogenous network formation, is tackled by employing a Bayesian methodology that allows to estimate simultaneously network formation and intensity of network contacts. [less ▲]

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See detailRegards sur les cambriolages et les tentatives de cambriolages
Heinz, Andreas UL; Steffgen, Georges UL; Frising, Armande et al

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Selon l’enquête sur la sécurité 2013, 10% des ménages ont été victimes d’un cambriolage et 9% ont subi une tentative de cambriolage au cours des 5 dernières années. Il s’agit d’introductions ou de ... [more ▼]

Selon l’enquête sur la sécurité 2013, 10% des ménages ont été victimes d’un cambriolage et 9% ont subi une tentative de cambriolage au cours des 5 dernières années. Il s’agit d’introductions ou de tentatives d’introduction dans leur bien immobilier au Luxembourg ou à l’étranger. La grande majorité des effractions (83%) a eu lieu au Grand-Duché et près d’un tiers (35%) se sont produites entre 22h et 6h. Dans 73% des cas, l’habitation était visée ; les installations extérieures, annexes et abris de jardin étant moins souvent concernés (26%). Si dans près de 8 cambriolages sur 10 un vol a effectivement été commis, la violence physique quant à elle reste plutôt rare (2%). 21.5% des incidents n’ont pas été déclarés à la police, en général parce que les victimes ont jugé que ça n’en vallait pas la peine. Lorsque le cambriolage a été déclaré, 47% des déclarants étaient « très satisfaits » et 23% « satisfaits » des services de la police. Les victimes de cambriolages ou tentatives de cambriolages sont davantage d’avis que le niveau de criminalité a globalement augmenté que les non-victimes. Ils apprécient moins le travail de la police et des tribunaux et se prononcent plutôt en faveur de peines de prison pour les cambrioleurs tandis que les non-victimes plaident plutôt pour des sanctions sous forme de travaux d’intérêt général. [less ▲]

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See detailHealing through Liquidity Injections ?
Rasmouki, Fanou UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

The unprecedentedly high borrowing costs of banks along with the armada of interventions by the ECB and kin institutions to prevent a financial haemorrhage underpin the motivation of this paper to re ... [more ▼]

The unprecedentedly high borrowing costs of banks along with the armada of interventions by the ECB and kin institutions to prevent a financial haemorrhage underpin the motivation of this paper to re-visit the connection between default probabilities à la Merton and borrowing costs for a sample of large European banks. In doing so, the paper also investigates the ramifications of the ECB’s interventions on the health of the banking system. Furthermore, and building on Merton’s model, it proposes a simple measure of credit spreads that accounts for the nature of the credit risk profile of large financial institutions. The findings are unequivocal and suggest that higher default probabilities significantly explain the deteriorating ability of banks to borrow from the financial markets. More importantly, there is an increase in the degree to which default probabilities explain borrowing costs when policy measures undertaken by the ECB are incorporated. Conversely, the effect of the liquidity interventions is ambivalent: While liquidity measures directed towards the banking system have a curing effect on the borrowing costs of banks, those related to sovereigns seemingly have an impeding effect. [less ▲]

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See detailVolatility Concepts and Risk Management Tools
Lehnert, Thorsten UL; Blanchard,, Gildas; Dennis, Bams,

E-print/Working paper (2015)

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See detailFrom Time Varying Risk-Aversion and Sentiment to Anomalies in Market
Lehnert, Thorsten UL; Honarvar, Iman; Bams, Dennis

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 53 (0 UL)
See detailHow a Brexit Would Influence the British Economy. A Four-Part Brexit Blog
Herzog, Mechthild UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

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See detailIs Venture Capital really a Local Business? Evidence from U.S. Cross-Border Investment
Kräussl, Roman UL; Wuebker,, Robert; Schulze, William

E-print/Working paper (2015)

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See detailInequality of opportunity during the great recession in Uganda
Palmisano, Flaviana UL; Brunori, Paolo; Peragine, Vito

E-print/Working paper (2015)

