References of "Scientific journals"      in Complete repository Arts & humanities   Archaeology   Art & art history   Classical & oriental studies   History   Languages & linguistics   Literature   Performing arts   Philosophy & ethics   Religion & theology   Multidisciplinary, general & others Business & economic sciences   Accounting & auditing   Production, distribution & supply chain management   Finance   General management & organizational theory   Human resources management   Management information systems   Marketing   Strategy & innovation   Quantitative methods in economics & management   General economics & history of economic thought   International economics   Macroeconomics & monetary economics   Microeconomics   Economic systems & public economics   Social economics   Special economic topics (health, labor, transportation…)   Multidisciplinary, general & others Engineering, computing & technology   Aerospace & aeronautics engineering   Architecture   Chemical engineering   Civil engineering   Computer science   Electrical & electronics engineering   Energy   Geological, petroleum & mining engineering   Materials science & engineering   Mechanical engineering   Multidisciplinary, general & others Human health sciences   Alternative medicine   Anesthesia & intensive care   Cardiovascular & respiratory systems   Dentistry & oral medicine   Dermatology   Endocrinology, metabolism & nutrition   Forensic medicine   Gastroenterology & hepatology   General & internal medicine   Geriatrics   Hematology   Immunology & infectious disease   Laboratory medicine & medical technology   Neurology   Oncology   Ophthalmology   Orthopedics, rehabilitation & sports medicine   Otolaryngology   Pediatrics   Pharmacy, pharmacology & toxicology   Psychiatry   Public health, health care sciences & services   Radiology, nuclear medicine & imaging   Reproductive medicine (gynecology, andrology, obstetrics)   Rheumatology   Surgery   Urology & nephrology   Multidisciplinary, general & others Law, criminology & political science   Civil law   Criminal law & procedure   Criminology   Economic & commercial law   European & international law   Judicial law   Metalaw, Roman law, history of law & comparative law   Political science, public administration & international relations   Public law   Social law   Tax law   Multidisciplinary, general & others Life sciences   Agriculture & agronomy   Anatomy (cytology, histology, embryology...) & physiology   Animal production & animal husbandry   Aquatic sciences & oceanology   Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology   Biotechnology   Entomology & pest control   Environmental sciences & ecology   Food science   Genetics & genetic processes   Microbiology   Phytobiology (plant sciences, forestry, mycology...)   Veterinary medicine & animal health   Zoology   Multidisciplinary, general & others Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences   Chemistry   Earth sciences & physical geography   Mathematics   Physics   Space science, astronomy & astrophysics   Multidisciplinary, general & others Social & behavioral sciences, psychology   Animal psychology, ethology & psychobiology   Anthropology   Communication & mass media   Education & instruction   Human geography & demography   Library & information sciences   Neurosciences & behavior   Regional & inter-regional studies   Social work & social policy   Sociology & social sciences   Social, industrial & organizational psychology   Theoretical & cognitive psychology   Treatment & clinical psychology   Multidisciplinary, general & others     Showing results 1501 to 1600 of 17782     11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21     Hyperbolic dispersion metasurfaces for molecular biosensingPalermo, Giovanna; Sreekanth, Kandammathe Valiyaveedu; Maccaferri, Nicolò et alin Nanophotonics (2021), 10(1), 295314Sensor technology has become increasingly crucial in medical research and clinical diagnostics to directly detect small numbers of low-molecular-weight biomolecules relevant for lethal diseases. In recent ... [more ▼]Sensor technology has become increasingly crucial in medical research and clinical diagnostics to directly detect small numbers of low-molecular-weight biomolecules relevant for lethal diseases. In recent years, various technologies have been developed, a number of them becoming core label-free technologies for detection of cancer biomarkers and viruses. However, to radically improve early disease diagnostics, tracking of disease progression and evaluation of treatments, today’s biosensing techniques still require a radical innovation to deliver high sensitivity, specificity, diffusion-limited transport, and accuracy for both nucleic acids and proteins. In this review, we discuss both scientific and technological aspects of hyperbolic dispersion metasurfaces for molecular biosensing. Optical metasurfaces have offered the tantalizing opportunity to engineer wavefronts while its intrinsic nanoscale patterns promote tremendous molecular interactions and selective binding. Hyperbolic dispersion metasurfaces support high-k modes that proved to be extremely sensitive to minute concentrations of ultralow-molecular-weight proteins and nucleic acids. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 120 (7 UL) Interactive Exploration of Large-scale UI Datasets with Design MapsLeiva, Luis A. ; Hota, Asutosh; Oulasvirta, Anttiin Interacting with Computers (2021)Detailed reference viewed: 63 (7 UL) Functional Scalability and Replicability Analysis for Smart Grid Functions: The InteGrid Project ApproachPotenciano Menci, Sergio ; Bessa, Ricardo J.; Herndler, Barbara et alin Energies (2021), 14(18 5685), The evolution of the electrical power sector due to the advances in digitalization, decarbonization and decentralization has led to the increase in challenges within the current distribution network ... [more ▼]The evolution of the electrical power sector due to the advances in digitalization, decarbonization and decentralization has led to the increase in challenges within the current distribution network. Therefore, there is an increased need to analyze the impact of the smart grid and its implemented solutions in order to address these challenges at the earliest stage, i.e., during the pilot phase and before large-scale deployment and mass adoption. Therefore, this paper presents the scalability and replicability analysis conducted within the European project InteGrid. Within the project, innovative solutions are proposed and tested in real demonstration sites (Portugal, Slovenia, and Sweden) to enable the DSO as a market facilitator and to assess the impact of the scalability and replicability of these solutions when integrated into the network. The analysis presents a total of three clusters where the impact of several integrated smart tools is analyzed alongside future large scale scenarios. These large scale scenarios envision significant penetration of distributed energy resources, increased network dimensions, large pools of flexibility, and prosumers. The replicability is analyzed through different types of networks, locations (country-wise), or time (daily). In addition, a simple replication path based on a step by step approach is proposed as a guideline to replicate the smart functions associated with each of the clusters. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 43 (0 UL) The Breuer-Major Theorem in total variation: improved rates under minimal regularityNourdin, Ivan ; Nualart, David; Peccati, Giovanni in Stochastic Processes and Their Applications (2021), 131Detailed reference viewed: 112 (6 UL) Multi-informant assessment of bullying in Austrian schoolsPaljakka, Antonia; Schwab, Susanne; Zurbriggen, Carmen in Frontiers in Education (2021), 6(712318), Detailed reference viewed: 17 (0 UL) BücherschauSteveker, Lena ; Laqué, Stephanin Shakekespeare Jahrbuch (2021), 157Detailed reference viewed: 17 (2 UL) Review - The Lost Soldier: The Ordeal of a World War II GI from the Home Front to the Hürtgen ForestJanz, Nina in Michigan War Studies Review (2021)Detailed reference viewed: 32 (3 UL) Dense and Sparse 3D Deformation Signatures for 3D Dynamic Face RecognitionShabayek, Abd El Rahman ; Aouada, Djamila in IEEE Access (2021), 9Detailed reference viewed: 91 (4 UL) A review of selected physical education teacher education texts in German (2019–2020)Scheuer, Claude in International Journal of Physical Education (2021), 58(1), 1-12This review article analyses research articles on the topic of physical education teacher education published in German-speaking scientific journals in the period between January 2019 and December 2020 ... [more ▼]This review article analyses research articles on the topic of physical education teacher education published in German-speaking scientific journals in the period between January 2019 and December 2020. In total, more than 60 journal issues of the journals Bewegung & Sport, German Journal of Exercise and Sport Research, Sportpädagogik, Sportunterricht, Zeitschrift für Sportpädagogische Forschung, and Zeitschrift für Sportpsychologie were reviewed. The reviewed articles are divided into two categories: physical education teachers’ professionalization, and articles focusing on instructional aspects in physical education. In the first category, 23 articles focusing on topics connected with physical education teacher education were analysed in two sections: (1) initial education of physical education teachers and (2) professionalization of physical education teachers. In the second category, 14 articles providing an overview of some current trends and orientations in physical education didactics relevant for physical education teacher education were analysed: (1) teaching and learning in physical education, (2) inclusive physical education and (3) diagnostic competence of physical education teachers. With 23 articles focusing directly on physical education teacher education, a considerable increase of publications on this topic in comparison to previous periods was identified. Most publications address issues related to initial physical education teacher education. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 123 (5 UL) iPSC-Derived Microglia as a Model to Study Inflammation in Idiopathic Parkinson's Disease.Badanjak, Katja ; Mulica, Patrycja ; Smajic, Semra et alin Frontiers in cell and developmental biology (2021), 9Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease with unknown cause in the majority of patients, who are therefore considered "idiopathic" (IPD). PD predominantly affects dopaminergic neurons in ... [more ▼]Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease with unknown cause in the majority of patients, who are therefore considered "idiopathic" (IPD). PD predominantly affects dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc), yet the pathology is not limited to this cell type. Advancing age is considered the main risk factor for the development of IPD and greatly influences the function of microglia, the immune cells of the brain. With increasing age, microglia become dysfunctional and release pro-inflammatory factors into the extracellular space, which promote neuronal cell death. Accordingly, neuroinflammation has also been described as a feature of PD. So far, studies exploring inflammatory pathways in IPD patient samples have primarily focused on blood-derived immune cells or brain sections, but rarely investigated patient microglia in vitro. Accordingly, we decided to explore the contribution of microglia to IPD in a comparative manner using, both, iPSC-derived cultures and postmortem tissue. Our meta-analysis of published RNAseq datasets indicated an upregulation of IL10 and IL1B in nigral tissue from IPD patients. We observed increased expression levels of these cytokines in microglia compared to neurons using our single-cell midbrain atlas. Moreover, IL10 and IL1B were upregulated in IPD compared to control microglia. Next, to validate these findings in vitro, we generated IPD patient microglia from iPSCs using an established differentiation protocol. IPD microglia were more readily primed as indicated by elevated IL1B and IL10 gene expression and higher mRNA and protein levels of NLRP3 after LPS treatment. In addition, IPD microglia had higher phagocytic capacity under basal conditions-a phenotype that was further exacerbated upon stimulation with LPS, suggesting an aberrant microglial function. Our results demonstrate the significance of microglia as the key player in the neuroinflammation process in IPD. While our study highlights the importance of microglia-mediated inflammatory signaling in IPD, further investigations will be needed to explore particular disease mechanisms in these cells. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 97 (15 UL) CABEAN: a software for the control of asynchronous Boolean networksSu, Cui; Pang, Jun in Bioinformatics (2021), 36(6), 879-881Detailed reference viewed: 86 (3 UL) Interoception in preschoolers: New insights into its assessment and relations to emotion regulation and stressOpdensteinen, Kim D.; Schaan, Luca; Pohl, Anna et alin Biological Psychology (2021), 165(1), 108166Interoception may play an important role for emotion regulation and stress, thereby affecting mental health in children and adults. Yet, little is known on interoception in preschool children. Therefore ... [more ▼]Interoception may play an important role for emotion regulation and stress, thereby affecting mental health in children and adults. Yet, little is known on interoception in preschool children. Therefore, we investigated interoceptive accuracy using the adapted Jumping Jack Paradigm (JJP) and its relationship with emotion regulation and stress. In Study I, 40 preschoolers completed the JJP and an emotion regulation task, demonstrating a positive relationship between interoceptive accuracy and emotion regulation at trend level (R² = 0.231, p = .023; β = .278, p = .073). In Study II, 31 preschoolers completed the adapted JJP before and after an acute laboratory stress test. Higher total cortisol output following acute stress induction were associated with reduced interoceptive accuracy (r = -0.670, p = .017). Extending earlier findings in adults and school-children, the relationship of interoceptive accuracy with emotion regulation and stress highlights the importance to investigate interoception in early childhood. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 73 (0 UL) Explicit Kummer theory for quadratic fieldsHörmann, Fritz; Perucca, Antonella ; Sgobba, Pietro et alin JP Journal of Algebra, Number Theory and Applications (2021)Let K be a quadratic number field and let \alpha \in K*. We present an explicit finite procedure to compute at once all Kummer degrees [K(\zeta_m,\sqrt[n]{\alpha}):K(\zeta_m)] for n,m \geq 1 with n|m ... [more ▼]Let K be a quadratic number field and let \alpha \in K*. We present an explicit finite procedure to compute at once all Kummer degrees [K(\zeta_m,\sqrt[n]{\alpha}):K(\zeta_m)] for n,m \geq 1 with n|m, where \zeta_m denotes a primitive m-th root of unity. We can also replace \alpha by any finitely generated subgroup of K*. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 265 (13 UL) Ausschließlichkeit in der (Corona-)Krise – Über Alternativen und Zugangslösungen im pandemierelevanten Innovationsermöglichungsrecht.Stierle, Martin in JuristenZeitung (2021)Detailed reference viewed: 38 (2 UL) Color Vision: Decoding Color SpaceRetter, Talia ; Webster, Michael A.in Current Biology (2021), 31(3), 122-124Detailed reference viewed: 90 (2 UL) Review of: Sacha Pulli (2020). Das gescheiterte Jahrhundertprojekt. Die Geschichte der Atomzentrale in Remerschen von 1973-1979. Luxemburg: Fondation Lydie SchmitKrebs, Stefan in Hemecht: Zeitschrift für Luxemburger Geschichte (2021), 73(4), 496498Detailed reference viewed: 15 (1 UL) Marcel Smets. Fundamenten van het stadsontwerpPeleman, David in De Witte Raaf (2021), 35(210), 41Detailed reference viewed: 40 (0 UL) Design of a 2-Bit Neural Network Quantizer for Laplacian SourcePeric, Zoran; Savic, Milan; Simic, Nikola et alin Entropy (2021), 23(8), 933Achieving real-time inference is one of the major issues in contemporary neural network applications, as complex algorithms are frequently being deployed to mobile devices that have constrained storage ... [more ▼]Achieving real-time inference is one of the major issues in contemporary neural network applications, as complex algorithms are frequently being deployed to mobile devices that have constrained storage and computing power. Moving from a full-precision neural network model to a lower representation by applying quantization techniques is a popular approach to facilitate this issue. Here, we analyze in detail and design a 2-bit uniform quantization model for Laplacian source due to its significance in terms of implementation simplicity, which further leads to a shorter processing time and faster inference. The results show that it is possible to achieve high classification accuracy (more than 96% in the case of MLP and more than 98% in the case of CNN) by implementing the proposed model, which is competitive to the performance of the other quantization solutions with almost optimal precision. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 51 (1 UL) On the construct validity of interoceptive accuracy based on heartbeat counting: cardiovascular determinants of absolute and tilt-induced change scoresSchulz, André ; Back, Sarah N.; Schaan, Violetta K. et alin Biological Psychology (2021), 164(1), 108168Interoceptive accuracy (IAcc) as assessed with the heartbeat counting task (IAccHBCT) may be affected by a range of factors including (1.) the ability to adequately detect cardiac signals, indicated by ... [more ▼]Interoceptive accuracy (IAcc) as assessed with the heartbeat counting task (IAccHBCT) may be affected by a range of factors including (1.) the ability to adequately detect cardiac signals, indicated by IAcc in a heartbeat discrimination task (IAccHBDT), (2.) cardiac signal properties, affected by sympathetic and parasympathetic tone, and (3.) non-interoceptive processes, including time estimation accuracy (TEAcc). In the current study we investigated the contribution of these factors to absolute and Δ IAccHBCT scores, induced by passive head-up and head-down tilt in 49 healthy individuals. A set of hierarchical regression models showed IAccHBDT scores as the strongest and, across different orthostatic (tilt) conditions, most stable (positive) predictor of absolute and Δ IAccHBCT scores. Neither indicators of cardiac signal properties (except for HR in head-down-tilt), nor TEAcc predicted absolute or Δ IAccHBCT scores. These findings support the convergent and discriminant validity of absolute and Δ IAccHBCT scores. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 39 (2 UL) Incremental learning strategies for credit cards fraud detection.Lebichot, Bertrand ; Gian-Marco, Paldino; Wissam, Siblini et alin nternational Journal of Data Science and Analytics (2021)very second, thousands of credit or debit card transactions are processed in financial institutions. This extensive amount of data and its sequential nature make the problem of fraud detection ... [more ▼]very second, thousands of credit or debit card transactions are processed in financial institutions. This extensive amount of data and its sequential nature make the problem of fraud detection particularly challenging. Most analytical strategies used in production are still based on batch learning, which is inadequate for two reasons: Models quickly become outdated and require sensitive data storage. The evolving nature of bank fraud enshrines the importance of having up-to-date models, and sensitive data retention makes companies vulnerable to infringements of the European General Data Protection Regulation. For these reasons, evaluating incremental learning strategies is recommended. This paper designs and evaluates incremental learning solutions for real-world fraud detection systems. The aim is to demonstrate the competitiveness of incremental learning over conventional batch approaches and, consequently, improve its accuracy employing ensemble learning, diversity and transfer learning. An experimental analysis is conducted on a full-scale case study including five months of e-commerce transactions and made available by our industry partner, Worldline. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 29 (1 UL) Studying Chinese Foreign Policy Narratives: Introducing the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Press Conferences CorpusMochtak, Michal ; Turcsanyi, Richard Q.in Journal of Chinese Political Science (2021), 26(Dec), 743761The paper presents an original corpus of the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs press conferences. The dataset is a unique source of information on official positions and diplomatic narratives of China ... [more ▼]The paper presents an original corpus of the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs press conferences. The dataset is a unique source of information on official positions and diplomatic narratives of China mapping almost two decades of its foreign policy discourse. The corpus contains almost 23 000 question – answer dyads from 2002 to 2020 ready to be used for analytical purposes. We argue the dataset is an important contribution to the scholarship on Chinese foreign policy stimulating further research using corpus based methods while employing both qualitative and quantitative strategies. We demonstrate possible applications of the corpus with two case studies: first maps the diplomatic discourse towards the US under the presidency of Hu Jintao and Xi Jinping (employing quantitative tools), while second analyzes narratives concerning the South China Sea disputes (employing more qualitative approach). [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 33 (2 UL) Constitutive Powers of Executive Bodies: a Functional Analysis of the Single Resolution BoardMendes, Joana in Modern Law Review (2021), 84(6), 13301359Executive bodies can acquire constitutive powers,even if subject to detailed substantive strictures. Constitutive powers give executive bodies the possibility to transform normative understandings of the ... [more ▼]Executive bodies can acquire constitutive powers,even if subject to detailed substantive strictures. Constitutive powers give executive bodies the possibility to transform normative understandings of the meaning of norms and of the goals of public action into legal forms. These bodies thus engage in a jurisgenerative process that enables them to progressively delimit their legal mandates in reaction to socio-economic and political realities. The article illustrates this argument by examining the power of the EU Single Resolution Board (SRB) to determine the resolution of a bank in crisis. It concludes that, in view of constitutive powers, the normative demands that the EU legal system places on executive and administrative bodies must be reconsidered. On that basis and to that effect, mechanisms of accountability should be reconceptualised and reoriented. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 48 (4 UL) Toward Better Tasks in Sustainability Education: Search for New Approaches on Online PlatformsAndersen, Katja Natalie in Global Journal of Science Frontier Research (2021), 21(5), 1-6The O-TAPSE study deals with the question to what extent the sustainable development goals (SDGs) formulated by the UN (2015) are addressed in the latest online tasks for primary science education. The ... [more ▼]The O-TAPSE study deals with the question to what extent the sustainable development goals (SDGs) formulated by the UN (2015) are addressed in the latest online tasks for primary science education. The tasks of three online platforms were evaluated by four primary school teachers with regard to the occurrence of content on the SDGs. The results of the study and their analysis show a clear need for action to further implement these contents in online tasks. