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See detailPublic History: A Textbook of Practice
Cauvin, Thomas UL

Book published by Routledge (2016)

Public History: A Textbook of Practice is a guide to the many challenges historians face while teaching, learning, and practicing public history. Historians can play a dynamic and essential role in ... [more ▼]

Public History: A Textbook of Practice is a guide to the many challenges historians face while teaching, learning, and practicing public history. Historians can play a dynamic and essential role in contributing to public understanding of the past, and those who work in historic preservation, in museums and archives, in government agencies, as consultants, as oral historians, or who manage crowdsourcing projects need very specific skills. This book links theory and practice and provides students and practitioners with the tools to do public history in a wide range of settings. The text engages throughout with key issues such as public participation, digital tools and media, and the internationalization of public history. Part One focuses on public history sources, and offers an overview of the creation, collection, management, and preservation of public history materials (archives, material culture, oral materials, or digital sources). Chapters cover sites and institutions such as archival repositories and museums, historic buildings and structures, and different practices such as collection management, preservation (archives, objects, sounds, moving images, buildings, sites, and landscape), oral history, and genealogy. Part Two deals with the different ways in which public historians can produce historical narratives through different media (including exhibitions, film, writing, and digital tools). The last part explores the challenges and ethical issues that public historians will encounter when working with different communities and institutions. Either in public history methods courses or as a resource for practicing public historians, this book lays the groundwork for making meaningful connections between historical sources and popular audiences. [less ▲]

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See detailA mean-shift algorithm based autonomous visual tracking for micro aerial vehicles
Kemsaram, Narsimlu UL; Kanth, T. V. Rajini; Guntupalli, Devendra Rao

in International Journal of Recent Trends in Engineering Research (2016), 2(4), 362--369

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See detailAn autonomous visual tracking algorithm based on mean-shift algorithm and extended Kalman filter estimator
Kemsaram, Narsimlu UL; Thatiparti, T. V. R.; Guntupalli, Devendra Rao et al

in International Journal of Innovative Computer Science Engineering (2016), 3(2), 14--23

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See detailAn efficient approach of autonomous visual tracking for micro aerial vehicles
Kemsaram, Narsimlu UL; Kanth, T. V. Rajini; Guntupalli, Devendra Rao et al

in International Journal of Recent Scientific Research (2016), 7(6), 11959--11964

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See detailA hybrid autonomous visual tracking algorithm for micro aerial vehicles
Kemsaram, Narsimlu UL; Thatiparti, T. V. R.; Guntupalli, Devendra Rao et al

in International Journal of Engineering Sciences Research Technology (2016), 5(8), 524--535

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See detailBessere Verhaltensinhibition nach Stress bei Jung und Alt – eine EKP Studie
Dierolf, Angelika UL; Hessas, Eve; Schoofs, Daniela et al

in Kathmann, Norbert (Ed.) Programmheft PuG 2016; Abstractband PuG2016 (2016)

Ein Großteil der kognitiven Fertigkeiten, vor allem im Bereich der exekutiven Funktionen, nimmt mit zunehmendem Alter ab. Dabei sind insbesondere diejenigen Funktionen betroffen, welche auf dem ... [more ▼]

Ein Großteil der kognitiven Fertigkeiten, vor allem im Bereich der exekutiven Funktionen, nimmt mit zunehmendem Alter ab. Dabei sind insbesondere diejenigen Funktionen betroffen, welche auf dem präfrontalen Cortex basieren. Dieser gilt als besonders stress-sensitiv. Im Humanbereich sind Stresseffekte auf exekutive Funktionen, speziell Verhaltensinhibition, bisher wenig erforscht worden. Die vorliegende EEG Studie untersuchte den gemeinsamen Einfluss von Alter und Stress auf Verhaltensinhibition und deren neuronale Korrelate. Dazu wurden 49 junge und alte Männer mittels des Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) gestresst oder durchliefen eine Kontrollprozedur bevor sie ein Go Nogo Paradigma bearbeiteten. Der TSST führte in beiden Altersgruppen gleichermaßen zu einem signifikanten Cortisolanstieg. Junge und alte Probanden machten nach dem TSST weniger Fehler in Nogo Durchgängen. Die Analyse der ereigniskorrelierten Potentiale zeigte, dass Alter und Stress die neuronalen Korrelate (N2, P3) veränderte. Während ältere Probanden generell eine reduzierte N2 und P3 im Vergleich zu jungen Probanden aufwiesen, führte Stress in beiden Altersgruppen zu einer vergrößerten N2. Hinsichtlich der P3 zeigten junge gestresste Probanden eine reduzierte P3 Amplitude, während Stress in älteren Probanden eine Vergrößerung der Amplitude bewirkte. Zudem führte Stress tendenziell in beiden Gruppen zu kürzeren Latenzen, insbesondere bei jungen Probanden. Entgegen der weit verbreitenden Annahme, dass Stress zu Einbußen in exekutiven Funktionen führt, zeigen die Ergebnisse eine stressinduzierte Verbesserung der inhibitorischen Kontrolle in beiden Altersklassen. Allerdings scheinen zum Teil unterschiedliche Mechanismen dafür in jungen und alten Probanden dafür verantwortlich zu sein. [less ▲]

