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See detailSpätmittelalterliche Städte in der Großregion SaarLor-Lux (1180-1500)
Penny, Alain; Pauly, Michel UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2010)

Aufgrund von unterschiedlichen natürlichen, politischen und wirtschaftlichen Voraussetzungen lassen sich deutliche Unterschiede in der räumlichen Verteilung und zeitlichen Entwicklung der ... [more ▼]

Aufgrund von unterschiedlichen natürlichen, politischen und wirtschaftlichen Voraussetzungen lassen sich deutliche Unterschiede in der räumlichen Verteilung und zeitlichen Entwicklung der spätmittelalterlichen Städte in der Großregion feststellen. In der Karte "Spätmittelalterliche Städte" sind die Siedlungen dargestellt, die im späten Mittelalter, das heißt in der Zeit zwischen dem frühen 13. Jahrhundert und dem Jahr 1500, als Städte bezeichnet werden konnten. Ausschlaggebend dafür ist die Erfüllung einer Reihe von Kriterien, die durch die Definition der mittelalterlichen Stadt vorgegeben werden. [less ▲]

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See detailLeprosorien in der Großregion SaarLorLux
Uhrmacher, Martin UL; Pauly, Michel UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2010)

Die Lepra ist eine Infektionskrankheit, die höchstwahrscheinlich aus dem Orient stammt und in Mitteleuropa von der Spätantike bis zum Beginn des 19. Jahrhunderts verbreitet war. In dieser Zeit bestanden ... [more ▼]

Die Lepra ist eine Infektionskrankheit, die höchstwahrscheinlich aus dem Orient stammt und in Mitteleuropa von der Spätantike bis zum Beginn des 19. Jahrhunderts verbreitet war. In dieser Zeit bestanden die sogenannten Leprosorien als Institutionen, die speziell der Unterbringung und Versorgung Leprakranker dienten. Insbesondere vom hohen Mittelalter bis in die frühe Neuzeit waren diese Einrichtungen in Europa weit verbreitet. Die Karte zeigt die Verbreitung von Leprosorien von ihren Anfängen im Frühmittelalter bis zum Verschwinden der Krankheit zu Beginn des 19. Jahrhunderts. Bisher wurde nur der westliche Teil der Großregion untersucht. Die östlichen Teile werden später ergänzt. [less ▲]

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See detailProtesting Ethnic Minorities in Europe: A Fuzzy-Set Analysis
Cebotari, Victor UL

E-print/Working paper (2010)

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See detailWho makes the pie bigger? An experimental study on co-opetition
Neugebauer, Tibor UL; Lacomba, Juan A.; Lagos, Francisco

E-print/Working paper (2010)

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See detailGeorges-Louis Leclerc de Buffon’s ‘Essays on Moral Arithmetic
Neugebauer, Tibor UL; Hey, John D.; Pasca, Carmen M

E-print/Working paper (2010)

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See detailContingent Capital: The Case for COERCs
Wolff, Christian UL; Vermaelen, Theo UL; Pennacchi, George

E-print/Working paper (2010)

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See detailModeling structural changes in the volatility process
Lehnert, Thorsten UL; Frijns, Bart; C.J. Zwinkels, Remco

E-print/Working paper (2010)

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See detailLimited Liability, Moral Hazard and Risk Taking - A Safety Net Game Experiment
Neugebauer, Tibor UL; Füllbrunn, Sascha

E-print/Working paper (2010)

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See detailGrenzänderungen in der Großregion SaarLorLux vom Wiener Kongress bis heute
Back, Claude; Pauly, Michel UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2010)

Untersucht werden die Grenzänderungen, die in der Großregion SaarLorLux im Verlauf der letzten 200 Jahre stattgefunden haben. Als Anfangsdatum wurde der Wiener Kongress, der die Neuord-nung in Europa zum ... [more ▼]

Untersucht werden die Grenzänderungen, die in der Großregion SaarLorLux im Verlauf der letzten 200 Jahre stattgefunden haben. Als Anfangsdatum wurde der Wiener Kongress, der die Neuord-nung in Europa zum Ziel hatte, genommen. Als vorläufiges Ende wurde das Jahr 2006 herangezo-gen. Die Geschichte dieser Region, die sich aus unterschiedlichen Ländern zusammensetzt, soll anhand der Entwicklung der Grenzen beschrieben werden. [less ▲]

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See detailOn zero and asymmetric trade flows
Okubo, Toshihiro; Picard, Pierre M. UL; Thisse, Jacques-François

E-print/Working paper (2010)

In this paper we study how the trade costs and the intensity of competition can explain the existence of bilateral trade, unilateral trade and no trade within an industry. We show as trade costs decrease ... [more ▼]

In this paper we study how the trade costs and the intensity of competition can explain the existence of bilateral trade, unilateral trade and no trade within an industry. We show as trade costs decrease from very high to very low values, the global economy moves from autarky to a regime of bilateral trade, through a regime of unilateral trade from the larger to the smaller country. Bilateral or unilateral trade is less likely when the global economy gets more competitive. Finally, the market delivers an outcome in which capital is too much concentrated in the larger country. [less ▲]

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See detailSanté publique en Grande Région SaarLorLux
Funk (Krumm), Ines; Caruso, Geoffrey UL; Helfer, Malte UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2010)

The report examines the medical infrastructure in the Greater Region. It analyses inpatient and outpatient capacities and their geographical distribution. It gives an overview of each health system and ... [more ▼]

The report examines the medical infrastructure in the Greater Region. It analyses inpatient and outpatient capacities and their geographical distribution. It gives an overview of each health system and the particularities of medical care. Finally, it highlights the cooperation in the field of health care, which is becoming increasingly important in the Greater Region. [less ▲]

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See detailLes léproseries en Grande Région SaarLorLux
Uhrmacher, Martin UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL; Helfer, Malte UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2010)

Leprosy is an infectious disease, probably originating in Asia, which was widespread in Central Europe from late antiquity until the modern era. During this period, leprosariums were institutions that ... [more ▼]

Leprosy is an infectious disease, probably originating in Asia, which was widespread in Central Europe from late antiquity until the modern era. During this period, leprosariums were institutions that served, among other things, as accommodation and care facilities for lepers. From the Early Middle Ages to the Modern Era, these institutions were particularly widespread in Europe. [less ▲]

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See detailZones protégées Natura 2000 en Grande Région SaarLorLux
Helfer, Malte UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL; Pauly, Michel UL

E-print/Working paper (2010)

The Natura 2000 system of protected areas is at the heart of the European Union's environment and biodiversity policy. It is an EU network of protected areas under the 1992 Habitats Directive (of 21 May ... [more ▼]

The Natura 2000 system of protected areas is at the heart of the European Union's environment and biodiversity policy. It is an EU network of protected areas under the 1992 Habitats Directive (of 21 May 1992, 92/43/EEC) and the 1979 Birds Directive (of 2 April 1979, 79/409/EEC). [less ▲]

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See detailDas Öffentliche Gesundheitswesen in der Großregion SaarLorLux
Funk, Ines; Pauly, Michel UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2010)

Der Beitrag untersucht die medizinische Infrastruktur in der Großregion. Er analysiert stationäre und ambulante Kapazitäten und deren räumliche Verteilung. Er gibt einen Einblick in die jeweiligen ... [more ▼]

Der Beitrag untersucht die medizinische Infrastruktur in der Großregion. Er analysiert stationäre und ambulante Kapazitäten und deren räumliche Verteilung. Er gibt einen Einblick in die jeweiligen Gesundheitssysteme und Besonderheiten der medizinischen Versorgung. Schließlich werden Kooperationen im Gesundheitswesen betrachtet, die in der Großregion zunehmend an Bedeutung gewinnen. [less ▲]

