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See detailSelf-education – Recognition – Well-being. Insights into a mixed-methods-research on the value of non-formal education in the adolescence. Abstract.
Biewers, Sandra; Weis, Daniel; Latz, Anita

in Carmo, Mafalda (Ed.) Education and New Developments - Book of Abstracts (in press)

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See detailYoung People and COVID-19: Social, Economic, and Health Consequences of Infection Prevention and Control Measures among Young People in Luxembourg – Technical Report 2021 Cross-Sectional Survey
Schomaker, Lea; Residori, Caroline; Samuel, Robin

Report (2022)

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See detailYoung People and COVID-19: Social, Economic, and Health Consequences of Infection Prevention and Control Measures among Young People in Luxembourg – Technical Report 2020
Schomaker, Lea; Sozio, Maria Eugenia; Residori, Caroline; Samuel, Robin

Report (2022)

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See detailDie Förderung von Wohlbefinden und Gesundheit als Aufgabe der Jugendarbeit
Meyers, Christiane; Biewers, Sandra; Heinen, Andreas; Samuel, Robin

Conference given outside the academic context (2022)

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See detailCatMesNEET – Ein Maßnahmenkatalog für junge Menschen mit NEET-Status in Luxemburg
Nell, Josepha; Scheier, Elisabeth; Zuniga, Michaela; Samuel, Robin

Report (2022)

Zielgruppe des Projektes CatMesNEET (Catalogue de mesures pour NEETs) sind Jugendliche und junge Erwachsene mit NEET-Status in Luxemburg. Die Abkürzung NEET steht hier für „Not in Education, Employment or Training“ und meint Jugendliche, die keine Schule besuchen, keiner Arbeit nachgehen und sich nicht in beruflicher Ausbildung befinden.Es besteht kein nationaler Überblick über Zertifikate, die für die Teilnahme an einer Maßnahme vergeben werden. Diese Lücke soll ebenfalls in der Studie geschlossen werden. Zum einen wird erhoben, welche Massnahmen ein Zertifikat vergeben und zum anderen, worauf diese Zertifikate abzielen. In der ersten Feldphase wurde von Jugend- und Sozialarbeitern kommuniziert, dass Zertifikate durchaus einen wichtigen Stellenwert bei der Suche nach einem Ausbildungs- und Arbeitsplatz haben können. Ziel der Studie ist es daher, ein klares und differenziertes Bild der bestehenden Maßnahmen zur Unterstützung der in Luxemburg lebenden jungen Menschen mit einem problematischen NEET-Status im Alter zwischen 15 und 29 Jahren zu geben. Da der Fokus der Forschung auf Maßnahmen für junge Menschen mit NEET-Status liegt, wird auf individueller Ebene angesetzt, nämlich an der jeweiligen Situation der Betroffenen. Dies bedeutet, dass der Frage nachgegangen wird, welche Maßnahmen Jugendlichen helfen können, um ihrem NEET-Status zu überwinden. Es ist allerdings wichtig, darauf hinzuweisen, dass es auch auf einer strukturellen arbeitsmarktpolitischen Ebene Maßnahmen bedarf, die die NEET-Rate erheblich senken könnten. Daher gilt es festzuhalten, dass es sich bei der NEET-Thematik nicht nur um eine Problematik handelt, die auf individueller Ebene gelöst werden kann, sondern dass diese auch Maßnahmen auf struktureller arbeitsmarkt-, sozial-, und bildungspolitischer Ebene verlangt.

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See detailChanging Routinized Household Energy Consumption Using the Example of Washing, Cooking, and Standby: A Randomized Controlled Field Experiment of Home Energy Advice
Hess, Ann-Kathrin; Schubert, Iljana; Samuel, Robin; Burger, Paul

in Cleaner and Responsible Consumption (2022)

Despite advances in understanding routines, there is little knowledge about which aspects of routinized behavior people adjust during interventions. In this study, we applied an adjusted social practice theory framework to disentangle routinized energy consumption, focusing on energy services related to washing, standby, and cooking. We investigate the potential of home energy advice to change elements of routinized behaviors, namely meanings, knowledge, and technologies. Using a randomized controlled field trial on a probabilistic sample of households, we found short-term treatment effects related to increased usage of lids during cooking and improved knowledge of IT-related energy consumption, as well as negative effects regarding multi-sockets and washing frequency. Our findings suggest that meanings (e.g., preferences underlying routinized behaviors) are less subject to change, and that sociodemographic variables are associated with routinized behaviors in complex ways. Our disentangling of energy demand into elements of routines enables us to show how home energy advice may change behaviors and knowledge. This study highlights the benefits of a multifaceted perspective for understanding household energy consumption and can be used to inform intervention and policy design.

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See detailWeight Status and Mental Well-Being Among Adolescents: The Mediating Role of Self-Perceived Body Weight. A Cross-National Survey
Fismen, Anne-Siri; Galler, Martina; Klepp, Knut-Inge; Chatelan, Angeline; Residori, Caroline; Ojala, Kristiina; Dzielska, Anna; Kelly, Colette; Melkumova, Marina; Milanović, Sanja Musić; Nardone, Paola; Štefanová, Eliška; Flodgren, Gerd; Bakke, Therese; Ercan, Oya; Samdal, Oddrun; Helleve, Arnfinn

in Journal of Adolescent Health (2022)

Purpose Overweight and obesity are associated with poor mental health in adolescents. However, little is known about whether the influence of overweight and obesity on mental well-being is mediated by self-perceived body weight. Exploring the mechanisms underlying the relationships between obesity and mental well-being is of interest to policy makers and others working in the field of adolescent health. Methods 76,998). Mixed regression models that included gender and socioeconomic status as covariates were used to identify associations between weight status and mental well-being (life satisfaction and subjective health complaints) and to explore whether self-perceived body weight (feeling too thin or too fat) has a mediating effect. Associations between weight status, self-perceived weight, and mental well-being were further assessed country by country. Results Self-perceived body weight mediated the observed associations between overweight or obesity and mental well-being. Perceiving one's body weight as “too thin” or “too fat” was associated with poorer mental well-being, regardless of weight status. Self-perceived body weight varied by gender, socioeconomic status, and country. Discussion Self-perceived body weight may explain, to a greater extent than body mass index, variation in mental well-being among adolescents. These results are important to policy makers, clinicians, and others targeting adolescent health.

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See detailYoung People and Covid-19 II: Développements de 2020 à 2021, disposition à se faire vacciner et répercussions de la pandémie Résultats provisoires d’un sondage représentatif auprès d’adolescents et de jeunes adultes au Luxembourg
Schomaker, Lea; Residori, Caroline; Fernandez Urbano, Roger; Samuel, Robin

Report (2021)

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See detailYoung People and Covid-19 II: Entwécklungen 2020 bis 2021, Impfbereetschaft an Auswierkunge vun der Pandemie. Virleefeg Resultater vun enger representativer Ëmfro bei Jugendlechen a jonken Erwuessenen zu Lëtzebuerg
Schomaker, Lea; Residori, Caroline; Fernandez Urbano, Roger; Samuel, Robin

Report (2021)

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See detailYoung People and Covid-19 II: Evolution 2020 to 2021, Vaccination Willingness, and Impact of the Pandemic. Preliminary Results of a Representative Survey of Adolescents and Young Adults in Luxembourg
Schomaker, Léa; Residori, Caroline; Fernandez Urbano, Roger; Samuel, Robin

Report (2021)

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See detailYoung People and Covid-19 II: Desenvolvimentos de 2020 a 2021, disposição para a vacinação e impacto da pandemia. Resultados preliminares de um inquérito representativo de jovens e jovens adultos no Luxemburgo
Schomaker, Léa; Residori, Caroline; Fernandez Urbano, Roger; Samuel, Robin

Report (2021)

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See detailYoung People and Covid-19 II: Entwicklungen 2020 bis 2021, Impfbereitschaft und Auswirkungen der Pandemie Vorläufige Ergebnisse einer repräsentativen Befragung Jugendlicher und junger Erwachsener in Luxemburg
Schomaker, Léa; Residori, Caroline; Fernandez Urbano, Roger; Samuel, Robin

Report (2021)

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See detailYoung People and Covid-19 II: Evolution 2020 to 2021, Vaccination Willingness, and Impact of the Pandemic. Key data of the Preliminary Results of a Representative Survey of Adolescents and Young Adults in Luxembourg
Residori, Caroline; Schomaker, Léa; Bulut, Hamid; Samuel, Robin

Report (2021)

This document provides an overview of the empirical basis for the results we present in the report “Young People and Covid-19 II: Evolution 2020 to 2021, Willingness for Vaccination and Effects of the Pandemic1“ (Schomaker et al. 2021). Here, we present in detail the indicators mentioned in the report. Our analyses are based on the preliminary and weighted data of the 2986 participants of the YAC 2021 survey, who completed the questionnaire between the 2nd of August and the 22nd of September 2021. The methodological procedures on which the data is based are described in the next section. The data is marked according to the sections in the report and is organized in tables that provide an overview of the respective frequency distributions in percentage values. The data in this collection is disaggregated by gender, age group, migration status and socioeconomic status.

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See detailWas Jugendliche für ihr Wohlbefinden und ihre Gesundheit tun oder nicht tun
Heinen, Andreas; Schobel, Magdalena; Residori, Caroline; Schulze, Tabea Sophie; Samuel, Robin

in Samuel, Robin; Willems, Helmut Erich (Eds.) Wohlbefinden und Gesundheit von Jugendlichen in Luxemburg (2021)

WICHTIGE ERGEBNISSE AUS KAPITEL 5 - Jugendliche entwickeln ein umfangreiches Repertoire an gesundheits- und Wohlbefindensorientierten Verhaltensweisen. Ein großer Teil der Jugendlichen ernährt sich gesund, treibt Sport und verzichtet auf Alkohol und Tabak, um bewusst der eigenen Gesundheit nicht zu schaden bzw. diese zu fördern. - Eine kleine Gruppe von Jugendlichen weist ein höheres Risikoverhalten auf. Diese Jugendlichen rauchen und trinken viel, sind sportlich weniger aktiv, häufiger an Mobbing und Schlägereien beteiligt und bewerten ihre Gesundheit und Lebenszufriedenheit niedriger. - In den wohlbefindensorientierten und gesundheitsrelevanten Verhaltensweisen zeigen sich teilweise große Unterschiede nach Geschlecht, Alter und sozioökonomischem Status. - Wohlbefindensorientiertes Handeln zeigt sich vor allem im Freizeitbereich – je nach Vorliebe unternehmen Jugendliche beispielsweise etwas mit ihren Freunden, gehen Hobbys nach oder entspannen sich zu Hause. - Der Konsum von Alkohol oder Tabak, Medienkonsum oder ungesunde Ernährung werden ambivalent bewertet und können neben gesundheitsschädigenden Folgen auch kurzfristig positive Auswirkungen auf das Wohlbefinden haben (z. B. durch Entspannung, Spaß mit Freunden, sozialen Austausch). - Jugendliche nehmen sich als selbstwirksam wahr, d. h., sie gehen davon aus, dass sie ihr Wohlbefinden und ihre Gesundheit in hohem Maße selbst beeinflussen können und nutzen entsprechende Bewältigungsmechanismen und Verhaltensstrategien zur Stärkung ihrer Resilienz. - Durch die Covid-19-Pandemie hat sich das Freizeitverhalten der Jugendlichen stark verändert. Der Rückgang gesellschaftlicher Aktivitäten belastet sie, sie nehmen jedoch alternative Freizeitbeschäftigungen als Ausgleich auf.

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See detailWie Jugendliche ihr Wohlbefinden und ihre Gesundheit einschätzen
Heinz, Andreas; Residori, Caroline; Schulze, Tabea Sophie; Heinen, Andreas; Samuel, Robin

in Samuel, Robin; Willems, Helmut Erich (Eds.) Wohlbefinden und Gesundheit von Jugendlichen in Luxemburg (2021)

WICHTIGE ERGEBNISSE AUS KAPITEL 4 - Wohlbefinden wird von den Jugendlichen komplex definiert und umfasst neben der Gesundheit und einer inneren Zufriedenheit auch ein glückliches Leben mit sozialer Einbindung, artnerschaft und einem erfüllenden Beruf in einer insgesamt sicheren und zuverlässigen Gesellschaft. - Die meisten Jugendlichen verstehen Gesundheit als die Abwesenheit von Krankheit und sie sind insgesamt nur wenig durch Krankheiten betroffen. Mädchen und junge Frauen haben häufiger multiple psychosomatische Beschwerden, diagnostizierte psychische Krankheiten, Stress und moderate depressive Symptome im Vergleich zu Jungen bzw. jungen Männern. - Bei drei Viertel der luxemburgischen Jugendlichen sind das affektive Wohlbefinden und die Lebenszufriedenheit mittel bis hoch. Entsprechend gering ist der Anteil der Jugendlichen, die unzufrieden mit ihrer Lebenssituation sind. - Ein niedriger sozioökonomischer Status geht einher mit einer höheren Wahrscheinlichkeit für Übergewicht, multiple psychosomatische Beschwerden, psychische Erkrankungen, ein niedriges affektives Wohlbefinden sowie eine niedrige Lebenszufriedenheit. - Im Zuge der Covid-19-Pandemie machen Jugendliche sich mehr Gedanken über ihre mentale Gesundheit. Je nach verfügbaren Ressourcen nahm ihre Lebenszufriedenheit ab, nur bei einer Minderheit stieg sie trotz der Pandemie an.

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See detailWie Jugendliche die Covid-19-Pandemie und die Maßnahmen wahrnehmen
Residori, Caroline; Schomaker, Léa; Schobel, Magdalena; Schulze, Tabea Sophie; Heinen, Andreas

in Willems, Helmut Erich; Samuel, Robin (Eds.) Wohlbefinden und Gesundheit von Jugendlichen in Luxemburg (2021)

WICHTIGE ERGEBNISSE AUS KAPITEL 7 - Laut den YAC+-Befragungen aus dem Sommer 2020 findet die große Mehrheit der Jugendlichen die Maßnahmen der luxemburgischen Regierung gerechtfertigt und angemessen. Jugendliche akzeptieren die Maßnahmen, um andere, insbesondere Risikogruppen, zu schützen. - Jugendliche fühlen sich dennoch vor allem durch die soziale Distanzierung und die Kontaktbeschränkungen belastet und halten diese Maßnahmen weniger konsequent ein als andere Maßnahmen. - Jugendliche fühlen sich von der Nachrichten- und Informationsflut zu Covid-19 teilweise überfordert. Sie schränken ihren Nachrichtenkonsum gezielt ein, um sich selbst zu schützen. - Die Schulschließung und das damit verbundene Lernen auf Distanz ist für einige Jugendliche eine neue Erfahrung und durchaus bereichernd; für andere steigt dadurch der empfundene Schulstress und sie berichten von Lernschwierigkeiten. - Übergänge – insbesondere von der Schule ins Studium oder vom Studium in den Beruf – werden von den Jugendlichen pandemiebedingt als zunehmend belastend wahrgenommen und fördern Zukunftsängste. - Kurzarbeit, steigende (Jugend-)Arbeitslosigkeit und Einkommensverluste führen dazu, dass sich die Jugendlichen Sorgen um ihre Zukunft machen. - Die meisten Jugendlichen haben sich mit der Pandemie arrangiert und versuchen das Beste aus der Situation zu machen, indem sie Tätigkeiten nachgehen, für die sie sonst keine Zeit hatten. Zudem pflegen sie soziale Kontakte online und verbringen viel Zeit mit der Familie.

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See detailHerausforderungen für Politik und Praxis
Schumacher, Anette; Heinen, Andreas; Willems, Helmut Erich; Samuel, Robin

Report (2021)

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See detailKonzeption des Jugendberichtes
Schumacher, Anette; Heinen, Andreas; Willems, Helmut Erich; Samuel, Robin

in Samuel, Robin; Willems, Helmut Erich (Eds.) Wohlbefinden und Gesundheit von Jugendlichen in Luxemburg (2021)

WICHTIGE ERGEBNISSE AUS KAPITEL 2 - Der luxemburgische Jugendbericht 2020 beinhaltet eine umfassende Beschreibung des Wohlbefindens und der Gesundheit von Jugendlichen. Die Beschreibung basiert auf der Wahrnehmung und Einschätzung der Jugendlichen selbst. - Der Jugendbericht nimmt eine sozialwissenschaftliche Perspektive ein, wonach Wohlbefinden und Gesundheit als Resultat personaler, sozialer und struktureller Ressourcen betrachtet werden. - Er analysiert die unterschiedlichen Sichtweisen und Handlungsweisen (Agency) und identifiziert Unterschiede und Ungleichheiten in Gesundheit und Wohlbefinden der Jugendlichen nach Alter, Geschlecht, sozialem Status und Bildungsstatus sowie Migrationshintergrund. - Die Datengrundlage besteht aus mehreren eigens für diesen Bericht durchgeführten quantitativen und qualitativen Studien und ergänzt diese durch Sekundärdatenanalysen. - Die integrierte Analyse der Datenquellen erlaubt ein facettenreiches Bild des Wohlbefindens und der Gesundheit der Jugendlichen in Luxemburg zu zeichnen.

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See detailHerausforderungen für Politik und Praxis
Schumacher, Anette; Heinen, Andreas; Willems, Helmut Erich; Samuel, Robin

in Samuel, Robin; Willems, Helmut Erich (Eds.) Wohlbefinden und Gesundheit von Jugendlichen in Luxemburg (2021)

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See detailTabellenband - Jugendbericht 2020
Residori, Caroline; Schembri, Emanuel; Bulut, Hamid; Samuel, Robin

Report (2021)

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See detailGesundheit von Schülerinnen und Schülern in Luxemburg - Bericht zur luxemburgischen HBSC-Befragung 2018
Heinz, Andreas; Kern, Matthias Robert; van Duin, Claire; Catunda, Carolina; Willems, Helmut Erich

Report (2021)

Der Bericht gibt Auskunft über Gesundheit und Wohlbefinden der Schüler im Jahr 2018 in ihrem sozialen Kontext. Darüber hinaus informiert er, wie sich die entsprechenden Indikatoren von 2006—2018 in Luxemburg entwickelt haben. Verbesserungen gab es vor allem beim Gesundheitsverhalten — die Schüler rauchen und trinken weniger, sie putzen sich häufiger die Zähne und essen mehr Obst und Gemüse. Verschlechterungen betreffen die mentale Gesundheit: Die Schüler haben häufiger psychosomatische Beschwerden und sie fühlen sich häufiger von der Schularbeit gestresst. Des Weiteren sind die Schüler häufiger übergewichtig und sie sind seltener körperlich aktiv. Der Bericht zeigt auch, dass Gesundheitsrisiken mit soziodemografischen Merkmalen zusammenhängen, wie u. a. dem Geschlecht, dem Alter, dem Wohlstand und dem Migrationshintergrund. So verhalten sich Mädchen zwar häufig gesundheitsbewusster als Jungen, aber dennoch schätzen sie ihren Gesundheitszustand schlechter ein und sie haben mehr Stress und sie sind häufiger von multiplen psychosomatischen Beschwerden betroffen. Aus Clusteranalysen geht hervor, dass es typische Konstellationen von Gesundheitsverhaltensweisen gibt, die zudem mit soziodemografischen Merkmalen sowie Übergewicht, Stress und der Lebenszufriedenheit zusammenhängen.

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See detailNationaler Bericht zur Situation der Jugend in Luxemburg 2020: Wohlbefinden und Gesundheit von Jugendlichen in Luxemburg
Biewers, Sandra; Heinen, Andreas; Heinz, Andreas; Meyers, Christiane; Residori, Caroline; Samuel, Robin; Schembri, Emanuel; Schobel, Magdalena; Schomaker, Léa; Schulze, Tabea Sophie; Schumacher, Anette; Willems, Helmut Erich; Ministère de l‘Éducation nationale, de l‘Enfance et de la Jeunesse; Université du Luxembourg

Book published by Ministère de l‘Éducation nationale, de l‘Enfance et de la Jeunesse & Université du Luxembourg (2021)

Die Erstellung des nationalen Berichtes zur Situation der Jugend in Luxemburg geht auf den Artikel 15 (1) des Jugendgesetzes vom 4. Juli 2008 zurück, wonach der Minister, zu dessen Zuständigkeitsbereich die Jugendpolitik gehört, der Abgeordnetenkammer alle fünf Jahre einen Bericht vorlegt. Nach dem ersten Bericht im Jahr 2010, der als Gesamtbericht verschiedene Themen behandelte, thematisierte der zweite Bericht im Jahr 2015 die Übergänge vom Jugend- ins Erwachsenenalter. Der thematische Schwerpunkt des vorliegenden dritten Berichtes ist das Wohlbefinden und die Gesundheit von Jugendlichen in Luxemburg. Der Bericht umfasst zwei Teile: eine wissenschaftliche Analyse und Bestandsaufnahme, die von dem Centre for Childhood and Youth Research (CCY) an der Universität Luxemburg erstellt wurde, sowie einen Beitrag des Ministeriums für Bildung, Kinder und Jugend, welche den Kontext erläutert und die zukünftigen Schwerpunkte der luxemburgischen Jugendpolitik reflektiert. Bei der wissenschaftlichen Analyse und Bestandsaufnahme stehen die Jugendlichen und ihre subjektiven Sichtweisen, ihre Bewertungen und Handlungen im Zusammenhang mit ihrem Wohlbefinden und ihrer Gesundheit im Fokus. Der Bericht zeigt auf, (1) wie Jugendliche ihr Wohlbefinden und ihre Gesundheit einschätzen, (2) was Jugendliche für ihr Wohlbefinden und ihre Gesundheit tun oder nicht tun, (3) welche Bedeutung das soziale Umfeld für das Wohlbefinden der Jugendlichen hat, (4) wie Jugendliche die Covid-19-Pandemie und die Maßnahmen wahrnehmen und (5) wie luxemburgische Experten über das Wohlbefinden und die Gesundheit Jugendlicher diskutieren. Die Datengrundlage bilden vor allem die eigens für den Bericht erhobenen Daten aus standardisierten Umfragen und qualitativen Interviews. Um die Veränderung der Situation der Jugendlichen durch die Covid-19-Pandemie zu beschreiben, wurde während der Erarbeitung des Jugendberichtes eine weitere Studie entwickelt und durchgeführt, deren Ergebnisse im Bericht gesondert dargestellt werden. Der Bericht liefert eine umfassende Informationsgrundlage für die zukünftige Ausrichtung und Weiterentwicklung der Jugendpolitik der luxemburgischen Regierung, die in einem nationalen Jugendpakt zusammengefasst wird. Er richtet sich sowohl an Fachleute in den verschiedenen jugendrelevanten Arbeitsfeldern als auch an Studierende und alle Leserinnen und Leser, die an fundierten Informationen zur Jugend in Luxemburg und deren Wohlbefinden und Gesundheit interessiert sind.

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See detailSynopse der zentralen Ergebnisse
Schumacher, Anette; Heinen, Andreas; Schembri, Emanuel; Willems, Helmut Erich; Samuel, Robin

in Samuel, Robin; Willems, Helmut Erich (Eds.) Wohlbefinden und Gesundheit von Jugendlichen in Luxemburg (2021)

Insgesamt berichtet eine überwiegende Mehrheit der Jugendlichen ein mittleres bis hohes Wohlbefinden und schätzt die eigene Gesundheit als „ausgezeichnet“ ein. Die luxemburgischen Jugendlichen bewegen sich damit im internationalen Vergleich im oberen Mittelfeld. Das hohe Maß an Wohlbefinden in der jungen Bevölkerung ist über die letzten Jahre weitgehend stabil geblieben, während sich das subjektive Gesundheitsempfinden sogar positiv verändert hat. Treiber dieser Entwicklung sind insbesondere die positiven Veränderungen bei Mädchen und jungen Frauen. Obwohl grundsätzlich alle Bevölkerungsgruppen auch von geringem Wohlbefinden oder vermehrten gesundheitlichen Problemen betroffen sein können, zeigt sich hinsichtlich der Verteilung eine deutliche soziale Schieflage: Sozioökonomisch benachteiligte Jugendliche sind deutlich häufiger von gesundheitlichen Problemen betroffen und weisen insgesamt auch ein niedrigeres Wohlbefinden auf als Jugendliche mit höherem Sozialstatus. Während die Experten gesamtgesellschaftliche Hintergründe für die Entwicklung von Gesundheit und Wohlbefinden mitverantwortlich machen, sind viele Jugendliche der Ansicht, dass sie ihre Gesundheit und ihr subjektives Wohlbefinden weitgehend selbst aktiv beeinflussen können. Zudem werden starke soziale Beziehungen zu Eltern, Familie und Freunden als positive Faktoren genannt. Für wenige Jugendliche können solche Beziehungen jedoch auch negative Auswirkungen auf das Wohlbefinden haben. Ein Mangel an Handlungsmöglichkeiten, etwa aufgrund fehlender finanzieller Ressourcen oder familiärer Unterstützung, kann es zudem erschweren, Verwirklichungschancen zu ergreifen und Wohlbefinden positiv zu gestalten. Auch hinsichtlich der Folgen der Covid-19-Pandemie werden Unterschiede nach sozioökonomischen und soziodemografischen Faktoren deutlich. Jugendliche mit niedrigem sozioökonomischem Status haben in der Tendenz eher negative Folgen zu gewärtigen, während Jugendliche mit gutem Zugang zu verschiedenen Ressourcenpools besser mit den Einschränkungen zurechtzukommen scheinen und sogar von positiven Effekten berichten. In den luxemburgischen Fachdiskursen sind Wohlbefinden und insbesondere die psychische Gesundheit zentrale Themen. Zunehmend dominieren Konzepte, die den Jugendlichen als Akteur in den Mittelpunkt stellen und eine bedürfnisorientierte und befähigende Herangehensweise verfolgen. Damit spiegeln sie die von vielen Jugendlichen berichtete Einschätzung, das eigene Leben handlungsmächtig planen und gestalten zu wollen.

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Schumacher, Anette; Heinen, Andreas; Schembri, Emanuel; Willems, Helmut Erich; Samuel, Robin

in Samuel, Robin; Willems, Helmut Erich (Eds.) Le bien-être et la santé des jeunes au Luxembourg (2021)

Le bien-être des jeunes luxembourgeois n’a guère changé au cours des années passées et est resté relativement stable à un niveau élevé. La perception subjective de la santé par les jeunes s’est même améliorée. Aujourd’hui, plus d’élèves pensent être en « excellente » santé qu’il y a encore 15 ans ; cette hausse concerne notamment les filles. La perception des garçons n’a guère évolué.

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See detailWelche Bedeutung das soziale Umfeld für das Wohlbefinden der Jugendlichen hat: Familie, Freunde, Schule und weitere Lebensbereiche
Heinen, Andreas; Schulze, Tabea Sophie; Schobel, Magdalena; Schembri, Emanuel; Willems, Helmut Erich

in Samuel, Robin; Willems, Helmut Erich (Eds.) Wohlbefinden und Gesundheit von Jugendlichen in Luxemburg (2021)

WICHTIGE ERGEBNISSE AUS KAPITEL 6 - Für einen Großteil der Jugendlichen sind die Eltern zentrale Ansprechpartner und Vertrauenspersonen, von denen sie Hilfe und Unterstützung erfahren. Ein vertrauensvolles Verhältnis zu den Eltern trägt maßgeblich zu einem positiven Wohlbefinden bei. - Bei einer Minderheit der Jugendlichen wird das Wohlbefinden nachhaltig durch problembelastete Beziehungen zu den Eltern beeinträchtigt. - Freunde sind für die meisten Jugendlichen nicht nur wichtige Freizeitpartner, sondern auch unterstützende Vertrauenspersonen, in deren Gemeinschaft sie Anerkennung erfahren und sich wohlfühlen. - Eine Minderheit unter den Jugendlichen erfährt von anderen Gleichaltrigen jedoch nur wenig Unterstützung oder macht gar Mobbingerfahrungen, was ihr Wohlbefinden erheblich beeinträchtigt. - Schulen, Jugendhäuser, Heime und betreute Wohnstrukturen sowie der Arbeitsplatz sind wichtige außerfamiliäre Lebensbereiche für die Jugendlichen. Vertrauensvolle, unterstützende Beziehungen zu den Erwachsenen (Lehrer, Erzieher, Vorgesetzte) und den anderen Jugendlichen (Mitschüler, Bewohner, Arbeitskollegen) erweisen sich als förderlich für ihr Wohlbefinden. - Jugendliche schätzen die gesellschaftlichen Rahmenbedingungen in Luxemburg insgesamt positiv ein, vor allem den Rechtsstaat, den hohen Wohlstand und das Gesundheitssystem. Dagegen werden Umweltprobleme, Verkehrsprobleme oder die hohen Wohnkosten negativ gesehen und als Beeinträchtigung des Wohlbefindens verstanden. - Jugendliche bewerten die ausgedehnte Zeit mit ihrer Familie während der Covid-19-Pandemie meist positiv; sie wird aber auch als Auslöser für Spannungen und Konflikte gesehen, wenn räumliche Bedingungen und Ressourcen eingeschränkt sind. - Den eingeschränkten physischen Kontakt zu Freunden während der Covid-19-Pandemie schätzen Jugendliche zum Teil als belastend ein. Jugendliche sehen große Vorteile in der digitalen Kommunikation, bewerten diese aber nicht als gleichwertigen Ersatz für persönlichen Kontakt.

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See detailDéfis pour la politique et la pratique
Schumacher, Anette; Heinen, Andreas; Willems, Helmut Erich; Samuel, Robin

in Samuel, Robin; Willems, Helmut Erich (Eds.) Le bien-être et la santé des jeunes au Luxembourg (2021)

Le rapport sur la jeunesse 2020 fournit un état des lieux détaillé sur le bien-être et la santé des jeunes au Luxembourg et un aperçu important sur une population large et hétérogène. Le rapport met également l’accent sur des groupes spécifiques de jeunes en identifiant des groupes à risques parmi les jeunes et en décrivant des problèmes spécifiques. La réflexion finale des résultats de la recherche doit à présent permettre de définir dans ce contexte les enjeux auxquels se verra confronter l’action future des responsables politiques et des acteurs sur le terrain et donner ainsi des suggestions en matière de mesures sociales et politiques.

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See detailDiversity, National Identity, and Political Participation among Young People in Luxembourg
Procopio, Alessandro; Schomaker, Léa; Samuel, Robin

E-print/Working paper (2021)

Luxembourg is known for its cultural and national diversity. Approximately 48 of the population is foreigners live in Luxembourg. For 15-29-year-olds, this share was approximately 42 in 2019 and 2020. Furthermore, approximately 185,000 foreign workers commute to Luxembourg daily. Considering this, Luxembourg is an interesting case for investigating national identity and political participation of a diverse society (STATEC 2020a, STATEC 2020b, STATEC 2021). Especially, as the biographies of young people in Luxembourg are becoming increasingly complex (e.g., mixed national parents; highly skilled expatriates), it is worth looking into different aspects and valuations of national identity and political participation of youth in Luxembourg (Amtépé and Hartmann-Hirsch, 2011). In this policy report, we look into the aspects of national identity and how young people living in Luxembourg define a ‘real Luxembourger’ using the Youth Survey Luxembourg (2019) data (Sozio et al., 2020). This will give us the opportunity to investigate what aspects of identity (e.g. Luxembourgish ancestry; the time spent living in Luxembourg) matter for young people to feel part of Luxembourgish society and how these change across different social backgrounds and demographics. The discourse about the interrelations of political participation and youth brings forward the dominant narrative of a disengaging and passive youth. Here, we also investigate these statements in the Luxembourgish context. We analyse the level of interest in politics across young people in Luxembourg and their means of political participation. Finally, we especially investigated the relationship between aspects of national identity, and political interest and engagement of young people in Luxembourg.

