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See detailLuxembourg. ECEC Workforce profile
de Moll, Frederick UL; Kemp, Valérie UL; Simoes Lourêiro, Kevin UL et al

Report (in press)

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See detailSATCOM on the Ice: Arctic Circle Operations Put to the Test with Climate Change
Zarkan, Laetitia UL; Raju, Nivedita

Report (2022)

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See detailThe Implementation and Future of the revised Audiovisual Media Services Directive: Policy Recommendations - Concomitant expertise for Implementation report
Cole, Mark David UL; Etteldorf, Christina

Report (2022)

KEY FINDINGS The AVMSD should be reinforced as centrepiece of audiovisual content regulation on EU level. Deficiencies within the AVMSD and overlapping with other legal acts need to be addressed such as ... [more ▼]

KEY FINDINGS The AVMSD should be reinforced as centrepiece of audiovisual content regulation on EU level. Deficiencies within the AVMSD and overlapping with other legal acts need to be addressed such as balancing the country-of-origin principle with necessary exceptions. The current state of implementation with late transpositions hinders final conclusions regarding the innovative new rules. Nevertheless, focus of the monitoring of the new AVMSD application should be on the assessment of measures taken by video-sharing platform providers. European works promotion obligations need careful analysis before being able to discuss possible future adjustments, based on the actual impact the provisions have on the audiovisual market. Institutional structures with national authorities operating independently of market and political powers and cooperating efficiently on European level in an equally independent manner need to be safeguarded for an effective, fundamental rights observant oversight. Reactions to providers under control of third countries, as with the measures under AVMSD and the economic sanctions package against Russian operators, show the importance of being able to rely on media law based and robust response schemes in the future. In order to improve coherence and consistency of the regulatory framework, discussion on proposed legal acts, namely the European Media Freedom Act should be seen in the context of implementation analysis of the current AVMSD to be done by the European Parliament. [less ▲]

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See detailImplementation of the revised Audiovisual Media Services Directive - Background Analysis of the main aspects of the 2018 AVMSD revision
Cole, Mark David UL; Etteldorf, Christina

Report (2022)

This Background Analysis covers the main novelties and changes that came with the revision of the AVMSD by Directive (EU) 2018/1808. It presents implementation issues concerning the application of the ... [more ▼]

This Background Analysis covers the main novelties and changes that came with the revision of the AVMSD by Directive (EU) 2018/1808. It presents implementation issues concerning the application of the country-of-origin principle, new rules on VSPs as well as for the promotion of European works and discusses questions of coherency and consistency of the regulatory framework before closing with an overview of further relevant aspects. [less ▲]

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See detailLa consommation de Cannabis chez les jeunes d’âge scolaire (12-18 ans) au Luxembourg - Résultats de l'enquête HBSC de 2018
Catunda, Carolina UL; Heinz, Andreas UL; Geraets, Anouk UL

Report (2022)

Le cannabis est considéré comme la substance illicite la plus fréquemment consommée dans le monde. Sa consommation est jugée particulièrement dangereuse si elle est fréquente, fortement dosée et commence ... [more ▼]

Le cannabis est considéré comme la substance illicite la plus fréquemment consommée dans le monde. Sa consommation est jugée particulièrement dangereuse si elle est fréquente, fortement dosée et commence à l'adolescence. En raison de ses effets nocifs sur la santé et la société, ce rapport a pour objectif d’examiner le nombre de jeunes qui consomment du cannabis au Luxembourg, ainsi que les facteurs sociodémographiques, de risque et de protection associés à cette consommation, afin d'illustrer les possibilités d'interventions promotion de la santé et de prévention de comportement addictifs. Les données présentées proviennent de l'enquête Health Behaviour in School-aged Children - HBSC de 2018. L’analyse porte sur les données de 6 880 jeunes de l‘enseignement secondaire âgés de 12 à 18 ans. Pour répondre à l’objectif, les jeunes ont été répartis en 3 groupes : 1) les jeunes qui n'ont jamais consommé du cannabis ; 2) les jeunes qui ont consommé du cannabis dans leur vie, mais pas au cours des 30 derniers jours (consommation passée) et ; 3) les jeunes qui ont consommé du cannabis au cours des 30 derniers jours (consommation actuelle). Les analyses descriptives montrent que parmi les participants, 82 % n'ont jamais consommé du cannabis, 9 % en ont consommé dans le passé et 9 % en consomment actuellement. À l’aide des analyses de régression logistique multinomiales, le lien entre la consommation de cannabis et une série de variables sociodémographiques, des comportements à risque, le soutien social, le milieu scolaire et la santé et le bien-être a été analysé, afin d'explorer les facteurs sociodémographiques, de risque et de protections associés à la consommation de cannabis. Les seuls facteurs qui restent significatifs pour la consommation de cannabis sont l'âge, le genre, la situation familiale, la consommation de tabac, la consommation d'alcool, la participation à des bagarres, la perception du soutien de la part des parents et des enseignants par les élèves. Toutefois, l'âge et la consommation actuelle de tabac sont les facteurs les plus importants. Ainsi, en ce qui concerne les facteurs sociodémographiques, les garçons, les adolescents les plus âgés et ceux qui ne vivent pas avec leurs deux parents sont plus enclins à faire partie des groupes qui ont consommé du cannabis. L’augmentation des comportements à risque (fréquence plus élevée de consommation de tabac, d'alcool et de participation à des bagarres) se traduit par une plus grande probabilité de consommation de cannabis. De plus, les jeunes qui ont un comportement à risque ont tendance à opter pour d'autres comportements à risque. En revanche, le soutien perçu de la famille et le soutien perçu des enseignants sont des facteurs protégeant de la consommation de cannabis. Ainsi, les élèves qui se sentent soutenus par leurs parents et leurs enseignants sont moins enclins à consommer du cannabis. Il est donc pertinent d'adapter les méthodes de prévention de la consommation de cannabis en fonction de l'âge et du genre, et d’axer les approches de prévention sur ceux qui considèrent sa consommation comme l’un des éléments d'un comportement à risque global plutôt que celles ciblant uniquement cette substance. En effet, les modèles de prévention qui visent à promouvoir un comportement global plus soucieux de la santé semblent être plus efficaces. [less ▲]

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See detailProblematische Nutzung sozialer Medien von Kindern und Jugendlichen im Schulalter in Luxembourg – Ergebnisse der HBSC Umfrage 2018
Geraets, Anouk UL; van Duin, Claire UL; Catunda, Carolina UL et al

Report (2022)

Insbesondere unter Jugendlichen hat die Nutzung sozialer Medien in den letzten Jahren zugenommen. Wenn die Nutzung Merkmale einer Sucht aufweist (z.B. Gewöhnung und sozialer Rückzug), dann wird von einer ... [more ▼]

Insbesondere unter Jugendlichen hat die Nutzung sozialer Medien in den letzten Jahren zugenommen. Wenn die Nutzung Merkmale einer Sucht aufweist (z.B. Gewöhnung und sozialer Rückzug), dann wird von einer problematischen Nutzung sozialer Medien gesprochen – im Folgenden PSMU genannt. Dieser Kurzbericht gibt einen Überblick darüber, wie häufig PSMU unter luxemburgischen Schülern vorkommt und welche Merkmale mit einem höheren Risiko für PSMU einhergehen. Dazu wurden Daten der luxemburgischen Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC)-Studie 2018 ausgewertet, an der 8 687 Jugendliche im Alter von 11 bis 18 Jahren teilnahmen. Laut dieser Umfrage liegt die Häufigkeit von PSMU in dieser Altersgruppe bei 5,9 %. Eine Reihe von Merkmalen aus den Bereichen Soziodemografie, soziale Unterstützung, Wohlbefinden und Mediennutzung wurden als potenzielle Risikofaktoren untersucht. PSMU tritt häufiger bei Mädchen und jüngeren Schülern sowie bei Schülern mit Migrationshintergrund auf. Bei Schülern, die bei beiden Elternteilen aufwachsen, ist PSMU seltener im Vergleich zu Schülern, die bei Alleinerziehenden oder in anderen Familienkonstellationen aufwachsen. Ein Vergleich der Risikofaktoren hat ergeben, dass das Alter, Cybermobbing, Stress, psychosomatische Beschwerden, eine Vorliebe für Online-Interaktion und die Intensität der Kommunikation über elektronische Medien die wichtigsten Risikofaktoren sind. Das Risiko für einen problematischen Umgang mit sozialen Medien ist somit höher bei jüngeren Schülern; Schülern, die andere online mobben; gestressten Schülern; Schülern mit häufigen psychosomatischen Beschwerden; Schülern, die Online-Kommunikation gegenüber einer Kommunikation in der realen Welt vorziehen sowie Schülern, die elektronische Medien generell häufig nutzen. Speziell zur Prävention von PSMU haben sich noch keine Maßnahmen etabliert, aber es gibt gut erforschte Maßnahmen zur Prävention von Internetsucht, die sich in abgewandelter Form möglicherweise auch bei PSMU eignen. [less ▲]

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See detailThe proposed Anti-Money Laundering Authority, FIU cooperation, powers and exchanges of information
Allegrezza, Silvia UL

