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See detailShould we punish managers for taking too much risk? And if so, how?
Tosza, Stanislaw UL

E-print/Working paper (2019)

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See detailCross-Border Gathering of Electronic Evidence: Mutual Legal Assistance, Its Shortcomings and Remedies
Tosza, Stanislaw UL

in Flore, Daniel; Franssen, Vanessa (Eds.) Société numérique et droit penal (2019)

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See detailImpact of a hypnotic trance on the physiological and subjective stress response to an acute stressor
Dierolf, Angelika UL; Wortmeier, Theresa; Zeyer, Reinhold et al

in Kirschbaum, C. (Ed.) 45. Jahrestagung Psychologie und Gehirn - Abstractban (2019)

Clinical hypnosis is a valuable therapeutic tool in the treatment of phobias and acute pain. These conditions have in common that stress constitutes a crucial factor in the genesis and frightening or ... [more ▼]

Clinical hypnosis is a valuable therapeutic tool in the treatment of phobias and acute pain. These conditions have in common that stress constitutes a crucial factor in the genesis and frightening or painful situations. The present study was aimed to investigate whether hypnotic trance has a positive immediate impact on the psychological and physiological responses to an acute stressor. 48 men and women underwent the socially-evaluated cold pressor test and a warm water control procedure in two separated sessions. Beforehand, hypnotic suggestibility was tested with the Harvard Group Scale of Hypnotic Susceptibility. Participants were randomly assigned to three groups: to a hypnotic trance group, an active control group, and a natural history group. Before the stress and the control procedures, the hypnotic trance group received a hypnotic trance strengthening stress resilience and stress coping. The active control group received a non-fictional text together with a suggestion to strengthen resilience. The natural history group received no intervention. After both procedures, participants performed a working memory task. Hormonal, cardiovascular, respiratory, and subjective measures were taken throughout the sessions. Results show that the hypnotic trance affected hormonel and cardiovascular parameters differently. While cortisol and alpha amylase were generally reduced in the hypnotic trance group, cardiovascular parameters and subjective stress were specifically altered in the stress procedure and modulated by suggestibility. Our results show the potential of a short hypnotic intervention to positively influence the stress response and the restoration of the homeostasis. [less ▲]

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See detailCase note to U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, decision of 9/11/2018 – Arista Networks, Inc. v. Cisco Systems, Inc.
Stierle, Martin UL

in Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht. Internationaler Teil (2019)

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See detailConference report: Injunctions and Flexibility in Patent Law – Civil Law and Common Law Perspectives.
Antoine, Luice; Stierle, Martin UL

in Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht (2019)

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See detailSolutions to achieve gender parity amongst national UNICEF Nepal staff
Muzzi, Mariana Elise UL

Bachelor/master dissertation (2019)

The United Nations (UN) has fallen short in meeting commitments - which date back to 1970 - to achieve gender parity. Conversely, UNICEF globally has achieved gender parity. This global average however ... [more ▼]

The United Nations (UN) has fallen short in meeting commitments - which date back to 1970 - to achieve gender parity. Conversely, UNICEF globally has achieved gender parity. This global average however hides a gender imbalanced workforce at the regional level, in country offices and in functional areas. At UNICEF Nepal, men are over-represented in the workforce. The most significant gender imbalance lies within the category of national staff. Based on analysis of Human Resources (HR) recruitment and workforce data and interviews with UN staff, the research identified potential reasons for the under-representation of Nepalese women. Nepalese women are not leaving their jobs any more than men, career development opportunities are similar for men and women, selection procedures do not discriminate against women, there are policies in place for flexible work arrangements. From this elimination process, the main reason for the under-representation of women at UNICEF Nepal is that only a small number of women are applying to positions in the first place. From an array of potential reasons for women not applying to UNICEF Nepal, UNICEF can address the perception that UNICEF is a boys’ club that is inflexible in terms of working arrangements. Next, the research explored solutions from other UNICEF country offices, UN entities, the private sector and academia. The study presented practical solutions for UNICEF Nepal to adopt: Temporarily hiring only women, talent outreach, adapting and creating new traineeship and fellowship programmes, better communicating UNICEF’s goals on gender parity and job advertisements tailored to women. Beyond its direct application to UNICEF Nepal, this paper could inspire reflection at the country office, regional office and headquarters on solutions to achieve a more diverse workforce respecting gender balance, equitable geographical distribution, caste and others. In sum, it could guide reflection on solutions for UNICEF to have a workforce more representative of the society. [less ▲]