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See detailDoes Physical Activity Moderate the Influence of Sedentary Behavior on Health in Young People?
Schembri, Emanuel; Heinz, Andreas; Samuel, Robin

in Medicine Science in Sports Exercise (2021), 53(8S), 183--184

PURPOSE: High level of sedentary behavior (SB) may cause a number of health complaints (nHC) and lead to reduced self-rated health (SRH) in young people. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between SB, the magnitude of nHC, SRH, body mass index (BMI), and whether the amount of physical activity (PA) moderates this relationship. METHODS: The data was obtained from Youth Survey Luxembourg 2019 (N = 2802). The population characteristics include sociodemographic data such as age, gender, and socio-economics status (SES) (0 = low to 18 = high). The severity of nHC was the sum score of headaches, stomach aches, back aches, depression, irritableness, nervousness, dizziness, and difficulty falling asleep (0 = low to 32 = high). BMI was calculated by dividing body weight to the square of body height (kg/m2). SRH was measured on a 5-point scale (1 = very good to 5 = very bad). PA and SB were generated from factor analyses of the questionnaire items. SB is separated between leisure and gaming. Multiple regression analysis, adjusted for age, gender, and SES, was used to determine the relationships between SB, nHC, BMI, and SRH, and the moderating effect of PA. RESULTS: Out of the participants, 54% were female and 46% were male with the mean age of 22 ± 4 years (16-29 years). The mean SES was 9.3 ± 2.2 (1-13), BMI was 23 ± 4 kg/m2 (14-47 kg/m2), severity of the nHC was 9 ± 6 (0-32), and SRH was 1.8 ± 0.6 (1-5). The multiple regression analysis shows that high SB through leisure is associated with more severe nHC (unstandardized coefficient b = .49, p < .01). However, PA can decrease nHC (b = .39, p < .01) for participants with high leisure SB. No association has been found between SRH, BMI, and leisure SB. Furthermore, an increase in SB through gaming is associated with higher BMI (b = .35, p < .01) and worse SRH (b = .09, p < .00). A relationship between the severity of nHC and gaming is not found. In all cases, a higher PA shows a significantly better nHC, SRH, and BMI. CONCLUSIONS: The results show that PA has a positive moderating effect of the relationship on leisure SB and nHC in young people in Luxembourg. Increased SB causes higher nHC, worse SRH, and higher BMI and young people who do more PA have lower severity in nHC, and better BMI and SRH. Therefore, it is important for young people to reduce SB and implement a sufficient amount of PA to improve overall health.

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See detailGesellschaftliche Kontextbedingungen für das Wohlbefinden und die Gesundheit von Jugendlichen in Luxemburg
Schumacher, Anette; Willems, Helmut Erich; Schembri, Emanuel

in Samuel, Robin; Willems, Helmut Erich (Eds.) Wohlbefinden und Gesundheit von Jugendlichen in Luxemburg (2021)

WICHTIGE ERGEBNISSE AUS KAPITEL 3 - Gesamtgesellschaftliche und wohlfahrtsstaatliche Strukturen sind für das subjektive Wohlbefinden und die Gesundheit von Jugendlichen von zentraler Bedeutung und stehen im Zentrum dieses Kapitels. - Die luxemburgische Gesellschaft ist durch einen hohen Wohlstand, Migration und kulturelle Diversität, Mehrsprachigkeit und einen dynamischen, internationalen Arbeitsmarkt gekennzeichnet. - Der luxemburgische Wohlfahrtsstaat verfügt über ein gut ausgebautes Gesundheitswesen und ist durch ein hohes „Investment“ in Soziales und Gesundheit gekennzeichnet. - In den vergangenen Jahren ist in der luxemburgischen Bevölkerung ein starker Anstieg an hohen Bildungsabschlüssen zu verzeichnen. Dieser Trend zeigt sich besonders deutlich in den jüngeren Altersgruppen. - Der demografische Wandel schreitet in Luxemburg langsamer voran als in vielen anderen Nachbarländern, der Anteil Jugendlicher an der Gesamtbevölkerung ist vergleichsweise hoch. - In Luxemburg existiert ein hoher allgemeiner Lebensstandard, allerdings sind Einkommen ungleich verteilt, die Lebenshaltungskosten (vor allem die Wohnkosten) sind hoch und das Armutsrisiko für unterschiedliche Gruppen, insbesondere auch für Jugendliche, ist hoch. - Die Jugendarbeitslosigkeit ist im Verhältnis zur allgemeinen Arbeitslosigkeit stärker ausgeprägt. - In der Folge von Covid-19 hat sich die wirtschaftliche Lage verschlechtert und die Jugendarbeitslosigkeit ist angestiegen.

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See detailPredictors of Problematic Social Media Use in a Nationally Representative Sample of Adolescents in Luxembourg
van Duin, Claire; Heinz, Andreas; Willems, Helmut Erich

in International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (2021), 18(22),

Social media use has increased substantially over the past decades, especially among adolescents. A proportion of adolescents develop a pattern of problematic social media use (PSMU). Predictors of PSMU are insufficiently understood and researched. This study aims to investigate predictors of PSMU in a nationally representative sample of adolescents in Luxembourg. Data from the Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) study in Luxembourg were used, in which 8687 students aged 11–18 years old participated. The data were analyzed using hierarchical multiple regression. A range of sociodemographic, social support, well-being and media use predictors were added to the model in four blocks. The predictors in the final model explained 22.3% of the variance in PSMU. The block of sociodemographic predictors explained the lowest proportion of variance in PSMU compared with the other blocks. Age negatively predicted PSMU. Of the predictors related to social support, cyberbullying perpetration was the strongest predictor of PSMU. Perceived stress and psychosomatic complaints positively predicted PSMU. The intensity of electronic media communication and preference for online social interaction were stronger predictors of PSMU than the other predictors in the model. The results indicate that prevention efforts need to consider the diverse range of predictors related to PSMU.

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See detailWie Experten über das Wohlbefinden und die Gesundheit Jugendlicher diskutieren
Biewers, Sandra; Meyers, Christiane

in Samuel, Robin; Willems, Helmut Erich (Eds.) Wohlbefinden und Gesundheit von Jugendlichen in Luxemburg (2021)

Im Zentrum dieses Kapitels stehen zentrale Aspekte der fachlichen Diskurse von Experten zu Gesundheit und Wohlbefinden von Jugendlichen in den jugendrelevanten Feldern Luxemburgs. - Das Wohlbefinden und die Gesundheit von Jugendlichen werden in den Fachdiskursen meist vor dem Hintergrund aktueller gesellschaftlicher Entwicklungen (z.B. steigendem Leistungsdruck, Digitalisierung) einerseits und der Verfügbarkeit von familiären und strukturellen Ressourcen andererseits thematisiert. - Die Förderung der psychischen Gesundheit und des Wohlbefindens von Jugendlichen erfährt eine zunehmende Resonanz in den luxemburgischen Fachdiskursen. - Stresssymptome und psychosoziale Belastungen werden als „neue Zivilisationskrankheiten“ charakterisiert, die immer mehr junge Menschen betreffen; Aspekte körperlicher Gesundheit werden seltener thematisiert. - Ansätze einer ebenen- und feldübergreifenden Vernetzung der Bereiche und Dienste im Sinne einer ganzheitlichen, jugendzentrierten Förderung befinden sich ebenfalls im Aufwind. - Das Paradigma „Kinder und Jugendliche im Mittelpunkt“ hat sich feldübergreifend als Handlungsmaxime durchgesetzt. - Verwirklichungs- und Mitgestaltungschancen für Jugendliche werden als wichtige, aktivierende Maßnahmen zur Förderung von Wohlbefinden und Gesundheit diskutiert. Dieser Diskurs findet derzeit noch stärker in nonformalen Settings statt, in denen umfangreichere Partizipationsmöglichkeiten angeboten werden können.

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See detailGlossar
Meyer, Thomas; Schembri, Emanuel; Willems, Helmut Erich

in Samuel, Robin; Willems, Helmut Erich (Eds.) Wohlbefinden und Gesundheit von Jugendlichen in Luxemburg (2021)

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See detailWohlbefinden und Gesundheit von Jugendlichen in Luxemburg
Samuel, Robin; Willems, Helmut Erich

Book published by Ministère de l‘Éducation nationale, de l‘Enfance et de la Jeunesse & Université du Luxembourg (2021)

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See detailSeminar : Spiritualität für freie Geister
Weber, Jean-Marie; Meyers, Christiane; Weis, Marc

Speeches/Talks (2021)

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See detailEDYPOLU Recruiter Survey. Scientific Use File. Data Documentation.
Gutfleisch, Tamara; Samuel, Robin

Report (2021)

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See detailOrientierungen im luxemburgischen Schulsystem.
Lenz, Thomas; Backes, Susanne; Heinz, Andreas

in LUCET; SCRIPT (Eds.) Nationaler Bildungsbericht Luxemburg 2021. (2021)

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See detailOrientations dans le système scolaire luxembourgeois.
Lenz, Thomas; Backes, Susanne; Heinz, Andreas

in SCRIPT; LUCET (Eds.) Rapport national sur l’éducation au Luxembourg 2021 (2021)

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See detailThe application of factorial surveys to study recruiters’ hiring intentions: comparing designs based on hypothetical and real vacancies
Gutfleisch, Tamara; Samuel, Robin; Sacchi, Stefan

in Quality & Quantity (2021), 55

Factorial survey experiments have been widely used to study recruiters’ hiring intentions. Respondents are asked to evaluate hypothetical applicant descriptions, which are experimentally manipulated, for hypothetical job descriptions. However, this methodology has been criticized for putting respondents in hypothetical situations that often only partially correspond to real-life hiring situations. It has been proposed that this criticism can be overcome by sampling real-world vacancies and the recruiters responsible for filling them. In such an approach, only the applicants’ descriptions are hypothetical; respondents are asked about a real hiring problem, which might increase internal and external validity. In this study, we test whether using real vacancies triggers more valid judgments compared to designs based on hypothetical vacancies. The growing number of factorial survey experiments conducted in employer studies makes addressing this question relevant, both for methodological and practical reasons. However, despite the potential implications for the validity of data, it has been neglected so far. We conducted a factorial survey experiment in Luxembourg, in which respondents evaluated hypothetical applicants referring either to a currently vacant position in their company or to a hypothetical job. Overall, we found little evidence for differences in responses by the design of the survey experiment. However, the use of real vacancies might prove beneficial depending on the research interest. We hope that our comparison of designs using real and hypothetical vacancies contributes to the emerging methodological inquiry on the possibilities and limits of using factorial survey experiments in research on hiring.

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See detailWhat is problematic about binary questions on gender in health surveys – a missing answer analysis
Heinz, Andreas; Költő, András; Godeau, Emmanuelle; Ehlinger, Virginie; van Duin, Claire; Catunda, Carolina; Willems, Helmut Erich

in Cogent Medicine (2020, December 04)

Background: In many studies, participants who do not state their gender are excluded from the analysis. This may be appropriate if they do not answer the questionnaire seriously. However, some participants may have understandable reasons for not reporting their gender, e.g. questioning their gender identity. Research question: How many students and which students do not answer the question on gender? Methods: We analyzed data of the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study from Ireland, France, Hungary, Scotland, Belgium (Flemish) and Luxembourg (n = 40,053). To explore the reasons for non-response, we divided the participants into 3 groups: 1. Responders answered both socio- demographic questions (age and gender) 2. age non-responders did not answer the question on age. 3. Gender non-responders answered the question on age, but not the one on gender. Results: 311 out of 40,053 (0.8%) pupils aged 11–18 did not report their gender. About 40% of them did not answer the age question either. However, the other 60% belong to the group of gender non-responders and this group is disadvantaged compared to responders: they report lower self-rated health, more health complaints, less family support and more substance use (alcohol, tobacco, cannabis). 1.9% of pupils did not answer the question about age. These age non-responders answered the questionnaire more selectively overall and skipped more questions. Conclusion: The data suggest that the reasons for age non-response and gender non-response are different. For age non-responders, the fear of de-anonymization seems to be the reason for not indicating their age. Not answering the question on gender is rare. If the participants answered the question on age, but not the question on gender, then the variable gender is missing not at random. The health problems of gender non-responders correspond to the health problems of gender non-conforming adolescents. Thus, the question arises if the group of gender non-responders should be included in the analysis and if the question on gender should be asked differently in the future

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See detailMeasuring sex and gender identity in a cross-national adolescent population survey: Perspectives of adolescent health experts from 44 countries
Költő, András; Heinz, Andreas; Moreno-Maldonado, Concepcion; Cosma, Alina; Piper, Adele; Saewyc, Elizabeth M.; Nic Gabhainn, Saoirse

in Cogent Medicine (2020, December 04)

Introduction: The Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) is a World Health Organization collaborative cross-cultural study of adolescents aged 11–15 years, from 50 countries and regions in Europe, North America and the former Soviet republics. Since 1983 (the first survey round), the sex/gender of the respondents have been categorised with the question “Are you a boy or a girl?”, the response options being “a boy” and “a girl”. In the light of lived experiences of young people and contemporary theoretical and empirical approaches to the measurement of sex assigned birth and gender identity, this item is contested.Research Questions: What are HBSC National Research Teams’ experiences with using this item? What is their position on any potential change or amendment of the item? Have they already made any changes? Do they see potential drawbacks and benefits in changing the item? Method: In Summer 2019, an online survey was conducted with HBSC National Teams, to under-stand member countries’ position on the measurement of sex and gender in the HBSC survey. Results: Of the 50 research teams, 44 responded to the online questionnaire. Opinions on potential changes or amendments of the item were polarised, with 19 teams (43%) not supporting any changes, 15 teams (34%) agreeing with a change, and 10 teams (23%) indicating they don’t know or not sure if changes are necessary. Various arguments were raised for and against any changes or amendments. Six national teams already implemented a change, by adding a third response option, replacing the item, or using additional items. Conclusions: The results demonstrate that the issue of sex and gender in HBSC needs to be addressed, but methodological, political and cultural implications need to be considered. The complexity of this problem makes it impossible to suggest a “one-size-fits-all” solution.

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See detailThe health, well-being and life satisfaction of young people in Luxembourg before the COVID-19 pandemic and during deconfinement
Residori, Caroline; Schomaker, Léa; Samuel, Robin

Scientific Conference (2020, November 10)

Background: During 2020, most aspects of young people’s lives have been altered by the COVID-19 pandemic and the measures being implemented to contain it. Early studies on the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic suggest that confinement (so-called “lockdowns”) affect health, well-being and life satisfaction. However, the current situation in many countries is not confinement but prolonged deconfinement with less strict but still considerable measures and recommendations. Objectives: The possible effects of this deconfinement on the health, well-being and life satisfaction of young people is the focus of this oral presentation, which is based on the YAC-Young Adults and COVID-19 study (see Residori et al., 2020). Methods: The study relies on data collected from a random sample of residents of Luxembourg for the Youth Survey Luxembourg in Mai-July 2019 (age-range: 16-29, n=2.800) and in July 2020 (age-range: 12-29, n=3768, preliminary data). The data was gathered via online survey and using the same items as the HBSC study (self-rated health, life satisfaction (Cantril ladder) and the WHO-5 Well-being Index) (Sozio et al., 2020). Results: The cross-sectional comparison of this representative data, explores the health, wellbeing and life satisfaction of young people in Luxembourg before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. The results are presented for the overall population and detailed by socio-demographic groups. For the 12-15-year-olds, the observed proportion reporting a low life satisfaction (<6) was, for example, 31.3% in 2020. This proportion has increased from 19.9% in 2019 to 25.5 % in 2020 for the 16-20-year-olds, from 23.9% to 35.3 % for the 21-25-year-olds and from 20.2% to 32.8% for the 26-29-year-olds. Conclusion: The presentation will conclude on a reflection of the links between the observed differences and the measures implemented to during deconfinement as well as the scientific and political relevance of the observed differences for Luxembourg and other countries. Literature: Residori, Caroline; Sozio, Maria E.; Schomaker, Lea; Samuel, Robin (2020): YAC – Young People and COVID-19. Preliminary Results of a Representative Survey of Adolescents and Young Adults in Luxembourg. University of Luxembourg: Esch-sur-Alzette Sozio, M., Procopio, A., & Samuel, R. (2020). Youth Survey Luxembourg – Technical Report 2019. Esch-sur-Alzette: University of Luxembourg.

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See detailYAC – Young People and COVID-19
Residori, Caroline; Schomaker, Léa; Samuel, Robin

Speeches/Talks (2020)

Presentation of the first results from the "Young People and COVID-19 (YAC)" study, combining results from an representative online survey and in-depth interviews

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See detailExploring inclusion in Erasmus+ Youth in Action. Effects of social inequalities on learning outcomes: Research report
Meyers, Christiane; Mayerl, Martin; Fennes, Helmut

Report (2020)

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See detailIs It Origin, Destination or Mobility? A Monte Carlo Simulation of the Diagonal Reference Model
Procopio, Alessandro; Samuel, Robin

Presentation (2020, August 27)

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See detailThe application of factorial surveys to study recruiters’ hiring intentions: comparing designs based on hypothetical and real vacancies
Gutfleisch, Tamara Rebecca; Samuel, Robin; Sacchi, Stefan

in Quality and Quantity (2020)

Factorial survey experiments have been widely used to study recruiters’ hiring intentions. Respondents are asked to evaluate hypothetical applicant descriptions, which are experimentally manipulated, for hypothetical job descriptions. However, this methodology has been criticized for putting respondents in hypothetical situations that often only partially correspond to real-life hiring situations. It has been proposed that this criticism can be overcome by sampling real-world vacancies and the recruiters responsible for filling them. In such an approach, only the applicants’ descriptions are hypothetical; respondents are asked about a real hiring problem, which might increase internal and external validity. In this study, we test whether using real vacancies triggers more valid judgments compared to designs based on hypothetical vacancies. The growing number of factorial survey experiments conducted in employer studies makes addressing this question relevant, both for methodological and practical reasons. However, despite the potential implications for the validity of data, it has been neglected so far.We conducted a factorial survey experiment in Luxembourg, in which respondents evaluated hypothetical applicants referring either to a currently vacant position in their company or to a hypothetical job. Overall, we found little evidence for differences in responses by the design of the survey experiment. However, the use of real vacancies might prove beneficial depending on the research interest.We hope that our comparison of designs using real and hypothetical vacancies contributes to the emerging methodological inquiry on the possibilities and limits of using factorial survey experiments in research on hiring.

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See detailIntersectionality and Adolescent Mental Well-being: A Cross-Nationally Comparative Analysis of the Interplay Between Immigration Background, Socioeconomic Status and Gender
Kern, Matthias Robert; Duinhof, Elisa L.; Walsh, Sophie D.; Cosma, Alina; Moreno-Maldonado, Concepción; Molcho, Michal; Currie, Candace; Stevens, Gonneke W. J. M.

in Journal of Adolescent Health (2020), 66(6), 12-20

Purpose: Intersectionality theory highlights the importance of the interplay of multiple social group memberships in shaping individual mental well-being. This article investigates elements of adolescent mental well-being (life dissatisfaction and psychosomatic complaints) from an intersectional perspective. It tests mental well-being consequences of membership in combinations of multiple social groups and examines to what extent such intersectional effects depend on the national context (immigration and integration policies, national-level income, and gender equality). Methods: Using Multilevel Analysis of Individual Heterogeneity and Discriminatory Accuracy, we assessed the role of the national context in shaping the interplay between immigration background, socioeconomic status, and gender, using data from 33 countries from the 2017/2018 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children survey. Results: We found no uniform intersectionality effects across all countries. However, when allowing the interplay to vary by national context, results did point toward some intersectional effects. Some aggravated negative effects were found for members of multiple disadvantaged social groups in countries with low levels of income equality and restrictive migration policies, whereas enhanced positive effects were found for members of multiple advantaged groups in these countries. Similarly, mitigated negative effects of membership in multiple disadvantaged groups were shown in countries with higher levels of income equality and more inclusive migration policies, whereas mitigated positive effects were found for multiply advantaged individuals. Although for national-level gender equality results pointed in a similar direction, girls’ scores were counterintuitive. High national-level gender equality disproportionately benefitted groups of disadvantaged boys, whereas advantaged girls were doing worse than expected, and reversed effects were found for countries with low gender equality. Conclusions: To fully understand social inequalities in adolescent mental well-being, the interplay between individual-level and national-level indicators must be explored.

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See detailTrends from 2006-2018 in Health, Health Behaviour, Health Outcomes and Social Context of Adolescents in Luxembourg
Heinz, Andreas; van Duin, Claire; Kern, Matthias Robert; Catunda, Carolina; Willems, Helmut

Report (2020)

This report shows how 30 health indicators developed in the four Luxembourg HBSC surveys conducted in 2006, 2010, 2014 and 2018. There were positive trends especially in the health behaviour of the pupils: they smoke less and drink less alcohol. They also report more frequently that they brush their teeth regularly, eat more fruit and fewer sweets and consume fewer soft drinks. From 2006-2018, however, there were also deteriorations. For example, more pupils feel stressed from school and rate the climate among classmates worse. In addition, there are more pupils who are overweight and exercise less and more pupils report having psychosomatic health complaints.

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See detailSuicidal Behaviour in Youth in Luxembourg - Findings from the HBSC 2014 Luxembourg Study
Catunda, Carolina; van Duin, Claire; Heinz, Andreas; Willems, Helmut

Report (2020)

Suicide is one of the leading causes of death among young people worldwide. In order to prevent suicides, early identification of groups at risk is needed. In the Luxembourgish HBSC study, data on suicidal behaviours among adolescents were collected in 2006, 2010 and 2014. These can be used to identify suicide risk factors and to develop comprehensive suicide prevention programs. In Luxembourg, the suicide rate has fluctuated around 15 deaths per 100 000 inhabitants per year, for more than ten years. In the period 2006 – 2016, 20 deaths were registered as suicide in the age group of 10 to 19-year-olds. These suicides represent approximately 19% of all deaths registered in this age group. In the Luxembourgish HBSC study conducted in 2014, 875 adolescents indicated to have contemplated suicide in the last 12 months, which amounts to 15.1% of the adolescents in the study. In the same year, 811 adolescents (14.0%) indicated to have made a suicide plan in the last 12 months, and 448 adolescents (7.7%) to have attempted suicide (at least once) in the last year. In first instance, bivariate logistic regressions analyses were conducted for 24 independent variables with three suicidal behaviours (contemplation of suicide, planning of suicide and suicide attempt) and sadness as dependent variables in order to identify potential risk factors. These risk factors were further tested in multivariate logistic regressions, in order to make a statement about the relevance of these factors for suicidal behaviour of adolescents in Luxembourg, while taking into account the dependence between the risk factors. Results from multivariate logistic regressions indicate that subjective health complaints are the most important risk factor for suicidal behaviour. Adolescents who have recurrent multiple health complaints are at higher risk for suicidal behaviour than adolescents who do not have health complaints. Life satisfaction is the second most important risk factor for suicidal behaviour. Adolescents with lower levels of life satisfaction are at higher risk for suicidal behaviour than adolescents who have higher levels of life satisfaction. Gender-specific analyses show that the risk factors differ between girls and boys for suicidal behaviour.

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See detailCross-National Time Trends in Adolescent Mental Well-Being From 2002 to 2018 and the Explanatory Role of Schoolwork Pressure
Cosma, Alina; Stevens, Gonneke; Martin, Gina; Duinhof, Elisa L; Walsh, Sophie D; Garcia-Moya, Irene; Kolto, Andras; Gobina, Inese; Canale, Natale; Catunda, Carolina; Inchley, Jo; de Looze, Margaretha

in Journal of Adolescent Health (2020), 66

Purpose: Previous research has shown inconsistent time trends in adolescent mental well-being, but potential underlying mechanisms for such trends are yet to be examined. This study investigates cross-national time trends in adolescent mental well-being (psychosomatic health complaints and life satisfaction) in mainly European countries and the extent to which time trends in schoolwork pressure explain these trends. Methods: Data from 915,054 adolescents from 36 countries (50.8% girls; meanage ¼ 13.54; standard deviationage ¼ 1.63) across five Health Behaviour in School-aged Children surveys (2002, 2006, 2010, 2014, and 2018) were included in the analyses. Hierarchical multilevel models estimated cross-national trends in adolescent mental well-being and schoolwork pressure. We also tested whether schoolwork pressure could explain these trends in mental well-being. Results: A small linear increase over time in psychosomatic complaints and schoolwork pressure was found. No change in life satisfaction emerged. Furthermore, there was large cross-country variation in the prevalence of, and trends over time in, adolescent mental well-being and schoolwork pressure. Overall, declines in well-being and increases in schoolwork pressure were apparent in the higher income countries. Across countries, the small increase in schoolwork pressure over time partly explained the decline in psychosomatic health complaints. Conclusions: Our findings do not provide evidence for substantial declines in mental well-being among adolescents. Yet, the small declines in mental well-being and increases in schoolwork pressure appear to be quite consistent across high-income countries. This calls for the attention of public health professionals and policy-makers. Country differences in trends in both adolescent mental well-being outcomes and schoolwork pressure were considerable, which requires caution regarding the cross-national generalization of national trends.

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See detailSchool-Class Co-Ethnic and Immigrant Density and Current Smoking among Immigrant Adolescents
Kern, Matthias Robert; Heinz, Andreas; Willems, Helmut

in International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (2020), 17(2),

Although the school-class is known to be an important setting for adolescent risk behavior, little is known about how the ethnic composition of a school-class impacts substance use among pupils with a migration background. Moreover, the few existing studies do not distinguish between co-ethnic density (i.e., the share of immigrants belonging to one’s own ethnic group) and immigrant density (the share of all immigrants). This is all the more surprising since a high co-ethnic density can be expected to protect against substance use by increasing levels of social support and decreasing acculturative stress, whereas a high immigrant density can be expected to do the opposite by facilitating inter-ethnic conflict and identity threat. This study analyses how co-ethnic density and immigrant density are correlated with smoking among pupils of Portuguese origin in Luxembourg. A multi-level analysis is used to analyze data from the Luxembourg Health Behavior in School-Aged Children study (N = 4268 pupils from 283 classes). High levels of co-ethnic density reduced current smoking. In contrast, high levels of immigrant density increased it. Thus, in research on the health of migrants, the distinction between co-ethnic density and immigrant density should be taken into account, as both may have opposite effects.

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See detailSuicide Prevention: Using the Number of Health Complaints as an Indirect Alternative for Screening Suicidal Adolescents
Heinz, Andreas; Catunda, Carolina; van Duin, Claire; Willems, Helmut

in Journal of Affective Disorders (2020), 260

Background: Suicide is the second leading cause of death in adolescents. Screening for persons at risk usually includes asking about suicidal ideation, which is considered inappropriate in some societies and situations. To avoid directly addressing suicide, this paper investigates whether the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children Symptom Checklist (HBSC-SCL), a validated non-clinical measure of eight subjective health complaints (e.g. headache, feeling low), could be used as a tool for screening suicidal ideation and behavior in adolescents. Methods: 5262 secondary school students aged 12-18 answered the Luxembourgish HBSC 2014 survey, including the HBSC-SCL items and suicidal ideation and behavior questions. Results: Each HBSC-SCL item correlates with suicidal ideation and behavior. A sum score was calculated ranging from zero to eight health complaints to predict respondents who considered suicide (area under the ROC curve = .770). The ideal cut-off for screening students who consider suicide is three or more health complaints: sensitivity is 66.3%, specificity is 75.9% and positive predictive value is 32.9%. Limitations: One limitation is HBSC-SCL's low positive predictive value. This is a general problem of screening rare events: the lower the prevalence, the lower the positive predictive value. Sensitivity and specificity could be improved by taking age-, gender- and country-specific cut-off values, but such refinements would make the score calculation more complicated. Conclusions: The HBSC-SCL is short, easy to use, with satisfactory screening properties. The checklist can be used when suicide cannot be addressed directly, and also in a more general context, e.g. by school nurses when screening adolescents.

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See detailPatterns of health related gender inequalities – a cluster analysis of 45 countries
Heinz, Andreas; Catunda, Carolina; van Duin, Claire; Torsheim, Torbjørn; Willems, Helmut Erich

in Journal of Adolescent Health (2020), 66(6S), 29-39

Purpose: The paper explores gender inequalities between 45 countries across 10 health indicators among adolescents and whether those differences in health correlate with gender inequality in general. Methods: Data from 71,942 students aged 15 years from 45 countries who participated in the 2018 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children survey were analyzed. For this purpose, 10 indicators were selected, representing a broad spectrum of health outcomes. The gender differences in the countries were first presented using odds ratios. Countries with similar risk profiles were grouped together using cluster analyses. For each of the 10 indicators, the correlation with the Gender Inequality Index was examined. Results: The cluster analysis reveals systematic gender inequalities, as the countries can be divided into seven distinct groups with similar gender inequality patterns. For eight of the 10 health indicators, there is a negative correlation with the Gender Inequality Index: the greater the gender equality in a country, the higher the odds that girls feel fat, have low support from families, have low life satisfaction, have multiple health complaints, smoke, drink alcohol, feel school pressure, and are overweight compared with boys. Four indicators show a divergence: the higher the gender equality in a country in general, the larger the differences between boys and girls regarding life satisfaction, school pressure, multiple health complaints, and feeling fat. Conclusions: Countries that are geographically and historically linked are similar in terms of the health risks for boys and girls. The results challenge the assumption that greater gender equality is always associated with greater health equality.

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See detailThe influence of well-being, social support, media use and sociodemographic factors on problematic social media sue among Luxembourgish adolescents
van Duin, Claire; Heinz, Andreas; Willems, Helmut Erich

in Cogent Medicine (2020), 7(1),

Background: Adolescents spend an increasing amount of time communicating online. Previous research has indicated that electronic media communication has been associated with positive outcomes on adolescent well-being and development, however, problematic social media use is on the rise. This study investigates factors that influence problematic social media use (PSMU), based on previous empirical research and the Differential Susceptibility to Media Effects Model by Valkenburg and Peter (2013). Methods: The data used in this study stems from the 2018 Health Behaviour for School-aged Children (HBSC) study in Luxembourg. Data from elementary and secondary school students aged 11 to 18 was used (N = 6164), which was collected through a written survey. A four-stage hierarchical multiple regression analysis was conducted using SPSS, with problematic social media use as the dependent variable. 14 independent variables were included in the model, added in four blocks: sociodemographic factors, social support factors, well-being factors and media use factors.Results: The results indicate that in stage one of the hierarchical regression, the sociodemographic predictors accounted for 3% of the variation in problematic social media use. The addition of the social support factors to the model in stage two explained an additional 7% of the variation in problematic social media use, and the addition of the well-being factors in stage three an additional 5.3%. In stage four of the hierarchical regression media use factors were added to the model, and the four blocks of predictors accounted for 22.2% of the variation in problematic social media use (Adjusted R2 = 0.222). The most important predictors for problematic social media use were preference for online social interaction (β = 0.205, p < .001), the intensity of electronic media communication (β = 0.155, p < .001), psychosomatic complaints (β = 0.136, p < .001), perceived stress (β = 0.122, p < .001) and cyberbullying perpetration (β = 0.117, p < .001). Conclusions: The block of sociodemographic factors contributed minimally to the explanation of the variance in problematic social media use in the model. The most important predictors for problematic social media use were preference for online social interaction, the intensity of electronic media communication, psychosomatic complaints, perceived stress and cyberbullying perpetration. This suggests that there are several starting points for the prevention of problematic social media use among adolescents.

