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See detailTactilectures et re-marques (en collaboration Emmanuelle Pelard)
Roelens, Nathalie UL

Presentation (in press)

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See detailThe Internet and the EU Market from a historical perspective
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2021, January 29)

Co-organization of the conference: This conference, organised by the Robert Schuman Initiative for European Affairs with the support of the C²DH, aims to examine the relationship between the Internet, EU ... [more ▼]

Co-organization of the conference: This conference, organised by the Robert Schuman Initiative for European Affairs with the support of the C²DH, aims to examine the relationship between the Internet, EU regulation and market integration from a historical perspective. The speakers will analyse how the development of the Internet has facilitated market integration while also creating major regulatory challenges at the EU level, e.g. peering between ISPs, the taxation of electronic commerce, data protection issues, etc. We are also honoured to welcome Dr Viviane Reding, who will speak about her action as European Commissioner for Information Society and Media (2004-2010). Speakers: Elena Danescu (C²DH, University of Luxembourg), Stefan Gadringer (University of Salzburg), Christian Henrich-Franke (University of Siegen), and Dr Viviane Reding, Member of the Chamber of Deputies of Luxembourg (since 2018) and Member of the European Commission (1999-2014) – the first European Commissioner with responsibility for the Information Society and Media. Moderation by Frédéric Allemand, Andreas Fickers, David Howarth and Valérie Schafer (University of Luxembourg). [less ▲]

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See detailInstitutionnalisation des politiques sociales: catégorisation des publics - études de cas
Limbach-Reich, Arthur UL

Presentation (2020, March 13)

Ce travail présente aux participants les zones de tension dans le travail social qui surgissent avec la mise en œuvre de la CRDPH (La Convention relative aux droits des personnes handicapées, 2006). Sur ... [more ▼]

Ce travail présente aux participants les zones de tension dans le travail social qui surgissent avec la mise en œuvre de la CRDPH (La Convention relative aux droits des personnes handicapées, 2006). Sur le plan conceptuel, on examinera si le concept central « l'inclusion » convient comme concept directeur pour le travail social. En ce qui concerne le Luxembourg, des exemples sont utilisés pour montrer à quel point le travail social avec les personnes handicapées est soumis à une politique sociale empreinte de néolibéralisme. Dans une approche prospective, les tendances d'une économisation, de la numérisation et de la prise en compte épigénétique des tâches du travail social sont discutées. Comment le travail social doit-il traiter cette problématique et s'y préparer ? [less ▲]

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See detailTHE NETWORKS OF SCIENCE. DATA-DRIVEN UNDERSTANDING OF SCIENTIFIC PRODUCTION.
Kozlowski, Diego UL

Presentation (2020, March 05)

Detailed reference viewed: 81 (2 UL)
See detailUsing judge biographies together with the CJEU's archives
Fritz, Vera UL

Presentation (2020, February 20)

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See detailThe Digital Archive and the Politics of Digitisation
Zaagsma, Gerben UL

Presentation (2020, February 13)

This paper deals with a question that is becoming increasingly important for historians who work with digitised cultural heritage: what are the politics of digitisation and what are its implications for ... [more ▼]

This paper deals with a question that is becoming increasingly important for historians who work with digitised cultural heritage: what are the politics of digitisation and what are its implications for historical research? Is the often-lauded democratising potential of digitisation also offset by risks, inherent in selection processes that might privilege the digitisation of heritage corresponding to existing national master narratives, the availability of funding and/or the priorities set by cultural policies and certain research agendas? How does transnational heritage fit into this picture when most digitisation projects are, in one way or another, nationally framed? What biases can digital archives introduce in our work and how does that differ from issues of bias and selection in the ‘paper’ archive? In discussing these questions, I will provide a couple of examples before emphasising the importance of more transparency in this regard and the need for guidelines about how digital archives are constituted. A key point to highlight is that professional historians can and should be more open to learn from the experience of digital archivists and librarians who are at the forefront of the digital turn in heritage work. [less ▲]

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See detailArchivage et patrimoine nativement numérique
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2020, February 07)

Intervention sur l'archivage du Web en déclinant/discutant l'argumentaire de la séance– Les garanties des libertés numériques (notamment sur les enjeux de souveraineté nationale / l'interopérabilité des ... [more ▼]

Intervention sur l'archivage du Web en déclinant/discutant l'argumentaire de la séance– Les garanties des libertés numériques (notamment sur les enjeux de souveraineté nationale / l'interopérabilité des données etc.) Argumentaire de la séance : L’effectivité des droits et libertés numériques constitue une condition nécessaire de la confiance des citoyens dans les biens et services numériques. Créer les conditions de l’effectivité des libertés numériques représente à l’évidence un enjeu central pour les prochaines années. Les outils juridiques destinés à garantir l’effectivité des libertés numériques font l’objet d’intenses débats, comme par exemple s’agissant de la souveraineté numérique, de la transparence des données et des algorithmes, de la portabilité ou de l’interopérabilité des données. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the order of the reductions of algebraic numbers
Sgobba, Pietro UL

Presentation (2020, February 06)

Let K be a number field, and let G be a finitely generated and torsion-free subgroup of K*. For almost all primes p of K, we consider the order of the cyclic group (G mod p), and ask whether this number ... [more ▼]

Let K be a number field, and let G be a finitely generated and torsion-free subgroup of K*. For almost all primes p of K, we consider the order of the cyclic group (G mod p), and ask whether this number lies in a given arithmetic progression. The density of primes for which this condition holds exists (this generalizes a result of Ziegler from 2006) and it is, under certain assumptions, a computable positive rational number. We also present a uniformity property concerning some special cases. This is a joint work with A. Perucca. [less ▲]

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See detailHow to actively protect against dementia. Epidemiological evidence from Luxembourg
Leist, Anja UL

Presentation (2020, February)

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (3 UL)
See detail6-way coupling of DEM+CFD+FEM with preCICE
Besseron, Xavier UL; Rousset, Alban UL; Peyraut, Alice et al

Presentation (2020, February)

In this work, we present our preliminary results on the 6-way coupling of 3 numerical solvers: XDEM for the Discrete Element Method (DEM), OpenFOAM for Computation Fluid Dynamics (CFD), and deal.II for ... [more ▼]

In this work, we present our preliminary results on the 6-way coupling of 3 numerical solvers: XDEM for the Discrete Element Method (DEM), OpenFOAM for Computation Fluid Dynamics (CFD), and deal.II for Finite Element Method (FEM). We relied on the existing preCICE adapters for OpenFOAM and deal.II and we have implemented a new preCICE adapter for the eXtended Discrete Element Method (XDEM), an innovative DEM software developed at the University of Luxembourg. The XDEM adapter permits coupling of the particulate phase of DEM with CFD and FEM: - DEM+FEM is a surface coupling that performs the exchange of surface forces and displacement between the particles and a deformable solid; - DEM+CFD is a volume coupling that performs the exchange of porosity, momentum, drag force and buoyancy between the particles and the fluid. Put together with the pre-existing CFD+FEM coupling, we obtain a 6-way coupled multi-physics solver for particles, fluid and deformable solids. We have tested and evaluated our multi-physics solver on the tutorial case “Cylinder with a flap” derived from the benchmarking case of Turek and Hron, that we extended to include a particulate phase solved by XDEM. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 97 (7 UL)
See detailDe quoi l’histoire du Web fait-elle l’histoire ?
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2020, January 27)

Si les historien-ne-s se sont d’abord intéressé-es à l’histoire d’Internet avant celle du World Wide Web, la recherche dédiée au Web s’est développée ces dernières années, en lien avec un intérêt ... [more ▼]

Si les historien-ne-s se sont d’abord intéressé-es à l’histoire d’Internet avant celle du World Wide Web, la recherche dédiée au Web s’est développée ces dernières années, en lien avec un intérêt croissant pour les usages et les cultures numériques. Les archives du Web ont également contribué à stimuler l’intérêt pour la Toile et cette intervention se propose de revenir sur ces jalons historiographiques récents et majeurs. Aussi nous interrogerons en trois temps les territoires balisés, mais aussi les opportunités qui s’ouvrent pour l’histoire du Web : après avoir considéré les recherches liées aux « temps pionniers » et au World Wide Web en tant qu’innovation socio-technique, seront abordés les travaux portant sur le « Web en contexte » (et notamment à l’échelle nationale). Enfin, le « Web en société » et ses cultures numériques sont également devenus un terrain d’étude fécond, pour lequel nous développerons également quelques exemples et pistes de recherche. Ces trois axes invitent à penser l’écriture d’une histoire qui nous parle autant du Web du passé que du présent de la recherche. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (5 UL)
See detailL'archive sera dédiée ou ne sera pas
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2020, January 23)

Intervention dans le cadre de la thématique Avenir de l'archive sur IA, archives et place des archivistes, bibliothécaires et documentalistes dans ces évolutions.