Report (2022)

This study evaluates selected aspects of the Commission's AML/CFT reform package presented on 20 July 2021, focusing on two main topics. First, it analyses the AML Authority direct supervisory powers and ... [more ▼]

This study evaluates selected aspects of the Commission's AML/CFT reform package presented on 20 July 2021, focusing on two main topics. First, it analyses the AML Authority direct supervisory powers and their effectiveness. Second, it illustrates how the reform package intends to foster coordination and information sharing among the FIUs. Recommendations are provided in order to remedy the gaps and weaknesses identified. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON). [less ▲]

See detailThe Reactive Synthesis Competition (SYNTCOMP): 2018-2021
Jacobs, Swen; Perez, Guillermo; Abraham et al

Report (2022)

We report on the last four editions of the reactive synthesis competition (SYNTCOMP 2018-2021). We briefly describe the evaluation scheme and the experimental setup of SYNTCOMP. Then, we introduce new ... [more ▼]

We report on the last four editions of the reactive synthesis competition (SYNTCOMP 2018-2021). We briefly describe the evaluation scheme and the experimental setup of SYNTCOMP. Then, we introduce new benchmark classes that have been added to the SYNTCOMP library and give an overview of the participants of SYNTCOMP. Finally, we present and analyze the results of our experimental evaluations, including a ranking of tools with respect to quantity and quality of solutions. [less ▲]

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See detailLuxembourg: consultations with a view to developing a National Health Plan and strengthening the resilience of the healthcare system
Baumann, Michèle UL; Urbé, Robert

Report (2022)

With the aim of developing a National Health Plan, Luxembourg is currently undertaking collective consultations to define a vision of the healthcare system of tomorrow, taking into account existing ... [more ▼]

With the aim of developing a National Health Plan, Luxembourg is currently undertaking collective consultations to define a vision of the healthcare system of tomorrow, taking into account existing challenges whilst remaining attractive to patients and service providers. The first results of these consultations are now being implemented, but some developments will need more time. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (0 UL)
See detailA Workshop on War Letters (in the Digital Age)
Janz, Nina UL; van der Lange, Milan

Report (2022)

Impressions of building a community around people working on the digitization of historical ‘egodocuments’ using Transkribus.

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (0 UL)
See detailLa COVID-19 au Luxembourg: Le gradient social de l'épidémie
van Kerm, Philippe UL; Salagean, Iona Cristina; Amétépé, Fofo Senyo

Report (2022)

This report explores socio-economic and demographic disparities in COVID-19 health impacts in Luxembourg since March 2020. It describes variations in the risk of infections, hospitalizations and death ... [more ▼]

This report explores socio-economic and demographic disparities in COVID-19 health impacts in Luxembourg since March 2020. It describes variations in the risk of infections, hospitalizations and death across a number of socio-economic and demographic variables. It also examines variations in vaccination rates. It is part of the "Santé Pour Tous" project initiated by the Ministry of Health to under inequalities in health. [less ▲]

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See detailEurpean Mandate M515, CEN/TC250/SC4.T6 - Background Documents for prEN 1994-1-1
Schäfer, Markus UL; Hicks, Stephen; Kurz, Wolfgang et al

Report (2022)

Background Documents for prEN 1994-1-1

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (1 UL)
See detailThe European archival landscape – A Conference on access and prevention strategies in archives and the impact on historical research
Janz, Nina UL

Report (2022)

An international conference on “Strategies of Blockade. Access to Archive Records in France and Germany in an International Perspective” took place in January 2022 in Paris. Researchers from the C²DH ... [more ▼]

An international conference on “Strategies of Blockade. Access to Archive Records in France and Germany in an International Perspective” took place in January 2022 in Paris. Researchers from the C²DH presented the current archive situation in Luxembourg and its impact on research in contemporary history. [less ▲]

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See detailStresstest für die Jugendmobilität im Grenzraum. Grenzüberschreitende Berufsausbildung und Studium während der Pandemie – Erfahrungen und Perspektiven
Funk, Ines; Wille, Christian UL

Report (2022)

The cross-border study looks at young people who, in retrospect, were granted virtually no consideration in the pandemic. First of all, the authors analyse the impact of the pandemic on vocational ... [more ▼]

The cross-border study looks at young people who, in retrospect, were granted virtually no consideration in the pandemic. First of all, the authors analyse the impact of the pandemic on vocational training across the German-French border. They base their findings on a number of interviews, which provide insights into the dynamics of cross-border cooperation in the vocational field at a time which was characterised not only by Covid-19, but also by institutional restructuring. The authors then go on to present the results of their own survey of students on bachelor's and master's courses in the border areas of the Greater Region. The survey was coordinated by Saarland University and provides information on the physical and virtual mobility of students, on their social contacts and their counselling and support needs during 2020 and 2021. The results are illustrated with concrete examples from students on the tri-national UniGR master's course in Border Studies. [less ▲]

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See detailCatMesNEET – Ein Maßnahmenkatalog für junge Menschen mit NEET-Status in Luxemburg
Nell, Josepha; Scheier, Elisabeth; Zuniga, Michaela et al

Report (2022)

Zielgruppe des Projektes CatMesNEET (Catalogue de mesures pour NEETs) sind Jugendliche und junge Erwachsene mit NEET-Status in Luxemburg. Die Abkürzung NEET steht hier für „Not in Education, Employment or ... [more ▼]

Zielgruppe des Projektes CatMesNEET (Catalogue de mesures pour NEETs) sind Jugendliche und junge Erwachsene mit NEET-Status in Luxemburg. Die Abkürzung NEET steht hier für „Not in Education, Employment or Training“ und meint Jugendliche, die keine Schule besuchen, keiner Arbeit nachgehen und sich nicht in beruflicher Ausbildung befinden.Es besteht kein nationaler Überblick über Zertifikate, die für die Teilnahme an einer Maßnahme vergeben werden. Diese Lücke soll ebenfalls in der Studie geschlossen werden. Zum einen wird erhoben, welche Massnahmen ein Zertifikat vergeben und zum anderen, worauf diese Zertifikate abzielen. In der ersten Feldphase wurde von Jugend- und Sozialarbeitern kommuniziert, dass Zertifikate durchaus einen wichtigen Stellenwert bei der Suche nach einem Ausbildungs- und Arbeitsplatz haben können. Ziel der Studie ist es daher, ein klares und differenziertes Bild der bestehenden Maßnahmen zur Unterstützung der in Luxemburg lebenden jungen Menschen mit einem problematischen NEET-Status im Alter zwischen 15 und 29 Jahren zu geben. Da der Fokus der Forschung auf Maßnahmen für junge Menschen mit NEET-Status liegt, wird auf individueller Ebene angesetzt, nämlich an der jeweiligen Situation der Betroffenen. Dies bedeutet, dass der Frage nachgegangen wird, welche Maßnahmen Jugendlichen helfen können, um ihrem NEET-Status zu überwinden. Es ist allerdings wichtig, darauf hinzuweisen, dass es auch auf einer strukturellen arbeitsmarktpolitischen Ebene Maßnahmen bedarf, die die NEET-Rate erheblich senken könnten. Daher gilt es festzuhalten, dass es sich bei der NEET-Thematik nicht nur um eine Problematik handelt, die auf individueller Ebene gelöst werden kann, sondern dass diese auch Maßnahmen auf struktureller arbeitsmarkt-, sozial-, und bildungspolitischer Ebene verlangt. [less ▲]

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See detailEducation for environmental sustainability : policies and approaches in European Union Member States. Policy and Research Mapping Report for Luxembourg.
Lenz, Thomas UL; Backes, Susanne UL

Report (2022)

The European Green Deal and UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) highlight that education, including re-/up-skilling, is crucial in order to transition to environmental sustainability. Education has an ... [more ▼]

The European Green Deal and UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) highlight that education, including re-/up-skilling, is crucial in order to transition to environmental sustainability. Education has an essential role to play by supporting citizens in developing the competences needed to live responsibly, change consumption models, design solutions, transform society and shape a green economy. In the context of the EU’s efforts to promote a sustainable and green Europe, the purpose of this study is to map EU Member States’ national and institutional practices, processes, tools and strategies in education for environmental sustainability (EES) at various levels and in different forms of education. The study will help inform the actions of the European Commission with regard to education for environmental sustainability and policy for the implementation of the European Education Area and the European ‘Green Deal’. [less ▲]

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See detailThe evolving key risks in the banking sector, and related priorities for the SRB
Bodellini, Marco UL; De Groen, Willem Pieter; Russo, Costanza et al

Report (2022)

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See detailEnjeux de la mobilité des jeunes dans l’espace frontalier. Apprentissages et cursus universitaires transfrontaliers pendant la pandémie : expériences et perspectives
Ines, Funk; Wille, Christian UL

Report (2022)

The cross-border study looks at young people who, in retrospect, were granted virtually no consideration in the pandemic. First of all, the authors analyse the impact of the pandemic on vocational ... [more ▼]

