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See detailBanlieues to the suburbs:language education and linguistic gentrification
Tebaldi, Catherine UL

in Anthropology and Education Quarterly (2020)

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See detailControls in the case of the EU civil aviation safety rules
Mustert, Lisette UL; Scholten, Miroslava

in Scholten, Miroslava; Brenninkmeijer, Alex (Eds.) Controlling EU Agencies: The Rule of Law in a Multi-Jurisdictional Legal Order (2020)

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See detailThe European Committee of the Regions as a watchdog of the principle of subsidiarity
Nicolosi, Salvatore Fabio; Mustert, Lisette UL

in Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law (2020), 27(3),

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See detailRadical entanglement for elliptic curves
Tronto, Sebastiano UL

E-print/Working paper (2020)

Let G be a commutative connected algebraic group over a number field K, let A be a finitely generated and torsion-free subgroup of G(K) of rank r>0 and, for n>1, let K(n^{−1}A) be the smallest extension ... [more ▼]

Let G be a commutative connected algebraic group over a number field K, let A be a finitely generated and torsion-free subgroup of G(K) of rank r>0 and, for n>1, let K(n^{−1}A) be the smallest extension of K inside an algebraic closure K¯ over which all the points P∈G(K¯) such that nP∈A are defined. We denote by s the unique non-negative integer such that G(K¯)[n]≅(Z/nZ)s for all n≥1. We prove that, under certain conditions, the ratio between nrs and the degree [K(n^{−1}A):K(G[n])] is bounded independently of n>1 by a constant that depends only on the ℓ-adic Galois representations associated with G and on some arithmetic properties of A as a subgroup of G(K) modulo torsion. In particular we extend the main theorems of [13] about elliptic curves to the case of arbitrary rank [less ▲]

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See detailShortcuts to Adiabaticity in Driven Open Quantum Systems: Balanced Gain and Loss and Non-Markovian Evolution
Alipour, Sahar; Chenu, Aurélia UL; Rezahkani, Ali et al

in Quantum (2020), 4

A universal scheme is introduced to speed up the dynamics of a driven open quantum system along a prescribed trajectory of interest. This framework generalizes counterdiabatic driving to open quantum ... [more ▼]

A universal scheme is introduced to speed up the dynamics of a driven open quantum system along a prescribed trajectory of interest. This framework generalizes counterdiabatic driving to open quantum processes. Shortcuts to adiabaticity designed in this fashion can be implemented in two alternative physical scenarios: one characterized by the pres- ence of balanced gain and loss, the other involves non-Markovian dynamics with time-dependent Lindblad operators. As an illustration, we engineer superadiabatic cooling, heating, and isothermal strokes for a two-level system, and provide a pro- tocol for the fast thermalization of a quantum oscillator. [less ▲]

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See detailSuperadiabatic thermalization of a quantum oscillator by engineered dephasing
Dupays, Léonce UL; Egusquiza, Inigo; Del Campo Echevarria, Adolfo UL et al

in Physical Review Research (2020), 2

Fast nonadiabatic control protocols known as shortcuts to adiabaticity have found a plethora of applications, but their use has been severely limited to speeding up the dynamics of isolated quantum ... [more ▼]

Fast nonadiabatic control protocols known as shortcuts to adiabaticity have found a plethora of applications, but their use has been severely limited to speeding up the dynamics of isolated quantum systems. We introduce shortcuts for open quantum processes that make possible the fast control of Gaussian states in nonunitary processes. Specifically, we provide the time modulation of the trap frequency and dephasing strength that allow preparing an arbitrary thermal state in a finite time. Experimental implementation can be done via stochastic parametric driving or continuous measurements, readily accessible in a variety of platforms. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of the Energy-Transfer Rates in Structural and Spectral Variants of the B800–850 Complex from Purple Bacteria
Tong, Ashley; Fiebig, Olivia; Nairat, M. et al

in Journal of Physical Chemistry B (2020), 124

Photosynthetic light harvesting can occur with a remarkable near-unity quantum efficiency. The B800–850 complex, also known as light-harvesting complex 2 (LH2), is the primary light-harvesting complex in ... [more ▼]