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See detailL’enseignement supérieur en Grande Région SaarLorLux
Bethscheider, Wolfgang; Helfer, Malte UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2010)

Two cultures, three languages, four education and school systems and five sub-regions exist side by side in the Greater Region SaarLorLux, where different paths are taken to prepare the younger generation ... [more ▼]

Two cultures, three languages, four education and school systems and five sub-regions exist side by side in the Greater Region SaarLorLux, where different paths are taken to prepare the younger generation for working life. Up to now, the education systems differ greatly in their structure, sequence, curriculum, years of study and admission requirements. However, in most cases, in order to enrol at one of these universities or colleges, a secondary school diploma is required. [less ▲]

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See detailGrands équipements sportifs en Grande Région SaarLorLux
Ginet, Pierre; Helfer, Malte UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2010)

Although the first sports facilities date back to Antiquity, the 19th century was marked by their diffusion for the benefit of the wealthy social classes. It was not until the 20th century that the ... [more ▼]

Although the first sports facilities date back to Antiquity, the 19th century was marked by their diffusion for the benefit of the wealthy social classes. It was not until the 20th century that the democratisation and enrichment of society, supported by political will, gave them a boom that has not been denied. Some of these facilities are becoming larger and larger and, in addition to their primary sporting vocation, have other objectives of a cultural (concerts, etc.), recreational (shops, etc.) or professional (seminars, etc.) nature. The boundary between these objectives is becoming tenuous. This makes large sports facilities a new category of geographical objects with considerable stakes in terms of territorial construction. Having become profit centres, sometimes financed solely by the private sector, and more often than not supported by a partnership in which the local authorities relay their development ambitions, they are revealing and are among the most important drivers of the dynamics of the territories in which they are located. [less ▲]

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See detailGrenzgänger in der Großregion 1998-2008
Wille, Christian UL

E-print/Working paper (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 85 (4 UL)
See detailLes hôpitaux médiévaux urbains entre gestion religieuse et gestion laïque
Pauly, Michel UL

E-print/Working paper (2010)

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See detailCity with forward and backward linkages
Picard, Pierre M. UL; Tabuchi, Takatoshi

E-print/Working paper (2010)

This paper considers the spatial structure of a city subject to final demand and vertical linkages. Individuals consume differentiated goods (or services) and firms purchase differentiated inputs (or ... [more ▼]

This paper considers the spatial structure of a city subject to final demand and vertical linkages. Individuals consume differentiated goods (or services) and firms purchase differentiated inputs (or services) in product (or service) markets where forms compete under monopolistic competition. Workers rent their residential lots in an urban land market and contribute to the production of differentiated goods and inputs. We show that firms and workers co-agglomerate and endogenously form a city. We characterize and discuss the spatial distribution of firms and consumers in such cities on one- and twodimensional spaces (linear city and planar city). We show that final demand and vertical linkages raise the urban density and reduce the city spread. We finally show that a city is too much dispersed compared to the social optimum. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Special Education Profession and the Discourse of Learning Disability in Germany
Pfahl, Lisa; Powell, Justin J W UL

E-print/Working paper (2010)

Even today, school segregation continues to be understood as legitimate in Germany. Charting the discourse of learning disability provides insights into special education’s development as a segregated ... [more ▼]

Even today, school segregation continues to be understood as legitimate in Germany. Charting the discourse of learning disability provides insights into special education’s development as a segregated, independent system of school types and the resulting legitimacy that contributes to the maintenance of school segregation throughout educational systems in Germany. We focus on learning disability discourse and knowledge, the special education profession, and the expansion of its main school type, the support school (Hilfsschule), from around 1900 to today. The special education profession exhibits not only junctures but also remarkable historical continuity. As delineated here, a key factor in the continued growth of special education is the authority of the profession with respect to “learning disability” and the discourse that continues to legitimate the classification of pupils as “learning disabled” and the resulting segregated schooling. [less ▲]

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See detailLa sidérurgie et l'industrie de l'acier dans la Grande Région SaarLorLux
Thomes, Paul; Engels, Marc; Helfer, Malte UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2010)

The Greater Region is the cradle of industrialisation in continental Europe. As early as the 1820s, heavy industry and mechanical engineering, the core competencies of the industrialisation process, were ... [more ▼]

The Greater Region is the cradle of industrialisation in continental Europe. As early as the 1820s, heavy industry and mechanical engineering, the core competencies of the industrialisation process, were of considerable economic importance far beyond the region. From the second half of the 19th century onwards, the iron and steel industry shaped the economic structure of the Greater Region for over 150 years. The map traces the history of the iron and steel industry from 1900 to the present day, while the texts relating to the territories set out elements from earlier periods. As in the case of coal mining, the number of production sites has declined more or less continuously during the course of industrialisation and globalisation, while production reached its peak in the early 1970s. [less ▲]

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See detailCase Study Contextual Report 5: Saarland (DERREG – Developing Europe’s Rural Regions in the Era of Globalization)
Jones, Laura; Woods, Michael; Nienaber, Birte UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2010)

This is a short description of globalization in the German federal state of Saarland.

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See detailMabuchi and Aubin-Yau functionals over complex manifolds
Li, Yi UL

E-print/Working paper (2010)

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See detailExploring Dynamic Default Dependence
Jin, Xisong UL; Christoffersen, Peter; Jacobs, Kris et al

E-print/Working paper (2009)

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See detailTourisme de la pompe dans la Grande Région SaarLorLux
Ullrich, Daniel; Helfer, Malte UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2009)

In 2008, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg had 238 service stations, of which 167 (almost three-quarters) were located in the immediate vicinity of the country's border. Luxembourg's relatively small surface ... [more ▼]

In 2008, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg had 238 service stations, of which 167 (almost three-quarters) were located in the immediate vicinity of the country's border. Luxembourg's relatively small surface area suggests that the service stations are all close to the border. However, there are disparities: in the interior of the country, the location of service stations depends for the most part on the geographical distribution of the population and the main transport network. The density of service stations is high in the region of Luxembourg City, the centre and main crossroads of the Grand Duchy where the A1, A3, A4 and A6 radial motorways converge, as well as in the densely populated areas of the south of the country, crossed from east to west by the A13. In the north of the country, however, where the population is lower and the transport infrastructure is still underdeveloped, there are fewer service stations. As the main road north of Ettelbruck is only a national road (N7), this region has no motorway access to neighbouring countries. [less ▲]

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See detailLa Carte de Ferraris (1771-1777)
Helfer, Malte UL; Pauly, Michel UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL

E-print/Working paper (2009)

A historical topographic map from the late 18th century, the Ferraris Map covers Wallonia and the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, then the western part of the Greater SaarLorLux Region. Together with the ... [more ▼]

A historical topographic map from the late 18th century, the Ferraris Map covers Wallonia and the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, then the western part of the Greater SaarLorLux Region. Together with the Tranchot-Müffling Map for the German area and the Cassini Map for the French part, the situation before the revolutionary changes by the industrial revolution can be represented for most of the Greater SaarLorLux Region. In order to explain the Ferraris map for the GR-Atlas extracts from Misson 2005 and Maeyer are assembled here. [less ▲]

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See detailLa Carte de Tranchot et Müffling (1801-1828)
Helfer, Malte UL; Pauly, Michel UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL

E-print/Working paper (2009)

