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See detailEntrepreneurial personalities in political leadership
Obschonka, Martin; Fisch, Christian UL

in Small Business Economics (2018), 50(4), 851-869

Societies around the globe respond to the contemporary technological and economic change by defining entrepreneurship and innovation as core principles for future competitive advantage. Does this rise of ... [more ▼]

Societies around the globe respond to the contemporary technological and economic change by defining entrepreneurship and innovation as core principles for future competitive advantage. Does this rise of the Bentrepreneurial society also imply that entrepreneurial personalities are becoming increasingly widespread and powerful in political leadership? Joseph A. Schumpeter already argued that highly influential entrepreneurs are unique and show a certain personality pattern that can be described as being not only high in creativity and change orientation but also high in competitiveness and rule-breaking. It is interesting to ask whether such Schumpeterian personalities indeed play an increasingly important role in political leadership, given that daily routines of policy leaders, at least at first glance, usually require rather non-entrepreneurial strategies such as careful, risk-averse diplomacy. To address this question, we first survey the existing literature on personality and political leadership.We further present a novel personality analysis of an influential business leader that recently made a transition to political leadership: Donald J. Trump, the incumbent US president. Employing a language-based, computerized method of analyzing Twitter statements, we compare his online personality to the online personality of other influential entrepreneurs and business managers, who do not engage in political leadership. The results indicate that Trump is indeed distinct in that he shows stronger features of a Schumpeterian personality. However, he is also comparatively high in Neuroticism. We discuss these findings focusing on the potential implications of a concentration of entrepreneurial mindsets in political leadership. [less ▲]

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See detailNewsletter des Forschungsprojekts MuliPEC
Kirsch, Claudine UL; Mortini, Simone; Andersen, Katja Natalie UL et al

Learning material (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (0 UL)
See detailimpresso. Mining 200 years of historical newspapers
During, Marten UL

Conference given outside the academic context (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (0 UL)
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See detailSecond issue
During, Marten UL; Rollinger, Christian; Stark, Martin et al

in Journal of Historical Network Research (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 72 (0 UL)
See detailWhite Collar Crime. A Comparative Perspective
Ligeti, Katalin UL; Tosza, Stanislaw UL

Book published by Hart Publishing (2018)

White collar crime has expanded significantly over the course of the past two decades. Yet, not only as the amount of national and international legislation in the field grown, but it has also endured ... [more ▼]

White collar crime has expanded significantly over the course of the past two decades. Yet, not only as the amount of national and international legislation in the field grown, but it has also endured changes driving it away from the classic criminal law. These trends have been reflected in changes to national legislation, not infrequently prompted by supranational law, for example, in the financial or the environmental sector. New punishing regimes have emerged, such as UN blacklisting, smart sanctions, civil asset forfeiture, financial supervisory powers, compliance law, and anti-money laundering laws. Furthermore, the role of administrative sanctioning law has been growing as well as the role of private actors in the enforcement of punitive sanctions. The aim of this volume is to examine how various national criminal justice systems across Europe deal with the aforementioned challenges. In the first part, it takes a closer look at the following national systems: France, Germany, Poland and Sweden. Furthermore, it compares the European approach with the American one as a source of inspiration for unresolved difficulties and future developments. Further still, the authors explore those challenging issues regarding the field of economic and financial crime, including the Senior Managers Regime, corporate criminal liability, and whistle-blowers' protection. Timely and pertinent, this is an important new work in a fast-moving field. [less ▲]

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See detailChallenges and Trends in Enforcing Economic and Financial Crime: Criminal Law and Alternatives in Europe and the US
Ligeti, Katalin UL; Tosza, Stanislaw UL

in Ligeti, Katalin; Tosza, Stanislaw (Eds.) White Collar Crime. A Comparative Perspective (2018)

This chapter by Katalin Ligeti and Stanislaw Tosza provides a synthesis of the main findings of the book edited by the two authors (White Collar Crime. A Comparative Perspective, Hart Publishing, 2018 ... [more ▼]