The cross-border study looks at young people who, in retrospect, were granted virtually no consideration in the pandemic. First of all, the authors analyse the impact of the pandemic on vocational training across the German-French border. They base their findings on a number of interviews, which provide insights into the dynamics of cross-border cooperation in the vocational field at a time which was characterised not only by Covid-19, but also by institutional restructuring. The authors then go on to present the results of their own survey of students on bachelor's and master's courses in the border areas of the Greater Region. The survey was coordinated by Saarland University and provides information on the physical and virtual mobility of students, on their social contacts and their counselling and support needs during 2020 and 2021. The results are illustrated with concrete examples from students on the tri-national UniGR master's course in Border Studies. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 60 (1 UL)
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See detailDraft for second generation of prEN 1994-1-1, November 2021
Schäfer, Markus UL; Hicks, Stephen; Kurz, Wolfgang et al

Report (2021)

Development of second generation for Eurocode 4, part 1: prEN 1994-1-1: November 2021- Draft + Respons on comments

Detailed reference viewed: 55 (1 UL)
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See detailWhich demographic and socio-economic factors are associated with vaccination willingness and beliefs towards vaccination? Rapid report with first results
Leist, Anja UL; Klee, Matthias UL; Paccoud, Ivana UL et al

Report (2021)

In the framework of the CoVaLux project on vaccination and long COVID in Luxembourg, the project “Socio-economic determinants of long COVID and vaccination, and economic consequences with focus on labour ... [more ▼]

In the framework of the CoVaLux project on vaccination and long COVID in Luxembourg, the project “Socio-economic determinants of long COVID and vaccination, and economic consequences with focus on labour market and health care” aims to triangulate evidence from different data sources such as social security and general population data, the national cohort CON-VINCE as well as national health surveys. We seek to arrive at robust assessments of how socio-economic determinants shape vaccination willingness, occurrence, severity and persistence of long COVID, and economic consequences of long COVID in Luxembourg. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 299 (56 UL)
See detailAssessment of the Prospects of Higher Excise Tax Rates on Tobacco Products in Moldova
Shvabii, Kostiantyn; Novytska, Nadiia UL; Khliebnikova, Inna et al

Report (2021)

To ensure stable tax revenues to the state budget, fiscal policy aimed at increasing excise tax rates on tobacco products should take into account economic realities in the country, in particular the ... [more ▼]

To ensure stable tax revenues to the state budget, fiscal policy aimed at increasing excise tax rates on tobacco products should take into account economic realities in the country, in particular the growth rate of real incomes of the population and the affordability of tobacco products, the tax burden on different categories of tobacco products, as well as effective mechanisms to control illicit trade in tobacco products. [less ▲]

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See detailEnergy Efficiency of Blockchain Technologies
Papageorgiou, Orestis UL; Sedlmeir, Johannes; Fridgen, Gilbert UL et al

Report (2021)

The purpose of this thematic report is to present an updated view of the aspects related to the energy efficiency of blockchain technologies. The topic of energy consumption of blockchains and especially ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this thematic report is to present an updated view of the aspects related to the energy efficiency of blockchain technologies. The topic of energy consumption of blockchains and especially of the Bitcoin blockchain has recently triggered a lot of discussions and a debate has started on the topic of making Bitcoin a sustainable ecosystem. [less ▲]

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See detailARL – Akademie für RaumePostwachstum und Raumentwicklung – Denkanstöße für Wissenschaft und Praxis.
Best, Benjamin; Brückner, Heike; Hülz, Martina et al

Report (2021)

This position paper, drawn up by members of the ARL’s Working Group on Post-Growth Economies (2016 – 2020), situates the international post-growth debate and discusses its relevance for spatial ... [more ▼]

This position paper, drawn up by members of the ARL’s Working Group on Post-Growth Economies (2016 – 2020), situates the international post-growth debate and discusses its relevance for spatial development and spatial science research. In addition to sectoral approaches and findings, the authors make concrete proposals for post-growth focuses in planning, research and teaching, distinguishing between changes that can be achieved in the short term and measures designed for the medium to long term. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 76 (2 UL)
See detailFinance Crowd Analysis Project (FINCAP)
Wolff, Christian UL; Zhang, Lu UL

Report (2021)

More than 100 research teams (RTs) from around the world tested the same set of hypotheses on the same data. They worked independently and wrote an academic paper based on their findings. These reports ... [more ▼]

More than 100 research teams (RTs) from around the world tested the same set of hypotheses on the same data. They worked independently and wrote an academic paper based on their findings. These reports were be evaluated by more than 30 distinguished academics whom we refer to as peer evaluators (PEs). Their feedback was be passed on to the RTs so that they can revise their papers. The project coordinators will study the #fincap results to learn about the scientific process. They have committed ex-ante to a meta-science analysis which was frozen before any instructions and data were given to the RTs and PEs. This frozen “pre-analysis plan” was uploaded to the Open Science Framework on Monday, 2021-01-11. The project will lead to a peer-reviewed academic publication at high level. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 124 (22 UL)
See detailLes représentations du genre dans les manuels scolaires: Une étude à l'école fondamentale luxembourgeoise
Kerger, Sylvie UL; Brasseur, Laurence

Report (2021)

Tous les jours, les enfants se servent des manuels scolaires. Mis à part leur rôle pédagogique, les manuels scolaires agissent comme instruments de socialisation et de transmission de valeurs. De ce fait ... [more ▼]

Tous les jours, les enfants se servent des manuels scolaires. Mis à part leur rôle pédagogique, les manuels scolaires agissent comme instruments de socialisation et de transmission de valeurs. De ce fait, les manuels scolaires ont le potentiel de contribuer à l’égalité entre les sexes dans nos sociétés. Nous présentons un état des lieux ainsi que des pistes possibles pour garantir l'égalité entre les sexes dans les manuels scolaires ainsi que dans les pratiques éducatives. [less ▲]

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See detailHeaded studs in profiled steel sheeting transverse to the beam. Investigations on design resistance of headed stud shear connectors on the basis of the Final Draft of SC4.PT3 (April 2018)
Odenbreit, Christoph UL; Vigneri, Valentino UL

Report (2021)

The unsafety of current design rules for novel types of open-trough deck geometries for the resistance of headed studs in profiled steel sheeting is well known [1] and it was the main reason behind the ... [more ▼]

The unsafety of current design rules for novel types of open-trough deck geometries for the resistance of headed studs in profiled steel sheeting is well known [1] and it was the main reason behind the nomination of CEN/TC250/SC4- Task SC4.T3: “Revised rules for shear connection in the presence of modern forms of profiled sheeting”. During the RFCS research project “DISCCO” (RFCS-CT-2012-00030) [1], a mechanical model was developed on the basis of a large literature study and previous studies [2, 3, 4, 5, 6] while the corresponding design equations were presented by CEN/TC250/SC4.PT3 and further enhanced during the Research Project “ShearCON” of University of Luxembourg. In order to let the current rules of EN 1994-1-1 6.6 (Eq.(2) and (3)) as unchanged as possible, the limits of its suitable field of applicability (Database B1) was investigated thoroughly by means of the statistical procedure of EN 1990 D.8 [7]. The newly proposed equations (Eq. (7) and (8)) apply only to the cases outside these limits (Database B2). In this way, the proposed solution is able to restore the level of safety to its initial value, so that the partial safety factor for the shear connection ϒV=1.25 is adequate. Conversely, the current situation (without including the new design equations) would need a much higher partial safety factor as shown below. [less ▲]

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See detailTechnical Report LA19.E Rev. B. Headed studs in profiled steel sheeting transverse to the beam. Investigations on design resistance of headed stud shear connectors on the basis of the Final Draft of SC4.PT3 (April 2018)
Odenbreit, Christoph UL; Vigneri, Valentino

Report (2021)

The unsafety of current design rules for novel types of open-trough deck geometries for the resistance of headed studs in profiled steel sheeting is well known [1] and it was the main reason behind the ... [more ▼]

The unsafety of current design rules for novel types of open-trough deck geometries for the resistance of headed studs in profiled steel sheeting is well known [1] and it was the main reason behind the nomination of CEN/TC250/SC4- Task SC4.T3: “Revised rules for shear connection in the presence of modern forms of profiled sheeting”. During the RFCS research project “DISCCO” (RFCS-CT-2012-00030) [1], a mechanical model was developed on the basis of a large literature study and previous studies [2, 3, 4, 5, 6] while the corresponding design equations were presented by CEN/TC250/SC4.PT3 and further enhanced during the Research Project “ShearCON” of University of Luxembourg. In order to let the current rules of EN 1994-1-1 6.6 (Eq.(2) and (3)) as unchanged as possible, the limits of its suitable field of applicability (Database B1) was investigated thoroughly by means of the statistical procedure of EN 1990 D.8 [7]. The newly proposed equations (Eq. (7) and (8)) apply only to the cases outside these limits (Database B2). In this way, the proposed solution is able to restore the level of safety to its initial value, so that the partial safety factor for the shear connection ϒV=1.25 is adequate. Conversely, the current situation (without including the new design equations) would need a much higher partial safety factor as shown below. [less ▲]

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See detailPRACE Best Practice Guide 2021: Modern Accelerators
Bispo, João; Barbosa, Jorge G.; Filipe Silva, Pedro et al

Report (2021)