A historical topographic map from the early 19th century, the Tranchot and v. Müffling map covers most of the German part of the Greater SaarLorLux Region. Müffling covers most of the German part of the ... [more ▼]

A historical topographic map from the early 19th century, the Tranchot and v. Müffling map covers most of the German part of the Greater SaarLorLux Region. Müffling covers most of the German part of the Greater SaarLorLux Region. Together with the Cassini Map for the French part and the Ferraris Map for Wallonia and the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the situation before the revolutionary changes by the industrial revolution can be represented for most of the Greater SaarLorLux Region. In order to explain the map of Tranchot and v. Müffling for the GR-Atlas extracts from Carl, Marie-Luise 2004: "Der Hintergrund zur Kartenaufnahme der Rheinlande durch Tranchot und von Müffling im Spiegel einer Inschrift", largely based on Schmidt, R. 1973 and Effertz, P. 1990, are assembled here. [less ▲]

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See detailChallenging Wolf Packs: Thoughts on Efficient Enforcement of Shareholder Transparency Rules
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL

E-print/Working paper (2009)

Abstract: The key issue concerning shareholder transparency rules, and the related rules on acting in concert (Europe), or the voting group concept (U.S.) is enforcement. Rather than thinking about ... [more ▼]

Abstract: The key issue concerning shareholder transparency rules, and the related rules on acting in concert (Europe), or the voting group concept (U.S.) is enforcement. Rather than thinking about appropriate enforcement measures, jurisdictions such as the UK and Switzerland decided in favor of Economic Ownership Disclosure. The current debate in the U.S., on the European and national level of some European jurisdictions is moving in the same direction. This article examines a different option which is the better enforcement of existing transparency rules. In order to counter secret acquisition strategies, similar to antitrust leniency and “protected disclosure” (i.e. whistle blowing) rules, governments are best advised to assign a reward for disclosure. Under the reward model presented here, the initial stock price reaction reflects the value of the information previously hidden from the market. The first participant of a scheme who discloses the holdings of all scheme participants is to be assigned the difference between the price of the target’s voting shares ex ante and ex post disclosure, calculated on the basis of the participants' joint holdings of shares (Announcement Premium). Distinguishing between schemes based on the equity value of the parties involved (Equity Strategy) – commonly referred to as wolf packs - and schemes where an acquirer seeks to create a large stake based on derivatives (Service Strategy), assigning the Announcement Premium to the first entity disclosing the scheme’s holding and intentions is likely to counter Equity Strategies efficiently. The Service Strategy is countered effectively by granting the Announcement Premium to agents that act on behalf of the intermediaries (i.e. to bank employees). [less ▲]

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See detailLe transport public transfrontalier dans la Grande Région SaarLorLux
Helfer, Malte UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL; Pauly, Michel UL

E-print/Working paper (2009)

Cross-border peri-urban public transport is primarily a reflection of daily migration between the labour markets of the different parts of the Greater Region. between the labour markets of the different ... [more ▼]

Cross-border peri-urban public transport is primarily a reflection of daily migration between the labour markets of the different parts of the Greater Region. between the labour markets of the different parts of the Greater Region. Of the 196,000 commuters (2008), about 15% now use cross-border public transport, which has been steadily expanded in recent years. But 85% still use their car, which often offers time advantages for long connections, especially in the case of public transport transfers with changes. Although trains and buses are commonly used for different trips (shopping, excursions, etc.), the concentration of traffic hours usually observed at the beginning and end of the day suggests that day-trippers are the main users. The main purpose of the cross-border lines is to serve Luxembourg (where the labour market has developed considerably in recent decades) from the former industrial areas of Lorraine, Longwy and Thionville, Wallonia, the Trier region and Saarland. [less ▲]

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See detailLes cartes de l’occupation du sol de la Grande Région SaarLorLux de CORINE Landcover
Helfer, Malte UL; Pauly, Michel UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL

E-print/Working paper (2009)

The maps show soil images taken by satellite in 1990, 2000 and 2006 as part of the European CORINE Land Cover research project. European research project CORINE Land Cover. The smallest unit shown covers ... [more ▼]

The maps show soil images taken by satellite in 1990, 2000 and 2006 as part of the European CORINE Land Cover research project. European research project CORINE Land Cover. The smallest unit shown covers an area of of 25 hectares. Until a few decades ago, it was generally assumed that human activities had little impact on the soil because of nature's capacity for regeneration. However, the practice of agriculture over the centuries has led to irreversible changes in some areas. In the recent past, the development of housing and the construction of transport routes has increasingly led to the sealing of the soil. It is only in recent decades that people have become aware of the need to monitor changes in land use. Amongst other things, there has been a growing desertification of certain regions, the rapid disappearance of forests, the increasing drying up of wetlands and the continuous expansion of urbanised areas along the coast. [less ▲]

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See detailLa Carte de Cassini (1750-1815)
Helfer, Malte UL; Pauly, Michel UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL

E-print/Working paper (2009)

A historical topographic map from the end of the 18th respectively the beginning of the 19th century, the Cassini Map covers the French part of the Greater SaarLorLux Region. Together with the Tranchot ... [more ▼]

A historical topographic map from the end of the 18th respectively the beginning of the 19th century, the Cassini Map covers the French part of the Greater SaarLorLux Region. Together with the Tranchot-Müffling Map for the German area and the Ferraris Map for Wallonia and the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the situation before the revolutionary changes by the industrial revolution can be represented for most of the Greater SaarLorLux Region. In order to explain the Cassini map for the GR-Atlas extracts from the indicated sources are assembled. [less ▲]

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See detailDie Tranchot-Müffling-Karte (1801-1828)
Helfer, Malte UL; Pauly, Michel UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2009)

Die Tranchot-Müffling-Karte deckt als historische topographische Karte aus dem frühen 19. Jahrhundert den deutschen Teil der Großregion SaarLorLux ab. Gemeinsam mit der Cassini-Karte für den französischen ... [more ▼]

Die Tranchot-Müffling-Karte deckt als historische topographische Karte aus dem frühen 19. Jahrhundert den deutschen Teil der Großregion SaarLorLux ab. Gemeinsam mit der Cassini-Karte für den französischen Bereich sowie der Ferraris-Karte für den wallonischen Teil sowie das Großherzogtum Luxemburg kann so die Situation fast der gesamten Großregion SaarLorLux vor den umwälzenden Veränderungen durch die industrielle Revolution dargestellt werden. [less ▲]

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See detailLe climat de la Grande-Région SaarLorLux
Pfister, Laurent UL; Helfer, Malte UL; Pauly, Michel UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2009)

The two maps show the climate normals for average annual temperature and precipitation in the Greater Region for the period 1971 to 2000. Subject to natural variability, the weather conditions encountered ... [more ▼]

The two maps show the climate normals for average annual temperature and precipitation in the Greater Region for the period 1971 to 2000. Subject to natural variability, the weather conditions encountered over the days and seasons characterise the climate of a region. For obvious reasons of representativeness, the mathematical expression of the climate in terms of average, maximum or minimum values of various variables (precipitation, temperatures, etc.) must necessarily cover a whole range of conditions, which may be distinguished by very contrasting frequencies of occurrence. [less ▲]

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See detailTime-Variation in Term Permia: International Survey-Based Evidence
Wolff, Christian UL; Jongen, Ron; F.C. Verschoor, Willem

E-print/Working paper (2009)

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See detailDispersion of Beliefs in the Foreign Exchange Market
Wolff, Christian UL; Jongen, Ron; Willem F.C., Verschoor et al

E-print/Working paper (2009)

