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See detailTAPHSIR: Towards AnaPHoric Ambiguity Detection and ReSolution In Requirements
Ezzini, Saad UL; Abualhaija, Sallam UL; Arora, Chetan et al

in The ACM Joint European Software Engineering Conference and Symposium on the Foundations of Software Engineering (ESEC/FSE) (in press)

We introduce TAPHSIR -- a tool for anaphoric ambiguity detection and anaphora resolution in requirements. TAPHSIR facilities reviewing the use of pronouns in a requirements specification and revising ... [more ▼]

We introduce TAPHSIR -- a tool for anaphoric ambiguity detection and anaphora resolution in requirements. TAPHSIR facilities reviewing the use of pronouns in a requirements specification and revising those pronouns that can lead to misunderstandings during the development process. To this end, TAPHSIR detects the requirements which have potential anaphoric ambiguity and further attempts interpreting anaphora occurrences automatically. TAPHSIR employs a hybrid solution composed of an ambiguity detection solution based on machine learning and an anaphora resolution solution based on a variant of the BERT language model. Given a requirements specification, TAPHSIR decides for each pronoun occurrence in the specification whether the pronoun is ambiguous or unambiguous, and further provides an automatic interpretation for the pronoun. The output generated by TAPHSIR can be easily reviewed and validated by requirements engineers. TAPHSIR is publicly available on Zenodo (https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5902117). [less ▲]

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See detailTerminal-Aware Multi-Connectivity Scheduler for Uplink Multi-Layer Non-Terrestrial Networks
Dazhi, Michael UL; Al-Hraishawi, Hayder UL; Mysore Rama Rao, Bhavani Shankar UL et al

in IEEE Global Communications Conference (Globecom), Rio de Janeiro 4 - 8 December 2022 (in press)

This paper introduces the concept of multi-connectivity (MC) to the multi-orbit non-terrestrial networks (NTNs), where user terminals can be served by more than one satellite to achieve higher peak ... [more ▼]

This paper introduces the concept of multi-connectivity (MC) to the multi-orbit non-terrestrial networks (NTNs), where user terminals can be served by more than one satellite to achieve higher peak throughput. MC is a technique initially introduced by the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) for terrestrial communications in 4G and 5G, it has shown much gain in the terrestrial domain and this paper explores areas where this concept can benefit the satellite domain. MC can increase throughput, but this entails increased power consumption at user terminal for uplink transmissions. The energy efficiency of uplink communications can be improved by designing efficient scheduling schemes, and to this end, we developed a terminal aware multi-connectivity scheduling algorithm. This proposed algorithm uses the available radio resources and propagation information to intelligently define a dynamic resource allocation pattern, that optimally routes traffic so as to maximize uplink data rate while minimizing the energy consumption at the UT. The algorithm operates with the terminal differentiating multi-layer NTN resource scheduling architecture, which has a softwarized dispatcher at the network layer that classifies and differentiates the packets based on terminal type. The performance of the proposed algorithm was compared with round robin and joint carrier schedulers in terms of uplink data rate and energy efficiency. We also provide architectural design of implementable schedulers for multi-orbital satellite networks that can operate with different classes of terminals. [less ▲]

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See detailB/Orders are (not) everywhere (for everyone): On the multivalence of borders in a flee(t)ing Europe | Zur Multivalenz von Grenzen in einem flüchtigen Europa
Wille, Christian UL; Weber, Florian; Fellner, Astrid

in Borders in Perspective (in press), 8

While the materialities and functionalities of borders have changed drastically in recent decades, the ordering principle of the border persists. At the same time, the selective character of borders is ... [more ▼]

While the materialities and functionalities of borders have changed drastically in recent decades, the ordering principle of the border persists. At the same time, the selective character of borders is emerg-ing with a clarity that has hardly been seen in Europe before. This is the point of departure for the issue papers, which discuss the observation that borders do not have the same significance for all people. For this purpose, the authors work with the concept of multivalence, which assumes that borders have social values or relevances that differ regarding certain groups of people. The thematic issue with case studies of governance, flight, reporting, film, and literature shows multiple valences of borders, which stand for inequalities and refer to powerful cultural orders. [less ▲]