Hardware accelerators are special types of elements designed for boosting the performance of certain application regions requiring large amounts of numerical computations. Several factors contributed to ... [more ▼]

Hardware accelerators are special types of elements designed for boosting the performance of certain application regions requiring large amounts of numerical computations. Several factors contributed to broadening the use and furthering the adoption of these technologies in High-Performance Computing (HPC). One of such is the offered greater computational throughput as compared to stand-alone Central Processing Units (CPUs), which is driven by the highly parallel architectural design of accelerators. This is particularly important in the current era of ever-increasing computational demands featuring high reuse rates of compute-intensive operational patterns. Another contributing factor is that these specialized chips are also capable of delivering much higher compute performance as compared to CPUs under the same power budget, making these technologies even more appealing for system vendors and users. All these led HPC manufacturers and integrators to unleash further the potential of hardware accelerators for delivering the required compute performance more efficiently. In fact, this is one of the main reasons that the current Top500 list [1] continues to be enriched with various accelerated systems. The next generation of HPC systems will also see a considerable amount of accelerator technology used. As a matter of fact, two out of the three European High-Performance Computing Joint Undertaking (EuroHPC JU) [2] pre-exascale HPC sites have already announced that their supercomputers will be equipped with large amount of Graphics Processing Units (GPUs). Thus, in order to achieve a competitive application performance and to be able to use the underlying hardware infrastructure efficiently, HPC application developers should be familiar with various challenges associated with using and orchestrating vast amounts of accelerator devices while being acquainted with the available ecosystem of the supporting tools. This Best Practice Guide (BPG) extends the previously developed series of BPGs [3] by providing an update on new accelerator technologies to further support the European HPC user community in achieving outstanding performance records of their large-scale parallel applications. This guide follows the style of the previously published guide on "Modern Processors" [4], by providing a hybrid approach of a field guide and a textbook. The aim of this BPG is not to replace any of the available in depth textbooks and/or documentations of certain tools, but rather to provide a set of best practices that build upon the available literature and the expertise of authors involved to further ease the process of application porting and performance optimisation. This guide showcases the usability and possibilities of further application tuning given a specific accelerator technology, and does not provide any direct comparisons of different accelerator technologies involved. The guide provides a generic overview on various accelerators and their accompanying programming models/environments and thus should be viewed as complementary to the existing in-depth BPGs provided by hardware vendors that are typically specific to their own product. [less ▲]

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See detailOverview of the impact of the proposed EU Digital Services Act Package on broadcasting in Europe A legal issue paper concerning the main elements of the Commission proposals for a Digital Services Act (DSA) and a Digital Markets Act (DMA) from a media law perspective
Cole, Mark David UL

Report (2021)

A legal issue paper concerning the main elements of the Commission proposals for a Digital Services Act (DSA) and a Digital Markets Act (DMA) from a media law perspective

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See detailGesundheit von Schülerinnen und Schülern in Luxemburg - Bericht zur luxemburgischen HBSC-Befragung 2018
Heinz, Andreas UL; Kern, Matthias Robert; van Duin, Claire UL et al

Report (2021)

Der Bericht gibt Auskunft über Gesundheit und Wohlbefinden der Schüler im Jahr 2018 in ihrem sozialen Kontext. Darüber hinaus informiert er, wie sich die entsprechenden Indikatoren von 2006—2018 in ... [more ▼]

Der Bericht gibt Auskunft über Gesundheit und Wohlbefinden der Schüler im Jahr 2018 in ihrem sozialen Kontext. Darüber hinaus informiert er, wie sich die entsprechenden Indikatoren von 2006—2018 in Luxemburg entwickelt haben. Verbesserungen gab es vor allem beim Gesundheitsverhalten — die Schüler rauchen und trinken weniger, sie putzen sich häufiger die Zähne und essen mehr Obst und Gemüse. Verschlechterungen betreffen die mentale Gesundheit: Die Schüler haben häufiger psychosomatische Beschwerden und sie fühlen sich häufiger von der Schularbeit gestresst. Des Weiteren sind die Schüler häufiger übergewichtig und sie sind seltener körperlich aktiv. Der Bericht zeigt auch, dass Gesundheitsrisiken mit soziodemografischen Merkmalen zusammenhängen, wie u. a. dem Geschlecht, dem Alter, dem Wohlstand und dem Migrationshintergrund. So verhalten sich Mädchen zwar häufig gesundheitsbewusster als Jungen, aber dennoch schätzen sie ihren Gesundheitszustand schlechter ein und sie haben mehr Stress und sie sind häufiger von multiplen psychosomatischen Beschwerden betroffen. Aus Clusteranalysen geht hervor, dass es typische Konstellationen von Gesundheitsverhaltensweisen gibt, die zudem mit soziodemografischen Merkmalen sowie Übergewicht, Stress und der Lebenszufriedenheit zusammenhängen. [less ▲]

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See detailNOWHERELAND REVISITED IN TIMES OF PANDEMIC 2020
Trummer, Ursula; Novak-Zezula, Sonja; Dauvrin, Marie et al

Report (2021)

Undocumented Migrants (UDM) belong to the most vulnerable groups in times of global emergency situations. COVID-19 does hit hardest the most vulnerable groups and it is important to create an evidence ... [more ▼]

Undocumented Migrants (UDM) belong to the most vulnerable groups in times of global emergency situations. COVID-19 does hit hardest the most vulnerable groups and it is important to create an evidence base to guide policy making. The Center for Health and Migration, Vienna, has initiated a stock-taking of national regulations concerning access to health and social care for UDM. The initiative aims to create a landscape of policy frameworks to inform policy making and practice development. National experts on health and migration are contacted and asked to provide information on the respective legal frameworks in the following categories: work, housing, compulsory education, social welfare, and health. A validated template is used for data collection. [less ▲]

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See detailEuropean Semester 2020-2021 country fiche on disability equality Luxembourg
Limbach-Reich, Arthur UL; Shahabi, Shafagh UL

Report (2021)

There is a great discrepancy between the omnipresent demands for inclusion published by official bodies and ministries and the actual participation of people with disabilities in social life. The policy ... [more ▼]

There is a great discrepancy between the omnipresent demands for inclusion published by official bodies and ministries and the actual participation of people with disabilities in social life. The policy cultivates the rhetoric of inclusion in programmatic and conceptual formulations, while at the same time maintaining or even expanding separative institutions for those that are considered not to be eligible for inclusion in the fields of education and employment (see competence centres in education and ‘inclusion’ in sheltered workshops, or the persistent exclusion of persons under guardianship from the right to vote). Inclusion is viewed primarily from an economic and neo-liberal perspective, without questioning the basic principles of a meritocratic society oriented towards proven performance. Performance appraisals, especially in the area of education and work, are largely based on the performance demanded and shown without sufficiently taking into account the way the performance is achieved. In the educational sector, the incompatibility of introducing educational standards and achieving full inclusion is not recognised. Separating establishments are renamed to inclusive settings without any fundamental reorientation. The former regional special schools for pupils with cognitive impairments were re-branded as competence centres for intellectual development. With the introduction of the competence centres, no longer official figures are published regarding pupils who are taught separately. There are also no official figures on how many pupils were assigned to the competence centres from regular schools and vice versa. It is therefore impossible to give comparative statistical evidence of the extent to which inclusive education has currently developed in Luxembourg. With regard to employment, the same problems remain as those already identified in the first Action Plan. People with disabilities experience considerable difficulty in finding a job in the mainstream labour market. Unemployment is disproportionately high among people with disabilities and lasts much longer than among job seekers without disabilities. People with disabilities are increasingly oriented towards working in a sheltered workshop under the national guidelines of the Employment Agency. The employment quotas for people with disabilities, which are legally mandated, are largely not met and are not monitored or imposed by the state. Also, some social problems already addressed in the first Action Plan have still not been tackled, such as the legal incapacity of people under guardianship. People with disabilities under guardianship are extensively excluded from self-determination and political participation. They may not vote nor may they run as candidates. As a result, almost 10 years after the introduction of the UN-CRPD no improvement has been made in this area. Furthermore, there are still problems in the implementation of the accessibility of buildings and infrastructure for public use. [less ▲]

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See detailPrimary and secondary impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on children in Ghana
Karpati, Julia; Elezaj, Erëblina; Cebotari, Victor UL et al

Report (2021)

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See detailFASKU. French version of the General Self-Efficacy Short Scale [Test description and questionnaire]
Decieux, Jean Philippe Pierre UL; Sischka, Philipp UL; Schumacher, Anette UL et al

Report (2021)

The FASKU is an economical instrument for recording individual competence expectations of dealing with difficulties and obstacles in daily life. It was originally developed and validated in German by ... [more ▼]

The FASKU is an economical instrument for recording individual competence expectations of dealing with difficulties and obstacles in daily life. It was originally developed and validated in German by Beierlein, Kemper, Kovaleva, and Rammstedt (2013). In 2019, the authors developed and tested a French version of this scale (FASKU) and tested it for reliability (internal consistency), validity, and measurement equivalence towards the original German Version (see Décieux et al., 2020a). The provided evidence on the quality of the German and the French Version of ASKU (FASKU) indicates that the scales allow a reliable, valid, and economical assessment of subjective competence expectations and that the two language versions can be used to assess and compare self-efficacy in German- and French-speaking populations. [less ▲]

