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See detailEinleitung, §§ 4 -9, 16, 29 bis 39c, 59 bis 68 des Wertpapiererwerbs- und Übernahmegesetzes
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL; Noack

in Kapitalmarktrechtskommentar (2021)

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See detailExploring Corpus Linguistics Approaches in Linguistic Landscape Research with Automatic Text Recognition Software
Gilles, Peter UL; Ziegler, Evelyn

in Ziegler, Evelyn; Marten, Heiko F. (Eds.) Linguistic Landscapes im deutschsprachigen Kontext (2021)

Taking a more quantitative approach in linguistic landscape research, we explore recent techniques of automatic information extraction from images. The recently released Cloud Vision API by Google offers ... [more ▼]

Taking a more quantitative approach in linguistic landscape research, we explore recent techniques of automatic information extraction from images. The recently released Cloud Vision API by Google offers new perspectives on the software-assisted processing and classification of pictures. A software interface makes it possible to extract various kinds of information from pictures automatically, among them the written text, certain labels to describe the picture (e.g. road sign, shop sign, prohibition sign) or the colours used in the picture. Applying this new technique to large-scale image data collections will not only enhance analysis but may also offer hitherto unrecognized structures. The data comes from a large-scale investigation of the Ruhr Metropolis in Germany, where 25,504 photos have been taken to document the linguistic landscape of selected neighbourhoods in four cities (Ziegler et al. 2018). This data has been annotated manually in various categories to analyze the occurrence, form and function of visual multilingualism. These pictures are then automatically processed by the Cloud Vision API and the results compared to the manual annotation. It will be shown that the quality of the image recognition greatly depends on the quality of the picture. The textual information extracted from the pictures will be stored in a database. Rather than presenting results on the linguistic landscape, this chapter is predominantly concerned with practical tools to facilitate large-scale linguistic landscape research. [less ▲]

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See detailLieber nicht. "Genosse Bartleby" - Genosse Idiot
Heimböckel, Dieter UL

in Gerstner, Jan; Osthues, Julian (Eds.) Erschöpfungsgeschichten. Kehrseiten und Kontrapunkte der Moderne (2021)

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See detail§§ 6 bis 15 WpHG betreffend die Eingriffsbefugnisse der BaFin und Positionskontrollen
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL; Lehmann, Mattias

in Schwark; Zimmer (Eds.) Kapitalmarktrechtskommentar (2021)

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See detailHaben die Frauen die Luxemburger Monarchie gerettet? Diskurse über Frauen im Kontext der Einführung des Frauenwahlrechts
Wagener, Renée UL

in Frieseisen, Claude; Moes, Régis; Polfer, Michel (Eds.) et al Le suffrage universel au Luxembourg et en Europe. Actes du colloque du 27/28 janvier 2020 à la Chambre des Députés (2021)

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See detailThe return of borders. Ein Kommentar zur Grenzraumforschung in Zeiten der Vergrenzungen
Wille, Christian UL

in Weber, Florian; Theis, Roland; Terrollion, Karl (Eds.) Grenzerfahrungen | Expériences transfrontalières. COVID-19 und die deutsch-französischen Beziehungen | Les relations franco-allemandes à l’heure de la COVID-19 (2021)

Der Beitrag geht von einem angebrochenen Zeitalter der Vergrenzungen aus und skizziert, wie die interdisziplinäre Grenzforschung und europäische Grenzraumforschung mit der Renaissance von Grenzen umgehen ... [more ▼]

Der Beitrag geht von einem angebrochenen Zeitalter der Vergrenzungen aus und skizziert, wie die interdisziplinäre Grenzforschung und europäische Grenzraumforschung mit der Renaissance von Grenzen umgehen. Dabei wird die enge Verflechtung der Grenzraumforschung mit dem politischen Projekt der europäischen Integration und ihr Fokus auf die Permeabilität von Grenzen deutlich. Allerdings wird zugleich erkennbar, dass die Leitidee eines Europa ohne Grenzen in den letzten Jahrzehnten erheblich an Strahlkraft eingebüßt hat, zuletzt durch die temporäre Verstärkung der Kontrollen im Schengen-Raum (2015/2016) und die temporären Schließungen der EU-Grenzen (2020). Die zunehmend um sich greifenden Vergrenzungsprozesse in Grenzregionen werden außerdem im Alltag ihrer Einwohner*innen nachgezeichnet. Der Beitrag schlägt abschließend eine Perspektivweitung der europäischen Grenzraumforschung vor, die die Durabilität von Grenzen berücksichtigt und somit Vergrenzungen an den EU-Binnengrenzen besser zu verstehen hilft. [less ▲]

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See detailUsing cross-border mobility in vocational education and training in the Greater Region SaarLorLux region
Nienaber, Birte UL; Dörrenbächer, H. Peter; Funk, Ines et al

in Cairns, David (Ed.) The Palgrave Handbook of Youth Mobility and Educational Migration (2021)

High unemployment rates on one side of a border and training opportunities on the other, the lack of training programmes for specialised jobs on the one side of the border and well defined vocational ... [more ▼]

High unemployment rates on one side of a border and training opportunities on the other, the lack of training programmes for specialised jobs on the one side of the border and well defined vocational programmes on the other side: cross-border vocational education and training (VET) is an increasingly used tool to accommodate the differing needs inside the European Union in recent years. This paper will present, explain and analyse the diverse approaches and concepts of tailor-made as well as more standardized cross-border VET programmes in the Greater Region SaarLorLux (DE, FR, LUX, BE) and explain the different mobility types (from short-time exchange programmes, to internships as well as a formalised division of mobility between days of apprenticeship in one country and days of practical training in another country). This cross-border region is the largest transboundary commuting area and therefore the largest transboundary labour market in the EU. [less ▲]

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See detailFamily in a multicultural context: Country report for Luxembourg
Albert, Isabelle UL; Heinz, Andreas UL

in Albert, Isabelle; Emirhafizovic, Mirza; Shpigelman, Carmit-Noa (Eds.) et al Families and family values in society and culture (2021)

The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is a small country in the heart of Europe, neighbouring France, Germany and Belgium, counting on 1 January of 2019 613.894 inhabitants on a total area of 2,586 km² ... [more ▼]

The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is a small country in the heart of Europe, neighbouring France, Germany and Belgium, counting on 1 January of 2019 613.894 inhabitants on a total area of 2,586 km². Immigration and cultural diversity have become one of the key features in the last years as the share of foreigners has constantly increased to now 47% of the population (Statec, 2019). Recent migrants live on the territory along with ageing migrants who are now close to retirement, as well as earlier generations of migrants. Luxembourg can therefore today be characterized as super-diverse (Vertovec, 2007) and is seen as a sample case for European integration, certainly of high interest also regarding intergenerational family solidarity in the light of migration. We will outline the complex demographic picture in the following sections, focusing on socio-economic aspects as well as social policy issues and have then a closer look on intergenerational family solidarity and future areas of research. [less ▲]

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See detailPecluviruses (Virgaviridae)
Masarapu, Hema; Sreenivasulu, Pothur; Delfosse, Philippe UL et al

in Bamford, Dennis H.; Zuckerman, Mark (Eds.) Encyclopedia of Virology (Fourth Edition) (2021)

Peanut clump virus (PCV) and Indian peanut clump virus (IPCV) cause peanut clump, an economically important disease in West Africa and in the Indian sub-continent, on peanut crops. They belong to two ... [more ▼]

Peanut clump virus (PCV) and Indian peanut clump virus (IPCV) cause peanut clump, an economically important disease in West Africa and in the Indian sub-continent, on peanut crops. They belong to two distinct species of the genus Pecluvirus, in the family Virgaviridae, and are responsible for huge annual losses in peanut, and to a lesser extent on cereals. They also infect pigeonpea, cowpea, bambara groundnut, chili, several cereal and millet crops and grass weeds. Pecluviruses are transmitted by sap, by the fungal vector Polymyxa graminis and through seed in several hosts. Their biological and molecular characteristics, detection, diagnosis, epidemiology and prospects for devising control practices are presented here. [less ▲]

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See detailDelivering value for money? The problematic accountability of the European Stability Mechanism
Howarth, David UL; Spendzharova, Aneta

in Stevenson, Paul; Sánchez-Barrueco, María-Luisa; Aden, Hartmut (Eds.) Financial Accountability in the European Union (2021)

This chapter undertakes a critical assessment of the accountability of one recent institutional addition to the Euro area governance system – the European Stability Mechanism (ESM). Regarding Euro area ... [more ▼]

This chapter undertakes a critical assessment of the accountability of one recent institutional addition to the Euro area governance system – the European Stability Mechanism (ESM). Regarding Euro area governance in general, Dawson (2015: 976) warns that many new structures designed in response to the Euro area crisis ‘depart from the mechanisms of legal and political accountability present in previous forms of EU decision-making without substituting new models of accountability in their place’. By examining in greater detail the financial accountability mechanisms applicable to an important new Euro area body, we identify accountability gaps and shortcomings in the complex EU architecture of financial control. [less ▲]

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See detail"Confinement vôtre". Relire Barthes à l'époque du coronavirus
Roelens, Nathalie UL

in Self and Society in the Corona Crisis (2021)

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See detailTechnological Experimentation Without Adequate Safeguards? Interoperable EU Databases and Access to the Multiple Identity Detector by SIRENE Bureaux
Quintel, Teresa Alegra UL; Dimitrova, Diana

in Hallinan, Dara; De Hert, Paul; Gutwirth, Serge (Eds.) et al CPDP Book 2020 (2021)

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See detailMit Lingscape auf Pad in der Stadt. Ein Schulprojekt zu gesellschaftlicher Mehrsprachigkeit in Windhoek
Purschke, Christoph UL; Trusch, Kerstin

in Marten, Heiko; Ziegler, Evelyn (Eds.) Linguistic Landscapes im deutschsprachigen Kontext: Forschungsperspektiven, Methoden und Anwendungsmöglichkeiten im Unterricht und Sprachmarketing (2021)

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See detailWalker Hancock, 14.10.1975
Tschacher, Werner UL

in Das Goldene Buch der Stadt Aachen (2021)

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See detailEntwicklungslinien internationaler und komparativer Inklusionsforschung
Köpfer, Andreas; Powell, Justin J W UL; Zahnd, Raphael

in Köpfer, Andreas; Powell, Justin J W; Zahnd, Raphael (Eds.) International Handbook of Inclusive Education: Global, National and Local Perspectives (2021)