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 75 (8 UL) Precoding with Received-Interference Power Control for Multibeam Satellite Communication SystemsLagunas, Eva ; Perez-Neira, Ana Isabel; Martinez, Marc et alin Frontiers in Space Technologies (2021)Zero-Forcing (ZF) and Regularized Zero-Forcing (RZF) precoding are low-complexity sub-optimal solutions widely accepted in the satellite communications community to mitigate the resulting co-channel ... [more ▼]Zero-Forcing (ZF) and Regularized Zero-Forcing (RZF) precoding are low-complexity sub-optimal solutions widely accepted in the satellite communications community to mitigate the resulting co-channel interference caused by aggressive frequency reuse. However, both are sensitive to the conditioning of the channel matrix, which can greatly reduce the achievable gains. This paper brings the attention to the benefits of a design that allows some residual received interference power at the co-channel users. The motivation behind this approach is to relax the dependence on the matrix inversion procedure involved in conventional precoding schemes. In particular, the proposed scheme aims to be less sensitive to the user scheduling, which is one of the key limiting factors for the practical implementation of precoding. Furthermore, the proposed technique can also cope with more users than satellite beams. In fact, the proposed precoder can be tuned to control the interference towards the co-channel beams, which is a desirable feature that is not met by the existing RZF solutions. The design is formulated as a non-convex optimization and we study various algorithms in order to obtain a practical solution. Supporting results based on numerical simulations show that the proposed precoding implementations are able to outperform the conventional ZF and RZF schemes. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 82 (13 UL) Older adults show a higher heartbeat-evoked potential than young adults and a negative association with everyday metacognitionKamp, Siri-Maria; Schulz, André ; Forester, Glen et alin Brain Research (2021), 1752(1), 147238The ability to monitor internal bodily and cognitive processes is essential for everyday functioning and independence in older adults, because it allows for adjustments when lapses in performance are ... [more ▼]The ability to monitor internal bodily and cognitive processes is essential for everyday functioning and independence in older adults, because it allows for adjustments when lapses in performance are imminent. In the present study, age-related morphological changes to the heartbeat evoked potential (HEP), an electrophysiological cortical representation of cardiac signals, and its association with self-reported everyday cognition were examined. A community sample of older adults showed an increased HEP amplitude, which could reflect a stronger representation of early stages of cardiac interoception, and a more anterior scalp distribution of the HEP, suggesting a more widespread configuration of the underlying neural generators, compared to a group of young adults. Furthermore, in older adults, HEP amplitude was negatively correlated with self-estimated everyday cognitive functioning. Older adults with pronounced cortical representations of peripheral signals may thus be more likely to take note of lapses in their own bodily and cognitive function, leading to lower estimates of their cognitive abilities. These results provide novel insights into age-related changes in interoceptive processing and their association with metacognitive judgments, with potentially far-reaching implications for cognitive aging and age-related cognitive decline. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 127 (5 UL) Predicting correlated outcomes from molecular dataRauschenberger, Armin ; Glaab, Enrico in Bioinformatics (2021), 37(21), 38893895Motivation: Multivariate (multi-target) regression has the potential to outperform univariate (single-target) regression at predicting correlated outcomes, which frequently occur in biomedical and ... [more ▼]Motivation: Multivariate (multi-target) regression has the potential to outperform univariate (single-target) regression at predicting correlated outcomes, which frequently occur in biomedical and clinical research. Here we implement multivariate lasso and ridge regression using stacked generalisation. Results: Our flexible approach leads to predictive and interpretable models in high-dimensional settings, with a single estimate for each input-output effect. In the simulation, we compare the predictive performance of several state-of-the-art methods for multivariate regression. In the application, we use clinical and genomic data to predict multiple motor and non-motor symptoms in Parkinson’s disease patients. We conclude that stacked multivariate regression, with our adaptations, is a competitive method for predicting correlated outcomes. Availability and Implementation: The R package joinet is available on GitHub (https://github.com/rauschenberger/joinet) and CRAN (https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=joinet). [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 80 (3 UL) Digitalisierung im Kontext von COVID-19Andersen, Katja Natalie in KiTa aktuell HRS - Fachzeitschrift für Leitungen, Fachkräfte und Träger der Kindertagesbetreuung (2021), 29(4), 85Detailed reference viewed: 123 (7 UL) Exciton band structure of molybdenum disulfide: from monolayer to bulkFugallo, Giorgia; Cudazzo, Pier Luigi ; Gatti, Matteo et alin Electronic Structure (2021), 3Exciton band structures analysis provides a powerful tool to identify the exciton character of materials, from bulk to isolated systems, and goes beyond the mere analysis of the optical spectra. In this ... [more ▼]Exciton band structures analysis provides a powerful tool to identify the exciton character of materials, from bulk to isolated systems, and goes beyond the mere analysis of the optical spectra. In this work, we focus on the exciton properties of molybdenum sisulfide (MoS 2 ) by solving the ab initio many-body Bethe–Salpeter equation, as a function of momentum, to obtain the excitation spectra of both monolayer and bulk MoS 2 . We analyse the spectrum and the exciton dispersion on the basis of a model excitonic Hamiltonian capable of providing an efficient description of the excitations in the bulk crystal, starting from the knowledge of the excitons of a single layer. In this way, we obtain a general characterization of both bright and darks excitons in terms of the interplay between the electronic band dispersion (i.e. interlayer hopping) and the electron–hole exchange interaction. We identify for both the 2D and the 3D limiting cases the character of the lowest-energy excitons in MoS 2 , we explain the effects and relative weights of both band dispersion and electron–hole exchange interaction and finally we interpret the differences observed when changing the dimensionality of the system. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 56 (1 UL) Time-Dependent Screening Explains the Ultrafast Excitonic Signal Rise in 2D SemiconductorsSmejkal, Valerie; Libisch, Florian; Molina-Sanchez, Alejandro et alin ACS Nano (2021), 15(1), 1179--1185We calculate the time evolution of the transient reflection signal in an MoS2 monolayer on a SiO2/Si substrate using first-principles out-of-equilibrium real-time methods. Our simulations provide a simple ... [more ▼]We calculate the time evolution of the transient reflection signal in an MoS2 monolayer on a SiO2/Si substrate using first-principles out-of-equilibrium real-time methods. Our simulations provide a simple and intuitive physical picture for the delayed, yet ultrafast, evolution of the signal whose rise time depends on the excess energy of the pump laser: at laser energies above the A- and B-exciton, the pump pulse excites electrons and holes far away from the K valleys in the first Brillouin zone. Electron–phonon and hole–phonon scattering lead to a gradual relaxation of the carriers toward small Active Excitonic Regions around K, enhancing the dielectric screening. The accompanying time-dependent band gap renormalization dominates over Pauli blocking and the excitonic binding energy renormalization. This explains the delayed buildup of the transient reflection signal of the probe pulse, in excellent agreement with recent experimental data. Our results show that the observed delay is not a unique signature of an exciton formation process but rather caused by coordinated carrier dynamics and its influence on the screening. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 24 (0 UL) Thermodynamics of Active Field Theories: Energetic Cost of Coupling to ReservoirsMarkovich, Tomer; Fodor, Etienne ; Tjhung, Elsen et alin PHYSICAL REVIEW X (2021), 11(2), The hallmark of active matter is the autonomous directed motion of its microscopic constituents driven by consumption of energy resources. This motion leads to the emergence of large-scale dynamics and ... [more ▼]The hallmark of active matter is the autonomous directed motion of its microscopic constituents driven by consumption of energy resources. This motion leads to the emergence of large-scale dynamics and structures without any equilibrium equivalent. Though active field theories offer a useful hydrodynamic description, it is unclear how to properly quantify the energetic cost of the dynamics from such a coarse-grained description. We provide a thermodynamically consistent framework to identify the energy exchanges between active systems and their surrounding thermostat at the hydrodynamic level. Based on linear irreversible thermodynamics, we determine how active fields couple with the underlying reservoirs at the basis of nonequilibrium driving. This approach leads to evaluating the rate of heat dissipated in the thermostat, as a measure of the cost to sustain the system away from equilibrium, which is related to the irreversibility of the active field dynamics. We demonstrate the applicability of our approach in two popular active field theories: (i) the dynamics of a conserved density field reproducing active phase separation and (ii) the coupled dynamics of density and polarization describing motile deformable droplets. Combining numerical and analytical approaches, we provide spatial maps of dissipated heat, compare them with the irreversibility measure of the active field dynamics, and explore how the overall dissipated heat varies with the emerging order. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 35 (2 UL) Review of: Tommaso Milani, 'Hendrik de Man and social democracy: The idea of planning in Western Europe, 1914-1940'van de Maele, Jens in Journal of Belgian History (2021), (1-2), 183-185Detailed reference viewed: 43 (1 UL) The Markets in Crypto-Assets Regulation (MICA) and the EU Digital Finance StrategyZetzsche, Dirk Andreas ; Arner; Buckley et alin Capital Markets Law Journal (2021), 16(1), Detailed reference viewed: 43 (5 UL) Das Gründungsdatum des Luxemburger Staates und die Sprachenfrage. Über den Symbolgehalt konkurrierender Narrative und einen blinden Fleck der GeschichtsschreibungFehlen, Fernand in Forum für Politik, Gesellschaft und Kultur in Luxemburg (2021), 416 & 417Detailed reference viewed: 87 (5 UL) Identities and Methodologies of Border Studies: Recent Empirical and Conceptual ApproachesWille, Christian ; Gerst, Dominik; Krämer, Hannesin Borders in Perspective (2021), (6), 126In recent decades, Border Studies have gained importance and have seen a noticeable increase in development. This manifests itself in an increased institutionalization, a differentiation of the areas of ... [more ▼]In recent decades, Border Studies have gained importance and have seen a noticeable increase in development. This manifests itself in an increased institutionalization, a differentiation of the areas of research interest and a conceptual reorientation that is interested in examining processes. So far, however, little attention has been paid to questions about (inter)disciplinary self-perception and methodological foundations of Border Studies and the associated consequences for research activities. This thematic issue addresses these desiderata and brings together articles that deal with their (inter)disciplinary foundations as well as method(olog)ical and practical research questions. The authors also provide sound insights into a disparate field of work, disclose practical research strategies, and present methodologically sophisticated systematizations. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 266 (8 UL) Differentiation of primary CNS lymphoma and glioblastoma using Raman spectroscopy and machine learning algorithmsKlamminger, Gilbert Georg; Klein, Karoline; Mombaerts, Laurent et alin Free Neuropathology (2021), 2Objective and Methods: Timely discrimination between primary CNS lymphoma (PCNSL) and glioblastoma is crucial for diagnostics and therapy, but most importantly also determines the intraoperative surgical ... [more ▼]Objective and Methods: Timely discrimination between primary CNS lymphoma (PCNSL) and glioblastoma is crucial for diagnostics and therapy, but most importantly also determines the intraoperative surgical course. Advanced radiological methods allow this to a certain extent but ultimately, biopsy is still necessary for final diagnosis. As an upcoming method that enables tissue analysis by tracking changes in the vibrational state of molecules via inelastic scattered photons, we used Raman Spectroscopy (RS) as a label free method to examine specimens of both tumor entities intraoperatively, as well as postoperatively in formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) samples. Results: We applied and compared statistical performance of linear and nonlinear machine learning algorithms (Logistic Regression, Random Forest and XGBoost), and found that Random Forest classification distinguished the two tumor entities with a balanced accuracy of 82,4% in intraoperative tissue condition and with 94% using measurements of distinct tumor areas on FFPE tissue. Taking a deeper insight into the spectral properties of the tumor entities, we describe different tumor-specific Raman shifts of interest for classification. Conclusions: Due to our findings, we propose RS as an additional tool for fast and non-destructive, perioperative tumor tissue discrimination, which may augment treatment options at an early stage. RS may further serve as a useful additional tool for neuropathological diagnostics with little requirements for tissue integrity. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 52 (2 UL) Natura temporanea del lavoro tramite agenzia e limiti derivanti daldirittoeuropeoRatti, Luca in Rivista Italiana di Diritto del Lavoro (2021)Detailed reference viewed: 56 (4 UL) review of: Jeffrey F. Hamburger / Eva Schlotheuber (Eds.), The Liber ordinarius of Nivelles (Houghton Library, MS Lat 422). Liturgy as Interdisciplinary Intersection. (Spätmittelalter, Humanismus, Reformation, Bd. 111.) Tübingen, Mohr Siebeck 2020Pauly, Michel in Historische Zeitschrift (2021), 312(1), 200-201Detailed reference viewed: 44 (1 UL) GA4GH Passport standard for digital identity and access permissionsVoisin, Craig; Linden, Mikael; Dyke, Stephanie O. M. et alin Cell Genomics (2021), 1(2), Detailed reference viewed: 27 (0 UL) On the Random Access Procedure of NB-IoT Non-Terrestrial NetworksKodheli, Oltjon ; Maturo, Nicola ; Chatzinotas, Symeon et alin IEEE Access (2021), 9The standardization of the 5G systems has recently entered in an advanced phase, where non-terrestrial networks will be a new key feature in the upcoming releases. Narrowband Internet of Things (NB-IoT ... [more ▼]The standardization of the 5G systems has recently entered in an advanced phase, where non-terrestrial networks will be a new key feature in the upcoming releases. Narrowband Internet of Things (NB-IoT) is one of the technologies that will address the massive machine type communication (mMTC) traf- fic of the 5G. To meet the demanding need for global connectivity, satellite communications can provide an essential support to complement and extend the NB-IoT terrestrial infrastructure. However, the presence of the satellite channel comes up with new demands for the NB-IoT procedures. In this paper, we investigate the main challenges introduced by the satellite channel in the NB-IoT random access procedure, while pointing out valuable solutions and research directions to overcome those challenges. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 197 (35 UL) Preface of the special issue ‘Logic, argumentation and AI’ in JLCDong, Huimin; Pang, Jun ; Wang, Yiin Journal of Logic and Computation (2021), 31(8), 1901-1902Detailed reference viewed: 36 (0 UL) Book review: Saintetés politiques du IXe au XVIIIe siècle: Autour de la Lotharingie-Dorsale catholiqueDubuisson, Bastien in Moyen Age: Revue d'Histoire et de Philologie (2021), 127(1), Detailed reference viewed: 36 (2 UL) Ability of 6- to 7-year-old children to choose the control of variables strategy.Reuter, Timo; Weber, Anke Maria ; Flottmann, Julia et alin Journal of Cognitive Education and Psychology (2021), 20(2), 70-82Planning and conducting experiments require the application of the control of vari- ables strategy (CVS). Research indicates that older children can learn the CVS by engag- ing in guided-inquiry ... [more ▼]Planning and conducting experiments require the application of the control of vari- ables strategy (CVS). Research indicates that older children can learn the CVS by engag- ing in guided-inquiry activities. It has not been studied yet whether this is also the case for children as young as 6- to 7-years. 145 children aged 6–7 years participated in a study with a pre-, post-, follow-up test design comprising two experimental groups (EG 1, EG 2) and a control group (CG). EG 1 and EG 2 received a structured-inquiry lesson, thus, carrying out six predetermined experiments with an adult’s implicit guid- ance. While the lesson in EG 1 was in the same physics domain as the test’s phys- ics domain, in EG 2 the lesson’s physics domain differed from the test’s domain. The CG did not experiment. We assessed children’s CVS ability with a multiple-choice test. Results suggested that some children in the EGs learned the CVS, whereas in the CG, no learning effects occurred. However, most children in the EGs did not gain in the CVS ability, indicating that the small dose of six experiments in one physics domain was insufficient for learning the CVS. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 15 (1 UL) Jérôme Denis, Le Travail invisible des données. Éléments pour une sociologie des infrastructures scripturales Paris, Presses des Mines, 2018, 206 pagesSchafer, Valerie in Questions de Communication (2021), 38Recension de Jérôme Denis, Le Travail invisible des données. Éléments pour une sociologie des infrastructures scripturales, Paris, Presses des Mines, 2018, 206 pagesDetailed reference viewed: 30 (1 UL) Understanding Attentional Biases in Severe Alcohol Use Disorder: A Combined Behavioral and Eye-Tracking Perspective.Bollen, Zoé; D'Hondt, Fabien; Dormal, Valérie et alin Alcohol and alcoholism (Oxford, Oxfordshire) (2021), 56(1), 1-7RATIONALE: Severe alcohol use disorder (SAUD) is a psychiatric condition linked to cerebral and cognitive consequences. SAUD is notably characterized by an overactivation of the reflexive/reward system ... [more ▼]RATIONALE: Severe alcohol use disorder (SAUD) is a psychiatric condition linked to cerebral and cognitive consequences. SAUD is notably characterized by an overactivation of the reflexive/reward system when confronted with alcohol-related cues. Such overreactivity generates a preferential allocation of attentional resources toward these cues, labeled as attentional biases (AB). Theoretical assumptions have been made regarding the characteristics of AB and their underlying processes. While often considered as granted, these assumptions remain to be experimentally validated. AIMS: We first identify the theoretical assumptions made by previous studies exploring the nature and role of AB. We then discuss the current evidence available to establish their validity. We finally propose research avenues to experimentally test them. METHODS: Capitalizing on a narrative review of studies exploring AB in SAUD, the current limits of the behavioral measures used for their evaluation are highlighted as well as the benefits derived from the use of eye-tracking measures to obtain a deeper understanding of their underlying processes. We describe the issues related to the theoretical proposals on AB and propose research avenues to test them. Four experimental axes are proposed, respectively, related to the determination of (a) the genuine nature of the mechanisms underlying AB; (b) their stability over the disease course; (c) their specificity to alcohol-related stimuli and (d) their reflexive or controlled nature. CONCLUSIONS: This in-depth exploration of the available knowledge related to AB in SAUD, and of its key limitations, highlights the theoretical and clinical interest of our innovative experimental perspectives capitalizing on eye-tracking measures. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 27 (0 UL) Localization Performance of 1-Bit Passive Radars in NB-IoT Applications using Multivariate Polynomial OptimizationSedighi, Saeid ; Mishra, Kumar Vijay; Mysore Rama Rao, Bhavani Shankar et alin IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing (2021), 69Several Internet-of-Things (IoT) applications provide location-based services, wherein it is critical to obtain accurate position estimates by aggregating information from individual sensors. In the ... [more ▼]Several Internet-of-Things (IoT) applications provide location-based services, wherein it is critical to obtain accurate position estimates by aggregating information from individual sensors. In the recently proposed narrowband IoT (NB-IoT) standard, which trades off bandwidth to gain wide coverage, the location estimation is compounded by the low sampling rate receivers and limited-capacity links. We address both of these NB-IoT drawbacks in the framework of passive sensing devices that receive signals from the target-of-interest. We consider the limiting case where each node receiver employs one-bit analog-to-digital-converters and propose a novel low-complexity nodal delay estimation method using constrained-weighted least squares minimization. To support the low-capacity links to the fusion center (FC), the range estimates obtained at individual sensors are then converted to one-bit data. At the FC, we propose target localization with the aggregated one-bit range vector using both optimal and sub-optimal techniques. The computationally expensive former approach is based on Lasserre's method for multivariate polynomial optimization while the latter employs our less complex iterative joint r\textit{an}ge-\textit{tar}get location \textit{es}timation (ANTARES) algorithm. Our overall one-bit framework not only complements the low NB-IoT bandwidth but also supports the design goal of inexpensive NB-IoT location sensing. Numerical experiments demonstrate feasibility of the proposed one-bit approach with a 0.6\% increase in the normalized localization error for the small set of 20-60 nodes over the full-precision case. When the number of nodes is sufficiently large (>80), the one-bit methods yield the same performance as the full precision. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 87 (3 UL) Bildung für nachhaltige Entwicklung als KompetenzorientierungAndersen, Katja Natalie in KiTa aktuell HRS - Fachzeitschrift für Leitungen, Fachkräfte und Träger der Kindertagesbetreuung (2021), 29(9), 197Detailed reference viewed: 91 (2 UL) DoA Estimation Using Low-Resolution Multi-BitSparse Array MeasurementsSedighi, Saeid ; Mysore Rama Rao, Bhavani Shankar ; Soltanalian, Mojtaba et alin IEEE Signal Processing Letters (2021)This letter studies the problem of Direction of Arrival (DoA) estimation from low-resolution few-bit quantized data collected by Sparse Linear Array (SLA). In such cases, contrary to the one-bit ... [more ▼]This letter studies the problem of Direction of Arrival (DoA) estimation from low-resolution few-bit quantized data collected by Sparse Linear Array (SLA). In such cases, contrary to the one-bit quantization case, the well known arcsine law cannot be employed to estimate the covaraince matrix of unquantized array data. Instead, we develop a novel optimization-based framework for retrieving the covaraince matrix of unquantized array data from low-resolution few-bit measurements. The MUSIC algorithm is then applied to an augmented version of the recovered covariance matrix to find the source DoAs. The simulation results show that increasing the sampling resolution to $2$ or $4$ bits per samples could significantly increase the DoA estimation performance compared to the one-bit sampling regime while the power consumption and implementation costs is still much lower in comparison to the high-resolution sampling implementations. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 75 (3 UL) The time course of attentional biases in pain : a meta-analysis of eye tracking studiesJones, Emma Blaisdale; Sharpe, Louise; Andrews, Sally et alin PAIN (2021)Detailed reference viewed: 26 (0 UL) Thermalization Induced by Quantum ScatteringJacob, Samuel L.; Esposito, Massimiliano ; Parrondo, Juan M. R. et alin PRX Quantum (2021), 2Detailed reference viewed: 34 (4 UL) Dynamical SPQEIR model assesses the effectiveness of non-pharmaceutical interventions against COVID-19 epidemic outbreaks.Proverbio, Daniele ; Kemp, Francoise ; Magni, Stefano et alin PloS one (2021), 16(5), 0252019Against the current COVID-19 pandemic, governments worldwide have devised a variety of non-pharmaceutical interventions to mitigate it. However, it is generally difficult to estimate the joint impact of ... [more ▼]Against the current COVID-19 pandemic, governments worldwide have devised a variety of non-pharmaceutical interventions to mitigate it. However, it is generally difficult to estimate the joint impact of different control strategies. In this paper, we tackle this question with an extended epidemic SEIR model, informed by a socio-political classification of different interventions. First, we inquire the conceptual effect of mitigation parameters on the infection curve. Then, we illustrate the potential of our model to reproduce and explain empirical data from a number of countries, to perform cross-country comparisons. This gives information on the best synergies of interventions to control epidemic outbreaks while minimising impact on socio-economic needs. For instance, our results suggest that, while rapid and strong lockdown is an effective pandemic mitigation measure, a combination of social distancing and early contact tracing can achieve similar mitigation synergistically, while keeping lower isolation rates. This quantitative understanding can support the establishment of mid- and long-term interventions, to prepare containment strategies against further outbreaks. This paper also provides an online tool that allows researchers and decision makers to interactively simulate diverse scenarios with our model. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 119 (9 UL) Method Optimization of Skin Biopsy-Derived Fibroblast Culture for Reprogramming Into Induced Pluripotent Stem CellsMommaerts, Kathleen; Bellora, Camille; Lambert, Pauline et alin Biopreservation and Biobanking (2021)Detailed reference viewed: 59 (0 UL) Bringing representatives back in. How political parties moderate patterns of inequality in opinion representationLesschaeve, Christophe in European Political Science (2021)Democratic theory argues that individuals should have their policy preferences equally represented in politics. Research on opinion congruence has often found, however, that political parties’ views are ... [more ▼]Democratic theory argues that individuals should have their policy preferences equally represented in politics. Research on opinion congruence has often found, however, that political parties’ views are more likely to align with those of higher-income and higher educated citizens. We argue that this conclusion does not account for heterogeneity among parties. Based on an integrated dataset containing the positions of over 1,700 Belgian citizens and 11 Belgian parties on over 120 policy statements, we examine how opinion congruence inequality between privileged and underprivileged people varies between parties. We find that left-wing parties align more with underprivileged citizens than they do with privileged citizens on economic issues, while the opposite holds for right-wing parties. On cultural issues, however, both left- and right-wing parties better represent the preferences of privileged people. The exception is the radical right party Vlaams Belang, which on the cultural dimensions better represents the views of underprivileged voters. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 36 (1 UL) Sustainability and finance: utopian oxymoron or achievable companionship?Bodellini, Marco in Law and Economics Yearly Review (2021)Detailed reference viewed: 35 (0 UL) Enhancing children’s numerical skills through a play-based intervention at kindergarten and at home: a quasi-experimental studyde Chambrier, Anne-Françoise; Baye, Ariane; Tinnes-Vigne, Mélanie et alin Early Childhood Research Quarterly (2021), 54Detailed reference viewed: 159 (9 UL) Galois families of modular forms and application to weight oneArias-de-Reyna, Sara; Legrand, François; Wiese, Gabor in Israel Journal of Mathematics (2021), 244We introduce Galois families of modular forms. They are a new kind of family coming from Galois representations of the absolute Galois groups of rational function fields over the rational field. We ... [more ▼]We introduce Galois families of modular forms. They are a new kind of family coming from Galois representations of the absolute Galois groups of rational function fields over the rational field. We exhibit some examples and provide an infinite Galois family of non-liftable weight one Katz modular eigenforms over an algebraic closure of F_p for p in {3,5,7,11}. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 163 (4 UL) Motives, Supporting Activities, and Selection Criteria of Social Impact Incubators: An Experimental Conjoint StudyHirschmann, Mirko ; Moritz, Alexandra; Block, Jörnin Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly (2021), 51(5), 1095-1133Social impact incubators (SIIs) are a new type of incubator that support social enterprises (SEs) in their early business stages to foster and develop their hybrid objectives. However, research on SIIs is ... [more ▼]Social impact incubators (SIIs) are a new type of incubator that support social enterprises (SEs) in their early business stages to foster and develop their hybrid objectives. However, research on SIIs is still scarce, and little is known about SIIs’ motives, supporting activities, and selection criteria. In investigating 71 SII decision- makers, we find the societal duty motive stated as “most important,” while the financial motive is stated as “least important.” Furthermore, we identify the authenticity of the founding team and the importance of the societal problem addressed as SIIs’ most important selection criteria. However, significant heterogeneity exists within the group of SIIs with regard to their selection criteria. In particular, SIIs with strong innovation and societal duty motives stand out and differ in their SE selection criteria from other SIIs. Our results extend prior research on SIIs and contribute to the discussion on the selection criteria of SE supporters. [less ▲] Compte-rendu de « Trotot Caroline, Autoportraits, autofictions de femmes à l’époque moderne - Savoirs et fabrique d’identité, Paris, Classiques Garnier, coll. Masculin/féminin dans l’Europe moderne, 2018 »Barthelmebs-Raguin, Hélène in Acta Fabula: Revue des Parutions en Théorie Littéraire (2021)Detailed reference viewed: 31 (1 UL) Editorial: Celebrating the Diversity of Genetic Research to Dissect the Pathogenesis of Parkinson's DiseaseFarrer, Matthew J.; Bardien, Soraya; Hattori, Nobutaka et alin Frontiers in Neurology (2021), 12Parkinson's disease (PD) is the fastest growing neurological disorder worldwide, taking into account age-standardized rates for prevalence, disability and deaths (1). PD is characterized by a clinical ... [more ▼]Parkinson's disease (PD) is the fastest growing neurological disorder worldwide, taking into account age-standardized rates for prevalence, disability and deaths (1). PD is characterized by a clinical symptomatology involving both motor and non-motor symptoms. According to the Global Burden of Disease study (2018), the global burden of this disorder has more than doubled over the past two decades from 2.5 million patients in 1990 to 6.1 million patients in 2016 (2). In this editorial and eBook, we highlight the research done on PD by members of a global consortium known as the Genetic Epidemiology of Parkinson's disease (GEoPD) Consortium. We begin the editorial by providing a brief history of how GEoPD was started and how it has subsequently developed into an international endeavor. We then briefly summarize the completed and ongoing projects, and conclude with the future vision of this unique consortium. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 22 (1 UL) IDARE2-Simultaneous Visualisation of Multiomics Data in Cytoscape.Pfau, Thomas; Galhardo, Mafalda; Lin, Jake et alin Metabolites (2021), 11(5), Visual integration of experimental data in metabolic networks is an important step to understanding their meaning. As genome-scale metabolic networks reach several thousand reactions, the task becomes ... [more ▼]Visual integration of experimental data in metabolic networks is an important step to understanding their meaning. As genome-scale metabolic networks reach several thousand reactions, the task becomes more difficult and less revealing. While databases like KEGG and BioCyc provide curated pathways that allow a navigation of the metabolic landscape of an organism, it is rather laborious to map data directly onto those pathways. There are programs available using these kind of databases as a source for visualization; however, these programs are then restricted to the pathways available in the database. Here, we present IDARE2 a cytoscape plugin that allows the visualization of multiomics data in cytoscape in a user-friendly way. It further provides tools to disentangle highly connected network structures based on common properties of nodes and retains structural links between the generated subnetworks, offering a straightforward way to traverse the splitted network. The tool is extensible, allowing the implementation of specialised representations and data format parsers. We present the automated reproduction of the original IDARE nodes using our tool and show examples of other data being mapped on a network of E. coli. The extensibility is demonstrated with two plugins that are available on github. IDARE2 provides an intuitive way to visualise data from multiple sources and allows one to disentangle the often complex network structure in large networks using predefined properties of the network nodes. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 52 (2 UL) Changes in Neighborhood-Level Socioeconomic Disadvantage and Older Americans’ Cognitive FunctioningSettels, Jason ; Leist, Anja in Health and Place (2021)Background: While associations of neighborhood conditions with cognitive functioning at older ages have been established, few studies have investigated with a dynamic perspective if changing neighborhood ... [more ▼]Background: While associations of neighborhood conditions with cognitive functioning at older ages have been established, few studies have investigated with a dynamic perspective if changing neighborhood socioeconomic conditions affect older residents’ cognitive declines, and which putative factors mediate this relationship. Method: Using data from waves 2 (2010–2011) and 3 (2015–2016) of the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (NSHAP) survey (n = 1837), ordinary least squares regressions and mediation analyses were conducted, adjusting for multiple confounders and testing eight putative mediators. Results: Worsening neighborhood socioeconomic circumstances were associated with cognitive declines. Changes in depressive symptoms, sizes of close social networks, and physical activity substantially mediated this relationship. Discussion: While 18.10% of the total effect occurred through these mechanisms, further pathways may work through contextual- and individual-level variables not assessed in the NSHAP. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 74 (7 UL) Der grenzüberschreitende Arbeitsmarkt der Großregion- Der Einfluss der COVID-19-PandemiePigeron-Piroth, Isabelle ; Funk, Ines; Nienaber, Birte et alin Informationen zur Raumentwicklung (2021), (2), 74-85This article analyzes the impact of the COVID19 pandemic related border closures on the cross-border labour market and vocational and educational training in the Greater region SaarLorLux.Detailed reference viewed: 104 (7 UL) The fall in income inequality during COVID-19 in four European countriesClark, Andrew; d'Ambrosio, Conchita ; Lepinteur, Anthony in Journal of Economic Inequality (2021), 19We here use panel data from the COME-HERE survey to track income inequality during COVID-19 in France, Germany, Italy, and Spain. Relative inequality in equivalent household disposable income among ... [more ▼]We here use panel data from the COME-HERE survey to track income inequality during COVID-19 in France, Germany, Italy, and Spain. Relative inequality in equivalent household disposable income among individuals changed in a hump-shaped way between January 2020 and January 2021, with an initial rise from January to May 2020 being more than reversed by September 2020. Absolute inequality also fell over this period. Due to the pandemic some households lost more than others, and government compensation schemes were targeted towards the poorest, implying that on average income differences decreased. Generalized Lorenz domination reveals that these distributive changes reduced welfare in Italy. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 101 (8 UL) How photoluminescence can predict the efficiency of solar cellsSiebentritt, Susanne ; Weiss, Thomas ; Sood, Mohit et alin JPhys Materials (2021)Detailed reference viewed: 48 (1 UL) Efficient Preamble Detection and Time-of-Arrival Estimation for Single-Tone Frequency Hopping Random Access in NB-IoTChougrani, Houcine ; Kisseleff, Steven ; Chatzinotas, Symeon in IEEE Internet of Things Journal (2021), 8(9), 7437-7449The narrowband internet of things (NB-IoT) standard is a new cellular wireless technology, which has been introduced by the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) with the goal to connect massive low ... [more ▼]The narrowband internet of things (NB-IoT) standard is a new cellular wireless technology, which has been introduced by the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) with the goal to connect massive low-cost, low-complexity and long-life IoT devices with extended coverage. In order to improve power efficiency, 3GPP proposed a new Random Access (RA) waveform for NB-IoT based on a single-tone frequencyhopping scheme. RA handles the first connection between user equipments (UEs) and the base station (BS). Through this, UEs can be identified and synchronized with the BS. In this context, receiver methods for the detection of the new waveform should satisfy the requirements on the successful user detection as well as the timing synchronization accuracy. This is not a trivial task, especially in the presence of radio impairments like carrier frequency offset (CFO) which constitutes one of the main radio impairments besides the noise. In order to tackle this problem, we propose a new receiver method for NB-IoT Physical Random Access Channel (NPRACH). The method is designed to eliminate perfectly the CFO without any additional computational complexity and supports all NPRACH preamble formats. The associated performance has been evaluated under 3GPP conditions. We observe a very high performance compared both to 3GPP requirements and to the existing state-of-the-art methods in terms of detection accuracy and complexity. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 138 (30 UL) La réintroduction de contrôles aux frontières intérieures de l’UE pour lutter contre la pandémie : un moyen disproportionné, inefficace et illégalGerkrath, Jörg in Actes de l'Institut Grand-Ducal, Section sciences morales et politiques (2021)Detailed reference viewed: 83 (14 UL) Educational Robotics and Robot Creativity: An Interdisciplinary DialogueGubenko, Alla ; Kirsch, Christiane; Smilek, Jan Nicola et alin Frontiers in Robotics and AI (2021)There is a growing literature concerning robotics and creativity. Although some authors claim that robotics in classrooms may be a promising new tool to address the creativity crisis in school, we often ... [more ▼]There is a growing literature concerning robotics and creativity. Although some authors claim that robotics in classrooms may be a promising new tool to address the creativity crisis in school, we often face a lack of theoretical development of the concept of creativity and the mechanisms involved. In this article, we will first provide an overview of existing research using educational robotics to foster creativity. We show that in this line of work the exact mechanisms promoted by robotics activities are rarely discussed. We use a confluence model of creativity to account for the positive effect of designing and coding robots on students' creative output. We focus on the cognitive components of the process of constructing and programming robots within the context of existing models of creative cognition. We address as well the question of the role of meta-reasoning and emergent strategies in the creative process. Then, in the second part of the article, we discuss how the notion of creativity applies to robots themselves in terms of the creative processes that can be embodied in these artificial agents. Ultimately, we argue that considering how robots and humans deal with novelty and solve open-ended tasks could help us to understand better some aspects of the essence of creativity. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 119 (15 UL) Uplink Power Control in Massive MIMO with Double Scattering ChannelsTrinh, van Chien ; Ngo, Quoc Hien; Chatzinotas, Symeon et alin IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications (2021)Massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) is a key technology for improving the spectral and energy efficiency in 5G-and-beyond wireless networks. For a tractable analysis, most of the previous works ... [more ▼]Massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) is a key technology for improving the spectral and energy efficiency in 5G-and-beyond wireless networks. For a tractable analysis, most of the previous works on Massive MIMO have been focused on the system performance with complex Gaussian channel impulse responses under rich-scattering environments. In contrast, this paper investigates the uplink ergodic spectral efficiency (SE) of each user under the double scattering channel model. We derive a closed-form expression of the uplink ergodic SE by exploiting the maximum ratio (MR) combining technique based on imperfect channel state information. We further study the asymptotic SE behaviors as a function of the number of antennas at each base station (BS) and the number of scatterers available at each radio channel. We then formulate and solve a total energy optimization problem for the uplink data transmission that aims at simultaneously satisfying the required SEs from all the users with limited data power resource. Notably, our proposed algorithms can cope with the congestion issue appearing when at least one user is served by lower SE than requested. Numerical results illustrate the effectiveness of the closed-form ergodic SE over Monte-Carlo simulations. Besides, the system can still provide the required SEs to many users even under congestion. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 107 (2 UL) Post-growth perspectives in Economic GeographySchulz, Christian ; Braun, Borisin Die Erde (2021), 152(4), 213-217Detailed reference viewed: 73 (3 UL) Crossover between distinct symmetries in solid solutions of rare earth nickelatesFowlie, Jennifer; Mundet, Bernat; Toulouse, Constance et alin APL MATERIALS (2021), 9(8), A strong coupling of the lattice to functional properties is observed in many transition metal oxide systems, such as the ABO(3) perovskites. In the quest for tailor-made materials, it is essential to be ... [more ▼]A strong coupling of the lattice to functional properties is observed in many transition metal oxide systems, such as the ABO(3) perovskites. In the quest for tailor-made materials, it is essential to be able to control the structural properties of the compound(s) of interest. Here thin film solid solutions that combine NdNiO3 and LaNiO3, two materials with the perovskite structure but distinct space groups, are analyzed. Raman spectroscopy and scanning transmission electron microscopy are combined in a synergistic approach to fully determine the mechanism of the structural crossover with chemical composition. It is found that the symmetry transition is achieved by phase coexistence in a way that depends on the substrate selected. These results carry implications for analog-tuning of physical properties in future functional materials based on these compounds. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 69 (4 UL) A De Lege Ferenda Perspective on Artificial Intelligence Systems Designated as Inventors in the European Patent System.Stierle, Martin in Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht. Internationaler Teil (2021)The European patent system was designed around a paradigm of human inventorship. This paper will analyse in depth and from a de lege ferenda perspective the rather general arguments against and in favour ... [more ▼]The European patent system was designed around a paradigm of human inventorship. This paper will analyse in depth and from a de lege ferenda perspective the rather general arguments against and in favour of a possible designation of artificial intelligence (AI) systems as inventors. For the sake of a more concrete discussion, it will also outline a potential reform of the European patent system to implement AI inventorship and allocate the right to the European patent for such inventions by default to the machine’s operator. In the process, it will highlight the major specific issues associated with a reform that acknowledges AI inventorship and touch upon possible alternative approaches to addressing the growing autonomy of machines within the R&D process. The study must not be understood as a call for a reform to recognise AI systems as inventors but rather as a manner of laying the foundations for a more concrete, critical and fruitful discussion on non-human inventorship and its alternatives. The analysis will show that the more general, highly conceptional reservations advanced in the current discussion against AI inventorship are somewhat unfounded, e.g. the alleged break with the functions of the current patent system or the alleged need to endow AI with legal personality. More convincing arguments against a reform that allows for the designation of AI systems as inventor might instead relate to the specific difficulties associated with such reform. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 22 (0 UL) Power variations for fractional type infinitely divisible random fieldsBasse-O'Connor, Andreas; Pilipauskaite, Vytauté ; Podolskij, Mark in Electronic Journal of Probability (2021), 26Detailed reference viewed: 92 (2 UL) Investigating the dimensionality of early numeracy using the bifactor exploratory structural equation modeling frameworkDierendonck, Christophe ; de Chambrier, Anne-Françoise; Fagnant, Annick et alin Frontiers in Psychology (2021)Detailed reference viewed: 54 (4 UL) A New Anti-Expertise DilemmaRaleigh, Thomas in Synthese (2021), 199Detailed reference viewed: 125 (13 UL) DCcov: Repositioning of drugs and drug combinations for SARS-CoV-2 infected lung through constraint-based modeling.Kishk, Ali ; Pires Pacheco, Maria Irene ; Sauter, Thomas in iScience (2021), 24(11), 103331The 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) became a worldwide pandemic with currently no approved effective antiviral drug. Flux balance analysis (FBA) is an efficient method to analyze metabolic networks ... [more ▼]The 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) became a worldwide pandemic with currently no approved effective antiviral drug. Flux balance analysis (FBA) is an efficient method to analyze metabolic networks. Here, FBA was applied on human lung cells infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) to reposition metabolic drugs and drug combinations against the virus replication within the host tissue. Making use of expression datasets of infected lung tissue, genome-scale COVID-19-specific metabolic models were reconstructed. Then, host-specific essential genes and gene pairs were determined through in silico knockouts that permit reducing the viral biomass production without affecting the host biomass. Key pathways that are associated with COVID-19 severity in lung tissue are related to oxidative stress, ferroptosis, and pyrimidine metabolism. By in silico screening of Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved drugs on the putative disease-specific essential genes and gene pairs, 85 drugs and 52 drug combinations were predicted as promising candidates for COVID-19 (https://github.com/sysbiolux/DCcov). [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 37 (0 UL) Tiffany Stern, ed. Rethinking Theatrical Documents in Shakespeare’s England. London: The Arden Shakespeare, 2020.Steveker, Lena in Shakespeare