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See detailRapport final Projet 2020: Le capital social dans l'intégration des jeunes migrants au Luxembourg
Vysotskaya, Volha UL; Oliveira, José UL; Nienaber, Birte UL

Report (2021)

The SOCAMI project focuses on the importance of social ties in the integration pathways of young migrants from third countries in Luxembourg. Youth is a period rich in learning where social identities and ... [more ▼]

The SOCAMI project focuses on the importance of social ties in the integration pathways of young migrants from third countries in Luxembourg. Youth is a period rich in learning where social identities and feelings of belonging to a social group are developed. In this sense, the analysis of the role of social ties in the integration of young migrants is essential. In particular, the ties that young migrants establish with residents of their host country may endure in the future and should therefore be considered relevant in the formation of their social relationships. However, young migrants often find themselves in vulnerable situations linked to job insecurity or, more broadly, marginalisation within the host society. Thus, it is mainly the relationships fostered by youth organisations, governmental or non-governmental, formal or informal, that play a central role in the preparation of young migrants for adult life. The overall aim of this study is to understand, investigate, explain and scientifically formulate the role of social capital in the integration of young migrants residing in Luxembourg. [less ▲]

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See detailOECD Report : The Missing Entrepreneurs 2021: Policies for Inclusive Entrepreneurship and Self Employment
Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL

Report (2021)

The Missing Entrepreneurs 2021 is the sixth edition in a series of biennial reports that examine how public policies at national, regional and local levels can support job creation, economic growth and ... [more ▼]

The Missing Entrepreneurs 2021 is the sixth edition in a series of biennial reports that examine how public policies at national, regional and local levels can support job creation, economic growth and social inclusion by overcoming obstacles to business start-ups and self-employment by people from disadvantaged or under-represented groups in entrepreneurship. It shows that there are substantial untapped opportunities for entrepreneurship in populations such as women, youth, the unemployed, and immigrants and highlights the need for more differentiated government entrepreneurship policies that respond to the specific barriers they face. The report includes an assessment of the impact of COVID-19 across these populations of entrepreneurs and the effectiveness of the policy response. It also contains thematic policy chapters on microfinance and leveraging the potential of immigrant entrepreneurs. These chapters present the range of current policy actions in EU and OECD countries and make recommendations for future policy directions. Finally, the report contains country profiles for each of the 27 EU Member States that identify for each county the major recent trends in entrepreneurship by women, youth, seniors and immigrants, the key policy issues and the recent policy actions. See section on Luxembourg country profile. [less ▲]

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See detailSocial protection and inclusion policy responses to the COVID-19 crisis. Luxembourg.
Baumann, Michèle UL; Baumann-Croisier, Pierre; Bouchet, Muriel et al

Report (2021)

Between Monday 3 February 2020 and Sunday 18 April 2021, the total number of confirmed COVID-19 cases per 100,000 people was 6,740 for the EU-27 as a whole; in Luxembourg, it was 10,545. The total number ... [more ▼]

Between Monday 3 February 2020 and Sunday 18 April 2021, the total number of confirmed COVID-19 cases per 100,000 people was 6,740 for the EU-27 as a whole; in Luxembourg, it was 10,545. The total number of deaths per 100,000 people was 126 for the EU-27, and also for Luxembourg. Section 1 presents more data on the impact of the pandemic on the demographic, economic and social situation. A total of 14 different social protection and inclusion measures deployed by the Luxembourg government to counter and mitigate the effects of the pandemic are described in Section 2 in terms of the targeted population, the timing and their novelty. These measures relate to: unemployment benefits; job protection; sickness benefits and sick pay; health insurance; minimum-income schemes and other forms of social assistance; housing support; leave for parents whose children are unable to attend school or a pre-school service by reason of COVID-19; and leave for family support. This section also analyses the social impact and the relevance of these measures, including, where appropriate, the concrete description of the benefits and (estimated) numbers of targeted populations and/or effective recipients. Some of these measures are only of a regulatory nature and do not require any expenditure of money by the government or others (e.g. the National Health fund, employers or landlords), others are associated with more or less extensive expenditure, depending on whether they are aimed at many potential recipients or only a few. In Section 3, a preliminary and tentative estimate of the induced costs of these measures is provided. According to this, the global cost would amount to roughly €996 million in 2020, which represents around 1.5% of 2019 GDP. Some of the measures have been new ones, whereas others have only been adjustments or extensions of existing measures; in either case, not all of them will continue to be in force once the pandemic is over (some have already stopped). Whether, or the degree to which, any of these temporary measures will become permanent is not predictable at this time. In general, the social protection system in Luxembourg has proved quite resilient to the COVID-19 crisis. However, a number of shortcomings have also been highlighted, several of which will most probably persist. This is the case for the growing number of people at risk of poverty, which has not been offset by the minimum income reform. The increase in the percentage of NEETs (young people not in employment, education or training), as well as in the number of unemployed people aged 16-29, is to be mentioned, together with the fact that there are still groups that are not covered by the national health insurance system. Specific groups such as non-EU migrants and homeless people have been particularly exposed to the crisis and they are also in general more heavily exposed to the risk of poverty. The shortcomings of the housing market, with ever growing prices and the spill-over effects on rent levels, have certainly been somewhat cushioned by the measures, but there have been no structural changes to a situation that keeps getting worse. In addition, the crisis has exacerbated the crucial importance of the medical workforce, which is in danger of shrinking in the next years because of upcoming retirements. Finally, the crisis has revealed the problem of self-employed people not being sufficiently covered by social security cushions. There is also a need to rethink social policy beyond the Luxembourg borders, and to improve the European co-ordination of national healthcare systems. [less ▲]

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See detailCemeteries and Crematoria. Creating inclusive public spaces in Luxembourg
Kmec, Sonja UL; Westendorp, Mariske

Report (2021)

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See detailAFI Innovative Regulatory Approaches Toolkit
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL; Arner, Douglas; Buckley, Ross et al

Report (2021)

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See detailCemitérios e Crematórios. Criar espaços públicos inclusivos em Luxemburgo
Kmec, Sonja UL; westendorp, Mariske

Report (2021)

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See detailCimetières et crématoriums. Créer des espaces publics inclusifs au Luxembourg
Kmec, Sonja UL; westendorp, Mariske

Report (2021)

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See detailVaccination policies in Europe: a comparative study between selected countries” under the request, and for the benefit of, the Ministry of Health of the Government of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
Donati, Alessandra UL

Report (2021)

This report sets forth the main findings of the research that we carried out at the Max Planck Institute Luxembourg under the request, and for the benefit of, the Ministry of Health of Luxembourg.

Detailed reference viewed: 66 (1 UL)
See detailImpediments to resolvability – what is the status quo?
Bodellini, Marco UL

Report (2021)

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See detailNOWHERELAND REVISITED IN TIMES OF PANDEMIC 2020: LUXEMBOURG POLICY BRIEF
Sommarribas, Adolfo UL; Vukovich, Lilla; Hallack, Florence UL et al

Report (2021)

Undocumented Migrants (UDM) belong to the most vulnerable groups in times of global emergency situations. COVID-19 does hit hardest the most vulnerable groups and it is important to create an evidence ... [more ▼]

Undocumented Migrants (UDM) belong to the most vulnerable groups in times of global emergency situations. COVID-19 does hit hardest the most vulnerable groups and it is important to create an evidence base to guide policy making. The Center for Health and Migration, Vienna, initiated a stock-taking of national regulations concerning access to health and social care for UDM. The initiative aims to create a landscape of policy frameworks to inform policy making and practice development. This Policy Brief provides information on the respective legal frameworks in the following categories: work, housing, compulsory education, social welfare, and health in Luxembourg. [less ▲]

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See detailFrench version of the General Self-Efficacy Short Scale (FASKU)
Decieux, Jean Philippe Pierre UL; Sischka, Philipp UL; Schumacher, Anette UL et al

Report (2021)

The ASKU is an economic instrument for recording individual competence expectations to be able to deal with difficulties and obstacles in daily life. It was originally developed and validated in German by ... [more ▼]

The ASKU is an economic instrument for recording individual competence expectations to be able to deal with difficulties and obstacles in daily life. It was originally developed and validated in German by Beierlein, Kemper, Kovaleva, & Rammstedt (2013). In 2019 we developed and tested a French Version of this scale and tested it for reliability (internal consistency), validity and measurement equivalence towards the original German Version (see Décieux et al., 2020). The provided evidence on the quality of the German and the French Version of ASKU (FASKU) indicates that the scales allow a reliable, valid and economic assessment of subjective competence expectations and that the two language versions can be used to a [less ▲]

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See detailFriedhöfe und Krematorien. Zur inklusionsorientierten Adaptierung öffentlichen Raums
Kmec, Sonja UL; Westendorp, Mariske

Report (2021)

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See detailMetaheuristics for the Online Printing Shop Scheduling Problem - Supplementary Material
Tessaro Lunardi, Willian UL; Birgin, Ernesto G.; Ronconi, Débora P. et al

Report (2020)