In diesem Handbuch wird das Augenmerk auf globale, regionale und lokale Fragestellungen Inklusiver Bildung gerichtet. Inklusive Bildung kann dabei als weltweites Paradigma bezeichnet werden, mit dem ... [more ▼]

In diesem Handbuch wird das Augenmerk auf globale, regionale und lokale Fragestellungen Inklusiver Bildung gerichtet. Inklusive Bildung kann dabei als weltweites Paradigma bezeichnet werden, mit dem Teilhabe und Partizipation sowie Prozesse des Ein- und Ausschlusses in Bildungskontexten und darin eingelagerte Barrieren sowie Diskriminierungen in den Blick genommen werden. Politisch-normative Setzungen Inklusiver Bildung – u.a. durch die UN-Behindertenrechtskonvention (UN-BRK) (UN 2006) – werden derzeit in bildungspolitischer Hinsicht national, regional und lokal aufgegriffen und daran anschließend Prozesse der Steuerung in Bildungssystemen initiiert. Inklusion kann dabei als "fuzzy concept" (Artiles/Dyson 2005: 43) beschrieben werden, das sich dadurch auszeichnet, dass es auf nationaler und regionaler Ebene in differenten historisch entwickelten, kulturell ausgeprägten sowie normativ und rechtlich fundierten Bil- dungssystemen aufgenommen und in die Praxis übersetzt bzw. transformiert werden muss. In den deutschsprachigen Bildungs- und Erziehungswissenschaften ist Inklusive Bildung zu einem interdisziplinären Leitbegriff avanciert, der insbesondere in der Schulpädagogik, der Sonderpädagogik und der Allgemeinen Erziehungswissenschaft diskutiert wird, allerdings auch hier mit unterschiedlichen Vorstellungen. Trotz globaler Relevanz stellen internationale und komparative Fragestellungen im Kontext Inklusiver Bildung bislang im deutschsprachigen wie internationalen Diskurs ein unzureichend bearbeitetes Forschungsfeld dar – insbesondere mit Blick auf international und interkulturell vergleichende Forschungsarbeiten. Vor diesem Hintergrund sind in diesem Handbuch Beiträge versammelt, die das Feld der internationalen, interkulturellen und komparativen Forschung schärfen und Inklusive Bildung – anschließend an die Diskurslinien der Disability Studies – als Prozess der Beseitigung von Barrieren und Benachteiligungen in Bildungssystemen und -organisationen verstehen. Dementsprechend werden Prozesse der Exklusion und Aussonderung sowie der Unterstützung und Inklusion mit besonderer Berücksichtigung komparativer Perspektiven analysiert, wobei unterschiedliche Dimensionen von Heterogenität und deren Intersektionalität, insbesondere mit Blick auf marginalisierte und von Exklusion bedrohter Personengruppen, berücksichtigt werden. Aufgrund der disziplinären Verortung der Autor*innen – v.a. in der Erziehungswissenschaft und Soziologie – und deren Beschäftigung mit Behinderungen und Benachteiligungen, rückt die Differenzlinie Behinderung bzw. „behindert werden“ in den Vordergrund. [less ▲]

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See detailResilienz im Kontext von Migration und Flucht
Mehl, Sonja; Gilodi, Amalia UL; Albert, Isabelle UL

in Ringeisen, Tobias; Genkova, Petia; Leong, Frederick T. L. (Eds.) Handbuch Stress und Kultur: Interkulturelle und kulturvergleichende Perspektiven (2021)

Im Rahmen von Migration ergibt sich insbesondere für Geflüchtete ein erhöhtes Risiko von ungünstigen Entwicklungen und Adaptationsverläufen, da sie nicht nur mit allgemeinen Herausforderungen der ... [more ▼]

Im Rahmen von Migration ergibt sich insbesondere für Geflüchtete ein erhöhtes Risiko von ungünstigen Entwicklungen und Adaptationsverläufen, da sie nicht nur mit allgemeinen Herausforderungen der Anpassung an einen neuen kulturellen Kontext konfrontiert sind, sondern auch mit spezifischen Erfahrungen im Herkunftsland oder auf der Flucht, die potentiell traumatisch sein können. Dennoch zeigen sich signifikante psychische Beeinträchtigungen in der Folge nur bei einem Teil der Geflüchteten. Das Konzept der Resilienz, das in den letzten Jahren nicht nur in Bereichen der klinischen Psychologie, sondern auch in der entwicklungspsychologischen Forschung und verwandten Disziplinen zunehmend an Bedeutung gewonnen hat, scheint besonders fruchtbar, um solche interindividuellen Unterschiede im Umgang mit Flucht- und Migrationserfahrungen zu erforschen. Nach einer kurzen Einführung in die Arten der Migration und damit zusammenhängende Herausforderungen befasst sich der vorliegende Beitrag mit Resilienz im Kontext von Migration und Flucht, wobei eine kritische Auseinandersetzung mit stark auf individuelle Faktoren fokussierten Konzeptualisierungen angestrebt und eine stärker systemische Sichtweise vorgeschlagen wird, wie sie auch neueren Ansätzen zur psychologischen Resilienz entspricht. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigating the student’s learning satisfaction, wellbeing, and mental health in the context of imposed remote teaching during the COVID-19 crisis
Milmeister, Paul UL; Rastoder, Merlin UL; Kirsch, Christiane et al

in Mein, Georg; Pause, Johannes (Eds.) Self and Society in the Corona Crisis (2021)

As a first response to the COVID‐19 pandemic, Luxembourg, as many other countries, chose a strategy of minimized physical and social contacts. The educational system implemented these measures by ... [more ▼]

As a first response to the COVID‐19 pandemic, Luxembourg, as many other countries, chose a strategy of minimized physical and social contacts. The educational system implemented these measures by introducing quick changes in their teaching modalities. At the onset of the lockdown in spring 2020, the University of Luxembourg, unlike other higher‐education institutions, has managed to rapidly transition to exclusive remote teaching for all offered study programs. There are good reasons to believe that the rapid change in teaching modalities in addition to the manifold challenges surrounding the Coronavirus pandemic have had an impact on the University students’ learning satisfaction, personal wellbeing, and mental health, and possibly even affected their educational outcomes. In this article, we present the results from a survey that we administered during the first weeks of the lockdown situation to assess the magnitude of COVID‐19’s impact on the academic domain. The central aim of the survey is to understand how students have been able to adapt to an abrupt change in teaching and learning modalities, and to which degree the exclusive e‐learning practice has affected their learning satisfaction and subsequent personal wellbeing. Besides investigating the impact of the student’s learning satisfaction on personal wellbeing and mental health, the present study explores the influence of pedagogical aspects, with a present focus on teaching creativity, on learning satisfaction within an e‐learning environment. [less ▲]

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See detailThe role of LEGO in numeracy development: A case study
Eimer, Tabea; Zhang, Qian; Aleksic, Gabrijela UL

in Xu, Shuang Shuang; Marsico, Giuseppina (Eds.) Where culture grows: Social ecology of a Chinese kindergarten (2021)

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See detailSpiel im Kontext einer Aufgabenkultur des Grundschulunterrichts: Diskussion der Ergebnisse der SEiSU-Studie
Andersen, Katja Natalie UL

in Peschel, Markus (Ed.) Didaktik der Lernkulturen (2021)

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See detailThe legacy of intimate partner violence in heterosexual and gay (LGBTQ) communities. New challenges for the family doctor.
Klusova Noguiná, Elena; Chety, Ula; Conde-Valvis, Sara et al

in Baum, Erika; Ungan, Mehmet; Steylaerts, Carl (Eds.) The World Book of Family Medicine (2020)

The “classic” gender violence of the heterosexual couples has left a painful legacy to the LGBT community. Recent researches show that rates of IPV in LGBT are similar to or higher than the rates found ... [more ▼]

The “classic” gender violence of the heterosexual couples has left a painful legacy to the LGBT community. Recent researches show that rates of IPV in LGBT are similar to or higher than the rates found for heterosexual women. Though hardly worked, it seems to be that existing approach programs turn out to be incomplete and insufficient to address this problem in heterosexual women, being practically unknown in sexual minorities. The greater part of health professionals seems to have a vague and unclear knowledge of many basic LGBTQ+ concepts and specific health needs (social isolation, substance abuse, eating disorders, intimate partner violence, cancer prevention, etc...) The reality is that most of nowadays family physicians are not conscious nor trained to identify no manage the differences in professional help need between sexual minorities and heterosexual patients. [less ▲]

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See detailViolence Against Female Doctors, its influence on professional mental health and prevention
Tkachenko, Victoria; Tekin, Nil; Kurpas, Donata et al

in The World Book of Family Medicine (2020)

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See detailLe cadre familial et socio-professionnel des légionnaires luxembourgeois de la Première Guerre mondiale
Sauer, Arnaud UL

in Camarda, Sandra; Reinert, François; Sauer, Arnaud (Eds.) et al Légionnaires: Parcours de guerre et de migrations entre le Luxembourg et la France (2020)

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See detailHenri Dieschbourg
Sauer, Arnaud UL

in Camarda, Sandra; Reinert, François; Sauer, Arnaud (Eds.) et al Légionnaires: Parcours de guerre et de migrations entre le Luxembourg et la France (2020)

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See detailMichel Schmit : le parcours d'un Luxembourgeois engagé
Sauer, Arnaud UL

in Camarda, Sandra; Reinert, François; Sauer, Arnaud (Eds.) et al Légionnaires: Parcours de guerre et de migrations entre le Luxembourg et la France (2020)

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See detailEdmond Célestin Grethen
Camarda, Sandra UL

in Camarda, Sandra; Sauer, Arnaud; Scuto, Denis (Eds.) et al Légionnaires : Parcours de Guerre et de Migrations entre le Luxembourg et la France (2020)

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See detailLes légionnaires luxembourgeois et leurs familles durant l'entre-deux-guerres. Une reconstruction difficile et un enjeu politique
Sauer, Arnaud UL

in Camarda, Sandra; Reinert, François; Sauer, Arnaud (Eds.) et al Légionnaires: Parcours de guerre et de migrations entre le Luxembourg et la France (2020)

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See detail« À nos braves » : les monuments aux légionnaires luxembourgeois entre conflit et réconciliation
Camarda, Sandra UL

in Camarda, Sandra; Sauer, Arnaud; Scuto, Denis (Eds.) et al Légionnaires : Parcours de Guerre et de Migrations entre le Luxembourg et la France (2020)