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See detailClosing the Seasonal Agricultural Workers Scheme: A Triple Loss
Consterdine, Erica; Samuk, Sahizer UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Despite temporary migration programmes (TMPs) being heralded as achieving a triple win – whereby the host state, the sending state and the migrants themselves all benefit – the UK government has now ... [more ▼]

Despite temporary migration programmes (TMPs) being heralded as achieving a triple win – whereby the host state, the sending state and the migrants themselves all benefit – the UK government has now terminated all such programmes, including the longstanding Seasonal Agricultural Workers Scheme (SAWS). At the same time, TMPs have been heavily criticised by both the academic and policy sectors, as they tie workers to employers in rigid ways and lack integration measures. This paper reviews the SAWS scheme, including the policy evolution of the programme and the reasons for the closure. We argue that the government is inflicting a multiple loss scenario, whereby permanent immigration may increase, labour market shortages will be rife, remittances and skills transfers will be lost, and irregular immigration and in turn exploitation of migrant worker rights may be exacerbated. Whilst the policy design of SAWS was far from perfect, we argue that a modified version, targeting agricultural students, should be retained, which could restore the triple-win scenario. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Axiomatic Approach to Risk Measures for Capital Determination
Föllmer, Hans UL; Weber, S.

E-print/Working paper (2015)

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See detailDash for Cash: Month-End Liquidity Needs and the Predictability of Stock Returns
Rinne, Kalle UL; Suominen, Matti; Vaittinen, Lauri

E-print/Working paper (2015)

This paper uncovers strong return reversals in the US value weighted stock market index around the last monthly settlement day, T-3, which guarantees liquidity for month-end cash distributions. Similar ... [more ▼]

This paper uncovers strong return reversals in the US value weighted stock market index around the last monthly settlement day, T-3, which guarantees liquidity for month-end cash distributions. Similar reversals in market returns around T-3 are documented internationally. The return reversals are stronger in countries where the mutual fund ownership is large, and in the US they have become stronger over time as the mutual fund ownership of stocks has increased. Using data that contains all trades of a subset of institutional investors, we show direct evidence that institutional trading contributes to the market reversals. Finally, we find that in the cross-section of stocks, return reversals around the turn of the month are stronger for stocks more commonly held by mutual funds and for liquid stocks. These market reversals help explain the previously documented abnormally high market returns around the turn of the month. [less ▲]

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See detailDining Cryptographers are Practical
Franck, Christian UL; van de Graaf, Jeroen

E-print/Working paper (2015)

The dining cryptographers protocol provides information-theoretically secure sender and recipient untraceability. However, the protocol is considered to be impractical because a malicious participant may ... [more ▼]

The dining cryptographers protocol provides information-theoretically secure sender and recipient untraceability. However, the protocol is considered to be impractical because a malicious participant may disrupt the communication. We propose an implementation which provides information-theoretical security for senders and recipients, and in which a disruptor with limited computational capabilities can easily be detected. [less ▲]

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See detailRegular and irregular holonomic D-modules
Kashiwara, Masaki; Schapira, Pierre UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

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See detailWhat Drives Exchange Rates? Reassessing Currency Return Predictability
Ferreira Filipe, Sara UL; Maio, Paulo

E-print/Working paper (2015)

We compute a variance decomposition for the log exchange rate based on a present-value relation. At long horizons, return predictability drives the variation in the exchange rate while predictability of ... [more ▼]

We compute a variance decomposition for the log exchange rate based on a present-value relation. At long horizons, return predictability drives the variation in the exchange rate while predictability of future interest rate differentials plays a secondary role. At shorter horizons, the dominant source is predictability of the future spot rate. There is more return predictability and less interest spread and exchange rate predictability in the case of real exchange rates compared to nominal exchange rates. An alternative decomposition based on a first-order VAR tends to overstate the importance of predictability of future interest spreads and exchange rates. [less ▲]

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See detailHorizontal holonomy and foliated manifolds
Chitour, Yacine; Grong, Erlend UL; Jean, Frédérick et al

E-print/Working paper (2015)

We introduce horizontal holonomy groups, which are groups defined using parallel transport only along curves tangent to a given subbundle D of the tangent bundle. We provide explicit means of computing ... [more ▼]