This document presents further numerical results of the experiments concerning the classical instances of the flexible job shop scheduling problem, performed in (Lunardi et al., Metaheuristics for the ... [more ▼]

This document presents further numerical results of the experiments concerning the classical instances of the flexible job shop scheduling problem, performed in (Lunardi et al., Metaheuristics for the Online Printing Shop Scheduling Problem, submitted). Additionally, this document gathers the best makespan values (upper bounds and lower bounds) found by state-of-the-art algorithms. [less ▲]

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See detailQuels seraient les impacts d’une pandémie numérique pour l’armée de Terre (fonctionnement et rôle au sein de la Nation) ?
Fouillet, Thibault UL

Report (2020)

La pandémie numérique est un sujet qui n’a pas fait l’objet d’une véritable documentation. L’occurrence d’un tel phénomène qui dépasserait une simple panne pour intéresser de vastes zones durant une ... [more ▼]

La pandémie numérique est un sujet qui n’a pas fait l’objet d’une véritable documentation. L’occurrence d’un tel phénomène qui dépasserait une simple panne pour intéresser de vastes zones durant une période importante, est souvent considérée comme faible, au point de la négliger voire de la classer arbitrairement dans la catégorie des fantasmes. Mais comme en toute chose, la capacité à anticiper une crise peut faciliter son traitement et accélérer le retour à la normale. En effet, un effondrement localisé et durable de l’internet peut se trouver lié à des causes naturelles spécifiques de grande ampleur, accidentelles du fait de la défaillance d’installations techniques, ou intentionnelles du fait d’actes malveillants terroristes ou de guerre. La robus-tesse du réseau de communication maillé que nous connaissons peut-être mise à défaut par des pannes généralisées d’électricité ou la destruction simultanée de composants électro-niques uniformément répartis dont la fragilité ou la vulnérabilité à des actions spécifiques n’avaient pas été détectées. Les impacts sur la vie de la nation seraient majeurs du fait de la généralisation des applications internet qui pilotent aujourd’hui la presque totalité des réseaux utilisés par les administra-tions, les particuliers ou les industriels. Ainsi, le dysfonctionnement de l’internet aurait un ef-fet domino sur les réseaux de transport d’énergie (électricité, gaz, oléoducs), de transport fer-roviaire et dans une moindre mesure aujourd’hui routière, télécommunications (particuliers, banques…). En conséquence le pays serait frappé d’une certaine paralysie entraînant des dé-sordres importants dictés par les tentatives de survie face aux différents blocages. La situation de 2035 serait encore plus difficile à gérer que celle d’aujourd’hui du fait de la multiplication des objets connectés. Dans ce cadre, les forces armées et l’armée de Terre en particulier peuvent être réquisitionnées pour intervenir et les missions qui en découlent doivent être imaginées dans le cadre d’une démarche générale d’anticipation qui ne vise pas nécessairement le retour à la normale, mais la stabilisation dans un état acceptable dans une logique de résilience. Deux types de missions peuvent être envisagés sous forme de réquisition conformément aux conventions existantes, en utilisant les structures de commandement des zones de défense. D’une part des missions de sécurité civiles permettant dans l’urgence de renforcer le service public en apportant le concours d’hommes et de matériels. D’autre part des missions proprement militaires pour protéger les points d’importance vitale dont les systèmes de sécurité seraient devenus inopérants. Enfin, des missions principalement techniques pour rétablir les moyens de communication en utilisant des réseaux militaires pour une grande part indépen-dants de l’internet. Des enseignements et recommandations viennent conclure la note, en insistant sur l’importance de l’acceptabilité du temps de retour à la normale et notamment du service dégradé qu’il s’agirait de mettre sur pied. Parmi ces enseignements, certains seront dédiés aux évolutions de la réserve pour que celle-ci soit au mieux adaptée à ces missions nouvelles. [less ▲]

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See detailLa remontée en puissance à la lumière des vulnérabilités et dépendances industrielles révélées par la crise sanitaire
Fouillet, Thibault UL

Report (2020)

remontée en puissance dépend évidemment du niveau de puissance ambitionné et des délais imposés pour y parvenir. Le niveau retenu extrapolé du contrat opérationnel, de la LPM et des différentes ... [more ▼]

remontée en puissance dépend évidemment du niveau de puissance ambitionné et des délais imposés pour y parvenir. Le niveau retenu extrapolé du contrat opérationnel, de la LPM et des différentes déclarations officielles est une force adaptée à la haute intensité au modèle complet. Cette force dont l’ossature est constituée par une division interarmes et interalliés OTAN, dispose de la capacité d’entrer en premier dans un cadre non permissif (outrepassant la capacité A2AD adverse). Disposant d’une capacité de commandement de niveau corps d’armée elle engerbe, outre 2 brigades terrestres nationales, des forces alliées et doit permettre à la France d’assurer les responsabilités de nation cadre. La réalisation par la BISD de cette capacité nationale compte tenu de l’état actuel des forces, des parcs, et des dépôts, dépend évidemment des délais accordés pour cette remontée en puissance. La remontée en puissance dans l’urgence sous la pression d’évènements extérieurs périlleux permettrait dans le court terme d’ici à 2025 de satisfaire les besoins exprimés par la LPM sans laisser de place à l’innovation, mais en optimisant les réparations de matériels existants ainsi que l’augmentation de leurs volumes tout en acceptant des lacunes qui ne pourraient être comblées que par le concours d’éléments spécialisés américains, en particulier dans les domaines C4ISR et de la défense contre les tirs indirects et les forces aériennes ennemies. La remontée en puissance progressive pour sa part, envisagée à horizon 2030, permet de mieux tirer parti des innovations apportées en particulier par le système scorpion et certains armements en cours de développement (munitions de précisions, capacités drones…). Toutefois même dans cette logique certaines capacités négligées demeureraient incomplètes du fait d’abandons capacitaires industriels (défense sol-air terrestre notamment), et pourraient souffrir à l’avenir d’une capacité industrielle fragilisée par la crise sanitaire. En vue de combler ces manques, deux voies de renforcement de la BISD ont été envisagées : une vision nationale et une vision européenne. Si dans la plupart des cas la voie nationale apparaît comme pertinente notamment afin de garantir une capacité de production même en cas de crise mondiale ; lorsqu’il s’agit de capacités globales à recréer (C-RAM) ou de hautes technologies, une mutualisation de la R&D et des coûts au niveau européen apparaît comme plus adéquate. Dans tous les cas, le développement de capacités dimensionnantes ne peut s’inscrire que dans le temps long, selon un horizon 2040 voire 2050, dépassant de loin l’ambition de remontée en puissance décrite dans cette note, et impliquant entre temps la poursuite d’une dépendance aux capacités américaines déployées en coalition dans le cadre d’opérations de haute intensité. Fort de ces éléments un ensemble de recommandations tant pour la BISD que pour l’armée de Terre a pu être formulé (dont le détail est disponible au § 3.2) qui peut se résumer selon deux priorités :  À court terme : déterminer une structure de pilotage permettant de certifier la prise en compte des besoins de l’armée de Terre dans la relance générale de l’économie des industries de défense.  À moyen terme : assurer la remontée en puissance de l’armée de Terre en accélérant la mise en oeuvre des programmes futurs des forces terrestres (en particulier le segment lourd) pour prévoir sur le long terme les besoins opérationnels et les intégrer dans la prochaine LPM. L’enjeu étant de pouvoir anticiper à plus long terme les coopérations européennes structurantes et les dépendances critiques aux forces américaines (ainsi que les voies éventuelles pour les atténuer). [less ▲]

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See detailWays to improve Ukraine’s carbon tax
Novytska, Nadiia UL; Khliebnikova

Report (2020)

This research paper is an overview of theoretical aspects of carbon taxing. This publication aims to review and summarize the practice of combining the environmental taxation system with the СО2 emission ... [more ▼]

This research paper is an overview of theoretical aspects of carbon taxing. This publication aims to review and summarize the practice of combining the environmental taxation system with the СО2 emission trading system commonly used in the European countries. In the course of the study practical recommendations have been developed focusing on the future of the environmental taxation of greenhouse gas emissions. The results of this study can be used by government authorities and a wide range of stakeholders involved in elaboration of solutions to create and implement the environmental taxation policy [less ▲]

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See detailThe Wealth of Families: The Intergenerational Transmission of Wealth in Britain in Comparative Perspective
Nolan, Brian; Palomino, Juan; van Kerm, Philippe UL et al

Report (2020)

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See detailCoronavirus pandemic in the EU – Fundamental Rights Implications in Luxembourg -July2020
Vukovich, Lilla UL; Vysotskaya, Volha UL; Nienaber, Birte UL

Report (2020)

The state of emergency which was declared for three months in Luxembourg came to its end on 24 June 2020. After three weeks of intense legislative work, on 22 June 2020 the parliament adopted two “COVID ... [more ▼]