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See detailGrenzüberschreitender öffentlicher Personennahverkehr in der Großregion SaarLorLux
Helfer, Malte UL; Pauly, Michel UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2009)

Die Karte zeigt die grenzüberschreitenden Verbindungen des öffentlichen Personennahverkehrs in der Großregion SaarLorLux mit Bus und Bahn. Die Binnenverbindungen sind nicht dargestellt. Der ... [more ▼]

Die Karte zeigt die grenzüberschreitenden Verbindungen des öffentlichen Personennahverkehrs in der Großregion SaarLorLux mit Bus und Bahn. Die Binnenverbindungen sind nicht dargestellt. Der grenzüberschreitende Personennahverkehr reflektiert vor allem die internationalen Pendelbeziehungen zwischen den einzelnen Teilarbeitsmärkten der Großregion. Von den rund 196 000 Pendlern (2008) benutzen inzwischen etwa 15% den grenzüberschreitenden öffentlichen Nahverkehr, der in den letzten Jahren imnmer weiter ausgebaut wurde. 85% nutzen weiterhin den Pkw, der bei den oft weiten Pendelentfernungen insbesondere gegenüber Umsteigeverbindungen des ÖPNV Zeitvorteile bietet. [less ▲]

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See detailEnforcement of EU law and national criminal law – Legal Problems in Composite Procedures
Hofmann, Herwig UL

E-print/Working paper (2009)

The growing inter-relatedness between EC and EU law with national criminal law can be well illustrated with the example of enforcement of EU law. Criminal law is one of the latest examples of increasing ... [more ▼]

The growing inter-relatedness between EC and EU law with national criminal law can be well illustrated with the example of enforcement of EU law. Criminal law is one of the latest examples of increasing European integration within the perimeters of explicit competences of EU/EC law which additionally is driven ahead by what functionalist theories of European integration might refer to as a spill-over of approaches. Necessities of crossborder crime and criminal enforcement make cooperation necessary. The latter takes place to a certain degree on the basis of positive law established on the basis of the Treaties. It also takes place in the context of evolutionary development of what one might refer to as ‘administrative networks.’ [less ▲]

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See detailThéorie des représentations du groupe symétrique
Hilger, Patrick; Poncin, Norbert UL

E-print/Working paper (2009)

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See detailTanktourismus in der Großregion SaarLorLux
Ullrich, Daniel; Pauly, Michel UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2009)

Das Großherzogtum Luxemburg verfügte im Jahr 2008 über 238 Tankstellen. Allein 167 davon - knapp drei Viertel - liegen in unmittelbarer Nähe zur Landesgrenze. Hier kam es in den letzten Jahrzehnten zu ... [more ▼]

Das Großherzogtum Luxemburg verfügte im Jahr 2008 über 238 Tankstellen. Allein 167 davon - knapp drei Viertel - liegen in unmittelbarer Nähe zur Landesgrenze. Hier kam es in den letzten Jahrzehnten zu einer unverhältnismäßig hohen Konzentration von Tankstellen als Folge des internationalen Tanktourismus, eines Phänomens, das sich aus dem deutlichen Preisvorteil des Kraftstoffs in Luxemburg gegenüber seinen Nachbarländern ergibt. [less ▲]

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Peer Reviewed
See detailIda Gotkovsky
Sagrillo, Damien UL

E-print/Working paper (2009)

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See detailConstitutionalising Networks in EU Public Law
Hofmann, Herwig UL

E-print/Working paper (2009)

This paper has as objective to review some consequences of understanding EU law as the law of an integrated legal order. It does so in order to foster an understanding of EU public law beyond the ... [more ▼]

This paper has as objective to review some consequences of understanding EU law as the law of an integrated legal order. It does so in order to foster an understanding of EU public law beyond the traditional concepts of the EU as a quasi federal system or merely a refined international organization, a constitutional or an administrative legal order. This paper’s objective is to initiate some reflection on what might be a step beyond imagining EU public law from traditional perspectives. It is a piece of work in progress, a contribution to on ongoing debate and reflection. [less ▲]

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See detailA Cumulative Prospect Theory Approach to Option Pricing
Lehnert, Thorsten UL; Wolff, Christian UL; Versluis, Cokki

E-print/Working paper (2009)

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See detailCurrency Unions and International Assistance
Picard, Pierre M. UL; Worrall, Tim

E-print/Working paper (2009)

This paper considers a simple stochastic model of international trade with three countries. Two of the tree countries are in an economic union. Comparisons are made between equilibrium welfare for these ... [more ▼]

This paper considers a simple stochastic model of international trade with three countries. Two of the tree countries are in an economic union. Comparisons are made between equilibrium welfare for these two countries under fixed and flexible exchange rate regimes. Within the model it is shown that flexible exchange rate regimes generate greater welfare. However, we then consider comparisons of welfare when the two countries also engage in some international assistance in order to share risk. Such risksharing is limited by enforcement constraints of cross border assistance. It is shown that, when one takes into account risk-sharing and limited commitment, fixed exchange rate regimes associated with a currency area can dominate flexible exchange rate regimes, which reverses the standard result. [less ▲]

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See detailDie Ferraris-Karte (1771-1777)
Helfer, Malte UL; Pauly, Michel UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2009)

Die Ferraris-Karte deckt als historische topographische Karte aus dem späten 18. Jahrhundert den wallonischen und luxemburgischen Teil der Großregion SaarLorLux ab. Gemeinsam mit der Cassini-Karte für den ... [more ▼]

Die Ferraris-Karte deckt als historische topographische Karte aus dem späten 18. Jahrhundert den wallonischen und luxemburgischen Teil der Großregion SaarLorLux ab. Gemeinsam mit der Cassini-Karte für den französischen Bereich sowie der Tranchot-Müffling-Karte für den deutschen Teil kann so die Situation fast der gesamten Großregion SaarLorLux vor den umwälzenden Veränderungen durch die industrielle Revolution dargestellt werden. [less ▲]

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See detailDie Bodennutzungskarten der Großregion SaarLorLux von CORINE Landcover
Helfer, Malte UL; Pauly, Michel UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2009)

Die Karte zeigt für das Projekt CORINE Land Cover aufbereitete Aufnahmen der Bodenbedeckung des Satelliten Landsat 7 aus den Jahren 1990, 2000 und 2006. Die kleinste dargestellte Einheit umfasst 25 Hektar ... [more ▼]

Die Karte zeigt für das Projekt CORINE Land Cover aufbereitete Aufnahmen der Bodenbedeckung des Satelliten Landsat 7 aus den Jahren 1990, 2000 und 2006. Die kleinste dargestellte Einheit umfasst 25 Hektar, entsprechend 5x5mm im Maßstab 1:100 000. Die Mindestbreite einer linienförmigen Einheit beträgt 100m. [less ▲]

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See detailDas Klima der Großregion SaarLorLux
Pfister, Laurent; Pauly, Michel UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2009)

Die beiden Klimakarten der Großregion, die hier beschrieben werden, zeigen die Jahresmitteltemperaturen und das Jahresmittel der Niederschläge für den Zeitraum von 1971 bis 2000.