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See detailYAC – Young People and COVID-19. Preliminary Results of a Representative Survey of Adolescents and Young Adults in Luxembourg
Residori, Caroline; Sozio, Maria Eugenia; Schomaker, Léa; Samuel, Robin

Report (2020)

Overall, the preliminary results of the representative survey of adolescents and young adults in Luxembourg paint a complex picture. In general, young people seem to be aware of their responsibility to contain the coronavirus. The majority have the necessary information and opportunities to act in a way that reflects this responsibility. There are suggestions of negative impacts stemming from COVID-19 and measures to combat COVID-19, but these do not appear to be the prevailing dynamic at the time of completing the survey. However, it is likely that negative effects will increase the longer the COVID-19 pandemic lasts and the more individual and social resources are depleted. There are already detectable beginnings of sociodemographic and socioeconomic differences in how people are coping with the COVID-19 pandemic. It is therefore important to continue to provide young people with support for mastering the transition between childhood and adulthood despite COVID-19 and to responsibly provide them with the opportunities and spaces this requires. This process must pay particular attention to inequalities that are developing and being reinforced.

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See detailYAC – Young People and COVID-19: Key data of the Preliminary Results of a Representative Survey of Adolescents and Young Adults in Luxembourg
Schomaker, Léa; Residori, Caroline; Sozio, E. Maria; Samuel, Robin

Report (2020)

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See detailYouth Survey Luxembourg – Technical Report 2019
Sozio, Maria Eugenia; Procopio, Alessandro; Samuel, Robin

Report (2020)

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See detailYouth Survey Luxembourg – Technical Report 2019
Sozio, Maria Eugenia; Procopio, Alessandro; Samuel, Robin

Report (2020)

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See detail“What's a normal weight?” – Origin and receiving country influences on weight-status assessment among 1.5 and 2nd generation immigrant adolescents in Europe
Kern, Matthias Robert; Heinz, Andreas; Stevens, Gonneke W.J.M.; Walsh, Sophie D.; Willems, Helmut Erich

in Social Science and Medicine (2020)

Many adolescents struggle with adequately assessing their weight-status, often leading to unnecessary weight-related interventions or preventing necessary ones. The prevalence of weight-status over- and underestimation differs considerably cross-nationally, suggesting that individual weight-status assessment is informed by cross-nationally differing standards of evaluation. For adolescents with a migration background, this brings up the possibility of a simultaneous influence of origin- and receiving country standards. The current study examines the magnitude of both influences using data from the 2014 Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children study. The cross-national design of the study enabled us to aggregate weight-evaluation standards for 41, primarily European, countries. Subsequently, we identified a sample of 8 124 adolescents with a migration background whose origin as well as receiving country participated in the study. Among those adolescents, we assessed the effects of origin and receiving country weight-evaluation standards using cross-classified multilevel regression analyses. Descriptive analyses revealed considerable differences in weight-evaluation standards between the countries. Regression analyses showed that both origin- and receiving country weight-evaluation standards were significantly associated cross-sectionally with weight-status assessment among the immigrant adolescents, with a stronger impact of receiving country standards. Results illustrate the context-sensitivity of adolescent weight-status assessment and reinforce the theoretical notion that immigrant adolescent development is not only informed by factors pertaining to their receiving country but also, albeit to a lesser extent, by those pertaining to their origin country.

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See detailValuing Creativity, Feeling Overworked and Working Hours: Male Workers and the New Spirit of Capitalism
Samuel, Robin; Kanji, Shireen

in Time & Society (2020), 29(1), 51-73

Boltanski and Chiapello argued that creativity is a required attribute of managers emanating from the ideology of the ‘New Spirit of Capitalism’. Ideology provides the justification for work practices and brings material consequences in relation to the experience of time. This article explores both the ideology and the links between the ideological and the experience of time by assessing whether male managers prioritise creativity and whether this is related to their working hours, driving them to work longer hours than other workers and longer hours than they actually want. Men’s dominant position in work organisations puts them at the centre of this exploration. Using multilevel logistic and linear models on 2010 data from the European Social Survey (N = 7049), we show that male managers prioritise creativity more than other workers do. There are consequences for the experience of time as valuing creativity in combination with being a manager increases working hours above the large and significant effect of being a manager. The feeling of overwork is raised independently for those who value creativity and for those who are managers.

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See detailNegative life events, self-efficacy, and social support: Risk and protective factors for school dropout intentions and dropout
Samuel, Robin; Burger, Kaspar

in Journal of Educational Psychology (2020), 112(5), 973-986

Prior studies have noted several risk and protective factors for school dropout; however, only a few have examined longer-term vulnerabilities alongside temporary risk and protective factors. Consequently, we focused on the role that both stable and time-varying psychosocial risk and protective factors play in dropout intentions and actual dropout, using a 4-year longitudinal design. We investigated to what extent dropout intentions and dropout can be predicted by an interplay between negative life events, general self-efficacy, and perceived social support. We distinguished between time-averaged levels of self-efficacy and social support, and within-person change in self-efficacy and social support over time. This enabled us to establish whether dropout intentions and dropout were sensitive to fluctuations in perceived self-efficacy and social support over time when controlling for person-specific levels of these psychosocial resources. Calculating multilevel models with data from a prospective cohort study (N = 4,956, 43% male), we found that negative life events were significantly associated with an increase in dropout intentions and the likelihood of school dropout. Furthermore, time-averaged levels of self-efficacy and social support, and a within-person (situational) increase in these characteristics relative to their time-averaged levels, were related to lower levels of dropout intentions but did not prevent dropout. The positive relationship between negative life events and dropout intentions was attenuated for individuals who perceived higher levels of self-efficacy than usual. Our findings suggest future research should further investigate time-averaged and situational psychosocial drivers of school dropout in combination.

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See detailThe influence of socio-economic status on the risk of being overweight or underweight in adolescents in Luxembourg
Residori, Caroline

Doctoral thesis (2019)

Factors indicating risks for future health and processes pertaining to the development of illnesses have come into the focus of social research. Ecological human development models and life course approaches to illness and health provide a theoretical understanding of the fundamental causes of ill health and the different spheres, which influence health. The sociological understanding of the stratification of society by (socio-economic) status constitutes the theoretical backdrop for understanding uneven distributions of health resources and health strains. Socio-economic health inequalities are observed in many countries including very wealthy countries such as Luxembourg. Social-psychological perspectives on processes of social cognition and social comparison in combination with theories on collective health lifestyles and beliefs highlight the processes through which social stratification is embodied into health inequalities, even in wealthy contexts. The theoretical model of the pathways through which socio-economic status influences health that underlies this thesis draws on all of the aforementioned disciplinary perspectives. Differentiating between objective and subjective conceptions of socio-economic status seems particularly important in wealthy contexts and is therefore also part of the theoretical model that underlies this thesis. As foundations for adult health and illness are laid during childhood and youth, socio-economic inequalities during these life phases can be all the more consequential and it is crucial to investigate and understand them thoroughly. While results on socio-economic health inequalities from empirical studies for childhood and adulthood are consistent across different health domains, results for adolescence are less consistent and vary for different health domains, different conceptions of socio-economic status and different national and regional contexts. Considering the lack of studies and literature on socio-economic health inequalities among adolescents in Luxembourg and using overweight and underweight as examples, this thesis empirically investigates socio-economic health inequalities among adolescents in Luxembourg. The 5 research questions of this thesis focus on the prevalence of overweight and underweight, the influence of socio-economic status on them, the distinct influences of objective and subjective socio-economic status on overweight and underweight, the influence of socio-economic status on additional weight-related health concerns and the relations between health relevant factors and socio-economic status. The method used for the empirical investigation is a statistical analysis of data collected in Luxembourg in the context of the Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) study between 2006 and 2014. Descriptive statistical analyses are used for the presentation of the epidemiology of overweight and underweight, while logistic regression and hierarchical logistic regression are used for the analysis of the influence of socio-economic status on overweight, underweight, weight-related health concerns and health relevant factors. The results of the statistical analysis and their interpretation reveal that overweight and underweight are equally crucial health concerns as both affects around 14% of adolescents in Luxembourg. An inverse relation between socio-economic status and overweight and underweight is observed. An increase in socio-economic status is on one hand associated with a decrease in the risk of being overweight, but on the other hand, it is associated with an increase in the risk of being underweight. The influences of objective and subjective socio-economic status on overweight and three health relevant factors are confirmed to be distinct and independent from each other. The differentiation between objective and subjective socio-economic status is thus relevant for health inequalities among adolescents in Luxembourg. The relations between socio-economic status and the weight-related health concerns body image and weight reduction behaviour are opposite in direction when the effects of overweight and underweight are held constant in the models. Although an increase in socio-economic status is associated with a decrease in the risk of having a negative body image, it is also associated with an increase in the risk of engaging in weight reduction behaviour among adolescents in Luxembourg. One psycho-social and five behavioural health relevant factors are related to overweight and these relations tie in with the theoretical model. The statistical relations observed between health relevant factors and underweight are more complex and need further empirical and theoretical investigation. Based on the discussed results, this thesis concludes that the theoretical model aids the understanding of health inequalities among adolescents in Luxembourg, but applies differently to different health concerns and needs to take potential inverse effects of socio-economic status into account. This thesis contributes to the scientific knowledge through the identification of underweight as an important health concern among adolescents in wealthy countries and through the confirmation of the relevance of the differentiation between objective and subjective socio-economic status for health inequalities in adolescents. The implications of the results for policy and prevention should be an increased awareness of the need to target prevention programmes to specific risk groups and the need to take the risk of underweight into account by shifting the focus from the prevention of overweight to the encouragement of heathy behaviour.

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See detailEmployers’ hiring decisions in relation to young people in Luxembourg (EDYPOLU). Short report
Gutfleisch, Tamara Rebecca; Samuel, Robin

Report (2019)

In this report, we present a selection of preliminary descriptive results from the EDYPOLU research project funded by the University of Luxembourg (2017-2020). The research project examines the labour market for young people in Luxembourg with an interest in operational staffing needs, general human resource requirements and selection processes of recruiters. The main objective of the project is to identify possible obstacles for a successful entry into the labor market for young job seekers in Luxembourg by studying the general mechanisms in recruiters’ evaluation of young job candidates. To this end, we conducted an online survey among recruiters working in different occupational fields in Luxembourg between November 2018 and January 2019. A pilot study was conducted in spring 2018. The EDYPOLU recruiter survey builds on the Horizon 2020 project NEGOTIATE (https://negotiate-research.eu/). In the context of NEGOTIATE, a recruiter survey was conducted in four countries: Bulgaria, Greece, Norway, and Switzerland. EDYPOLU surveys a number of topics that have also been examined in NEGOTIATE. This makes it possible to draw some comparisons between the results of both studies.

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See detailAre Cox Regression Models a Valuable Tool for Social Stratification Research on Health? A Simulation Study.
Procopio, Alessandro; Samuel, Robin

Presentation (2019, July 17)

In our contribution, we assess the possibilities and limits of Cox regression models in social stratification research in the area of health. We are motivated by the need for a structured analytical strategy through which researchers can deal with health inequality. Previous findings suggest considering health as a relevant resource but also one, which is unequally distributed among the members of a population. Along these lines, we focus on the inequality of risks distribution and the social stratification of (non) access to health as a resource. Using the substantive example of health inequality, we perform five Monte Carlo simulations in constructed longitudinal data. Each setting simulates a different source of bias. Specifically: a) Measurement error (misspecification of time measurement); b) Linear dependency between class of origin, destination and mobility effects; c) Omitted variables bias; d) Disentangle of timing/probability effects, namely speed/overall occurrence likelihood of an event; and e) Unobserved heterogeneity among groups. The health-related risks approach in analysing health inequalities has a twofold advantage: a) it splits the health outcome in a true differential and in a stochastic component due to chance and b) it considers only the first – and in most cases more interesting part – as a source of inequality. Moreover, Cox regression models allow for a flexible parameterization conditional to the specific research settings. For instance, addition of frailty parameters to the regression equation can help social scientists to reduce unobserved heterogeneity. This problem is especially encountered in social stratification research when comparing logit transition probabilities. In summary, this study contributes to the current literature by demonstrating the flexibility of Cox regression models in social stratification research in the area of health. It further provides valuable analytic avenues for theory-driven empirical research in social scientific health research as it uncovers how various sources of bias affect estimates.

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See detailUnemployment Scarring and Gendered Occupations: Evidence from a Cross-Country Factorial Survey
Gutfleisch, Tamara Rebecca; Samuel, Robin

Presentation (2019, January 18)

The experience of early unemployment has been linked to a wide range of subsequent outcomes such as lower levels of well-being, lower wages and a host of other disadvantages in the labor market ("unemployment scarring"). As youth unemployment continues to be one of the main challenges of our time, it is important to anlayse the determinants affecting transitions to employment for young individuals. Empirical evidence from recent experimental studies emphasizes the long-neglected role of recruiters in the reintegration of individuals into the labor market. However, these studies rarely address potential gender differences in unemployment scarring by employing experimental designs that do not allow for extensive gender comparisons - potentially leaving important mechanisms behind recruiters' role in the reproduction of gender inequalities widely unexplored. Moreover, these studies differ in the context in which they were conducted making it difficult to draw conclusions regarding the extent to which unemployment might have different consequences for men and women. We extend the previous literature by examining how unemployment and gender interactively shape recruiters' evaluation of young applicants' hiring chances. Speci fically, we aim at addressing the shortcomings of previous research by comparing the hiring chances for young male and female jobseekers between different occupations and national contexts. Drawing on established labor market theories and social psychological theories about gendered role expectations and their impact on the evaluation of behavior ("role congruity theory"), we expect to find differences in unemployment scarring across gender. In particular, we expect that the gendered stereotypes associated with certain occupations affect recruiters' evaluation of unemployment for men and women. Recruiters might use unemployment as justifi cation to discriminate against workers when applying for gender-atypical jobs (e.g. women applying for traditionally and culturally male-typed jobs). On the other hand, recruiters might apply a more lenient standard towards the opposite-sex unemployed worker in order to overcompensate for the low share of e.g. women in male-typed jobs. To test our hypotheses, we use data from a large-scale factorial survey experiment among recruiters in four European countries and different occupational sectors. We focus on a male-typed and a female-typed occupational sector (mechanics and nursing, respectively) to explore the workings of gendered stereotypes. The multifactorial experimental design of the factorial survey allows us to compare different types of unemployment (timing and duration) and to hold unemployment orthogonal to other factors (e.g. education). Employing linear multilevel regression models, we fi nd, overall, heterogeneous scarring effects of unemployment across gender. Especially current unemployment spells seem to negatively affect the hiring chances for men applying for nursing jobs. Our preliminary findings constitute new evidence on gender differences in scarring due to unemployment. Moreover, they demonstrate that ignoring contextual factors in studying heterogeneous scarring effects across gender potentially leaves important mechanisms in recruiters' hiring decisions undetected. This study further contributes to the literature on transitions to employment as well as on gender inequalities in the labor market more generally by studying the demand-side mechanisms leading recruiters to discriminate against men and women in gendered-occupations.

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See detailAdolescent suicide behaviour profiles: comparing unplanned attempts, planned attempts and ideation
van Duin, Claire; Heinz, Andreas; Catunda, Carolina; Willems, Helmut

in European Journal of Public Health (2019)

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See detailUsing data from the HBSC study for evidence-based suicide prevention in Luxembourg
van Duin, Claire; Heinz, Andreas; Catunda, Carolina; Willems, Helmut

in European Journal of Public Health (2019), 29

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See detailLebenssituationen und Erfahrungen von lesbischen, schwulen, bisexuellen und trans* Jugendlichen in Luxemburg
Meyers, Christiane; Reiners, Diana; Samuel, Robin

Report (2019)

Diese von der Universität Luxemburg im Auftrag des Ministeriums für Bildung, Kinder und Jugend durchgeführte Studie ist explorativ angelegt. Mit einem Mixed-Methods-Ansatz wurden einerseits internationale Datenerhebungen zu Einstellungen der Gesamtbevölkerung und eine LGBT*-Befragung sekundär für Luxemburg ausgewertet. Zweitens wurde der politische und mediale Diskurs mittels einer qualitativen Dokumentenanalyse untersucht. Den dritten Teil bildet eine Analyse von qualitativen Interviews mit acht Jugendlichen (davon zwei trans* Personen), sowie sieben Expert_innen. Durch die geringe Fallzahl sind die vorgestellten Ergebnisse als Einblick in die Lebenssituationen, jedoch nicht als abschließende Gesamtuntersuchung der Situation von lesbischen, schwulen, bisexuellen und trans* Jugendlichen in Luxemburg einzuordnen.

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See detailNegative life events, self-efficacy, and social support: Risk and protective factors for school dropout intentions and dropout
Samuel, Robin; Burger, Kaspar

in Journal of Educational Psychology (2019)

Prior studies have noted several risk and protective factors for school dropout; however, only a few have examined longer-term vulnerabilities alongside temporary risk and protective factors. Consequently, we focused on the role that both stable and time-varying psychosocial risk and protective factors play in dropout intentions and actual dropout, using a 4-year longitudinal design. We investigated to what extent dropout intentions and dropout can be predicted by an interplay between negative life events, general self-efficacy, and perceived social support. We distinguished between time-averaged levels of self-efficacy and social support, and within-person change in self-efficacy and social support over time. This enabled us to establish whether dropout intentions and dropout were sensitive to fluctuations in perceived self-efficacy and social support over time when controlling for person-specific levels of these psychosocial resources. Calculating multilevel models with data from a prospective cohort study (N = 4,956, 43 male), we found that negative life events were significantly associated with an increase in dropout intentions and the likelihood of school dropout. Furthermore, time-averaged levels of self-efficacy and social support, and a within-person (situational) increase in these characteristics relative to their time-averaged levels, were related to lower levels of dropout intentions but did not prevent dropout. The positive relationship between negative life events and dropout intentions was attenuated for individuals who perceived higher levels of self-efficacy than usual. Our findings suggest future research should further investigate time-averaged and situational psychosocial drivers of school dropout in combination. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)

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See detailNorms in and between the philosophical ivory tower and public health practice: A heuristic model of translational ethics
Schröder-Bäck, Peter; van Duin, Claire; Brall, Caroline; Scholtes, Beatrice; Tahzib, Farhang; Maeckelberghe, Els

in South Eastern European Journal of Public Health (2019)

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See detailScars of early job insecurity across Europe: Insights from a multi-country employer study
Imdorf, Christian; Shi, Lulu P.; Sacchi, Stefan; Samuel, Robin; Hyggen, Christer; Stoilova, Rumiana; Yordanova, Gabriela; Boyadjieva, Pepka; Ilieva-Trichkova, Petya; Parsanoglou, Dimitris; Yfanti, Aggeliki

in Hvinden, Bjørn; Hyggen, Christer; Schoyen, Mi Ah; Sirovátka, Tomáš (Eds.) Youth Unemployment and Job Insecurity in Europe. Problems, Risk Factors and Policies (2019)

Episodes of unemployment or deskilling work can signal low ability to employers and impede individuals’ employment chances. In this chapter we analyse how the scarring effects of experiences of job insecurity vary across countries. We presented fictitious CVs integrated in an online survey to 1920 respondents recruiting for real jobs in five occupational fields in Bulgaria, Greece, Norway and Switzerland. Our findings show that unemployment scarring is strongest in Norway, followed by Switzerland, and is weaker in Bulgaria and Greece. Work experience in deskilling jobs as well as frequent changes of jobs (job-hopping) are also found to decrease applicants’ chances. We interpret our findings with regard to different national economies (youth unemployment), employment protection legislation and education systems, arguing that these country-specific settings shape recruiters’ perceptions of individuals’ precarious job experience, which in turn influences their hiring decision.

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See detailThe Crowdsourced Replication Initiative: Investigating Immigration and Social Policy Preferences. Executive Report.
Breznau, Nate; Rinke, Eike Mark; Wuttke, Alexander; Adem, Muna; Adriaans, Jule; Alvarez-Benjumea, Amalia; Andersen, Henrik; Auer, Daniel; Azevedo, Flavio; Bahnsen, Oke; Balzer, Dave; Bauer, Gerrit; Bauer, Paul; Baumann, Markus; Baute, Sharon; Benoit, Verena; Berning, Carl; Bernauer, Julian; Berthold, Anna; Bethke, Felix; Biegert, Thomas; Blinzler, Katharina; Blumenberg, Johannes; Bol, Thijs; Bobzien, Licia; Bohman, Andrea; Bostic, Amie; Brzozowska, Zuzanna; Burgdorf, Katharina; Burger, Kaspar; Busch, Kathrin; Castillo, Juan Carlos; Chan, Nathan; Christmann, Pablo; Connelly, Roxanne; Czymara, Christian; Damian, Elena; Edelmann, Achim; Ecker, Alejandro; Eger, Maureen A.; Ellerbrock, Simon; Forke, Anna; Forster, Andrea; Gavras, Konstantin; Gayle, Vernon; Gaasendam, Chris; Gessler, Theresa; Gnambs, Timo; Godefroidt, Amélie; Greinert, Alexander; Groß, Martin; Grömping, Max; Gruber, Stefan; Gummer, Tobias; Hadjar, Andreas; Heisig, Jan Paul; Hellmeier, Sebastian; Heyne, Stefanie; Hirsch, Magdalena; Hjerm, Mikael; Hochman, Oshrat; Hövermann, Andreas; Huth, Nora; Hunger, Sophia; Hunkler, Christian; Ignacz, Zsofia; Jacobs, Laura; Jacobsen, Jannes; Jaeger, Bastian; Jungkunz, Sebastian; Jungmann, Nils; Kauff, Mathias; Kleinert, Manuel; Klinger, Julia; Kolb, Jan-Philipp; Kolczynska, Marta; Kuk, John; Kunißen, Katharina; Kurti, Dafina; Lersch, Philipp M.; Löbel, Lea-Maria; Lutscher, Philipp; Mader, Matthias; Madia, Joan Eliel; Malancu, Natalia Cornelia; Maldonado, Luis; Marahrens, Helge; Martin, Nicole; Martinez, Paul; Mayerl, Jochen; MAYORGA, Oscar Jose; McManus, Patricia; Meeusen, Cecil; Meierrieks, Daniel; Mellon, Jonathan; Merhout, Friedolin; Merk, Samuel; Meyer, Daniel; Micheli, Leticia; Mijs, Jonathan; Moya, Cristóbal; Neunhoeffer, Marcel; Nüst, Daniel; Nygård, Olav; Ochsenfeld, Fabian; Otte, Gunnar; Pechenkina, Anna; Prosser, Christopher; Raes, Louis; Ralston, Kevin; Ramos, Miguel; Roets, Arne; Rogers, Jonathan; Ropers, Guido; Samuel, Robin; Sand, Gergor; Schachter, Ariela; Schaeffer, Merlin; Schieferdecker, David; Schlueter, Elmar; Schmidt, Katja; Schmidt, Regine; Schmidt-Catran, Alexander; Schmiedeberg, Claudia; Schneider, Jürgen; Schoonvelde, Martijn; Schulte-Cloos, Julia; Schumann, Sandy; Schunck, Reinhard; Schupp, Juergen; Seuring, Julian; Silber, Henning; Sleegers, Willem; Sonntag, Nico; Staudt, Alexander; Steiber, Nadia; Steiner, Nils; Sternberg, Sebastian; Stiers, Dieter; Striessnig, Erich; Stojmenovska, Dragana; Storz, Nora; Stroppe, Anne-Kathrin; Teltemann, Janna; Tibajev, Andrey; Tung, Brian B.; Vagni, Giacomo; Van Assche, Jasper; van der Linden, Meta; van der Noll, Jolanda; Van Hootegem, Arno; Vogtenhuber, Stefan; Voicu, Bogdan; Wagemans, Fieke Maria Antoinet; Wagner, Kyle; Wehl, Nadja; Werner, Hannah; Wiernik, Brenton M.; Winter, Fabian; Wolf, Christof; Zakula, Björn; Ziller, Conrad; Zins, Stefan; Zhang, Nan; Żółtak, Tomasz

E-print/Working paper (2019)

In an era of mass migration, social scientists, populist parties and social movements raise concerns over the future of immigration-destination societies. What impacts does this have on policy and social solidarity? Comparative cross-national research, relying mostly on secondary data, has findings in different directions. There is a threat of selective model reporting and lack of replicability. The heterogeneity of countries obscures attempts to clearly define data-generating models. P-hacking and HARKing lurk among standard research practices in this area.This project employs crowdsourcing to address these issues. It draws on replication, deliberation, meta-analysis and harnessing the power of many minds at once. The Crowdsourced Replication Initiative carries two main goals, (a) to better investigate the linkage between immigration and social policy preferences across countries, and (b) to develop crowdsourcing as a social science method. The Executive Report provides short reviews of the area of social policy preferences and immigration, and the methods and impetus behind crowdsourcing plus a description of the entire project. Three main areas of findings will appear in three papers, that are registered as PAPs or in process.

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See detailGesundheit und Wohlbefinden von Kindern und Jugendlichen - Bericht zur HBSC-Befragung luxemburgischer Schülerinnen und Schüler 2014
Heinz, Andreas; van Duin, Claire; Catunda, Carolina; Kern, Matthias Robert; Residori, Caroline; Willems, Helmut

Book published by University of Luxembourg (2018)

The following report contains the results of the Luxembourgish Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study, which was conducted in the year 2014. The HBSC study is a cross-national survey study that collects data every four years in school classes across Europe, Asia and Canada. In Luxembourg, students from primary and secondary schools that teach according to the Luxembourgish curriculum were included in the study. This report contains the data of 7233 students aged 11 to 18 years old. The HBSC study inquires about a wide range of topics, including questions on subjective well-being, nutrition, physical activity, social relationships in- and outside of school, use of addictive substances and sexual behaviour. This report examines these topics mainly with regard to socio-demographic characteristics. With regards to gender, neither boys nor girls are at a clear disadvantage for the researched themes. The position of boys and girls depends on the theme, which means that for certain themes boys are at a disadvantage, whereas for other themes girls are at a disadvantage. Boys indicate higher rates of substance use (alcohol, tobacco and cannabis), higher rates of overweight and they watch more television than girls. However, girls report less physical activity, lower rates of breakfast consumption, more health complaints and lower life satisfaction compared to boys. For almost all the indicators examined, the 11-12-year-olds have the best scores and often the next group (13-14-year-olds) is already performing significantly worse. The only exception in this pattern was found for the variable of bullying: the older the students are, the less often they are victims of bullying. The age 12-13 is therefore considered a critical phase of life from a health perspective. Additionally, the social status of students is of relevance for their health. The large majority of indicators show that the higher the family affluence, the better the results reported by students. Students from the Fondamental are younger, and thus obtain better scores for the majority of indicators than the students from secondary schools. Within secondary schools, better scores are obtained by Secondaire classique students compared to Secondaire technique students. In the international comparison, Luxembourgish students are inconspicuous and often placed in the midfield with average scores. Compared to students in other countries, Luxembourgish students report to do more sports and they report fewer occasions of drunkenness in their life. However, Luxembourg obtained low scores for two indicators: Luxembourgish students have a high number of health complaints (e.g. pain, problems falling asleep, nervousness) and their life satisfaction is relatively low.

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See detailScarring Due to Unemployment: Employers' Hiring Decisions in Relation to Young People
Gutfleisch, Tamara Rebecca; Samuel, Robin

Presentation (2018, November 07)

The long-term consequences of experiencing early unemployment for future labor market outcomes and individual well-being have been widely documented in the literature. As youth unemployment remains one of the main challenges of our time, it is important to understand the mechanisms on both sides of the job matching process. However, the majority of previous research only highlights issues on the supply side of this process by analyzing observational or administrative data. Empirical evidence on the demand side of youth unemployment is still scarce. Against this background, we examine how employers evaluate hiring chances of young job applicants with special emphasis on scarring due to unemployment. Specifically, we aim at addressing the shortcomings of previous research in two ways: (1) We conduct a large-scale factorial survey experiment among recruiters in five occupational sectors in Luxembourg. Recruiters evaluate several hypothetical descriptions of applicants which randomly vary in their combination of attributes. (2) We test whether using hypothetical vs. real vacancies affects employers' evaluation of applicants - a question that has received little attention so far despite the potential implications for research studying employers' hiring decisions by means of factorial surveys. Preliminary findings from our pilot study show some hints for differences in recruiters' hiring decisions when confronted with real vs. hypothetical hiring problems. With our approach, we contribute to the literature on youth employment as well as to the methodological research on factorial surveys.

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See detailBewertung des Klassenklimas / Climat de classe
van Duin, Claire; Heinz, Andreas; Kern, Matthias Robert; Residori, Caroline; Catunda, Carolina; Willems, Helmut

E-print/Working paper (2018)

In der HBSC-Studie 2014 sollten die Schüler die folgende Aussage zum Klassenklima bewerten: „Die meisten Schüler in meiner Klasse sind nett und hilfsbereit.“ 72 % stimmen dieser Aussage zu, 10 % lehnen sie ab und 18 % wählen die neutrale Mittelkategorie. Getrennt nach Alter und Geschlecht zeigen sich kaum Unterschiede im wahrgenommenen Klassenklima. Allerdings bewerten Schüler des Fondamental und des Secondaire das Klassenklima besser als Schüler des Secondaire technique und des Modulaire. Je besser das Klassenklima bewertet wird, desto zufriedener sind die Schüler mit ihrem Leben und desto mehr mögen sie die Schule.

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See detailKörperliche Aktivität von Schülern in ihrer Freizeit / Activité physique des élèves pendant leur temps libre
Heinz, Andreas; Kern, Matthias Robert; Residori, Caroline; Catunda, Carolina; van Duin, Claire; Willems, Helmut

E-print/Working paper (2018)

In der HBSC-Studie 2014 wurden die Schüler gefragt, wie häufig sie in ihrer Freizeit so aktiv sind, dass sie außer Atem oder ins Schwitzen kommen. Rund jeder zehnte Schüler ist nach eigenen Angaben nie körperlich aktiv, rund jeder sechste ist hingegen an 7 Stunden oder häufiger pro Woche aktiv. Im internationalen Vergleich sind die luxemburgischen Schüler überdurchschnittlich häufig körperlich aktiv. Allerdings nimmt die Aktivität im Laufe der Jugend ab und bestimmte Gruppen sind aktiver als andere: Jungen sind in allen Altersgruppen aktiver als Mädchen und Kinder aus wohlhabenden Familien sind aktiver als Kinder aus nicht wohlhabenden Familien. Schüler des Enseignement secondaire sind aktiver als Schüler des Modulaire.