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See detailSchumpeterian entrepreneurial digital identity and funding from venture capital firms
Block, Jörn; Fisch, Christian UL; Diegel, Walter

in Journal of Technology Transfer (in press)

Schumpeterian entrepreneurs are considered agents of innovation and technology transfer. However, to fulfill this role, they need entrepreneurial finance. From the perspective of digital identity, we ... [more ▼]

Schumpeterian entrepreneurs are considered agents of innovation and technology transfer. However, to fulfill this role, they need entrepreneurial finance. From the perspective of digital identity, we examine the relationship between a Schumpeterian digital identity and venture capital (VC) funding. Because the VC industry celebrates innovative and visionary entrepreneurship, we posit that a founder’s digital identity as a Schumpeterian-type entrepreneur influences the venture’s chances of receiving VC funding. A quantitative analysis of the language used by 3313 founders in a large sample of Twitter messages, however, provides a mixed picture. While some dimensions of Schumpeterian entrepreneurship have a positive relationship with the acquisition of resources from VC firms (entrepreneurial vision and optimism), other dimensions seem to have no (uncertainty tolerance and rationality) or even a decreasing (achievement motivation) effect. The negative relationships observed can be explained by the particularities of the VC business model, which does not align with Schumpeterian entrepreneurship in all respects. Our study contributes to research on Schumpeterian entrepreneurship, the financing of technology transfer, and the link between entrepreneurial digital identity and entrepreneurial finance. From a practical perspective, the results of our study demonstrate the limits of VC with regard to the financing of technology transfer and highlight the need for public funding through governmental VC or agencies for (disruptive) innovation. [less ▲]

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See detailDiskurs-Figuren. Wie Politik und Öffentlichkeit über Sprache sprechen
Purschke, Christoph UL

in Pigeron, Isabelle; Poirier, Philippe (Eds.) Vingt années de recherches électorales au Luxembourg (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (2 UL)
See detailNorm und Normativität
Becker, Katrin UL

in Schneck,; Lieb, Claudia; Siebenpfeiffer, Hania (Eds.) Handbuch Literatur und Recht (in press)

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See detailChildren’s perspectives on their learning experiences during the pandemic
Kirsch, Claudine UL

in Journal of Developmental and Adolescent Health (in press)

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See detailThe Fragmentation of International Investment and Tax Dispute Settlement: A Good Idea?
Garcia Olmedo, Javier UL

in Leiden Journal of International Law (in press)

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See detailI Want to Start My Own Business. Can I Ask Our Firm or Family for Help?
Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL

in Jaskiewicz, Peter; Rau, Sabine (Eds.) Enabling Next Generation Legacies”: 35 Questions that Next Generation Members in Enterprising Families Ask (in press)

It is often said that the entrepreneurs of today are the family businesses of tomorrow. This assertion is supported by findings in a Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (2019-20) Report on ‘Family ... [more ▼]

It is often said that the entrepreneurs of today are the family businesses of tomorrow. This assertion is supported by findings in a Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (2019-20) Report on ‘Family Entrepreneurship’ which cites that 75% of respondent entrepreneurs across 48 economies indicate that their family was actively involved in either starting or developing a new business . In spite of this, and the fact that it is becoming more popular for family firms to encourage entrepreneurialism within the younger generation, it is often challenging for Next Gens to ‘carve out’ an entrepreneurial identity for themselves. This is even more so the case if the intention is to pursue new ideas that are not central to the core business and which might disturb long-planned succession strategies, or expectations held by senior family members. Making the decision to get on board the entrepreneur(ship) is an important career decision that has huge implications, not only for the Next Gens who are planning this, but also for current members of the family business who might have to adjust their expectations. [less ▲]