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See detailBehavioral Heterogeneity in the Option Market
Lehnert, Thorsten UL; Frijns, Bart; Zwinkels, Remco

E-print/Working paper (2009)

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See detailSeven Challenges for EU Administrative Law
Hofmann, Herwig UL

E-print/Working paper (2009)

This contribution has the objective to reflect on existing and impending challenges to EU public law from an administrative perspective. This will be undertaken against the fast-paced developments of the ... [more ▼]

This contribution has the objective to reflect on existing and impending challenges to EU public law from an administrative perspective. This will be undertaken against the fast-paced developments of the past 50 years linking various levels of government and administration in the Member States and the EU to administrative networks which are active also on the international scene. In this context, European administrative law has grown and evolved and has become an important, yet often not very fully understood, factor shaping the reality of policy implementation in the EU. [less ▲]

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See detailDie Cassini-Karte (1750-1815)
Helfer, Malte UL; Pauly, Michel UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2009)

Die Cassini-Karte deckt als historische topographische Karte aus dem späten 18. bzw. frühen 19. Jahrhundert den französischen Teil der Großregion SaarLorLux ab. Gemeinsam mit der Tranchot-Müffling-Karte ... [more ▼]

Die Cassini-Karte deckt als historische topographische Karte aus dem späten 18. bzw. frühen 19. Jahrhundert den französischen Teil der Großregion SaarLorLux ab. Gemeinsam mit der Tranchot-Müffling-Karte für den deutschen Bereich sowie der Ferraris-Karte für den wallonischen Teil sowie das Großherzogtum Luxemburg kann so die Situation fast der gesamten Großregion SaarLorLux vor den umwälzenden Veränderungen durch die industrielle Revolution dargestellt werden. [less ▲]

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See detailGood Administration in EU Law and the European Code of Good Administrative Behaviour
Mendes, Joana UL

E-print/Working paper (2009)

The Code of Good Administrative Behaviour has passed fairly unnoticed in academic research on the principle of good administration. However, it is an important source to understand the meaning of this ... [more ▼]

The Code of Good Administrative Behaviour has passed fairly unnoticed in academic research on the principle of good administration. However, it is an important source to understand the meaning of this principle and concept in European administrative law, since it encompasses some of its dimensions that tend to be overlooked by the case law of the European Courts and also by European law scholars. Furthermore, contrary to what recent developments let believe – namely, the fact that the Commission refuses to put forth a proposal for a European regulation that would make the provisions of the Code binding – the Code remains relevant to map possible legal developments regarding good administration. The article1 explains the reasons and meaning of the link between the Code and Article 41 of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights, analyses the complexity and uncertainty of the concept “good administration”, characterises its different legal and non-legal facets highlighting the interconnections between them. In addition, it demonstrates how these different layers are reflected in the Code, underlines the Code’s links with previous EU law developments, its added legal value and the functions it currently performs, considering also the different paths through which further legal, binding developments could derive from the Code. [less ▲]

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See detailComparing the Relationship between Vocational and Higher Education in Germany and France
Powell, Justin J W UL; Coutrot, Laurence; Graf, Lukas UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2009)

A number of European initiatives aim to create a European educational space, including vocational training and higher education. Following the logic of difference, we ask whether, despite their different ... [more ▼]

A number of European initiatives aim to create a European educational space, including vocational training and higher education. Following the logic of difference, we ask whether, despite their different institutionalization, these two sectors in France and Germany react similarly to the Europe-wide Copenhagen and Bologna processes. We compare the relationship between vocational education and training (VET) and higher education (HE), contrasting a number of influential typologies. Analyzing the current situation, we ask whether these differences in postsecondary education and training systems continue to exist. [less ▲]

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See detailZwei IT-Sicherheitsmethoden im Vergleich: Mehari versus BSI IT-Grundschutz
Dagorn, Nathalie; Schiltz, Jang UL

E-print/Working paper (2008)

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See detailEssor et déclin de l'exploitation du charbon dans la Grande Région SaarLorLux
Helfer, Malte UL; Pauly, Michel UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL

E-print/Working paper (2008)

Coal mining plays a special role in the creation of the Greater Region. After the Second World War, the Schuman Plan, which provided for mutual control of the production of coal and steel (important ... [more ▼]

Coal mining plays a special role in the creation of the Greater Region. After the Second World War, the Schuman Plan, which provided for mutual control of the production of coal and steel (important products for the conduct of the war) and the maintenance of these production factors, which were indispensable for reconstruction, led in 1951 to the signing of the ECSC Treaty (European Coal and Steel Community), which constituted the first stage in the construction of the European Union. The "Saar-Lor-Lux" region drawn up in 1969 by Hubertus Rolshoven, Chairman and CEO of Saarbergwerke AG, was the "preliminary stage" of the Greater Region institutionalised in 1980; this mining region was integrated into the cross-border triangle of Saarland, Lorraine and Luxembourg. [less ▲]

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See detailLa production en verre et cristal dans la Grande Région SaarLorLux
Mendgen, Eva; Pauly, Michel UL; Helfer, Malte UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2008)

Since the beginning of the 15th century, glassmaking has been one of the most important and dynamic production sectors in the Greater Region. Located in the heart of Europe and divided between German and ... [more ▼]

Since the beginning of the 15th century, glassmaking has been one of the most important and dynamic production sectors in the Greater Region. Located in the heart of Europe and divided between German and French influences, the glassworks represented (and still represent today) a major geopolitical stake. Despite conditions made difficult by successive wars and border shifts, some of the most important glass and crystal factories in Europe in terms of size, activity and innovation were created from the 18th century onwards. [less ▲]

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See detailApplying the Varieties of Capitalism Approach to Higher Education. A Case Study of the Internationalisation Strategies of German and British Universities
Graf, Lukas UL

E-print/Working paper (2008)

In recent years the global market for higher education has expanded rapidly while internationalisation strategies have been developed at university, national, as well as European levels, all with the aim ... [more ▼]

In recent years the global market for higher education has expanded rapidly while internationalisation strategies have been developed at university, national, as well as European levels, all with the aim to increase the competitiveness of higher education institutions. This paper asks how different institutional settings explain distinct national patterns found in the internationalisation of universities, observed to be based largely on either market coordination or strategic interaction of the involved actors. Existing concepts from the Varieties of Capitalism literature, such as institutional complementarity and comparative institutional advantage, are introduced to the comparative study of higher education systems and applied to develop a theoretical framework for an institutional analysis of university strategies in the global market for higher education. In a case study, the analytical framework is then deployed to contrast the internationalisation of universities in Germany and the United Kingdom. The internationalisation processes reflect the mode of coordination in the respective higher education systems and national models of capitalism. Further insights are that the conceptual toolbox of the Varieties of Capitalism approach can be fruitfully applied to higher education, and that it is possible to enhance the framework by adding the state as a significant factor in differentiation. [less ▲]

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See detailSpace-time patterns of urban sprawl, a 1D cellular automata and microeconomic approach
Caruso, Geoffrey UL; Peeters, Dominique; Cavailhès, Jean et al

E-print/Working paper (2008)

We present a theoretical model of residential growth that emphasizes the path-dependent nature of urban sprawl patterns. The model is founded on the monocentric urban economic model and uses a cellular ... [more ▼]

We present a theoretical model of residential growth that emphasizes the path-dependent nature of urban sprawl patterns. The model is founded on the monocentric urban economic model and uses a cellular automata (CA) approach to introduce endogenous neighbourhood effects. Households are assumed to both like and dislike the density of their neighbourhood, and trade-off this density with housing space consumption and commuting costs. Discontinuous spatial patterns emerge from that trade-off, with the size of suburban clusters varying with time and distance to the centre. We use space-time diagrams inspired from 1D elementary CA to visualize changes in spatial patterns through time and space, and undertake sensitivity analyses to show how the pattern and timing of sprawl are affected by neighbourhood preferences, income level, commuting costs or by imposing a green belt. [less ▲]

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See detailFamiliennamen aus der Berufsbezeichnung für den Glaser
Kollmann, Cristian UL; Pauly, Michel UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2008)

