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See detailPrivate Authors, Hybrid Process, Public effects: The Evolutive Legal Nature of Technical Standards Referenced in EU Law
Gerardy, Marie UL

in Jokobs, Kai; Kin, Dong-hyu (Eds.) EURAS Proceedings 2022: Standardisation and Open Source (2022, June)

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See detailOptimal lockdown and vaccination policies to contain the spread of a mutating infectious disease
Prieur, Fabien; Ruan, Weihua; Zou, Benteng UL

E-print/Working paper (2022)

We develop a piecewise deterministic control model to study optimal lockdown and vaccination policies to manage a pandemic. Lockdown is modeled as an impulse control that allows the system to switch from ... [more ▼]

We develop a piecewise deterministic control model to study optimal lockdown and vaccination policies to manage a pandemic. Lockdown is modeled as an impulse control that allows the system to switch from one restriction regime of restrictions to another. Vaccination policy is a continuous control. Decisions are taken under the risk of mutations of the disease, with repercussions on the transmission rate. The decision maker follows a cost minimization objective. We first characterize the optimality conditions for impulse control and show how the prospect of a mutation affects the decision maker's choice by inducing her to anticipate the relative benefit of a regime change after a mutation has occurred. Under some parametric conditions, our problem admits infinitely many value functions. We show the existence of a minimum value function that is a natural candidate to the solution given the nature of the problem. Focusing on this specific value function, we finally study the features of the optimal policy, especially the timing of impulse control. We prove that uncertainty surrounding future \bad" vs. \good" mutation of the disease expedites vs. delays the adoption of lockdown measures. [less ▲]

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See detailIs There A Need for A Directive on Pillar 2? A Few Normative Comments
Haslehner, Werner UL

in Intertax, International Tax Review (2022), 50(6/7),

Poland’s request to link the entry into force of the Pillar 2 Directive to an international agreement on Pillar 1 raises fundamental questions about the European constitutional structure. Beyond the mere ... [more ▼]

Poland’s request to link the entry into force of the Pillar 2 Directive to an international agreement on Pillar 1 raises fundamental questions about the European constitutional structure. Beyond the mere legality of such a link, this contribution seeks to respond to some normative concerns related to the creation of such secondary legislation. [less ▲]

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See detailLiewen an Stierwen am Val des Bons Malades: Wou am Mëttelalter aussetzeg Bierger gewunnt hunn.
Uhrmacher, Martin UL

Conference given outside the academic context (2022)

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See detailSemantic and Interactive Search in an Advanced Note-Taking App for Learning Material
Atashpendar, Aryobarzan UL; Grevisse, Christian UL; Botev, Jean UL et al

in Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (HCI International) (2022, June)

Note-taking apps on tablets are increasingly becoming the go-to space for managing learning material as a student. In particular, digital note-taking presents certain advantages over traditional pen-and ... [more ▼]

Note-taking apps on tablets are increasingly becoming the go-to space for managing learning material as a student. In particular, digital note-taking presents certain advantages over traditional pen-and-paper approaches when it comes to organizing and retrieving a library of notes thanks to various search functionalities. This paper presents improvements to the classic textual-input-based search field, by introducing a semantic search that considers the meaning of a user’s search terms and an automatic question-answering process that extracts the answer to the user’s question from their notes for more efficient information retrieval. Additionally, visual methods for finding specific notes are proposed, which do not require the input of text by the user: through the integration of a semantic similarity metric, notes similar to a selected document can be displayed based on common topics. Furthermore, a fully interactive process allows one to search for notes by selecting different types of dynamically generated filters, thus eliminating the need for textual input. Finally, a graph-based visualization is explored for the search results, which clusters semantically similar notes closer together to relay additional information to the user besides the raw search results. [less ▲]

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See detailTracing the Expansive Effect of the GDPR in the Third Countries. The Cases of Russia, Ukraine and China
Gubenko, Stanislav UL

in Peace Human Rights Governance (2022), 6(1), 79-96

This research aims at analyzing the “expansive effect” of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) in three non-EU case countries, i.e. Russia, Ukraine and China, to understand how the GDPR ... [more ▼]