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See detailMobbing in der Schule / Harcèlement à l’école
Heinz, Andreas; van Duin, Claire; Kern, Matthias Robert; Residori, Caroline; Catunda, Carolina; Willems, Helmut

E-print/Working paper (2018)

In der Kindheit und Jugend gemobbt zu werden ist ein Risikofaktor für schlechtere Schulleistungen, aber langfristig auch für Angststörungen im Erwachsenenalter. Daher wurde in der HBSC-Studie 2014 gefragt, wie häufig die Schüler in den vergangenen Monaten in der Schule gemobbt wurden. 73 % waren nicht von Mobbing betroffen, 16 % wurden 1- bis 2-mal gemobbt und 11 % wurden mindestens 2-mal pro Monat gemobbt. Ältere Schüler waren seltener Opfer von Mobbing als jüngere Schüler, wobei Jungen und Mädchen in allen Altersgruppen ähnlich häufig betroffen waren. Dementsprechend waren die Schüler des Fondamental und des Modulaire häufiger betroffen als die Schüler des Secondaire technique und des Secondaire. Schüler, die aus Familien mit einem geringen Wohlstandsniveau stammen, waren häufiger Mobbingopfer als Schüler aus wohlhabenden Familien. Mit der Häufigkeit des Mobbings sinkt die Lebenszufriedenheit und die Zahl der Gesundheitsbeschwerden steigt.

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See detailQualität der Kommunikation in der Familie / Qualité de la communication au sein de la famille
Heinz, Andreas; Kern, Matthias Robert; Residori, Caroline; Catunda, Carolina; van Duin, Claire; Willems, Helmut

E-print/Working paper (2018)

In der HBSC-Studie 2014 sollten die Schüler vier Aussagen zur Qualität der Kommunikation in ihrer Familie auf einer Skala von 1 (= niedrige Qualität) bis 5 (= hohe Qualität) bewerten. Über 80 % vergeben gute Bewertungen im Bereich von 4 oder 5. Rund 12 % der Schüler bewerten die Qualität der Familienkommunikation im mittleren Bereich (3) und 5 % vergeben niedrige Bewertungen (1 oder 2). Ältere Schüler bewerten die Familienkommunikation schlechter als jüngere. Dementsprechend bewerten Schüler des Fondamental die Familienkommunikation besser als Schüler von Sekundarschulen. Schüler, die eine hohe Qualität angeben, berichten eine geringere Zahl von Gesundheitsbeschwerden.

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See detailFernsehkonsum von Schülern / Consommation de télévision
van Duin, Claire; Heinz, Andreas; Kern, Matthias Robert; Residori, Caroline; Catunda, Carolina; Willems, Helmut

E-print/Working paper (2018)

In der HBSC-Studie 2014 wurden die Schüler gefragt, wie lange sie an einem Wochentag fernsehen. Knapp 8 % geben an, nicht fernzusehen, weitere 19 % schauen eine halbe Stunde fern. 57 % schauen 2 Stunden oder mehr fern, was als häufiger TV-Konsum definiert wird. Bei Schülern im Alter von 13-18 ist häufiger TV-Konsum weiter verbreitet als bei Schülern im Alter von 11-12. Des Weiteren ist häufiger TV-Konsum verbreiteter bei Schülern des Secondaire technique als bei Schülern des Fondamental sowie des Secondaire. Schüler, die davon ausgehen, dass ihre Lehrer sie für leistungsschwach halten, schauen häufiger Fernsehen als Schüler, die denken, dass ihre Lehrer sie für überdurchschnittlich leistungsfähig halten.

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See detailTägliches Essen von Obst und Gemüse / Consommation quotidienne de fruits et de légumes
van Duin, Claire; Residori, Caroline; Kern, Matthias Robert; Catunda, Carolina; Heinz, Andreas; Willems, Helmut

E-print/Working paper (2018)

Ein hoher Gemüse- und Obstverzehr ist Teil eines gesunden Lebensstils. In der HBSC-Studie 2014 wurden die Schüler daher gefragt, wie häufig sie Obst und Gemüse essen: 37 % gaben an, täglich Obst zu essen und 32 % gaben den täglichen Verzehr von Gemüse an. Schüler der Altersgruppe 11-12 essen häufiger Obst und Gemüse als Schüler im Alter von 13-18. Der tägliche Konsum von Obst und Gemüse ist bei Mädchen häufiger als bei Jungen. Des Weiteren ist der tägliche Konsum bei Schülern aus wohlhabenden Familien weiter verbreitet als bei Schülern aus nicht wohlhabenden Familien. Schüler des Fondamental und des Enseignement secondaire geben einen täglichen Verzehr häufiger an als Schüler des Enseignement secondaire technique und des Modulaire.

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See detailScarring Due to Unemployment by Gender: Evidence from a Cross-Country Factorial Survey
Gutfleisch, Tamara Rebecca; Samuel, Robin

Presentation (2018, September 07)

The allocation of individuals to occupations is a main mechanism of social reproduction and social stratification. Many studies elucidated the individual antecedents and consequences of this process. An interest has often been in how social origin moderates the transition from education to employment. However, empirical evidence on the role of recruiters in this fundamental social process is scarce. Against this backdrop, we examine how these gatekeepers evaluate hiring chances of young job applicants. In our contribution, we specifically focus on scarring due to unemployment in the health sector. Drawing on human capital theory and signalling theory, we expect variation in the hiring chances of male vs. female job seekers with respect to the length of previous and current unemployment spells. Using data from a recent large-scale factorial survey of recruiters in four European countries (N ≈ 2,000) and employing multilevel linear regression models, we find, overall, evidence for heterogeneous scarring effects. Young male job applicants who were unemployed received less favourable assessments compared to their female counterparts. Having been unemployed or being currently unemployed was not associated with hiring chances in young females. Our preliminary findings constitute new evidence on gender differences in scarring due to unemployment. They further contribute to the literature on transitions to employment.

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See detailGeschlechtsverkehr und Verhütung / Activité sexuelle et contraception
van Duin, Claire; Heinz, Andreas; Kern, Matthias Robert; Residori, Caroline; Catunda, Carolina; Willems, Helmut

E-print/Working paper (2018)

In der HBSC-Studie 2014 wurden den Schülern von Sekundarschulen Fragen zu Sexualität und Verhütung gestellt. Von den männlichen Jugendlichen im Alter von 15 Jahren gaben 27 % an, schon Geschlechtsverkehr gehabt zu haben, bei den weiblichen Jugendlichen liegt der Anteil mit 22 % etwas darunter. Von den 18-Jährigen gaben jeweils rund zwei Drittel an, schon mit jemandem geschlafen zu haben. Schüler des Enseignement secondaire technique geben häufiger als ihre Altersgenossen im Enseignement secondaire an, schon Geschlechtsverkehr gehabt zu haben. Bei ihrem letzten Geschlechtsverkehr haben 68 % mit Kondomen verhütet und 55 % mit der Pille. Jungen wussten häufiger als die Mädchen nicht, welche Verhütungsmittel sie genutzt haben. Dies deutet darauf hin, dass Jungen in Verhütungsfragen sorgloser sind und ein Teil von ihnen Verhütung als Frauensache ansieht. Rund 3 % der sexuell aktiven Schüler gaben ein riskantes Verhütungsverhalten an: Sie haben beim letzten Geschlechtsverkehr mittels Koitus interruptus verhütet und sie haben auf andere Methoden verzichtet oder sie wussten nicht, ob der Partner bzw. die Partnerin zusätzlich eine sichere Methode einsetzt.

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See detailAlkoholkonsum von Schülern in Luxemburg / La consommation d’alcool des élèves au Luxembourg
Catunda, Carolina; van Duin, Claire; Kern, Matthias Robert; Residori, Caroline; Heinz, Andreas; Willems, Helmut

E-print/Working paper (2018)

In der HBSC-Studie 2014 wurden die Schüler gefragt, ob sie in den vergangenen 30 Tagen Alkohol getrunken haben. Von den 11-12-Jährigen gaben dies 4 % an, in der Altersgruppe 17-18 waren es 68 %. Bis zum Alter von 16 Jahren geben Jungen und Mädchen ähnlich häufig Alkoholkonsum an. In der Altersgruppe 17-18 haben männliche Jugendliche häufiger als weibliche Jugendliche Alkohol getrunken (73 % vs. 63 % in den vergangenen 30 Tagen). Ältere Jugendliche aus wohlhabenden Familien gaben häufiger Alkoholkonsum an als Jugendliche aus Familien mit geringem Wohlstand (74 % vs. 63 %). Zudem konsumieren die 15-18-jährigen Schüler des Enseignement secondaire häufiger Alkohol als die Schüler des Enseignement secondaire technique. Verglichen mit 15-jährigen Schülern aus anderen Ländern geben die luxemburgischen Schüler seltener an, bereits zweimal oder häufiger in ihrem Leben betrunken gewesen zu sein.

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See detailSchulischer Stress / Le stress à l‘école
van Duin, Claire; Heinz, Andreas; Kern, Matthias Robert; Residori, Caroline; Catunda, Carolina; Willems, Helmut

E-print/Working paper (2018)

In der HBSC-Studie wurde den Schülern die Frage gestellt: „Fühlst du dich durch die Schularbeit gestresst?“ Insgesamt antworteten 21 % „überhaupt nicht“, 44 % „ein bisschen“, 19 % „einigermaßen“ und 17 % „sehr“. Je älter die Schüler sind, desto häufiger geben sie an, unter Schulstress zu leiden. Unter den älteren Schülern sind Mädchen eher von Schulstress betroffen als Jungen. Am häufigsten fühlen sich Schüler des Enseignement secondaire von der Schularbeit gestresst, am seltensten Schüler des Fondamentals, Schüler des Secondaire technique liegen dazwischen. Schüler, die davon ausgehen, dass ihre Lehrer sie für überdurchschnittlich leistungsfähig halten, geben seltener Schulstress an als Schüler, die annehmen, dass ihre Lehrer sie für durchschnittlich oder unterdurchschnittlich leistungsfähig halten. Schüler, die einen stärkeren Schulstress angeben, geben auch an, unter mehr Gesundheitsbeschwerden zu leiden (Kopf-, Bauch- und Rückenschmerzen, Traurigkeit, Gereiztheit, Nervosität, Einschlafschwierigkeiten und Schwindel).

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See detailCannabiskonsum von Schülern in Luxemburg / Consommation de cannabis des élèves au Luxembourg
Heinz, Andreas; Kern, Matthias Robert; Residori, Caroline; Catunda, Carolina; van Duin, Claire; Willems, Helmut

E-print/Working paper (2018)

In der HBSC-Studie 2014 wurde nach dem Cannabiskonsum der Schüler gefragt. 38 % der 17-18-Jährigen haben laut eigenen Angaben mindestens einmal in ihrem Leben Cannabis probiert, in den vergangenen 30 Tagen haben in dieser Altersgruppe 15 % Cannabis konsumiert. Der „Probierkonsum“ ist somit deutlich weiter verbreitet als der regelmäßige Konsum. Je älter die Schüler sind, desto höher ist der Anteil der Cannabiskonsumenten, wobei der Anstieg bei den Jungen größer ist als bei den Mädchen. Von den 17-18-Jährigen haben 20 % der Jungen in den vergangenen 30 Tagen Cannabis genommen, aber nur 11 % der Mädchen. Die Häufigkeit des Konsums unterscheidet sich kaum je nach Wohlstand der Familie oder zwischen dem Enseignement secondaire und dem Enseignement secondaire technique. Ein Viertel der Konsumenten hat bis zum Alter von rund 14 Jahren mit dem Konsum angefangen, daher sollte die Prävention frühzeitig einsetzen.

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See detailTabakkonsum von Schülern in Luxemburg / Consommation de tabac par les élèves au Luxembourg
Kern, Matthias Robert; Heinz, Andreas; Residori, Caroline; Catunda, Carolina; van Duin, Claire; Willems, Helmut

E-print/Working paper (2018)

In der HBSC-Studie 2014 wurden Fragen zum Tabakkonsum gestellt. Von den 11-12-Jährigen sind 2 % laut eigenen Angaben Raucher, in der Altersgruppe 17-18 steigt dieser Anteil auf knapp über ein Drittel. Bis zum Alter von 14 Jahren ist der Anteil der regelmäßigen Raucher (d.h. sie rauchen mindestens einmal pro Woche) bei Jungen und Mädchen etwa gleich hoch. In der Altersgruppe 17-18 rauchen 32 % der männlichen Jugendlichen regelmäßig, aber nur 23 % der weiblichen Jugendlichen. Im Enseignement secondaire technique ist der Anteil der regelmäßigen Raucher in allen Altersgruppen ungefähr doppelt so hoch wie im Enseignement secondaire. Die Hälfte der Raucher hat mit 14 Jahren oder noch früher mit dem Rauchen angefangen, daher sollte frühzeitig über die Gefahren des Rauchens aufgeklärt werden.

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See detailFrühstückgewohnheiten / Habitudes du petit déjeuner
Residori, Caroline; van Duin, Claire; Kern, Matthias Robert; Catunda, Carolina; Heinz, Andreas; Willems, Helmut

E-print/Working paper (2018)

In der HBSC-Studie 2014 wurden die Schüler gefragt, ob sie an allen Schultagen frühstücken. Tägliches Frühstücken nimmt mit dem Alter ab: Während im Alter von 11-12 rund zwei Drittel der Schüler täglich frühstücken, sind es weniger als die Hälfte der Schüler im Alter von 17-18. Im Alter von 11-16 ist tägliches Frühstücken bei Jungen häufiger verbreitet als bei Mädchen, in der Altersgruppe 17-18 gibt es keine Unterschiede. Die befragten Schüler frühstücken umso eher täglich, je höher der Wohlstand der Familie ist, in der sie aufwachsen. Tägliches Frühstücken ist bei Schülern im Fondamental häufiger verbreitet als bei Schülern an Sekundarschulen. Innerhalb der Sekundarschulen ist tägliches Frühstücken am weitesten verbreitet im Enseignement secondaire und am seltensten im Modulaire.

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See detail"Was hältst du zurzeit von der Schule?" / « Actuellement que penses-tu de l’école? »
van Duin, Claire; Heinz, Andreas; Kern, Matthias Robert; Residori, Caroline; Catunda, Carolina; Willems, Helmut

E-print/Working paper (2018)

Die Schule ist ein wichtiger Ort der Sozialisation, an dem die Schüler viel Zeit verbringen. Positive Erfahrungen mit der Schule können die soziale und gesundheitliche Entwicklung der Schüler fördern, negative Erfahrungen können die Entwicklung beeinträchtigen. Daher wurde in der HBSC-Studie 2014 gefragt, wie sehr die Schüler ihre Schule mögen. Von den 11-12-Jährigen mögen 30 % die Schule sehr, weitere 52 % mögen sie einigermaßen. In der Gruppe der 15-16-Jährigen mögen 11 % die Schule sehr und 15 % mögen sie überhaupt nicht. Dementsprechend mögen Schüler des Fondamental ihre Schule eher als Schüler an Sekundarschulen. Zwischen den Schultypen Secondaire, Secondaire technique und Modulaire gibt es hingegen kaum Unterschiede. Je mehr sich Schüler durch die Schularbeit gestresst fühlen, desto eher mögen sie die Schule nicht. Sie mögen sie auch dann eher nicht, wenn sie vermuten, dass ihre Lehrer sie für leistungsschwach halten. Je weniger die Schüler ihre Schule mögen, desto mehr Gesundheitsbeschwerden berichten sie.

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See detail« Actuellement que penses-tu de l’école? »
van Duin, Claire; Heinz, Andreas; Kern, Matthias Robert; Residori, Caroline; Catunda, Carolina; Willems, Helmut

E-print/Working paper (2018)

L'école est un lieu important de socialisation dans lequel les élèves passent beaucoup de temps. Les expériences positives en lien avec l’école peuvent favoriser leur développement social et celui de leur santé, tandis que les expériences négatives peuvent perturber leur développement. Par conséquent, l'étude HBSC de 2014 a demandé à quel point les élèves aimaient leur école. Parmi les 11-12 ans, 30 % disent aimer beaucoup l'école et 52 % l'aiment un peu. Dans le groupe des 15-16 ans, 11 % disent aimer beaucoup l'école et 15 % ne l'aiment pas du tout. En conséquence, les élèves du fondamental sont plus nombreux à aimer beaucoup l’école que les élèves du secondaire. Cependant, il n'y a pratiquement pas de différences entre les écoles secondaires classique, technique et modulaire. En outre, plus les élèves se sentent stressés par les devoirs, moins ils aiment l'école. Ils ont également tendance à ne pas l’aimer quand ils soupçonnent que leurs enseignants les considèrent comme n’étant pas assez performants. Enfin, moins les élèves aiment leur école, plus ils signalent de problèmes de santé.

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See detailThe Association Between Cyberbullying, School Bullying, and Suicidality Among Adolescents
Zaborskis, Apolinaras; Ilionsky, Gabriela; Tesler, Riki; Heinz, Andreas

in Crisis (2018)

Background: Bullying and suicidality are serious worldwide problems with negative effects on the young population and therefore international comparisons in this field are of paramount importance. Aims: To analyze the prevalence of bullying and cyberbullying and their association with suicidal behavior among school-aged children in Israel, Lithuania, and Luxembourg. Method: In total, 3,814 15-year-olds from schools in Israel, Lithuania, and Luxembourg were surveyed in the Health Behavior in School-Aged Children (HBSC) cross-national survey in 2013/2014 using standardized anonymous questionnaires. Data analysis employed logistic regression and structural equation modeling (SEM). Results: In all, 6.5% of the adolescents reported being cyberbullied, 15.6% reported being bullied at school. In the previous 12 months, 38.6% reported experiencing emotions that stopped them from doing their usual activities, 17.8% considered attempting suicide, 12.0% made a suicide plan, and 9.5% attempted suicide. Victims of cyberbullying and school bullying had a significantly higher risk of suicidal ideations, plans, and attempts. The SEM analysis confirmed a significant overall effect of bullying on adolescent suicidality. The strongest effect was seen among Israeli students. Limitations: The prevalence estimates were obtained by self-report. Conclusion: The prevalence of adolescent cyberbullying, school bullying, and suicidal behavior is relatively high in Israel, Lithuania, and Luxembourg. Cyberbullying is a strong predictor of adolescent suicidality.

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See detailHow unemployment scarring affects skilled young workers: evidence from a factorial survey of Swiss recruiters
Shi, Lulu P.; Imdorf, Christian; Samuel, Robin; Sacchi, Stefan

in Journal for Labour Market Research (2018), 52(7),

We ask how employers contribute to unemployment scarring in the recruitment process in the German-speaking part of Switzerland. By drawing on recruitment theories, we aim to better understand how recruiters assess different patterns of unemployment in a job candidate’s CV and how this affects the chances of young applicants being considered for a vacancy. We argue that in contexts with tight school-work linkage and highly standardised Vocational Education and Training (VET) systems, the detrimental effect of early unemployment depends on how well the applicant’s profile matches the requirements of the advertised position. To test this assumption, we surveyed Swiss recruiters who were seeking to fill positions during the time of data collection. We employed a factorial survey experiment that tested how the (un)employment trajectories in hypothetical young job applicants’ CVs affected their chances of being considered for a real vacancy. Our results show that unemployment decreases the perceived suitability of an applicant for a specific job, which implies there is a scarring effect of unemployment that increases with the duration of being unemployed. But we also found that these effects are moderated by how well the applicant’s profile matches the job’s requirements. Overall, the worse the match between applicant’s profile and the job profile, the smaller are the scarring effects of unemployment. In sum, our findings contribute to the literature by revealing considerable heterogeneity in the scarring effects of unemployment. Our findings further suggest that the scarring effects of unemployment need to be studied with regard to country-specific institutional settings, the applicants’ previous education and employment experiences, and the job characteristics.

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See detail"Outreach Youth Work-Maisons des Jeunes"- Eine Perspektice für Jugendliche in schwierigen Lebenslagen. Präsentation des Abschlussberichtes der externen Evaluation.
Joachim, Patrice; Willems, Helmut

Presentation (2018, June)

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See detailJugendliche mit erhöhtem Förderbedarf in den Projekten von Erasmus+: Jugend in Aktion - Beschreibung und Effekte
Meyers, Christiane; Mayerl, Martin

Conference given outside the academic context (2018)

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See detailIndividuelle Betreuung als Strategie der Transitionshilfe für Jugendliche in schwierigen Lebenslagen: Herausforderungen, Wirkungen und Impulse des Pilotprojektes "Outreach Youth Work - Maisons des Jeunes".
Joachim, Patrice; Weis, Daniel; Willems, Helmut

Report (2018)

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See detail"Outreach Youth Work-Maisons des Jeunes" - Eine Perspektive für Jugendliche in schwierigen Lebenslagen. Abschlussbericht der externen Evaluation eines Pilotprojektes in Luxemburg.
Joachim, Patrice; Weis, Daniel; Willems, Helmut

Report (2018)

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See detailAn Introduction to Factorial Designs Using the Example of Hiring Decisions
Samuel, Robin

Presentation (2018, April 24)

In this contribution, we use a factorial design to explore the moderating role of transaction costs on scarring due to previous unemployment and skills underutilization. Furthermore, we investigate the extent to which the perceived difficulty of recruiting moderates these effects. Factorial designs allow studying respondents’ evaluations as a function of multidimensional stimuli. In this application, we create a pool of hypothetical candidates, where we experimentally vary individual characteristics of young job applicants. We then measure how our respondents, actual recruiters, evaluate the hiring chances of these young people. We further use information provided by the respondents to estimate transaction costs. Using data from a recent large-scale factorial survey of recruiters in four European countries and employing multilevel linear regression models, we found, overall, scarring due to skills underutilization to exceed scarring due to unemployment. Skills underutilization was especially penalized when recruiting for a particular position was considered easy. Indirect transaction costs, particularly anticipated time required for organizational socialization, were negatively associated with unemployment scarring, but positively with scarring due to skill underutilization. Unemployment spells only had a negative effect on hiring chances, for jobs where there were monetary expenses for introductory training. Our findings constitute new evidence on the heterogeneity of scarring effects on hiring chances. We further contribute to the literature by highlighting the role of transaction costs and labor market performance.

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See detailLa satisfaction de vie des élèves au Luxembourg
Kern, Matthias Robert; Heinz, Andreas; Catunda, Carolina; Willems, Helmut

E-print/Working paper (2018)

Dans le cadre de l’enquête HBSC 2014, les élèves devaient indiquer à quel point ils étaient satisfaits de leur vie. La valeur « 0 » signifiait « la plus mauvaise vie possible » et la valeur « 10 » signifiait « la meilleur vie possible ». Parmi les participants du Luxembourg, 82 % ont indiqué une valeur de 6 ou plus, ce qui est défini comme étant « un niveau de satisfaction de vie élevé ». Pour 10 % d’entre eux, la satisfaction de vie était cotée avec la valeur moyenne de 5 et les 8 % restants ont indiqué une valeur inférieure à 5. La satisfaction de vie des filles moins âgées est plus élevée que celle des filles plus âgées. Chez les garçons, par contre, la satisfaction de vie reste pratiquement constante de 11 à 18 ans. Les garçons sont plus satisfaits de leur vie que les filles, ainsi que les enfants issus des familles avec un niveau socio-économique élevé, en comparaison avec ceux issus des familles ayant un niveau socio-économique faible. La satisfaction de vie est également liée aux problèmes de santé : les élèves qui indiquent souffrir fréquemment de douleurs, de tristesse, de mauvaise humeur / d’irritabilité, de nervosité, de problèmes à s’endormir ou de vertiges sont moins souvent satisfaits de leur vie.

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See detailLes problèmes de santé des élèves luxembourgeois
Heinz, Andreas; Kern, Matthias Robert; Catunda, Carolina; Willems, Helmut

E-print/Working paper (2018)

Dans le cadre de l’enquête HBSC 2014, réalisée dans plusieurs pays de l’Union européenne, les élèves interrogés devaient indiquer la fréquence à laquelle ils souffraient des huit problèmes de santé suivants : maux de tête ou de dos, douleurs abdominales, tristesse, irritabilité, nervosité, difficultés à s’endormir ou vertiges. Le résultat démontre que 41 % des élèves affirmaient avoir plusieurs fois par semaine voire quotidiennement au moins deux des huit problèmes précités. Les filles souffrent plus fréquemment de problèmes de santé que les garçons, ainsi que les élèves plus âgés comparativement aux plus jeunes. En outre, des enfants issus de familles avec un niveau socio-économique faible ont plus souvent des problèmes de santé que les enfants des familles ayant un niveau socio-économique élevé. Enfin, les élèves du secondaire technique et du modulaire souffrent plus fréquemment de problèmes de santé que les élèves de l’enseignement fondamental et du secondaire.

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See detailLe surpoids chez les élèves au Luxembourg
Kern, Matthias Robert; Heinz, Andreas; Catunda, Carolina; Willems, Helmut

E-print/Working paper (2018)

Dans le cadre de l’enquête HBSC 2014, réalisée dans plusieurs pays de l’Union européenne, les élèves étaient interrogés concernant leur taille et leur poids pour permettre de calculer leur indice de masse corporelle (IMC). Parmi les participants, 13 % sont trop maigres, 72 % ont un poids normal, 13 % sont en surpoids et 3 % sont obèses. En comparant avec les autres pays, il y a relativement peu d’enfants de 11 ans au Luxembourg en surpoids. La proportion des élèves de 15 ans en situation de surpoids se trouve au niveau de la moyenne internationale. Les enfants issus de familles de niveau socio-économique élevé ont un risque plus faible d’être en surpoids que ceux des familles avec un niveau plus bas. Les élèves de l’enseignement fondamental et du secondaire sont moins susceptibles d’être en surpoids que ceux du secondaire technique et du modulaire.

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See detailResearch on 'Erasmus+: Youth in Action' projects: the variety on learning effects on participants
Meyers, Christiane; Mayerl, Martin

Scientific Conference (2018, March 08)

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See detailEin Deutschland, in dem wir gut und gerne leben. Welche Merkmale gehören nach Ansicht der Bevölkerung zum notwendigen Lebensstandard?
Gutfleisch, Tamara Rebecca; Andreß, Hans-Jürgen

in Informationsdienst Soziale Indikatoren (2018), (59),

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See detailMéthodologie de l’étude « Health Behaviour in School-aged Children »
Heinz, Andreas; Kern, Matthias Robert; Residori, Caroline; Catunda, Carolina; Willems, Helmut

E-print/Working paper (2018)

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See detailSubjective Health Complaints in Adolescence - Validity of the HBSC Symptom Checklist in Luxembourg
Catunda, Carolina; Heinz, Andreas; Willems, Helmut

Poster (2018)

The HBSC Symptom Checklist (HBSC-SCL) consists on an eight-item scale developed for the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children survey to measure adolescent health complaints. Although it was developed based on a RASCH measurement analysis which proved that the items are indicators of a unidimensional latent trait, some studies suggests a two highly correlated dimensions. The objective of this study is to test the validity of the Luxembourgish version of the HBSC-SCL. Methods: The 2014 HBSC Luxembourg survey took place during the 2013/14 school year. A total of 590 classes following the national curriculum were randomly selected and 7 757 students aged from 11 to 18 years old responded to the questionnaire translated to both French and German distributed by their teachers. Findings: First, the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin criterion and the Bartlett sphericity test indicated the use of a factor analysis (KMO=.88; p<.001). A Principal Component Analysis with Varimax Rotation (with the Eigenvalues over 1) and a scree plot test suggests a one factor matrix with a total variance explained of 47%. Discussion: Factor analysis support the existence of a single factor for the Luxemburgish population in accordance with the preliminary model developed. Literature have mixed results, with the possibility to compute one or two health complaints scores. More studies should confirm these findings but as the internal consistency possibly depends on the country studied, it is recommended this be systematically checked.

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See detailSocial Media and Its Role in Friendship-driven Interactions among Young People A Mixed Methods Study
Decieux, Jean Philippe Pierre; Heinen, Andreas; Willems, Helmut

in Young : Nordic Journal of Youth Research (2018), Online First

This article examines trends and developments in social interactions of young people and the role of social media in Luxembourg using a mixed method approach, drawing on both quantitative and qualitative data. Our findings corroborate that social interactions via social media play a growing role in leisure time of young people and have changed the traditional patterns of friendship-driven social interactions among peers. We argue that although offline interactions remain very important for young people, they have been complemented and partially replaced by interactions via social media. Modes of young people’s social media interactions can be characterized as mixed modalities.

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See detailArbeitslosigkeit mindert Jobchancen
Imdorf, Christian; Sacchi, Stefan; Samuel, Robin; Shi, Lulu P.

in Die Volkswirtschaft = La Vie économique (2018), 10

Angesichts des raschen strukturellen Wandels im Arbeitsmarkt ist ein geradliniger Berufsverlauf nach der Lehre nicht mehr die Norm. Es ist anzunehmen, dass durch Arbeitslosigkeit oder Berufswechsel bedingte Brüche im Berufsverlauf in Zukunft häufiger werden. In diesem Kontext stellt sich die Frage, wie Arbeitgeber bei der Besetzung von offenen Stellen solche Brüche in den Lebensläufen junger Stellensuchender bewerten. Eine Studie, welche die Frage nach einer möglichen Beeinträchtigung der Bewerbungschancen junger Stellensuchender nach einer Phase der Arbeitslosigkeit ins Zentrum stellt, zeigt: Arbeitslosigkeit beeinträchtigt in der Schweiz die Bewerbungschancen von Stellensuchenden. Eine abgeschlossene Berufsausbildung schützt dabei nicht vor den problematischen Folgen.

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See detailLe chômage, ennemi de l’employabilité
Imdorf, Christian; Sacchi, Stefan; Samuel, Robin; Shi, Lulu P.

in Die Volkswirtschaft = La Vie économique (2018), 10

Avec un marché de l’emploi en pleine mutation structurelle, un parcours rectiligne après l’apprentissage ne constitue plus la norme. Tout porte à croire que le nombre d’interruptions de carrière – forcées ou volontaires – ne cessera d’augmenter. Dans ces circonstances, la question est de savoir comment les employeurs désireux de repourvoir un poste perçoivent ces parenthèses dans le curriculum des jeunes à la recherche d’un emploi. Une étude récente menée en Suisse parvient à la conclusion qu’une période de chômage porte atteinte à l’employabilité, et que ce phénomène n’épargne pas les détenteurs d’un certificat fédéral de capacité.