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (1 UL)
See detailSexual abuse of adolescents - methodological problems of victimisation surveys
Heinz, Andreas UL

Presentation (2020, January 15)

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (0 UL)
See detailPunched Cards in Accounting at Helena Rubinstein
van Herck, Sytze UL

Presentation (2020, January 08)

Placing the design and use of computing devices into a broader context, I focus on the societal, business, and labour developments at the basis of new computer models. One of five carefully selected case ... [more ▼]

Placing the design and use of computing devices into a broader context, I focus on the societal, business, and labour developments at the basis of new computer models. One of five carefully selected case studies considers the use of Powers-Samas and later I.C.T. punched card equipment in accounting at the Helena Rubinstein make-up concern in London during the 1950s. For each case my research looks into changes in occupations after the introduction of new computer models, as well as its influence on the work space and workflow of employees. Finally, I study gender stereotypes in advertisements of the computers, and in this case of the punched card equipment. During the Work in Progress session I will briefly introduce my overall research approach and demonstrate which sources are available, and what is still missing for the punched card equipment case study. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (0 UL)
See detailEnvironmental Cheminformatics: Case study of Thirdhand Smoke in House Dust
Schymanski, Emma UL; Torres, Sonia; Ramirez, Noeia

Presentation (2020)

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (1 UL)
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See detailThe Future of Asset Management Law - Financial Operating Systems
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL

Presentation (2019, December 09)

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 UL)
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See detailRezente geodätische Akvtitäten im Südatlantik: GNSS und Pegelinstallationen auf Südgeorgien und Tristan da Cunha
Teferle, Felix Norman UL

Presentation (2019, December 05)

Provides details of the recent scientific activities in South Georgia and Tristan da Cunha giving some of the latest results. This is a combination of the results presented at IUGG2019 and ISAES2019.

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 UL)
See detailDigital Public History in Luxemburg
Fickers, Andreas UL

Presentation (2019, December 02)

Detailed reference viewed: 61 (4 UL)
See detailTowards a complexity turn in border studies? Rückblicke und Ausblicke
Wille, Christian UL

Presentation (2019, December)

Detailed reference viewed: 120 (0 UL)
See detailLuxatlas.lu: Der erste historische Stadtatlas Luxemburgs - digital und interaktiv.
Uhrmacher, Martin UL; Kass, Steve UL; Pauli, Sebastian

Presentation (2019, November 28)

Presentation of the Luxatlas.lu website, developed by the VILLUX project. This University of Luxembourg project, co-financed by the City of Luxembourg, provides an interactive digital tool that traces the ... [more ▼]

Presentation of the Luxatlas.lu website, developed by the VILLUX project. This University of Luxembourg project, co-financed by the City of Luxembourg, provides an interactive digital tool that traces the history of the city of Luxembourg and illustrates the stages of its development over the last 200 years. The historical town atlas is an innovative research tool to gain knowledge about the urban development, its conditions and characteristics and the underlying economic, social and political conditions. It brings together a collection of maps, explanatory texts, and chronological tables and images, which all trace the history of the city and illustrate the stages of its development. The digital and interactive historical atlas makes available research findings from a variety of disciplines such as history and geography and combines relevant information and data from national authorities and cultural institutions. It therefore provides a better understanding of the historical process of change from the 19th to the 20th centuries, including the histories of buildings, streets, neighbourhoods and urban quarters. The website can be accessed online: https://www.luxatlas.lu [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (2 UL)
See detailChildren's multilingual agency through translanguaging practices
Mortini, Simone UL

Presentation (2019, November 27)

My doctoral thesis focuses on eight children’s multilingual practices in the four institutions participating in the MuLiPEC research project, more precisely on their (trans)languaging and agency in ... [more ▼]

My doctoral thesis focuses on eight children’s multilingual practices in the four institutions participating in the MuLiPEC research project, more precisely on their (trans)languaging and agency in interaction with peers and practitioners. Guided by a sociocultural perspective on language learning and child agency and inspired by the methodology of linguistic ethnography, I drew on multidimensional qualitative research methods to understand the relationship between multilingual pedagogies, language learning, translanguaging and child agency. The data resulted in 65 days of participant observations (including fieldnotes and discussions), 473 video-recordings and 16 semi-structured interviews with the practitioners. The findings show that the children engaged in translanguaging practices for various purposes (e.g. communication, meaning making) and showed an agentive behaviour that went beyond active participation (e.g. influencing adults’ language practices). I argue that the practitioners’ multilingual practices and other sociocultural factors enabled the children’s agency and flexible language use. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (3 UL)
See detailDie Erfindung der Grenze. Luxemburg im Spiegel spätmittelalterlicher und frühneuzeitlicher Kartographie (15.-17. Jh.)
Uhrmacher, Martin UL

Presentation (2019, November 27)

Der Vortrag widmet sich dem Ursprung fester Grenzlinien auf Karten. Ausgehend von den ersten, noch punktuellen Erwähnungen Luxemburgs auf mittelalterlichen Karten wird der Frage nachgegangen, ab wann ... [more ▼]

Der Vortrag widmet sich dem Ursprung fester Grenzlinien auf Karten. Ausgehend von den ersten, noch punktuellen Erwähnungen Luxemburgs auf mittelalterlichen Karten wird der Frage nachgegangen, ab wann erstmals Grenzlinien zur Darstellung territorial-räumlicher Verhältnisse verwendet wurden und welche Rolle ihnen bei der Konstruktion von Herrschaft im Raum zukommt. Denn die tatsächlichen territorialpolitischen Verhältnisse waren noch bis zum Ende der frühen Neuzeit derart unübersichtlich und verworren, dass eine feste lineare Grenzziehung eigentlich nicht möglich war. Die Territorialkarten des 16. und 17. Jahrhunderts täuschen deshalb eine flächige Staatlichkeit des Herzogtums Luxemburg und der benachbarten Territorien vor, die es so eigentlich nicht gab. Dennoch prägen sie unser Bild der historischen Landschaft bis heute. [less ▲]

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See detailUn cours hybride linguistique et interculturel au coeur d'un réseau transfrontalier de centres de langues
Lejot, Eve UL; Molostoff, Leslie UL

Presentation (2019, November 22)

Un cours hybride linguistique et interculturel au cœur d’un réseau transfrontalier de centres de langues Les universités de Luxembourg, Kaiserslautern, Liège, Lorraine, Sarrebruck et Trèves sont réunies ... [more ▼]

Un cours hybride linguistique et interculturel au cœur d’un réseau transfrontalier de centres de langues Les universités de Luxembourg, Kaiserslautern, Liège, Lorraine, Sarrebruck et Trèves sont réunies depuis dix ans en un réseau transfrontalier. Aujourd'hui, ces 6 universités partagent 19 programmes bi et tri-nationaux imposant chacun un semestre d'échange. Une étude menée en 2017 par les centres de langues de Luxembourg et de Sarrebruck a mis en évidence le manque de préparation des étudiants à ces semestres d'échanges et donc l'absence de bénéfices tirés de cette expérience. Suite à ce constat, les centres de langues de ces universités ont décidé de mettre en commun leurs expertises respectives pour développer un outil d'accompagnement linguistique et interculturel à destination des étudiants. De ce partenariat est né le cours hybride bilingue franco-allemand Language Centres Greater Region – Préparation interactive, linguistique et culturelle à un semestre d'échange. Le cours est composé d'un parcours en ligne (hébergé sur la plateforme Moodle et divisé en cinq étapes : « Préparation avant le départ », « L'arrivée », « La vie sur place », « Les études » et « La validation des études »), d'activités en tandem, mais également de deux workshops de deux jours durant lesquels tous les étudiants (toutes universités confondues) se retrouvent. A l'issue d'une phase pilote et de deux semestres de cours, nous constatons que les étudiants intéressés par la plateforme ne sont pas exclusivement des étudiants de la Grande Région. Ce sont des étudiants Erasmus qui viennent dans nos universités ou nos étudiants respectifs qui partent en dehors de la Grande Région. Par ailleurs, à un niveau institutionnel, les services des relations internationales et de vie étudiante ont montré un intérêt (lors de Staff weeks, réunions internes ou conférences) pour le cours et pour une adaptation de celui-ci à leur université. Par conséquent, nous avons développé deux nouvelles alternatives : le « parcours pays » et le « parcours vierge » que nous allons présenter lors de cette communication. Les 4 « parcours pays » - France, Belgique, Allemagne et Luxembourg- sont le résultat d'un écrémage des spécificités liées aux villes des universités à partir desquelles les premiers parcours du projet Grande Région ont été créés. Nous avons fait en sorte de ne conserver que les activités pouvant s'appliquer à l'échelle nationale (exemple du CROUS pour la France, des contrats de location pour l'Allemagne, la prise de parole en cours pour la Belgique francophone et une recette de cuisine pour le Luxembourg). Le « parcours vierge » est une version destinée à partager l'expérience de notre réseau universitaire avec d'autres réseaux transfrontaliers – par exemple franco-espagnol. Il a été présenté à l'Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour qui est, avec l'UniGR, un de nos deux partenaires associés sur le projet. Le parcours que nous proposons nécessite d'être linguistiquement et culturellement adapté. Un soutien aux universités souhaitant adapter ce parcours est organisé sous forme d'un workshop de formation de formateurs. [less ▲]

