Last 7 days
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
See detailTemporary Protection in the EU - State of Play
Sommarribas, Adolfo UL

Presentation (2022, June 16)

On 24 February 2022, the armed forces of the Russian Federation launched an unprovoked full-scale invasion of Ukraine. This was an unprecedented act of aggression against a sovereign and independent ... [more ▼]

On 24 February 2022, the armed forces of the Russian Federation launched an unprovoked full-scale invasion of Ukraine. This was an unprecedented act of aggression against a sovereign and independent country and goes against fundamental principles of international law. It has been strongly condemned by the international community, including the European Union. As of mid-May, over six million Ukrainian and international refugees are fleeing the war to neighbouring EU and third countries (including Moldova) and eight million people have been displaced internally. This massive inflow of Ukrainian refugees into the EU resulted in the Council adopting the implementing Decision 2022/382 of 4 March 2022, introducing temporary protection as a means of dealing with the crisis. This is the first time, that the Temporary Protection Directive has been triggered in the Member States. The EMN has collected information in relation to the Temporary Protection Directive implementation in Member States (e.g. registration) and how the rights conferred to the Beneficiaries of Temporary Protection are provided (e.g. accommodation, healthcare, education, social welfare, etc.) The objective of this workshop is to increase participants’ knowledge in handling information related to the implementation of TPD. The target audience are EMN Member States and the EMN Service Provider but participation is also open to Commission policy officers, EU MS officials and EU agencies. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (0 UL)
See detailOrganiser: Workshop on the Subject of Social Space
Venken, Machteld UL

Presentation (2022, June 16)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailClimate Risk and Price Jumps
Lehnert, Thorsten UL

Scientific Conference (2022, June 13)

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (0 UL)
See detailStudying transnational events through web archives
Schafer, Valerie UL

Scientific Conference (2022, June 13)

This presentation was an update of the work of WG2 related to web archives and transnational events I'm leading within the WARCnet project.

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailContext Stability in Habit Building Increases Automaticity and Goal Attainment
Stojanovic, Marco; Grund, Axel UL; Fries, Stefan

in Frontiers in Psychology (2022)

In this paper, we investigate the effects of context stability on automaticity and goal attainment in intentional habit building. We used hierarchical growth curve modeling and multilevel mediation to ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we investigate the effects of context stability on automaticity and goal attainment in intentional habit building. We used hierarchical growth curve modeling and multilevel mediation to test our hypotheses on two datasets. In Study 1, N = 95 university students (N = 2,482 habit repetitions) built new study habits over a period of 6 weeks with manipulated context stability. One group was instructed to constantly vary the context of their habit repetitions by changing rooms and times and the other group was instructed to keep the context of habit performance stable. In Study 2, N = 308 habits (N = 2,368 habit repetitions) from N = 218 users of a published habit building app were analyzed without manipulating but measuring context stability. We found the same pattern in both datasets: Context stability predicted more automaticity and higher habit repetition goal attainment. We also found that the effect of context stability on habit repetition goal attainment was partially mediated by automaticity in both datasets. These results show that context does not only act as a trigger for habit instigation but also has an ongoing effect on habit execution. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailWhen Cryptographic Ransomware Poses Cyber Threats: Ethical Challenges and Proposed Safeguards for Cybersecurity Researchers
Botes, Wilhelmina Maria UL; Lenzini, Gabriele UL

Scientific Conference (2022, June 10)

Cryptographic ransomware, a malware capable of destroying data, is a serious threat if used against providers of critical infrastructures such as healthcare, energy supply chains, banking services, and ... [more ▼]

Cryptographic ransomware, a malware capable of destroying data, is a serious threat if used against providers of critical infrastructures such as healthcare, energy supply chains, banking services, and transport systems. Used as such, ransomware may qualify as cyber weapon, but the current discussion around cyber and information warfare is not sufficiently legally regulated. This delegates the safe governance thereof to the application of ethical principles but leaves researchers working on ransomware in doubt about the double-use nature of their work and what code of conduct to follow. Although some existing biomedical research ethical principles have been repurposed for ICT research, in the context of recent threats posed by ransomware attacks, these efforts need an urgent rethink, especially when it involves the research of cybersecurity researchers dealing specifically with ransomware. This paper does not offer solutions, but rather describes the complexity, nature and extent of ethical challenges raised by cybersecurity research and invites the cybersecurity research community to enter into active discussions around the need to consider the development of an appropriate research ethics framework in the domain of cybersecurity. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (0 UL)
Full Text
See detailA Mechanistic Multiscale Metabolic Model in Human Astrocytes
Farina, Sofia UL