We introduce horizontal holonomy groups, which are groups defined using parallel transport only along curves tangent to a given subbundle D of the tangent bundle. We provide explicit means of computing these holonomy groups by deriving analogues of Ambrose-Singer’s and Ozeki’s theorems. We then give necessary and sufficient conditions in terms of the horizontal holonomy groups for existence of solutions of two problems on foliated manifolds: determining when a foliation can be either (a) totally geodesic or (b) endowed with a principal bundle structure. The subbundle D plays the role of an orthogonal complement to the leaves of the foliation in case (a) and of a principal connection in case (b). [less ▲]

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See detailPosition space Feynman quadrics and their motives
Ceyhan, Ozgur UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 78 (3 UL)
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See detailStudying employers’ risk assessment and the role of institutions: An experimental design
Shi, Penghui Lulu; Imdorf, Christian; Samuel, Robin UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Work Package 7 aims at understanding how early job insecurity can affect an individual’s future career from an employer’s perspective. By paying special attention to the educational background and gender ... [more ▼]

Work Package 7 aims at understanding how early job insecurity can affect an individual’s future career from an employer’s perspective. By paying special attention to the educational background and gender of the applicants, we plan to investigate how employers interpret young applicants’ job insecurity, for example in the form of unemployment or job-mismatch experiences, during recruitment. The negative effects of such experiences on an individual’s chances of being recruited successfully – so called scarring effects – may further vary depending on economic and institutional contexts such as country-specific economic or political conditions, educational structures or economic sectors. By surveying employers from different sectors, we will examine if and how these scarring effects vary between four different countries: Bulgaria, Greece, Norway and Switzerland. We will apply an innovative methodology in the form of an employer-sided survey with an integrated multidimensional vignette experiment in order to simulate the impact of multiple factor s on success and failure when young people who experienced job insecurities apply for new jobs. In the present working paper we summarise the major theoretical concepts that have been used to explain the scarring effects that can result from employer behaviour. Moreover, we outline how we plan to collect data in WP 7 in order to analyse scarring through decision-making on behalf of employers during the recruitment process [less ▲]

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See detailFlat Z-graded connections and loop spaces
Arias Abad, Camilo; Schatz, Florian UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

The pull back of a flat bundle E→X along the evaluation map π:LX→X from the free loop space LX to X comes equipped with a canonical automorphism given by the holonomies of E. This construction naturally ... [more ▼]

The pull back of a flat bundle E→X along the evaluation map π:LX→X from the free loop space LX to X comes equipped with a canonical automorphism given by the holonomies of E. This construction naturally generalizes to flat Z-graded connections on X. Our main result is that the restriction of this holonomy automorphism to the based loop space ΩX of X provides an A-infinity quasi-equivalence between the dg category of flat Z-graded connections on X and the dg category of representations of C(ΩX), the dg algebra of singular chains on ΩX. [less ▲]

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See detailThe “Tone Effect” of News on Investor Beliefs: An Experimental Approach
Kräussl, Roman UL; Bosman,, Ronald; Schulze,, William et al

E-print/Working paper (2015)

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See detailRegulator Imposes Warning on RTL for Breach of Rules on Protection of Minors over Syrian War Coverage
Cole, Mark UL; Metzdorf, Jenny

E-print/Working paper (2015)

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See detailThe projective linear supergroup and the SUSY-preserving automorphisms of P^1|1
Kwok, Stephen UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

The purpose of this paper is to describe the projective linear supergroup, its relation with the automorphisms of the projective superspace and to determine the supergroup of SUSY preserving automorphisms ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this paper is to describe the projective linear supergroup, its relation with the automorphisms of the projective superspace and to determine the supergroup of SUSY preserving automorphisms of ${\mathbf P}^{1|1}$ [less ▲]

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See detailOptimal Berry-Esseen bounds on the Poisson space.
Peccati, Giovanni UL; Azmoodeh, Ehsan UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (0 UL)
See detailLocal universality of the number of zeros of random trigonometric polynomials with continuous coefficients
Azais, Jean-Marc; Dalmao, Federico; Leon, Jose et al

