Last 7 days
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDeFi, Not So Decentralized: The Measured Distribution of Voting Rights
Barbereau, Tom Josua UL; Smethurst, Reilly UL; Papageorgiou, Orestis UL et al

in Proceedings of the Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences 2022 (2022, January)

Bitcoin and Ethereum are frequently promoted as decentralized, but developers and academics question their actual decentralization. This motivates further experiments with public permissionless ... [more ▼]

Bitcoin and Ethereum are frequently promoted as decentralized, but developers and academics question their actual decentralization. This motivates further experiments with public permissionless blockchains to achieve decentralization along technical, economic, and political lines. The distribution of tokenized voting rights aims for political decentralization. Tokenized voting rights achieved notoriety within the nascent field of decentralized finance (DeFi) in 2020. As an alternative to centralized crypto-asset exchanges and lending platforms (owned by companies like Coinbase and Celsius), DeFi developers typically create non-custodial projects that are not majority-owned or managed by legal entities. Holders of tokenized voting rights can instead govern DeFi projects. To scrutinize DeFi’s distributed governance strategies, we conducted a multiple-case study of non-custodial, Ethereum-based DeFi projects: Uniswap, Maker, SushiSwap, Yearn Finance, and UMA. Our findings are novel and surprising: quantitative evaluations of DeFi’s distributed governance strategies reveal a failure to achieve political decentralization. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 809 (59 UL)
See detailBig Data and the Future of the Humanities.
Baumann, Isabell Eva UL; Mein, Georg UL

in Baumann, Isabell Eva; Dembeck, Till; Mein, Georg (Eds.) The Ends of Humanities (2022)

Detailed reference viewed: 55 (10 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIS PERIMETER CONTROL AN EMERGING STRUCTURE IN NETWORK-WIDE URBAN TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT?
Rinaldi, Marco; Viti, Francesco UL; Serge, Hoogendoorn

Scientific Conference (2022, January)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailChronique de droit des marchés financiers
Conac, Pierre-Henri UL

in Revue des Sociétés (2022)

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMännerbund, Staatsschiff, Multitude. U-Boote und Raumfahrzeuge als politische Körper
Gradinari, Irina; Pause, Johannes UL

in COLLATERAL: Online Journal for Cross-Cultural Close Reading (2022), 32

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (3 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNormative Coherence for Development and Regionalism: Gender equality in ASEAN’s migration policies
Häbel, Sandra; Koff, Harlan UL; Adam, Marie

in Development Policy Review (2022)

Motivation:The United Nations2030 Agenda recognizesregions as important actors in implementing the sustainable development agenda.At the same time, regions are often criticized for lackingeffective ... [more ▼]

Motivation:The United Nations2030 Agenda recognizesregions as important actors in implementing the sustainable development agenda.At the same time, regions are often criticized for lackingeffective implementation, especially in relation to gender equality.Purpose:This study examines whether the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) implements its global commitment to gender equality at a regional level. Methods and approach:We apply qualitative analysis of key ASEAN documents in order to determinehow gender equality is implemented regionally. We particularly focus onframeworks related to female migrant workers in ASEAN. Findings: The analysis shows that ASEAN is formally committed to improving gender equality at a regional level, however, female migrants often end up in unfavourable conditions and precarious work relationships without any institutionalized protection because ASEAN's gender equality initiatives are largely concentrated in the Cultural Community and absent from the Economic Community, indicating an absence of normative coherence for developmentwith regard to gender equality. Policy implications:This limited impact of emerging regional commitments to gender equality arises from incoherencies in ASEAN’s normative governance. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 48 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailRegionalgeschichte als Nationalgeschichte. Traditionen, Institutionen und Perspektiven in Luxemburg
Pauly, Michel UL

in Hirbodian, Sigrid; Jörg, Christian; Wegner, Tjark (Eds.) Zwischen Region, Nation und Europa. Landesgeschichte in europäischer Perspektive (2022)

Der Beitrag erläutert Entstehung und Entwicklung der landesgeschichtlichen Forschung in Luxemburg seit dem 19. Jahrhundert, präsentiert die entsprechrenden Institutionen bis hin zur Gründung einer ... [more ▼]

Der Beitrag erläutert Entstehung und Entwicklung der landesgeschichtlichen Forschung in Luxemburg seit dem 19. Jahrhundert, präsentiert die entsprechrenden Institutionen bis hin zur Gründung einer Universität (2003) und versucht ausländische Einflüsse zu identifizieren sowie Zukunftsperspektiven zu skizzieren. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 53 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCritical Review of the ATAD Implementation: The Implementation of the ATAD in Luxembourg
Pantazatou, Aikaterini UL

in Intertax (2022), 50(1), 56-65

This article examines the implementation of the ATAD in Luxembourg. Specifically, it analyses all the additions and amendments that had to be made into Luxembourg law, due to the ATAD. It does so in an ... [more ▼]