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See detailDas illustrierte Flugblatt als Sammlungsobjekt
Te Heesen, Kerstin UL

Scientific Conference (2016)

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See detailChinese university patents: quantity, quality, and the role of subsidy programs
Fisch, Christian UL; Block, Jörn; Sandner, Philipp

in Journal of Technology Transfer (2016), 41(1), 60-84

Chinese university patenting has gained importance in recent years. Using a comprehensive dataset of university patents by 155 leading Chinese universities from 1991 to 2009, our study pursues two ... [more ▼]

Chinese university patenting has gained importance in recent years. Using a comprehensive dataset of university patents by 155 leading Chinese universities from 1991 to 2009, our study pursues two objectives: First, we analyze the quantity and quality of patents filed by leading Chinese universities. Second, we analyze the role of subsidy programs with regard to university patenting in China. With regard to the first objective, our results show that university patents witnessed rapid growth in terms of quantity while patent quality did not increase to a similar degree. Regarding the second objective, we find that a subsidy program to promote research excellence at selected universities is a significant driver of patent quantity and quality. In contrast, a subsidy program that decreases the costs of patent applications seems to enhance patent quantity but not patent quality. We conclude that innovation policies which aim to stimulate patents of higher quality should focus primarily on increasing university R&D, and to a lesser extent on decreasing the costs of university patenting. [less ▲]

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See detailPatents and trademarks: Motivations, antecedents, and value in industrialized and emerging markets
Fisch, Christian UL

Doctoral thesis (2016)

Intellectual property rights (IPRs) play a very important role for innovations. They serve as a mechanism for innovators (e.g., individuals, companies, universities) to protect their intellectual property ... [more ▼]

Intellectual property rights (IPRs) play a very important role for innovations. They serve as a mechanism for innovators (e.g., individuals, companies, universities) to protect their intellectual property and enable the holder of the IPR to profit from the innovation. Patents and trademarks constitute the two most important and most frequently utilized IPRs. This thesis contains five empirical studies that address recent research gaps in research on patents and trademarks. With regard to patents, this thesis focuses on patenting in China, which underwent a remarkable and explosive growth recently: Only 15 years ago, Chinese applicants filed 1.9% of the patents they filed in 2014. This is because China is trying to transition itself from an imitation-based to innovation-based economy. However, even though China is actively and prominently fostering innovation in trying to become a leading innovator, China is still far away from reaching the world’s innovation frontier. In light of this ongoing and still relatively unexplored phenomenon, this thesis addresses several important issues regarding the antecedents of patenting and the value of patents in China that are crucial, but have received little attention so far. In particular, this thesis addresses the more specific topics of university patenting, the impact of acquisitions on innovation performance, and patent value in China. In contrast to research on patenting, research on trademarking is in comparatively early stages. Trademarks are a very important IPR for firms to distinguish themselves from competitors and have been linked positively to the market valuation, survival, and productivity of firms. However, little is known on why firms file trademarks, which is the focus of the final study in this thesis. [less ▲]

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See detailWho prefers working in family firms? An exploratory study of individuals’ organizational preferences across 40 countries
Block, Jörn; Fisch, Christian UL; Lau, James et al

in Journal of Family Business Strategy (2016), 7(2), 65-74

Employees can work in family or in non-family firms. Using a sample of more than 12,000 individuals in 40 countries, we investigate this particular occupational choice decision by exploring individual ... [more ▼]