Photosynthetic light harvesting can occur with a remarkable near-unity quantum efficiency. The B800–850 complex, also known as light-harvesting complex 2 (LH2), is the primary light-harvesting complex in purple bacteria and has been extensively studied as a model system. The bacteriochlorophylls of the B800–850 complex are organized into two concentric rings, known as the B800 and B850 rings. However, depending on the species and growth conditions, the number of constituent subunits, the pigment geometry, and the absorption energies vary. While the dynamics of some B800–850 variants have been exhaustively characterized, others have not been measured. Furthermore, a direct and simultaneous comparison of how both structural and spectral differences between variants affect these dynamics has not been performed. In this work, we utilize ultrafast transient absorption measurements to compare the B800 to B850 energy-transfer rates in the B800–850 complex as a function of the number of subunits, geometry, and absorption energies. The nonameric B800–850 complex from Rhodobacter (Rb.) sphaeroides is 40% faster than the octameric B800–850 complex from Rhodospirillum (Rs.) molischianum, consistent with structure-based predictions. In contrast, the blue-shifted B800–820 complex from Rs. molischianum is only 20% faster than the B800–850 complex from Rs. molischianum despite an increase in the spectral overlap between the rings that would be expected to produce a larger increase in the energy-transfer rate. These measurements support current models that contain dark, higher-lying excitonic states to bridge the energy gap between rings, thereby maintaining similar energy-transfer dynamics. Overall, these results demonstrate that energy-transfer dynamics in the B800–850 complex are robust to the spectral and structural variations between species used to optimize energy capture and flow in purple bacteria. [less ▲]

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See detailLe polémiste au miroir de la polémique : mot d'introduction
Saintes, Laetitia UL

in Les Lettres Romanes (2020), 74(1-2), 3-5

Introduction au dossier "Le polémiste au miroir de la polémique", paru dans Les Lettres romanes, vol.74, 1-2, 2020.

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See detail« Au défaut de l’artillerie perdue, on tire aujourd’hui à coups de gazettes. » Les écrits polémiques d’Auguste Schlegel
Saintes, Laetitia UL

in Cahiers Staëliens (2020), 70

Entre 1813 et 1814, Schlegel produit plusieurs écrits polémiques destinés à faire entendre son opposition à l’Empire, mais aussi à plaider la cause de Bernadotte, Prince Royal de Suède, à l’échelle ... [more ▼]

Entre 1813 et 1814, Schlegel produit plusieurs écrits polémiques destinés à faire entendre son opposition à l’Empire, mais aussi à plaider la cause de Bernadotte, Prince Royal de Suède, à l’échelle européenne. C’est à l’étude de ces écrits polémiques qui défendent et illustrent les principes libéraux qui irriguent la pensée de Coppet que cet article sera consacré. [less ▲]

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See detailÉcrire « au bruit du canon ». Chateaubriand, héros-pamphlétaire de « De Buonaparte et des Bourbons »
Saintes, Laetitia UL

in Glaudes, Pierre; Bercegol, Fabienne; Roulin, Jean-Marie (Eds.) Chateaubriand, nouvelles perspectives critiques (2020)

Dans sa préface de 1826 au Génie du christianisme dans les Œuvres complètes, Chateaubriand prend le parti de résumer toute sa vie comme un « combat […] contre les hommes qui abusaient du pouvoir pour ... [more ▼]