The state of emergency which was declared for three months in Luxembourg came to its end on 24 June 2020. After three weeks of intense legislative work, on 22 June 2020 the parliament adopted two “COVID-19 laws” to provide a continuous legislative framework addressing the COVID-19 situation after the end of the state of emergency. The first piece of legislation contains measures with respect to individuals. They revolve around the limitation of mass gatherings, the application of protective measures such as wearing face masks or social distancing, and the identification, follow-up and removal of infected and potentially infected people. The second piece of legislation targets measures relating to economic, sporting or cultural activities and welcoming the public. It reinforces the current health restrictions and rules, for example in restaurants, bars, and cafes. [less ▲]

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See detailRapport RIAL 2019
Bernard Gottlieb; Meyers, Christian UL

Report (2020)

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See detailQUALINET White Paper on Definitions of Immersive Media Experience (IMEx)
Perkis, Andrew; Timmerer, Christian; Baraković, Sabina et al

Report (2020)

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See detailVarieties of Democracy (V-DEM) Report "Autocratization Surges - Resistance Grows" (2020)
Danescu, Elena UL

Report (2020)

Main findings 2020. Autocratization – the decline of democratic traits – accelerates in the world: for the first time since 2001, autocracies are in the majority: 92 countries – home to 54% of the global ... [more ▼]

Main findings 2020. Autocratization – the decline of democratic traits – accelerates in the world: for the first time since 2001, autocracies are in the majority: 92 countries – home to 54% of the global population. Almost 35% of the world’s population live in autocratizing nations – 2.6 billion people. EU has its first non-democracy as a member: Hungary is now classed as an electoral authoritarian regime. Major G20 nations and all regions of the world are part of the “third wave of autocratization”: autocratization is affecting Brazil, India, the United States of America, and Turkey, which are major economies with sizeable populations, exercising substantial global military, economic, and political influence. Latin America is back to a level last recorded in the early 1990s while Eastern Europe and Central Asia are at post-Soviet Union lows. India is on the verge of losing its status as a democracy due to the severely shrinking of space for the media, civil society, and the opposition under Prime Minister Modi’s government. Pro-democracy resistance grows from 27% in 2009 to 44% in 2019 amidst the autocratization surge. During 2019, citizens in 29 democracies mobilized against autocratization, such as in Bolivia, Poland, and Malawi. Citizens staged mass protests in 34 autocracies, among them Algeria, Hong Kong, and Sudan. [less ▲]

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See detailExiste-t-il une approche sociologique permettant de mieux recruter pour mieux fidéliser ?
Fouillet, Thibault UL

Report (2020)

En préambule de la réflexion, il importe de noter que ces préoccupations (recrutement/fidélisation) ne sont pas spécifiques à l’armée de Terre française. La plupart des armées occidentales – mais pas ... [more ▼]

En préambule de la réflexion, il importe de noter que ces préoccupations (recrutement/fidélisation) ne sont pas spécifiques à l’armée de Terre française. La plupart des armées occidentales – mais pas seulement – connaissent des difficultés de recrutement et de fidélisation, malgré les différences de méthodes de gestion des ressources humaines, et les différences d’emploi des forces armées. La situation est critique dans l’armée de Terre britannique. Devant les difficultés de recrutement, l’US Army réforme complètement sa gestion du personnel ainsi que ses méthodes de recrutement. L’armée de Terre, malgré ses inquiétudes légitimes, se trouve dans une situation raisonnablement favorable comparée à ses homologues. Son image en tant qu’employeur a cependant été brouillée depuis une dizaine d’années, entre les difficultés dues au logiciel Louvois, les annonces de réductions de personnels, les communications sur la vétusté des matériels et le manque de moyens… Il importe donc de restaurer, sur le moyen terme, l’image d’une institution solide, aux valeurs affirmées et qui prend soin de ses hommes, même après leur départ. Cela implique de personnaliser la communication, de favoriser l’identification de chacun à des soldats soit par la rencontre directe, soit en racontant leur histoire. Un discours « à hauteur d’homme », favorisant le contact direct, mobilisant l’imaginaire autour de l’esprit guerrier, incite ainsi les jeunes recrues à s’identifier à une institution prestigieuse, à l’histoire riche. Une réflexion sur l’élargissement du vivier de recrutement pourrait être engagée sur plusieurs points en cas de besoin : élargissement géographique à certains pays, élargissement du critère d’âge, ou encore modulation des critères sportifs et médicaux pour certaines spécialités sous tension seulement, lorsque cela est compatible avec les nécessités du service. La démarche de recrutement pourrait être affinée, soit en ciblant de façon très précise certains bassins ou certaines filières, soit en renforçant la possibilité pour les régiments de recruter eux-mêmes, avec une communication personnalisée. La fidélisation est en revanche insatisfaisante. Plusieurs explications sont en concurrence, mais aucune ne se dégage vraiment. En l’absence d’études sociologiques poussées, on peine à saisir les raisons profondes des départs anticipés ou des non-renouvellements de contrats. Pour mieux comprendre les expériences des militaires du rang et des sous-officiers, en particulier, des études sociologiques de terrain sur un temps long seraient nécessaires. Il existe néanmoins de nombreuses études, menées par différents organismes (HCECM, EMAT, IDA, CAA…) mais il manque un échelon de synthèse pour agréger ces données et pouvoir faire des corrélations. Pour l’armée de Terre, la création d’un esprit de corps dès le départ est une condition favorisant l’attachement à l’institution. Dans cette optique, le CFIM pourrait être repensé, afin de créer un récit d’initiation fort favorisant l’esprit de corps et dissuadant les moins motivés. Dans la même veine, la poursuite des efforts engagés sur les marqueurs identitaires de l’institution (« esprit guerrier », traditions) ne peut que renforcer le capital symbolique de l’armée française. La possibilité d’évoluer tout au long de sa carrière et de se former doit permettre de maintenir l’intérêt des personnels pour leur métier. Il importe donc de poursuivre les efforts déjà entrepris sur la flexibilité des parcours, ainsi que de réfléchir, notamment pour les militaires du rang et les sous-officiers, à la possibilité de parcours valorisants pour chaque spécialité, par exemple en offrant la possibilité de faire une formation longue dans le civil ou encore en alternant les allers-retours entre les industries de défense et l’armée, par le biais de filières de formation communes. Enfin, il est possible de mieux impliquer les réserves sur les questions de recrutement, tant à des fins de rayonnement que pour favoriser une meilleure connaissance des armées. [less ▲]

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See detailDraft prEN 1994-1-1: 042020 + comments, Document
Schäfer, Markus UL; Hicks, Stephen; Banfi, Mike et al

Report (2020)

Development of second generation for Eurocode 4, part 1: prEN 1994-1-1: April 2020

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See detailCountry study - Coronavirus COVID-19 outbreak in the EU - Fundamental Rights Implications - Luxembourg
Vysotskaya, Volha UL; Vukovich, Lilla UL; Nienaber, Birte UL

Report (2020)

The report intends to cover the possible impacts of the outbreak of the virus on fundamental rights and freedoms within the Grand Duchy. This includes impacts of quarantine measures, issues concerning ... [more ▼]

The report intends to cover the possible impacts of the outbreak of the virus on fundamental rights and freedoms within the Grand Duchy. This includes impacts of quarantine measures, issues concerning pharmaceutical supplies and testing, situation of employees and families in this specific situation, as well as several other socio-political concerns. [less ▲]

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See detailLes systèmes automatisés vont-ils redéfinir la nature du combat terrestre ?
Fouillet, Thibault UL

Report (2020)

L’analyse des doctrines des grandes puissances étrangères confirme une tendance à la massification des systèmes automatisés (SA) et une progressive autonomisation de leurs capacités aussi bien létales que ... [more ▼]

L’analyse des doctrines des grandes puissances étrangères confirme une tendance à la massification des systèmes automatisés (SA) et une progressive autonomisation de leurs capacités aussi bien létales que non létales. A cet égard, les principales puissances, USA, Chine, Russie, Israël, préparent le déploiement de Systèmes d’Armes Autonomes Létaux (SALA) sous supervision humaine, à la différence d’autres Etats comme la France et le Canada qui refusent de déshumaniser le combat. Ce phénomène appelé à se développer du fait des progrès techniques et informatiques, pourrait connaître une accélération avec la maîtrise de l’intelligence artificielle et les progrès de miniaturisation. Cette prolifération pouvant se faire de manière discrète puisque la composition des SALA n’implique pas, pour une majeure partie, de composants soumis à un contrôle de la communauté internationale. Cette menace impacte notablement la plupart des huit facteurs de supériorité opérationnelle retenus par l’armée de Terre, sensibles à l’apparition de nouveaux moyens automatiques et autonomes, et doit conduire les forces à évoluer en termes capacitaires (Doctrine, Organisation, R-H, Entrainement, Soutien, Equipement). Il s’agit ainsi, de moderniser progressivement les forces terrestres françaises par l’introduction de systèmes d’armes automatiques et adaptés à la lutte contre les SALA en assurant leur compatibilité avec les moyens existants, en particulier le système infovalorisé SCORPION. Pour garantir l’efficacité des forces aéroterrestres, il faut savoir tirer le meilleur parti des modules et plateformes automatiques, tout en préservant la place centrale de l’Homme. Cet impératif nécessitera d’accorder une attention particulière, au rythme d’introduction des systèmes autonomes dans les forces, au type de missions qui leurs sont confiées et à la relation Homme/Machine, par le développement de systèmes préservant la cohérence de l’action malgré une automatisation progressive de leurs fonctions. Toutefois, il ne faudrait pas que le respect de principes éthiques empêche d’anticiper les risques constitués par le déploiement de SALA par l’adversaire. Dans cette perspective, la protection de la force avec des moyens adaptés constitue un autre impératif, tout aussi important. En effet, l’introduction de systèmes létaux autonomes en masse par un adversaire pourrait faire notablement évoluer la nature du combat. Une force ennemie ainsi dotée de très nombreux SALA, agissant au sol et près du sol, pourrait tirer parti au cours d’un engagement d’un effet de saturation et de relative insensibilité aux pertes matérielles en privilégiant la brutalité à la manœuvre. [less ▲]