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See detailSelf-Regulation of Fundamental Rights? The EU Code of Conduct on Hate Speech, Related Initiatives and Beyond
Quintel, Teresa Alegra UL; Ullrich, Carsten UL

in Ojanen, Tuomas; Petkova, Bilyana (Eds.) Fundamental Rights Protection Online: the Future Regulation of Intermediaries (2020)

This contribution will give a brief overview of EU legislation encouraging self-regulation, such as codes of conduct, communications and recommendations and propose an alternative approach towards ... [more ▼]

This contribution will give a brief overview of EU legislation encouraging self-regulation, such as codes of conduct, communications and recommendations and propose an alternative approach towards fighting illegal content on online platforms, which ventures squarely into co-regulation. There is no formal and straightforward definition on what constitutes illegal hate speech. However, hate speech might be classified as targeting minority groups in a way that promotes violence or social disorder and hatred. The use of social media and online platforms to spread illegal content and hate speech has increased progressively during recent years, as content may be disseminated anonymously and further shared by other users. Therefore, the timely removal or blocking of access to illegal content is essential to limit the wider dissemination and harm of individuals targeted by hate speech. The prominent role of online platforms in revolutionizing modern communication and as influencers of the public opinion has increasingly come to the attention of policy makers. Since online platforms provide an important stage for phenomena such as ‘fake news’, ‘hate speech’ or ‘disinformation’, the pressure to take more responsibility over content hosted by them has grown. The EU Commission took action via several attempts to set certain rules for online intermediaries, mostly relying on non-binding agreements, often in the form of self-regulatory measures, such as codes of conduct, guidelines and recommendations. These measures have raised concerns regarding possible limitations of Freedom of Expression, because they require online platforms to adjudicate on the legality of content, often by relying on automated systems. Meanwhile decisions over the unlawfulness of hate speech and “disinformation” are often notoriously difficult. The deployment of algorithms to analyse the content generated on platforms, such as recognition and filtering technologies, bear risks and pitfalls of automated compliance solutions. Although the use of algorithms to monitor content online still happens based on the “human-in-the-loop principle”, the diligence and efficiency with which illegal content can be reviewed is also dependent on the financial capacity and resources of each company. In addition, these privatized removal procedures maybe influenced by commercial interests and lack effective appeals mechanisms. All these issues throw up serious questions about the democratic legitimacy of self-regulatory removal procedures An alternative solution, proposed in this article, would require platforms to apply a risk-based approach to preventing and removing illegal content. The norms and standards of such an approach would be based on duty of care and be subject to regulatory oversight. It is suggested that the current self-regulatory proposals be replaced by co-regulatory solutions. [less ▲]

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See detailLes anciens légionnaires et la protection sociale au Luxembourg. Une approche transnationale
Venken, Machteld UL

in Camarda, Sandra; Reinert, Francoise; Sauer, Arnaud (Eds.) et al Légionnaires. Parcours de guerre et de migrations entre le Luxembourg et la France. (2020)

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See detailCrowned Heads and Succession Crises : The Design and Reception of Bernard Gui’s Arbor genealogiae regum francorum
Léglu, Catherine UL

in Augustyn, Wolfgang; Worm, Andrea (Eds.) Visualisieren – Ordnen – Aktualisieren. Geschichtskonzepte des Mittelalters und der Frühen Neuzeit im Bild (2020)

Bernard Gui is known for his career as an inquisitor but he was also a prolific historian. His illustrated genealogical tree of the kings of France, revised over several decades in the early 14th c ... [more ▼]

Bernard Gui is known for his career as an inquisitor but he was also a prolific historian. His illustrated genealogical tree of the kings of France, revised over several decades in the early 14th c., foregrounds the anxieties and crises that affected the end of the direct Capetian line by stressing a single line of male succession. However, the reception of Bernard's Arbor in Avignon stresses the opposing idea, suggesting that genealogies are complex, discontinuous and multiple. [less ▲]

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See detailPerception of immigration to Iceland: The host country perspective
Murdock, Elke UL

in Meckl, Markus; Gunnþórsdóttir, Hermina (Eds.) Samfélag fjölbreytileikans: Samskipti heimamanna og innflytjenda á Íslandi. (2020)

With 35.5 immigrants per 1000 inhabitants, Iceland had the third highest number of immigrants per inhabitants in Europe in 2018. Until the turn of the century, the foreign population percentage in Iceland ... [more ▼]

With 35.5 immigrants per 1000 inhabitants, Iceland had the third highest number of immigrants per inhabitants in Europe in 2018. Until the turn of the century, the foreign population percentage in Iceland was around 2%. In the last 5 years, this percentage has risen steadily to nearly 14% in 2020. How is this rapid rise in immigration experienced by the host country population? How are immigrants perceived and what are expectations in terms of behavior? The Inclusive Societies – Iceland project investigated both, the immigrants’ situation in Iceland, but also the native populations’ attitude towards immigration and immigrants. It is important to take the host country perspective into consideration, as diversity ideologies will also determine the acculturation options for minorities. A quantitative survey was conducted among 3630 native Icelanders (51.1% women, MAge = 50.8, SD = 15.6), spread across all regions of Iceland. The questions covered a range of domains pertinent to life in Iceland. In this Chapter only the questions pertaining directly to immigration and immigrants are analyzed. The results indicate that culture contact takes place – with, over two thirds of participants indicating that they have invited immigrants to their home and slightly under two thirds having been invited to immigrants’ homes. Overall, the perception is that immigrants have made a positive impact to communities. The vast majority of participants expect immigrants to learn Icelandic. The greatest divergence of views was found concerning the question, if immigrants should adopt Icelandic customs and values. The findings will be discussed in light of policy implications. [less ▲]

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See detailMigration, remittances, and child education in Ghana. Evidence from a longitudinal study
Cebotari, Victor UL

in Konte, Maty; Linguère Mously, Mbaye (Eds.) Migration, Remittances, and Sustainable Development in Africa (2020)

Evidence on the time-varying effects of migration, remittances, and child education in African contexts remains scarce. This study employs panel data to examine educational outcomes – school enjoyment ... [more ▼]

Evidence on the time-varying effects of migration, remittances, and child education in African contexts remains scarce. This study employs panel data to examine educational outcomes – school enjoyment, and class ranking – of children whose parents migrated internally or internationally and who received in-kind remittances, monetary remittances, or both. The data were collected in 2013, 2014, and 2015 on a panel of school-going children and youths aged from 12 to 21 in two urban areas with high out-migration rates in Ghana: Kumasi and Sunyani (N = 741). The panel includes children of both migrant and non-migrant parents. Results indicate dynamic patterns of sending remittances over years, with preferences converging toward sending both in-kind and monetary remittances by internal and international migrant parents. Overall, the education of children benefits when they receive both in-kind and monetary remittances. The positive effects are further enhanced when remittances are directly invested in child education. The absence of remittances has more negative effects on child education, especially for girls. This study gives a more nuanced understanding of the dynamic and intertwined associations between parental migration, remittances, and the education of children in transnational families. [less ▲]

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See detailLuxembourg Economy Facing Challenges: A Historical Overview
Danescu, Elena UL

in Hartley (Ed.) Western Europe 2021 (2020)

The chapter focused on Luxembourg economy and history will endeavour to explain how Luxembourg managed to achieve transitions from an agrarian economy to a knowledge-driven economy; its current strengths ... [more ▼]

The chapter focused on Luxembourg economy and history will endeavour to explain how Luxembourg managed to achieve transitions from an agrarian economy to a knowledge-driven economy; its current strengths and weaknesses; and its future challenges in an increasingly globalized, competitive international environment [less ▲]

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See detailThe Education Report for Luxembourg
Lenz, Thomas UL; Backes, Susanne UL

in Oggenfuss, Chantal; Wolter, Stefan C. (Eds.) National Education Reports in European Countries. CIDREE Yearbook 2020. (2020)

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See detailThe role of the European Investment Bank in Times of COVID-19
Howarth, David UL; Kavvadia, Helen; Clifton, Judith et al

in McDonald, D.A.; Marois, T.; Barrowclough, D.V. (Eds.) Public Banks and Covid-19: Combatting the Pandemic With Public Finance. Municipal Services Project (2020)

The European Guarantee Fund (EGF) is spearheading European Investment Bank (EIB) action in response to Covid-19. It will provide guarantees to the EIB and the EIF to reimburse any possible losses incurred ... [more ▼]

The European Guarantee Fund (EGF) is spearheading European Investment Bank (EIB) action in response to Covid-19. It will provide guarantees to the EIB and the EIF to reimburse any possible losses incurred in their operations. By pooling credit risk across all of the EIB’s members, the overall average cost of the EGF will be significantly reduced, compared to national schemes. Financially speaking, this appears an efficient solution given the objectives of a Regional Development Bank – which the EIB can be categorised. Most of the EGF funding will be made available through financial intermediaries – National Promotional Banks and commercial banks. Once the funds are made available and the list of financial intermediaries established, companies can file requests directly with financial intermediaries. We argue that especially in view of the public health crisis, it is high time for the EIB to establish a health sector strategy and step up its contribution from its own funds, beyond risk-sharing facilities with the Member States and the Commission as EGF and IDFF respectively. In its response to Covid-19 economic crisis, it is imperative for the EIB to focus squarely on the final beneficiaries (SMEs, innovation, social and environmental projects) rather than the private financial intermediaries. For the EU’s public bank, the need for assuring transparency and accountability, in view of the increasing use of budgetary and Member States’ funds especially in the public good health sector, is higher than ever. [less ▲]

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See detailEGTC: A tool for fostering spatial justice in EUropean borderlands
Evrard, Estelle UL

in Ocskay, Gyula (Ed.) 15 years of the EGTCs. Lessons learnt and future perspectives. (2020)

Border areas are peripheries whose functions have been transformed under the impetus of the European integration process. From former frontlines, they have become interfaces, so that they are often ... [more ▼]

Border areas are peripheries whose functions have been transformed under the impetus of the European integration process. From former frontlines, they have become interfaces, so that they are often portrayed as “laboratories of European integration”. Yet, as their spatiality is shaped by sometimes two contradictory forms of territorialities; that of Member States and of the European Union (EU), they are unequally able to shape their own future. This contribution uses legal geography and spatial justice to discuss three main manifestations of this situation. Firstly, as Member States use the border as a resource and a marker of sovereignty, EUropean borderlands’ own interests are often given lesser priority. Secondly, as demonstrated by the Cross-Border Review (EC, 2017), they face a number of legal obstacles hindering their effective access to EU law. Thirdly, multi-level mismatch limits borderlands’ effective capacity to steer their own development. This contribution outlines the extent to which the EGTC instrument partially tackles these challenges and enhances procedural justice for EUropean borderlands; also shedding light on the interrelations between law and space in EUropean borderlands. It reveals that law dedicated to EUropean borderlands is paramount for them to have effective capacity to shape their own future and for the EU to develop an integration process that is more just towards EUropean borderlands. [less ▲]