Die Karte stellt die Verbreitung der Varianten des Familiennamens Glesener / Glaser / Glasmacher in der Großregion SaarLorLux dar. Sie ist ein Beispiel für Ergebnisse des FNR-Projektes "Luxemburgischer ... [more ▼]

Die Karte stellt die Verbreitung der Varianten des Familiennamens Glesener / Glaser / Glasmacher in der Großregion SaarLorLux dar. Sie ist ein Beispiel für Ergebnisse des FNR-Projektes "Luxemburgischer Familiennamenatlas" (LFA, Peter Gilles). Der Teilraum Lothringen ist bisher noch unberücksichtigt. Das Ziel des "Luxemburgischen Familiennamenatlas" (LFA) besteht darin, die Verbreitung der Familiennamen in Luxemburg und in den Nachbarregionen zu dokumentieren, um in einem zweiten Schritt eventuelle Rückschlüsse auf die Sprach- und Siedlungsgeschichte und auf Phänomene des historischen Sprachkontakts schließen zu können. Auch soll herausgefunden werden, welche Familiennamen typisch für Luxemburg sind und ob bzw. worin sich diese von Namen in anderen Untersuchungsgebieten unterscheiden. [less ▲]

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See detailAufschwung und Niedergang des Steinkohlenbergbaus in der Großregion SaarLorLux
Helfer, Malte UL; Pauly, Michel UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2008)

Die Karte zeigt die Verbreitung der ehemaligen Steinkohlengruben der Großregion in der wallonischen und der saarländisch-lothringischen Lagerstätte von etwa 1800 bis heute. Nach der Schließung des letzten ... [more ▼]

Die Karte zeigt die Verbreitung der ehemaligen Steinkohlengruben der Großregion in der wallonischen und der saarländisch-lothringischen Lagerstätte von etwa 1800 bis heute. Nach der Schließung des letzten wallonischen Bergwerks Sainte Catherine du Roton 1984 und des letzten Lothringer Bergwerks La Houve 2004 endete 2012 mit der Stilllegung des Bergwerks Saar in Ensdorf der Steinkohlenbergbau in der Großregion SaarLorLux endgültig. Insgesamt wurden in den wallonischen Revieren über die Jahrhunderte rund 2 Mrd. t Kohle gefördert, im Saarland 1,5 Mrd. t und in Lothringen 800 Mio. t. [less ▲]

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See detailInteger Complexity: Breaking the θ(n2) barrier
Venkatesh, Srinivas Vivek UL; B. R., Shankar

E-print/Working paper (2008)

The \textit{integer complexity} of a positive integer $n$, denoted $f(n)$, is defined as the least number of 1's required to represent $n$, using only 1's, the addition and multiplication operators, and ... [more ▼]

The \textit{integer complexity} of a positive integer $n$, denoted $f(n)$, is defined as the least number of 1's required to represent $n$, using only 1's, the addition and multiplication operators, and the parentheses. The running time of the algorithm currently used to compute $f(n)$ is $\Theta(n^{2})$. In this paper we present an algorithm with $\Theta(n^{\log_{2}3})$ as its running time. We also present a proof of the theorem: the largest solutions of $f(m)=3k,\,3k\pm1$ are, respectively, $m=3^{k},\,3^{k}\pm3^{k-1}$. [less ▲]

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See detailInternationalization of Vocational and Higher Education Systems — A Comparative-Institutional Approach
Powell, Justin J W UL; Solga, Heike

E-print/Working paper (2008)

This paper sketches a comparative-institutional approach that seeks to enhance our understanding of internationalization and the resultant national dynamics of institutional change in vocational and ... [more ▼]

This paper sketches a comparative-institutional approach that seeks to enhance our understanding of internationalization and the resultant national dynamics of institutional change in vocational and higher education systems. Focusing on change at the nexus of general and vocational skill formation institutions, we discuss shifts in the relationship between higher education and vocational training systems. How are such national systems responding to the exogenous pressures of international diffusion and Europe-wide Bologna and Copenhagen processes more specifically? Changes in the competition between the differentially institutionalized organizational fields of general and vocational education also imply the adjustment of individual pathways, participation rates, and life chances. Three complementary studies serve to compare and contrast the transformation of Germany’s vocational and higher education systems. The comparison of Germany, Great Britain and the United States analyzes the diffusion and cross-national transfer of educational models in specific historical periods. To highlight different national responses to internationalization and Europeanization, Germany will also be compared with Switzerland and Austria as well as with France. If the first study charts primarily the origins of models to be emulated because of their global salience (cultural-cognitive dimension), then the second and third comparative studies analyze the normative and regulative dimensions, showing the consequences of institutional change processes for the on-going competition between these organizational fields. [less ▲]

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See detailLaw, corporate governance and financial system: Econometric analysis of French case
Guigou, Jean-Daniel UL; Boughanmi, Afef; Blazy, Régis UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2008)

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See detailLoss Functions in Option Valuation: A Framework for Selection
Lehnert, Thorsten UL; Wolff, Christian UL; Bams, Dennis

E-print/Working paper (2008)

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See detailGeld aus der Region für die Region
Nienaber, Birte UL

E-print/Working paper (2008)

m 1. Juni 1998 nahm die Europäische Zentralbank ihre Arbeit auf, und das Europäische System der Zentralbanken startete die Vorbereitungen zur Einführung der Währungsunion. Zehn Jahre später gibt es in ... [more ▼]

m 1. Juni 1998 nahm die Europäische Zentralbank ihre Arbeit auf, und das Europäische System der Zentralbanken startete die Vorbereitungen zur Einführung der Währungsunion. Zehn Jahre später gibt es in Deutschland jedoch 33 Regionen mit eigenen Währungen. Über 40 weitere Initiativen planen, regionales Geld – in Konkurrenz zum Euro – in Umlauf zu bringen. Die so genannten Regios sollen die lokale Wirtschaft stärken und negative Folgen der Globalisierung mindern. [less ▲]

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See detailNoms de famille issus du métier du verrier (all. « Glaser »)
Kollmann, Christian; Helfer, Malte UL; Pauly, Michel UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2008)

The map shows the distribution of the surname Glesener / Glaser / Glasmacher in the Greater Region SaarLorLux. It is an example of the results of the FNR project "Luxemburgischer Familiennamenatlas". The ... [more ▼]

The map shows the distribution of the surname Glesener / Glaser / Glasmacher in the Greater Region SaarLorLux. It is an example of the results of the FNR project "Luxemburgischer Familiennamenatlas". The Lorraine region has not yet been studied. The aim of the "Luxemburgischer Familiennamenatlas" (LFA) is to document the distribution of surnames in Luxembourg and neighbouring regions, in order to draw possible conclusions about the history of language and settlement and about historical language contact phenomena. The study also attempts to determine which surnames are typical for Luxembourg and, if applicable, how these names differ from those of the other regions studied. [less ▲]

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See detailAn Experimental Analysis of Optimal Renewable Resource Management:The Fishery
Neugebauer, Tibor UL; Hey, John D; Sadrieh, Abdolkarim

E-print/Working paper (2008)

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See detailAre Capital Controls in the Foreign Exchange Market Effective?
Wolff, Christian UL; Straetmans, Stefan T.M.; Versteeg, Roald J.