Presentation (2022, June 10)

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailTélétravail et mobilités dans un contexte transfrontalier
Pigeron-Piroth, Isabelle UL

Scientific Conference (2022, June 09)

La Grande Région SaarLorLux se caractérise par d’intenses flux de travailleurs frontaliers qui représentent près d’un quart des flux de travail frontalier de l’ensemble de l’UE. La pandémie de Covid-19 et ... [more ▼]

La Grande Région SaarLorLux se caractérise par d’intenses flux de travailleurs frontaliers qui représentent près d’un quart des flux de travail frontalier de l’ensemble de l’UE. La pandémie de Covid-19 et le confinement total débuté en mars 2020 ont eu pour conséquence de développer le recours massif au télétravail y compris dans cet espace traversé par plusieurs frontières. Cette plongée brutale et soudaine dans le télétravail a attiré l’attention sur cette forme d’organisation du travail, assez peu utilisée et étudiée jusqu’alors. La question se pose désormais de voir comment va évoluer cette forme de travail dans un contexte transfrontalier, compte tenu des multiples règlementations en vigueur (fiscales, sécurité sociale…), par ailleurs diverses selon les pays concernés (de travail comme de résidence). Le débat a notamment été relancé avec la récente résolution européenne déposée à l’Assemblée Nationale française visant à l’augmentation du télétravail des travailleurs frontaliers et à mener une réflexion européenne sur leur statut (texte adopté n°819). Il importe alors de tenir compte des effets du télétravail sur les travailleurs frontaliers en place mais aussi sur les évolutions du travail frontalier. Doit-on s’attendre à une forte hausse du travail frontalier si le télétravail se généralise ? Comment seront alors impactées les mobilités des frontaliers ? L’objectif de la présente communication est de dresser une liste des effets potentiels du télétravail sur les mobilités (quotidiennes et résidentielles) dans un contexte transfrontalier. Comment le télétravail peut-il impacter les pratiques de mobilités des frontaliers ? constitue-t-il une solution envisageable et réaliste face aux problèmes de congestion autour du Luxembourg ? ou y a-t-il des effets-rebonds qui nuanceraient cet impact du télétravail sur les mobilités? Autant de questions qui constituent une étape préliminaire avant toute tentative de mesure ou de prise en compte de l’effet télétravail dans l’analyse du marché du travail transfrontalier dans la Grande Région. Méthodologie En partant d’une analyse de la littérature sur le sujet, souvent abordé de manière « nationale » donc sans tenir compte des particularités liées aux frontières, nous complèterons ce tour d’horizon par nos propres travaux sur la question et notre connaissance du contexte transfrontalier. Principaux résultats obtenus ou attendus Une réflexion générale sera engagée quant aux effets attendus du télétravail sur les mobilités transfrontalières, à la fois au niveau macro, meso et micro. Il importera de distinguer les impacts sur les travailleurs frontaliers déjà en place et sur ceux qui sont potentiellement candidats à un emploi transfrontalier, mais aussi de tenir compte du fait que tous les emplois ne sont pas télétravaillables par exemple (selon le secteur ou le type d’emploi). Cet inventaire détaillé nous permettra de conclure sur l’intérêt de la prise en compte de la variable télétravail dans les futures analyses du travail frontalier, mais également nous fournira des pistes d’études concrètes à réaliser. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA survey of EMI lecturer training programmes: content, delivery, ways forward.
Deroey, Katrien UL

Scientific Conference (2022, June 09)

This talk will provide insights into designing and delivering English Medium Instruction (EMI) lecturer training by surveying published initiatives worldwide (Deroey, 2021). Although EMI is not a recent ... [more ▼]