E-print/Working paper (2015)

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See detailGauweiler and OMT: Lessons for EU Public Law and the European Economic and Monetary Union
Hofmann, Herwig UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Do exceptional situations make exceptional good or exceptionally bad law? This is an old question often asked anew – especially in the context of the post-2008 economic crises travails of the European ... [more ▼]

Do exceptional situations make exceptional good or exceptionally bad law? This is an old question often asked anew – especially in the context of the post-2008 economic crises travails of the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). The legal disputes which resulted from differing opinions about how to solve the crises and also how, incidentally, to improve the EMU’s governance have reached the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU). The most prominent case to date is the so called Gauweiler case, a preliminary reference procedure initiated by the German Constitutional Court, the Bundesverfassungsgericht (BVerfG). [less ▲]

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See detailDraft Grand-Ducal Regulation on Protection of Minors in Audiovisual Media Services
Cole, Mark UL; Metzdorf, Jenny

E-print/Working paper (2015)

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See detailEuro Crash Risk
Kräussl, Roman UL; Lehnert, Thorsten UL; Sigita, Senulyte

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (0 UL)
See detailHistorical societies: Luxembourg
Kmec, Sonja UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (1 UL)
See detailMuseums: Luxembourg
Kmec, Sonja UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (1 UL)
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See detailNew Grand-Ducal Regulation on fees for audio and audiovisual media service providers
Cole, Mark UL; Metzdorf, Jenny

E-print/Working paper (2015)

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See detailBubbles and Trading Frenzies: Evidence from the Art Market
Penasse, Julien UL; Renneboog, Luc

E-print/Working paper (2015)

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See detailCompetition among Coalitions in a Cournot Industry: A Validation of the Porter Hypothesis
Tampieri, Alessandro UL; Lambertini, Luca; Pignataro, Giuseppe

E-print/Working paper (2015)

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See detailLanguage profiles and practices of cross-border workers in Luxembourg
Franziskus, Anne UL; De Bres, Julia UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

This paper summarises the findings of a questionnaire study investigating the language pro-files and practices of cross-border workers in Luxembourg. The study was undertaken in 2009 and includes 128 ... [more ▼]

This paper summarises the findings of a questionnaire study investigating the language pro-files and practices of cross-border workers in Luxembourg. The study was undertaken in 2009 and includes 128 cross-border workers from 35 workplaces from different sectors, including the health sector, higher education and research, the manufacturing industry and the service sector. The study suggests that all the participants have a multilingual profile and have learnt at least one language in addition to their first one in the course of their life. A second result is that French is used in all the workplaces under investigation. But, at the same time, the major-ity of the cross-border worker participants have a multilingual professional life, most of them using more than one language at work on an everyday basis. This multilingualism comes in the form of a wide range of multilingual practices, including language accommodation, use of a lingua franca, code-switching and receptive multilingualism. Furthermore, two thirds of the participants report having learnt Luxembourgish either formally or informally, and half of those who have not learnt it, would like to do so in the future. [less ▲]

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See detailQuantized Matrix Algebras and Quantum seeds
Pagani, Chiara UL; Jakobsen, Hans Plesner

E-print/Working paper (2015)

We determine explicit quantum seeds for classes of quantized matrix algebras. Furthermore, we obtain results on centers and block diagonal for ms of these algebras. In the case where q is an arbitrary ... [more ▼]

We determine explicit quantum seeds for classes of quantized matrix algebras. Furthermore, we obtain results on centers and block diagonal for ms of these algebras. In the case where q is an arbitrary root of unity, this further determines the degrees. [less ▲]

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See detailIncreases in well-being after transition to retirement for unemployed. Catching up with formerly employed persons.
Ponomarenko, Valentina UL; Leist, Anja UL; Chauvel, Louis UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

This paper examines the extent to which well-being levels change in the transition to retirement depending on transitioning from being employed, unemployed, or economically inactive. Whereas transitioning ... [more ▼]