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See detailReflections on our teaching activities in the initial teacher training during the COVID-19 crisis: From “onsite classes” to “schooling at home”
Kreis, Yves UL; Haas, Ben; Reuter, Robert UL et al

in Mein, Georg; Pause, Johannes (Eds.) Self and Society in the Corona Crisis: Perspectives from the Humanities and Social Sciences (2020)

The COVID-19 public health crisis and the subsequent confinement induced a series of profound changes to teaching and learning in education all over the world (Lancker and Parolin 2020). Mid-March 2020 ... [more ▼]

The COVID-19 public health crisis and the subsequent confinement induced a series of profound changes to teaching and learning in education all over the world (Lancker and Parolin 2020). Mid-March 2020, the University of Luxembourg also switched from on-campus classes to schooling at home for all courses. This transition was more or less smooth for the teaching staff and the students. In this paper, we present our reflections, as lecturers in the “Bachelor en Sciences de l’Éducation”, on how we adapted three courses and the internships, which could not happen as usual. We describe and discuss which aspects of our teaching approaches and the settings within which we have been working so far, might have contributed to a rather successful response to the current health crisis. The insights gained via these forced changes are discussed in terms of lessons learned for future instructional design decisions. [less ▲]

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See detailCurrent Data Protection Regulations and Case Law in Greece
Bouchagiar, Georgios UL; Koutras, Nikos

in Cortez, Kiezow (Ed.) Data Protection Around the World (2020)

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See detail«Property States» and the Financialization of Urban Development
Hesse, Markus UL

in Hertweck, Florian (Ed.) Architecture on Common Ground The Question of Land: Positions and Models (2020)

The process of globalization of the economy and society has fundamentally changed the realities of life in cities in recent decades. Technological innovations in data processing allowed current trends ... [more ▼]

The process of globalization of the economy and society has fundamentally changed the realities of life in cities in recent decades. Technological innovations in data processing allowed current trends such as digitalization or the platform economy to gain momentum. Financialisation and its imprint on real estate markets has made land becoming increasingly included in the sphere of the global exchange economy, as an asset. The mobilization of financial assets is followed by the large-scale valuation of real estate; as a consequence, local lifeworlds are subject to heightened pressure to achieve high rates of return. The chapter discusses the implications of these developments for urban development and sheds light on the particular role of property in two small states: Luxembourg and Singapore. The rather distinct role of the state in either facilitating profit or ensuring access to public housing (at least for some) is reflected in the notion of 'property states'. [less ▲]

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See detailEntwicklung der Europäischen Normung im Verbundbau
Schäfer, Markus UL; Hanswille, Gerhard

in Siebert, Gerald (Ed.) Festschrift zum 70. Geburtstag von Prof. Dr.-Ing. I. Mangerig (2020)

EN 1994-1- ist als Eurocode 4 für die Bemessung und Ausführung von Stahlverbundkonstruktionen in Deutschland als DIN EN 1994-1-1 seit 2012 bauaufsichtlich eingeführt. Im Rahmen des Europäischen Mandats ... [more ▼]

EN 1994-1- ist als Eurocode 4 für die Bemessung und Ausführung von Stahlverbundkonstruktionen in Deutschland als DIN EN 1994-1-1 seit 2012 bauaufsichtlich eingeführt. Im Rahmen des Europäischen Mandats M515 erfolgt aktuell eine Überarbeitung aller Eurocodes, mit dem Ziel, diese in die nächste Normungsgeneration zu überführen und die erforderlichen Anpassungen an den Stand der Technik sicherzustellen. Dieser Beitrag erläutert den derzeitigen Stand der Bearbeitung des Eurocode 4 und gibt einen Einblick in die damit verbundenen Diskussionen und die zu erwartenden Änderungen und Neuerungen. [less ▲]

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See detailApproche socioéconomique de la mobilité des travailleurs frontaliers : entre condition, contrainte et ressource
Belkacem, Rachid; Pigeron-Piroth, Isabelle UL

in Hamez, Grégory; Defays, Jean-Marc (Eds.) Réalités, perceptions et représentations des frontières. L'espace transfrontalier de la Grande Région Sarre-Lor-Lux. (2020)

Mobility of work is a multidimensional concept. It may concern a movement inside a professional career (promotion…), but also a geographical move. In the economic literature, mobility is analyzed as ... [more ▼]

Mobility of work is a multidimensional concept. It may concern a movement inside a professional career (promotion…), but also a geographical move. In the economic literature, mobility is analyzed as either a condition for the realization of a self-regulating market, or a constraint showing the instability of employment on the external markets, or even a resource for the professional development of the workers, the growth of the firms and the territories. Empirical studies of cross-border work tend to temper these theoretical analyses. The characteristics of workers and context elements have actually to be taken into account in order to better understand mobility. [less ▲]

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See detailIntroducing aspects of transformative justice to the International Criminal Court through plea negotiation
Oyugi, Phoebe; Owiso, Owiso UL

in Fraser, Julie; Leyh, Brianne McGonigle (Eds.) Intersections of law and culture at the International Criminal Court (2020)

Detailed reference viewed: 81 (9 UL)
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See detailThe European Union and the Energy Charter Treaty: What Next After Achmea?
Happold, Matthew UL; De Boeck, Michael

in Andenas, Mads; Pantaleo, Luca (Eds.) EU External Action in International Economic Law: Recent Trends and Developments (2020)

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See detailOptimal Management of Electrified and Cooperative Bus Systems
Viti, Francesco UL; Rinaldi, Marco UL; Laskaris, Georgios

in Transportation Systems for Smart, Sustainable, Inclusive and Secure Cities (2020)

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (2 UL)
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See detailChapters on European and Comparative Consumer Law
Poillot, Elise UL

in Fenouillet, Dominique (Ed.) Dalloz Action - Droit de la consommation (2020)

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See detailPenetration of Union Law into the Space Sector
Hofmann, Mahulena UL

in Petrlik, David; Bobek, Michal; Passer, Jan (Eds.) et al Evolution des rapports entre les ordres juridiques de l'union européenne, international et nationaux (2020)

The chapter deals with the evolution of the space competence of the European Union and its interpretation. It analyses the complex relation of the EU to the ESA, and presents national legislation of EU ... [more ▼]

The chapter deals with the evolution of the space competence of the European Union and its interpretation. It analyses the complex relation of the EU to the ESA, and presents national legislation of EU member States. [less ▲]

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See detailDie Deutschordenskommende in der Stadt Luxemburg im 14. und 15. Jahrhundert
Pauly, Michel UL

in Sarnowsky, Jürgen (Ed.) Studies on the Military Orders, Prussia, and Urban History: Essays in honour of Roman Czaja on the occasion of his sixtieth birthday. Beiträge zur Ritterordens-, Preussen- und Städteforschung. Festschrift für Roman Czaja zum 60. Geburtstag (2020)

Geschichte der Niederlassung des Deutschen Ordens in der Stadt Luxemburg im 14. und 15. Jh., insbesondere ihres Besitzes und ihrer Einkünfte anhand des Zionsregisters von 1457-58

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See detailThe resourcefulness of Luxembourg’s food system as put to the test by the Coronavirus lock-down
Reckinger, Rachel UL

in Mein, Georg; Pause, Johannes (Eds.) The Ends of Humanities - Volume 2: Self and Society in the Corona Crisis. Perspectives from the Humanities and Social Sciences. (2020)

Moments of crisis like the current one sparked by Covid-19, engage social, economic, cultural and political institutions of a society and stress-test their resourcefulness, while individual and collective ... [more ▼]

Moments of crisis like the current one sparked by Covid-19, engage social, economic, cultural and political institutions of a society and stress-test their resourcefulness, while individual and collective food supplies become primary concerns. Where does even the wealthiest of EU member States stand when it comes to food sovereignty and specific vulnerabilities, what needs to change and which food policies are needed to facilitate a sustainable food system – both locally and internationally? Combining qualitative, empirical research methods to textual and statistical analysis, as well as transformative research, I focus on key areas of Luxembourg’s food system presenting challenges – specific ones and structural ones intertwined with issues in other countries – and discuss current and planned pathways of optimisation. I will start out with an analysis of agricultural and commercial specificities of a food system with low self-sufficiency rates, linked to meat and dairy specialisations, but also to market accessibility and market structure issues, leading to heavy imports. I will then shed light on pathways currently put into practice by the State, by economic actors, by educational actors and by social movements and coalitions of the willing, advocating ecological, ethical and qualitative production methods. Finally, I will show how the first Food Policy Council at national level that Luxembourg is currently founding is favoring a deliberate shift towards a multi-stakeholder-lead effective food policy. [less ▲]

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See detailCOVID-19 Crisis: Response-Ability and Responsibility of Theatre
Nonoa, Koku Gnatuloma UL

in Mein, Georg; Pause, Johannes (Eds.) Self and Society in the Corona Crisis. Perspectives from the Humanities and Social Sciences (2020)

This article examines the interdependence of formal and media transformations in literature and theatre production and reception in contemporary context of increasing processes of digitalisation and ... [more ▼]

This article examines the interdependence of formal and media transformations in literature and theatre production and reception in contemporary context of increasing processes of digitalisation and social interactions in the internet. Thus, the question of physical co-presence in theatre and the consciousness of virtual presence in media culture is discussed, including the response-ability and the aesthetic potentiality of theatre in media and virtual spaces during the coronavirus pandemic and beyond. Finally, this contribution addresses the related theatre epistemological approach. [less ▲]

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See detailFlexible language use in multilingual early childhood education in Luxembourg: Reflecting on its nature and functions
Kirsch, Claudine UL; Seele, Claudia

in Panagiotopoulou, Argyro; Rosen, Lisa; Strzykala, Jenna (Eds.) Inclusion, Education, and Translanguaging: How to Promote Social Justice in (Teacher) Education? (2020)

An inclusive translanguaging pedagogy aims to promote learning and participation by drawing on the learners’ entire semiotic repertoire. The focus of this chapter are the translanguaging practices of four ... [more ▼]