Dans sa préface de 1826 au Génie du christianisme dans les Œuvres complètes, Chateaubriand prend le parti de résumer toute sa vie comme un « combat […] contre les hommes qui abusaient du pouvoir pour corrompre ou pour enchaîner les peuples ». Ce combat se donne à lire de manière magistrale à travers ses pamphlets, et particulièrement dans De Buonaparte et des Bourbons (1814), publié quelques jours avant l’abdication de l’Empereur. Pleinement en prise avec son temps et les questionnements qui lui sont propres dans ce pamphlet qui marque, de son propre aveu, son entrée en politique, Chateaubriand n’en doit pas moins justifier son ingérence, en tant qu’homme de lettres, dans les affaires publiques. C’est à cette fin qu’il met en place une scénographie auctoriale propre à légitimer sa position nouvelle, et impliquant notamment un réinvestissement de l’Histoire mené selon des procédés discursifs singuliers, indices d’un rapport à la temporalité caractéristique d’un auteur qui, plus que tout autre, fut son temps. Quelles sont les modalités esthétiques et poétiques de la scénographie ainsi mise en place ? Comment Chateaubriand instrumentalise-t-il l’Histoire pour appuyer son propos politique, et de quelle façon cela se traduit-il sur le plan esthétique ? Quel est, enfin, l’ethos qui émane du pamphlet ? C’est ce que nous nous appliquerons à déterminer au départ de De Buonaparte et des Bourbons, que l’on comparera à De l’État de la France au mois de mars et au mois d’octobre 1814, pamphlet publié anonymement par Chateaubriand, afin d’attester la continuité et l’originalité des modalités de la posture auctoriale, résolument moderne, du Chateaubriand pamphlétaire. Nous examinerons enfin la réception de la scénographie auctoriale propre au pamphlet au regard de deux écrits parus en réponse à De Buonaparte et des Bourbons, à savoir la Réponse à l’ouvrage de M. de Chateaubriand intitulé « De Buonaparte et des Bourbons » (1814) de Philippe Lesbroussart-Dewaele et les Rêveries de M. de Chateaubriant, ou Examen critique d'un libelle intitulé : « De Buonaparte et des Bourbons » (1815), de Charles-Joseph Bail – écrits révélateurs, par leur publication même, de la résonance, dans le discours politique du temps, du pamphlet et de la figure auctoriale qu’il convoque. [less ▲]

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See detailPolémique et bataille du genre. La réception des "Considérations sur la Révolution française" de Germaine de Staël
Saintes, Laetitia UL

in Frances, Cyril (Ed.) Le Politique et le Féminin - Les femmes de pouvoir dans les Mémoires d’Ancien Régime (2020)

Si Germaine de Staël est généralement considérée comme l’un des écrivains les plus célèbres de la période révolutionnaire et impériale, le versant politique et historique de son œuvre n’en est pas moins ... [more ▼]

Si Germaine de Staël est généralement considérée comme l’un des écrivains les plus célèbres de la période révolutionnaire et impériale, le versant politique et historique de son œuvre n’en est pas moins méconnu – la critique tendant à privilégier sa production romanesque, et l’histoire ne s’occupant guère, ou à peine, de l’auteure. Cela ne fut pas le cas, toutefois, de la part de ses contemporains, tant l’œuvre staëlienne, politique ou romanesque, a souvent fait l’objet d’une réception pour le moins polémique ; le cas des Considérations sur la Révolution française, ouvrage publié à titre posthume en 1818 et dont les soixante mille exemplaires furent écoulés en quelques jours à peine, est à cet égard exemplaire. Outre les comptes-rendus parus dans la presse périodique, les Considérations sont l’objet, fait remarquable, de trois ouvrages majeurs de critique ou de réfutation, rédigés et/ou publiés en 1818. Le préjugé misogyne qui les irrigue traverse toutefois l’ensemble de la réception des Considérations, témoignant en filigrane de la vision de toute une époque quant à la place des femmes dans l’histoire – à leur légitimité à en témoigner, à l’écrire selon certaines modalités. Car endosser le rôle de l’historienne revêt une ambition tout autre que celle qui consisterait à écrire l’histoire en romancière ou en mémorialiste : historienne, la femme qui prend la plume s’arroge le rôle de sujet dans une histoire – celle de la Révolution, qui plus est – que chaque camp tente de récupérer à son profit. Le présent article s’emploie à observer comment de part et d’autre, du côté de Staël comme de celui de ses détracteurs, l’attente genrée concernant la prise de parole d’une femme dans l’espace public, et a fortiori sur une matière politique, et dans un texte voulu comme historique, détermine l’occasion polémique : que ce soit du côté de la femme auteur, en ce qu’elle prévoit les résistances et adapte son discours pour les déjouer, ou du côté des lecteurs, qui prétendent ne pas céder et voient partout des pièges de séduction. [less ▲]