This paper examines the extent to which well-being levels change in the transition to retirement depending on transitioning from being employed, unemployed, or economically inactive. Whereas transitioning from employment to unemployment has been found to cause an increase in depressive symptoms or decline in life satisfaction with more time spent in unemployment, it is not clear to which extent transitioning from unemployment to retirement affects well-being levels compared to retiring after being employed or economically inactive. We use two waves of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe monitoring respondents transitioning to retirement and use life satisfaction as well-being measure. The effect of the transition is captured with a difference-in-difference like approach to test if the change in well-being after retirement is different for persons who were formerly unemployed or inactive, respectively, compared to formerly employed retirees. Results indicate that retiring from unemployment is associated with an increase in life satisfaction, but presents mainly a catching-up effect compared to employed persons transitioning to retirement. Retirement from labour market inactivity, especially sick leave, does not lead to significant changes in well-being. Findings are robust to selection into unemployment and country differences. As well-being of unemployed persons recovers after transitioning to retirement, especially the currently unemployed population should be supported to prevent detrimental consequences of economically unfavourable conditions and lower well-being. [less ▲]

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See detailInvariant connections and PBW theorem for Lie groupoid pairs
Laurent-Gengoux, Camille; Voglaire, Yannick UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Given a closed wide Lie subgroupoid $\mathbf{A}$ of a Lie groupoid $\mathbf{L}$, i.e. a Lie groupoid pair, we interpret the associated Atiyah class as the obstruction to the existence of $\mathbf{L ... [more ▼]

Given a closed wide Lie subgroupoid $\mathbf{A}$ of a Lie groupoid $\mathbf{L}$, i.e. a Lie groupoid pair, we interpret the associated Atiyah class as the obstruction to the existence of $\mathbf{L}$-invariant fibrewise affine connections on the homogeneous space $\mathbf{L}/\mathbf{A}$. For Lie groupoid pairs with vanishing Atiyah class, we show that the left $\mathbf{A}$-action on the quotient space $\mathbf{L}/\mathbf{A}$ can be linearized. In addition to giving an alternative proof of a result of Calaque about the Poincare-Birkhoff-Witt map for Lie algebroid pairs with vanishing Atiyah class, this result specializes to a necessary and sufficient condition for the linearization of dressing actions, and gives a clear interpretation of the Molino class as an obstruction to simultaneous linearization of all the monodromies. In the course of the paper, a general theory of connections and connection forms on Lie groupoid principal bundles is developed. Also, a computational substitute to the adjoint action (which only exists "up to homotopy") is suggested. [less ▲]

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See detailIntertemporal pro-poorness
Palmisano, Flaviana UL; Bresson, Florent; Duclos, Jean-Yves

E-print/Working paper (2015)

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See detailMultilingualism in advertising and a shifting balance of languages in Luxembourg
De Bres, Julia UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Much research on multilingualism in advertising has been undertaken in comparatively mono-lingual settings. Whereas such research may provide insights into the connotations of lan-guages used in ... [more ▼]

Much research on multilingualism in advertising has been undertaken in comparatively mono-lingual settings. Whereas such research may provide insights into the connotations of lan-guages used in advertising, research in more multilingual contexts can also provide different kinds of insights regarding the relative status of languages in a multilingual environment. This article focuses on multilingualism in written advertising in the highly multilingual setting of Luxembourg, where the language situation is currently undergoing significant change due to patterns of globalisation and migration. Analysis of a mixed corpus of advertisements, includ-ing 1,038 advertisements in the free daily newspaper l’Essentiel from 2009 to 2011, as well as selected further advertisements from elsewhere within Luxembourg’s linguistic landscape, reflects a move within Luxembourg in general from a longstanding trilingualism in French, German and Luxembourgish to different kinds of multilingualism, incorporating both the presence of new languages and changes in the relative roles of French, German and Luxem-bourgish. Particularly significant is the presence of Luxembourgish as a written language of advertising, whereas it traditionally functioned mainly as a spoken language in Luxembourg. The article presents the results of a quantitative and qualitative analysis of the advertisements and discusses how multilingualism in written advertising provides a pertinent window on changing forms of multilingualism in Luxembourg. [less ▲]