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See detailDifferent but Similar: Personality Traits of Surgeons and Internists. Results of a Cross-Sectional Observational Study
Stienen, Martin N.; Scholtes, Felix; Samuel, Robin; Weil, Alexander; Weyerbrock, Astrid; Surbeck, Werner

in BMJ Open (2018), 8(e02131),

Objectives: Medical practice may attract and possibly enhance distinct personality profiles. We set out to describe the personality profiles of surgical and medical specialties focusing on board-certified physicians. Design: Prospective, observational. Setting: Online survey containing the Ten-Item Personality Inventory (TIPI), an internationally validated measure of the Five Factor Model of personality dimensions, distributed to board-certified physicians, residents and medical students in several European countries and Canada. Differences in personality profiles were analyzed using MANOVA and Canonical Linear Discriminant Analysis on age- and sex-standardized z-scores of the personality traits. Single personality traits were analyzed using robust t-tests. Participants: The TIPI was completed by 2345 board-certified physicians, 1453 residents and 1350 medical students, who also provided demographic information. Interventions: None. Results: Normal population and board-certified physicians’ personality profiles differed (P<0.001). The latter scored higher on conscientiousness, extraversion, and agreeableness, but lower on neuroticism (all P<0.001). There was no difference in openness to experience. Board-certified surgical and medical doctors’ personality profiles were also different (P<0.001). Surgeons scored higher on extraversion (P=0.003) and openness to experience (P=0.002), but lower on neuroticism (P<0.001). There was no difference in agreeableness and conscientiousness. These differences in personality profiles were reproduced at other levels of training, i.e., in students and training physicians engaging in surgical versus medical practice. Conclusion: These results indicate the existence of a distinct and consistent average “physician personality”. Despite high variability within disciplines, there are moderate, but solid and reproducible differences between surgical and medical specialties.

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See detailGesundheitsbeschwerden von Schülern in Luxemburg
Heinz, Andreas; Kern, Matthias Robert; Residori, Caroline; Willems, Helmut

E-print/Working paper (2017)

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See detailDie allgemeine Lebenszufriedenheit von Schülern in Luxemburg
Kern, Matthias Robert; Residori, Caroline; Heinz, Andreas; Willems, Helmut

E-print/Working paper (2017)

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See detailZur Methodik der Studie "Health Behaviour in School-aged Children"
Heinz, Andreas; Kern, Matthias Robert; Residori, Caroline; Willems, Helmut

E-print/Working paper (2017)

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See detailÜbergewicht bei Schülern in Luxemburg
Residori, Caroline; Kern, Matthias Robert; Heinz, Andreas; Willems, Helmut

E-print/Working paper (2017)

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See detailDas Ansehen der Ärzteschaft in Europa - Ein Ländervergleich
Heinz, Andreas; Decieux, Jean Philippe Pierre

in Das Gesundheitswesen (2017), 79

Study objective: Patients expect a lot from doctors. They expect doctors to be trustworthy and competent, to discuss all treatment options with them, to inform them about mistakes made during the treatment and to put their interests before their own interests. This paper examines how the population of Europe assesses doctors in this respect and whether there are countries where the assessments are similar. Methods: In the "International Social Survey Programme - ISSP" the population in 32 countries was asked to assess the doctors in their respective countries. For this paper, data of 27,772 respondents from 18 European countries were analysed. The respondents were asked to rate 5 statements about doctors on a 5-point scale, with 1 indicating a positive assessment and 5 indicating a negative assessment. For each country, the mean values for the statements were calculated and grouped using cluster analysis to identify countries with similar assessments. Results: "Doctors can be trusted" is the statement with the highest approval across all countries, with means ranging from 2.0 in Denmark to 2.7 in Russia. In most countries, the means of the following statements were close to each other: "Doctors discuss all treatment options with their patients", "The medical skills of doctors are as good as they should be", and "Doctors do not care more about their earnings than about their patients." In almost all countries, respondents were particularly skeptical about the statement "Doctors would tell their patients if they had made a mistake during treatment". Four clusters were identified, but there was no cluster that rated among the best for all five statements. With regard to trust, the discussion of treatment options and the pursuit of self-serving interests, doctors in Germany were not rated particularly well or particularly badly. In Germany, the population was more likely to think that doctors would not inform their patients about mistakes during the treatment. Conclusions: Trust in doctors seems to reflect the general level of trust in a country. The question arises why trust in doctors is high across countries if the respondents are much more skeptical regarding the other statements.

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See detailDer Wandel einer jugendpolitischen Agenda – Konsequenzen für die theoretische Konzeption von Jugend. Eine Analyse am Beispiel von Jugendpolitik und Jugendforschung in Luxemburg
Heinen, Andreas

Presentation (2017, September 29)

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See detailDoes relative and subjective family affluence influence overweight, body image and weight reduction behaviour of adolescents in Luxembourg?
Residori, Caroline; Willems, Helmut; Heinz, Andreas

Scientific Conference (2017, June 19)

Plateauing and rising levels of obesity and overweight in children and youth are growing concerns and the relations between socio-economic status (SES) and dietary behaviour and weight outcomes are very varied across countries. Empirical findings about the influences of socio-economic status (SES) on these health behaviours and outcomes differ depending on the measurement of SES used. Considering alternative conceptualisations of SES (measuring absolute, relative or subjective dimensions) is therefore advocated when analysing health inequalities in countries with high levels of overall affluence. As a country with high overall affluence and growing inequalities, Luxembourg allows for a further exploration of socio-economic inequalities in dietary behaviour and weight outcomes of young people in affluent contexts. The analysis aims to identify the relation between socio-economic inequalities and the dietary behaviour and weight outcomes of young people in Luxembourg. Data relating to family affluence, perceived wealth, dietary behaviour and BMI was gathered from 11 to 18 year-old pupils (n= 7233) using the HBSC questionnaire in the context of the 2014 HBSC wave in Luxembourg and is analysed using multiple logistic regression. The results indicate that there are different patterns of association of absolute, relative and subjective affluence with dietary behaviour and weight outcomes of young people aged between 11 and 18 in Luxembourg. While weight outcomes are socially stratified by all aspects of family affluence, after adjustment for overweight body image is associated to subjective family affluence and weight reduction behaviour is associated to absolute and relative family affluence. The results thus confirm a differentiated association of different aspects of SES to dietary behaviour and weight outcomes and confirm, that health inequalities between health outcomes or behaviours are linked to different processes.

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See detailLocalisation résidentielle de la population étrangère selon la nationalité et la structure urbaine au Luxembourg
Pigeron-Piroth, Isabelle; Heinz, Andreas; Caruso, Geoffrey

E-print/Working paper (2017)

The number of foreigners living in Luxembourg is still rising and represents today about 48% of the inhabitants. This study focuses on the description and mapping of the place of residence for the different nationalities living in Luxembourg. It seeks to underline differences through indicators built from the 2011 census data. We focus on the territorial distribution of the different nationalities by taking into account the urban structure and distance to jobs. If differences according to nationalities in the residential behavior of households can be empirically identified they may raise issues of spatial equity and (un)equal accessibility to job market. We analyse whether the geographic location of different nationalities in Luxembourg is linked to urbanisation level, the distance to the “poles d´emploi” or general accessibility to jobs.

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See detailSPSS Code for the "IOTF Body Mass Index Cut-Offs for Thinness, Overweight and Obesity in Children" by Cole & Lobstein 2012
Heinz, Andreas

Software (2017)

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See detailRezension von: Möller, Kurt / Grote, Janne / Nolde, Kai / Schuhmacher, Nils: "Die kann ich nicht ab!" – Ablehnung, Diskriminierung und Gewalt bei Jugendlichen in der (Post-)Migrationsgesellschaft. Wiesbaden: Springer VS 2016.
Heinen, Andreas; Willems, Helmut

in Erziehungswissenschaftliche Revue (2017), 16(3),

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See detailSchwierige Transitionen in Arbeit und Übergangsprobleme aus der Sicht von Jugendlichen und jungen Erwachsenen
Weis, Daniel; Joachim, Patrice

Conference given outside the academic context (2017)

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See detailPolitisches Interesse, politisches Wissen und politische Partizipation der Jugendlichen in Luxemburg. Ergebnisse des Jugendberichts 2015 und Herausforderungen für die politische Bildung
Willems, Helmut; Meyers, Christiane

Speeches/Talks (2017)

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See detailGesellschaftliche und politische Beteiligung Jugendlicher - Empirische Daten und Befunde aus dem Nationalen Bericht zur Situation der Jugend in Luxemburg 2015
Willems, Helmut; Meyers, Christiane

Speeches/Talks (2017)

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See detailIntergenerational differences in social and political participation in Western Europe
Meyers, Christiane

Scientific Conference (2017, January 17)

The global crisis and its negative consequences on living conditions in Europe have led in some countries to massive protests, especially among young persons. Kern et al. (2015) argue that this rising and sudden political engagement can be explained by grievance theory: individuals whose interests are threatened react by engaging themselves politically. However, they also demonstrate that political participation in a more long-term perspective is better explained by the civic voluntarism model. Brady et al. (1995) establish that resources like time, money and civic skills are central for getting politically active. Persons with a low socioeconomic status who possess fewer resources are generally less political active. In a long-term perspective the economic crisis and the deterioration of living conditions should lead to less political participation of young people. I want to use the civic voluntarism model to analyse and describe the changing political participation forms of different generations. Generations are defined as persons having experienced similar historical conditions when growing up, thus developing similar values and beliefs (Grasso, 2014). I will look at the generation of the baby boomers born after World War II and compare them to the generation Y born before the turn of the millennium. Both generations grew up in times of social changes and challenges. I will use a broad definition of participation, which integrates political and social engagement, to look at the different participation modes of the generations (Meyers & Willems, 2016; Sloam, 2014; Dalton, 2008). The analysis is based on data of the European Values Study and uses multivariate methods (factor and cluster analysis) to determine different engagement types within the two generations in Western Europe. Are there signs that the young generation disengages from society? Do they engage themselves in other ways than the older generation? How can the civic voluntarism model help to explain the differences between older and younger generations?

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See detaildoing csy P in luxembourg – lessons learned from the evaluation of interdepartmental collaboration during the youth Pact 2012-2014
Biewers, Sandra; Residori, Caroline; Willems, Helmut

in Magda, Nico; Taru, Marti; Potočnik, Dunja; Salikau, Andrei (Eds.) Needles in haystacks. Finding a way forward for cross-sectoral youth policy (2017)

Cross-sectorality is a well-known aspect of youth policy, but the importance of this aspect does not translate into a common understanding of what cross-sectoral youth policy means and of the ways it can be developed. This book is a collection of articles detailing concrete experiences of cross-sectoral youth policy implementation. It starts with the idea that the efficacy and the sustainability of cross-sectoral youth policy depends on the degree and nature of interaction between various youth policy subdomains and levels, ranging from legal frameworks to interinstitutional or interpersonal relations, and from pan-European to local level. By making these examples available, this book will hopefully support the development of a common understanding of what cross-sectoral youth policy means in different countries and settings. The authors themselves reflect the diversity of the people involved in youth policy (policy makers, youth researchers, youth workers and workers in the field of youth) and this work represents their intention to provide these professionals – as well as others interested in the youth field – with the knowledge necessary to implement, in a real-life scenario, cross-sectoral youth policy.

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See detailYouth Policy in Luxembourg: Legislations, Strategies and Agendas in a European Perspective
Heinen, Andreas; Willems, Helmut

Report (2017)

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See detailMidterm Evaluation Erasmus+. Evaluationsstudie zur Implementierung von Erasmus+ in Luxemburg
Weis, Daniel; Meyers, Christiane; Willems, Helmut

Report (2017)

Der vorliegende Bericht stellt die Ergebnisse der Zwischenevaluation über die Durchführung und die Wirkung des Programms Erasmus+ in Luxemburg vor. Mit der Durchführung der Evaluation und der Berichterstellung wurde die Jugendforschung der Universität Luxemburg unter Leitung von Prof. Dr. Helmut Willems vom zuständigen Ministerium (Ministère de l'Éducation nationale, de l'Enfance et de la Jeunesse) beauftragt. Der vorliegende Evaluationsbericht ergänzt die im Auftrag der Europäischen Kommission parallel erfolgende externe Evaluierung und rückt die nationale luxemburgische Perspektive in den Fokus. Der Schwerpunkt der Evaluation liegt daher auf den Erfahrungen und Rückmeldungen der relevanten Akteure (Ministerium, Agenturen, Projektverantwortliche, Projektteilnehmer) bezüglich der Implementierung, Durchführung und Auswirkungen des Programms in Luxemburg. Deren Einschätzungen werden im Bericht dargestellt.

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See detailResearch-based Analysis of Youth in Action: Results of the surveys with project participants and project leaders between 2011 and 2014 in Luxembourg
Meyers, Christiane; Weis, Daniel; Willems, Helmut

Report (2017)

The following report gives an overview of the results of several surveys realised between 2011 and 2014 in the framework of the Youth in Action programme (YiA) in Luxembourg. The projects evaluated in these studies were all funded under the YiA programme between 2007 and 2013. The YiA programme has been set up by the European Union for young people aged 13 to 30 years in order to promote mobility within and beyond the EU's borders, non‐formal learning and intercultural dialogue.

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See detailPartizipation: Ein vielseitiges Konzept
Neumann, Sascha; Hekel, Nicole

in Mercator Magazin - Mitreden, mitbestimmen, mitgestalten. Partizipation von Kindern und Jugendlichen (2017), 2

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See detailDer Übergang in Arbeit und seine Auswirkungen auf die gesellschaftliche Integration und das Erwachsenwerden. Transitionsverläufe, Probleme und Bewältigungsmuster von Jugendlichen und jungen Erwachsenen.
Weis, Daniel; Joachim, Patrice

in Stephan Lessenich (Hg.) 2017: Geschlossene Gesellschaften. Verhandlungen des 38. Kongresses der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Soziologie in Bamberg 2016. (2017)

Im Beitrag werden eine Typologie von Transitionsverläufen und Bewältigungsmustern junger Menschen in Luxemburg sowie deren subjektive Perspektiven auf das Erwachsenwerden und Erwachsensein vorgestellt. Durch die typologische Einordnung auf Basis der individuellen Erfahrungen und Deutungen können Erfolgsfaktoren, Gelingensbedingungen und Hemmnisse für den Übergang ins Erwerbsleben identifiziert werden. Dabei zeigt sich, dass der Übergang in Arbeit zwar maßgeblich die gesellschaftliche Integration junger Menschen beeinflusst, das subjektive Gefühl des Erwachsenseins davon aber durchaus unabhängig sein kann.

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See detailThe Role of Perceived Stress and Self-Efficacy in Young People’s Life Satisfaction: A Longitudinal Study
Burger, Kaspar; Samuel, Robin

in Journal of Youth and Adolescence (2017), 46(1), 78-90

Life satisfaction is an important indicator of successful development. However, adolescents’ life satisfaction tends to be relatively unsteady, and environmental influences play a critical role in shaping life satisfaction among adolescents in the transition to young adulthood. Given the paramount importance that education plays in adolescents’ lives, adolescents’ life satisfaction may vary as a function of school-related stress experience. At the same time, coping resources may help reduce adverse effects of stress on life satisfaction. With this in mind, we examined whether, and to what extent, perceived stress in education and general self-efficacy (a resource that facilitates coping) affect the life satisfaction of adolescents in transition to young adulthood. We distinguished between baseline levels of stress and self-efficacy and within-person change in stress and self-efficacy to determine whether life satisfaction is sensitive to fluctuations in stress and self-efficacy when person-specific levels of stress and self-efficacy are taken into account. Estimating growth curve models on data from a panel study on the life trajectories of compulsory-school leavers (n = 5126, 55.3 % female), we found that baseline levels of stress and self-efficacy, as well as within-person change in stress and self-efficacy, affected adolescents’ life satisfaction. Moreover, our results showed that baseline self-efficacy mitigated the negative effect of baseline stress on life satisfaction. These findings improve our understanding of two major psychological determinants of adolescents’ life satisfaction and extend our knowledge of life satisfaction trajectories during the transition to young adulthood.

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See detailMale Breadwinning Revisited: How Specialisation, Gender Role Attitudes and Work Characteristics Affect Overwork and Underwork in Europe
Kanji, Shireen; Samuel, Robin

in Sociology (2017), 51(2), 339-356

We examine how male breadwinning and fatherhood relate to men’s overwork and underwork in western Europe. Male breadwinners should be less likely to experience overwork than other men, particularly when they have children, if specialising in paid work suits them. However, multinomial logistic regression analysis of the European Social Survey data from 2010 (n = 4662) challenges this position: male breadwinners, with and without children, want to work fewer than their actual hours, making visible one of the downsides of specialisation. Male breadwinners wanting to work fewer hours is specifically related to the job interfering with family life, as revealed by a comparison of the average marginal effects of variables across models. Work–life interference has an effect over and beyond the separate effects of work characteristics and family structure, showing the salience of the way work and life articulate.

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See detailLebensstile, Konsum und Zukunftsperspektiven junger Erwachsener in der Schweiz
Samuel, Robin; Berger, Lena; Bergman, Manfred Max

Book published by Somedia (2017)

Bei der Erhebung von 50'000 stellungspflichtigen Männern in den Jahren 2012/13 sowie rund 1’800 gleichaltrigen Schweizerinnen standen zwei Fragen im Vordergrund. Erstens: Was sind die aktuellen Lebens- und Zukunftsvorstellungen der jungen Erwachsenen? Und: Welche Rolle spielen neue Medien im Leben einer der ersten Generationen von Digital Natives? Die Vergleiche mit früheren ch-x-Erhebungen bei den jungen Erwachsenen an der Schwelle von der Jugend- ins Erwachsenenalter belegen eine hohe Trendstabilität bei den Grundwerten, bei der Rangierung der Wichtigkeit von Lebensbereichen sowie bei den Determinanten der Berufswahl und den Familien- und Geschlechterrollenbildern. Werte, Familie und Freizeit Junge Erwachsene streben nach Unabhängigkeit und Selbstverwirklichung, betonen individuelle Bedürfnisse und aspirieren auf einen hohen sozialen Status mittels beruflichem Erfolg. Sie rangieren die Wichtigkeit der Lebensbereiche gleich wie die Befragten früherer ch-x-Erhebungen. Bei der Familiengestaltung sind herkömmliche Familien- und Geschlechtermodelle nach wie vor hoch im Kurs. Man möchte heiraten und Kinder haben. Der Mann wird ungebrochen in der Ernährerrolle gesehen, während die Frau sich um die Familie kümmern sollte. Diesbezüglich unterscheiden sich die Lebensansichten und Zukunftsvorstellungen der Digital Natives nur geringfügig von denjenigen der vorhergehenden Generationen. Wandel prägt indes das Freizeitverhalten insofern, als informationstechnische Unterhaltungsangebote und soziale Netzwerke neben herkömmlichen Medien zu wichtigen Gestaltungsfaktoren für die Freizeit avanciert sind. Die jungen Erwachsenen stehen heute in einem sich akzentuierenden Spannungsfeld zwischen dem Wunsch nach Selbstverwirklichung und dem Festhalten an traditionellen institutionalisierten Strukturen und Rollenbildern. Für erstere bieten die neuen digitalen Medien in Art und Form zahlreiche neue Optionen, die rege genutzt werden. Für letztere steht das Festhalten an klassischen Familienmodellen und hohen Berufszielen. Damit steht diese Generation vor der Herausforderung, viele nur noch schwer zu vereinbarende Wünsche mit gesellschaftlichen Erwartungen in Übereinstimmung zu bringen.

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See detailExplaining employers’ hiring decisions: A comparative study of employers’ risk assessment
Imdorf, Christian; Shi, Lulu P.; Sacchi, Stefan; Samuel, Robin; Hyggen, Christer; Stoilova, Rumiana; Yordanova, Gabriela; Boyadjieva, Pepka; Ilieva-Trichkova, Petya; Parsanoglou, Dimitris; Yfanti, Aggeliki

E-print/Working paper (2017)

In order to investigate the scarring effect of early job insecurity on future employment chances we have implemented a factorial survey experiment with recruiters based on real vacancies in Bulgaria, Greece, Norway and Switzerland. We contribute to recruitment research at least in three ways: First, the multinational design allows us to run comparative analysis across countries, which are carried out along the national dimensions youth unemployment rate, employment protection regulation and type of educational system. Second, we differentiate between two different forms of early job insecurity – unemployment and work experience in deskilling jobs, and we demonstrate that the sole focus on unemployment, as it is the case in the prevalent labour market research, is not sufficient in order to fully understand labour market outcomes caused by different forms of job insecurities. Third, since our sample consists of real recruiters who were hiring for current jobs at the time when the study was carried out, we provide a unique cross-country data set of high external validity. Our findings suggest that scarring effects of early job insecurity vary across countries and across occupational fields, and while scarring caused by work experience in deskilling jobs seems to be enforced by strong employment protection regulations, unemployment scarring seems to stronger where national unemployment is low. Further, the differences in recruiter’s evaluation across occupational fields indicate that signalling value of education may vary depending on specific sectors. Not at least, we contribute to debates around active labour market policies, arguing that measures aiming at quick labour market reintegration without consideration of job quality may not be the most sustainable solution, as work experience in a deskilling job does not lead to better recruiter’s evaluation.

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See detailSchwierige Transitionen in Arbeit und Übergangsprobleme aus der Sicht von Jugendlichen
Weis, Daniel; Schumacher, Anette

Conference given outside the academic context (2016)

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See detailResearch on ‘Youth in Action’ projects in Luxembourg: the variety of learning effects on participants
Meyers, Christiane

Scientific Conference (2016, November 08)

The European Union promotes young people's mobility since a lot of years by specific programmes. In the area of non-formal activities, the Youth in Action programme supports individual mobility activities as well as group mobility of young persons and youth workers. Although the programme is very successful, there existed not much knowledge about the effects of the projects on participants and project leaders. Therefore, in 2008 a small group of countries founded the RAY network - 'Research-based analysis and monitoring of Youth in action' – which has expanded since then and comprises today 31 countries. Its goal is to permanently gather and analyse data on the processes and outcomes of the YiA programme and its successor programme. Luxembourg joined the RAY network in 2010 and participated from 2011 to 2014 in 6 surveys in the framework of the YiA programme. During this time about 589 project participants and 252 project leaders answered the online questionnaires, which were sent to them some time after the end of the activity. In addition to the quantitative survey, a qualitative study on the effects of non-formal learning in the projects was realised in 2012/2013. In my presentation I want to show some of the results found in Luxembourg. Among other things, I will present a factor analysis on the competences, skills and attitudes developed by the participants and show how different project types can influence these effects.

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See detailUnderstanding unemployment scars: A vignette Experiment of employers' decisions in Bulgaria, Greece, Norway and Switzerland
Hyggen, Christer; Imdorf, Christian; Parsanaglou, Dimitris; Sacchi, Stefan; Samuel, Robin; Stoilova, Rumiana; Shi, Lulu P.; Yfanti, Aggeliki; Yordanova, Gabriela

E-print/Working paper (2016)

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See detailDer Übergang in Arbeit und seine Auswirkungen auf die gesellschaftliche Integration und das Erwachsenwerden von Jugendlichen
Joachim, Patrice; Weis, Daniel

Scientific Conference (2016, September 29)

Die Phase des Übergangs vom Jugend- zum Erwachsenenalter wird von gesellschaftlichen Normvorstellungen und entsprechenden Erwartungen begleitet. Aus entwicklungspsychologischer Perspektive werden den Jugendlichen bestimmte Entwicklungsaufgaben zugeschrieben, die in dieser Phase bewältigt werden sollen (Havighurst 1972). Darunter werden Anforderungen an das Individuum verstanden, deren Bewältigung zu einer erfolgreichen gesellschaftlichen Integration notwendig ist. Zu den Wesentlichen gehören die Ablösung vom Elternhaus, die Gründung einer eigenen Familie, die Aufnahme einer Erwerbstätigkeit und damit zusammenhängend eine ökonomische Unabhängigkeit (Hurrelmann 2009, Kerckhoff 2000, Merkens 2012). Im Widerspruch zu diesen Normen stehen die zu beobachtenden Tendenzen einer immer weniger normierten Transitionsgestaltung: Übergänge werden zunehmend individueller und verlaufen weniger einheitlich (Konietzka 2010). Diese Entwicklung führte in den vergangenen Jahren und Jahrzehnten zu einer Verlängerung der Jugendphase (Zinnecker 2003), einer Verlagerung von Transitionsmarkern auf einen späteren Zeitpunkt, einer Entkopplung von Transitionsereignissen sowie einer Diversität bzw. De-Standardisierung von Verläufen (Stauber/Walther 2004). Damit einhergehend ist die Phase des Übergangs mit geringerer Sicherheit und Planbarkeit sowie höherem Risiko für das Individuum verbunden. Dies betrifft insbesondere den Übergang junger Menschen in den Arbeitsmarkt, der im Fokus des Vortrags steht. Vorgestellt wird eine Typologie von Transitionsverläufen und Bewältigungsmustern junger Menschen in Luxemburg sowie deren subjektive Perspektiven auf das Erwachsenwerden und Erwachsensein. Durch die typologische Einordnung auf Basis der individuellen Erfahrungen und Deutungen können Erfolgsfaktoren, Gelingensbedingungen und Hemmnisse für den Übergang ins Erwerbsleben identifiziert werden. Dabei zeigt sich, dass Transitionsprobleme zu Maßnahmenkarrieren, Armut, sozialer Exklusion und gesundheitlichen bzw. psychischen Beeinträchtigungen führen können. Sie erschweren aber nicht nur die gesellschaftliche Integration, sondern haben darüber hinaus auch Einfluss auf das subjektive Gefühl des Erwachsenseins. Die Präsentation basiert auf den Ergebnissen einer qualitativen Befragung von 77 Jugendlichen und jungen Erwachsenen im Rahmen des luxemburgischen Jugendberichts 2015.

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See detailNationaler Bericht zur Situation der Jugend in Luxemburg 2015. Gesellschaftliche und politische Beteiligung Jugendlicher
Meyers, Christiane; Weis, Daniel

Presentation (2016, September 20)

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See detailCrucial components in successfully mastering the transition into work – Patterns of coping
Schumacher, Anette; Weis, Daniel

Scientific Conference (2016, September 17)

Research issue: Sociological and psychological theories (Hurrelmann & Quenzel, 2012; Havighurst, 1972) consider a successfully accomplishing of certain developmental task as master challenge of youth. Regarding the economic situation, the transition into work is nowadays a big issue for young people. As a result of social liberalisation and individualisation, developmental tasks and social roles can be more individually chosen and shaped, offering both advantages (more personal freedom) and disadvantages (greater personal responsibility, less strong orientation). How do the Luxembourgish youth of today handle the transition into work in the light of the above and what are the crucial components in successfully mastering the transition into work? Research questions: Our interests are related to the speed, the time and the degree of success of the transition and the coping strategies behind. In what way transition into work is influenced by gender, nationality/migration status and level of education? What are the varying processes, rationales and patterns for accomplishing the transition into work? And what is the role of support services for young people facing problems during the transition? Context and data: The research is based on various data sources. A secondary data analyses was used to a systematic description of young people differentiated by age, level of education and nationality/migration status with regard to transition markers. We devote particular attention to the participation of the young people themselves as experts in our research methods. 77 guideline-based interviews with young people were used to collect subjective information about their coping strategies to accomplish the transition into work. A standardized survey of participants in support services focused on their experiences and their learning outcomes was filled out by 1162 young persons. Experts from academia, professional practice, administration and politics together with representatives of young people participated in 11 focus group discussions. The triangulation of different methodical approaches and different data sources resulted in a broad and multi-perspective representation of young people’s transition into adulthood. Main results: 1) There is a big influence of the educational qualifications, the migration status and family support. For adolescents with average or high educational qualifications the transition into adulthood is easier (less frequently unemployed, find jobs matching their qualifications, more permanent employment contracts). Young people with poor school leaving qualifications face considerable difficulty with the transition into work. An analysis differentiating levels of education by migration background and nationality shows large differences. The data also demonstrates in particular the important supporting role played by the family (financial or emotional, acting as a role model, providing information or informal knowledge, or access to networks). 2) Furthermore our study identified widely varying processes, rationales and patterns for accomplishing the transition. Four types of transition could be identified (direct transition, alternative transition, transition requiring support and failed transition), distinguished by the different strategies for action, values, perspectives and attitudes. 3) The results of the survey indicate some subjective benefit of support service participation, but also potential for improvement.

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See detail“Taking over responsibility” as a subjective transition marker from youth into adulthood
Heinen, Andreas; Joachim, Patrice

Scientific Conference (2016, September 02)

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See detail“Starting a family is starting adulthood” Young people’s subjective meaning of parenthood for the transition to adulthood: Findings from the Luxembourgish Youth Report 2015
Heinen, Andreas

Scientific Conference (2016, July 09)

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See detailRegards sur langues au travail
Heinz, Andreas; Fehlen, Fernand

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Le français se trouve en tête des langues parlées au travail par les résidents, suivi du luxembourgeois. C’est la langue la plus parlée dans tous les secteurs économiques du privé, tandis que le luxembourgeois a ses bastions dans le secteur public et parapublic. Le français connaît une forte présence dans pratiquement tous les grands groupes CITP (Classification Internationale Type des Professions). Le luxembourgeois est la langue la plus utilisée dans l'armée et dans l’agriculture, tandis que le portugais est surreprésenté parmi les artisans et les ouvriers non qualifiés. L’anglais est largement utilisé dans les professions qui exigent une éducation formelle élevée, alors que le portugais est surtout utilisé dans les professions nécessitant seulement une éducation formelle faible. Comme l’implantation des différentes branches économiques n’est pas homogène dans le pays, on peut constater une forte variation géographique pour l’utilisation des langues au travail.

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See detailRegards sur l'intégration linguistique
Heinz, Andreas; Fehlen, Fernand

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Les Luxembourgeois nés au Luxembourg se distinguent de manière significative de ceux nés à l'étranger. De même, les proportions des principales langues diffèrent parmi les étrangers, s’ils sont nés au Luxembourg ou s’ils y sont venus au cours de leur vie. Si les deux parents sont nés au Luxembourg, la langue principale est pratiquement toujours le luxembourgeois. Cependant, si un parent est né à l'étranger, le luxembourgeois est la langue principale dans un peu plus de trois quarts des cas. Pratiquement tous les immigrés allemands ont l’allemand ou le luxembourgeois comme langue principale tandis que les Français indiquent pour des périodes d'immigration comparables moins souvent le luxembourgeois comme langue principale. Une forte proportion des immigrés portugais conserve le portugais comme langue principale.

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See detailNationaler Bericht zur Situation der Jugend in Luxemburg 2015. Übergänge vom Jugend- ins Erwachsenenalter. Verläufe – Risikofaktoren – Unterstützungsangebote
Willems, Helmut; Heinen, Andreas; Schumacher, Anette; Meyers, Christiane

Presentation (2016, March 01)

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See detailFinancing patterns of European SMEs – an empirical taxonomy
Moritz, Alexandra; Block, Jörn; Heinz, Andreas

in Venture Capital (2016), 18(2), 115-148

This paper develops an empirical taxonomy of SME financing patterns in Europe by performing a cluster analysis including 12,726 SMEs in 28 European countries. The results reveal that SME financing in Europe is not homogenous but that different financing patterns exist. The cluster analysis identifies six distinct SME financing types: mixed-financed SMEs, state-subsidised SMEs, debt-financed SMEs, flexible-debt-financed SMEs, trade-financed SMEs and internally financed SMEs. These SME financing types differ according to the number of financing instruments used and the combinations thereof. Furthermore, the SME financing types can be profiled according to their firm-, product-, industry- and country-specific characteristics. Our findings support policy-makers in assessing the impact of policy changes on SME financing and in designing financing programmes tailored to the specific needs of SMEs.