An inclusive translanguaging pedagogy aims to promote learning and participation by drawing on the learners’ entire semiotic repertoire. The focus of this chapter are the translanguaging practices of four early years practitioners in Luxembourg. We analyse the deployment of their linguistic repertoire, their reasons for translanguaging, and the ways in which their practices contributed to inclusion and participation. We found that the practices comprised using linguistic resources dynamically, translating, and ‘home languaging,’ and depended on the practitioners’ pedagogical stance. We argue that multilingual practices need to be embedded in a reflexive translanguaging pedagogy in order to enhance inclusion. [less ▲]

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See detailEnergy-efficient deployment in wireless edge caching
Vu, Thang Xuan UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in Wireless Edge Caching: Modeling, Analysis, and Optimization (2020)

In this chapter, we investigate the performance of edge-caching wireless networks by taking into account the caching capability when designing the signal transmission. We consider hierarchical caching ... [more ▼]

In this chapter, we investigate the performance of edge-caching wireless networks by taking into account the caching capability when designing the signal transmission. We consider hierarchical caching systems in which the contents can be prefetched at both user terminals or the base station and investigate the energy performance under two notable uncoded and coded caching strategies. The backhaul and access throughputs are derived for both caching policies for arbitrary values of base station and user cache sizes from which closed-form expressions for the corresponding system energy efficiency (EE) are obtained. Furthermore, we propose two optimization problems to maximize the system EE and minimize the content delivery time subject to some given quality of service requirements. [less ▲]

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See detailEarly Language Education in Luxembourg
Kirsch, Claudine UL; Seele, Claudia

in Schwartz, Mila (Ed.) Handbook of Early Language Education (2020)

This chapter examines recent language education laws in Luxembourg as well as the ways in which early years practitioners appropriated the new policies and put them into practice. The chapter begins with ... [more ▼]

This chapter examines recent language education laws in Luxembourg as well as the ways in which early years practitioners appropriated the new policies and put them into practice. The chapter begins with a brief introduction of the linguistic landscape in Luxembourg and a summary of the dynamic development of the country’s early childhood education system. Special emphasis is put on recent changes in language education policies, which call for a more inclusive and multilingual early language education. Monolingual practices now need to open up to flexible language use and offer children opportunities to capitalize on their entire semiotic repertoire for communicating, meaning-making, and learning. The central concerns of this chapter are the ways in which policy changes influence educational practices in formal and non-formal settings and how professional development shapes this process. In order to address these questions, the authors review literature on language education policy, translanguaging and professional development and examine studies on early language education in Luxembourg. Next, they discuss recent initiatives of professional development in formal and non-formal early years settings as well as their outcomes. Finally, they present critical issues such as the practitioners’ reflexivity and responsibility and the sustainability of professional development. Future research directions include family language policies, partnerships between families and early childhood institutions and children’s languaging practices inside and across these institutions. [less ▲]

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See detailCorona and the Media
Holl, Elisabeth UL; Hale, Miriam-Linnea UL; Melzer, André UL

in Mein, Georg; Pause, Johannes (Eds.) Self and Society in the Corona Crisis (2020)

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See detailComparative analysis of physical education and school sport development and research in Europe
Naul, Roland; Scheuer, Claude UL

in Naul, Roland; Scheuer, Claude (Eds.) Research on Physical Education and School Sport in Europe (2020)

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See detailResearch on Physical Education and School sport in Europe - Introduction
Naul, Roland; Scheuer, Claude UL

in Naul, Roland; Scheuer, Claude (Eds.) Research on Physical Education and School Sport in Europe (2020)

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See detailHistorical roots and strands of physical education and school sport development in Europe
Naul, Roland; Scheuer, Claude UL

in Naul, Roland; Scheuer, Claude (Eds.) Research on Physical Education and School Sport in Europe (2020)

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See detailReconstructing the Treaty Network – the EU law perspective (EU report IFA Congress 2020)
Haslehner, Werner UL; García Prats, Alfredo; Heydt, Volker et al

in Duff, David; Gutmann, Daniel (Eds.) Cahiers de droit fiscal international 2020: Reconstructing the treaty network (2020)

European Union law overlaps and interacts with both the OECD’s Base Erosion and Profit Shifting project (BEPS) and its implementation and the member states’ tax treaties between them and with third ... [more ▼]

European Union law overlaps and interacts with both the OECD’s Base Erosion and Profit Shifting project (BEPS) and its implementation and the member states’ tax treaties between them and with third countries, and there is also an area where all three fields meet. This intersection of EU law, BEPS and member states’ (mostly) bilateral tax treaties is the subject of this report. [less ▲]

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See detailLa protection des droits fondamentaux au Luxembourg : Le rôle des institutions nationales des droits de l'homme et de la société civile
Baglayan, Basak UL

in Gerkrath, Jörg (Ed.) La défense des droits et libertés au Grand-Duché de Luxembourg (2020)

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See detailLuxembourg: Conflict of Qualification and partnership income: autonomous and common interpretation
Haslehner, Werner UL

in Lang, Michael; Rust, Alexander; Owens, Jeffrey (Eds.) et al Tax Treaty Case Law Around the Globe 2019 (2020)

The dispute giving rise to the judgment discussed in this chapter concerns treaty interpretation in the presence of deviating national definitions of business income and thus touches upon a number of long ... [more ▼]

The dispute giving rise to the judgment discussed in this chapter concerns treaty interpretation in the presence of deviating national definitions of business income and thus touches upon a number of long-standing questions surrounding the meaning of article 3(2) of the OECD Model, the importance of common interpretation, and the resolution of qualification conflicts. The issue concerned arose from a different qualification, under domestic law, of the income earned by limited partnerships engaged in private asset management activity: while the income in question was treated as interest and capital gains from a German perspective, Luxembourg’s domestic law applied a legal fiction which resulted in it being treated as business income. In the case, Luxembourg’s highest administrative court (Cour administrative, hereinafter the “Court”) took advantage of Luxembourg and German case law, scholarship and the common legislative heritage of both countries in order to resolve the different income classification under each country’s domestic law. The court did not, however, make use of the Commentary on the OECD Model in this instance. [less ▲]

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See detailEconomics in Judicial Decision-Making: Four Types of Situations Where Judges May Apply Economics
Hubkova, Pavlina UL

in Cserne, Peter; Esposito, Fabrizio (Eds.) Economics in Legal Reasoning (2020)

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See detailThe General Scope of the ATAD and its Position in the EU Legal Order
Haslehner, Werner UL

in Haslehner, Werner; Pantazatou, Aikaterini; Kofler, Georg (Eds.) et al A Practical Guide to the Anti-Tax Avoidance Directive (2020)

This chapter analyses the scope of the anti-tax avoidance directive (ATAD) as implemented in 2020 and its positioning within the EU legal order, in particular vis-à-vis primary EU law, national tax rules ... [more ▼]

This chapter analyses the scope of the anti-tax avoidance directive (ATAD) as implemented in 2020 and its positioning within the EU legal order, in particular vis-à-vis primary EU law, national tax rules, and bilateral tax agreements. It examines the interpretation of the provisions of the ATAD and their compatibility with higher ranking norms, such as the fundamental freedoms, State aid rules, and fundamental rights. [less ▲]

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See detailRäumliche Transformationen: Prozess, Ziel, Leitbild?
Hesse, Markus UL

in Lange, Bastian; Hülz, Martina; Schmid, Benedikt (Eds.) et al Postwachstumsgeographien. Raumbezüge diverser und alternativer Ökonomien (2020)

Ziel dieses Beitrags ist es, räumliche Transformation in die Debatte um raum- und planungsbezogene Leitbilder einzuordnen. Ausgangspunkt ist die sehr heterogene und im Zeit-ablauf wechselhafte ... [more ▼]

Ziel dieses Beitrags ist es, räumliche Transformation in die Debatte um raum- und planungsbezogene Leitbilder einzuordnen. Ausgangspunkt ist die sehr heterogene und im Zeit-ablauf wechselhafte, gelegentlich opportunistische Praxis der Formulierung planungsbezo-gener Paradigmen und Leitbilder. Sie folgt zwar spezifischen Problemwahrnehmungen, ist aber auch abhängig von temporären Moden, Konjunkturen und Konstrukten. Die erkenntnis-leitende Frage ist, inwieweit Transformation Leitbildcharakter hat, und wenn ja, worin sich dies äußert: in analytischer, normativer und prozeduraler Hinsicht. Ist das Leitbild allgemein (generell) oder spezifisch ausgerichtet – was ist seine konkrete Zielformulierung? Oder ist Transformation primär als prozedurale Richtschnur zu verstehen, als Metapher zur kollektiven Mobilisierung von Wandel, dessen Inhalte im Schatten partizipativer Prozesse stehen? Der Charme von Transformation liegt womöglich darin, dass dieser Begriff eine an-gemessen differenzierte Vorstellung von evolutionären gesellschaftlichen Veränderungen bietet. Ob es zum Konzept reicht, um intendierten Wandel auf robuste Weise anzuleiten – oder ob sein Mehrwert schlicht darin liegt, Realität zu „verzaubern“ (Tom Sieverts) – wird im Beitrag diskutiert. [less ▲]

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See detailLes exceptions à la règle de l’Etat de droit: déroger aux droits fondamentaux en période de crise?Cahiers Jean Monnet, Actes des ateliers doctoraux « L’état de droit », Centre d'Excellence Europe Capitole
Mavrouli, Roila UL

in Cahiers Jean Monnet, Actes des ateliers doctoraux « L’état de droit », Centre d'Excellence Europe Capitole (2020)

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See detailThe ITU Facing the Emergence of the Internet, 1960s–Early 2000s
Schafer, Valerie UL

in Fickers, Andreas; Balbi, Gabriele (Eds.) History of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) (2020)

The development of data networks was based on the technical convergence of two worlds in the 1960s: telecommunications and computing. The ITU was thereby involved early on through the Consultative ... [more ▼]

The development of data networks was based on the technical convergence of two worlds in the 1960s: telecommunications and computing. The ITU was thereby involved early on through the Consultative Committee for International Telephony and Telegraphy (CCITT, now known as ITU- T) in the debates concerning transport protocols that arose from the 1970s. At the CCITT, telecommunications’ representatives decided in favour of virtual circuits, which enjoyed a long lifespan. Nevertheless, this choice diverged from the one made by the Arpanet’s researchers, and later the Internet’s community. Faced by the success of Internet and a new model of technical decisions and governance arising within the Internet community, which was openly divergent from the standardization previously at work, the ITU generated strong criticism at the end of the 1990s and at the beginning of the 2000s when it tried to enter the Internet field. The ITU then sought to restore its techno-diplomatic role through multi-stakeholderism, of which the World Summit on the Information Society (2003 and 2005) marked a crucial step. By crossing organizational archives, CCITT and ITU reports, oral history, press materials and web archives, this chapter will show how the ITU dealt with the transition from a well-recognized and salient techno-diplomatic role - partly due to the telecommunications’ monopolies- to a more peripheral position during the deregulation and the growth of the Internet. [less ▲]