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See detailL'administration des postes et des télégraphes : une institution entre responsabilité internationale et intérêts nationaux
Lafontaine, Aurélia UL

Presentation (2019, November 20)

Dans la deuxième moitié du XIXe siècle, le Grand-Duché de Luxembourg devient membre de deux organismes multilatéraux des (télé)communications, à savoir l’Union télégraphique internationale (UIT) et ... [more ▼]

Dans la deuxième moitié du XIXe siècle, le Grand-Duché de Luxembourg devient membre de deux organismes multilatéraux des (télé)communications, à savoir l’Union télégraphique internationale (UIT) et l’Union postale générale (UPU). Y siègent, non pas des diplomates, peu actifs dans un pays soumis, depuis le traité de Londres de 1867, à un statut de neutralité perpétuelle et désarmée, mais des représentants de l’administration des postes et des télégraphes. S’inscrivant dans une tendance historiographique récente et axée sur les concepts de la techno- diplomatie et de l’expert, l’exposé propose un cadre théorique combinant des notions de la théorie des petites puissances, issue des sciences politiques, et des concepts de sociologie. Sur cette base et pour la période comprise entre la naissance de l’UIT en 1865 et le début de la Première Guerre mondiale en 1914, la présentation vise à fournir des éléments de réponse à une question de recherche double. D’une part, il s’agit d’étudier le rôle et la stratégie du Grand-Duché et notamment des experts de l’administration des postes et des télégraphes au sein des organismes multilatéraux. Dans ce cadre, il convient également d’analyser si la définition de l’expert, telle que proposée dans la littérature scientifique, peut être appliquée aux représentants luxembourgeois ou si le Grand-Duché représente un cas particulier. D’autre part, l’exposé entend mettre en évidence les dynamiques de coopération, mais aussi les tensions qui surgissent dans ce contexte entre les trois institutions grand-ducales impliquées dans la représentation du pays, à savoir l’administration des postes, son ministère de tutelle qui est la Direction générale des Finances, ainsi que le Ministère des Affaires étrangères. Enfin, les corollaires de la représentation du Grand-Duché à l’UIT et à l’UPU seront étudiés. Il s’agira en particulier de déterminer si et comment le Luxembourg adapte son attitude dans d’autres formes de relations internationales en rapport avec les (télé)communications suite à l’émergence des unions et des standards qu’elles imposent. [less ▲]

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See detailMusik und Pädagogik als Kunst. Methoden und Konzepte. Ein Plädoyer für eine Gesamtausgabe der Schriften von Zoltán Kodály und für eine Beschäftigung mit europäischen Musikpädagogen
Sagrillo, Damien UL

Presentation (2019, November 15)

Mit der in den Jahren 2009 bis 2013 von Wilfried Gruhn initiierten und herausgegeben Gesamtausgabe der Schriften Kestenbergs als Vorbild hätte die Idee einer Gesamtausgabe der Schriften Zoltán Kodálys ... [more ▼]

Mit der in den Jahren 2009 bis 2013 von Wilfried Gruhn initiierten und herausgegeben Gesamtausgabe der Schriften Kestenbergs als Vorbild hätte die Idee einer Gesamtausgabe der Schriften Zoltán Kodálys nicht nur ein herausragendes Vorbild, nein es drängte sich auch förmlich auf. Der Vorteil einer solchen Publikation wäre, dass sie zum besseren Verständnis von Kodálys Musikpädagogik beitragen könnte. Außerhalb Ungarns hat diese nicht nur nicht den Stellenwert wie in ihrem Ursprungsland inne, sondern die darin immanent vermittelten Ideen erschließen sich nicht-ungarischen Musiklehrern aufgrund der Sprachbarrieren zum Teil nur lückenhaft. Es ist gewusst, dass Kodály seine Pädagogik konsequent aus der ungarischen Volksmusik ableitet, indem er Singübungen darauf basiert und sie stufenweise nach Schwierigkeit anpasst. Hilfreich wäre hier u.a. eine Übersetzung seiner im Jahre 1906 entstandenen Dissertation über die strophische Struktur der ungarischen Volkslieder, die in Zusammenhang mit seiner Zusammenarbeit mit Bartók und der Initiierung des Corpus Musicae Popularis Hungaricae, dieser wohl bemerkenswertesten Volksliedersammlung weltweit. Sie wird von Kodály über Generationen hinweg erfolgreich als Spielwiese für Musikunterricht in allgemeinbildenden Schulen, aber auch für angehende Musiker und Musikpädagogen im spezialisierten Musikunterricht angewendet. Es ist gewusst, dass Kodály sich erst nach seinen Tätigkeiten als Musikethnologe, Komponist, Dirigent, Musikkritiker und Vizerektor der Liszt-Akademie ab dem Jahre 1929 seiner musikpädagogischen Tätigkeit gewidmet hat (https://kodalyhub.com). Eine Herausgabe seiner Schriften beträfe demnach nicht nur musikpädagogische, sondern auch musikwissenschaftliche Beiträge wie auch solche, die in Zusammenhang mit seinen vielfältigen Tätigkeiten stehen. [less ▲]

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See detailPrésentation du projet Erasmus + « Language Centres Greater Region »
Lejot, Eve UL; Molostoff, Leslie UL

Presentation (2019, November 15)

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See detailSustainability, FinTech & Financial Inclusion
Veidt, Robin UL

Presentation (2019, November 14)

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See detailPoroelastic material characterisation by means of Artificial Neural Network
Dehghani, Hamidreza UL; Zilian, Andreas UL

Presentation (2019, November 13)

Poroelastic problems require multiscale and multiphysics techniques that are expensive and time-consuming, which result in either several simplifications or costly experimental tests. The latter motivates ... [more ▼]

Poroelastic problems require multiscale and multiphysics techniques that are expensive and time-consuming, which result in either several simplifications or costly experimental tests. The latter motivates us to develop a more efficient approach to address more complex problems with an acceptable computational cost. In this manuscript, first, the necessary equations derived from Asymptotic homogenisation for poroelastic media are mentioned. Then, the variational formulation of the cell problems is carried out and solved by the open-source FE package FEniCS. This is followed by presenting the advantages and downsides of macroscale properties identification via asymptotic homogenisation and the application of Artificial Neural Network (ANN) to solve the issues stated as its downsides by means of bypassing the process of solving the cell problems. Finally, we study a practical example, namely, spatial dependent porosity (in macroscale) to demonstrate the feasibility of using the provided framework to include more details. Further applications, including growth and remodelling, are subjects of future articles. [less ▲]

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See detailScoring concept Maps: Insights from an international, systematic literature review
Rohles, Björn UL

Presentation (2019, November 06)

Detailed reference viewed: 4 (0 UL)
See detailNewcomers’ translanguaging practices in learning situations
Degano, Sarah UL

Presentation (2019, November 06)

To expand learning opportunities for all students in bilingual schools, including newly-arrived ones, a growing number of scholars advocate for implementing translanguaging pedagogies that leverage the ... [more ▼]

To expand learning opportunities for all students in bilingual schools, including newly-arrived ones, a growing number of scholars advocate for implementing translanguaging pedagogies that leverage the students’ full range of semiotic resources (García et al. 2012). Yet, research which focusses on the newcomers’ translanguaging practices and involves multiple languages remains scarce. Counting less than 2% of Luxembourg’s primary school population (MENEJ 2018), newly-arrived students face an important educational challenge as the instruction of French, German and Luxembourgish accounts for 40.5% of all curricular time. While the present doctoral project investigates the language practices of fourth-graders of different language and migration backgrounds, this paper explores the extent to which two newcomers from different schools, Portuguese-speaking Harry and Slovenian-speaking Leon, mobilize their semiotic resources to learn curricular content in French and Science lessons while interacting with their peers and teachers. Data stem from forty-two days of observation throughout Years 4 and 5, approximately twenty hours of video-recordings and four semi-structured interviews with the students about some of the recorded events. Findings first show that, with peers, Harry and Leon used all institutional languages to discuss curricular content and Harry additionally used Portuguese and English. Second, with teachers, Leon flexibly used all institutional languages, but Harry did not. Third, both newcomers regularly translanguaged in Year 4 but almost completely dropped this practice in Year 5. The students’ differing translanguaging practices likely connect to the language practices of their interlocutors and the learning situations within the classroom contexts. [less ▲]

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See detailThe effect of grade retention on reading skills of immigrant children in multilingual elementary school. A longitudinal study.
Ertel Silva, Cintia UL; Alieva, Aigul; Hornung, Caroline UL et al

Presentation (2019, November 06)