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See detailÜbergänge vom Jugend- ins Erwachsenenalter: Verläufe – Risikofaktoren – Unterstützungsangebote. Nationaler Bericht zur Situation der Jugend in Luxemburg 2015
Willems, Helmut; Meyers, Christiane; Schumacher, Anette

Speeches/Talks (2016)

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See detailZum Alkoholkonsum Jugendlicher innerhalb der Peergruppe und im öffentlichen Raum - Ergebnisse einer empirischen Studie
Biewers, Sandra; Joachim, Patrice

in Kastenbutt, Burkhard; Legnaro, Aldo; Schmieder, Arnold (Eds.) Rauschdiskurse (2016)

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See detailHow Welfare-State Regimes Shape Subjective Well-Being Across Europe
Samuel, Robin; Hadjar, Andreas

in Social Indicators Research (2016), 129(2), 565-587

Welfare-state regimes achieve different outcomes in dealing with social inequalities. For example, the social democratic or Scandinavian welfare-state regime is often considered as the most egalitarian with a high social transfer rate and a comparably low level of income inequality. While most research on welfare-state regimes focuses on objective indicators of quality of life and inequalities, we are interested in how citizens actually evaluate their lives, using subjective well-being (SWB) as an indicator. The paper deals with two research questions: (1) How does the welfare-state regime affect subjective well-being, and (2) does the welfare-state regime influence the effect of status on SWB? Status is an essential first-order goal to produce subjective well-being according to the social production theory of Lindenberg and colleagues (Ormel et al. 1999), but is also linked to many other instrumental goals such as comfort and stimulation. The study carries out a multilevel analysis using pooled European Social Survey data from the years 2002–2012, covering more than 30 European countries. While we first look at how status drives SWB levels in different welfare-state regimes as classified by Esping-Andersen 1990, 1999), our focus is mainly on cross-level interactions between welfare-state regime type and the relationship between status and SWB. Our results provide evidence that social-democratic welfare-state regimes not only provide for living standards that are associated with the highest SWB levels, but also compensate best for status differences in SWB compared to other welfare-state regimes.

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See detailDie Luxemburger Mehrsprachigkeit - Ergebnisse einer Volkszählung
Fehlen, Fernand; Heinz, Andreas

Book published by transcript (2016)

Mit seinen drei Verwaltungssprachen und seiner kosmopolitischen Bevölkerung ist Luxemburg ein gern benutztes Fallbeispiel für soziolinguistische und sprachenpolitische Studien. Viele Fragen sind dabei jedoch bislang offen geblieben. Vor dem Hintergrund einer Volkszählung gelingt es diesem Band, viele Leerstellen zu füllen: Wer spricht welche Sprachen zu Hause, in der Schule und am Arbeitsplatz? Wie groß sind die jeweiligen Sprachgemeinschaften und welche Sprachen dominieren in welchen Berufen und in welchen Regionen? Wie hoch ist der Anteil der Migrantinnen und Migranten, die Luxemburgisch sprechen?

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See detailQuality of life of people living with HIV/AIDS: Effects of illness perception and coping strategies
Catunda, Carolina; Seidl, Eliane Maria Fleury; Lemetayer, Fabienne

in Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa (2016), 32

This study aims to investigate the quality of life (QOL) predictors of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA), from the perspective of Leventhal’s Self-Regulation Model, in which the influence of the illness perception on QOL is mediated by coping strategies. Ninety-five PLWHA answered to the instruments Brief IPQ, Brief Cope and WHOQOL-HIV BREF concerning, respectively, illness perception, coping strategies and QOL. The results indicate that illness perception has direct and indirect effects in QOL, mediated by coping strategies. The more HIV is perceived as threatening, the worse is the perception of QOL of PLWHA; however, the increased use of acceptance, distraction and instrumental support coping strategies and the less use of behavioral disengagement and positive reinterpretation could mitigate this negative effect.

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See detailQualidade de vida de pessoas vivendo com HIV/aids: efeitos da percepção da doença e de estratégias de enfrentamento.
Catunda, Carolina; Seidl, Eliane Maria Fleury; Lemetayer, Fabienne

in Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa (2016), 32

A pesquisa objetivou investigar preditores da qualidade de vida (QV) de pessoas vivendo com HIV/aids (PVHA), baseada no modelo de autorregulação de Leventhal, no qual a influência da percepção da doença na QV é mediada por estratégias de enfrentamento. Foram 95 PVHA a responder aos instrumentos Brief IPQ, Brief Cope e WHOQOL-HIV Bref relativos, respectivamente, à percepção da doença, estratégias de enfrentamento e QV. Os resultados indicaram que a percepção da doença teve efeito direto e indireto na QV, mediado por estratégias de enfrentamento. Maior percepção de ameaça da doença associou-se à pior QV percebida; porém, o uso mais frequente das estratégias aceitação, distração e suporte instrumental e a menor utilização de desengajamento comportamental e de reinterpretação positiva amenizaram esse efeito negativo.

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See detailImpact of HIV Perception on the on the Quality of Life of People Living with HIV - Mediation Effects of Flexible and Tenacious Goal Pursuit
Catunda, Carolina; Seidl, Eliane Maria Fleury; Lemetayer, Fabienne

in Psychology, Health and Medicine (2016), 22

Medical advances contribute to raise life expectancy of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV). However, they still face challenges related to the disease, thus, quality of life (QOL) became a priority on the field. The self-regulatory model (SRM) guided this study. Illness perceptions (IP) are the beliefs, cognitions, representations of a disease, impacting PLHIV coping strategies and QOL. Tenacious goal pursuit (TGP) is the pursuit of goals with determination, flexible goal adjustment (FGA) is doing it with flexibility, disengaging if necessary, they can both be considered as coping strategies. This study aims to measure the impact of HIV Perception in the QOL of PLHIV mediated by the TGP and FGA. Data was collected from 196 PLHIV with the WHOQOL-HIV Bref, the Brief-IPQ and the FGA and TGP scales. Structural equation model provided a good fit consistent with the theoretical SRM. IP, TGP and FGA had direct effects on the QOL of PLHIV. IP had also an indirect effect (partially mediated by TGP/FGA), suggesting that TGP/FGA reduce the impact of a threatening IP in the QOL. Goal oriented interventions should focus in the HIV perception of PLHIV to ameliorate their QOL

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See detailAggregation, Validation, and Generalization of Qualitative Data - Methodological and Practical Research Strategies Illustrated by the Research Process of an empirically Based Typology
Weis, Daniel; Willems, Helmut

in Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science (2016)

The article deals with the question of how aggregated data which allow for generalizable insights can be generated from single-case based qualitative investigations. Thereby, two central challenges of qualitative social research are outlined: First, researchers must ensure that the single-case data can be aggregated and condensed so that new collective structures can be detected. Second, they must apply methods and practices to allow for the generalization of the results beyond the specific study. In the following, we demonstrate how and under what conditions these challenges can be addressed in research practice. To this end, the research process of the construction of an empirically based typology is described. A qualitative study, conducted within the framework of the Luxembourg Youth Report, is used to illustrate this process. Specifically, strategies are presented which increase the likelihood of generalizability or transferability of the results, while also highlighting their limitations.

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See detailImpact of Insecure Employment Trajectories on Employers' Hiring Decisions in Switzerland
Shi, Lulu P.; Imdorf, Christian; Samuel, Robin; Sacchi, Stefan

in Baslé, Maurice; Beaupère, Nathalie; Guéguen, Chantal; Issehnane, Sabina (Eds.) Les transitions professionnelles tout au long de la vie. Nouveaux regards, nouveaux sens, nouvelles temporalités ? (2016)

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See detailGestaltung von Jugendpolitik als transversale Kooperation
Residori, Caroline; Reichert, Claudine; Biewers, Sandra; Willems, Helmut

Report (2015)

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See detailVictimization and Safety in Luxembourg - Findings of the "Enquête sur la sécurité 2013"
Heinz, Andreas; Steffgen, Georges; Willems, Helmut

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Cette publication présente les principaux résultats de « l'Enquête sur la sécurité 2013 » réalisée au Luxembourg par le STATEC et l'Université du Luxembourg/INSIDE. Les principaux objectifs de l’enquête étaient de mesurer les taux de prévalence des délits de droit commun et de sonder les comportements relatifs à la délinquance et la sécurité.

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See detailBuilding Strategic Cooperation: The Implementation of Cross-Sectoral Youth Policy in Luxembourg - Findings from an Evaluation Study
Residori, Caroline; Reichert, Claudine; Biewers, Sandra; Willems, Helmut

Report (2015)

This report summarises the main findings of the evaluation of the Luxemburgish Youth Pact for an international audience and focuses on the implementation of a cross‐sectoral youth policy and cross-sectoral collaboration.

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See detailFinancing Patterns of European SMEs: An Empirical Taxonomy
Moritz, Alexandra; Block, Joern; Heinz, Andreas

E-print/Working paper (2015)

This EIF Working Paper takes a holistic approach to investigate SME financing patterns in Europe by performing a cluster analysis including 12,726 SMEs in 28 European countries. The results reveal that SME financing in Europe is not homogenous but that different financing patterns exist. The cluster analysis identifies six distinct SME financing types: mixed-financed SMEs, state-subsidised SMEs, debt-financed SMEs, flexible-debt-financed SMEs, trade-financed SMEs and internally-financed SMEs. These SME financingtypes differ according to the number of financing instruments used and the combinations thereof. Furthermore, the SME financing types can be profiled according to their firm-, product-, industry- and country- specific characteristics. Our findings can support policy makers in assessing the impact of policy changes on SME financing and in designing financing programs tailored to the specific needs of SMEs.

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See detailEffects of question order on the assessment of police performance
Heinz, Andreas; Steffgen, Georges

in Criminology as unitas multiplex : Theoretical, epistemological and methodological developments - Book of Abstracts (2015, August 27)

Background Answering questions in a survey is a complex cognitive process. The question order plays a key role in this process: Preceding questions may activate information that may not have come to the respondents’ minds if other question had been asked. The activated information in turn can influence how respondents answer subsequent questions (“priming”). An example: Asking questions about victimization in the past 5 years may make non-victims realize that they were not victimized in the past 5 years. Realizing this may “prime” the subsequent answers of non-victims resulting for example in a very positive assessment of police performance. Experimental approach In the International Crime Victims Survey (ICVS) 2005, the respondents were first asked whether they had fallen victim to different crimes in the past 5 years. Crime victims, who had reported the crime to the police, were asked to rate their satisfaction with the way the police handled the crime. After these specific questions addressing the victims only, all respondents were asked the following question to assess police performance in general “Taking everything into account, how good do you think the police in your area are at controlling crime?“ We wondered whether this question order affected the assessment of police performance. To discover a potential question-order effect, a split-ballot experiment was conducted within a follow-up of the ICVS – the Luxembourgish “Enquête sur la sécurité 2013“ (N = 3025). Half of the respondents were asked the general question regarding police performance at the beginning of the questionnaire before the questions concerning victimization and victimization details (Group 1). The other half answered the general question after the specific questions (Group 2). Results Respondents in group 2 (general question at the end) were less likely to choose the extreme categories “very good job” (G2: 6.7% vs G1: 11.5%) and “very bad job” (G2: 1.3% vs G1: 2.6%) and instead were more likely to choose “don’t know” (G2: 7.7% vs G1: 3.4%; Sig. <.001). Furthermore, the question order had a strong effect on the sub-group of respondents who were dissatisfied with the way the police handled a crime. Respondents who had already expressed dissatisfaction (group 2) were much more likely to say the police in Luxembourg are doing a “very good/good job” than respondents with the opposite question order (G2: 62.6% vs G1: 39.8%; Sig. = .002). This result suggests a “contrast effect” of asking the more specific question first; i.e., respondents did not consider the negative information regarding their dissatisfaction with the way the police handled a specific crime when they answered the general question regarding police performance. Conclusion The question order affects the assessment of police performance by activating information that is relevant for the assessment. Researcher should conduct split-ballot experiments if they think that preceding questions “prime” subsequent answers.

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See detailPartizipation von Kindern und Jugendlichen in Luxemburg
Meyers, Christiane; Willems, Helmut

Conference given outside the academic context (2015)

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See detailDie aktuellen Familienkonzepte der Europäischen Kommission und ihre Umsetzung in der Volkszählung 2011 – Ein Erfahrungsbericht aus Luxemburg
Heinz, Andreas; Willems, Helmut

in DGD-Online-Publikation (2015, March 13), (01/2015), 114-121

In der luxemburgischen Volkszählung 2001 wurde die Haushaltszusammensetzung erhoben, indem abgefragt wurde, in welcher Beziehung jedes Haushaltsmitglied zur Referenzperson steht. Diese Frage ist leicht zu beantworten und die Methode wird bis heute in zahlreichen Umfragen genutzt. Das Hauptproblem dieser Methode besteht darin, dass nicht erhoben wird, in welcher Beziehung die Nichtreferenzpersonen untereinander stehen. Damit ist die Information über die Haushaltszusammensetzung davon abhängig, wer den Fragebogen ausfüllt: Über ein und denselben Haushalt können unterschiedliche Angaben vorliegen, je nachdem ob die Mutter, der Großvater oder eine sonstige Person den Fragebogen ausfüllt. Diese Methode ist für die familiensoziologische Forschung wenig ergiebig und sie reicht nicht aus, um die Vorgaben der EU für die Volkszählungen 2011 zu erfüllen. Daher wurden zum einen Antwortkategorien ergänzt und zum anderen wurden die Beziehungen von jedem Haushaltsmitglied zu jedem anderen erhoben. Bei der ersten Umsetzung im Jahr 2011 bedeutet dies einen höheren Aufwand für die Aufbereitung der Daten vor der Eingabe sowie für die Einteilung gemäß der EU-Klassifikation. Allerdings ist mit dieser Methode ein deutlich höherer Informationsgehalt verbunden. Des Weiteren ist davon auszugehen, dass der Aufwand für erneute Anwendung im Jahr 2021 deutlich geringer ausfällt, sofern mehr Personen den Fragebogen der Volkszählung online ausfüllen und die EU-Klassifikation beibehalten wird. Inhaltlich eignet sich die EU-Klassifikation sehr gut, um familiensoziologische Fragen zu beantworten. Exemplarisch wird dies anhand unterschiedlichen private Übergänge von der Jugend zum Erwachsenenalter sowie der Übergänge vom mittleren zum höheren Erwachsenenalter der luxemburgischen und portugiesischen Bevölkerung Luxemburgs gezeigt.

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See detailZentrale Ergebnisse, Schlussfolgerungen und Herausforderungen
Willems, Helmut; Schumacher, Anette; Biewers, Sandra; Heinen, Andreas; Joachim, Patrice; Meyers, Christiane; Weis, Daniel

in Willems, Helmut (Ed.) Übergänge vom Jugend- ins Erwachsenenalter: Verläufe, Perspektiven, Herausforderungen (2015)

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See detailÜbergänge vom Jugend- ins Erwachsenenalter: Verläufe, Perspektiven, Herausforderungen
Willems, Helmut; Weis, Daniel; Biewers, Sandra; Haas, Christina; Heinen, Andreas; Joachim, Patrice; Meyers, Christiane; Scharf, Jan; Schumacher, Anette; Vuori, Andreas Wilhelm

in MENJE; UL (Eds.) Übergänge vom Jugend- ins Erwachsenenalter. Kurzfassung des nationalen Berichtes zur Situation der Jugend in Luxemburg 2015 (2015)

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See detailThe transition from youth into adulthood: processes, perspectives, challenges
Willems, Helmut; Weis, Daniel; Biewers, Sandra; Haas, Christina; Heinen, Andreas; Joachim, Patrice; Meyers, Christiane; Scharf, Jan; Schumacher, Anette; Vuori, Andreas Wilhelm

in MENJE; UL (Eds.) The Transition from Youth into Adulthood. Summary of the National Report on the Situation of Young People in Luxembourg 2015 (2015)

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See detailÜbergänge vom Bildungssystem in die Arbeitswelt
Schumacher, Anette; Haas, Christina; Weis, Daniel; Heinen, Andreas

in Willems, Helmut (Ed.) Übergänge vom Jugend- ins Erwachsenenalter: Verläufe, Perspektiven, Herausforderungen (2015)

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See detailVorstellungen Jugendlicher vom Erwachsenwerden und Erwachsensein
Weis, Daniel; Joachim, Patrice

in Willems, Helmut (Ed.) Übergänge vom Jugend- ins Erwachsenenalter: Verläufe, Perspektiven, Herausforderungen (2015)

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See detailDoes upward social mobility increase life satisfaction? A longitudinal analysis using British and Swiss panel data
Hadjar, Andreas; Samuel, Robin

in Research in Social Stratification and Mobility (2015), 39

A main assumption of social production function theory is that status is a major determinant of subjective well-being (SWB). From the perspective of the dissociative hypothesis, however, upward social mobility may be linked to identity problems, distress, and reduced levels of SWB because upwardly mobile people lose their ties to their class of origin. In this paper, we examine whether or not one of these arguments holds. We employ the United Kingdom and Switzerland as case studies because both are linked to distinct notions regarding social inequality and upward mobility. Longitudinal multilevel analyses based on panel data (UK: BHPS, Switzerland: SHP) allow us to reconstruct individual trajectories of life satisfaction (as a cognitive component of SWB) along with events of intragenerational and intergenerational upward mobility—taking into account previous levels of life satisfaction, dynamic class membership, and well-studied determinants of SWB. Our results show some evidence for effects of social class and social mobility on well-being in the UK sample, while there are no such effects in the Swiss sample. The UK findings support the idea of dissociative effects in terms of a negative effect of intergenerational upward mobility on SWB.

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See detailFührt eine negative Erfahrung mit der Polizei zwangsläufig zu einer negativen Bewertung der Polizei? Die Rolle von Assimilations- und Kontrasteffekten bei "part-whole question sequences"
Heinz, Andreas; Steffgen, Georges

in Monatsschrift für Kriminologie und Strafrechtsreform (2015), 98(4), 320-334

Method research has shown that responses to an item can depend on the question order. This applies especially to part-whole question sequences: If a specific item is asked before a general item, the respondents might react in two different ways. They might include their validation of the specific item into the assessment of the general item (assimilation effect) or they might ignore them (contrast effect). Although many questionnaires contain part-whole question sequences, these effects are rarely discussed or even investigated in applied research. The article outlines the theoretical background of question order effects in general with a particular regard to part-whole question sequences. Furthermore, a split ballot experiment verifies the impact of question order effects on the general assessment of the police.

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See detailAdvances in understanding energy consumption behavior and the governance of its change – outline of an integrated framework
Burger, Paul; Bezençon, Valéry; Bornemann, Basil; Brosch, Tobias; Carabias-Hütter, Vicente; Farsi, Mehdi; Hille, Stefanie Lena; Moser, Corinne; Ramseier, Céline; Samuel, Robin; Sander, David; Schmidt, Stephan; Sohre, Annika; Volland, Benjamin

in Frontiers in Energy Research (2015), 3(29),

Transforming today’s energy systems in industrialized countries requires a substantial reduction of the total energy consumption at the individual level. Selected instruments have been found to be effective in changing people’s behavior in single domains. However, the so far weak success story on reducing overall energy consumption indicates that our understanding of the determining factors of individual energy consumption as well as of its change is far from being conclusive. Among others, the scientific state of the art is dominated by analyzing single domains of consumption and by neglecting embodied energy. It also displays strong disciplinary splits and the literature often fails to distinguish between explaining behavior and explaining change of behavior. Moreover, there are knowledge gaps regarding the legitimacy and effectiveness of the governance of individual consumption behavior and its change. Against this backdrop, the aim of this paper is to establish an integrated interdisciplinary framework that offers a systematic basis for linking the different aspects in research on energy related consumption behavior, thus paving the way for establishing a better evidence base to inform societal actions. The framework connects the three relevant analytical aspects of the topic in question: (1) it systematically and conceptually frames the objects, i.e., the energy consumption behavior and its change (explananda); (2) it structures the factors that potentially explain the energy consumption behavior and its change (explanantia); (3) it provides a differentiated understanding of change inducing interventions in terms of governance. Based on the existing states of the art approaches from different disciplines within the social sciences, the proposed framework is supposed to guide interdisciplinary empirical research.

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See detailRegards sur la violence
Heinz, Andreas; Steffgen, Georges; Bodson, Lucile; Reichmann, Liliane

E-print/Working paper (2014)

Dans le cadre de l’enquête sur la sécurité 2013, 3 025 résidants ont été interrogés sur divers délits violents éventuellement subis. Il en ressort que 17% des personnes interviewées ont été harcelées au cours des 5 années précédant l’enquête (harcèlement moral / menaces / brimades), 4% ont été victimes de vols avec violence, 9% ont subi des violences physiques et 4% ont été victimes de violence sexuelle. Globalement, les jeunes résidants étaient plus exposés que les moins jeunes. Les hommes ont été deux fois plus souvent victimes de vols avec violence que les femmes alors que ces dernières ont beaucoup plus fréquemment vécu des agressions sexuelles. Les victimes de violence sexuelle ont également subi plus fréquemment de la violence physique. La classe d’âges des 25 – 34 ans se dit la moins inquiète par des atteintes physiques, même si elle est la plus concernée. Les hommes les appréhendent également moins que les femmes alors qu’ils en sont presque aussi souvent victimes. Parmi les personnes ayant subi de la violence physique entre 2008 et 2012, 38% en ont été victimes à plusieurs reprises. La plupart des agressions ont eu lieu au Grand-Duché (86%) et l’agresseur a le plus souvent agi seul (70%). 33% des victimes connaissaient leurs agresseurs de nom et dans 26% de ces cas il s’agissait de l’ex-conjoint.

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See detailRegards sur la présence de drogue
Bodson, Lucile; Reichmann, Liliane; Heinz, Andreas; Steffgen, Georges

E-print/Working paper (2014)

Au cours des 12 derniers mois, 35% des résidents âgés de 16 ans et plus ont vu dans leur quartier des consommateurs de drogue, des dealers et/ou ils ont vu trainer des objets en lien avec la consommation de drogue. Ce sont surtout des jeunes qui ont fait ce genre de constat. La présence de drogue est plus importante dans les pôles urbains que dans les communes rurales. Les consommateurs de drogue et les dealers, lorsqu’ils sont « souvent » présents dans le quartier, ont un effet anxiogène sur la population : certaines personnes sortent moins souvent la nuit et évitent de passer à des endroits ou d’emprunter des rues. Certaines personnes se sentent également plus exposées au risque de vol à la tire, de vol avec violence et de cambriolage. Par contre, lorsque ces rencontres avec des consommateurs ou des revendeurs de drogue sont plus exceptionnelles, celles-ci ne semblent pas jouer, ou très peu, sur le sentiment d’insécurité de la population. Les résultats présentés dans ce document sont tirés de l’enquête sur la sécurité de 2013.

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See detailRegards sur les répercussions émotionnelles ressenties par les victimes de délits
Heinz, Andreas; Steffgen, Georges; Bodson, Lucile; Reichmann, Liliane

E-print/Working paper (2014)

Dans le cadre de l’enquête sur la sécurité, les personnes interrogées devaient indiquer si elles ont été victimes de délits (14 types de délits) lors des cinq dernières années et le cas échéant, signaler si le délit en question a eu sur eux des « répercussions émotionnelles plutôt fortes », des « répercussions émotionnelles plutôt légères » ou « aucune répercussion ». Les répercussions émotionnelles plutôt fortes ont le plus souvent été constatées chez les victimes d’actes de violence, et le moins souvent chez les victimes de demandes de pots-de-vin. Certes moins touchées par des délits que les plus jeunes, les personnes âgées affirment néanmoins plus souvent subir des répercussions émotionnelles plutôt fortes suite à ces délits. De même, les femmes sont un peu moins fréquemment victimes de délits mais, le cas échéant, font plus souvent état de répercussions émotionnelles plutôt fortes. Par ailleurs, les victimes d’actes criminels ayant abouti à des répercussions émotionnelles plutôt fortes se distinguent des non-victimes ainsi que des victimes qui n’ont mentionné aucune ou peu de répercussions émotionnelles, sous les aspects suivants : par rapport aux autres groupes susmentionnés, une attaque à main armée est pour eux plus probable, ils craignent davantage une agression et se sentent moins en sécurité dans leur quartier. En outre, ils apprécient moins le travail de la police et des tribunaux et se prononcent plutôt en faveur de peines de prison sans sursis.

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See detailRegards sur les cambriolages
Bodson, Lucile; Reichmann, Liliane; Heinz, Andreas; Steffgen, Georges

E-print/Working paper (2014)

Au cours des 5 dernières années, 10% des ménages ont fait l’objet d’un cambriolage. À ceux-là s’ajoute un autre 5% qui n’a pas fait l’objet d’un cambriolage mais d’une tentative infructueuse de cambriolage. La peur d’être cambriolé est présente : 34% de la population résidente pense pouvoir faire l’objet d’un cambriolage au cours des 12 prochains mois. Qui sont ces personnes ? Où vivent-elles ? Voici deux questions auxquelles nous donnerons des éléments de réponse grâce à l’enquête sur la sécurité de 2013. Le travail d’intérêt général est, aux yeux de la population, la peine la mieux adaptée pour un cambrioleur récidiviste. La peine de prison ferme est deux fois moins plébiscitée. Mais les avis divergent un peu, entre autres, selon la génération et la nationalité.

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See detailRegards sur la protection des logements privés et la vidéo-surveillance publique
Heinz, Andreas; Steffgen, Georges; Reichmann, Liliane; Bodson, Lucile

E-print/Working paper (2014)

70% des résidents pensent que la vidéo-surveillance des lieux publics au Luxembourg augmente leur sécurité personnelle, 23% pensent qu’elle n’a pas d’impact et 3% sont même d’avis que la vidéosurveillance diminue leur propre sécurité. Les personnes qui craignent d’être agressées physiquement ou qui sont inquiètes d‘être victimes d'une attaque terroriste, celles qui trouvent probable d’être victime d’un cambriolage ou d’un vol avec violence, celles qui ne se sentent pas en sécurité dans leur quartier de résidence et celles qui sont d’avis que la criminalité au Luxembourg a progressé au cours des dernières années, s’attendent plutôt à une augmentation de leur sécurité par les systèmes de surveillance sur certains lieux publics. Par contre les résidents qui effectivement ont été victimes d’un délit ou ceux qui sont confrontés à des problèmes de drogues dans leur quartier résidentiel, ont des doutes quant à l’efficacité de la vidéo-surveillance. Les jeunes sont les plus sceptiques. Par ailleurs, 27% des logements sont équipés d’un système d'alarme et 57% ont des portes de sécurité. On retrouve plus souvent ces deux mesures de sécurité dans les maisons unifamiliales que dans les maisons en rangée ou dans les appartements. En outre, la présence de systèmes d'alarme et de portes de sécurité est fortement liée au revenu du ménage. Quant à la possession d'armes à feu en tant que mesure de sécurité elle joue un rôle mineur : seulement 6% des répondants ont déclaré posséder des armes à feu et parmi eux un-tiers évoquent la prévention et la protection contre les crimes pour justifier la présence d’armes à feu chez eux.

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See detailRegards sur l'évaluation du travail de la police
Heinz, Andreas; Steffgen, Georges; de Puydt, Cécile; Reichmann, Liliane

E-print/Working paper (2014)

86% de la population estiment que la Police Grand-Ducale réalise du « bon », voire du « très bon » travail. L’évaluation du travail de la police est ainsi légèrement meilleure que pour les tribunaux. En effet, concernant les tribunaux, 75% de la population trouvent qu’ils effectuent du « (très) bon » travail. Une différence existe dans l’appréciation du travail de la police chez les personnes victimes et non-victimes. Parmi les personnes qui n’ont été victimes d’aucun des 14 délits pris en compte par l’enquête au cours des 5 dernières années, 91% sont d’avis que la police fait du « (très) bon » travail. Les victimes, elles, sont 82% à partager cet avis. L’évaluation varie selon la nature et le lieu du délit dont les résidents ont été victimes. 88% des victimes d’un délit ayant eu lieu à l’étranger jugent comme « (très) bon » le travail policier. Ce chiffre descend à 79% pour les victimes de délits qui se sont produits sur le territoire national. Concernant la nature du délit, les victimes de délits sans violence ont une meilleure opinion du travail de la police que les victimes de délits avec violence (82% contre 71%). 89% des victimes qui ont rapporté le délit à la police et qui ont été « très satisfaits » par la manière dont leur affaire personnelle a été traitée pensent que le travail de la Police Grand-Ducale est « (très) bon ». Si par contre les victimes étaient « très insatisfaits » par le traitement de leur dossier, ils sont moins enclins (45%) à évaluer comme « (très) bon » le travail de la police.

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See detailThe Gendered Interplay between Success and Well-Being during Transitions
Samuel, Robin

in Educational Research (2014), 56(2), 202--219

Background: Young females have been found to out-perform males in terms of grades and university degrees in many studies. At the same time, young women seem to exhibit lower levels of well-being compared with men. Interestingly, little work has evaluated the interplay between educational success and well-being. However, antecedents and consequences of educational success will likely affect life chances and further educational and occupational trajectories. Purpose: This paper contributes to this important, but as of yet, underdeveloped topic. The interplay between educational success—conceptualised as successful intergenerational educational mobility—and well-being is analysed as a dynamic, reciprocal, and gendered process. Sample: Panel data from the Transition from Education to Employment Project (TREE) is used to study the gendered interplay between educational success and well-being. TREE focuses on post-compulsory educational and labour market pathways of the PISA 2000 cohort in Switzerland. It is based on a sample of 6343 young people who left compulsory schooling in 2000. Data were collected annually from 2001 to 2007. At the time of the first interview, the age range of the middle fifty percent of the youths was between 16.5 and 17.3 years. Design and methods: As previous research shows, episodes of educational mobility will not be evenly distributed over the observed period (e.g., Mare 1980). Thus, an autoregressive cross-lagged mixture model framework is employed to account for the expected unequal distribution of the variables over time and the multilevel structure of the data (Samuel, Bergman, and Hupka-Brunner 2013). Within this framework, two modelling approaches are combined to test the implied reciprocal relationship between educational success and well-being. In the Latent Transition Analysis part of the model, success is measured as latent classes with fixed outcome categories. In the Autoregressive Structural Equation part of the model, well-being is specified to correlate over time. Models were estimated separately for males and females so as to allow for different error variances. Results: The models reveal that mechanisms of social comparison are gendered and operate differently at various stages of the observed period. Young females seem to be more likely to succeed and to experience positive effects in terms of well-being during successful episodes when compared to males. On the downside, females’ well-being seems to be more strongly affected by failure. Conclusions: This paper shows that well-being is a gendered personal resource during the transition to adulthood. These findings contribute to the literature on gender differences in educational success as they show how gender, as a social process, operates to create different success and well-being outcomes.