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See detailToward an understanding of the implementation of management innovation in international joint ventures: A multilevel perspective
KORBI, Fadia; Geraudel, Mickaël UL; NAKARA, Walid

in European Management Review (in press)

Implementing management innovation (MI) is a great challenge for international joint ventures (IJVs), specifically for those between multinational enterprises (MNEs) and local firms. Different multilevel ... [more ▼]

Implementing management innovation (MI) is a great challenge for international joint ventures (IJVs), specifically for those between multinational enterprises (MNEs) and local firms. Different multilevel factors have been shown in the international business literature to play a role in MI implementation within IJVs. In this paper, we add to this literature by showing that these factors do not act in isolation and that their interplay must be considered. To this aim, we draw on qualitative data from 35 CEOs and TMT members of five IJVs between European MNEs and Tunisian local firms. Overall, our study reveals that depending on the type of IJV, the multilevel factors playing a role in the implementation of MI are different [less ▲]

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See detailModular organizations and informal structures: Modularity, performance and the alignment of organizational networks
Jonard, Nicolas UL; Cowan, Robin

in Industrial and Corporate Change (in press)

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See detailGegenstand, Entwicklungen und Forschungsfelder der Trans Studies
de Silva, Adrian UL

in Gradinari, Irina (Ed.) (Re-)Visionen: Epistemologien, Ontologien und Methodologien der Geschlechterforschung (in press)

The article introduces the reader to the dynamic and interdisciplinary field of Trans Studies with a focus on the development of the field in Germany. For this purpose, the article addresses socio ... [more ▼]

The article introduces the reader to the dynamic and interdisciplinary field of Trans Studies with a focus on the development of the field in Germany. For this purpose, the article addresses socio-political and theoretical contexts from which Trans Studies emerged, the impact of these intellectual influences as well as the methodological orientation and realization in individual studies, and it contains an overview of central fields of Trans Studies research as they have developed until 2021. [less ▲]

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See detailVon Objekt- und Meta-Ebenen: Analyse der Softwareanforderungen computergestützter juristischer Entscheidungen
Adrian, Axel; Rapp, Max; Steen, Alexander UL

in Recht DIGITAL – 25 Jahre IRIS, Proceedings of the International Legal Informatics Symposium (IRIS 2022) (in press)

Die Interpretation und Anwendung von Gesetzestexten auf einem konkreten Lebenssachverhalt erfordert von menschlichen Experten ein hohes Maß an Wissen, Erfahrung und die Fähigkeit zahlreiche kontextuelle ... [more ▼]

Die Interpretation und Anwendung von Gesetzestexten auf einem konkreten Lebenssachverhalt erfordert von menschlichen Experten ein hohes Maß an Wissen, Erfahrung und die Fähigkeit zahlreiche kontextuelle Überlegungen anzustellen. Die Formalisierung und Automatisierung solch eines Prozesses in einem computergestützten Verfahren muss dies entsprechend reflektieren. Ausgehend von einer Fallstudie werden in dieser Arbeit erforderliche juridische Schritte der Rechtsanwendung identifiziert und verschiedenen Objekt- und Meta-Ebenen zugeordnet. Diese Zuordnung erlaubt eine abstrakte Analyse von Softwareanforderungen, die juristische Assistenzsysteme erfüllen müssen, um bei juristischen Fallentscheidungen unterstützen zu können. [less ▲]

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See detailMarital Patterns and Income Inequality
Dupuy, Arnaud UL; Weber, Simon

in Economica (in press)

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See detailPerceptual approaches to the study of German
Purschke, Christoph UL

in Bousquette, Joshua; Pickl, Simon (Eds.) The Oxford Handbook of the German Language (in press)

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See detailA Note on the Estimation of Job Amenities and Labor Productivity
Dupuy, Arnaud UL; Galichon, Alfred

in Quantitative Economics (in press)

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See detailLife Satisfaction and the Human Development Index Across the World
Yin, Remi UL; Lepinteur, Anthony UL; Clark, Andrew et al

in Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology (in press)