Employees can work in family or in non-family firms. Using a sample of more than 12,000 individuals in 40 countries, we investigate this particular occupational choice decision by exploring individual preferences to work in family firms. Our results show that socio-demographic, occupation-related, and entrepreneurship-related variables influence the preference to work in family firms. For example, a preference to work in family firms correlates positively with being female, a positive opinion on entrepreneurs, and self-employment intention, while it correlates negatively with length of full-time education, living in an urban area, being a manager, and entrepreneurship education. Our results help family firms with regard to recruiting of non-family employees and employer branding. [less ▲]

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See detailTropy
Takats, Sean UL; Mullen, Abby

Software (2016)

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See detailFrontaliers atypiques dans la Grande-Région SaarLorLux
Wille, Christian UL; Helfer, Malte UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2016)

The Greater Region is characterised by the singular independence of its labour market between its different sectors. Cross-border commuting across national borders has been facilitated in a tangible way ... [more ▼]

The Greater Region is characterised by the singular independence of its labour market between its different sectors. Cross-border commuting across national borders has been facilitated in a tangible way by the process of European unification, as a result of which the status of cross-border commuters has been defined from the point of view of social and fiscal rights. This definition does not distinguish between border workers who migrate from their "home region" to the neighbouring country and those who come from the neighbouring country to the "home region" to join their place of work. The last-mentioned atypical border phenomenon is becoming increasingly important in the Greater Region. It is therefore in the context of residential mobility and atypical mobility of cross-border employees that the motivations of the latter as well as questions relating to the spatial organisation of daily practices are analysed in the context of the change of domicile. Aspects of social life at the place of residence will also be investigated and the subjective evaluation of residential migration will be detailed. The evaluation of each of these elements is based on the comparative study of atypical commuting at the border between Luxembourg and Lorraine/Saarland. [less ▲]

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See detailLes Parcs naturels dans la Grande Région SaarLorLux
Deshaies, Michel; Caruso, Geoffrey UL; Helfer, Malte UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2016)

The nature parks are essentially rural areas, relatively extensive, whose landscapes, shaped mainly by traditional agricultural activities, have characteristics and aesthetic qualities favourable to the ... [more ▼]

The nature parks are essentially rural areas, relatively extensive, whose landscapes, shaped mainly by traditional agricultural activities, have characteristics and aesthetic qualities favourable to the reception and development of leisure activities and green tourism. Relatively far from the major urban areas, the landscapes have undergone little transformation under the influence of suburbanisation. The nature parks were set up at different times, within an institutional framework and with objectives that differed significantly depending on the legislation in force in the four countries; the emphasis was initially placed on nature protection, but from the 1990s onwards, sustainable local development became increasingly important. [less ▲]

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See detailPossessions en prêt au Haut Moyen Âge des Abbayes de Gorze et Wissembourg, de 661 à environ 860
Kasten, Brigitte; Schäfer, Jens; Helfer, Malte UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2016)

In the medieval world, the abbey had multiple meanings. On the one hand, it was a place of spiritual life where the abbey community lived, prayed and worked according to the strict ideals of the rule. The ... [more ▼]

In the medieval world, the abbey had multiple meanings. On the one hand, it was a place of spiritual life where the abbey community lived, prayed and worked according to the strict ideals of the rule. The schools, libraries and scriptoriums in which manuscripts were copied and partially decorated, also made it a centre of learning and the spread of knowledge. On the other hand, the abbeys were one of the largest landowners in the Middle Ages and their abbots were not only the superiors of religious communities but also the directors of large economic centres. The endowments for their foundation and donations from royalty or nobility provided the abbeys with considerable property. These assets were by no means a coherent mass in the vicinity of the abbey, but were rather scattered over long distances. The abbeys of Wissembourg and Gorze, through the cartularies that have come down to us, lend themselves to a more precise examination of the abbeys' economy. [less ▲]

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See detailSites du patrimoine mondial de l'UNESCO dans la Grande Région SaarLorLux
Mendgen, Eva; Helfer, Malte UL; Pauly, Michel UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2016)

In 2017, the Greater Region SaarLorLux has no less than twelve sites on the UNESCO World Heritage List. They date from different periods, from prehistory to the beginning of the 20th century, and belong ... [more ▼]