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See detailΤο Επιλεκτικό Πλεονέκτημα
Pantazatou, Aikaterini UL; Rodopoulos, Michail

in Christianos, Vasileios; Rodopoulos, Michail (Eds.) Δίκαιο Κρατικών Ενισχύσεων (2020)

Detailed reference viewed: 89 (2 UL)
See detailMediennutzung in den Zeiten von Pandemie und Lockdown
Melzer, André UL; Holl, Elisabeth UL; Hale, Miriam-Linnea UL

in Benoy, Charles (Ed.) COVID-19 - Ein Virus nimmt Einfluss auf unsere Psyche. Einschätzungen und Maßnahmen aus psychologischer Perspektive (2020)

Detailed reference viewed: 342 (2 UL)
See detailΕυρωπαϊκά Διαρθρωτικά Ταμεία και κρατικές ενισχύσεις
Pantazatou, Aikaterini UL

in Christianos, Vasileios; Rodopoulos, Michail (Eds.) Δίκαιο Κρατικών Ενισχύσεων (2020)

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See detailZur Wachstumsfixiertheit der Europäischen Union. Ein Diskussionsbeitrag
Schulz, Christian UL

in Schulz, Christian; Lange, Bastian; Hülz, Martina (Eds.) et al Postwachstumsgeographien. Raumbezüge diverser und alternativer Ökonomien (2020)

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See detailTax Procedures in Luxembourg
Chaouche, Fatima; Haslehner, Werner UL

in Tax Procedures (2020)

This contribution provides an overview of Luxembourg tax procedures and answers a number of questions regarding the administrative law principles governing the collection of taxation, audit, and appeals ... [more ▼]

This contribution provides an overview of Luxembourg tax procedures and answers a number of questions regarding the administrative law principles governing the collection of taxation, audit, and appeals procedures. It was prepared as a contribution to the 2019 Annual Congress of the European Association of Tax Law Professors, which was devoted to tax procedures. [less ▲]

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See detailLe rapport Werner en suspens. Les débats autour de l'Union économique et monétaire en 1973
Danescu, Elena UL

in Wilkens, Andreas (Ed.) Une année particulière: 1973 et les tourments de l'Europe (2020)

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See detailEffective Implementation of the ATAD: Information Collection, Exchange and Monitoring through DAC 6
Pantazatou, Aikaterini UL

in Haslehner, Werner; Pantazatou, Aikaterini; Kofler, Georg (Eds.) et al A Guide to the Anti-Tax Avoidance Directive (2020)

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See detailPostwachstumsgeographien. Konzeptionelle und thematische Eckpunkte der Anthologie
Schulz, Christian UL; Lange, Bastian; Hülz, Martina et al

in Lange, Bastian; Hülz, Martina; Schmid, Benedikt (Eds.) et al Postwachstumsgeographien. Raumbezüge diverser und alternativer Ökonomien (2020)

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See detailPostwachstum finanzieren? Grüne Finanzprodukte für veränderte Produktionslogiken
Dörry, Sabine; Schulz, Christian UL

in Lange, Bastian; Hülz, Martina; Schmid, Benedikt (Eds.) et al Postwachstumsgeographien. Raumbezüge diverser und alternativer Ökonomien (2020)

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See detailThe Future Food Chain: Digitization as an Enabler of Society 5.0
Keogh, John G.; Dube, Laurette; Rejeb, Abderahman et al

in Building the Future of Food Safety Technology, 1st Edition, Blockchain and Beyond (2020)

Food systems and food supply chains (FSCs) have undergone significant changes in their operations and structure over the last decade as globalization expands both food choice and availability. As FSCs ... [more ▼]

Food systems and food supply chains (FSCs) have undergone significant changes in their operations and structure over the last decade as globalization expands both food choice and availability. As FSCs lengthen, and food passes through extended trading relationships, transparency on food origins, methods of cultivation, harvest, processing as well as labor conditions and sustainability is reduced, along with food trust. Moreover, while the rapid pace of technology innovation benefits FSCs, we are witness to the usage of social media platforms by citizen-consumers to amplify the rhetoric related to recurring incidents and crises in food quality, food safety, food fraud, food security, sustainability, and other ethical lapses. Furthermore, we are witness to new evidence on the global burden of foodborne diseases, including non-communicable diseases that range from severe malnutrition to morbid obesity and from severe illnesses requiring hospitalization to mortality. The World Health Organization claims that thirty-one foodborne hazards cause six-hundred million illnesses and four-hundred and twenty thousand deaths annually. Overcoming these challenges requires a holistic reframing of our food systems and societal challenges. The emergence of the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) provides an overarching framework for collaboration and alignment. Japan has put forward a vision for a human-centric, technology-enabled future branded as "Society 5.0". Increasingly, the redesign of FSCs necessitates a concerted, multi-stakeholder effort and the development of digitization strategies in order to cope with the evolution toward the vision of Society 5.0 and to achieve the UN SDGs. [less ▲]

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See detailBlockchain and GS1 Standards in the Food Chain: A Review of the Possibilities and Challenges
Keogh, John G.; Rejeb, Abderahman; Khan, Nida UL et al

in Building the Future of Food Safety Technology, 1st Edition, Blockchain and Beyond (2020)

The globalization of food systems has engendered significant changes to the operation and structure of food supply chains (FSCs). Alongside increasing consumer demands for safe and sustainable food ... [more ▼]

The globalization of food systems has engendered significant changes to the operation and structure of food supply chains (FSCs). Alongside increasing consumer demands for safe and sustainable food products, FSCs are challenged with issues related to information transparency and consumer trust. Uncertainty in matters of transparency and trust arises from the growing information asymmetry between food producers and food consumers. In particular: how and where food is cultivated, harvested, processed, and under what conditions. FSCs are tasked with guaranteeing the highest standards in food quality and food safety-ensuring the use of safe and authentic ingredients, limiting product perishability, and mitigating the risk of opportunism such as quality cheating or falsification of information. A sustainable, food-secure world will require multidirectional sharing of information and enhanced information symmetry between food producers and food consumers. The need for information symmetry will drive transformational changes in FSCs methods of practice and will require a coherent standardized framework of best practice recommendations to manage logistic units in the food chain A standardized framework will enhance food traceability, drive FSC efficiencies, enable data interoperability, improve data governance practices, and set supply chain identification standards for products and assets (what), exchange parties (who), locations (where), business processes (why) and sequence (when). FSCs began to adopt industry-driven supply chain standards in 1974 when the first barcode was scanned at a point-of-sale at Marsh's Supermarket in Troy, Ohio. However, the adoption of standards alone will not adequately address the challenges created by the information asymmetry between food producers and food consumers. Therefore, this paper examines the integration of GS1 standards with the functional components of Blockchain technology as an approach to realize a coherent standardized framework of industry-based tools for successful FSC transformation. [less ▲]

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See detailLuxembourg - Recent and Pending CJEU Cases: Fiscal Unity, Taxpayers' fundamental rights and the FIAT case
Pantazatou, Aikaterini UL

in Lang, Michael; Pistone, Pasquale; Rust, Alexander (Eds.) et al CJEU: Recent Developments in Direct Taxation 2019 (2020)

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See detailThe Apple State Aid Case
Haslehner, Werner UL; Ancora, Antonio UL

in Lang, Michael; Pistone, Pasquale; Rust, Alexander (Eds.) et al CJEU - Recent Developments in Direct Taxation 2019 (2020)

The Apple Case raises a number of questions concerning the application of State aid review to the taxation of multinational entities. The case’s prominence stems primarily from the taxpayer’s brand ... [more ▼]

The Apple Case raises a number of questions concerning the application of State aid review to the taxation of multinational entities. The case’s prominence stems primarily from the taxpayer’s brand recognition and the amount of taxes at stake; the legal questions raised, however, are interesting in their own right: the case differs in several respects from the previously decided Fiat and Starbucks cases, leaving the outcome quite open. First, while it has been held by the General Court in those previous cases that the arm’s length principle can be used as a yardstick to assess transfer prices accepted by a Member State’s administration, it is not inevitable that this implies the similar applicability of the AOA to branches of non-resident companies. Second, the application of the AOA appears only to be leading to a decisive win for the Commission if the Court agrees that the US head offices do not exercise important functions related to Apple’s IP. As the Commission both accepted the claim that the subsidiaries’ effective management and control was exercised there and did not challenge the CSA (and – by implication – accepted the reality of ownership of IP by those subsidiaries), this may turn out to be difficult to prove. A third doubt arises from the apparent acceptance by the Commission that the aid granted by Ireland could be reduced to the extent that other countries would make valid claims to tax the same profits that the Commission considers attributable to the Irish branches, especially in light of the fact that it appears the entirety of the relevant profits can be included in US taxation following the reforms introduced with the 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act with respect to global intangible low-taxed income. That being said, the Commission is surely on stronger ground in claiming that the Irish tax system as applied in practice may have left too much discretion to tax authorities in any given case. It will be interesting to see how much weight the Court will give to the paucity of available documentation from the time of the tax rulings, and how it will consider the transfer-pricing reports produced ex post facto to justify the outcome when the Commission investigated them. [less ▲]

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See detailLockdown strategies, mobility patterns and COVID-19
Askitas, Nikos; Tatsiramos, Konstantinos UL; Berheyden, Bertrand

in Covid Economics - Vetted and Real-Time Papers (2020)

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See detailDe la déclaration du 9 mai 1950 vers l’Union européenne
Danescu, Elena UL; da Silva, Joana UL; Backes, Yuriko et al

in Danescu, Elena; da Silva, Joana; Europe Direct Information Centre de l'Université du Luxembourg, (Eds.) et al De la déclaration du 9 mai 1950 vers l’Union européenne (2020)

Destiné à un large public de tous horisons, cette publications originale traite de la signification historique de la Déclaration prononcée le 9 mai 1950 par Robert Schuman, de ses échos dans le présent ... [more ▼]