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See detailIst die Luxemburgistik eine Nationalphilologie? Eine kurze Wissenschaftsgeschichte des Luxemburgischen
Gilles, Peter UL

in Zeitschrift für Deutsche Philologie (2020), 139

Schon im Jahre 2004 führte Claudine Moulin aus: „Unter vielen Gesichtspunkten kann man heute behaupten, dass es nicht übertrieben ist, von einem eigenständigen Fach, der luxemburgischen Philologie, zu ... [more ▼]

Schon im Jahre 2004 führte Claudine Moulin aus: „Unter vielen Gesichtspunkten kann man heute behaupten, dass es nicht übertrieben ist, von einem eigenständigen Fach, der luxemburgischen Philologie, zu reden.“ Um die Genese dieser wissenschaftlichen Disziplin, um ihr Forschungsfeld, ihre Akteure und Institutionen in ihren jeweiligen gesellschafts- und wissenschaftshistorischen Einbettungen soll es im Folgenden gehen. Zunächst soll ein komprimierter Abriss über den Wandel der Existenzform des Luxemburgischen aus einem moselfränkischen Dialekt hin zu einer germanischen Einzel- und Nationalsprache gegeben werden. Danach folgt eine erste wissenschaftshistorische Darstellung der Beschäftigung mit dem Luxemburgischen als Studienobjekt einer Sprachwissenschaft. Beginnend im 19. Jh., lassen sich hier m.E. drei wissenschaftshistorische Phasen annehmen, die sich in Zielsetzung, Professionalisierung und Institutionalisierung unterscheiden und immer in Relation zur linguistischen und soziolinguistischen Entwicklung der Varietät ‚Luxemburgisch‘ betrachtet werden müssen. Abschließend sollen diese wissenschaftshistorischen Etappen in Bezug auf das Konzept einer Nationalphilologie diskutiert werden. Die folgende Darstellung fokussiert fast ausschließlich auf die Sprachwissenschaft. Diese müsste selbstverständlich um eine analoge Untersuchung zur Literaturwissenschaft ergänzt werden. [less ▲]

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See detail'Responsible innovators or ideation brokers': an analysis of the political and moral work of technology-based anti-slavery organizations
Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL

Scientific Conference (2020)

The topic of anti-slavery is not a common subject of research in organization studies and there is limited attention to how managers, founders and entrepreneurs who are active in this organizational field ... [more ▼]

The topic of anti-slavery is not a common subject of research in organization studies and there is limited attention to how managers, founders and entrepreneurs who are active in this organizational field, use digital technologies to tackle the problems of modern slavery. In this study, the analysis centres on how technology-based anti-slavery organizations ‘take on’ and distribute discourses about human rights and the indignity of unfree labour in their business models and solutions. Specifically, the study examines how ‘discursive spaces’ are constructed as anti-slavery organizations reach out to certain target groups to disrupt the market conditions that enables enslavement or trafficking to persist. The findings show how discursive spaces embody normative values and rhetorics concerning human rights and unfree labour - values and rhetorics which lead to the creation of contradictory repertoires related to sustainability, transparency, solidarity and responsibility. [less ▲]

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See detailProceedings of the AI4Health Lecture Series (2020)
Schommer, Christoph UL; Sauter, Thomas UL; Pang, Jun UL et al

Scientific Conference (2020)

The research field between Artificial Intelligence and Health sciences has established itself as a central research direction in recent years and has also further increased social interest. On the one ... [more ▼]

The research field between Artificial Intelligence and Health sciences has established itself as a central research direction in recent years and has also further increased social interest. On the one hand, this is due to the emergence of medical mass data and their use for AI-related fields, such as machine learning, human-computer interfaces and natural language-processing systems, and on the other hand, it is also due to the steadily growing social interest, which is not determined by the current Covid 19 pandemic. To this end, the lecture series is intended to provide an opportunity for scientific exchange. [less ▲]