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See detailLongitudinal effects of social background on educational and occupational pathways within early and strong school tracking
Samuel, Robin; Bergman, Manfred Max; Hupka-Brunner, Sandra

in Longitudinal and Life Course Studies (2014), 5(1), 1-18

Transitions from education to work are subject to person-related factors and institutional opportunity structures. Life course research increasingly focuses on longitudinal effects of social background on educational and occupational pathways within early and strong school tracking. In this context, Switzerland is a paradoxical case because its education system exhibits elements that should both reinforce and weaken social background effects. We draw on data from a PISA 2000 school-leaver cohort. Employing sequence analysis, optimal matching and longitudinal latent class analysis, we find that persistence tendencies are more pronounced in the academic stratum, compared to vocational and precarious strata. Conversely, the education system and labour market allow for a good integration of weak academic performers. Overall, we show that social background and performance determine selection into tracks, after which effects of opportunity structures take over.

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See detailRegards sur la sécurité et les délits au Luxembourg
de Puydt, Cécile; Reichmann, Liliane; Heinz, Andreas; Steffgen, Georges

E-print/Working paper (2013)

Cette publication présente les principaux résultats de l’enquête sur la sécurité réalisée courant 2013 au Luxembourg. L’exploitation des résultats est réalisée conjointement par le STATEC et l’Université du Luxembourg/INSIDE (Integrative Research Unit on Social and Individual Development). L’enquête couvre différents types de « délits ». Les délits pris en compte sont les délits dont les résidents de 16 ans ou plus ont été victimes entre 2008 et 2013, mais pouvant avoir eu lieu dans un autre pays. De plus, ces délits reprennent les faits déclarés à la police, mais également tous les délits qui n’ont pas fait l’objet d’une plainte. Les données récoltées permettent ainsi d’apporter un nouveau regard sur les données de la criminalité au Luxembourg.

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See detailRegards sur le sentiment de sécurité des résidents au Luxembourg
de Puydt, Cécile; Reichmann, Liliane; Heinz, Andreas; Steffgen, Georges

E-print/Working paper (2013)

Cette publication présente les résultats de l’enquête sur la sécurité réalisée courant 2013 au Luxembourg. L’exploitation des résultats est réalisée conjointement par le STATEC et l’Université du Luxembourg/INSIDE (Integrative Research Unit on Social and Individual Development). L’enquête pose différentes questions concernant la perception par les résidents du niveau de sécurité dans leur voisinage, leurs craintes quant à différents délits, mais également leur satisfaction par rapport au travail de la police et de la justice. Les mesures de précaution comme des alarmes ou des portes sécurisées font également partie des sujets traités. Pour finir, on se penchera sur la proportion d’incidents qui font effectivement l’objet d’une plainte auprès de la police.

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See detailLa transition des jeunes de l’éducation vers l‘emploi - Der Übergang Jugendlicher von der Ausbildung in die Erwerbstätigkeit
Willems, Helmut; Heinz, Andreas; Peltier, François; Thill, Germaine; Allegrezza, Serge; Ferring, Dieter; Willems, Helmut; Zahlen, Paul

E-print/Working paper (2013)

C’est à partir de 15 ans que commence la transition des jeunes de l’éducation vers le marché du travail. Cette phase de transition se clôt vers l’âge de 30 ans. À l’âge de 29 ans, 83.7% des jeunes adultes ont un emploi, 4.1% sont occupés dans leur propre ménage et seulement 3.2% suivent encore une formation. Chez les 25-29 ans, la part des chômeurs est d’autant plus élevée que le niveau d’éducation est faible. De même, dans cette tranche d’âge, les personnes ayant un niveau d’éducation faible travaillent plus souvent dans leur propre ménage. Parmi les jeunes qui ont un emploi, la part des contrats de travail à durée déterminée (CDD) diminue avec l’âge : chez les personnes âgées de 21 ans, la part des CDD est de 23.9 % ; elle recule à 9.9% chez les personnes âgées de 29 ans. 32.2% de l’ensemble des jeunes âgés de 15 à 29 ans et ayant un emploi travaillent dans la branche « administration publique, éducation, santé et action sociale ». En revanche, le pourcentage correspondant n’est que de 0.9% dans l’agriculture. La part des femmes âgées de 15 à 29 ans est la pIus importante dans la branche des « autres services » (74.9%) qui inclut notamment les activités des ménages en tant qu’employeurs et donc les femmes de ménage. Les femmes sont peu représentées dans la construction (9.7%). Les étrangers de 15 à 29 ans sont surrepré-sentés dans la construction, mais également dans les « activités spécialisées, scientifiques et techniques et activités de services administratifs et de soutien » (environ 65% dans ces deux branches). En revanche, les étrangers sont sous-représentés dans la branche « administration publique, éducation et santé et action sociale » (14.7% de l’emploi des 15-29 ans dans cette branche), ainsi que dans l’agriculture (13.3%). Avec 46.9%, près de la moitié des jeunes de nationalité luxembourgeoise travaillent dans le secteur public et parapublic (administration publique, éducation, santé et action sociale). La répartition des jeunes étrangers sur les différentes branches d’activité est plus équilibrée.

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See detailLes personnes âgées - Ältere Menschen in Luxemburg
Ferring, Dieter; Heinz, Andreas; Peltier, François; Thill, Germaine; Allegrezza, Serge; Ferring, Dieter; Willems, Helmut; Zahlen, Paul

E-print/Working paper (2013)

Am 1. Februar 2011 lebten 71 742 Menschen über 64 Jahre in Luxemburg, was einem Anstieg von +17.5% im Vergleich zur Volkszählung 2001 entspricht. Verglichen mit dem Wachstum der Gesamtbevölkerung von 16.6% ist die Zahl der älteren Menschen somit etwas stärker gewachsen. Der Ausländeranteil ist bei den älteren Menschen deutlich niedriger als in der Gesamtbevölkerung (21.4% vs. 43.0%). Allerdings ist der Ausländeranteil in dieser Bevölkerungsgruppe seit der Volkszählung 2001 gestiegen (damals 15.3%). Die höhere Lebenserwartung von Frauen zeigt sich darin, dass der Frauenanteil mit zunehmendem Alter ansteigt: Bei den über 64-Jährigen liegt der Frauenanteil bei 57.2%, bei den über 84-Jährigen bei 73.2%. Damit geht einher, dass es für Frauen deutlich wahrscheinlicher ist, dass ihr Partner vor ihnen stirbt. Frauen sind damit mit einer höheren Wahrscheinlichkeit im Alter alleinstehend, leben bei ihren Kindern oder ziehen in ein Pflegeheim. Umgekehrt ist es für Männer deutlich wahrscheinlicher, dass sie auch im höheren Alter noch mit ihrer Partnerin im Privathaushalt zusammenleben.

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See detailLernprozesse und Lernerfahrungen in Jugendprojekten. Eine Studie zu Aspekten non-formaler Bildung in den Projekten von “Jugend in Aktion” in Luxemburg
Meyers, Christiane; Weis, Daniel

Speeches/Talks (2013)

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See detailEnfants, jeunes et jeunes adultes - Kinder, Jugendliche und junge Erwachsene in Luxemburg
Willems, Helmut; Heinz, Andreas; Peltier, François; Thill, Germaine; Allegrezza, Serge; Ferring, Dieter; Willems, Helmut; Zahlen, Paul

E-print/Working paper (2013)

De 2001 à 2011, le nombre d’enfants et de jeunes âgés de moins de 20 ans est passé de 107 930 à 119 173, soit une augmentation de 10.4%. Comme la population totale s’est accrue plus fortement (+16.6% entre 2001 et 2011), la part des moins de 20 ans dans la population a diminué légèrement, de 24.6% en 2001 à 23.3% en 2011. Chez les Italiens résidant au Luxembourg, le pourcentage correspondant est particulièrement faible : 13.4% des Italiens ont moins de 20 ans. En revanche, 43.2% des Monténégrins résidant au Luxembourg ont moins de 20 ans. 99.2 % des enfants et des jeunes de moins de 20 ans vivent dans des ménages privés (par opposition à des ménages collectifs, comme les foyers). Sur ces jeunes vivant dans des mé-nages privés, 82.6% habitent avec leurs deux parents ou avec un de leurs parents qui vit lui-même avec un partenaire. 15.9% des jeunes de moins de 20 ans habitent avec un parent isolé. À l’âge de 25 ans, 55.8% des jeunes ne vivent plus avec leurs parents. Chez les étrangers, à 25 ans, la part de ceux qui n’habitent plus avec leurs parents est plus élevée que cette moyenne (74.8%), alors que, pour les Luxembourgeois, la part est plus faible (39.6%). Dans la classe d’âge de 25-29 ans, 75% des Luxembourgeois sont encore célibataires. Ce pourcentage vaut également pour les Français, les Italiens, les Belges, les Allemands, les Britanniques, les Néerlandais et les Espagnols. En revanche, seulement 53.1% des Portugais et 17.1% des Monténégrins sont encore célibataires dans la classe d’âge des 25-29 ans. En termes absolus, la majorité des enfants et des jeunes habite dans la capitale ou dans le Sud-Ouest du pays. En termes relatifs, la part des enfants et des jeunes dans la population est cepen-dant plus élevée dans le Nord et dans le Nord-Est du pays.

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See detailLes Allemands au Luxembourg - Deutsche in Luxemburg
Heinz, Andreas; Thill, Germaine; Peltier, François; Allegrezza, Serge; Ferring, Dieter; Willems, Helmut; Zahlen, Paul

E-print/Working paper (2013)

À la date du recensement (1er février 2011), 12 049 Allemands vivaient au Luxembourg, soit 2.4% de la population totale. En termes absolus, le nombre d’Allemands a augmenté légèrement, mais de façon continue, depuis le recensement de 1970; cependant leur part dans la population reste relativement stable depuis 1947. L’âge moyen des Allemands est légèrement supérieur à celui de la population du Grand-Duché dans son ensemble (42.1 ans, contre 38.7 ans). La très grande majorité des Allemands habitant au Luxembourg sont nés en Allemagne (78.2%), alors que 12.4% sont nés au Luxembourg. En termes absolus, les Allemands sont les plus nombreux à Luxembourg-Ville (3 546), soit 3.7% de la population de la capitale. La part relative des Allemands est cependant la plus élevée dans la commune de Grevenmacher, avec 7.7% de la population. D’une manière générale, les Allemands ont un niveau d’éducation supérieur à la moyenne des habitants du Luxembourg, les cohortes jeunes des Allemands présents dans le pays ayant atteint des niveaux d’éducation plus élevés que les cohortes plus âgées.

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See detailLes communes de la région sud - Die Gemeinden der Région sud
Heinz, Andreas; Thill, Germaine; Peltier, François; Allegrezza, Serge; Ferring, Dieter; Willems, Helmut; Zahlen, Paul

E-print/Working paper (2013)

À la date du recensement au 1er février 2011, 148 812 personnes vivaient dans la région sud du pays, soit une augmentation de 12.3% par rapport au recensement de 2001. Cette augmentation de la population est inférieure à la moyenne nationale (+16.6%). La structure par âge de la population de la région sud est assez proche de celle du pays dans son ensemble. On note néanmoins des différences significatives entre Luxembourgeois et étrangers. Les Luxembourgeois sont surreprésentés dans les cohortes âgées et parmi les jeunes adultes. En re-vanche, les étrangers sont surreprésentés parmi les enfants et, surtout, dans les cohortes d’âge moyen de 25 à 50 ans. 58.9% des habitants de la région sud sont luxembourgeois et 23.1% sont portugais. Le pourcentage des personnes de toutes les autres nationalités présentes atteint 18% de la population. Avec 41.1%, la part globale des étrangers dans la population de la région sud est un peu inférieure à la moyenne nationale (43.0% d’étrangers). La part des propriétaires de logement est de 76% dans la région sud, soit un pourcentage légèrement supé-rieur à la moyenne nationale (73.0%). En revanche, la surface moyenne de logement est plus réduite dans la région sud que dans le pays dans son en-semble (117 m², contre 130 m²). Le loyer moyen est de 727 € dans la région sud, alors qu’il est de 888 € dans le pays. En revanche, comme les surfaces louées sont plus réduites qu’en moyenne nationale, le loyer par mètre carré ne se situe pas très loin de la moyenne du Grand-Duché (11.86 €/m² dans la région sud, contre 12.45 €/m² dans le pays dans son ensemble). Quant aux types de ménages, les diffé-rences entre la région sud et le pays dans son en-semble sont peu significatives. En revanche, on constate des écarts importants quant au niveau d’éducation. 45.5% de la population de la région sud ont un niveau d’éducation faible (primaire, se-condaire inférieur). Le pourcentage correspondant n’est que de 34.5% en moyenne dans le pays. À l’inverse, la part des habitants de la région sud ayant un niveau d’éducation élevé (enseignement supérieur) est, avec 15.1%, largement inférieure à la moyenne nationale (27.1%).

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See detailLes communes de la Nordstad - Die Gemeinden der Nordstad
Heinz, Andreas; Thill, Germaine; Peltier, François; Allegrezza, Serge; Ferring, Dieter; Willems, Helmut; Zahlen, Paul

E-print/Working paper (2013)

22 349 personnes habitaient dans les communes de la Nordstad au moment du recensement (1er février 2011), soit 7.2% de plus qu’en 2001. Dans les quatre communes les moins peuplées et périphériques aux communes de Diekirch et Ettelbrück, la croissance démographique dépasse la moyenne de la Nordstad, alors que l’augmentation du nombre d’habitants à Ettelbrück (+6.6%) et à Diekirch (+4.1%) est plus faible que la moyenne. Globalement, l’augmentation de la population de la Nordstad (+7.2%) se situe en deçà de celle du pays dans son ensemble (+16.6%). La structure par âge de la population de la Nordstad correspond globalement à celle du Grand-Duché. Cependant, la présence de la caserne militaire à Diekirch fait que les hommes jeunes sont surreprésentés. Comparés aux étrangers, les Luxembourgeois sont surreprésentés dans les cohortes âgées, alors que les étrangers sont surreprésentés dans les cohortes d’âge moyen. 60.9% des habitants de la Nordstad sont des Luxembourgeois et 24.1% des Portugais. Toutes les autres nationalités représentent 15.0% des habitants. En ce qui concerne le logement (taux de propriétaires, surface moyenne de logement, taille des ménages), les situations dans la Nordstad et au Grand-Duché dans son ensemble sont comparables. En revanche, avec 737 € en moyenne, les loyers se situent largement en-dessous de la moyenne nationale (888 €). Quant au niveau d’éducation, on constate des différences significatives entre la Nordstad et le pays dans son ensemble. Si au Grand-Duché moins d’un tiers des habitants a un niveau d’éducation faible (34.5%), le pourcentage correspondant atteint 42.1% dans la Nordstad. À l’inverse, la part des habitants ayant atteint un niveau d’éducation élevé n’est que de 18.8% dans la Nordstad, contre 27.1% dans la population totale.

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See detailHow do ‘young people with fewer opportunities’ (YPFO) benefit from the Youth in Action (YiA) programme. The examples of France, Luxembourg and Belgium.
Labadie, Francine; Meyers, Christiane; Stevens, Frank

Scientific Conference (2013, September 18)

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See detailLes personnes vivant en couple
Thill, Germaine; Peltier, François; Heinz, Andreas; Allegrezza, Serge; Ferring, Dieter; Willems, Helmut; Zahlen, Paul

E-print/Working paper (2013)

Parmi les 512 353 personnes recensées au 1er février 2011, 231 472 (soit 45.2%) vivent en couple. Ce pourcentage est un peu plus élevé pour les étrangers (47.6%) que pour les Luxembourgeois (43.4%). 88.1% des personnes vivant en couple sont mariées, 9.1% vivent en union consensuelle et 2.7% sont « pacsées ». Les Luxembourgeois sont un peu plus souvent mariés (89.1%) que les personnes de nationalité étrangère (86.9%), qui eux vivent plus souvent en union consensuelle avec respectivement 10.8% des étrangers et 7.8% des Luxembourgeois. Il existe une corrélation assez prononcée entre l’âge et le fait d’être marié, car seulement 45% des personnes âgées de 20 à 24 ans qui vivent en couple sont mariées, alors que presque la totalité des 65 ans et plus le sont (97.9%). Concernant la situation socio-économique des personnes vivant en couple, 59.5% ont un emploi tandis qu’environ un cinquième est à la retraite. Les personnes mariées ont plus souvent des enfants vivant dans le même noyau familial que les deux autres types d’union. En effet, 61.5% des personnes mariées ont des enfants vivant dans le même noyau familial contre respectivement 53.2% et 38.5% pour les personnes en union consensuelle ou pacsées. On dé-nombre au total 13.1% de couples mixtes (Luxembourgeois-étranger), 48.1% de couples formés par des Luxembourgeois et 38.8% de couples constitués par 2 étrangers. Une mixité plus prononcée est observée parmi les couples vivant en union consensuelle ou pacsés que parmi les couples mariés. Un cinquième de ces couples pacsés ou vivant en union consensuelle sont formés par une personne luxembourgeoise et une personne de nationalité étrangère (respectivement 19.2% et 20.7%). Ce pourcentage ne s’élève qu’à 12.1% pour les couples mariés. Parmi les couples où au moins une personne travaille, 4 sur 10 sont composés de deux personnes ayant le même statut dans l’emploi. Globalement, dans 27.8% des couples, on trouve au moins un des deux conjoints qui travaille dans le secteur public.

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See detailLeitfaden wissenschaftliches Arbeiten - Wie schreibe ich eine Hausarbeit und wie präsentiere ich sie?
Heinz, Andreas; Reuter, Julia; Zillien, Nicole

E-print/Working paper (2013)

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See detailLes quartiers de la Ville de Luxembourg - Luxemburg-Stadt: Die Stadtteile
Heinz, Andreas; Peltier, François; Thill, Germaine; Allegrezza, Serge; Ferring, Dieter; Willems, Helmut; Zahlen, Paul

E-print/Working paper (2013)

Les habitants de la capitale (95 058 au 1er février 2011) se répartissent sur 24 quartiers. Le quartier de Bonnevoie-Sud est le plus peuplé (11 279 habitants), alors que Pulvermühle ne compte que 333 habitants. Entre 2001 et 2011, c’est le quartier du Cents qui a connu la croissance démographique la plus importante (+72.2%), tandis que les quartiers de Pfaffenthal (-8.7%) et de Clausen (-10.8%) ont perdu des habitants. Dans l’ensemble des quartiers de la capitale, la part des étrangers a augmenté. C’est dans le quartier de la Gare que la part des étrangers est la plus élevée (81.6% en 2011). Au Cents elle est la plus faible avec 42.4%. Dans le quartier de la Gare, la surface moyenne des logements est la plus restreinte (69.5 m²), alors qu’elle atteint plus du double à Cessange (130.0 m²). Les habitants du Grund et du quartier de la Gare vivent très majoritairement en location (respectivement 71.5% et 74.7% de la population). En revanche, au Cents, la part des locataires n’est que de 19.4%. En termes absolus, les loyers sont les plus élevés au Cents (1 285€ en moyenne par logement sans charges) et les moins élevés à Pfaffenthal (756€). Cependant, l’augmentation du prix des loyers de 2001 à 2011 est particulièrement importante au Pfaffenthal (+94.9%), alors qu’au Cents le loyer moyen n’a augmenté que de 28.7%. La surface des logements loués varie fortement entre les quartiers. Rapportés à la surface, les loyers sont les plus élevés dans le quartier de la Gare (17.08€ par m²), à Clausen (16.33€ par m²) et dans le quartier de Neudorf (16.27€ par m²). Ils sont les plus faibles à Pfaffenthal (11.41€ par m²) et à Hamm (11.79€ par m2). Dans la « Ville Haute Centre » et dans le quartier de la Gare, la part des personnes vivant seules est la plus élevée (43%). À Hamm, la part des couples avec enfant(s) parmi les ménages est la plus élevée (51.9%). En ce qui concerne le niveau d’éducation, c’est au Pfaffenthal que la part des personnes ayant un niveau d’éducation faible est la plus importante (53.0%), alors qu’au Limpertsberg le taux correspondant n’est que de 11.7%. Par contre, 67.5% des habitants du Limpertsberg ont atteint un niveau d’éducation élevé.

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See detailLa Ville de Luxembourg et sa périphérie - Luxemburg-Stadt im Vergleich zum Umland und dem Großherzogtum
Heinz, Andreas; Peltier, François; Thill, Germaine; Allegrezza, Serge; Ferring, Dieter; Willems, Helmut; Zahlen, Paul

E-print/Working paper (2013)

95 058 personnes vivaient dans la capitale à la date du recensement (1er février 2011), soit 24.0% de plus qu’en 2001. Avec ce taux, la croissance démographique de la Ville de Luxembourg a dépassé celle de sa périphérie, c’est-à-dire Luxembourg-Campagne1 (dont la population a augmenté de 17.0% de 2001 à 2011), mais aussi celle de l’ensemble du pays (+16.6%). Luxembourg-Ville et Luxembourg-Campagne représentaient ensemble 29.6% des habitants du pays en 2011, contre 28.4% en 2001. Seul un tiers des habitants de la capitale sont des Luxembourgeois (35.1%), suivis par les Français (14.3%) et les Portugais (14.1%). La sur-face moyenne des logements dans la Ville de Luxembourg est de 105.5 m² et se situe largement en-dessous de la surface moyenne des logements dans l’ensemble du pays (129.9 m²) et dans la périphérie de la Ville (144.8 m² à Luxembourg-Campagne). Cependant, la taille moyenne des ménages à Luxembourg-Ville (1.94 personnes par ménage) est également plus réduite que dans l’ensemble du pays (2.41) et à Luxembourg-Cam-pagne (2.47). Avec 26.4%, la part des habitants vivant seuls est près de deux fois plus élevée dans la capitale que dans le pays pris dans son en-semble (13.8%). 40.3% des habitants de la capitale vivent dans des ménages constitués par un couple avec enfant(s), alors que dans le pays le pourcen-tage correspondant atteint les 51.8%. Les habitants de la Ville de Luxembourg ont souvent des niveaux d‘éducation plus élevés que dans le reste du pays. La part des personnes ayant un diplôme de type « master » ou un doctorat (33.9%) est plus de deux fois plus élevé que dans le pays en général (14.8%). En revanche, les niveaux d’éducation faibles ou moyens sont moins fréquents dans la capitale que dans le reste du pays.

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See detailLes Belges au Luxembourg - Belgier in Luxemburg
Heinz, Andreas; Peltier, François; Thill, Germaine; Allegrezza, Serge; Ferring, Dieter; Willems, Helmut; Zahlen, Paul

E-print/Working paper (2013)

Am 1. Februar 2011 (Stichtag der Volkszählung) leb-ten 16 926 Belgier in Luxemburg, was 3.3 % der Gesamtbevölkerung entspricht. Damit ist ihre ab-solute Zahl die höchste, die bei einer Volkszählung seit 1875 gemessen wurden. Verglichen mit der Gesamtbevölkerung sind die Belgier im Durch-schnitt geringfügig älter (39.3 Jahre vs. 38.7 Jahre). Mit 73.6 % wurde die Mehrheit der Belgier in Belgien geboren, weitere 17.2 % wurden in Luxemburg ge-boren. In absoluten Zahlen wohnen die meisten Belgier in Luxemburg-Stadt (3 892), ihr Anteil an Wohnbevölkerung ist jedoch in Winseler mit 17.9 % deutlich höher als in der Hauptstadt (4.1 %). Insge-samt betrachtet haben die Belgier häufiger hohe formale Bildungsabschlüsse als die Gesamtbevöl-kerung, wobei in beiden Gruppen die jüngeren Ko-horten höhere Bildungsabschlüsse aufweisen als die älteren.

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See detailLes Français au Luxembourg - Franzosen in Luxemburg
Heinz, Andreas; Peltier, François; Thill, Germaine; Allegrezza, Serge; Ferring, Dieter; Willems, Helmut; Zahlen, Paul

E-print/Working paper (2013)

At the time of the census, 31,456 French lived in Luxembourg, or 6.1% of the total population. In absolute terms and as a percentage of the total population, these values ​​are the highest since the census of 1875. The average age of the French living in Luxembourg is, with 34.7 years, lower than that of the total population (38.7 years). Since the 2001 census, the number of French living in Luxembourg increased by 57.4%. This growth exceeds even that of the total of foreigners which has increased by 35.9% since 2001. 72% of French residents in 2011 arrived between 1995 and 2011, while the corresponding figure for this time period is only 56% for all immigrants. 73.4% of the French living in the country were born in France and 16.4% were born in the Grand Duchy. The French are the most numerous in Luxembourg City (13 450 people). Their relative share is also the highest in the capital, with 14.1% of the population of the City of Luxembourg. Overall, the education level of french people living in Luxembourg is higher than that of the total population.

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See detailNiveau d’éducation de la population du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg
Peltier, François; Thill, Germaine; Heinz, Andreas; Allegrezza, Serge; Ferring, Dieter; Willems, Helmut; Zahlen, Paul

E-print/Working paper (2013)

Un peu plus d’un quart (27%) de la population âgée d’au moins 15 ans ne poursuivant plus d’études possèdent un diplôme de l’enseignement supérieur. Ce pourcentage est un peu plus élevé chez les hommes que chez les femmes (29.7% contre 24.5%). En revanche, un cinquième de la population (19.9%) n’a pas dépassé le niveau d’enseignement primaire. La part des personnes ayant atteint le niveau du secondaire inférieur est de 14.6% et 35.5% de la population ont atteint un niveau d’éducation du secondaire supérieur. Depuis 2001, une augmentation du niveau d’éducation est observée. La part des diplômés de l’enseignement supérieur passe de 19.6% en 2001 à 27.0% en 2011. Les générations les plus âgées ont un niveau d’éducation moins élevé que les générations plus jeunes : 53.5% des 85 ans et plus ont, au maximum, atteint le niveau d’enseignement primaire, contre seulement 9.4% des 20 à 39 ans. Les personnes de nationalité étrangère sont surreprésentées pour deux niveaux d’éducation : le primaire et le supérieur. 24.4% des étrangers n’ont atteint que le niveau d’éducation primaire, contre 16.8% des Luxembourgeois. En revanche 31.8% des étrangers ont atteint un niveau d’éducation supérieur, contre seulement 23.7% des Luxembourgeois. Le type de diplôme obtenu à une grande influence sur la profession exercée. 88.6% des personnes qui travaillent dans les professions intellectuelles et scientifiques ont un diplôme de l’enseignement supérieur, alors qu’ils ne représentent que 1.8% des personnes exerçant une profession élémentaire. À noter également que 57.4% des personnes nées au Grand-Duché et ayant obtenu un diplôme supérieur ont acquis leur diplôme à l’étranger. Si l’on ne prend en compte que les personnes ayant obtenu un master ou un doctorat, ce pourcentage atteint les 90.7%.

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See detailLes Portugais au Luxembourg - Portugiesen in Luxemburg
Heinz, Andreas; Peltier, François; Thill, Germaine; Allegrezza, Serge; Ferring, Dieter; Willems, Helmut; Zahlen, Paul

E-print/Working paper (2013)

On the occasion of the Portugal day, STATEC and the University of Luxembourg publish a portrait of the portuguese population living in Luxembourg, based on the results of the population census. On February 1st 2011 (Census Day), 82 363 Portuguese lived in Luxembourg, who make up 16.1% of the total population. Since 1970, the absolute number of Portuguese, as well as their share in the population increased continuously. The average age of the Portuguese is much lower than the average age of the total population (32.9 years against 38.7 years). 3 011 Portuguese living in Luxembourg are 65 years and older. This corresponds to only 3.7% of the total Portuguese population living in Luxembourg, whereas the proportion of persons aged 65 and over in the total population reached 14%. 70.0% of Portuguese living in Luxembourg were born in Portugal and 24.4% were born in Luxembourg. In absolute terms, most Portuguese (13 567) live in the City of Luxembourg. However, their relative share is the highest in Larochette (45.2% of the population of this municipality). On average, the Portuguese have a lower level of education than the total population. However, as for the total population, the level of education increased: the younger cohorts are better educated than older cohorts. Nevertheless, a gap remains. In the age group of 25 to 34 years, 50% of Portuguese people have a low level of education (primary and lower secondary), while the corresponding percentage is 20% for this age group in the total population. 53% of Portuguese living in the country in 2011 immigrated to Luxembourg between 1995 and 2011.

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See detailLa langue principale, celle que l’on maîtrise le mieux - Die am besten beherrschte Sprache (Hauptsprache)
Fehlen, Fernand; Heinz, Andreas; Peltier, François; Thill, Germaine

E-print/Working paper (2013)

Avec 55.8%, la grande majorité des habitants du pays ont indiqué le luxembourgeois comme langue principale. Le portugais (15.7%) et le français (12.1%) suivent en deuxième et troisième position. Il existe un lien fort entre la nationalité et la langue principale : 88.8% des Luxembourgeois indiquent maîtriser le mieux la langue luxembourgeoise, ce taux est de seulement 8.0% pour les étrangers. Il est de 95.5% pour les Luxembourgeois de naissance et de 49.7% pour les Luxembourgeois par naturalisation. Le pays d'origine des parents a une influence sur la langue principale des Luxembourgeois de naissance de moins de 20 ans. Si les deux parents sont nés au Grand-Duché, la langue principale des enfants est dans 98.3% des cas le luxembourgeois ; si les deux parents sont nés à l’étranger, ce taux est seulement de 50.4%. Pour les immigrés, le taux de ceux qui indiquent le luxembourgeois comme langue principale augmente avec la durée de séjour: Pour ceux arrivés avant 1962, la proportion est de 49.8% ; pour ceux venus entre 2007 et 2011, elle tombe à 1.5%. La présence du luxembourgeois comme langue principale est particulièrement marquée là où la proportion des étrangers est faible : à Consthum, le luxembourgeois est la langue principale de 83.9% des habitants alors que dans la ville de Luxembourg, cette proportion est de 35.2%.

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See detailLes Italiens au Luxembourg - Italiener in Luxemburg
Heinz, Andreas; Peltier, François; Thill, Germaine; Allegrezza, Serge; Ferring, Dieter; Willems, Helmut; Zahlen, Paul

E-print/Working paper (2013)

On February 1st 2011 (Census Day), 18,059 Italians lived in Luxembourg and made up 3.5% of the total population. Their number has decreased since 1970. In that year 23,490 Italians (6.9% of the total population) are still counted. In 1960, Italians accounted for 37.8% of all foreigners living in Luxembourg. In 2011, the Italians account only for 8.2% of the foreign citizens living in Luxembourg. In comparison with the general population, the Italians are much older on average (45.2 years for Italians, against 38.7 years on average for the total population). The majority of Italians living in Luxembourg was born in Italy (62.7%). 28.3% were born in Luxembourg. In absolute terms, most Italians live in the City of Luxembourg (5 750, nearly 30% of all Italians living in the Grand Duchy). However, their relative proportion in the population is the largest in Bertrange (7.0% of the population of the municipality, against 3.5% at the national level). Overall, the Italians have a lower level of formal education than the total population on average. However, young Italians have more often higher levels of education than people of the same age in the total population.