In a longitudinal study the effect of grade retention on reading skills of immigrant children in multilingual elementary school was investigated. The study was conducted between 2013 and 2017 and thirty ... [more ▼]

In a longitudinal study the effect of grade retention on reading skills of immigrant children in multilingual elementary school was investigated. The study was conducted between 2013 and 2017 and thirty-four per cent of the sample was lost due to grade retention. These children had been followed from kindergarten to grade 3 of elementary school. To observe differences among promoted and retained students, we assessed them using various language and socioeconomic measures. We also compared a subgroup of promoted students, scoring lower in grade 2 than the mean of retained students in reading comprehension. The current study revealed four main findings. Firstly, there were no significant differences between promoted and retained students in their first language vocabulary (Portuguese). Secondly, there was a significant difference in second and third language vocabularies (Luxembourgish and German) and in German reading tasks (the language of instruction) from kindergarten to grade 2, with promoted students scoring higher than retained students. Thirdly, and most importantly, retained students did not catch up with promoted students in the language of instruction (German) measures even after grade retention, but they did in language of socialisation (Luxembourgish). Fourthly, and in contrast to retained students, the low-achieving promoted students improved significantly in German reading comprehension by grade 3.The last two findings underline that grade retention does not lead to improvement in children’s reading comprehension. As vocabulary is one of the main predictors of reading comprehension, programs that improve poor readers’ vocabulary knowledge may be more efficient than grade retention. The present findings corroborate previous studies reporting that grade retention is not beneficial and that low-achieving students promoted to the next grade show better academic outcomes later than retained students. [less ▲]

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See detailComputational analysis of molecular network perturbations in complex diseases
Glaab, Enrico UL

Presentation (2019, November 01)

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See detailInterventions à domicile pour renforcer le soutien parental dans les apprentissages scolaires des jeunes enfants : les enjeux méthodologiques et éthiques.
Poncelet, Débora UL; De Chambrier, Anne-Françoise; Tinnes-Vigne, Mélanie et al

Presentation (2019, November)

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See detailInvestigating magnetic nanoparticles by small-angle neutron scattering
Bender, Philipp Florian UL

Presentation (2019, November)

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See detailDialog, Monolog, Hybrid - Mehrsprachige Theatertexte in Luxemburg
Bloch, Natalie UL

Presentation (2019, November)

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See detailComparing Academic Languages: German, English, French
Huemer, Birgit UL; Deroey, Katrien UL; Lejot, Eve UL

Presentation (2019, October 30)

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See detailTHE MARKET SKEWNESS-RETURN RELATIONSHIP
Lehnert, Thorsten UL

Presentation (2019, October 29)

The observed negative relationship between market skewness and excess return or the negative price of market skewness risk in the cross-section of stock returns is somewhat counterintuitive when we ... [more ▼]

The observed negative relationship between market skewness and excess return or the negative price of market skewness risk in the cross-section of stock returns is somewhat counterintuitive when we consider the usual interpretation of e.g. option-implied skewness as an indicator of jump risk or downside risk. One possible explanation for this inconsistency is that there are factors affecting option-implied market skewness other than jump risk in the stock market. In this paper, I find that price pressure associated with “crowded trades” of mutual funds is an important endogenous factor. Given that retail investors are prone to herding, the directional trading of mutual funds is correlated, and their collective actions can generate short-term price pressure on aggregate stock prices. Short sellers systematically exploit these patterns not only in the equity lending market, but also in the options market. In line with this economic channel, I find that firstly, the significant negative relationship between market skewness and returns becomes insignificant, once I control for price pressure. Secondly, the negative relationship is only present for the “bad” downside component of risk-neutral skewness, associated with out-of-the-money put options. For the “good” upside component of risk-neutral skewness, associated with out-of-the-money call options, the relationship is always positive. Thirdly, price pressure affects the skewness-return relationship, which can be clearly distinguished from the impact of flows on the volatility-return relationship in terms of the leverage effect. [less ▲]

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See detailARPANET en contexte
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2019, October 29)

La naissance d'Arpanet en contexte Après être revenue sur la naissance du réseau dans les années qui précèdent directement la première connexion et les évènements de 1969 au sein du projet, cette ... [more ▼]

La naissance d'Arpanet en contexte Après être revenue sur la naissance du réseau dans les années qui précèdent directement la première connexion et les évènements de 1969 au sein du projet, cette intervention élargira le regard en amont (les réseaux avant Arpanet, les racines du temps partagé, etc.) et en aval (filiation et valeurs d'Internet qui sont célébrées à travers Arpanet). [less ▲]

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See detailIncompatibilités, disciplines & déontologies parlementaires
Poirier, Philippe UL

Presentation (2019, October 28)

Etude pour le Groupe d'Etats contre la Corruption du Conseil de l'Europe comparant les cas de l'Allemagne, de la Belgique de la France, du Luxembourg, de la Suisse et de l'Union européenne par rapport à ... [more ▼]

Etude pour le Groupe d'Etats contre la Corruption du Conseil de l'Europe comparant les cas de l'Allemagne, de la Belgique de la France, du Luxembourg, de la Suisse et de l'Union européenne par rapport à la déontologie parlementaire [less ▲]

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See detailExperiential Culture: Feeling the Museum of the Future
Morse, Christopher UL

Presentation (2019, October 25)

In an age when the museum experience is no longer tethered to physical spaces, how might we design for memorable experiences in the digital? Exploring the intersection of cultural objects, user interfaces ... [more ▼]

In an age when the museum experience is no longer tethered to physical spaces, how might we design for memorable experiences in the digital? Exploring the intersection of cultural objects, user interfaces, and human emotion, this talk unpacks the space between the future and the past, offering a new approach to interacting with our shared cultural heritage. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment across the life span and (Cross-)Cultural Psychology
Albert, Isabelle UL

Presentation (2019, October 21)

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See detailRoundtable on uses of Web archives and concluding remarks
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2019, October 18)

Descriptif de la journée Le vendredi 18 octobre 2019, les Archives de l’État et la Bibliothèque royale (KBR) vous emmèneront dans l’univers complexe de l’archivage du web, lors d’un colloque sous le thème ... [more ▼]

Descriptif de la journée Le vendredi 18 octobre 2019, les Archives de l’État et la Bibliothèque royale (KBR) vous emmèneront dans l’univers complexe de l’archivage du web, lors d’un colloque sous le thème « Saving the web : the promise of a Belgian web archive ». Pourquoi le web belge devrait-il être archivé ? Quel contenu du web belge est/sera sauvegardé ? Qu’est-ce au fond, le web belge ? Quels instruments sont utilisés pour archiver le web ? Comment le contenu est-il sauvegardé ? Comment peut-on avoir accès aux archives du web ? Quels sont les besoins des utilisateurs en matière d’archives du web ? Qu’en est-il de l’archivage du web à l’étranger ? Quels sont les aspects juridiques que les Archives de l’État et la Bibliothèque royale doivent prendre en compte ? Depuis 2017, les Archives de l’État, la KBR, les universités de Gand (Research Group for Media, Innovation and Communication Technologies ; Ghent Centre for Digital Humanities) et de Namur (Research Centre in Information, Law and Society) et la Haute-École Bruxelles-Brabant (Unité de Recherche et de Formation en Sciences de l’Information et de la Documentation) développent une stratégie pour l’archivage du web au niveau fédéral, dans le cadre du projet de recherche PROMISE. Les chercheurs de ce projet, qui est financé par le SPP Politique scientifique (Belspo), auront le plaisir de présenter les résultats de leurs travaux lors d’un colloque consacré à l’archivage du web. Entre-temps, ils continuent à mettre en place et à tester une plateforme d’accès, ils contrôlent la qualité des informations archivées et ils analysent en profondeur les aspects juridiques des modalités de consultation des archives du web. Après l’été, la stratégie sera présentée au comité de direction des Archives de l’État et de la KBR, et ensuite, des procédures concrètes seront élaborées. [less ▲]

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See detailLe Dialogue 'dans tous ses états' : Regards croisés sur les discours dans 'Mona Lisa Smile'
Arend, Béatrice UL; Sunnen, Patrick UL; Weber, Jean-Marie UL

Presentation (2019, October 17)

En nous reportant sur des extraits de Le Sourire de Mona Lisa, nous interrogeons des discours en contexte d’enseignement-apprentissage. Dans une perspective croisée de deux approches différentes et ... [more ▼]

En nous reportant sur des extraits de Le Sourire de Mona Lisa, nous interrogeons des discours en contexte d’enseignement-apprentissage. Dans une perspective croisée de deux approches différentes et complémentaires à la fois, nous portons un regard analytique sur les dialogues d’une enseignante et de ses étudiantes. L’analyse conversationnelle et la psychanalyse offrent des vues creusées et élargies sur la parole professionnelle et les interactions en classe. La présentation montre aussi le recours pertinent à des films de cinéma pour éclairer notre réflexion sur l’agir professionnel de l’enseignant. [less ▲]

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See detailInside the Trading Zone: Thinkering at C²DH digital history Lab
Fickers, Andreas