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See detailPlanungskulturelle Vielfalt in Grenzräumen – Theoretische und methodische Ansätze zur grenzüberschreitenden Raumplanung
Caesar, Beate; Evrard, Estelle UL

in Weber, Florian; Wille, Christian; Caesar, Beate (Eds.) et al Geographien der Grenzen: Räume – Ordnungen – Verflechtungen (2020)

Traditionell endet Raumplanung an nationalen Grenzen, da die Zuständigkeiten von Planer*innen an administrative Einheiten gebunden sind. In der Raumplanung als Disziplin geht es jedoch originär sehr stark ... [more ▼]

Traditionell endet Raumplanung an nationalen Grenzen, da die Zuständigkeiten von Planer*innen an administrative Einheiten gebunden sind. In der Raumplanung als Disziplin geht es jedoch originär sehr stark um räumliche Kontinuität. Aktuell werden in einigen Grenzregionen wie z. B. dem deutsch-polnischen Grenzraum sowie in der Großregion SaarLorLux+ grenzüberschreitende Raumplanungsstrategien entwickelt und somit Grenzen gewissermaßen überschritten. In der Forschung wird grenzüberschreitende Raumplanung zwar thematisiert, jedoch liegt der Fokus meist auf dem Vergleich der verschiedenen, an der Grenze aufeinandertreffenden formellen Planungssysteme. Theoretische und empirische Ansätze, die mehr als die formellen Eigenschaften betrachten und somit Herausforderungen, die in der grenzüberschreitenden Raumplanung auftreten, umfassend erklären könnten, fehlen weitestgehend. Der Beitrag betrachtet grenzüberschreitende Raumplanung aus organisationstheoretischer und planungskulturtheoretischer Sicht, stellt Hypothesen zu planungskulturellen Unterschieden und organisationstheoretischen Prozessen beim grenzüberschreitenden Planen an und präsentiert einen methodischen Ansatz – ein selbstentwickeltes Planspiel –, um diese zu überprüfen. Damit liefert er theoretische und methodische Perspektiven zur Untersuchung grenzüberschreitender Raumplanung. Zusammenfassend legt der Beitrag nahe, dass Planungskulturen bei grenzüberschreitender Planung eine entscheidende Rolle spielen und die grenzüberschreitende Raumplanung eine Form des ‚Grenzgeographiemachens‘ ist, die unterschiedliche Planungskulturen koordiniert und somit die Geographien von Grenzen prägt. [less ▲]

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See detailReal-Time Systems Development with RTEMS and Multicore Processors
Bloom, Gedare; Sherrill, Joel; Hu, Tingting UL et al

Book published by CRC Press - 1st ed. (2020)

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See detailRobust synchronization of heterogeneous robot swarms on the sphere
Markdahl, Johan UL; Proverbio, Daniele UL; Goncalves, Jorge UL

in 2020 59th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (CDC) (2020)

Synchronization on the sphere is important to certain control applications in swarm robotics. Of recent interest is the Lohe model, which generalizes the Kuramoto model from the circle to the sphere. The ... [more ▼]

Synchronization on the sphere is important to certain control applications in swarm robotics. Of recent interest is the Lohe model, which generalizes the Kuramoto model from the circle to the sphere. The Lohe model is mainly studied in mathematical physics as a toy model of quantum synchronization. The model makes few assumptions, wherefore it is well-suited to represent a swarm. Previous work on this model has focused on the cases of complete and acyclic networks or the homogeneous case where all oscillator frequencies are equal. This paper concerns the case of heterogeneous oscillators connected by a non-trivial network. We show that any undesired equilibrium is exponentially unstable if the frequencies satisfy a given bound. This property can also be interpreted as a robustness result for small model perturbations of the homogeneous case with zero frequencies. As such, the Lohe model is a good choice for control applications in swarm robotics. [less ▲]

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See detailA holistic view on sector coupling
Fridgen, Gilbert UL; Keller, Robert; Körner, Marc-Fabian et al

in Energy Policy (2020), 147

Sector coupling (SC) describes the concept of a purposeful connection and interaction of energy sectors to increase the flexibility of supply, demand, and storing. While SC is linked to research on smart ... [more ▼]