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See detailPatent Injunctions – Identifying Common Elements.
Stierle, Martin UL

in Intellectual Property Journal (2019)

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See detailIst unser Wahlsystem gerecht?
Fehlen, Fernand UL

in Frieseisen, Claude; Moes, Régis; Polfer, Michel (Eds.) et al #wielewatmirsinn - 100 Joer allgemengt Wahlrecht (2019)

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See detailHow do labor market institutions influence the preference to work in family firms? A multilevel analysis across 40 countries
Block, Jörn; Fisch, Christian UL; Lau, James et al

in Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice (2019), 43(6), 1067-1093

Family firms must attract talented employees to stay competitive. They have different employer characteristics than nonfamily firms. For example, although they generally offer lower wages, they also ... [more ▼]

Family firms must attract talented employees to stay competitive. They have different employer characteristics than nonfamily firms. For example, although they generally offer lower wages, they also typically offer higher job security and a more cooperative and entrepreneurial work environment. However, drawing on occupational choice theory, we argue that the importance of these unique family firm characteristics depends on the national labor market context in which the family firm is embedded. A multilevel investigation of 12,746 individuals in 40 countries shows that individuals prefer to work in family firms in labor markets with flexible unregulated hiring and firing practices, centralized wage determination, and low labor–employer cooperation. A cross-level analysis further shows that the national labor market context moderates the effects of individual-level factors determining the preference to work in a family firm (e.g., entrepreneurship intention). Our article is the first to consider labor market institutions in research on family firms as employers. Practical implications exist for family firms regarding their employer branding and intrapreneurship strategies. [less ▲]

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See detailPrivate equity investment criteria: An experimental conjoint analysis of venture capital, business angels, and family offices
Block, Jörn; Fisch, Christian UL; Vismara, Silvio et al

in Journal of Corporate Finance (2019), 58

We use an experimental conjoint analysis to investigate the investment criteria of 749 private equity investors, distinguishing between family offices, business angels, venture capital funds, growth ... [more ▼]

We use an experimental conjoint analysis to investigate the investment criteria of 749 private equity investors, distinguishing between family offices, business angels, venture capital funds, growth equity funds, and leveraged buyout funds. Our results indicate that revenue growth is the most important investment criterion, followed by the value-added of product/service, the management team's track record, and profitability. Regarding differences across investor types, we find that family offices, growth equity funds, and leveraged buyout funds place a higher value on profitability as compared to business angels and venture capital funds. Venture capital funds, in turn, pay more attention to companies' revenue growth, business models, and current investors. With these results, our study contributes to the corporate finance literature by deepening our understanding of how different types of private equity investors make investment decisions. [less ▲]

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See detailA personality perspective on business angel syndication
Block, Jörn; Fisch, Christian UL; Obschonka, Martin et al

in Journal of Banking and Finance (2019), 100

The decision to syndicate investments in entrepreneurial finance has been explained through financial, networking, and resource-based perspectives. We posit that a personality perspective exists next to ... [more ▼]

The decision to syndicate investments in entrepreneurial finance has been explained through financial, networking, and resource-based perspectives. We posit that a personality perspective exists next to these three perspectives and hypothesize that the personality of business angels influences syndication behavior. Using data from 3,234 syndication decisions of 1,348 business angels, we find evidence for some of our predictions. By measuring personality through a comprehensive language analysis based on digital footprints in Twitter statements of business angels, we show that extraversion makes syndication more likely, whereas conscientiousness reduces the likelihood of syndication. Several sensitivity analyses underline the robustness of our main results. Further exploratory analyses assess the relationship between personality and syndicate composition as well as that between personality and venture success. Our study contributes to the entrepreneurial finance literature by adding and validating a new perspective to explain syndication behavior. In addition, our study contributes to research on the personality of business angels. [less ▲]

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See detailThe impact of acquisitions on Chinese acquirers' innovation performance: An empirical investigation of 1,545 Chinese acquisitions
Fisch, Christian UL; Block, Jörn; Sandner, Philipp

in Journal of Business Economics (2019), 89(2), 125-153

Acquisitions by Chinese firms have increased markedly in recent years. So far, we know little about the effects of these acquisitions on the acquirer’s innovation performance. Our paper focuses on two ... [more ▼]