E-print/Working paper (2008)

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See detailRegulation on Advertising, Sponsorship, Teleshopping and Self-Promotion
Cole, Mark UL

E-print/Working paper (2008)

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See detailFrom the Dynamically Nanostructured Liquid to the Glassy State: A Phenomenological Approach
Krüger, Jan-Kristian UL; Petersson, J.; Baller, Jörg UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2008)

Based on experimental evidences we present a phenomenological description of the thermal glass transition as a dynamical phase transition. Different susceptibilities calculated on the basis of this ... [more ▼]

Based on experimental evidences we present a phenomenological description of the thermal glass transition as a dynamical phase transition. Different susceptibilities calculated on the basis of this description are in good qualitative agreement with experimental data. As an essential feature this novel view of the glass transition reflects the kinetic as well as the transition aspect of the thermal glass transition. [less ▲]

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See detailLe culte de Notre-Dame de Luxembourg
Kmec, Sonja UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL; Helfer, Malte UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2008)

In the 16th and 17th centuries, the Catholic Counter-Reformation attempted to regain lost ground and strengthen ecclesiastical authority. In Luxembourg, a southern province of the Netherlands ravaged by ... [more ▼]

In the 16th and 17th centuries, the Catholic Counter-Reformation attempted to regain lost ground and strengthen ecclesiastical authority. In Luxembourg, a southern province of the Netherlands ravaged by religious struggles and civil wars, the Society of Jesus worked to revive popular piety by developing the Marian cult. In 1624, Father Jacques Broquart erected a statue of the Virgin on the "glacis", in front of the walls of the Luxembourg fortress. The cult of the "Consoler of the Afflicted" spread rapidly, supported by accounts of miraculous cures and the articles of piety (pictures and medals) that the Jesuit fathers distributed. The map shows the veneration of Our Lady of Luxembourg (Virgin Consoler of the Afflicted or Consolatrix Afflictorum) from the 17th century onwards through the example of the chapels, altars and statues dedicated to her. [less ▲]

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See detailMiraculés de Notre-Dame de Luxembourg au 17e siècle
Andriani, Giovanni; Helfer, Malte UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2008)

Founded on the initiative of Father Brocquart, with the support of Governor Berlaymont, the chapel of Our Lady, Consoler of the Afflicted, became in the space of only a few years, the shrine of the Lady ... [more ▼]

Founded on the initiative of Father Brocquart, with the support of Governor Berlaymont, the chapel of Our Lady, Consoler of the Afflicted, became in the space of only a few years, the shrine of the Lady, Consoler of the Afflicted, has become, in the space of a few years, the most visited shrine in the the most visited shrine in the region. Its influence was such that the cult was exported to the regions bordering the duchy. In 1626, the miraculous healing of Jacques Brocquart, who was suffering from the plague, caused such a stir that pilgrims flocked from the four corners of the duchy to ask for a divine favour, even before the chapel was completed. The aim of the map is to highlight the spatial dimension of the reports on the miracles of Notre Dame de Luxembourg during the first half of the 17th century. [less ▲]

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See detailWunderheilungen Unserer Lieben Frau von Luxemburg im 17. Jahrhundert
Andriani, Giovanni; Pauly, Michel UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2008)

Die Karte zeigt die räumliche Ausbreitung der Berichte über Wunderheilungen durch Unsere Liebe Frau von Luxemburg in der ersten Hälfte des 17. Jahrhunderts. Nach der Begründung des Kults durch den ... [more ▼]

Die Karte zeigt die räumliche Ausbreitung der Berichte über Wunderheilungen durch Unsere Liebe Frau von Luxemburg in der ersten Hälfte des 17. Jahrhunderts. Nach der Begründung des Kults durch den Jesuitenpater Jacques Brocquart 1624 kamen die Pilger von immer weiter her, um sich eine göttliche Gnade zu erbitten und machten die Kapelle so zu einem regionalen Pilgerzentrum. [less ▲]

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See detailGlas- und Kristallerzeugung in der Großregion SaarLor-Lux
Mendgen, Eva; Pauly, Michel UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2008)

Die Kunst des Glasmachens gehört seit dem Beginn des 15. Jahrhunderts zu den wichtigsten und erfolgreichsten Industriezweigen der Großregion. Die für die Glasherstellung benötigten Rohstoffe waren im ... [more ▼]

Die Kunst des Glasmachens gehört seit dem Beginn des 15. Jahrhunderts zu den wichtigsten und erfolgreichsten Industriezweigen der Großregion. Die für die Glasherstellung benötigten Rohstoffe waren im Überfluss vorhanden, die jeweiligen Landesherren förderten die Ansiedlung der Glasmacher. Von Südlothringen aus verbreitete sich die Kunst des Glasmachens in Richtung Norden, an die Saar und nach Wallonien. Eine besondere Herausforderung für Regierende, Unternehmer (Investoren) und Arbeiter bedeutet(e) die geopolitische Lage der Glashütten im Herzen Europas, zwischen deutschem und französischem Einflussbereich. Trotz der durch zahlreiche Kriege und Grenzverschiebungen erschwerten Bedingungen entstanden am Westrand der Vogesen, im Bitscher Land, an der Saar und in Wallonien ab dem 18. Jahrhundert einige der wichtigsten, größten und innovativsten Glas- und Kristallglashütten Europas. Einige von ihnen setzen bis heute weltweit Qualitätsmaßstäbe in Handwerk und Design. [less ▲]

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See detailDie Verehrung Unserer Lieben Frau von Luxemburg
Kmec, Sonja UL; Pauly, Michel UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2008)

Die Karte zeigt die Verbreitung der Verehrung Unserer Lieben Frau von Luxemburg (Trösterin der Betrübten oder Consolatrix Afflictorum) seit dem 17. Jahrhundert am Beispiel der Kapellen, Altäre und Statuen ... [more ▼]

Die Karte zeigt die Verbreitung der Verehrung Unserer Lieben Frau von Luxemburg (Trösterin der Betrübten oder Consolatrix Afflictorum) seit dem 17. Jahrhundert am Beispiel der Kapellen, Altäre und Statuen, die ihr gewidmet wurden. [less ▲]

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See detailOn maximal independent sets in circulant digraphs
Bisdorff, Raymond UL

E-print/Working paper (2007)

In this research note we introduce St-Nicolas graphs, i.e. circulant digraphs showing exactly n maximal independent sets, isomorph under the digraph’s automorphisms group. This class of digraphs represent ... [more ▼]

In this research note we introduce St-Nicolas graphs, i.e. circulant digraphs showing exactly n maximal independent sets, isomorph under the digraph’s automorphisms group. This class of digraphs represent a generalisation of Andrásfai graphs with interesting links to finite group theory. [less ▲]

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See detailNaturräumliche Gliederung der Großregion SaarLorLux
Schneider, Thomas; Pauly, Michel UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2007)

The paper shows and explains the natural classification of the Greater Region SaarLorLux, following a consistent concept. The natural regions, their main groups as well as the natural space units, were ... [more ▼]

The paper shows and explains the natural classification of the Greater Region SaarLorLux, following a consistent concept. The natural regions, their main groups as well as the natural space units, were created according to the concept of Meynen & Schmithüsen (1953-1962). [less ▲]

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See detailRelative Performance Evaluation, Risk Aversion and Entry
Guigou, Jean-Daniel UL; Lovat, Bruno; Piaser, Gwenaël UL

E-print/Working paper (2007)

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See detailL‘industrie automobile dans la Grande Région
Schulz, Christian UL; Dörrenbächer, Peter; Pansch, Holger et al

E-print/Working paper (2007)

The automotive industry is an important pillar of the changing economic structures in the Greater Region. Today, a large number of suppliers and service providers, some of them highly specialised, make up ... [more ▼]