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See detailWomen’s Empowerment and Child Wellbeing in Ethiopia
Cebotari, Victor UL; Ramful, Nesha; Elezaj, Erëblina et al

Report (2020)

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See detailLa fiscalité écologique au Luxembourg : quels effets redistributifs ?
Vergnat, Vincent UL; d'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Liégeois, Philippe

Report (2020)

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See detailChanging Trends in Gender Equality in Ethiopia
Elezaj, Erëblina; Cebotari, Victor UL; Ramful, Nesha et al

Report (2020)

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See detailGerman Emigration and Remigration Panel Study (GERPS): Methodology and Data Manual of the Baseline Survey (Wave 1)
Ette, Andreas; Decieux, Jean Philippe Pierre UL; Erlinghagen, Marcel et al

Report (2020)

International migration between economically highly developed countries is a central component of global migration flows. Still, surprisingly little is known about the international mobility of the ... [more ▼]

International migration between economically highly developed countries is a central component of global migration flows. Still, surprisingly little is known about the international mobility of the populations of these affluent societies. The aim of the German Emigration and Remigration Panel Study (GERPS) is to collect data to analyse the individual consequences of international migration as well as the consequences for the country of origin. GERPS is based on an origin-based multistage probability sample using the German population registers as a sampling frame. The realised net sample includes more than 11,000 persons who recently moved abroad from Germany and persons returning to Germany after having lived abroad. The study follows a multi-destination country design and allows comparative analyses of migrants and non-migrants who stayed in the country of origin. GERPS is a panel study with at least four waves during a period of at least 24 months. This documentation, however, presents the methodology and the data for the first wave providing the baseline survey. Detailed information is provided to invite external researchers to apply the new data infrastructure to their own research and to disseminate the innovative research design to construct migrant samples. [less ▲]

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See detailPandemic Simulation and Forecasting of exit strategies:Convergence of Machine Learning and EpidemiologicalModels
Ghamizi, Salah UL; Rwemalika, Renaud UL; Cordy, Maxime UL et al

Report (2020)

The COVID-19 pandemic has created a public health emergency unprecedented in this century. The lack ofaccurate knowledge regarding the outcomes of the virus has made it challenging for policymakers to ... [more ▼]

The COVID-19 pandemic has created a public health emergency unprecedented in this century. The lack ofaccurate knowledge regarding the outcomes of the virus has made it challenging for policymakers to decideon appropriate countermeasures to mitigate its impact on society, in particular the public health and the veryhealthcare system.While the mitigation strategies (including the lockdown) are getting lifted, understanding the current im-pacts of the outbreak remains challenging. This impedes any analysis and scheduling of measures requiredfor the different countries to recover from the pandemic without risking a new outbreak.Therefore, we propose a novel approach to build realistic data-driven pandemic simulation and forecastingmodels to support policymakers. Our models allow the investigation of mitigation/recovery measures andtheir impact. Thereby, they enable appropriate planning of those measures, with the aim to optimize theirsocietal benefits.Our approach relies on a combination of machine learning and classical epidemiological models, circum-venting the respective limitations of these techniques to allow a policy-making based on established knowl-edge, yet driven by factual data, and tailored to each country’s specific context. [less ▲]

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See detailAssessment of the 2020 National Reform Programme
Andersen, Katja Natalie UL

Report (2020)

From the perspective of primary, secondary and higher education, the 2020 NRP focuses on the two objectives (1) dropping out of school with a target rate under 10% and (2) higher education with a target ... [more ▼]

From the perspective of primary, secondary and higher education, the 2020 NRP focuses on the two objectives (1) dropping out of school with a target rate under 10% and (2) higher education with a target rate of people between 30 and 34 years of age having a HE qualification reaches 66%. At first glance, both of these target rates may not appear ambitious enough, since similar results have already been achieved in previous years (e.g., 9.3% ESL rate in 2015; see section 2.0). Nevertheless, in view of the specific situation of Luxembourg, which has the highest proportion of foreigners in the European Union, the rates described in the 2020 NRP appear appropriate. In order to achieve the objectives of the 2020 NRP on the ESL rate and the HE rate, the considerations formulated on lifelong learning appear to be of particular importance. [less ▲]

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See detailResponses to COVID-19
Andersen, Katja Natalie UL

Report (2020)

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See detailLe concept russe de « guerre nouvelle génération » du Général Gerasimov : quelle exploitation pour l’armée de Terre ?
Fouillet, Thibault UL

Report (2019)

A l’instar du moteur ayant permis de rétablir le mouvement en 1940 après la paralysie opérée par le feu en 1914, la doctrine russe formulée autour du document cadre de 2014 et des discours du Général ... [more ▼]

A l’instar du moteur ayant permis de rétablir le mouvement en 1940 après la paralysie opérée par le feu en 1914, la doctrine russe formulée autour du document cadre de 2014 et des discours du Général Gerasimov permet en s’adaptant à la donne sociologique et technologique contemporaine de rétablir une liberté d’action et de conduire avec succès une bataille malgré la menace du feu nucléaire, permettant une atteinte rapide des buts de guerre (tout en prévenant l’escalade). Cette doctrine de guerre nouvelle génération fondée en réaction à la guerre hybride américaine et intériorisant les grandes tendances d’évolutions capacitaires, constitue une énième mutation de la guerre par fondation d’une stratégie intégrale dont l’originalité repose sur un emploi coordonné de moyens de toute nature (civils, techniques) et pour les moyens militaires, sur un appareil conventionnel modernisé et infovalorisé. Les modalités opérationnelles qui en découlent recouvrent alors quatre domaines :  L’intégration multi-domaines pour la réalisation de frappes en profondeur dans l’ensemble de l’épaisseur du système ennemi (au sens large), notamment par un usage d’opérations couplées (actions non-linéaires/actions conventionnelles) ;  La fondation d’une architecture C4ISR complète permettant de basculer du combat collaboratif aux opérations collaboratives dans la profondeur ;  Le retour de la menace d’ADM tactiques et le développement d’une capacité de dissuasion conventionnelle par acquisition de moyens à « efficience nucléaire » ;  La centralité des capacités robotiques et notamment leur massification tactique pour produire des effets de saturation à faibles coûts. Ainsi, est mis en exergue un modèle d’opérations privilégiant les actions coordonnées sur l’ensemble des capacités ennemis (population, économie, structures civiles) en usant de la totalité des fonctions disponibles (champs immatériels de désinformation, cyber, proxies, etc. et également champs matériels de frappes en profondeur) pour produire des effets tactiques et opérationnels suffisant pour paralyser la capacité de réaction ennemie. Modèle qui n’est que partiellement compatible avec la conception française de la guerre, puisque faisant fi du respect du droit international et ne prenant pas en compte le cas d’opérations défensives. Par conséquent les enseignements que l’adT peut tirer de la doctrine russe, aussi bien en offensive qu’en défensive, sont centrés sur les voies et moyens d’une action coordonnée de l’ensemble des domaines de la lutte dans le cadre d’opérations dans la profondeur et ce sur l’ensemble du spectre des engagements ; des OPEX à la haute intensité. [less ▲]

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See detailThe funding of the online press: from its origin to the temporary state subsidies.
Kies, Raphaël UL; Hamdi, Mohamed Amin UL

Report (2019)

Following the objectives of the Media Pluralism Monitor, this section aims to analyse to what extent the introduction of public funding dedicated to the online journalism contributes to reinforce the ... [more ▼]

Following the objectives of the Media Pluralism Monitor, this section aims to analyse to what extent the introduction of public funding dedicated to the online journalism contributes to reinforce the independence, plurality and the quality of the journalistic offer in the country. We will first provide an overview of the issues online media face in Luxembourg before dealing more in detail withthe new national regulation on online media funding. Specifically, we will analyse how it differs from the existing public subsidies for the print media and to what extend online media have benefited from these fundings. This analysis should allow us to evaluate whether the introduction of the subsidies for online journalism positively affects the media concentration, the linguistic and ideological plurality and whether it contributes to improving the quality of the media production. [less ▲]

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See detailRAPPORT TRAVAIL ET COHÉSION SOCIALE − L'ÉTAT SOCIAL ET LE BIEN-ÊTRE DE LA SOCIÉTÉ LUXEMBOURGEOISE
Ametepe, Fofo; Franziskus, Anne; Hartung, Anne UL et al

Report (2019)

Detailed reference viewed: 156 (1 UL)