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See detailBack to the Future with Icons and Images: "Low-Tech" to Communicate and Protect Privacy and Data
Botes, Wilhelmina Maria UL; Rossi, Arianna UL

in Ducato, Rossana; Strowel, Alain (Eds.) Legal Design Perspectives. Theoretical and Practical Insights from the Field (2021)

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See detailExecutive summary
Poillot, Elise UL

in Poillot, Elise; Lenzini, Gabriele; Resta, Giorgio (Eds.) et al Data Protection in the Context of Covid-19. A Short (Hi)story of Tracing Applications (2021)

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See detailThe French National Framework of Tracing Applications
Poillot, Elise UL; Lenzini, Gabriele UL

in Poillot, Elise; Lenzini, Gabriele; Resta, Giorgio (Eds.) Data Protection in the Context of Covid-19. A Short (Hi)story of Tracing Applications (2021)

available on line (click on scarica): https://romatrepress.uniroma3.it/libro/data-protection-in-the-context-of-covid-19-a-short-history-of-tracing-applications/

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See detailNational Judges and the European Court of Justice
Poillot, Elise UL; Mancaleoni, Anna-Maria

Book published by RomaTrE-Press (2021)

The impact of EU law on the Member States depends decisively on the application by national judges of principles and rules elaborated by the EU Court of Justice in response to the preliminary ruling ... [more ▼]

The impact of EU law on the Member States depends decisively on the application by national judges of principles and rules elaborated by the EU Court of Justice in response to the preliminary ruling references made by the national judges themselves. Therefore the good functioning of the complex system resulting from the interaction between the EU legal order and the Member States implies a constructive relationship between the Court of Justice and the national judges. With this premise, the volume aims to face the di culties experienced in the ‘dialogue’ between all national courts (on the merits, supreme, constitutional) and the EU Court of Justice. To this purpose the national judges themselves are called to express their opinions: they were requested to illustrate, from their experience, the drawbacks encountered in the communication with the CJEU. The voice of professors specialised in European and comparative law is then heard. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Belgian National Framework of Tracing Applications
Poillot, Elise UL

in Poillot, Elise; Lenzini, Gabriele; Resta, Giorgio (Eds.) et al Data Protection in the Context of Covid-19. A Short (Hi)story of Tracing Applications (2021)

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See detailDAC6 and the Challenges Arising from Its Disclosure Obligation
Bianco, Arthur UL

in EC Tax Review (2021), 30(1), 8-23

Directive 2018/822 (‘DAC6’) aims at ensuring the exchange of information between Member States of potentially tax-aggressive arrangements. To do so, the European legislator has entrusted intermediaries ... [more ▼]

Directive 2018/822 (‘DAC6’) aims at ensuring the exchange of information between Member States of potentially tax-aggressive arrangements. To do so, the European legislator has entrusted intermediaries across the European Union with the task of gathering and reporting a number of potentially aggressive tax arrangements to improve tax transparency and stifle tax avoidance. Unfortunately, a closer analysis of the text has revealed multiple issues that may threaten the well-functioning of the system and could impede the action of the intermediaries. From missing definitions and a lack of guidance to new concepts in dire need of proper interpretation, intermediaries are left with a daunting task to tackle. Risks of delays and over-disclosure, arising from the inconsistencies and uncertainties left by the text of the instrument, may not only undermine the effectiveness of the reporting obligation, but also that of the rest of the system altogether. [less ▲]

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See detailBiomarker discovery studies for patient stratification using machine learning analysis of omics data: a scoping review
Glaab, Enrico UL; Rauschenberger, Armin UL; Banzi, Rita et al

in BMJ Open (2021), 11(12), 053674

Objective: To review biomarker discovery studies using omics data for patient stratification which led to clinically validated FDA-cleared tests or laboratory developed tests, in order to identify common ... [more ▼]