Presentation (2019, October 03)

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See detailCurriculum Development in Multilingual Societies: the example of Luxembourg
Sattler, Sabrina UL

Presentation (2019, October 03)

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See detailArchives du Web, "la cathédrale et le bazar"
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2019, October 03)

Le groupe de travail Ethique & Droit a organisé, avec le soutien de l’URFIST Méditerranée, une journée d’étude intitulée « Diffuser les données numériques en SHS : le droit et l’éthique comme alliés » ... [more ▼]

Le groupe de travail Ethique & Droit a organisé, avec le soutien de l’URFIST Méditerranée, une journée d’étude intitulée « Diffuser les données numériques en SHS : le droit et l’éthique comme alliés ». S’inscrivant dans la dynamique de la science ouverte, cette journée d’étude a présenté l’actualité juridique et éthique de la diffusion des données en SHS tout en précisant les orientations actuelles des institutions d’enseignement et de recherche en la matière. De nouvelles problématiques, comme celles soulevées par les archives du web, ont été abordées, notamment lors de mon intervention qui prenait pour point de départ la référence à l'ouvrage d'E. Raymond et les différents modèles de conservation et d'accès aux archives du Web mais aussi les enjeux éthiques posés par les périmètres de conservation notamment. voir: https://ethiquedroit.hypotheses.org/3003 [less ▲]

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See detailFrontières et identités spatiales dans la Grande Région SaarLorLux
Wille, Christian UL

Presentation (2019, October)

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See detailRemixed und reloaded: Der Chor und das (neue) Volkstheater
Bloch, Natalie UL; Tropper, Elisabeth UL

Presentation (2019, October)

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See detailExtraterritorial Duty to Regulate Transnational Business Activities
Baglayan, Basak UL

Presentation (2019, October)

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See detailFinTech, Financial Inclusion and Sustainable Investment
Veidt, Robin UL

Presentation (2019, September 28)

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See detailThe Alfred Oppenheimer Testimony and Luxemburg's Master Narrative
Wingerter, Elisabeth UL; Scuto, Denis

Presentation (2019, September 26)

“Nature, thank God, is far more merciful than people”. This memorable statement is taken from Alfred Oppenheimer’s testimony during the Eichmann trial in Jerusalem, in which he describes his ordeals ... [more ▼]

“Nature, thank God, is far more merciful than people”. This memorable statement is taken from Alfred Oppenheimer’s testimony during the Eichmann trial in Jerusalem, in which he describes his ordeals during the war. Alfred Oppenheimer (1901-1993), a Jewish business owner in Luxembourg and later “Eldest of the Jews” during the Occupation by Nazi Germany (1940-1944), has shared his story of perseverance and survival in Theresienstadt and Auschwitz-Birkenau both in the context of trials and in the media. As indicated before, he served as a witness in the Eichmann trial, where he recounted his deportation from Luxembourg and the severe conditions during his imprisonment. In addition to that, he participated in the first war crimes trial in Luxembourg in 1949/50. In fact, as one of the few deported Jews from Luxembourg who survived and returned to the country after 1945, his experiences did not only serve as an essential source for historical and memorial works, but were also integrated into the Grand-Duchy’s national master narrative. They featured in various interviews, documentaries and printed media, especially in the 1980’s and 1990’s. Our presentation aims at exploring the mediatization of Alfred Oppenheimer’s testimony and its significance for Luxembourgish society and its self-perception. We will analyze its use throughout the different stages of postwar public discourse. The immediate postwar period, for instance, was marked mainly by the memory of resistance against the Nazi occupant and by the perspective of Luxembourgish prisoners of war and the forcibly recruited. At that time, Oppenheimer’s account was featured in the Rappel, a journal edited by the LPPD (Ligue luxembourgeoise des prisonniers et déportés politiques) which represented a particular and limited perspective on Luxembourg’s history during the Nazi occupation. Following a slow process of intensifying public debates in other European countries and a growing interest in historical research, public discourse in Luxembourg progressed from a dominantly resistance-driven view to a more differentiated perspective. In this context, Holocaust remembrance became more important and the Jewish victim group started to stand out. The presentation will trace the journey of Alfred Oppenheimer’s testimony throughout Luxemburg’s contemporary history and demonstrate that it is connected to the notion of a new national consciousness after WWII. It will explore how his story moved from the court to the media and how it was told in different outlets throughout society’s path towards understanding its role in the larger context of Nazi occupation, Holocaust and their aftermath in history and memory. [less ▲]

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See detail« Ouvert – Inspirant – Innovant », la réalité sous le slogan
Pausch, Marie-Pierre UL

Presentation (2019, September 24)

Le 22 septembre 2018, était inauguré le bâtiment emblématique du nouveau campus de l’Université du Luxembourg : le Luxembourg Learning Centre, dont la superficie approche les 13000 m². Abrité dans un ... [more ▼]

Le 22 septembre 2018, était inauguré le bâtiment emblématique du nouveau campus de l’Université du Luxembourg : le Luxembourg Learning Centre, dont la superficie approche les 13000 m². Abrité dans un ancien bâtiment industriel, il était le résultat d’une collaboration exceptionnelle, longue de dix ans, entre l’architecte luxembourgeois, François Valentiny, un maître d’ouvrage, le Fonds Belval, et les usagers de la Bibliothèque universitaire, représenté par sa Direction. Quels étaient les lignes directrices du projet ? Ses forces et faiblesses ? Comment son aménagement a-t-il été conçu ? Quel révolution s’est-elle opérée au niveau des services offerts – avec quelle place pour l’usager ? Et pour le professionnel ? Et un an plus tard, quels enseignements ? Voilà quelques-unes des questions auxquelles tentera de répondre la présentation. https://llc.uni.lu/en/ [less ▲]

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See detailClimate Finance: Current legal features and challenges in International Law
Alexandraki, Chrysa UL

Presentation (2019, September 21)

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See detailHiring Processes in Male- and Female-Dominated Occupations: Evidence for Gendered Scarring due to Unemployment
Gutfleisch, Tamara Rebecca UL; Samuel, Robin UL

Presentation (2019, September 14)

Spells of unemployment have been shown to negatively affect the hiring chances of job applicants. These so-called "scarring effects" might be gender-specific due to gender bias in recruiters' hiring ... [more ▼]

Spells of unemployment have been shown to negatively affect the hiring chances of job applicants. These so-called "scarring effects" might be gender-specific due to gender bias in recruiters' hiring decisions. However, systematic analyses of the conditions under which scarring effects become gender-specific are missing. Against this background, we examine how gender and the duration of unemployment interactively shape recruiters' hiring decisions. We use data from a multinational factorial survey experiment among recruiters conducted in Switzerland and Norway. By focusing on a male-dominated (mechanics) and a female-dominated occupation (nursing), we test the hypothesis that gendered role expectations affect recruiters' hiring decisions towards unemployed men and women. We find, overall, evidence for heterogeneous scarring effects. By constituting new evidence on gender differences in scarring due to unemployment, this study contributes to our understanding of the demand-side barriers to successful and "gender-equal" transitions to employment. [less ▲]

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See detailUpdate Internationales und Europäisches IT-Steuerrecht
Sinnig, Julia UL

Presentation (2019, September 14)

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See detailL'imaginaire de la logique contractuelle : subversion, reconnaissance, résonance - autour de l'arrêt Churchill Falls
Bélanger, André; Saint-Onge, Simon; Dufour, Pascale UL et al

Presentation (2019, September 13)

Les trois conférencier(ière)s, avec la collaboration de Jean-Guy Belley, se proposent d’investir le contrat, instrument juridique qui se donne à penser comme un pharmakon, c’est-à-dire comme un bouc ... [more ▼]

Les trois conférencier(ière)s, avec la collaboration de Jean-Guy Belley, se proposent d’investir le contrat, instrument juridique qui se donne à penser comme un pharmakon, c’est-à-dire comme un bouc-émissaire à qui l’on impute un tort social en contexte néo-libéral. Envisager le contrat comme un pharmakon, c’est, certes, percevoir en lui l’expression d’un oubli de la relation de droit comme relation sociale, mais aussi le potentiel d’une solution à ce même problème. À partir de l’arrêt de la Cour suprême Churchill Falls et à travers le spectre de la Théorie critique (la subversion chez Theodor W. Adorno, la reconnaissance chez Axel Honneth et la résonance chez Hartmut Rosa), l’imaginaire du contrat déploie ces deux facettes que sont celles d’être le poison et le remède au déficit relationnel du lien juridique. [less ▲]

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See detailA Temporal Warehouse for Modern Luxembourgish Text Collections
Gierschek, Daniela UL; Gilles, Peter UL; Purschke, Christoph UL et al

Presentation (2019, September 12)

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See detailSeeking 'truth' after devastating, multi-layered conflict: The complex case of transitional justice in South Sudan
Owiso, Owiso UL

Presentation (2019, September 07)