This talk will provide insights into designing and delivering English Medium Instruction (EMI) lecturer training by surveying published initiatives worldwide (Deroey, 2021). Although EMI is not a recent phenomenon, many higher education institutions are only now beginning to organize specific support for EMI lecturers. EAP practitioners are often tasked with providing such support, since the perception commonly is that language is the main issue requiring improvement. However, the efficient design and delivery of EMI lecturing training and support is a complex challenge. First, most literature highlights the need for pedagogical and communication training in addition to language work. Second the varied EMI context means training should be adapted to the local cultural, educational, linguistic and institutional contexts (Herington, 2020; Martinez & Fernandes, 2020; Tuomainen, 2018). Third, we need to be sensitive to lecturers’ attitudes towards EMI and EMI training (Tsui, 2018). Fourth, there are practical considerations such as the timely provision of support (Guarda & Helm, 2017); promoting participation; facilitating learning transfer to lectures; and working with what are usually heterogeneous participant groups in terms of English proficiency, (EMI) lecturing experience and discipline (Ball & Lindsay, 2013). Finally, the design of these programmes typically needs to happen with very limited institutional resources, few (if any) published materials and relatively little published research on lecture discourse and EMI lecturer training. Having surveyed the main components, formats and work forms of the programmes, the conclusion highlights ways forward in EMI lecturer training that emerge from this analysis. References Ball, P., & Lindsay, D. (2013). Language demands and support for English-medium instruction in tertiary education. Learning from a specific context In A. Doiz, D. Lasagabaster, & J. M. Sierra (Eds.), English-medium instruction at universities: Global challenges (pp. 44-61). Multilingual Matters. Deroey, K. L. B. (2021). Lecturer training for English Medium Instruction: what and how? In B. D. Bond, A. & M. Evans (Ed.), Innovation, exploration and transformation. Proceedings of the 2019 BALEAP Conference (pp. 245-253). Garnet. Guarda, M., & Helm, F. (2017). A survey of lecturers’ needs and feedback on EMI training. In K. Ackerley, M. Guarda, & F. Helm (Eds.), Sharing perspectives on English-medium instruction (pp. 167-194). Peter Lang. Herington, R. (2020). Observation as a tool to facilitate the professional development of teaching faculty involved in English as a Medium of Instruction: trainer and trainee perspectives. In M. L. Carrió-Pasto (Ed.), Internationalising Learning in Higher Education (pp. 65-82). IGI Global. Martinez, R., & Fernandes, K. (2020). Development of a teacher training course for English medium instruction for higher education professors in Brazil. In M. Del Mar Sánchez-Pérez (Ed.), Teacher Training for English-Medium Instruction in Higher Education (pp. 125-152). IGI Global. Tuomainen, S. (2018). Supporting non-native university lecturers with English-medium instruction. Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education, 10(3), 230-242. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailUnsupervised Learning for User Scheduling in Multibeam Precoded GEO Satellite Systems
Ortiz Gomez, Flor de Guadalupe UL; Lagunas, Eva UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL

Scientific Conference (2022, June 09)

Future generation SatCom multibeam architectures will extensively exploit full-frequency reuse schemes together with interference management techniques, such as precoding, to dramatically increase ... [more ▼]

Future generation SatCom multibeam architectures will extensively exploit full-frequency reuse schemes together with interference management techniques, such as precoding, to dramatically increase spectral efficiency performance. Precoding is very sensitive to user scheduling, suggesting a joint precoding and user scheduling design to achieve optimal performance. However, the joint design requires solving a highly complex optimization problem which is unreasonable for practical systems. Even for suboptimal disjoint scheduling designs, the complexity is still significant. To achieve a good compromise between performance and complexity, we investigate the applicability of Machine Learning (ML) for the aforementioned problem. We propose three clustering algorithms based on Unsupervised Learning (UL) that facilitate the user scheduling decisions while maximizing the system performance in terms of throughput. Numerical simulations compare the three proposed algorithms (K-means, Hierarchical clustering, and Self-Organization) with the conventional geographic scheduling and identify the main trade-offs. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (7 UL)
See detailBetween fulfilling the legal mandate and clarifying the fate of dead soldiers of World War II - The efforts of a private association to exhume and identify German war dead
Janz, Nina UL

Speeches/Talks (2022)

Over one million German military dead of the Second World War are missing. The private association VDK Deutsche Kriegsgräberfürsorge e.V. (VDK) is, as the German War Graves Commission the official ... [more ▼]

Over one million German military dead of the Second World War are missing. The private association VDK Deutsche Kriegsgräberfürsorge e.V. (VDK) is, as the German War Graves Commission the official representative of the German government responsible for the localisation and exhumation of German military graves, the identification of the dead, the reburial and the maintenance of military cemeteries worldwide. More than 75 years after the end of the violent conflict, the VDK has completed its work in Western Europe, but has continued its systematic search for graves and remains of German Wehrmacht soldiers in Eastern Europe, especially in the Russian Federation. The paper presents the localisation, recovery and identification of remains and uses a case study in Russia to discuss the complexity of German remains both in German society and politics and in the host country Russia. The difficulty in dealing with dead bodies marked as perpetrators and held responsible for inhumane crimes is only one challenge for the VDK. In addition, the paper reviews the hesitant use of DNA identification, the lack of interest in clarifying the fate of MIA soldiers in German post-war politics and the existing resentment towards Nazi dead, which delays or ignores the forensic processing of German war dead. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (0 UL)