Objective: To review biomarker discovery studies using omics data for patient stratification which led to clinically validated FDA-cleared tests or laboratory developed tests, in order to identify common characteristics and derive recommendations for future biomarker projects. Design: Scoping review. Methods: We searched PubMed, EMBASE and Web of Science to obtain a comprehensive list of articles from the biomedical literature published between January 2000 and July 2021, describing clinically validated biomarker signatures for patient stratification, derived using statistical learning approaches. All documents were screened to retain only peer-reviewed research articles, review articles or opinion articles, covering supervised and unsupervised machine learning applications for omics-based patient stratification. Two reviewers independently confirmed the eligibility. Disagreements were solved by consensus. We focused the final analysis on omics-based biomarkers which achieved the highest level of validation, that is, clinical approval of the developed molecular signature as a laboratory developed test or FDA approved tests. Results: Overall, 352 articles fulfilled the eligibility criteria. The analysis of validated biomarker signatures identified multiple common methodological and practical features that may explain the successful test development and guide future biomarker projects. These include study design choices to ensure sufficient statistical power for model building and external testing, suitable combinations of non-targeted and targeted measurement technologies, the integration of prior biological knowledge, strict filtering and inclusion/exclusion criteria, and the adequacy of statistical and machine learning methods for discovery and validation. Conclusions: While most clinically validated biomarker models derived from omics data have been developed for personalised oncology, first applications for non-cancer diseases show the potential of multivariate omics biomarker design for other complex disorders. Distinctive characteristics of prior success stories, such as early filtering and robust discovery approaches, continuous improvements in assay design and experimental measurement technology, and rigorous multicohort validation approaches, enable the derivation of specific recommendations for future studies. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Infringement Procedure over Weiss: a Sceptical Appraisal
Dani, Marco; Mendes, Joana UL

Diverse speeches and writings (2021)

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See detailInferring the Meaning of Non-personal, Anonymized, and Anonymous Data
Podda, Emanuela UL; Palmirani, Monica

in Rodríguez-Doncel, Victor; Palmirani, Monica; Araszkiewicz, Michał (Eds.) et al AI Approaches to the Complexity of Legal Systems (2021)

On the awareness of the dynamism pertaining to data and its processing, this paper investigates the problem of having two mutually exclusive definitions of personal and non-personal data in the legal ... [more ▼]

On the awareness of the dynamism pertaining to data and its processing, this paper investigates the problem of having two mutually exclusive definitions of personal and non-personal data in the legal framework in force. The taxonomic analysis of key terms and their context of application highlights the risk to crystalize the whole system upon which the digital single market is built, suffocating its future development. With this premise, the paper discusses the extent of the two main data processing tools provided by the GDPR, questioning the ex-ante categorization of data and its outcome, supporting stakeholders in overcoming this issue. [less ▲]

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See detailFinTech, financial inclusion and the UN sustainable development goals
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL; Veidt, Robin UL; Buckley et al

in FinTech, Routledge Handbook (2021)

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See detailTaxing Data-driven Business: Toward Datapoint Pricing
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL; Anker-Sorensen, L.

in World Tax Journal (2021)

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See detailAI in Finance – Putting the Human-in-the-Loop
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL; Arner; Buckley et al

in Sydney Law Review (2021)

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See detailTaxing Data-driven Business: Towards Datapoint Pricing
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL; Anker-Sorensen, Linn

in World Tax Journal 13 (Vol 2, May 2021), 217-251 (2021)

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See detailSovereign Digital Currencies: Reshaping the Design of Money and Payment Systems
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL; Buckley, Ross; Arner, Douglas et al

in 15:1 Journal of Payments Strategy & Systems (2021)

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See detailFrom Centralized to Decentralized Finance: The Issue of “Fake-DeFi”
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL; Anker-Sorensen, Linn

E-print/Working paper (2021)

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See detailA Principles-based Approach to the Governance of BigFintechs
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL; Arner, Douglas; Buckley, Ross et al

E-print/Working paper (2021)

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See detailAFI Innovative Regulatory Approaches Toolkit
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL; Arner, Douglas; Buckley, Ross et al

Report (2021)

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See detailEuropean Financial Law: Basics
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL; Veidt, Robin

in Encyklopedia on European Law, Vol. VIII (2021)

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (2 UL)