Barely three years after seceding from Sudan following five decades of armed struggle against systematic marginalisation and oppression, South Sudan descended into a protracted civil war from 15 December ... [more ▼]

Barely three years after seceding from Sudan following five decades of armed struggle against systematic marginalisation and oppression, South Sudan descended into a protracted civil war from 15 December 2013 when President Salva Kiir and Deputy President Riek Machar fell out. The signing of the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan on 17 August 2015 after almost two years of devastating conflict thus signalled hope for the beginning of the long process of reconciliation and social (re)construction in South Sudan. This hope was, however, short-lived when, barely eleven months after the signing of the Agreement, Kiir and Machar fell out again and the civil war continued. Again, the concerted efforts of the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development, supported by the African Union and other international stakeholders, secured a recommitment to the 2015 Agreement by Kiir, Machar and a host of other splinter rebel groups on 12 September 2018 in the form of the Revitalised Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (R-Agreement). The conflict was characterised by widespread and systematic violations of human rights and humanitarian law possibly amounting to international crimes committed by all parties to the conflict, most of which have been painstakingly documented by multiple entities including the African Union Commission of Inquiry into South Sudan, the African Committee of Experts on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, the United Nations Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan, the UN Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of internally Displaced Persons and civil society organisations. In order to deal with the legacy of the conflict, the R-Agreement provides a transitional justice roadmap for South Sudan which includes proposals for the creation of the Commission for Truth, Reconciliation and Healing (the Commission), the Compensation and Reparation Authority and the Hybrid Court for South Sudan (Hybrid Court). The objective of this paper is to examine the potential of the Commission to contribute towards sustainable transitional justice solutions in South Sudan, based on contemporary standards and practice of transitional justice. The paper adopts (i) a historical approach in order to understand the context of truth-seeking in South Sudan and history’s influence on the R-Agreement’s transitional justice provisions, and (ii) descriptive and analytical approaches in examining the proposed design and operation of the Commission. The paper also draws inspiration from truth-seeking experiences in other countries and explores possibilities for learning. Notably, South Sudan is still restive and as such, the analysis in this paper is set against the background of a society caught in the uncertain and ambiguous state between conflict and post-conflict. Therefore, while exploring its key objective, the paper also grapples with the complex question of when a society can be considered to be ‘ripe’ for transitional justice intervention. [less ▲]

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See detailYoung children's agency in learning novel languages in multilingual environments
Mortini, Simone UL

Presentation (2019, September 05)

The concept of child agency is highly discussed in the fields of humanities, sociology and education. Whereas children were previously conceptualised as incomplete adults or social becomings in the adult ... [more ▼]

The concept of child agency is highly discussed in the fields of humanities, sociology and education. Whereas children were previously conceptualised as incomplete adults or social becomings in the adult world, children’s agency has undergone a paradigm shift in recent decades. Pioneer early childhood scholars such as Prout and James (1990) and Corsaro (2005) have argued that children are reflexive, agentive and social beings, who construct and re-construct childhood and actively shape socialization processes. Similarly, scholars in the emerging field of preschool bilingual education have stressed children’s active role in language learning processes and in shaping language policies and practices through their own languaging and interactions (Bergroth & Palviainen, 2017; Boyd & Huss, 2017; Schwartz, 2018). These scholars define children’s bilingual agency as the ‘socioculturally mediated capacity to act, as it is reflected in the children’s communicative acts’ (Ahearn, 2001; Bergroth & Palviainen, 2017). From the same sociocultural perspective on learning, educationalist researchers show that preschool children’s agency is embedded in institutional and interactional orders (Huf 2013, Hilpöö et al., 2016). Young children can express a bilingual agency by linguistically supporting each other (Mourão, 2018); discussing and evaluating their own and others’ language practices (Almér, 2017); demonstrating a metalinguistic awareness (Schwartz, 2018); and even by modifying language policy-in-practice (Boyd & Huss, 2017). Moreover, studies suggest that opportunities to use languages flexibly in the classroom may give children some agency over their language use and facilitate their language learning (García & Kleifgen, 2018). Nevertheless, findings on young children’s translanguaging and agency are still scarce, particularly in multilingual contexts involving more than two languages (Kirsch, 2017; Schwartz, 2018). In light of these current trends and gaps in the fields of language learning and education, the present doctoral study gives insights into young children’s agency in learning novel languages in Luxembourg. In this trilingual country, a new law on multilingual education was passed in 2017. This transition from a monolingual to a multilingual language policy was motivated by recent results of national studies which showed that non-Luxembourgish children scored below average in primary school (MENJE, 2017). As the new multilingual language policy strives for social justice and equal opportunities, early childhood practitioners are now required to teach Luxembourgish to the children, familiarize them with French and value their home languages. This doctoral thesis is part of the research project MuLiPEC (Kirsch, 2016-2019) which provided seven practitioners in two formal and two non-formal early childhood education settings with an extensive professional training and individual coaching in multilingual pedagogies. Whereas the main research team examined the practitioners’ changing multilingual practices, knowledge and beliefs, I focused on the children in these settings. I investigated eight two- to four-year-old children’s languaging and agentive behaviour over the period of a year. The present paper focuses on four focal children in two formal education settings. In the précoce, a non-compulsory preschool year for three-year-olds, one Portuguese- and one Cape Verdean Creole-speaking girls learned Luxembourgish as a second language. In the compulsory preschool for children aged four to five, two Spanish-speaking boys had previously learned features of other languages (French, Mallorquí, English) and encountered Luxembourgish as a novel language. Following research questions are addressed: - In what ways and to what extent do the four children deploy their linguistic and non-linguistic repertoires in interaction with peers and teachers? - In what ways and to what extent do the children express a multilingual agency in language learning? - In what ways is the children’s multilingual agency socioculturally embedded? The findings should contribute to the understanding of children’s agency in learning novel languages in early childhood education settings implementing multilingual pedagogies. This longitudinal study drew on multidimensional qualitative methods, including observations, fieldnotes, videography, informal discussions and semi-structural interviews with the practitioners. I visited the two schools bi-weekly for three consecutive days during one academic year. The data presented in this paper stems from 34 days of observations during daily interactions and planned language learning activities; 277 video-recordings in lengths ranging from one to forty minutes; and eight semi-structured interviews. Adopting an emic perspective, the data were firstly examined with a thematic analysis following Braun and Clarke (2006). I coded the fieldnotes and the transcriptions of the video-recordings and classified these codes into different forms of languaging and interactions. As the study adopted a sociocultural perspective on language learning, selected interactions were additionally analysed line-by-line using a ‘sociocultural theory approach to conversation analysis’ inspired by Seedhouse (2005). The analysis proceeded inductively and deductively being influenced by the literature review. Consequently, I identified the children’s agentive behaviour during interactions with their peers and practitioners. The coding and classification were extensively discussed with Schwartz and Kirsch in the process of collaboratively writing an article on child agency. As a result, the emergent themes were called: active participation (e.g. engaging through translanguaging in the morning circle; creatively reproducing the adults’ communication strategies); and language management (e.g. taking a leading role in shaping activities in a specific language; refusing to speak a language). Finally, the observational data and interviews were triangulated (Flick, 2011). To assure accuracy and trustworthiness, the findings were discussed and compared in meetings with further international researchers in the fields of multilingualism and early childhood education. The research project complies with the ethics principles of the National Data Protection Regulatory Agency and the University of Luxembourg. Moreover, the study followed the recognised ethical principles of the British Educational Research Association. The participants gave their informed consent and their anonymity is strictly respected in presentations and publications. The data showed that the children were not passively socialised into the Luxembourgish language, but actively shaped this process by challenging norms through different types of agentive behaviour during interactions and activities (Schwartz 2018). Firstly, the children actively participated through non-verbal communication (e.g. pointing, doing actions); the use of other languages (e.g. home languages or languages picked up in a crèche); and the repetition of formulaic speech (e.g. Luxembourgish, French) after practitioners and peers. Moreover, they creatively reproduced (Corsaro, 2005) the practitioners’ language use (e.g. labelling and asking questions) during peer interactions. Furthermore, they all showed a pragmatic sensitivity (e.g. adapting their languaging to their interlocutors, asking for translations) and one child a cross-linguistic sensitivity (e.g. comparing words in different languages). Secondly, the children’s involvement went beyond active participation as they not only monitored their own language use (e.g. translanguaged to mediate meaning), but managed to shape the language use of their peers and practitioners. This agentive behaviour was characterised by engaging in peer teaching (e.g. giving corrective feedback); shaping and changing activities (e.g. transforming a monolingual activity into a multilingual one); refusing to speak a language (e.g. the home language in favour of the dominant language). By transforming or resisting language practices, the children made choices to act against expectations and norms (Fogle 2012). This finding presumes that these very young children were to some extent conscious about prevailing norms in the settings (Bergroth & Palviainen, 2017). Finally, the triangulation of the data showed that the children’s multilingual agency was shaped by the teachers’ own agency and language practices, which in turn were shaped by their conceptualisations of the children (e.g. competent versus incompetent), the official language policies (e.g. monolingual versus multilingual) and the professional development and coaching they were given by the research team (Kirsch & Aleksić, 2018). References: Ahearn, L. (2001). Language and agency, Annual Review of Anthropology, 30: 109-137. Almér, E. (2017). Children’s beliefs about bilingualism and language use as expressed in child-adult conversations, Multilingua, 36(4): 401-424. Bergroth, M., & Palviainen, Å. (2017). Bilingual children as policy agents: Language policy and education policy in minority language medium Early Childhood Education and Care, Multilingua, 36(4): 375-399. Boyd, S., & Huss, L. (2017). Young children as language policy-makers: studies of interaction in preschools in Finland and Sweden, Multilingua, 36(4), 359-373. Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology, Qualitative Research in psychology, 3(2): 77-101. Corsaro, W. (2005). Collective Action and Agency in Young Children’s Peer Cultures. In J. Qvortrup (ed.), Studies in Modern Childhood: Society, Agency, Culture (pp. 231-247). Hampshire: Palgrave MacMillen. Flick, U. (2011). Triangulation - Eine Einführung (3. aktualisierte Auflage). (Reihe Qualitative Sozialforschung). Wiesbaden: Verlag für Sozialwissenschaft. Fogle, L. W. (2012). Second language socialization and learner agency: Talk in three adoptive families. Bristol: Multilingual Matters. García, O., & Kleifgen, J.A. (2018). Educating Emergent Bilinguals: Policies, Programs, and Practices for English Learners (Second edition). New York: Teachers College Press. Hilppö, J., Lipponen, L, Kumpulainen, K., and Rainio A. (2016). Children’s sense of agency in preschool: a sociocultural investigation, International Journal of Early Years Education, 25(2): 157-171. Huf, C. (2013). Children’s agency during transition to formal schooling, Ethnography and Education, 8(1): 61-76. Kirsch, C. (2017). Translanguaging practices during storytelling with the app iTEO in preschools, Translation and Translanguaging in Multilingual Contexts, 3(2): 145-166. Kirsch, C., & Aleksić, G. (2018). The Effect of Professional Development on Multilingual Education in Early Childhood in Luxembourg, Review of European Studies, 10(4): 148-163. Mourão, S. (2018). Play and Peer Interaction in a Low-Exposure Foreign Language Learning Programme. In M. Schwartz (ed.). Preschool Bilingual Education: Agency in Interactions between Children, Teachers, and Parents (pp. 313-342). Dordrecht: Springer. Prout, A., and James, A. (1990). A new paradigm for the sociology of childhood? Provenance, promise and problems. In A. James and A. Prout (eds.). Constructing and Reconstructing Childhood. Contemporary Issues in Sociological Study of Childhood (pp. 7-34). London: Routledge Falmer. Schwartz, M. (2018). Preschool Bilingual Education: Agency in Interactions between Children, Teachers, and Parents. In: M. Schwartz (ed.), Preschool Bilingual Education: Agency in Interactions between Children, Teachers, and Parents (pp. 1-26). Dordrecht: Springer. Seedhouse, P. (2005). Conversation Analysis and language learning, Language Teaching 38(4):165-187. [less ▲]