This chapter by Katalin Ligeti and Stanislaw Tosza provides a synthesis of the main findings of the book edited by the two authors (White Collar Crime. A Comparative Perspective, Hart Publishing, 2018). The chapter first presents the challenges in investigating and prosecuting economic and financial crime (section II). The analysis of four national systems (France, Poland, Sweden, and the US) complemented by the information provided in the transversal chapters led to the identification of four major tendencies in the field in response to these challenges (section III): the swinging of enforcement strategies between prosecuting individuals or/and corporations (section III.A); the extension of punitive sanctions and the use of compliance programmes as punishment (section III.B); the extensive use of alternatives to criminal proceedings (section III.C); and the increased role of private actors in controlling economic and financial crime (section III.D). In section 4, these responses are scrutinised from the perspective of the human rights regime. [less ▲]

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See detailSharing Physical Objects Using Smart Contracts
Fedosov, Anton; Bexheti, Agon; Ermolaev, Egor UL et al

in Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction with Mobile Devices and Services Adjunct (2018)

Networked digital sharing economy services enable the effective and efficient sharing of vehicles, housing, and everyday objects. However, contemporary online sharing platforms face several challenges ... [more ▼]

Networked digital sharing economy services enable the effective and efficient sharing of vehicles, housing, and everyday objects. However, contemporary online sharing platforms face several challenges related to the establishment of trust among peers, as well difficulties to deal with the growing number of intermediaries (e.g., payment, insurance) needed to ensure an adequate service delivery. We designed and developed "Just Share It" (JSI), an interactive system that enables the sharing of personal physical possessions (e.g., power tools, toys, sports gear) by directly connecting lenders and borrowers, as peers, through mobile technology. The JSI system utilizes a blockchain ledger and smart contracting technologies to improve peer trust and limit the number of required intermediaries, respectively. In this submission, we briefly review emergent challenges in this space, describe the JSI prototype system and its trust model, and reflect on future architectural opportunities for an eventual "in the wild" deployment. [less ▲]

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See detailLe découpage administratif de la Grande Région SaarLorLux
Helfer, Malte UL; Pauly, Michel UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2018)

The administrative division of the Greater Region (2008: 65,398 km², 11.4 million inhabitants) is not homogeneous. The different areas of the Grande Région have different statuses: The Grand Duchy of ... [more ▼]

The administrative division of the Greater Region (2008: 65,398 km², 11.4 million inhabitants) is not homogeneous. The different areas of the Grande Région have different statuses: The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is a sovereign state, Wallonia is a region of Belgium, Lorraine was until the end of 2015 one of the 26 regions of France, is from 1.10.2016 part of the new region Grand Est, Rhineland-Palatinate and Saarland are German Länder. The size and number of inhabitants of the municipalities as well as their competences differ significantly from each other, not least because there has been no municipal reform in France, but also because of the different political and economic structures. [less ▲]

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See detailLe développement du trafic ferroviaire dans la Grande Région SaarLorLux
Helfer, Malte UL; Pauly, Michel UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2018)

The first railways are mentioned in connection with the mining of Agricola in 1556. From the end of the 18th century onwards, the first long-distance horse-drawn railways were built, some of which created ... [more ▼]

The first railways are mentioned in connection with the mining of Agricola in 1556. From the end of the 18th century onwards, the first long-distance horse-drawn railways were built, some of which created real networks. The first railway line to use steam locomotives was the Stockton and Darlington Railway, 40 kilometres long, commissioned in 1825 in England. On the continent, the first steam railway line was opened on 5 May 1835 in Belgium, between Brussels and Mechelen, while the line opened in 1831 in France, from Saint-Etienne to Lyon, as well as the one in December 1835 in Germany, between Nürnberg and Fürth, were only rarely used by locomotives, but rather by horse-drawn vehicles. This article deals with the first railway connections in the various regions of the Greater Region SaarLorLux. [less ▲]

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See detailMigrants internationaux et migration dans la Grande Région SaarLorLux
Nienaber, Birte UL; Roos, Ursula; Helfer, Malte UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2018)

With regard to demographic change and the decline in birth rates in some parts of the Greater Region SaarLorLux, migration has become increasingly significant in recent years. The population growth ... [more ▼]

With regard to demographic change and the decline in birth rates in some parts of the Greater Region SaarLorLux, migration has become increasingly significant in recent years. The population growth currently observed in the Greater Region is also primarily due to significant gains in migration. Between 1990 and 2006, net immigration to the Greater Region amounted to 558,500 persons, although migration influenced population development to varying degrees in the individual sub-regions. [less ▲]