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See detailMénages et types de familles
Thill, Germaine; Peltier, François; Heinz, Andreas; Allegrezza, Serge; Ferring, Dieter; Willems, Helmut; Zahlen, Paul

E-print/Working paper (2013)

On the occasion of the International Day of Families, celebrated annually on May 15, STATEC and the University of Luxembourg / INSIDE (Integrative Research Unit on Social and Individual Development), publish the first results on the situation of households and families in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Of the 512 353 people enumerated on February 1st 2011, 503 280 persons, or more than 98% live in private households and 2% in collective households. 83.4% of people living in private households are part of a family household, that is to say, a household in which at least two persons must be related. Nearly two-thirds of people live in households formed of only one couple with or without children, and 10% live in single-parent households.

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See detail1.8% de la population vit dans un ménage collectif
Heinz, Andreas; Peltier, François; Thill, Germaine; Allegrezza, Serge; Ferring, Dieter; Willems, Helmut; Zahlen, Paul

E-print/Working paper (2013)

On 1st February 2011, 1.8% of the population of the Grand Duchy were in an institutional household (9073 persons). Among those persons, we find mainly people living in old people’s home (56.1% of collective households), then people living in home for adults (10.4%), children living in home for child (5.8%), military living in barracks (5.5%) and those in prison (5.0%). If everyone may need at a time in his life to stay in a collective household, two age’s categories are particularly relevant: the elderly and young adults.

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See detailLes langues parlées au travail, à l’école et/ou à la maison
Fehlen, Fernand; Heinz, Andreas; Peltier, François; Thill, Germaine

E-print/Working paper (2013)

70.5% of the population uses Luxembourgish at work, school and/or at home, 55.7% French and 30.6% German. On average 2.2 languages ​​are used. Adolescents and young adults exceed this average, while children and the elderly are below. About half of the Germans, Dutch and Montenegrins living in Luxembourg use Luxembourgish and occupy the first three places among the foreign nationalities speaking Luxembourgish. The use of Luxembourgish by immigrants increases with the duration of their stay. In rural regions, especially in the north of the country, where the rate of foreigners is relatively low, the percentage of the resident population using Luxembourgish generally exceeds 80% (Consthum 94.8%). In Luxembourg City the rate is only 48.8%.

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See detailL’arrière-plan migratoire de la population du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg
Peltier, François; Thill, Germaine; Heinz, Andreas; Allegrezza, Serge; Ferring, Dieter; Willems, Helmut; Zahlen, Paul

E-print/Working paper (2013)

61.2% de la population du Grand-Duché ont un « background » migratoire, soit directement ou indirectement à travers les parents. À contrario, 38.8% des résidents n’ont pas d’arrière-plan migratoire (Luxembourgeois nés au Grand-Duché de parents tous les deux également nés au Luxembourg). Le « background » migratoire d’une personne peut être appréhendé à travers sa nationalité, son lieu de naissance, mais également à travers le lieu de naissance des parents. Les personnes de nationalité étrangère nées à l’étranger de deux parents également nés à l’étranger représentent 32.0% de la population. Près d’un dixième de la population (8.5%) est né au Luxembourg de parents nés tous les deux à l’étranger et est de nationalité étrangère. Parmi ces personnes, nous retrouvons pour près de la moitié des Portugais. 4.6% des résidents sont Luxembourgeois nés au Grand-Duché de deux parents nés à l’étranger. 4.3% des personnes résidentes sont luxembourgeoises nées à l’étranger et dont les deux parents sont également nés à l’étranger. Ce groupe inclut les personnes immigrées nées à l’étranger qui ont été naturalisées (94.9% des cas). À noter également que 11.3% de la population ont un arrière-plan migratoire à travers un des deux parents.

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See detailImmigration et migrations internes - Zuwanderung aus dem Ausland und Binnenwanderung
Heinz, Andreas; Peltier, François; Thill, Germaine; Allegrezza, Serge; Ferring, Dieter; Willems, Helmut; Zahlen, Paul

E-print/Working paper (2013)

43,942 people counted in the Luxembourg 2011 census have immigrated from abroad to Luxembourg between 2005 and 2011. More than a third (34.1%) of these immigrants settled in the City of Luxembourg. During the same period 65,627 people migrated from one municipality to another within the country. A clear trend appears, namely the fact that many people are leaving Luxembourg City for another part of the country, notably the suburbs. There are 4 507 people from another municipality who settled in the capital, but 12,035 people have left for another municipality. Two different geographical models are identified for immigration and internal migration. The capital attracts many immigrants (a proportion that far exceeds the percentage of inhabitants of the capital in the total population), while for internal migration, there are more people moving from Luxembourg City to another municipality. The age structure of immigrants from abroad and people who migrate internally is very similar. It is mainly young adults and their children.

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See detailLocation : Surfaces et loyers - Mietwohnungen: Kaltmieten - Wohnungsgrößen - Vorzugsmieten
Heinz, Andreas; Peltier, François; Thill, Germaine; Allegrezza, Serge; Ferring, Dieter; Willems, Helmut; Zahlen, Paul

E-print/Working paper (2013)

In Luxembourg, 28.3% of households are renters, which corresponds to 24.7% of the population. 91.9% of renter households pay a normal rent and 8.1% a reduced rent. On average, a reduced rent is € 396.7, while a normal rent reaches € 887.8 for similar surfaces (respectively 84.1 m² and 83.5 m²). In absolute terms, the rents are higher in municipalities located in the outskirts of the capital. With the distance from Luxembourg City, rents decrease. However, the housing surfaces in densely populated areas such as the City of Luxembourg, are generally smaller, so that the rent per square meter is the highest in the capital: 14.7 € per m² in the City of Luxembourg, against 12.5 € per m² on national average. Significant differences also exist in rent according to the nationality of the tenant. Britons pay on average the highest rents, but together with the Dutch, they also have larger surfaces. Montenegrins rent the smallest surface area per capita (27.5 m²). The level of rents depends on the time of moving in the dwelling. The average rent for a dwelling in which a household moved from 2001 to 2011 is € 13 per m², against € 7 per m² for a dwelling in which a household moved before 1980.

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See detailSurface et équipement du logement - Die Wohnsituation: Wohnfläche und Ausstattung der Wohnung
Heinz, Andreas; Peltier, François; Thill, Germaine; Allegrezza, Serge; Ferring, Dieter; Willems, Helmut; Zahlen, Paul

E-print/Working paper (2013)

In Luxembourg, a household has, on average, 129.9 m² surface of dwelling. But deviations from this average are important: with increasing household size, the surface of dwelling also increases. However, the surface per capita is highest for single households, that is to say, people living alone (95.2 m²). For a household of six people or more, the surface available per person is only 30.1 m². It is in Esch-sur-Alzette where the dwelling surface per household is the lowest (96.0 m² on average), while in Niederanven the dwelling surface per household reaches 190.2 m². Dwelling surfaces also vary according to the nationality of the reference person of the household. Households whose reference person is British have the largest dwelling surface (158.7 m² per household on average), followed by the Dutch (153.6 m² per household) and Luxemburgers (140.9 m²). With 97.9 m² per household on average, the Portuguese live in smaller dwellings. There is also a link between the occupancy status and the surface of the dwelling. Owner households live in the most spacious dwellings (147.7 m² on average), while the surface available for tenant households is only 83.6 m². As the household size of owners is on average greater than that of renter households, per capita differences are smaller. The dwelling surface per capita of an owner household is 69.9 m², while for a tenant household, the dwelling surface per capita is 47.2 m². 97.0% of dwellings have a minimum standard of basic equipment, i.e. a bathroom, a toilet and central heating.

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See detailLa situation du logement : immeubles d’habitation, ménages, propriétaires et locataires - Die Wohnsituation: Bewohnte Gebäude - Privathaushalte - Wohneigentum
Heinz, Andreas; Peltier, François; Thill, Germaine; Allegrezza, Serge; Ferring, Dieter; Willems, Helmut; Zahlen, Paul

E-print/Working paper (2013)

In Luxembourg, there were 130,091 residential buildings at the time of the census. Single family homes are the prevalent type of buildings. They represent 83.5% of all residential buildings. Of the single family homes, detached houses are predominant (37.9% of all residential buildings), followed by single family semi-detached houses (25.0%) and single-family homes in a row (20.6%). Apartment buildings represent only 12.5% of total residential buildings. However, the share of the population living in single family homes is only 62.6%, while 32.7% of the population is living in apartment buildings. In the 208,565 private households, there are 503,280 people, that is to say, on average, 2.41 persons per household. One third of households (33.3%) are single households. 27.4% of residents live in two-person households and 15.9% in households of three people. The real estate market is moving. 9.4% of people surveyed in Luxembourg live less than one year in their home. 34.1% live in their homes for less than 5 years. More than two thirds of households (69.0%) are homeowners, 28.3% of households live in rental and 2.7% live in homes without paying rent. The percentage varies widely by nationality, but also by municipalities. 84.5% of Luxembourgers are homeowners. The percentage of owners is generally higher in municipalities located at a certain distance from the center. In Luxembourg-City, only 47.9% are homeowners.

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See detailJugendliche als Zielgruppe offener Jugendarbeit
Willems, Helmut; Heinen, Andreas; Meyers, Christiane

in Handbuch offene Jugendarbeit in Luxemburg (2013)

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See detailLokale Netzwerkbildung als strategisches Konzept in der Prävention Evaluation einer Sensibilisierungskampagne zum Alkoholkonsum im Jugendalter
Grimm, Sandra; Residori, Caroline; Joachim, Patrice; Decieux, Jean Philippe Pierre; Willems, Helmut

Book published by Springer VS (2013)

Die Studie befasst sich mit der Frage, ob und unter welchen Bedingungen es mit Hilfe von Kampagnen gelingt, durch lokale Netzwerkbildung bei Erwachsenen eine soziale Verantwortung für Gefährdungen von Jugendlichen durch Alkoholkonsum zu entwickeln und zu stärken. Die Evaluation der Kampagne und ihrer Wirkungen setzt bereits bei der Frage nach den organisationalen Managementprozessen der Kampagne an, befasst sich mit der Identifizierung und Analyse der lokalen Netzwerke und schließt mit einer Untersuchung der Perspektiven und Reaktionen der Jugendlichen auf die Kampagne.

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See detailLernprozesse und Lernerfahrungen in Jugendprojekten. Eine Studie zu Aspekten non-formaler Bildung in den Projekten von "Jugend in Aktion" in Luxemburg
Weis, Daniel; Meyers, Christiane; Willems, Helmut

Report (2013)

This report summarises the results of a study of the learning effects in the projects of the European Union "Youth in Action” programme (YiA). This national study is part of a European study into non-formal learning and takes an academic look at the learning and educational processes within the scope of the projects. The main area of interest here are projects financed by the Luxembourg Agency for the YiA programme. By incorporating them into the European study, which is being carried out by the international RAY Network, the results can also be compared to those of other countries.

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See detailTool zur einfachen und schnellen Erstellung von Fragebögen in Word
Decieux, Jean Philippe Pierre; Jacob, Rüdiger; Heinz, Andreas

Software (2013)

Zentrales Anliegen bei der Konzeption und Realisierung dieser Dokumentvorlage war es, Standardlösungen für die häufigsten Frage‐ und Skalenformen anzubieten, die (in den meisten Fällen) per Mausklick abrufbar sind und –abgesehen natürlich von dem Eintragen der jeweiligen Frageinhalte– nicht weiter modifiziert werden müssen. Das Instrument sollte also möglichst einfach handhabbar sein und nur noch ein Minimum an „Programmiertätigkeit“ des Nutzers erfordern. Die Dokumentvorlage ist deshalb modular aufgebaut und enthält Standardlösungen für Intervieweranweisungen, Fragen, Skalen, Listen, demographische Fragen und Anschreiben.

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See detailThe Interplay between Educational Achievement, Occupational Success, and Well-Being
Samuel, Robin; Bergman, Manfred Max; Hupka-Brunner, Sandra

in Social Indicators Research (2013), 111(1), 75-96

Many studies have examined the effect of life events, education, and income on well-being. Conversely, research concerning well-being as a predictor of life course outcomes is sparse. Diener’s suggestion “to inquire about the effects of well-being on future behavior and success” has, with some exceptions, not yet come to fruition. This article contributes to this body of research. We conceptualize and analyze the interplay between educational achievement, occupational success, and well-being as a complex process. The relationship between these domains is examined drawing on a structure-agency framework derived from Bourdieu and Social Comparison Theory. Social comparison between adolescents and their parents is suggested to be the mechanism explaining the effects of successful and unsuccessful intergenerational transmission of educational achievement and occupational success on well-being. It is further argued that well-being may serve as an individual resource by fostering educational and occupational outcomes. Panel data from the Transition from Education to Employment (TREE) project, a Swiss PISA 2000 follow-up study, was used. The interplay between well-being and successful and unsuccessful intergenerational transfer of educational attainment was analyzed in an autoregressive cross-lagged mixture model framework. Social comparison was found to be related to well-being, while well-being proved to significantly increase the probability of successful intergenerational transfer of educational attainment.

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See detailÉvolution de l'activité professionnelle selon l'âge, le sexe et la nationalité, 2001 - 2011 - Entwicklung der Erwerbstätigkeit nach Alter, Geschlecht und Nationalität
Heinz, Andreas; Peltier, François; Thill, Germaine; Allegrezza, Serge; Ferring, Dieter; Willems, Helmut; Zahlen, Paul

E-print/Working paper (2012)

Between the 2001 and the 2011 censuses, the part of the persons in employment in the total population decreased slightly from 43.9 % to 43.2 %. For men this recoil was more important. The percentage of the men in employment passed from 52.2 % to 48.3 % of the total of the male population. The part of the women in employment on the other hand, increased from 35.7 % of the female population in 2001 to 38.2 % in 2011. However, in all the age groups, the men remain more numerous to be in employment than the women. The age of the beginning of the professional life increased, but the active life is also longer and this especially for women. The foreigners are relatively more numerous to be in employment (48.5 % of the foreign population) than the Luxembourgers (39.5 % of the Luxembourgish population). In medium age groups, the employment rates of the Luxembourgers are however higher than those of the foreigners. On the other hand, the foreigners are proportionally more numerous to be in employment at more advanced ages than the Luxembourgers.

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See detailActivité professionnelle et inactivité - Erwerbstätigkeit und Nichterwerbstätigkeit
Heinz, Andreas; Peltier, François; Thill, Germaine; Allegrezza, Serge; Ferring, Dieter; Willems, Helmut; Zahlen, Paul

E-print/Working paper (2012)

The residents who perform a professional function are considered as "active". Unpaid family workers and part-time employed persons also belong to this category. From 2001 to 2011, the part of working people in the population decreased slightly from 43.9% to 43.2%. The part of persons exclusively occupied in their own household fell by 14.1% in 2001 to 8.8% in 2011. The part of unemployed persons, pupils and students has increased. Regarding gender, men are more likely to be active or retired, while women are relatively more likely to be occupied in their own household. Residents of foreign nationality are, in relative terms, more often active or unemployed than Luxembourgers who are more often in training or already in pension. These characteristics are partly due to the different age structure of the Luxembourgish and foreign population.

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See detailLa population par nationalité (2)
Peltier, François; Thill, Germaine; Heinz, Andreas; Allegrezza, Serge; Ferring, Dieter; Willems, Helmut; Zahlen, Paul

E-print/Working paper (2012)

On 1st February 2011, 59.8% of residents were born in Luxembourg (306 221 persons). With 85.6%, the big majority of these people are Luxembourgish. Three-quarters (74.2%) of foreign-born living in Luxembourg have another nationality of the European Union, while 14.1% have the Luxembourgish nationality. 41.5% (+- 85 000 people) of the people born abroad arrived in the past 10 years. At the time of the census, 42,465 people were naturalized. Portuguese and Italians are the more numerous to have acquired the Luxembourgish nationality. If 20.2% of naturalized citizen have at least a second nationality (8 557 individuals), only 2.7% of Luxembourgish Birth (6 736 people) have at least a second nationality. Relating to the socio-economic status and the household size, significant differences are observed between Luxembourgish and foreigners. The share of Luxembourgish having a job is 39.5%, while for foreigners it is about 48.5%. If 16.6% of Luxembourgish are retired, they are only 8.4% among foreigners. The average household size is larger for foreigners (2.54) than Luxembourgish households (2.32).

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See detailLa population par nationalité (1)
Peltier, François; Thill, Germaine; Heinz, Andreas; Allegrezza, Serge; Ferring, Dieter; Willems, Helmut; Zahlen, Paul

E-print/Working paper (2012)

Since the 2001 census, the foreign population has increased by nearly 35%. The 1st February 2011, there were 220 522 foreigners equivalent to 43.04% of the total population. People from the EU-27 countries (except Luxembourg) represent 37.41% of the resident population and nearly 87% of the foreign population living in the Grand Duchy. The Portuguese nationality is the first foreign nationality in the country with 82 363 individuals (16.08% of the total population). The increase of Luxembourgish is much less pronounced. On February 1st 2011, there were 291 831 persons with Luxembourgish nationality, that is to say an increase of 5.26% in comparison to 2001. The native people from Luxembourg constitute 48.67% of the total population. The average age for foreigners in Luxembourg is around 35 years, and is 6 years younger compared to Luxembourgish individuals. Foreign persons live mostly in the Centreor in the South of the country, but the growth of the number of foreigners in the last decade was higher in the Northern area than in other regions.

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See detail"Making of" du recensement général de la population au 1er février 2011
Thill, Germaine; Peltier, François; Heinz, Andreas; Allegrezza, Serge; Ferring, Dieter; Willems, Helmut; Zahlen, Paul

E-print/Working paper (2012)

Cette publication est la première d’une sérié, réali-sée conjointement par le STATEC et l’Université du Luxembourg/INSIDE (Integrative Research Unit on Social and Individual Development), présentant au public intéressé les résultats du recensement de la population de 2011. Au 1er février 2011 s’est déroulé le 36e recensement de la population au Grand-Duché de Luxembourg. Pendant plusieurs semaines, 2 157 agents recen-seurs, nommés par les communes, ont distribué et collecté les questionnaires auprès des ménages. Ces ménages avaient, pour la première fois, la pos-sibilité de remplir leur questionnaire par Internet. 512 353 personnes ont été recensées comme rési-dantes.

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See detailLa répartition géographique de la population - Die räumliche Verteilung der Bevölkerung
Heinz, Andreas; Thill, Germaine; Peltier, François; Allegrezza, Serge; Ferring, Dieter; Willems, Helmut; Zahlen, Paul

E-print/Working paper (2012)

Au 1er février 2011, 512 353 personnes vivaient au Luxembourg. Les habitants du Grand-Duché se répartissent inégalement sur les différentes unités territoriales : le plus grand district a 6 fois plus d’habitants que le plus petit, le plus grand canton a 34 fois plus d’habitants que le plus petit et la plus grande commune en a 295 fois plus que la plus petite. Cette situation résulte d’un développement qui s’est déroulé de manière inégale. En 1851, les cantons étaient peuplés de manière à peu près égale (entre 13 000 et 17 000 habitants), à l’exception de Luxembourg-Ville, qui était déjà plus grande à l’époque, et du canton plus petit de Vianden. Toutefois, avec l’industrialisation du pays, la population des cantons de Luxembourg-Ville et du canton d’Esch a augmenté plus fortement et plus tôt que celle des autres cantons. Une forte croissance démographique de ces derniers cantons n’intervenait qu’à partir de 1960, et à Vianden à partir du tournant du millénaire. Comme les cantons et les communes sont très différents de par leur nombre d’habitants, mais moins en termes de surface, les densités de population sont très diverses. Au niveau des cantons, la densité varie de 45 à 1 824 habitants/km². Le sud-est du pays est le plus densément peuplé, la capitale affichant la plus grande densité. Au nord et à l’est du canton de Luxembourg, la densité de la population des cantons se situe, par contre, en dessous de la moyenne nationale qui est de 198 habitants/km².

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See detailL’évolution de la population - Die Entwicklung der Bevölkerung
Heinz, Andreas; Thill, Germaine; Peltier, François; Allegrezza, Serge; Ferring, Dieter; Willems, Helmut; Zahlen, Paul

E-print/Working paper (2012)

Depuis le recensement de 2001, la population a augmenté de 72 814 unités pour atteindre, au 1er février 2011, le nombre de 512 353 habitants, ce qui correspond à une croissance annuelle moyenne de 1.5%. L’âge moyen de la population est de 38.7 ans, c’est-à-dire 1.2 an de plus qu’en 2001. Pour re-présenter l’importance relative des différents groupes d’âge, on peut calculer le rapport de dé-pendance des jeunes et le rapport de dépendance des personnes âgées. Le rapport de dépendance des jeunes indique le nombre d’enfants et de jeu-nes entre 0 et 14 ans pour 100 personnes âgées de 15 à 64 ans. Ce rapport a diminué en passant de 28.2% en 2001 à 25.2% en 2011. Le rapport de dé-pendance des personnes âgées indique le nombre de personnes de 65 ans et plus rapporté à 100 per-sonnes ayant entre 15 et 64 ans. Ce rapport a bais-sé légèrement de 20.7% en 2001 à 20.4% en 2011. Toutefois, en termes de structure par âge, il y a des différences régionales et locales assez importantes. Ainsi, l’âge moyen varie de 34.2 à 42.9 ans selon les communes.

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See detailDie Jugend der Gemeinde Mersch. Entwicklungen und Perspektiven. Ergebnisbericht der Jugendstudie im Rahmen des Jugendkommunalplanes für die Gemeinde Mersch
Meyers, Christiane; Heinen, Andreas; Berg, Charles

Report (2012)

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See detailKonzeptioneller Ansatz und methodische Strategien des luxemburgischen Jugendberichtes
Meyers, Christiane; Heinen, Andreas; Willems, Helmut

Presentation (2011, November 17)

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See detailWo und wie wollen Medizinstudenten arbeiten?
Heinz, Andreas

Scientific Conference (2011, November 09)

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See detailDie Rolle des Expertenwissens in der Jugendberichterstattung. Erfahrungen aus dem ersten luxemburgischen Jugendbericht
Meyers, Christiane; Heinen, Andreas; Willems, Helmut

Scientific Conference (2011, March 24)

Mit dem ersten Jugendbericht wurde im Jahr 2010 erstmals ein Gesamtbericht zur Lebenssituation junger Menschen in Luxemburg erstellt. Der luxemburgische Jugendbericht reiht sich damit in die Entwicklung der Sozialberichterstattung vieler anderer europäischer Länder ein, wo in regelmäßigen Abständen Berichte über die Lebenssituation spezieller Bevölkerungsgruppen (Kinder, Jugendliche, Migranten usw.) erscheinen. Quantitative Daten stellen eine wichtige Grundlage des Berichtes dar (Statistiken, Umfragedaten); mittels statistischer Kennzahlen und Verteilungen werden die soziale Realität beschrieben und gesellschaftliche Entwicklungen aufgezeigt. Während die luxemburgische Jugendberichterstattung damit stark an den etablierten Modellen der Sozialberichterstattung orientiert ist, wurde darüber hinaus eine eigene zusätzliche methodisch-konzeptionelle Strategie entwickelt. Neben den quantitativen Daten wurden auch qualitative Verfahren (Experteninterviews, Gruppendiskussionen) eingesetzt. Ziel war es, auch das Erfahrungswissen und die Diskurse in den jugendrelevanten Handlungsfeldern von Praxis, Politik und Wissenschaft für die inhaltliche Ausarbeitung des Berichtes nutzbar zu machen und damit einen Bericht zu erstellen, der über eine reine Datenbeschreibung hinausgeht. Dafür wurde über den gesamten Berichtsprozess ein strukturierter Dialog zwischen Wissenschaft, Praxisakteuren und den zuständigen Fachpolitiken organisiert. Der Beitrag zeigt am Beispiel des ersten luxemburgischen Jugendberichtes, wie Expertenwissen als Datenquelle für die Berichterstattung genutzt werden kann. Er geht der Frage nach, welchen Stellenwert die Expertise, das Erfahrungs- und Handlungswissen von Experten im Rahmen einer Sozialberichterstattung - die traditionell quantitative Daten zum Ausgangspunkt von Beschreibung und Analyse macht - einnimmt. Darüber hinaus wird diskutiert, inwiefern die Praxisdiskurse als spezifische Wissensformen gelten können und wie sie dazu beitragen können, die Jugendberichterstattung im Sinne einer belastbaren „evidence base“ für Praxis und Politik weiterzuentwickeln.

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See detailKey aspects of the current life situation of young people in Luxembourg
Willems, Helmut; Heinen, Andreas; Meyers, Christiane; Biewers, Sandra; Legille, Steve; Milmeister, Paul; Residori, Caroline; Roob, Conny

in Ministère de la Famille et de l'Intégration (Ed.) National Report on the Situation of Young People in Luxembourg. Abridged version (2011)

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See detailFreiwilliges Engagement von Jugendlichen als Lernfeld
Willems, Helmut; Heinen, Andreas; Meyers, Christiane

in Forum für Politik, Gesellschaft und Kultur in Luxemburg (2011), (312), 41-43

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See detailZur Debatte über Bildung und Entwicklung im frühkindlichen Bereich: Interview mit Prof. Dr. Dieter Ferring, Entwicklungspsychologe und Leiter der Forschungsabteilung INSIDE der Universität Luxemburg.
Ferring, Dieter; Schumacher, Anette

Article for general public (2011)

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See detailSuccessful and Unsuccessful Intergenerational Transfer of Educational Attainment on Wellbeing in the Swiss Youth Cohort TREE
Samuel, Robin; Hupka-Brunner, Sandra; Stalder, Barbara E.; Bergman, Manfred Max

in Swiss Journal of Sociology (2011), 37(1), 57-78

Educational attainment is considered the most important contributor to status and occupational achievement in modern societies. Largely dependent on socio-economic background, the transfer of educational attainment from parents to their offspring is likely to have various consequences. Some of these consequences may be of an intra-individual nature. In this article, we explore the consequences of (un)successful intergenerational transfer of educational attainment on wellbeing (self-esteem, positive attitude toward life), drawing primarily on the work of Pierre Bourdieu. We use panel data from the Transition from Education to Employment Project (TREE), and employ longitudinal autoregressive structural equation models. The results show a destabilization of wellbeing over time for the group with downward educational mobility.

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See detailBerufsmonitoring Medizinstudenten: Bundesweite Befragung 2010
Jacob, Rüdiger; Heinz, Andreas

Presentation (2010, September 20)

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See detailBerufsmonitoring Medizinstudenten - Bundesweite Befragung von Medizinstudenten, Frühjahr 2010
Jacob, Rüdiger; Heinz, Andreas; Decieux, Jean Philippe Pierre

E-print/Working paper (2010)

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See detailZentrale Aspekte zur aktuellen Lebenssituation der Jugendlichen in Luxemburg
Willems, Helmut; Heinen, Andreas; Meyers, Christiane; Biewers, Sandra; Legille, Steve; Milmeister, Paul; Residori, Caroline; Roob, Conny

in Rapport national sur la situation de la jeunesse au Luxembourg - Nationaler Bericht zur Situation der Jugend in Luxemburg (2010)

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See detailCESIJE und Evaluation
Berg, Charles; Biewers, Sandra; Milmeister, Marianne; Joachim, Patrice

in Zeitschrift für Evaluation (2010), 9(2), 349-354

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See detailArmutsrisiken bei Kindern und Jugendlichen in Luxemburg
Meyers, Christiane; Milmeister, Paul; Willems, Helmut

in Forum für Politik, Gesellschaft und Kultur in Luxemburg (2010), (300), 25-29

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See detailJugend und Neue Medien in Luxemburg. Explorative Studie zu jugendsoziologischen und erziehungswissenschaftlichen Aspekten. Unveröffentlichter Endbericht.
Joachim, Patrice; Milmeister, Paul

Report (2010)

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See detailTraumberuf Landarzt - Berufliche Perspektiven des medizinischen Nachwuchses
Heinz, Andreas

Scientific Conference (2009, October 02)

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See detailWunnéngshëllef: Eine Institution im Wandel. Anlayse der Erfahrungen, Interessen und Motive der Mitarbeiter als Grundlage der Konzept- und Strategieentwicklung
Biewers, Sandra; Joachim, Patrice

Report (2009)

Der vorliegende Evaluationsbericht dokumentiert die Ergebnisse einer Studie, die im Sommer 2005 durch die Wunnéngshëllef beim luxemburgischen Forschungsinstitut CESIJE (Centre d'Etudes sur la Situation des Jeunes en Europe) in Auftrag gegeben wurde. Sie hat das Ziel, die strukturellen und konzeptionellen Leistungen der Institution Wunnéngshëllef mit sozialwissenschaftlichen Instrumenten zu beleuchten und zu analysieren, um hieraus Einschätzungen zur Ist-Situation der institutionellen und organisatorischen Abläufe, ihrer Qualität, aber auch des Entwicklungsbedarfs und des Entwicklungspotentzials zu erhalten.

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See detailDie Jugend in den Gemeinden Sandweiler und Contern. Abschlussbericht zur Jugendstudie im Rahmen des interkommunalen Jugendgemeindeplanes für die Gemeinden Sandweiler und Contern
Meyers, Christiane; Heinen, Andreas; Legille, Steve; Willems, Helmut

Report (2009)

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See detailDie Jugend in den Gemeinden Niederanven und Betzdorf. Abschlussbericht zur Jugendstudie im Rahmen des interkommunalen Jugendgemeindeplanes für die Gemeinden Niederanven und Betzdorf
Meyers, Christiane; Heinen, Andreas; Legille, Steve; Willems, Helmut

Report (2009)

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See detailEvaluation des Schulversuchs : Jean-Jaurès-Ganztagsschule
Joachim, Patrice

Report (2009)

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See detailElektronische Patientenakte als Netzwerkgut
Heinz, Andreas; Jacob, Rüdiger

Scientific Conference (2008, May 28)

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See detailDie Jugend in Esch. Lebenslagen, Freizeitinteressen und Freundesgruppen
Heinen, Andreas; Boultgen, Danielle; Willems, Helmut

Report (2007)

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See detailProjekt Pelikan : Die Entwicklung eines Systems der kontinuierlichen Qualitätsregulierung im Ausbildungssystem der FNEL
Biewers, Sandra; Joachim, Patrice

Report (2007)

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See detailLa qualité de la médiation au service du développement institutionnel du Centre de Médiation
Joachim, Patrice

Report (2007)

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See detailDie Jugend in der Südregion Luxemburgs
Heinen, Andreas

Article for general public (2007)

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See detailLe bénévolat associatif des jeunes au Luxembourg
Meyers, Christiane

Report (2006)

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See detailStip, Stap et la suite. Evaluation du système de formation interne des Lëtzebuerger Guiden a Scouten. Présentation des résultats du projet.
Joachim, Patrice

Speeches/Talks (2005)

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See detailSTIP, STAP et la suite: Evaluation du système de formation interne des 'Lëtzebuerger Guiden a Scouten'
Joachim, Patrice

Report (2005)