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See detailTranslanguaging at Primary School: A longitudinal study on the language practices of a newly-arrived 4th-grader
Degano, Sarah UL

Presentation (2019, September 03)

Migration flows of the 21st century have led to increasingly multilingual societies and schools. To engage with this ever-evolving multilingualism, students need to develop linguistic repertoires they can ... [more ▼]

Migration flows of the 21st century have led to increasingly multilingual societies and schools. To engage with this ever-evolving multilingualism, students need to develop linguistic repertoires they can use flexibly and strategically. However, not all the resources of their linguistic repertoires are equally valued as language policies tend to exclusively support standard majority language(s). This unequal support translates into low achievement levels among linguistic minority students (Lewis, Jones and Baker 2012) and the reification of social stratification. A growing body of scholars promote flexible multilingual pedagogies that capitalize on students’ linguistic resources with the aim of providing a more equitable access to the curriculum (García and Flores 2012, Weber 2014). Translanguaging, the deployment of a speaker’s full linguistic repertoire (Otheguy et al. 2015), is a pillar of these pedagogies. Although debated in recent years (Hamman 2017, Jaspers 2018), research in bi- and trilingual schools has shown that translanguaging can increase participation (Kirsch 2017), understanding (Baker and Wright 2017) and identity development (García 2009). Yet, research on translanguaging including migrant languages in multilingual schools remains scarce (Duarte 2018, Rosiers 2018). The present doctoral project investigates the translanguaging practices of students with different language and migration backgrounds in multilingual Luxembourg. As the country with the highest percentage of immigrants in Europe (Eurostat 2018), Luxembourg has a highly diverse linguistic landscape. This diversity is reflected in the education system, where more than 60% of the students indicate having a dominant language other than Luxembourgish (MENJE 2018), with Portuguese being the most used. Not only is the education system characterized by its linguistic diversity, it also is trilingual in French, Luxembourgish and German, the latter being the main medium of instruction in primary school. Accounting for 40.5% of all curricular time, language instruction leaves little room for other linguistic resources; migrant students’ home languages are largely ignored (Horner and Weber 2018) and teachers widely draw on translanguaging practices that are restricted to shifts into Luxembourgish, a Germanic language (Weber 2014). Luxembourg’s education system fails to provide access to the curriculum for migrant students with a Romance-language background. By contrast, recent studies (Kirsch 2017) have shown that in some Luxembourgish preschool, Year 1 and Year 2 classes, teachers have begun to encourage the deployment of the students’ entire linguistic repertoires. Little attention has, however, been paid to the later years of primary school where the achievement levels of students with a migration background are at their lowest (MENJE 2017). This study targets Year 4. It explores the flexible language use of 4thgraders in different school subjects and the development of their language practices across Years 4 and 5. The present paper is based on one of the three investigated schools and focusses on the classroom interactions of an 11-year-old newly arrived student with a Portuguese background. The following research questions underpin the paper: - In what ways and to what extent does a newcomer deploy his semiotic repertoire while interacting with his peers and this teacher? - In what ways and to what extent do his language practices differ across Year 4 and Year 5? The findings contribute to the understanding of multilingual students’ language practices and their development; provide insight into how linguistic repertoires of students with a Romance-language background can be capitalized on; and help denaturalize the ‘student with a migration background - stereotype’ by shedding light on the importance of translanguaging practices in short-cutting gatekeeping mechanisms that restrict access to educational opportunities for more than 20% of the school population (Horner and Weber 2018). [less ▲]

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See detailSignificant Economic Presence and Challenges for the PE Concept
Sinnig, Julia UL

Presentation (2019, September 03)

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See detailWas sind kulturwissenschaftliche Border Studies?
Wille, Christian UL

Presentation (2019, September)

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (3 UL)
See detailMaking sense of digital oral history
Bronec, Jakub UL

Presentation (2019, September)

Over the past three decades, oral history (OH) has been deeply transformed by the advent of digital technologies. The digital turn leads to growing number of online OH databases, resulting from “process ... [more ▼]

Over the past three decades, oral history (OH) has been deeply transformed by the advent of digital technologies. The digital turn leads to growing number of online OH databases, resulting from “process-oriented” projects (i.e., life story interviews conducted without specific research questions). Large amounts of such data have been deposited in archives, available not only for secondary analysis by researchers who did not participate in the initial data collection, but also for other social actors like teachers, educators, and documentarists. However, in order to use OH materials efficiently and meaningfully, it is important to understand how people make sense of such video recordings in social interaction. Fundamental questions thus emerge in regard to secondary analysis and practical utilization of archived audiovisual OH material, such as: What are the features of OH interview as a social object? What makes it meaningful and interpretable? How much do we need to know about the socially situated character of the interview in order to understand it properly? Is there “too little” or “too much” context in relation to OH? How do people make sense of OH interviews in social practice, and relate it to their broader historical knowledge? [less ▲]

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See detailGrenzraum versus Raum der Grenze. Eine theoretisch-konzeptionelle Perspektivweitung
Wille, Christian UL

Presentation (2019, September)

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See detailChallenges and problems in the creation of a historical town atlas on the Internet. "Luxatlas" as case study.
Uhrmacher, Martin UL

Presentation (2019, August 28)

First, an overview of the concept and the current status of the "Luxatlas"-research-project. Followed by a brief presentation of the challenges and problems the research team is facing during the ... [more ▼]

First, an overview of the concept and the current status of the "Luxatlas"-research-project. Followed by a brief presentation of the challenges and problems the research team is facing during the development of an historical town atlas in form of a digital and interactive website. Finally, a presentation of the recently published and freely accessible beta version of the atlas. [less ▲]

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See detailOn Recent Activities at GNSS@TG Stations in the South Atlantic Ocean and the Tracking of Hurricanes Using GNSS
Teferle, Felix Norman UL