This research aims at analyzing the “expansive effect” of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) in three non-EU case countries, i.e. Russia, Ukraine and China, to understand how the GDPR provisions affect, or are affected by, the interaction with three non-EU legal systems. The recently adopted GDPR, being a set of comprehensive data processing rules and penalties for violating data protection regulations, has set a very high standard for the other states in developing their own data protection regulations, but at the same time, the GDPR has brought about a wide range of compliance challenges. Due to the extraterritorial character of the General Data Protection Regulation, these challenges regard not only the EU member states but also any organisations around the world engaged in professional or commercial relations with the European Union. Therefore, there is a gap in understanding the interplay between the newly-built European data protection system and the legal systems outside the EU, which this research seeks to cover. [less ▲]

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See detailAchievement motivation in students' everyday lives: Its relationship to momentary positive and negative activation and the moderating role of mindfulness
Grund, Axel UL; Galla, Brian; Fries, Stefan

in Learning and Individual Differences (2022), 97

In achievement motive theory, need for achievement is conceptualized as an explanatory variable that triggers certain experiences and behaviors spontaneously. Experience sampling should therefore be an ... [more ▼]

In achievement motive theory, need for achievement is conceptualized as an explanatory variable that triggers certain experiences and behaviors spontaneously. Experience sampling should therefore be an ideal approach for capturing such motive-specific affective contingencies. However, given that not all students seem to be aware of their underlying motives, the link between self-reported need for achievement and daily experiences may depend on their mindfulness level. In a sample of university students (N = 107), self-reported fear of failure predicted momentary negative activation across activity contexts in everyday life. In addition, hope of success predicted positive activation in more mindful students and in nonroutine situations (e.g., studying, working, or leisure time). Together, these findings are a first step toward illuminating the phenomenological and excitatory nature of need for achievement in students' everyday lives and illustrate the necessity of noticing motive-specific cues in order to integrate them into the explicit motivational self-concept. [less ▲]

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See detailBürgerliche Freiheiten und militärische Pflichten mittelalterlicher Städte
Pauly, Michel UL; Uhrmacher, Martin UL

in Kolnberger, Thomas; Niederkorn, Benoît (Eds.) Militärgeschichte Luxemburgs. Grundzüge einer transnationalen Entwicklung von Militär, Krieg und Gesellschaft – Histoire militaire du Luxembourg, Principales caractéristiques d’un développement transnational de l’armée, de la guerre et de la société (2022)

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See detailLandesbeschreibung mit den Augen des Militärs : Der Ferraris-Atlas als erste kartografische Landesaufnahme des Herzogtums Luxemburg und der Österreichischen Niederlande
Uhrmacher, Martin UL

in Kolnberger, Thomas; Niederkorn, Benoît (Eds.) Militärgeschichte Luxemburgs. Grundzüge einer transnationalen Entwicklung von Militär, Krieg und Gesellschaft - Histoire militaire du Luxembourg. Principales caractéristiques d’un développement transnational de l’armée, de la guerre et de la société (2022)

The 18th century was an age of great innovation in cartography. For the first time, surveys of large areas were undertaken with enormous personnel and technical effort in order to be able to produce ... [more ▼]

The 18th century was an age of great innovation in cartography. For the first time, surveys of large areas were undertaken with enormous personnel and technical effort in order to be able to produce accurate and true-to-scale maps. The Habsburg Monarchy followed the example of the "Carte de Cassini", the first topographic map of France, and also commissioned a cartographic survey for the Netherlandish provinces. Empress Maria Theresa commissioned the director of the mathematics school of the artillery corps of the Austrian Netherlands, Major General Count Johann-Joseph von Ferraris, with this task. Between 1771 and 1777, a map series consisting of 275 hand-coloured single sheets at a scale of 1:11520 was produced under his direction. The "Carte de cabinet des Pays-Bas autrichiens" impresses both by the outstanding quality of the representation and by its great wealth of detail. It is one of the most important sources of 18th century Luxembourg history. [less ▲]

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See detailDie Belagerung von Rodenmacher (1483), von der Stadt Luxemburg aus gesehen
Pauly, Michel UL

in Kolnberger, Thomas; Niederkorn, Benoît (Eds.) Militärgeschichte Luxemburgs. Grundzüge einer transnationalen Entwicklung von Militär, Krieg und Gesellschaft – Histoire militaire du Luxembourg, Principales caractéristiques d’un développement transnational de l’armée, de la guerre et de la société (2022)