In 2017, the Greater Region SaarLorLux has no less than twelve sites on the UNESCO World Heritage List. They date from different periods, from prehistory to the beginning of the 20th century, and belong to different categories. Architectural and industrial monuments are part of the Greater Region's World Cultural Heritage, as are squares and entire cities, fortifications and cultural landscapes. The World Heritage sites bear witness to the rich European history and are a sign of the Greater Region's exceptional cultural diversity. They are also exceptionally beautiful and picturesque. Each of the World Heritage Sites is related to many other monuments, while providing its own context, history and spatial, cultural and social coordination system. In recent years, global and transnational aspects have gradually led to the listing of ensembles of sites and cultural landscapes. [less ▲]

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See detailCrossbenching Toward Participation as Critical Spatial Practice
Miessen, Markus UL; Avanessian, Armen; Grassegger, Hannes

Book published by Sternberg Press (2016)

With a preface by Armen Avanessian, an introduction by Hannes Grassegger and Markus Miessen, and a postscript by Patricia Reed “At the heart of this book is a simple and profound proposition: to ‘do’ ... [more ▼]

With a preface by Armen Avanessian, an introduction by Hannes Grassegger and Markus Miessen, and a postscript by Patricia Reed “At the heart of this book is a simple and profound proposition: to ‘do’ architecture is to immerse oneself in a conflictual process of material production—participation is not a productive encounter of multiple practitioners and stakeholders, but a set of conflicts, negotiations, maneuvers, and swindles between and within a multiplicity of agents, human and nonhuman alike—equally including architects, clients, financiers, and builders, say, but also silicon, plastic, concrete, each with its conflicting aims and different material means to achieve them. Every building is thus the materialization of such encounter. So, despite the hubris of the field, none of the parties to such an encounter can ultimately control that the result—architecture (unlike real estate), according to Miessen, belongs to no one but affects and is affected by everyone—and this proposition asks that we reframe questions of ethics and politics. They can no longer be the property of an individual but a collective set of interrelations—it is through such profound departure from the terms of architecture that Miessen’s new book demands nothing less than to reimagine how we might finally become citizens.” —Eyal Weizman, Professor of Spatial and Visual Cultures, Director of the Centre for Research Architecture, Goldsmiths, University of London “Miessen’s new book depicts in a challenging and projective manner the problem of politics in times of conceptual indeterminacy, where ‘participation’ of the civil society seems to become the salvation for the political mess we are in, especially in Europe. Well, it is not! ‘Participation’ will not eradicate the Front National, and more transparency will not deprive Orbán of his power. Civil society will not gain power by criticizing or demonstrating loudly against the European system or chatting on the Internet. The populists have understood that if you want power, you need parties. What we risk to lose in that participatory game is representative democracy in its current shape and for no good: the majority of the street is no democracy. The post-structuralist hype for participation fuels into the mills of those who want to play la volonté de tous against la volonté generale, to go back to Rousseau: yet, the plebs killed Socrates in Athens.“ —Ulrike Guerot, political scientist, founder and director, European Democracy Lab, Berlin [less ▲]

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See detailCrossbenching
Miessen, Markus UL; Avanessian, Armen; Reed, Patricia et al

Book published by Merve (2016)

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See detailKoszmar partycypacji + Niezależna praktyka
Miessen, Markus UL

Book published by Bęc Zmiana (2016)

Wezwanie do partycypacji jest lejtmotywem współczesnej myśli politycznej i prywatnej. Partycypacja jest wszędzie – od peryferii po korporacyjne biura. Partycypacja przekształciła politykę i zamieniła ... [more ▼]

Wezwanie do partycypacji jest lejtmotywem współczesnej myśli politycznej i prywatnej. Partycypacja jest wszędzie – od peryferii po korporacyjne biura. Partycypacja przekształciła politykę i zamieniła najpiękniejszy w dziejach wynalazek – sieć ludzi, Internet – we wszechogarniającą, nieznośną machinę domagającą się naszej natychmiastowej uwagi w każdym miejscu i o każdej porze. Partycypuj albo spadaj. Drugie wydanie książki Koszmar partycypacji z 2013 roku zostało poszerzone o esej Niezależna praktyka, w którym Miessen podsumowuje swoje rozważania dotyczące ideologii partycypacji i przedstawia alternatywne modele działania, dla których punkt wyjścia stanowi gotowość jednostki do zaangażowania się i podjęcia prawdziwie politycznych kroków. [less ▲]

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