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See detailLes petites villes en Lotharingie. Un bilan subjectif de 25 ans de recherches
Pauly, Michel UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

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See detailApproximate Normality of High-Energy Hyperspherical Eigenfunctions
Campese, Simon UL; Marinucci, Domenico; Rossi, Maurizia UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

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See detailEspaces de frontière. Penser et analyser la frontière en tant qu’espace
Wille, Christian UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Les frontières se différencient non seulement en fonction des domaines d'étude où elles sont opérantes ou dans lesquels elles se constituent, mais également en termes de modes de (re)production et de ... [more ▼]

Les frontières se différencient non seulement en fonction des domaines d'étude où elles sont opérantes ou dans lesquels elles se constituent, mais également en termes de modes de (re)production et de formes. Cette communication traitera en premier lieu de la forme de la frontière, sachant que ce n’est pas la frontière territoriale en tant que ligne qui importera, mais plutôt son caractère zonal et la question de savoir comment il est possible de l'aborder dans une perspective théorico-conceptuelle aux fins de l’étude empirique. Il est plus judicieux de considérer les frontières territoriales comme zones ou espaces, la métaphore de la ligne s'avérant une pure fiction. Jusqu’au XVIIIe siècle, les frontières étaient conçues comme des espaces de contact et des zones de transition (convoitées), ce n’est qu’avec l’avènement d’États nationaux modernes que s’établit le concept de frontière comme ligne – sans qu’elle n’ait perdu empiriquement son caractère zonal. C’est ce qu’on peut notamment constater dans les régions transfrontalières où les frontières territoriales ne peuvent se réduire à leur fonction de différenciation ou de passerelle, mais au contraire s’élargissent – comme le montre la mobilité transfrontalière des travailleurs, des consommateurs ainsi que la mobilité résidentielle – se transformant ainsi en zones de l'entre-deux. Ces zones ne peuvent pas être concédées aux espaces situés en deçà et au-delà d’une frontière territoriale, elles représentent en revanche des espaces autonomes, lesdits « espaces de frontière » qui revêtent une identité liminale. L'objet de cette communication est de savoir comment il est possible de décrire et d'étudier de tels espaces que l'on peut observer comme productions quotidiennes. Il s’agit (1) de percevoir de manière conceptuelle le caractère zonal de la frontière, donc la dimension spatiale, (2) le potentiel innovateur et imprévisible de la liminalité et ainsi la contingence sociale. La géographie sociale et la sociologie de la culture en livrent des points de départ pertinents. La mise en relation d’approches concernant l’espace et la pratique sociale issues de ces deux disciplines représente la base du modèle « espaces de frontière » qui permet de penser les frontières en tant qu’espaces et met en place une heuristique destinée à l’étude de constitutions spatiales centrées sur le sujet comme (re)productions des frontières. Les pratiques sociales, la connaissance pratique ainsi que les aspects physico-matériels et socio-structurels tels qu'ils sont appropriés et engendrés par les « frontaliers » dans des références transfrontalières, font partie des catégories d'analyse. [less ▲]

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See detailRealization spaces of algebraic structures on chains
Yalin, Sinan UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Given an algebraic structure on the homology of a chain complex, we define its realization space as a Kan complex whose vertices are the structures up to homotopy realizing this structure at the homology ... [more ▼]

Given an algebraic structure on the homology of a chain complex, we define its realization space as a Kan complex whose vertices are the structures up to homotopy realizing this structure at the homology level. Our algebraic structures are parametrised by props and thus include various kinds of bialgebras. We give a general formula to compute subsets of equivalences classes of realizations as quotients of automorphism groups, and determine the higher homotopy groups via the cohomology of deformation complexes. As a motivating example, we compute subsets of equivalences classes of realizations of Poincar\'e duality for several examples of manifolds. [less ▲]

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See detailIntercultural work environments in Luxembourg. Multilingualism and cultural diversity among cross-border workers at the workplace
Wille, Christian UL; De Bres, Julia UL; Franziskus, Anne

E-print/Working paper (2015)