We use annual data on over 150 countries between 2005 and 2018 to look at the relationship between subjective well-being (both cognitive and affective) and the Human Development Index (HDI). The HDI ... [more ▼]

We use annual data on over 150 countries between 2005 and 2018 to look at the relationship between subjective well-being (both cognitive and affective) and the Human Development Index (HDI). The HDI appears to be more closely related to cognitive than affective well-being. We also consider the relationships between the three HDI components (the Income, Health and Education Indices) and well-being, and find that, on average, the Income Index has the strongest predictive power. Importantly, we find that the three HDI components only matter equally in Western and rich countries. Our analysis contributes to the discussion about cultural sensitivity in paradigms of societal development in two ways. We first show that differences in preferences towards development aims exist. Second, we propose a weighting procedure for a culturally-sensitive version of the HDI. [less ▲]

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See detailWell-being and working from home during COVID-19
Schifano, Sonia UL; Clark, Andrew; Greiff, Samuel UL et al

in Information Technology and People (in press)

Purpose – The authors track the well-being of individuals across five European countries during the course of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and relate their well-being to working from ... [more ▼]

Purpose – The authors track the well-being of individuals across five European countries during the course of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and relate their well-being to working from home. The authors also consider the role of pandemic-policy stringency in affecting well-being in Europe. Design/methodology/approach – The authors have four waves of novel harmonised longitudinal data in France, Italy, Germany, Spain and Sweden, covering the period May–November 2020. Well-being is measured in five dimensions: life satisfaction, a worthwhile life, loneliness, depression and anxiety. A retrospective diary indicates whether the individual was working in each month since February 2020 and if so whether at home or not at home. Policy stringency is matched in per country at the daily level. The authors consider both cross- section and panel regressions and the mediating and moderating effects of control variables, including household variables and income. Findings – Well-being among workers is lower for those who work from home, and those who are not working have the lowest well-being of all. The panel results are more mitigated, with switching into working at home yielding a small drop in anxiety. The panel and cross-section difference could reflect adaptation or the selection of certain types of individuals into working at home. Policy stringency is always negatively correlated with well-being. The authors find no mediation effects. The well-being penalty from working at home is larger for the older, the better-educated, those with young children and those with more crowded housing. Originality/value – The harmonised cross-country panel data on individuals’ experiences during COVID-19 are novel. The authors relate working from home and policy stringency to multiple well-being measures. The authors emphasise the effect of working from home on not only the level of well-being but also its distribution. [less ▲]

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See detailModeling Data Protection and Privacy: Application and Experience with GDPR
Torre, Damiano UL; Alferez, Mauricio UL; Soltana, Ghanem UL et al

in Software and Systems Modeling (in press)

In Europe and indeed worldwide, the Gen- eral Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) provides pro- tection to individuals regarding their personal data in the face of new technological developments. GDPR is ... [more ▼]

In Europe and indeed worldwide, the Gen- eral Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) provides pro- tection to individuals regarding their personal data in the face of new technological developments. GDPR is widely viewed as the benchmark for data protection and privacy regulations that harmonizes data privacy laws across Europe. Although the GDPR is highly ben- e cial to individuals, it presents signi cant challenges for organizations monitoring or storing personal infor- mation. Since there is currently no automated solution with broad industrial applicability, organizations have no choice but to carry out expensive manual audits to ensure GDPR compliance. In this paper, we present a complete GDPR UML model as a rst step towards de- signing automated methods for checking GDPR compli- ance. Given that the practical application of the GDPR is infuenced by national laws of the EU Member States,we suggest a two-tiered description of the GDPR, generic and specialized. In this paper, we provide (1) the GDPR conceptual model we developed with complete trace- ability from its classes to the GDPR, (2) a glossary to help understand the model, (3) the plain-English de- scription of 35 compliance rules derived from GDPR along with their encoding in OCL, and (4) the set of 20 variations points derived from GDPR to specialize the generic model. We further present the challenges we faced in our modeling endeavor, the lessons we learned from it, and future directions for research. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 97 (13 UL)