Sector coupling (SC) describes the concept of a purposeful connection and interaction of energy sectors to increase the flexibility of supply, demand, and storing. While SC is linked to research on smart energy system and locates itself in the research stream of 100% renewable energy systems, it currently focusses on counteracting challenges of temporal energy balancing induced by the intermittent feed-in of renewable energy sources. As regarding the coupling of grids, SC currently remains within classical energy grids. It does not exploit the coupled sectors’ potential to its full extent and, hence, lacks a holistic view. To include this view, we call on the use of all grids from coupled sectors for spatial energy transportation, resulting in an infrastructural system. By using the different loss structures of coupled grids, we illustrate how a holistic view on SC minimizes transportation losses. We argue that SC should include all grids that transport whichever type of energy (e.g., even transportation or communication grids). Ultimately, we derive and discuss implications relevant for policy makers and research: We illustrate why regulation and market design should be aligned in a way that the resulting incentives within and across the different sectors support climate change goals. [less ▲]

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See detailMeasuring spontaneous and automatic processing of magnitude and parity information of Arabic digits by frequency-tagging EEG.
Guillaume, Mathieu; Poncin, Alexandre; Schiltz, Christine UL et al

in Scientific reports (2020), 10(1), 22254

Arabic digits (1-9) are everywhere in our daily lives. These symbols convey various semantic information, and numerate adults can easily extract from them several numerical features such as magnitude and ... [more ▼]

Arabic digits (1-9) are everywhere in our daily lives. These symbols convey various semantic information, and numerate adults can easily extract from them several numerical features such as magnitude and parity. Nonetheless, since most studies used active processing tasks to assess these properties, it remains unclear whether and to what degree the access to magnitude and especially to parity is automatic. Here we investigated with EEG whether spontaneous processing of magnitude or parity can be recorded in a frequency-tagging approach, in which participants are passively stimulated by fast visual sequences of Arabic digits. We assessed automatic magnitude processing by presenting a stream of frequent small digit numbers mixed with deviant large digits (and the reverse) with a sinusoidal contrast modulation at the frequency of 10 Hz. We used the same paradigm to investigate numerical parity processing, contrasting odd digits to even digits. We found significant brain responses at the frequency of the fluctuating change and its harmonics, recorded on electrodes encompassing right occipitoparietal regions, in both conditions. Our findings indicate that both magnitude and parity are spontaneously and unintentionally extracted from Arabic digits, which supports that they are salient semantic features deeply associated to digit symbols in long-term memory. [less ▲]

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See detailDemand response through automated air conditioning in commercial buildings—a data-driven approach
Drasch, Benedict J.; Fridgen, Gilbert UL; Häfner, Lukas

in Business Research (2020), 13(3), 1491--1525

Building operation faces great challenges in electricity cost control as prices on electricity markets become increasingly volatile. Simultaneously, building operators could nowadays be empowered with ... [more ▼]

Building operation faces great challenges in electricity cost control as prices on electricity markets become increasingly volatile. Simultaneously, building operators could nowadays be empowered with information and communication technology that dynamically integrates relevant information sources, predicts future electricity prices and demand, and uses smart control to enable electricity cost savings. In particular, data-driven decision support systems would allow the utilization of temporal flexibilities in electricity consumption by shifting load to times of lower electricity prices. To contribute to this development, we propose a simple, general, and forward-looking demand response (DR) approach that can be part of future data-driven decision support systems in the domain of building electricity management. For the special use case of building air conditioning systems, our DR approach decides in periodic increments whether to exercise air conditioning in regard to future electricity prices and demand. The decision is made based on an ex-ante estimation by comparing the total expected electricity costs for all possible activation periods. For the prediction of future electricity prices, we draw on existing work and refine a prediction method for our purpose. To determine future electricity demand, we analyze historical data and derive data-driven dependencies. We embed the DR approach into a four-step framework and demonstrate its validity, utility and quality within an evaluation using real-world data from two public buildings in the US. Thereby, we address a real-world business case and find significant cost savings potential when using our DR approach. [less ▲]

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