The trilingual country of Luxembourg accounts for the highest percentage of cross-border workers in the European Union. These workers commute daily from France, Belgium and Germany to Luxembourg. Their ... [more ▼]

The trilingual country of Luxembourg accounts for the highest percentage of cross-border workers in the European Union. These workers commute daily from France, Belgium and Germany to Luxembourg. Their presence in the national labour market results in increasing linguistic and cultural diversity at Luxembourgish workplaces. Drawing upon interview and interactional data, the present contribution is the first to investigate how cross-border workers in Luxembourg perceive and deal with multilingualism and interculturality, and presents a range of related linguistic and intercultural practices. [less ▲]

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See detailLaw, Public Interest and Interpretation: Prolegomena of a Normative Framework on Administrative Discretion in the EU
Mendes, Joana UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

It is conventionally assumed that administrative discretionary decisions are determined by political and expert-driven considerations and that law’s structuring and constraining capacity in that regard is ... [more ▼]

It is conventionally assumed that administrative discretionary decisions are determined by political and expert-driven considerations and that law’s structuring and constraining capacity in that regard is and should be limited. Law defines a space within which discretionary choices are irrelevant to law because they have the same legal value. These tenets have shaped both the ways the Court of Justice of the European Union has approached judicial review of discretion and, more generally, the way law is perceived to structure administrative discretion in the Member States and also in the EU. However, the recent expansion of the regulatory powers of the European Union justifies revisiting these basic axioms. In particular, how far should discretion be shielded from the values that EU law conveys? This paper proposes a normative elaboration of a core idea of public law to stress that law twins administrative discretion with a duty of regard to pre-determined public interests. On this basis, legal rules are able to provide a yardstick of critique of decisions that administrative officials adopt within spaces of discretion. An analysis of the Meroni judgment shows how this argument applies to EU law. But this claim only prepares the ground for a more complex inquiry: How does law operate – and how should it operate – within the spaces of administrative discretion, and how should courts review discretionary decisions? Administrative decision-makers construct the law in a specific institutional context in view of their specific tasks. Arguably, one should understand the specific processes through which they interpret the law to know how law may provide substantive criteria that guide discretionary choices. Such understanding would also be the basis to define and assess suitable degrees of judicial review of administrative discretion. One could then make a critical assessment – difficult to make at present – of the shifting boundaries between spaces of discretion and of judicial review that the dictum “manifest error of assessment, misuse of power or excess of power” conceals. This latter argument draws on the debate among US administrative law scholars on agency interpretation of statutes, but it is also mindful of conceptual distinctions that have prevailed in legal scholarship in Europe. The paper defines the prolegomena of a normative framework of a broader research project. It is work in progress. [less ▲]

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See detailInternational vergleichende Analyse von Einrichtungen und Arbeitszusammenhängen der Interkulturalitätsforschung
Wille, Christian UL; von der Wense, Edwina; Heimböckel, Dieter UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Die vorliegende vergleichende Analyse von Einrichtungen und Arbeitszusammenhängen der Interkulturalitätsforschung wurde im Zuge der Einrichtungen des fakultären Schwerpunktbereichs MIS – Mehrsprachigkeit ... [more ▼]

Die vorliegende vergleichende Analyse von Einrichtungen und Arbeitszusammenhängen der Interkulturalitätsforschung wurde im Zuge der Einrichtungen des fakultären Schwerpunktbereichs MIS – Mehrsprachigkeit und Interkulturelle Studien durchgeführt. Ziel war es zentrale Orientierungspunkte für eine strategische Positionierung und für zukünftige Entwicklungslinien des Schwerpunktbereichs zu gewinnen. Dafür wurden die Internetseiten von 64 vergleichbaren Einrichtungen bzw. Arbeitszusammenhängen der Interkulturalitätsforschung inhaltsanalytisch untersucht. Zur Stichprobe zählen in erster Linie eigenständige Zentren und Institute/Abteilungen aus dem universitären Kontext mit international breit gestreuten Standorten; Arbeitszusammenhänge bzw. Einrichtungen aus dem deutschsprachigen Raum sind besonders gut vertreten. [less ▲]

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