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See detailL’industrie textile dans la Grande Région SaarLorLux
Edelblutte, Simon; Helfer, Malte UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2018)

The textile industry has had a long time to transform the industrial landscape of the Greater Region SaarLorLux, as it is one of the earliest industrialised economic activities. Often born on a proto ... [more ▼]

The textile industry has had a long time to transform the industrial landscape of the Greater Region SaarLorLux, as it is one of the earliest industrialised economic activities. Often born on a proto-industrial basis, it was mechanised very early on in most of its branches (from spinning to weaving, dyeing, bleaching and printing to clothing) and thus formed, sometimes, vast industrial concentrations, which imposed themselves alongside more modest establishments. However, this pioneering industry is now often presented in Europe as an activity of the past, the bulk of which has been relocated to low labour cost countries in the South. [less ▲]

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See detailOn LQG control of stochastic port-Hamiltonian systems on infinite-dimensional spaces
Lamoline, François UL; Winkin, Joseph

in 23rd International Symposium on Mathematical Theory of Networks and Systems (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 63 (5 UL)
See detailPerhaps It Is High Time for a Xeno-architecture to Match
Avanessian, Armen; Bauwens, Lietje; De Raeve, Wouter et al

Book published by Sternberg Press (2018)

“Xeno” speaks to the turn away from “what is” toward “what could be”: the (as yet) unknown, the alien—having been employed in recent years through such speculative-political approaches as xenofeminism and ... [more ▼]

“Xeno” speaks to the turn away from “what is” toward “what could be”: the (as yet) unknown, the alien—having been employed in recent years through such speculative-political approaches as xenofeminism and xenopoetics. Perhaps It Is Time for a Xeno-architecture to Match documents a conversation series from January to March 2017 that explored what an intervention of the xeno might bring to bear on contemporary and future (infra)structure. This book aims to unpack the prefix, probing what it entails—not merely rhetorically but also as a means of practice, in an attempt to bring the ideas it contains more concretely into the domain of architecture. It proposes to link the more philosophical discussions on the notion of xeno with questions of instrumentalization and governance that are necessarily involved in the praxis of architecture. And it relates the significance of legal architecture and technologically driven transformation in the metaphysics of law back to the agenda of xeno-architecture. By researching how architects, artists, thinkers, and activists operating in the spatial field might endorse a process of “alienation” to confront global issues, this project attempt to re-radicalize spatial practice. [less ▲]

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See detail14 Tage. Ein Reisebericht
Miessen, Markus UL

Book published by Sorry Press (2018)

In „14 Tagen“ berichtet der Architekt Markus Miessen in Tagebuchform von seiner Thailandreise. Zwei Wochen hat der Autor durchgemacht, was Land und Touristenleute für ihn bereithielten. Für jeden der in ... [more ▼]

In „14 Tagen“ berichtet der Architekt Markus Miessen in Tagebuchform von seiner Thailandreise. Zwei Wochen hat der Autor durchgemacht, was Land und Touristenleute für ihn bereithielten. Für jeden der in Thailand war, erst gar nicht hinwill oder in Betracht zieht, dort Urlaub zu machen. Entspannung pur auf 80 Seiten. „Was mache ich hier?“ Arthur Rimbaud „Das ist nicht The Beach“ Danny (2) „Was soll das?“ Ulrich Wiegand „Kein Homo Faber“ Maria von Hartmann [less ▲]

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See detailSpaces of Uncertainty Berlin Revisited
Miessen, Markus UL; Cupers, Kenny

Book published by Birkhäuser (2018)

How has Berlin's urban landscape changed in its remarkable transformation from divided city to creative capital? Despite the monumental heritage and grand development projects, Berlin still conjures up ... [more ▼]

How has Berlin's urban landscape changed in its remarkable transformation from divided city to creative capital? Despite the monumental heritage and grand development projects, Berlin still conjures up images of urban fragmentation and vacant inner-city land. The book reveals the changing nature and complex politics of this open space. A rephotographing of sites between 2001 and 2016 shows how no man's land has made way for new apartments and underground hangouts have changed into commercial hubs, but it also transports us to remaining pockets of urban wilderness and unexpected freedom right next to the city's most iconic squares. The accompanying essays by noted urban thinkers explore this little-known but vital reserve--forcing us to reflect on our unrelenting efforts to chart the future of the city at large. [less ▲]