Destiné à un large public de tous horisons, cette publications originale traite de la signification historique de la Déclaration prononcée le 9 mai 1950 par Robert Schuman, de ses échos dans le présent, ainsi que des liens de Robert Schuman avec le Luxembourg et du rôle du Grand-Duché dans la construction européenne. Une section distincte est consacrée à la Maison de Robert Schuman située à Clausen sur laquelle l'Université du Luxembourg veille depuis 2016, le Luxembourg Centre for Contemporary and Digital History (C²DH). Une chronologie retrace les étapes-clé du proessus de la construction européenne. [less ▲]

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See detailScrivere per ricordare
Portante, Claudio UL

in Cicotti, Claudio; Portante, Jean; Radicati, Stella (Eds.) Diamo forma alla vita (2020)

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See detailAssyria in Early Modern Historiography
Sarha, Jennifer UL

in Grogan, Jane (Ed.) Beyond Greece and Rome: Reading the Ancient <near East in Early Modern Europe (2020)

This article provides a starting point for the understudied pre-nineteenth-century reception of Assyria. In early modern Europe, knowledge about ancient Assyria was mainly derived from a small pool of ... [more ▼]

This article provides a starting point for the understudied pre-nineteenth-century reception of Assyria. In early modern Europe, knowledge about ancient Assyria was mainly derived from a small pool of classical authors; an entirely textual tradition, centred around the figures of Semiramis and Sardanapalus, which was transmitted through strict repetition in late medieval and early modern history writing. The narrow scope and repetitive nature of this tradition raise questions for historiography – what kind of historical knowledge can be produced from such limited sources? And, crucially, what notions about Assyria can emerge here? By examining the treatment of Semiramis and Sardanapalus in three geographically and chronologically diverse case-studies (Giovanni Boccaccio, Johannes Carion and Philip Melanchthon, and Walter Ralegh), this article sheds light on the negotiations between received practices and historiographical trends, the influence of moral imperatives and gendered logic, and establishes the longevity and pan-European spread of the historiographical tradition on Assyria. [less ▲]

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See detailAccommodation of non-nationals in Luxembourg
Murdock, Elke UL; Wronska, Iwona

in Klos, Agnieszka; Misiuna, Jan; Pachocka, Marta (Eds.) et al Connecting the European Union of shared aims, freedoms, values and responsibilities. European Union and its values: freedom, solidarity, democracy (2020)

In the space of less than 150 years, the population of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, more than doubled, which is largely attributable to immigration. Today, almost half of the population are foreigners ... [more ▼]

In the space of less than 150 years, the population of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, more than doubled, which is largely attributable to immigration. Today, almost half of the population are foreigners. The authors argue that that the current immigration policy of Luxembourg is based on a strategy of accommodation. They identify three major pillars of this strategy. The first pillar creates conditions favourable to adaptation with the host society. The second pillar brings liberal provisions for naturalization, and the third one offers an open and generous admission of refugees [less ▲]

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See detailThe Difficult Construction of European Banking Union: Introduction
Howarth, David UL; Schild, Joachim

in Howarth, David; Schild, Joachim (Eds.) The Difficult Construction of European Banking Union (2020)

Banking Union represents one of the most important developments in European integration since the launch of Monetary Union. Furthermore, the design of the Banking Union agreed between 2012 and 2014 was a ... [more ▼]

Banking Union represents one of the most important developments in European integration since the launch of Monetary Union. Furthermore, the design of the Banking Union agreed between 2012 and 2014 was a messy compromise among European Union (EU) member states. It is not surprising then that Banking Union has sparked a lively academic debate and triggered an ever-growing number of publications from different disciplinary backgrounds. This edited volume is located at the intersection of two major waves of academic research on Banking Union. The first wave of academic work focuses upon the economic rationale underpinning the supranationalisation of control over banking—regulation, supervision, support and resolution—and the political dynamics and legal issues that shaped the design of the Banking Union agreed. This literature focuses upon Banking Union’s foundational phase between 2012 and 2014 when the major texts enshrining Banking Union in law were negotiated and adopted. The second stage of academic research analyses the functioning of the different elements of Banking Union. New research questions have been triggered by the—albeit limited—empirical evidence on the operation of the supranational supervision and resolution of banks. Contributions to this second wave of Banking Union-related research attempt to identify potentially dangerous lacunae and contribute to on-going reform debates. This edited volume brings together the work of sixteen scholars focused on the political, legal and economic debates surrounding the construction and operation of Banking Union, and its necessary reform. [less ▲]

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See detailDie Pädagogisierung des Konsums. Zur Warenhaus- und Konsumkritik von rechts und links.
Lenz, Thomas UL

in De Vincenti, Andrea; Grube, Norbert; Hofmann, Michèle (Eds.) et al Pädagogisierung des "guten Lebens". Bildungshistorische Perspektiven auf Ambitionen und Dynamiken im 20. Jahrhundert. (2020)

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See detailTax Treaty Arbitration in Luxembourg
Chaouche, Fatima UL; Pantazatou, Aikaterini UL

in Lang, Michael; Owens, Jeffrey; Pistone, Pasquale (Eds.) et al Tax Treaty Arbitration (2020)

Tax Treaty dispute resolution through the Mutual Assistance Procedure (MAP) is particularly relevant in Luxembourg. Luxembourg has, as of May 2018, 81 Double Tax Convention (henceforth, “DTC”) out of ... [more ▼]

Tax Treaty dispute resolution through the Mutual Assistance Procedure (MAP) is particularly relevant in Luxembourg. Luxembourg has, as of May 2018, 81 Double Tax Convention (henceforth, “DTC”) out of which only 12 provide for arbitration clauses. In contrast, while the Arbitration procedure is also available, it is barely used in practice as the MAP procedure proves to be the most common form of resolution of tax treaty dispute resolutions in Luxembourg. [less ▲]

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See detailTranslanguaging practices in early childhood education in Luxembourg
Kirsch, Claudine UL

in Kirsch, Claudine; Duarte, Joana (Eds.) Multilingual approaches for teaching and learning. From acknowledging to capitalizing on multilingualism in European mainstream education. (2020)

Calls for multilingual pedagogies have reached early childhood education and some programmes have been implemented in Europe. However, their focus frequently remains on the majority language and home ... [more ▼]

Calls for multilingual pedagogies have reached early childhood education and some programmes have been implemented in Europe. However, their focus frequently remains on the majority language and home languages are given little space. For multilingual programmes to be inclusive and empowering, professionals need to break with monolingual practices based on monolingual ideologies. The resource-oriented pedagogy of translanguaging which challenges hegemonic practices, is one way in which professionals can give space to all languages, leverage children’s resources and contribute to their development. The present chapter presents the findings of a professional development on multilingual pedagogies in Luxembourg. Data stem from observations, video-recorded activities and interviews with four practitioners, two working in a formal education setting and two in a non-formal one. The findings show that the practitioners developed a positive stance towards translanguaging and multilingual education, learned to design a child-centred and holistic multilingual learning environment and used languages flexibly, deploying translation, code-switching and translanguaging. This dynamic language use facilitated communication, participation, language learning and well-being. There were differences between the practitioners’ flexible language use. The professionals in the school did not use pair talk, made less use of code-switching and used languages more strategically and responsibly than the caregivers in the crèche. [less ▲]

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See detailConclusion and future research
Kirsch, Claudine UL

in Kirsch, Claudine (Ed.) Multilingual approaches for teaching and learning. From acknowledging to capitalising on multilingualism in European mainstream education (2020)

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See detailIntroduction: multilingual approaches to teaching and learning
Duarte, Joana; Kirsch, Claudine UL

in Kirsch, Claudine; Duarte, Joana (Eds.) Multilingual approaches for teaching and learning. From acknowledging to capitalising on multilingualism in European mainstream education (2020)

In the wake of the increasing societal diversity in Europe, it is imperative that teachers reflect on their teaching approaches and adjust them to cater for the growing number of multilingual pupils. This ... [more ▼]

In the wake of the increasing societal diversity in Europe, it is imperative that teachers reflect on their teaching approaches and adjust them to cater for the growing number of multilingual pupils. This introductory chapter outlines the monolingual mindset and language hierarchies that still exist in European education systems, and explains these are a result of the nation-forming movements of the nineteenth century. Next, four types of language instruction are presented: foreign language instruction; second language pedagogy; bilingual/monoglossic instruction; and plurilingual/heteroglossic instruction. The chapter continues with different types of multilingual approaches in mainstream educational settings that capitalise on multilingualism for teaching and learning, among them intercomprehension and translanguaging. Having explained these, the chapter explores the importance of partnerships with parents, professional development, and language policies because these actors and factors contribute to the effectiveness and sustainability of the approaches. The chapter concludes with a presentation of the structure of this volume as well as of the individual chapters. [less ▲]

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See detailEffective professional development and sustainability of multilingual approaches
Kirsch, Claudine UL; Duarte, Joana; Palviainen, Åsa

in Kirsch, Claudine; Duarte, Joana (Eds.) Multilingual approaches for teaching and learning. From acknowledging to capitalising on multilingualism in European mainstream education (2020)

Policies and professional development which focusses on pedagogical skills, beliefs, and agency are essential to ensure the sustainability of multilingual teaching approaches. This chapter begins with an ... [more ▼]

Policies and professional development which focusses on pedagogical skills, beliefs, and agency are essential to ensure the sustainability of multilingual teaching approaches. This chapter begins with an overview of research studies on language policies, teacher agency and beliefs with a focus on multilingual settings. The intertwining of policy and teaching practice is then illustrated by means of the Finnish case, demonstrating how recent ECEC policies advocating diversity and plurilingualism have gradually changed teacher beliefs. The second part of the chapter focuses on professional development (PD) in so far as it is able to support teachers in implementing policies, changing pedagogical practices, and amending beliefs. This section presents different pathways for professional learning and explores the effectiveness of various models of professional development. These observations are taken up in two empirical studies on teachers’ professional development within multilingual preschool classes in Luxembourg and primary schools in the Netherlands. The interview and observation data provided in the two contexts point to the centrality of teacher beliefs and agency in moving towards multilingual practices and sustainable change. Furthermore, it unveils the ways in which teachers’ beliefs, knowledge, and practices change over time, and how effective PD programmes can support teachers in interpreting policies and developing new practices. [less ▲]

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See detailVon Pong zur Panik? Videospiele als gesellschaftlich relevantes Forschungsthema
Melzer, André UL

in Amann, Wilhelm; Sieburg, Heinz (Eds.) Spiel-Räume. Das "Spiel" in Diskursen der Kultur und Wissenschaften (2020)