Acquisitions by Chinese firms have increased markedly in recent years. So far, we know little about the effects of these acquisitions on the acquirer’s innovation performance. Our paper focuses on two interrelated research questions. First, to what extent can Chinese firms increase their patent output following an acquisition? Second, which factors influence the post-acquisition patent output? Using a comprehensive dataset of 697 publicly listed Chinese firms in the manufacturing sector that conducted 1545 acquisitions from 2000 to 2012, we find no significant overall effect of acquisitions on patent output. However, we find that several acquisition-specific factors have a positive effect on the post-acquisition patent output (e.g., size of the acquired knowledge base, relatedness of the acquired knowledge base, cross-border acquisitions). Our study extends prior research on post-acquisition innovation performance to the context of Chinese acquirers. [less ▲]

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See detailInitial coin offerings (ICOs) to finance new ventures
Fisch, Christian UL

in Journal of Business Venturing (2019), 34(1), 1-22

In an initial coin offering (ICO), new ventures raise capital by selling tokens to a crowd of investors. Often, this token is a cryptocurrency, a digital medium of value exchange based on the distributed ... [more ▼]

In an initial coin offering (ICO), new ventures raise capital by selling tokens to a crowd of investors. Often, this token is a cryptocurrency, a digital medium of value exchange based on the distributed ledger technology. Both the number of ICOs and the amount of capital raised have exploded since 2017. Despite attracting significant attention from ventures, investors, and policy makers, little is known about the dynamics of ICOs. This initial study therefore assesses the determinants of the amount raised in 423 ICOs. Drawing on signaling theory, the study explores the role of signaling ventures' technological capabilities in ICOs. The results show that technical white papers and high-quality source codes increase the amount raised, while patents are not associated with increased amounts of funding. Exploring further determinants of the amount raised, the results indicate that some of the underlying mechanisms in ICOs resemble those found in prior research into entrepreneurial finance, while others are unique to the ICO context. The study's implications are multifold and discussed in detail. Importantly, the results enable investors to more accurately understand crucial determinants of the amount raised (e.g., technical white papers, source code quality, token supply, Ethereum-standard). This reduces the considerable uncertainty that investors face when investing in ICOs and enables more informed decision-making. [less ▲]

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See detailEntrepreneurship in Islamic communities: how do Islamic values and Islamic practices influence entrepreneurship intentions?
Rehan, Farooq; Fisch, Christian UL; Block, Jörn

in Journal of Enterprising Communities (2019), 13(5), 557-583

Purpose – Prior research has investigated the development of Islamic communities. The authors contribute to this line of research by analyzing the effects of Islamic values and Islamic religious practices ... [more ▼]

Purpose – Prior research has investigated the development of Islamic communities. The authors contribute to this line of research by analyzing the effects of Islamic values and Islamic religious practices on entrepreneurship intentions in Islamic communities. Using theory of planned behavior as a theoretical lens, they also take into account that the relationship between religion and entrepreneurial intentions can be mediated by individual’s attitude toward entrepreneurship. Design/methodology/approach – The authors analyze primary data obtained from a sample of 1,895 Pakistani university students. They also use structural equation modeling to perform a nuanced assessment of the relationship between Islamic values and practices and entrepreneurship intentions and to account for mediating effects. Findings – The results show that both Islamic values and Islamic practices positively influence entrepreneurship intentions. Both effects are mediated by the attitude toward entrepreneurship. Originality/value – The authors contribute to prior research on entrepreneurship in Islamic communities by applying a more fine-grained approach to capture the link between religion and entrepreneurship. Further, they contribute to the literature on entrepreneurship intentions by showing that the influence of religion on entrepreneurship intentions is mainly due to religious values and practices, which shape the attitude [less ▲]

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See detailEfficient Zero-Knowledge Arguments in the Discrete Log Setting, Revisited
Hoffmann, Max; Klooß, Michael; Rupp, Andy UL

in Proceedings of the 2019 ACM SIGSAC Conference on Computer and Communications Security, CCS 2019, London, UK, November 11-15, 2019 (2019)

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See detail(R)CCA Secure Updatable Encryption with Integrity Protection
Klooß, Michael; Lehmann, Anja; Rupp, Andy UL

in Advances in Cryptology - EUROCRYPT 2019 - 38th Annual International Conference on the Theory and Applications of Cryptographic Techniques Darmstadt, Germany, May 19-23, 2019, Proceedings, Part I (2019)

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See detailP6V2G: A Privacy-Preserving V2G Scheme for Two-Way Payments and Reputation
Schwerdt, Rebecca; Nagel, Matthias; Fetzer, Valerie et al

in Energy Informatics (2019), 2 (Suppl 1)(32),

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See detailBlack-Box Wallets: Fast Anonymous Two-Way Payments for Constrained Devices
Hoffmann, Max; Klooß, Michael; Raiber, Markus et al

E-print/Working paper (2019)

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