The automotive industry is an important pillar of the changing economic structures in the Greater Region. Today, a large number of suppliers and service providers, some of them highly specialised, make up the business landscape and constitute a large proportion of the employers in the industry. The map shows all companies in the sector with more than 500 employees in 2007. [less ▲]

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See detailLes institutions hospitalières médiévales dans la Grande Région SaarLorLux (de 600 à 1500)
Pauly, Michel UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL; Helfer, Malte UL

E-print/Working paper (2007)

In the area between the Meuse and the Rhine, between Aachen and Basel, there were some 528 different hospitals between 600 and 1500, even if they did not all function at the same time. By hospitals we ... [more ▼]

In the area between the Meuse and the Rhine, between Aachen and Basel, there were some 528 different hospitals between 600 and 1500, even if they did not all function at the same time. By hospitals we mean hostels for pilgrims and travellers, poorhouses, clinics, monastery infirmaries, maternity wards, orphanages, old people's homes, old people's homes for the wealthy etc. The map summarises the results of the author's habilitation thesis on "Hospitals between the Meuse and the Rhine in the Middle Ages. Typological, topographical, functional and spiritual aspects'. [less ▲]

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See detailLa division naturelle de l’espace de la Grande Région SaarLorLux
Schneider, Thomas; Pauly, Michel UL; Helfer, Malte UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2007)

The current shape of the Earth's surface is the result of a complex synergy of different factors. In addition to abiotic factors such as relief, climate, water, soil and geological texture, biotic factors ... [more ▼]

The current shape of the Earth's surface is the result of a complex synergy of different factors. In addition to abiotic factors such as relief, climate, water, soil and geological texture, biotic factors such as vegetation formations, flora and fauna, and especially the influence of humans, are crucial to the appearance of the Earth's surface. [less ▲]

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See detailMittelalterliche Hospitäler in der Großregion SaarLorLux (von 600 bis 1500)
Pauly, Michel UL; Pauly, Michel UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2007)

Im Raum zwischen Rhein und Maas, Aachen und Basel gab es zwischen 600 und 1500 insgesamt, wenn auch nicht gleichzeitig 528 verschiedene Hospitäler, also Herbergen für Reisende und Pilger, Armenhospize ... [more ▼]

Im Raum zwischen Rhein und Maas, Aachen und Basel gab es zwischen 600 und 1500 insgesamt, wenn auch nicht gleichzeitig 528 verschiedene Hospitäler, also Herbergen für Reisende und Pilger, Armenhospize, Krankenhäuser, Entbindungsanstalten, Waisenheime, Pflegeheime für alte Menschen, Seniorenheime für reiche Pfründner u. ä. Beitrag und Karte fassen die Ergebnisse der Habilitationsschrift des Autors über „Hospitäler zwischen Maas und Rhein im Mittelalter. Typologische, topographische, funktionale und spirituelle Aspekte“ zusammen. [less ▲]

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See detailLuxemburg und Siebenbürgen 2007
Fehlen, Fernand UL

E-print/Working paper (2007)

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See detailAutoindustrie in der Großregion SaarLorLux 2007 - Produktion, Forschung, Ausbildung
Schulz, Christian UL; Dörrenbächer, Peter; Pansch, Holger et al

E-print/Working paper (2007)

Die Automobilindustrie gilt in der Großregion als wichtiger Pfeiler des wirtschaftlichen Strukturwandels. Eine Vielzahl teils hoch spezialisierter Zulieferer und Dienstleister prägt heute die ... [more ▼]

Die Automobilindustrie gilt in der Großregion als wichtiger Pfeiler des wirtschaftlichen Strukturwandels. Eine Vielzahl teils hoch spezialisierter Zulieferer und Dienstleister prägt heute die Unternehmenslandschaft und stellt einen Großteil der industriellen Arbeitsplätze. Die Karte zeigt alle Betriebe des Sektors ab 500 Beschäftigten im Jahr 2007. Aufgrund der durch die Allgemeine Wirtschaftskrise ab 2008 aufgetretenen tief greifenden Veränderungen der Branche wurde dieser Beitrag durch einen zweiten, ausführlicheren Beitrag zur Autoindustrie der Großregion 2011 (C.K. Hahn, GR-Atlas Vol. 27) ergänzt. [less ▲]

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See detailFinancial versus Social Efficiency of Corporate Bankruptcy Law: the French Dilemma ?
Guigou, Jean-Daniel UL; BLAZY, Régis UL; CHOPARD, Bertrand et al

E-print/Working paper (2007)

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See detailThe financing of the European Union
Maufort, Laurence UL

E-print/Working paper (2007)

The European Union is a unique and exceptional organisation in many respects. Its financial system, whose rules and structure are very different from those of national budgetary law, has changed a great ... [more ▼]

The European Union is a unique and exceptional organisation in many respects. Its financial system, whose rules and structure are very different from those of national budgetary law, has changed a great deal and is still changing. The most significant changes include: — The unification of budgetary instruments. Initially, each Community had its own budget or budgets (administrative and operating). These have now been replaced by a single budget, the general budget of the European Union. — Progress towards financial autonomy. Following the example of the ECSC, which was financed by real ‘tax revenue’ from the time it was set up, the EEC and Euratom changed to a system of own resources on 1 January 1971. — Reform of the Community financial system. The financial perspective, a genuine multiannual financial framework and instrument of budgetary discipline, was introduced in 1988. It forms an integral part of an interinstitutional agreement between Parliament, the Council and the Commission. — The pursuit of an institutional balance between the Council, Parliament and the Commission in the exercise of budgetary power. Initially, budgetary power lay solely with the Council. Parliament and the Council subsequently became the two arms of budgetary authority. The Commission retains a right to propose legislation in that sphere. The development of the financial system of the European Union superstructure is testament to its extremely varied history encompassing five decades and six enlargements. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation des performances relatives, risque et entrée
Guigou, Jean-Daniel UL; Lovat, B.

E-print/Working paper (2006)

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See detailTax competition, location and horizontal foreign direct investment
Behrens, Kristian; Picard, Pierre M. UL

E-print/Working paper (2005)

We develop a model of capital tax competition in which imperfectly competitive firms choose both the number of plants they operate and their location. When compared to models with single-plant firms, the ... [more ▼]

We develop a model of capital tax competition in which imperfectly competitive firms choose both the number of plants they operate and their location. When compared to models with single-plant firms, the presence of multinationals reverses some standard results. First, instead of being subsidized, capital may actually be taxed in equilibrium, which shows that the presence of taxable ‘multinational rents’ relaxes tax competition. Second, even when firms are subsidized, their subsidyinclusive profits may be decreasing in subsidies, due to fiercer price competition by more multinationals. Third, multinationals may give rise to multiple equilibria in the tax game, one of which can be a ‘subsidy trap’ characterized by many multinationals, high subsidy levels, and low welfare. [less ▲]

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See detailSOLUTIONS Micro-scale modelling: method and initial results
Caruso, Geoffrey UL

E-print/Working paper (2005)

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See detailContracting out and labor demand elasticities
Gorg, Holger; Picard, Pierre M UL; Strobl, Eric A

E-print/Working paper (2005)

We examine the relationship between contracting out and the wage elasticity of labor demand in outsourcing plants. A simple theoretical model suggests that firms engaged in contracting out have lower wage ... [more ▼]

We examine the relationship between contracting out and the wage elasticity of labor demand in outsourcing plants. A simple theoretical model suggests that firms engaged in contracting out have lower wage elasticities. Estimating plant level dynamic labor demand equations for Irish manufacturing we find evidence supportive of this. [less ▲]

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