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See detailJuristes internationalistes, juristes mixtes, Euro-Lawyers : l’apport de l’expérience semi-coloniale à l’émergence d’un droit supranational
Erpelding, Michel UL

in Clio @ Themis (2022), 22

This paper explores the partly colonial origins of European integration law. It first notes that internationally composed and treaty-based courts with jurisdiction over individual treaty-based rights ... [more ▼]

This paper explores the partly colonial origins of European integration law. It first notes that internationally composed and treaty-based courts with jurisdiction over individual treaty-based rights existed well before the end of WWII, notably in semi-colonial settings. It then addresses the individual careers of several jurists who circulated between Europe and countries subjected to semi-colonial domination. These careers confirm the existence of a range of continuities between international law, the mixed law applied in these countries, and post-WWII European law. [less ▲]

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See detailSmall States Diplomacy in Action. Luxembourg in the European Integration History
Danescu, Elena UL

Presentation (2022, May 30)

After the Second World War, in line with its new strategic choice Luxembourg resolutely set out on the road to international multilateralism and European integration, being in 1951 one of the six founding ... [more ▼]

After the Second World War, in line with its new strategic choice Luxembourg resolutely set out on the road to international multilateralism and European integration, being in 1951 one of the six founding members of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), and in 1952 - the workplace of the newly established European Community institutions. Since then, Luxembourg has played and continues to act as a mediator and a force for ideas in the EU, either as a member State, or through some of its leaders (including Joseph Bech, Pierre Werner, Gaston Thorn, Jacques Santer, Jean-Claude Juncker). Based on a wide range of sources from public and private archives, this presentation aims to illustrate how the Grand-Duchy had become a master of small states diplomacy and a consensus builder in the European integration history, and to demonstrate that the influential nature if its leadership gave Luxembourg a role that far outweighed the country’s socio-economic impact. [less ▲]

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See detailMechanisms of Participation in Vocational Education and Training in Europe
Milmeister, Paul UL; Rastoder, Merlin UL; Houssemand, Claude UL

in Frontiers in Psychology (2022)

This article aims to analyze vocational education and training in Europe and to model mechanisms of educational and vocational choice. First, we expose the differences between VET approaches in Europe ... [more ▼]

This article aims to analyze vocational education and training in Europe and to model mechanisms of educational and vocational choice. First, we expose the differences between VET approaches in Europe. Secondly, a sociological analysis is provided. When VET systems were first created, aspects such as work culture or diverging political concerns led to different responses in the various countries. Thirdly, we present a psychological approach of the educational and vocational choice which draws on a process where profession images are compared with one’s own self-image. Finally, we present an integrated explanatory model of the vocational choice, based on sociological and psychological dimensions. In conclusion, we propose several plans of action in order to support and inform students regarding educational choice and to improve valorization of the VET track. [less ▲]

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See detailModerator: Future Development of the Initiative
Venken, Machteld UL

Presentation (2022, May 28)

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See detailBenchmarking of univariate pleiotropy detection methods applied to epilepsy
Adesoji, Oluyomi M.; Schulz, Herbert; May, Patrick UL et al

in Human Mutation (2022)

AbstractPleiotropy is a widespread phenomenon that may increase insight into the etiology of biological and disease traits. Since genome-wide association studies frequently provide information on a single ... [more ▼]

AbstractPleiotropy is a widespread phenomenon that may increase insight into the etiology of biological and disease traits. Since genome-wide association studies frequently provide information on a single trait only, only univariate pleiotropy detection methods are applicable, with yet unknown comparative performance. Here, we compared five such methods with respect to their ability to detect pleiotropy, including meta-analysis, ASSET, cFDR, CPBayes, and PLACO, by performing extended computer simulations that varied the underlying etiological model for pleiotropy for a pair of traits, including the number of causal variants, degree of traits’ overlap, effect sizes as well as trait prevalence, and varying sample sizes. Our results indicate that ASSET provides the best trade-off between power and protection against false positives. We then applied ASSET to a previously published ILAE consortium dataset on complex epilepsies, comprising genetic generalized epilepsy and focal epilepsy cases and corresponding controls. We identified a novel candidate locus at 17q21.32 and confirmed locus 2q24.3, previously identified to act pleiotropically on both epilepsy subtypes by a mega-analysis. Functional annotation, tissue-specific expression and regulatory function analysis as well as Bayesian co-localization analysis corroborated this result, rendering 17q21.32 a worthwhile candidate for follow-up studies on pleiotropy in epilepsies.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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