Presentation (2019, August 07)

Guest lecture to third year students in Geomatics and Geoinformation at the University of Cape Town. The topics covered the geodetic activities in the South Atlantic Ocean and the tracking of hurricanes ... [more ▼]

Guest lecture to third year students in Geomatics and Geoinformation at the University of Cape Town. The topics covered the geodetic activities in the South Atlantic Ocean and the tracking of hurricanes both involving GNSS. The contents were recently presented orally at IUGG 2019 and ISAES 2019. [less ▲]

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See detailInclusion in Higher Education. Political declarations meet empirical data
Limbach-Reich, Arthur UL

Presentation (2019, July 18)

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See detailUsing Hypothetical Vacancies in Factorial Surveys to Study Employers' Hiring Decisions – A Valid Approach?
Gutfleisch, Tamara Rebecca UL; Samuel, Robin UL

Presentation (2019, July 18)

Factorial survey experiments are increasingly employed by scholars interested in understanding the general mechanisms underlying employers' hiring decisions in relation to specific applicant ... [more ▼]

Factorial survey experiments are increasingly employed by scholars interested in understanding the general mechanisms underlying employers' hiring decisions in relation to specific applicant characteristics. Usually, a sample of human resource professionals is asked to rate the hiring chances of hypothetical applicants for a hypothetical job. However, using hypothetical job descriptions for the evaluation of applicants in factorial surveys may reduce the internal and external validity of the results. For example, employers might apply different evaluation standards when assessing the quality of applicant profiles for a hypothetical job (put less/more weight on certain characteristics) because it is difficult to put themselves in the actual hiring situation – affecting the internal validity. In this paper, we contextualize prior factorial survey experiments by examining whether there is a difference in employers' hiring intentions when confronted with real versus hypothetical hiring problems. Despite the growing number of factorial surveys and the potential implications for the validity of these data, this question has been widely neglected so far. We employ a factorial survey experiment among recruiters in different occupational sectors in Luxembourg. Recruiters evaluate the hiring chances of several profiles of hypothetical applicants with varying characteristics either referring to a real vacancy in their company or to a hypothetical (but similar) job type. Preliminary findings suggest no differences in employers hiring decisions based on the type of evaluation used in the factorial survey. The results partly contradict previous findings from pretest data which showed significant differences between the average hiring chances in the two groups. By examining the internal validity of presenting hypothetical vacancies, this study contributes to methodological research on factorial surveys as well as to the literature studying employers' hiring decisions. [less ▲]

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See detailAre Cox Regression Models a Valuable Tool for Social Stratification Research on Health? A Simulation Study.
Procopio, Alessandro UL; Samuel, Robin UL

Presentation (2019, July 17)

In our contribution, we assess the possibilities and limits of Cox regression models in social stratification research in the area of health. We are motivated by the need for a structured analytical ... [more ▼]

In our contribution, we assess the possibilities and limits of Cox regression models in social stratification research in the area of health. We are motivated by the need for a structured analytical strategy through which researchers can deal with health inequality. Previous findings suggest considering health as a relevant resource but also one, which is unequally distributed among the members of a population. Along these lines, we focus on the inequality of risks distribution and the social stratification of (non) access to health as a resource. Using the substantive example of health inequality, we perform five Monte Carlo simulations in constructed longitudinal data. Each setting simulates a different source of bias. Specifically: a) Measurement error (misspecification of time measurement); b) Linear dependency between class of origin, destination and mobility effects; c) Omitted variables bias; d) Disentangle of timing/probability effects, namely speed/overall occurrence likelihood of an event; and e) Unobserved heterogeneity among groups. The health-related risks approach in analysing health inequalities has a twofold advantage: a) it splits the health outcome in a true differential and in a stochastic component due to chance and b) it considers only the first – and in most cases more interesting part – as a source of inequality. Moreover, Cox regression models allow for a flexible parameterization conditional to the specific research settings. For instance, addition of frailty parameters to the regression equation can help social scientists to reduce unobserved heterogeneity. This problem is especially encountered in social stratification research when comparing logit transition probabilities. In summary, this study contributes to the current literature by demonstrating the flexibility of Cox regression models in social stratification research in the area of health. It further provides valuable analytic avenues for theory-driven empirical research in social scientific health research as it uncovers how various sources of bias affect estimates. [less ▲]

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See detailWilayat Al-Qadi and its Malpractice in Iran, Egypt and Jordan
Al Hajjaji, Shams Al Din UL

Presentation (2019, July 16)

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See detailLe millefeuille temporel des archives du Web
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2019, July 11)

À partir d’exemples choisis au sein des archives du Web et des réseaux socio-numériques, cette intervention se propose de montrer les différentes strates temporelles à l’œuvre au sein de ce patrimoine dit ... [more ▼]

À partir d’exemples choisis au sein des archives du Web et des réseaux socio-numériques, cette intervention se propose de montrer les différentes strates temporelles à l’œuvre au sein de ce patrimoine dit « nativement numérique », et ce de la sélection et collecte à l’analyse, en passant par l’accès via les interfaces et les médiations qu’elles introduisent, l’enrichissement via des métadonnées ou l’intégration d’outils de fouille. [less ▲]

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See detailDigital History and the Politics of Digitization
Zaagsma, Gerben UL

Presentation (2019, July 10)

This paper will present the first findings of an ongoing research project. It is about the digital resources we work with as historians; in the first place with regard to what is being digitized, the ... [more ▼]

This paper will present the first findings of an ongoing research project. It is about the digital resources we work with as historians; in the first place with regard to what is being digitized, the sources and data, and to a lesser degree the metadata, notwithstanding the latter’s profound political aspects and effects, e.g. with regard to access. To avoid misunderstandings: it is not about the politics of digital humanities more broadly conceived; e.g. about addressing claims that it is incumbent upon DH to fulfil a political mission or become a more self-critical discipline by consciously investigating its own gender, diversity and other biases. [less ▲]

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See detailWhy we do not care for statelessness as we care for asylum?
Sommarribas, Adolfo UL

Presentation (2019, July 07)

This presentation address the issue why statelessness is so marginalised in the migration discourse in the European Union even though is a growing phenomenon.

Detailed reference viewed: 68 (7 UL)
See detailInnovation et coopération dans les réseaux de données (années 1970-1990)
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2019, July 04)

A travers un parcours historique au coeur de 20 ans d'innovation dans les réseaux de données, depuis le développement d'Arpanet jusqu'à l'échec de l'OSI, en passant par Internet, XNS, Transpac ou encore ... [more ▼]

A travers un parcours historique au coeur de 20 ans d'innovation dans les réseaux de données, depuis le développement d'Arpanet jusqu'à l'échec de l'OSI, en passant par Internet, XNS, Transpac ou encore EIN, il s'agira d'interroger la place de la coopération technique mais aussi organisationnelle au sein des réseaux de données. Trop ou pas assez de coopération tue-t-il l'innovation? [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 73 (3 UL)
See detailMapping Digital Urban History - Use Case Luxembourg
Kass, Steve UL; Pauli, Sebastian; Uhrmacher, Martin UL

Presentation (2019, July 04)

Since 2016, a research project of the University of Luxembourg (IHIST: Institute for History) in close collaboration with the city of Luxemburg is investigating research in the development of an ... [more ▼]

Since 2016, a research project of the University of Luxembourg (IHIST: Institute for History) in close collaboration with the city of Luxemburg is investigating research in the development of an interactive, dynamic web site, providing insights in the urban development since the beginning of the 19th century at single building level scale. The elaborated historic town Atlas represents a collection of maps and structures (e.g. building, fortress, streets) combined with explanatory texts, chronological tables and images, which all trace the history of the city and illustrate its stages of development. It represents a tool for additional new knowledge with which the historical process of change will be documented diachronically. The target groups are international urban history research and general public. [less ▲]

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See detaille travail social, néolibéralisme et comment s’en sortir
Limbach-Reich, Arthur UL

Presentation (2019, July 03)

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See detailTalent mangement flexibility in a cyclical industry
Usanova, Ksenia; Geraudel, Mickaël UL; D'Armagnac, Sophie et al

Presentation (2019, July 02)

Detailed reference viewed: 85 (2 UL)
See detailLes fonctions des parlements en démocratie aujourd’hui : quid de la représentation des minorités ?
Poirier, Philippe UL

Presentation (2019, July 02)

Les mécanismes des représentations parlementaires des minorités prévus dans les Etats membres de l’UE garantissent-ils les droits des citoyens qui les constituent et préservent-ils leurs chances d’exercer ... [more ▼]

Les mécanismes des représentations parlementaires des minorités prévus dans les Etats membres de l’UE garantissent-ils les droits des citoyens qui les constituent et préservent-ils leurs chances d’exercer les fonctions politiques primordiales ? [less ▲]

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See detailRound table Coding Europe: decoding its history
Zaagsma, Gerben UL

Presentation (2019, June 27)

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (2 UL)