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See detailÉtude 725 Immunités d'exécution
Cuniberti, Gilles UL

in Brenner, Claude (Ed.) Le Lamy Droit de l'exécution forcée (2018)

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See detailLa production en céramique dans la Grande Région SaarLorLux
Decker, Emile; Helfer, Malte UL; Pauly, Michel UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2018)

Consisting of four entities, regions or states, located in the heart of Europe, the Greater Region SaarLorLux has long been considered a territory with a rich industrial past of great dynamism. Among the ... [more ▼]

Consisting of four entities, regions or states, located in the heart of Europe, the Greater Region SaarLorLux has long been considered a territory with a rich industrial past of great dynamism. Among the many branches of activity, there is one that has long been a flagship of its skills: ceramics. The term "ceramics" covers a certain number of very different products in terms of their appearance and properties, all made from fired clay. Over time, manufacturing techniques have evolved to produce less and less porous and finer designs. The applications of this material have thus expanded considerably. Working with clay is a long-standing tradition in this region, as the first ceramics discovered at archaeological sites are 7 000 years old. So, for thousands of years, potters made objects out of fired clay. [less ▲]

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See detailA City Curating Reader. Public Art Munich 2018
Warsza, Joanna; Reed, Patricia; Miessen, Markus UL

Book published by Motto Books (2018)

What is public in public art? What are the contingencies of working outside of the protection of the institutional walls? What makes city curating? This reader takes Munich as a case study, and documents ... [more ▼]

What is public in public art? What are the contingencies of working outside of the protection of the institutional walls? What makes city curating? This reader takes Munich as a case study, and documents the projects of PUBLIC ART MUNICH 2018 dealing with political, ideological and economical shifts, spanning from the founding of the Bavarian Soviet Republic in 1919 to the arrival of refugees at the Hauptbahnhof in 2015. It contextualizes art within the broader questions of the grammar of the public sphere and of what constitutes publicness today. It also reflects on the concept of context-specific city curating, performativity and art conceived in minutes rather than square meters. Art projects, conversations and essays plot a narrative of how art can cultivate encounters with the unpredictable, negotiate the uncommonness, and provoke the counter-publics to come. [less ▲]

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See detailMetropolitan Life
POUSTTCHI, BETTINA; Miessen, Markus UL

Book published by Scheidegger & Spiess (2018)

Since the late 2000s, German-Iranian artist Bettina Pousttchi has been creating works at the intersection of sculpture, architecture, and photography. Her large-scale installations investigate the history ... [more ▼]

Since the late 2000s, German-Iranian artist Bettina Pousttchi has been creating works at the intersection of sculpture, architecture, and photography. Her large-scale installations investigate the history and memory of places, exploring the connections between time and space from a transnational perspective, and have gained her international recognition and praise. This book features Pousttchi’s new photographic installation at Nivola Museum in Orani on the Italian island of Sardinia. She chose the Metropolitan Life Building on 1 Madison Avenue in Manhattan as her subject for this piece. Criticized for its blatant Italian references at the time of its completion in 1909—and the world’s tallest structure until 1913—the building displays a hybrid identity, recalling cultural and temporal-spatial dislocations between the Old and the New World, Renaissance and Modernism. Published alongside the images of Metropolitan Life and other works by Pousttchi are an essay by art historian Greg Foster-Rice and a conversation between the artist, critic, and curator Hans Ulrich Obrist and architect and writer Markus Miessen. [less ▲]

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See detailConditions of Political Choreography
Babias, Marius; Edelsztein, Sergio; Goltz, Sophie et al

Book published by CCA Tel Aviv (2018)

"Conditions of Political Choreography” was a joint project that took place in 2016 and 2017 at the Neuer Berliner Kunstverein (n.b.k.) in Berlin and the Center for Contemporary Art Tel Aviv. This project ... [more ▼]

"Conditions of Political Choreography” was a joint project that took place in 2016 and 2017 at the Neuer Berliner Kunstverein (n.b.k.) in Berlin and the Center for Contemporary Art Tel Aviv. This project pushed both formal and political boundaries through experimental works by internationally renowned artists, performers, theatre-makers, and dancers, who were invited to respond to each institution and its social-political context. [less ▲]

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