Jahrbuch (2021), 157Detailed reference viewed: 53 (7 UL) Predictors of Problematic Social Media Use in a Nationally Representative Sample of Adolescents in Luxembourgvan Duin, Claire ; Heinz, Andreas ; Willems, Helmut Erich in International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (2021), 18(22), Social media use has increased substantially over the past decades, especially among adolescents. A proportion of adolescents develop a pattern of problematic social media use (PSMU). Predictors of PSMU ... [more ▼]Social media use has increased substantially over the past decades, especially among adolescents. A proportion of adolescents develop a pattern of problematic social media use (PSMU). Predictors of PSMU are insufficiently understood and researched. This study aims to investigate predictors of PSMU in a nationally representative sample of adolescents in Luxembourg. Data from the Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) study in Luxembourg were used, in which 8687 students aged 11–18 years old participated. The data were analyzed using hierarchical multiple regression. A range of sociodemographic, social support, well-being and media use predictors were added to the model in four blocks. The predictors in the final model explained 22.3% of the variance in PSMU. The block of sociodemographic predictors explained the lowest proportion of variance in PSMU compared with the other blocks. Age negatively predicted PSMU. Of the predictors related to social support, cyberbullying perpetration was the strongest predictor of PSMU. Perceived stress and psychosomatic complaints positively predicted PSMU. The intensity of electronic media communication and preference for online social interaction were stronger predictors of PSMU than the other predictors in the model. The results indicate that prevention efforts need to consider the diverse range of predictors related to PSMU. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 189 (37 UL) Efficient Algorithms for Constant-Modulus Analog BeamformingArora, Aakash ; Tsinos, Christos; Mysore Rama Rao, Bhavani Shankar et alin IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing (2021)The use of a large-scale antenna array (LSAA) has become an important characteristic of multi-antenna communication systems to achieve beamforming gains. For example, in millimeter wave (mmWave) systems ... [more ▼]The use of a large-scale antenna array (LSAA) has become an important characteristic of multi-antenna communication systems to achieve beamforming gains. For example, in millimeter wave (mmWave) systems, an LSAA is employed at the transmitter/receiver end to combat severe propagation losses. In such applications, each antenna element has to be driven by a radio frequency (RF) chain for the implementation of fully-digital beamformers. This strict requirement significantly increases the hardware cost, complexity, and power consumption. Therefore, constant-modulus analog beamforming (CMAB) becomes a viable solution. In this paper, we consider the scaled analog beamforming (SAB) or CMAB architecture and design the system parameters by solving the beampattern matching problem. We consider two beampattern matching problems. In the first case, both the magnitude and phase of the beampattern are matched to the given desired beampattern whereas in the second case, only the magnitude of the beampattern is matched. Both the beampattern matching problems are cast as a variant of the constant-modulus least-squares problem. We provide efficient algorithms based on the alternating majorization-minimization (AMM) framework that combines the alternating minimization and the MM frameworks and the conventional-cyclic coordinate descent (C-CCD) framework to solve the problem in each case. We also propose algorithms based on a new modified-CCD (M-CCD) based approach. For all the developed algorithms we prove convergence to a Karush-Kuhn-Tucker (KKT) point (or a stationary point). Numerical results demonstrate that the proposed algorithms converge faster than state-of-the-art solutions. Among all the algorithms, the M-CCD-based algorithms have faster convergence when evaluated in terms of the number of iterations and the AMM-based algorithms offer lower complexity. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 159 (9 UL) Rezension:Claude D. CONTER, Daniela LIEB, Marc LIMPACH, Sandra SCHMIT, Jeff SCHMITZ, Josiane WEBER (Hg.), Luxemburg und der Zweite Weltkrieg. Literarisch-intellektuelles Leben zwischen Machtergreifung und EpurationMillim, Anne-Marie in Hemecht: Zeitschrift für Luxemburger Geschichte (2021), (4), 489-491Detailed reference viewed: 31 (2 UL) Local detailed balance across scales: From diffusions to jump processes and beyondFalasco, Gianmaria ; Esposito, Massimiliano in Physical Review. E. (2021), 103Detailed reference viewed: 124 (1 UL) Token EconomySunyaev, Ali; Kannengießer, Niclas; Beck, Roman et alin Business and Information Systems Engineering (2021)Detailed reference viewed: 165 (10 UL) Parliamentary Scrutiny of Brexit in the EU-27 Pragmatic Cooperation with a Dominant European ParliamentHögenauer, Anna-Lena in International Journal of Parliamentary Studies (2021), 1(2), Concerns about a democratic deficit in the European Union reached new heights in recent years, as the organization has had to address a number of highly politicized challenges. In this context, the ... [more ▼]Concerns about a democratic deficit in the European Union reached new heights in recent years, as the organization has had to address a number of highly politicized challenges. In this context, the question of how much oversight should be exercised by the European Parliament (ep) and national parliaments individually or collectively becomes increasingly salient. Against this background, this article argues that on the issue of Brexit the ep has been quick to carve out a role for itself. However, unlike in previous trade negotiations, national parliaments took a backseat on Brexit despite its potential impact on member states. This is largely due to the similarity of national and party positions on Brexit. In addition, the way the different interparliamentary bodies addressed Brexit reveals the limitations of these bodies in terms of their powers and the depth of their discussions. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 43 (4 UL) Post-crisis developments in young adults’ housing wealthDewilde, Caroline; Flynn, Lindsay in Journal of European Social Policy (2021), 31(5), 580-596How has housing wealth inequality changed for young-adult households in the post-financial crisis period, and what is driving such change? We chart a path for subsequent studies by analysing the ... [more ▼]How has housing wealth inequality changed for young-adult households in the post-financial crisis period, and what is driving such change? We chart a path for subsequent studies by analysing the previously unexamined post-crisis housing wealth profile of young adults via different angles and using multiple inequality measures. Using household micro-data for 11 European countries (Household Finance and Consumption Survey, 2010–2017) and the United States (Survey of Consumer Finances, 2010–2016), we find that the accumulation of housing assets for 22–44 year olds is unevenly concentrated among high-income homeowners, over and above what would be expected given the well-known decline in homeownership. We describe and assess several potential drivers for these wealth profile changes, finding that the current explanations offered in the literature do not adequately account for the unequal wealth profile of young people. We conclude that a mix of dynamics, including housing market volatility, housing market configurations leading to uneven capital gains and losses, and the increased social selectivity of homeownership intersect to shape the ways that young adults navigate the housing market in post-crisis times. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 55 (3 UL) Wellbeing and perceived stigma in individuals with rheumatoid arthritis and fibromyalgia : a daily diary studyVan Alboom, Maité; De Ruddere, Lies; Kindt, Sara et alin CLINICAL JOURNAL OF PAIN (2021)Detailed reference viewed: 26 (2 UL) Degree Adjusted Large-Scale Network Analysis Reveals Novel Putative Metabolic Disease Genes.Badkas, Apurva ; Nguyen, Thanh-Phuong ; Caberlotto, Laura et alin Biology (2021), 10(2), A large percentage of the global population is currently afflicted by metabolic diseases (MD), and the incidence is likely to double in the next decades. MD associated co-morbidities such as non-alcoholic ... [more ▼]A large percentage of the global population is currently afflicted by metabolic diseases (MD), and the incidence is likely to double in the next decades. MD associated co-morbidities such as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and cardiomyopathy contribute significantly to impaired health. MD are complex, polygenic, with many genes involved in its aetiology. A popular approach to investigate genetic contributions to disease aetiology is biological network analysis. However, data dependence introduces a bias (noise, false positives, over-publication) in the outcome. While several approaches have been proposed to overcome these biases, many of them have constraints, including data integration issues, dependence on arbitrary parameters, database dependent outcomes, and computational complexity. Network topology is also a critical factor affecting the outcomes. Here, we propose a simple, parameter-free method, that takes into account database dependence and network topology, to identify central genes in the MD network. Among them, we infer novel candidates that have not yet been annotated as MD genes and show their relevance by highlighting their differential expression in public datasets and carefully examining the literature. The method contributes to uncovering connections in the MD mechanisms and highlights several candidates for in-depth study of their contribution to MD and its co-morbidities. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 153 (16 UL) Street name changes as language and identity inscription in the cityscapeTan, Peter K.; Purschke, Christoph in Linguistics Vanguard (2021), 7(s5), 1-13Detailed reference viewed: 47 (1 UL) Cultural representation in Luxembourgish street naming practicesPurschke, Christoph in Linguistics Vanguard (2021), 7(s5), 111Detailed reference viewed: 61 (3 UL) Sociétés civiles, associations et autres groupementsHiez, David in Revue Trimestrielle de Droit Commercial et de Droit Economique (2021), 1Detailed reference viewed: 105 (8 UL) The brain under stress—A systematic review and activation likelihood estimation meta-analysis of changes in BOLD signal associated with acute stress exposureBerretz, G.; Packheiser, J.; Kumsta, Robert et alin Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews (2021), 124Detailed reference viewed: 35 (3 UL) Demand-Based Adaptive Multi-Beam Pattern and Footprint Planning for High Throughput GEO Satellite SystemsJubba Honnaiah, Puneeth ; Maturo, Nicola; Chatzinotas, Symeon et alin IEEE Open Journal of the Communications Society (2021)Detailed reference viewed: 47 (14 UL) Regulating LibraZetzsche, Dirk Andreas ; Buckley, Ross; Arner, Douglasin Oxford Journal of Legal Studies (2021)Detailed reference viewed: 60 (6 UL) National isolation or regional cooperation? The media debate on border closures during the Covid-19 crisis in LuxembourgHögenauer, Anna-Lena in Small States & Territories (2021), 4(1), 61-74Having been initially confined largely to China, East Asia and Italy, the Covid-19 crisis swept quickly over Europe in March 2020. Luxembourg was among the many small continental European states with high ... [more ▼]Having been initially confined largely to China, East Asia and Italy, the Covid-19 crisis swept quickly over Europe in March 2020. Luxembourg was among the many small continental European states with high rates of infection. In the absence of a common European Union response, national responses to the crisis varied strongly. Decisions on the closing of borders and the limiting of cross-border movements have become a symbol of a newly found unilateralism. Luxembourg took the rare decision not to close its borders and disapproved of the restriction of cross-border movements by neighbouring states. The paper argues that this is the result of its size and economic policy which, in the context of EU integration, has led to strong interdependencies and social networks within the cross-border region. This argument is based on an analysis of the pre-Covid-19 situation in Luxembourg as a cross-border metropolitan region and how local newspaper articles can open a window to understand how the disruption caused by the pandemic reconfigured Luxembourg’s borders with its neighbouring European states of Belgium, France and Germany. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 91 (1 UL) A First Look at Android Applications in Google Play related to Covid-19Samhi, Jordan ; Allix, Kevin ; Bissyande, Tegawendé François D Assise et alin Empirical Software Engineering (2021)Due to the convenience of access-on-demand to information and business solutions, mobile apps have become an important asset in the digital world. In the context of the Covid-19 pandemic, app developers ... [more ▼]Due to the convenience of access-on-demand to information and business solutions, mobile apps have become an important asset in the digital world. In the context of the Covid-19 pandemic, app developers have joined the response effort in various ways by releasing apps that target different user bases (e.g., all citizens or journalists), offer different services (e.g., location tracking or diagnostic-aid), provide generic or specialized information, etc. While many apps have raised some concerns by spreading misinformation or even malware, the literature does not yet provide a clear landscape of the different apps that were developed. In this study, we focus on the Android ecosystem and investigate Covid-related Android apps. In a best-effort scenario, we attempt to systematically identify all relevant apps and study their characteristics with the objective to provide a First taxonomy of Covid related apps, broadening the relevance beyond the implementation of contact tracing. Overall, our study yields a number of empirical insights that contribute to enlarge the knowledge on Covid-related apps: (1) Developer communities contributed rapidly to the Covid-19, with dedicated apps released as early as January 2020; (2) Covid-related apps deliver digital tools to users (e.g., health diaries), serve to broadcast information to users (e.g., spread statistics), and collect data from users (e.g., for tracing); (3) Covid-related apps are less complex than standard apps; (4) they generally do not seem to leak sensitive data; (5) in the majority of cases, Covid-related apps are released by entities with past experience on the market, mostly official government entities or public health organizations. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 101 (39 UL) International Organisations and the Proliferation of Scientised Global Reporting, 1947–2019Zapp, Mike in Global Society: Journal of Interdisciplinary International Relations (2021)As novel instruments in global governance, international organisations’ (IOs) global reports have emerged in all policy sectors in the more recent period. Drawing on an original dataset of N = 363 ... [more ▼]As novel instruments in global governance, international organisations’ (IOs) global reports have emerged in all policy sectors in the more recent period. Drawing on an original dataset of N = 363 editions from N = 95 explicitly global reports from the period 1947–2019, this study documents the rise of reporting and uses citation and content analyses to examine the changing role of science. Reporting based on scientific research and quantitative indicators increases over time and across all sectors, yet particularly striking since the late 1980s and most in sectors dealing with human development and the environment. Drawing on arguments from world society theory, the sociology of quantification and post-truth approaches, this work argues that while reports provide IOs with new legitimacy in science-based governance, their scientised and quantified nature is likely to make IO activities the target of antiscientific populist rhetoric and critical arguments about a reductionist interpretation of science. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 56 (0 UL) Characterizing autonomous Maxwell demonsFreitas, Nahuel; Esposito, Massimiliano in Physical Review. E. (2021), 103(3), 032118Detailed reference viewed: 115 (3 UL) Development and Validation of the Revised Multicultural Ideology Scale in Germany and LuxembourgStogianni, Maria ; Berry, John; Grigoryev, Dmitry et alin Psychological Reports (2021)A revised version of the Multicultural Ideology Scale (rMCI; Berry 2020; Berry et al., 1977) is currently being developed to measure endorsement of multiculturalism in different cultural contexts. The ... [more ▼]A revised version of the Multicultural Ideology Scale (rMCI; Berry 2020; Berry et al., 1977) is currently being developed to measure endorsement of multiculturalism in different cultural contexts. The current study, which is part of this cross-cultural research project, presents the first assessment of the rMCI scale in the German language. The measure aims to cover several attitudinal dimensions of multiculturalism, relevant to the integration of different ethnocultural groups: Cultural Maintenance, Equity/Inclusion, Social interaction, Essentialistic Boundaries, Extent of Differences, and Consequences of Diversity. Two independent datasets were acquired from Germany (N = 382) and Luxembourg (N = 148) to estimate the factor structure of the rMCI using different confirmatory factor analysis techniques. The findings suggest that a 4-factor solution, including Cultural Maintenance, Equity/Inclusion, Social interaction, and Consequences of Diversity, was the best fit for the data. Most of these subscales demonstrated adequate psychometric properties (internal consistency, convergent, and discriminant validity). The 4-factor model of the rMCI was partially invariant across the two ethnic groups and full measurement invariance was established across gender. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 121 (9 UL) Socioeconomic and behavioural factors associated with access to and use of Personal Health RecordsPaccoud, Ivana ; Baumann, Michèle ; Le Bihan, Etienne et alin BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making (2021), 21Background: Access to and use of digital technology are more common among people of higher socioeconomic status. These differences might be due to lack of interest, not having physical access or having ... [more ▼]Background: Access to and use of digital technology are more common among people of higher socioeconomic status. These differences might be due to lack of interest, not having physical access or having lower intentions to use this technology. By integrating the digital divide approach and the User Acceptance of Information Technology (UTAUT) model, this study aims to further our understanding of socioeconomic factors and the mechanisms linked to different stages in the use of Personal Health Records (PHR): desire, intentions and physical access to PHR. Methods: A cross-sectional online and in-person survey was undertaken in the areas of Lorraine (France), Luxembourg, Rhineland-Palatinate and Saarland (Germany), and Wallonia (Belgium). Exploratory factor analysis was performed to group items derived from the UTAUT model. We applied linear and logistic regressions controlling for country-level heterogeneity, health and demographic factors. Results: A total of 829 individuals aged over 18 completed the questionnaire. Socioeconomic inequalities were present in the access to and use of PHR. Education and income played a significant role in individuals' desire to access their PHR. Being older than 65 years, and migrant, were negatively associated with desire to access PHR. An income gradient was found in having a physical access to PHR, while for the subgroup of respondents who expressed desire to have access, higher educational level was positively associated with intentions to regularly use PHR. In fully adjusted model testing the contribution of UTAUT-derived factors, individuals who perceived PHRs to be useful and had the necessary digital skills were more inclined to use their PHR regularly. Social influence, support and lack of anxiety in using technology were strong predictors of regular PHR use. Conclusion: The findings highlight the importance of considering all stages in PHR use: desire to access, physical access and intention to regularly use PHRs, while paying special attention to migrants and people with lower socioeconomic backgrounds who may feel financial constraints and are not able to exploit the potential of PHRs. As PHR use is expected to come with health benefits, facilitating access and regular use for those less inclined could reduce health inequalities and advance health equity. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 116 (7 UL) Smarter charging: Power allocation accounting for travel time of electric vehicle driversFridgen, Gilbert ; Thimmel, Markus; Weibelzahl, Martin et alin Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment (2021), 97Growing electric vehicle (EV) dissemination will increase charging infrastructure installation at home. Similar daily routines are associated with high peak loads due to simultaneous EV charging. However ... [more ▼]Growing electric vehicle (EV) dissemination will increase charging infrastructure installation at home. Similar daily routines are associated with high peak loads due to simultaneous EV charging. However, predominantly residential power transmission is not designed for such high loads, yielding charging bottlenecks and restricting future charging at home. Addressing such bottleneck situations and including the EV driver perspective, we introduce a power allocation mechanism that considers the total travel time of the upcoming trip, consisting of actual driving time and time required for charging externally (including the detour to public charging facilities). Assuming that travel time generally negatively correlates with EV driver utility, our optimization model maximizes the resulting utility of EV drivers. Avoiding unnecessary external charging stops due to an insufficient state of charge at the time of departure, our approach generates travel time savings that increase overall EV driver utility. We illustrate our approach using exemplary cases. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 102 (2 UL) Predictive and interpretable models via the stacked elastic netRauschenberger, Armin ; Glaab, Enrico ; van de Wiel, Markin Bioinformatics (2021), 37(14), 20122016Motivation: Machine learning in the biomedical sciences should ideally provide predictive and interpretable models. When predicting outcomes from clinical or molecular features, applied researchers often ... [more ▼]Motivation: Machine learning in the biomedical sciences should ideally provide predictive and interpretable models. When predicting outcomes from clinical or molecular features, applied researchers often want to know which features have effects, whether these effects are positive or negative, and how strong these effects are. Regression analysis includes this information in the coefficients but typically renders less predictive models than more advanced machine learning techniques. Results: Here we propose an interpretable meta-learning approach for high-dimensional regression. The elastic net provides a compromise between estimating weak effects for many features and strong effects for some features. It has a mixing parameter to weight between ridge and lasso regularisation. Instead of selecting one weighting by tuning, we combine multiple weightings by stacking. We do this in a way that increases predictivity without sacrificing interpretability. Availability and Implementation: The R package starnet is available on GitHub: https://github.com/rauschenberger/starnet. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 279 (27 UL) A human stem cell-derived test system for agents modifying neuronal N-methyl-d-aspartate-type glutamate receptor Ca2+-signallingKlima, Stefanie; Brüll, Markus; Spreng, Anna-Sophie et alin Archives of Toxicology (2021)Detailed reference viewed: 30 (0 UL) Test Selection for Deep Learning SystemsMa, Wei ; Papadakis, Mike ; Tsakmalis, Anestis et alin ACM Transactions on Software Engineering and Methodology (2021), 30(2), 131--1322Detailed reference viewed: 375 (44 UL)