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See detailExploring Affect in Stop Frame Animation
Budach, Gabriele UL; Efremov, Dmitrii UL; Loghin, Daniela et al

in Toohey, Kelleen; Smythe, Suzanne; Dagenais, Diane (Eds.) et al Transforming Language and Literacy Education: New Materialism, Posthumanism, and Ontoethics (2020)

The text explores affect as it unfolded for Master students, co-authoring this article, while engaging with personally meaningful objects, making their first animation movie, and reflecting on this ... [more ▼]

The text explores affect as it unfolded for Master students, co-authoring this article, while engaging with personally meaningful objects, making their first animation movie, and reflecting on this process in the light of new materialist theories. The text is an experiment, emerging from a collective process of living animation making, and intensely discussing, co-thinking and co-writing about this experience. The text attempts to make tangible this complex process, and it aims to share with the reader the potential of animation making as a source of affect, emerging from a temporary assemblage of people and things joint in co-creation and co-agentive collaboration, driven by affective intensities. It aims, furthermore, to recommend animation making as a powerful tool to put in motion learners and learning about materiality, time, space, and our connections with things and people, spurred by affect as a driving force that pushes us towards discovery. The text ultimately seeks to propose an approach towards learning and understanding literacy that takes impetus and grounding from the forces of living, open to the unforeseen and unpredictable, and based in processes of immanence, emergence and movement, rather than in stasis and pre-meditated design. [less ▲]

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See detailTerminologisch gesichert, musikalisch gerechtfertigt? Das „Sinfonische“ und das „Philharmonische“ im Blasmusikwesen
Sagrillo, Damien UL

in Sagrillo, Damien (Ed.) Kongressbericht Wadgassen, Deutschland 2018 (2020)

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See detailAkademische Profile von Schüler*innen zur Bestimmung der Akkuratheit von Schulübergangsempfehlungen – eine Validierungsstudie
Pit-Ten Cate, Ineke UL; Hörstermann, Thomas UL

in Glock, Sabine; Kleen, Hannah (Eds.) Stereotype in der Schule (2020)

In verschiedenen europäischen Ländern führt der Wechsel zur Sekundarschule zu einer bedeutsamen Aufgliederung der Bildungswege, welche ein unterschiedlich hohes Schulleistungsniveau der Schüler*innen ... [more ▼]

In verschiedenen europäischen Ländern führt der Wechsel zur Sekundarschule zu einer bedeutsamen Aufgliederung der Bildungswege, welche ein unterschiedlich hohes Schulleistungsniveau der Schüler*innen voraussetzen. Die Akkuratheit der Zuweisung von Sekundarschulformen bestimmt nicht nur die Optionen der Schüler*innen bei späteren Übergangen im Bildungssystem, sondern beeinflusst auch den weiteren beruflichen und persönlichen Werdegang der Schüler*innen. Schüler*innen mit Migrationshintergrund sind auf die höheren sekundären Schulformen unterrepräsentiert. Inwiefern diese Unterrepräsentation auf stereotypgeprägte Leistungserwartungen zurückzuführen ist, ist bis jetzt unklar, denn es lisgt kein Kriterium vor, um die Urteilsakkuratheit adäquat zu messen. In diesem Kapitel wird ein Ansatz beschrieben, ein solches Akkuratheitskriterium zu entwickeln und zu validieren. In einem zweiten Schritt wird das Kriterium angewendet, um den Zusammenhang zwischen stereotypgeprägten Erwartungen und der Akkuratheit der Übergangsentscheidungen zu untersuchen. Das Kriterium erweist sich als valides Maß und könnte so einen wertvollen Ansatz für weitere Untersuchungen der Akkuratheit von Lehrerurteilen darstellen. Obwohl Lehrer*innen im Allgemeinen eine hohe Urteilsakkuratheit aufweisen, bestätigen die Befunde dennoch die Zusammenhänge zwischen stereotypgeprägten Erwartungen und Urteilsverzerrungen. [less ▲]

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See detailDie Einstellungen von Lehrpersonen gegenüber Schüler*innen ethnischer Minoritäten und Schüler*innen mit sonderpädagogischem Förderbedarf: Ein Forschungsüberblick
Glock, Sabine; Kleen, Hannah; Krischler, Mireille UL et al

in Glock, Sabine; Kleen, Hannah (Eds.) Stereotype in der Schule (2020)

In diesem Artikel wird ein Forschungsüberblick über Einstellungen sowohl gegenüber Schüler*innen ethnischer Minoritäten als auch gegenüber Schüler*innen mit sonderpädagogischem Förderbedarf sowie ... [more ▼]

In diesem Artikel wird ein Forschungsüberblick über Einstellungen sowohl gegenüber Schüler*innen ethnischer Minoritäten als auch gegenüber Schüler*innen mit sonderpädagogischem Förderbedarf sowie gegenüber Inklusion gegeben. Lehrkrafteinstellungen gelten als wichtiger Faktor einerseits bezüglich einer erfolgreichen Inklusion von Schüler*innen mit sonderpädagogischem Förderbedarf, andererseits aber auch, wenn es um ethnische Ungleichheiten geht. Aus diesem Grund sind gerade Schüler*innen ethnischer Minoritäten interessant, da diese häufig als sogenannte „Bildungsverlierer“ gelten. Der Überblick geht dabei sowohl auf implizite als auch auf explizite Einstellungen von Lehrkräften und Lehramtsstudierenden ein und führt die Relevanz moderierender Variablen, wie die Berufserfahrung oder den Kontakt, auf. Darüber hinaus wird auf die Relation zwischen Einstellungen und Verhalten eingegangen. Es zeigt sich, dass für Schüler*innen ethnischer Minoritäten sowie für Schüler*innen mit sonderpädagogischem Förderbedarf die impliziten Einstellungen negativ und die expliziten positiv sind. Darüber hinaus zeigt sich, dass die Einstellungen nicht stabil sind, sondern je nach zusätzlicher moderierender Variable variieren. Insbesondere bei den Einstellungen gegenüber Schüler*innen ethnischer Minoritäten lässt sich ein Zusammenhang zwischen Einstellungen und Verhalten von Lehrkräften finden. Die bisherige Forschung wird hinsichtlich möglicher zukünftiger Forschung und praktischer Implikationen diskutiert. [less ▲]

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See detailStereotypen hinsichtlich Schüler*innen mit sonderpädagogischem Förderbedarf: Lehrerüberzeugen, -erwartungen und –gefühle
Pit-Ten Cate, Ineke UL; Krischler, Mireille UL

in Glock, Sabine; Kleen, Hannah (Eds.) Stereotype in der Schule (2020)

Dieses Kapitel geht der Frage nach, ob Lehrer*innenüberzeugungen und -erwartungen je nach sonderpädagogischem Förderbedarf variieren. Außerdem wurde deren Einfluss sowohl auf die Gefühle bei ... [more ▼]

Dieses Kapitel geht der Frage nach, ob Lehrer*innenüberzeugungen und -erwartungen je nach sonderpädagogischem Förderbedarf variieren. Außerdem wurde deren Einfluss sowohl auf die Gefühle bei Auseinandersetzung mit der Inklusion von unterschiedlichen Schüler*innen als auch auf die persönliche Bereitschaft, Inklusion umzusetzen, untersucht. Die Studien basieren einerseits auf dem Kontinuum-Modell der Eindrucksbildung und betrachten andererseits das Stereotype-Content-Modell, nach dem Wärme und Kompetenz über 80 % der Unterschiedlichkeit in der Personenwahrnehmung erklären. Die Ergebnisse zeigten, dass Überzeugungen und Erwartungen von der Art des Förderbedarfs beeinflusst werden. Positivere Überzeugungen bezüglich der Schüler*innenmerkmale (Wärme und Kompetenz) und höhere Leistungserwartungen waren hierbei mit positiveren Gefühlen und einer stärker ausgeprägten persönlichen Bereitschaft, die Schüler*innen mit sonderpädagogischem Förderbedarf zu inkludieren, verbunden. Abschließend werden die daraus resultierenden Konsequenzen für die Lehreraus- und weiterbildung abgeleitet und diskutiert. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Kings of Egypt in Paolino Veneto's Universal Chronicles
Léglu, Catherine UL

in Morosini, Roberta; Ciccuto, Marcello (Eds.) Paolino Veneto : Storico, narratore e geografo (2020)

A comparison of two illustrated world chronicles produced under the direction of Paolino Veneto (1321-26) in Venice and Avignon. The depiction of the kings of Egypt differs between the manuscripts. The ... [more ▼]

A comparison of two illustrated world chronicles produced under the direction of Paolino Veneto (1321-26) in Venice and Avignon. The depiction of the kings of Egypt differs between the manuscripts. The Latin version shows them almost identical to the European rules, whereas the Occitan-language version depicts them as Africans, and is hostile in its images. This chapter examines the possible cultural and literary sources for this difference, and suggests that the French artists who worked on the Occitan version were influenced by the Old French 'chanson de geste', while the hostile depiction of Egypt may well reflect the political and crusading concerns of papal Avignon. [less ▲]

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See detailAsca Rampini im kulturellen und sozialen Kontext
Sagrillo, Damien UL

in Sagrillo, Damien (Ed.) Asca Rampini (1931-1999). Ein "Italiener" in Luxemburg. Dirigent und Komponist (2020)

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See detailCognitive Factors associated to Gaming Disorders
Billieux, Joël; Potenza, Marc; Maurage, Pierre et al

in Verdejo-Garcia, Antonio (Ed.) Cognition and addiction: A Researcher’s Guide From Mechanisms Towards Interventions (2020)

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See detailWhat's in an Icon? Promises and Pitfalls of Data Protection Iconography
Rossi, Arianna UL; Palmirani, Monica

in Leenes, Ronald; Hallinan, Dara; Gutwirth, Serge (Eds.) et al Data Protection and Privacy: Data Protection and Democracy (2020)

Under the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), transparency of information becomes an obligation aimed at creating an ecosystem where data subjects understand and control what happens to their ... [more ▼]

Under the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), transparency of information becomes an obligation aimed at creating an ecosystem where data subjects understand and control what happens to their personal data. The definition of transparency stresses its user-centric nature, while design considerations to comply with this obligation assume central importance. This article focuses on the icons established by the GDPR Art. 12.7 to offer “a meaningful overview of the intended processing”. Existing attempts to represent data protection through icons have not met widespread adoption and reasons about the strengths and weaknesses of their creation and evaluation are here discussed. Building on this analysis, we present an empirical research proposing a new icon set that responds to GDPR requirements. The article also discusses the challenges of creating and evaluating such icon set and provides some future directions of research for effective an effective implementation and standardization. [less ▲]

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