This article examines the implementation of the ATAD in Luxembourg. Specifically, it analyses all the additions and amendments that had to be made into Luxembourg law, due to the ATAD. It does so in an analytical and critical manner by going through all ATAD anti-avoidance provisions and examining the way they were implemented into Luxembourg law and how they differentiate from the previous rules (if they existed at all). It also critically assesses whether these changes have given rise to any inconsistencies or remaining questions. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 64 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIntergenerationality in the light of indeterminacy
Boulanger, Dany; Albert, Isabelle UL; Abbey, Emily

in Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science (2022), 56(1),

This Special Issue aims to shed light on the undetermined nature of intergenerational trajectories. Indeterminacy has been suggested to the author as an avenue to tackle the dynamic aspect –which entails ... [more ▼]

This Special Issue aims to shed light on the undetermined nature of intergenerational trajectories. Indeterminacy has been suggested to the author as an avenue to tackle the dynamic aspect –which entails looking at tensions in an unfolding process— of intergenerationality. We present the paper in this Special Issue by insisting on their main contributions, we identify HOW they define the concept of generation, particularly in reference to indeterminacy. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEnhancing Trust in Trust Services: Towards an Intelligent Human-input-based Blockchain Oracle (IHiBO)
Yu, Liuwen UL; Zichichi, Mirko; Markovich, Réka UL et al

in Proceedings of the 55th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (2022, January)

As their name suggests, trust is of crucial importance in ‘‘trust service". Nevertheless, in many cases, these services suffer from a lack transparency, documentation, traceability, and inclusive multi ... [more ▼]

As their name suggests, trust is of crucial importance in ‘‘trust service". Nevertheless, in many cases, these services suffer from a lack transparency, documentation, traceability, and inclusive multi-lateral decision-making mechanisms. To overcome these challenges, in this paper we propose an integrated framework which incorporates formal argumentation and negotiation within a blockchain environment to make the decision-making processes of fund management transparent and traceable. We introduce three possible architectures and we evaluate and compare them considering different technical, financial, and legal aspects. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 231 (4 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNeed for Cognition and its relation to academic achievement in different learning environments
Colling, Joanne UL; Wollschläger, Rachel UL; Keller, Ulrich UL et al

in Learning and Individual Differences (2022), 93

The present study investigates how Need for Cognition (NFC), an individual's tendency to engage in and enjoy thinking, relates to academic achievement in 9th grade students (N = 3.355) attending different ... [more ▼]

The present study investigates how Need for Cognition (NFC), an individual's tendency to engage in and enjoy thinking, relates to academic achievement in 9th grade students (N = 3.355) attending different school tracks to understand whether school track moderates this relation when controlling for student background variables. Using structural regression analyses, our findings revealed small and significant positive relations between NFC and academic achievement in German, French and Math. Relations were strongest in the highest and weakest in the lowest track. No significant track difference between the highest and the intermediary track could be identified; significant differences of small effect size between the intermediary and the lowest track were found in favor of the intermediary track in the relation between NFC and academic achievement in German and Math. These findings underpin the importance of NFC in academic settings, while highlighting that the relation between NFC and achievement varies with the characteristics of different learning environments. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 71 (12 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLeveraging stretching directions for stationkeeping in Earth-Moon halo orbits
Muralidharan, Vivek UL; Howell, Kathleen C.

in Advances in Space Research (2022), 69(1), 620-646

Near Rectilinear Halo Orbits (NRHOs) are stable or nearly stable orbits that are defined as part of the L1 and L2 halo orbit families in the circular restricted three-body problem. Within the Earth-Moon ... [more ▼]

Near Rectilinear Halo Orbits (NRHOs) are stable or nearly stable orbits that are defined as part of the L1 and L2 halo orbit families in the circular restricted three-body problem. Within the Earth-Moon regime, the L1 and L2 NRHOs are proposed as long horizon trajectories for cislunar exploration missions, including NASA’s upcoming Gateway mission. The spacecraft, however, incurs continuous deviations due to unmodeled forces and orbit determination errors in this dynamically sensitive region. The current investigation focuses on an impulsive stationkeeping technique to maintain the spacecraft near a virtual reference orbit despite these uncertainties. The flow dynamics in the region are utilized to identify appropriate maneuver and target locations. The investigation reflects the impact of various factors on maneuver cost and efficacy. For orbits where position and velocity states are particularly sensitive to epoch time, an additional feedback control strategy is applied for phasing constraints. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (5 UL)