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See detailCalabi-Yau structures for multiplicative preprojective algebras
Scherotzke, Sarah UL; Calaque, Damien; Bozec, Tristan

in Journal of Noncommutative Geometry (in press)

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See detailRelative critical loci and quiver moduli
Scherotzke, Sarah UL; Calaque, Damien; Bozec, Tristan

in Annales Scientifiques de l'École Normale Supérieure (in press)

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See detailGlobal Mega-Science: Universities Scientize the World
Baker, David UL; Powell, Justin J W UL

Book published by Stanford University Press (in press)

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See detailClinical relevance of attentional biases in pediatric chronic pain: an eye-tracking study
Soltani, Sabine; van Ryckeghem, Dimitri UL; Vervoort, Tine et al

in Pain (in press)

Attentional biases have been posited as one of the key mechanisms underlying the development and maintenance of chronic pain and co-occurring internalizing mental health symptoms. Despite this theoretical ... [more ▼]

Attentional biases have been posited as one of the key mechanisms underlying the development and maintenance of chronic pain and co-occurring internalizing mental health symptoms. Despite this theoretical prominence, a comprehensive understanding of the nature of biased attentional processing in chronic pain and its relationship to theorized antecedents and clinical outcomes is lacking, particularly in youth. This study used eye-tracking to assess attentional bias for painful facial expressions and its relationship to theorized antecedents of chronic pain and clinical outcomes. Youth with chronic pain (n = 125) and without chronic pain (n = 52) viewed face images of varying levels of pain expressiveness while their eye gaze was tracked and recorded. At baseline, youth completed questionnaires to assess pain characteristics, theorized antecedents (pain catastrophizing, fear of pain, and anxiety sensitivity), and clinical outcomes (pain intensity, interference, anxiety, depression, and posttraumatic stress). For youth with chronic pain, clinical outcomes were reassessed at 3 months to assess for relationships with attentional bias while controlling for baseline symptoms. In both groups, youth exhibited an attentional bias for painful facial expressions. For youth with chronic pain, attentional bias was not significantly associated with theorized antecedents or clinical outcomes at baseline or 3-month follow-up. These findings call into question the posited relationships between attentional bias and clinical outcomes. Additional studies using more comprehensive and contextual paradigms for the assessment of attentional bias are required to clarify the ways in which such biases may manifest and relate to clinical outcomes. [less ▲]

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See detailEntangled Media Ecologies: The Nexus of Education and Mass Communication from the Perspective of UNESCO (1945-1989)
Priem, Karin UL

in Flury, Carmen; Geiss, Michael (Eds.) How Computers Entered the Classroom (1960-2000): Historical Perspectives (in press)

Numerous studies and handbooks in the history of education are devoted to the history of educational media and the evolution of educational technologies. This chapter puts an explicit focus on the ... [more ▼]

Numerous studies and handbooks in the history of education are devoted to the history of educational media and the evolution of educational technologies. This chapter puts an explicit focus on the implications and conceptual background of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization´s (UNESCO) technology-driven idea of education, which already took shape before the 1957 Sputnik shock. Eager to establish strong bonds between mass communication and education, UNESCO by the late 1940s had already begun to set up a powerful internal apparatus for media policy which soon closely collaborated with its Education Division. From the late 1970s, UNESCO set out to establish a New World Information and Communication Order to further stabilize its global role in education and media policies. This chapter posits that textbooks, radio, TV, film, and computers were serving as interconnected elements of UNESCO’s educational mission. By looking at these specific technological ecologies of education, I connect research into the history of education with research into UNESCO´s media policies. This conceptual history approach demonstrates that education is not only based on ethical norms, teaching, and learning but is also connected to technological properties that offer access to knowledge and its acquisition. In addition, and when studying UNESCO, it becomes evident that the organization´s education-technology-nexus is also very much connected with the media and publishing industries. [less ▲]

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See detailEconomic insecurity and political preferences
Bossert, Walter; Clark, Andrew UL; d'Ambrosio, Conchita UL et al

in Oxford Economic Papers (in press)

Economic insecurity has attracted growing attention, but there is no consensus as to its definition. We characterize a class of individual economic-insecurity measures based on the time profile of ... [more ▼]

Economic insecurity has attracted growing attention, but there is no consensus as to its definition. We characterize a class of individual economic-insecurity measures based on the time profile of economic resources. We apply this economic-insecurity measure to political-preference data in the USA, UK, and Germany. Conditional on current economic resources, economic insecurity is associated with both greater political participation (support for a party or the intention to vote) and more support for conservative parties. In particular, economic insecurity predicts greater support for both Donald Trump before the 2016 US Presidential election and the UK leaving the European Union in the 2016 Brexit referendum. [less ▲]

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See detailLessons from Investment Treaty Arbitration
Garcia Olmedo, Javier UL

in Haslehner, Werner; Rust, Alexander; Kofler (Eds.) Alternative Dispute Resolution in Taxation (in press)

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See detailAre Family Firms Doing More Innovation Output With Less Innovation Input? A Replication and Extension
Block, Joern; Hansen, Christopher UL; Steinmetz, Holger

in Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice (in press)

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See detailAltersbilder als wichtiger Hintergrund für die Altersmedizin.
Kornadt, Anna Elena UL

in Bauer, Jürgen; Denkinger, Michael; Becker, Clemens (Eds.) et al Geriatrie (in press)

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See detailSimulator-based explanation and debugging of hazard-triggering events in DNN-based safety-critical systems
Fahmy, Hazem UL; Pastore, Fabrizio UL; Briand, Lionel UL et al

in ACM Transactions on Software Engineering and Methodology (in press)

When Deep Neural Networks (DNNs) are used in safety-critical systems, engineers should determine the safety risks associated with failures (i.e., erroneous outputs) observed during testing. For DNNs ... [more ▼]

When Deep Neural Networks (DNNs) are used in safety-critical systems, engineers should determine the safety risks associated with failures (i.e., erroneous outputs) observed during testing. For DNNs processing images, engineers visually inspect all failure-inducing images to determine common characteristics among them. Such characteristics correspond to hazard-triggering events (e.g., low illumination) that are essential inputs for safety analysis. Though informative, such activity is expensive and error-prone. To support such safety analysis practices, we propose SEDE, a technique that generates readable descriptions for commonalities in failure-inducing, real-world images and improves the DNN through effective retraining. SEDE leverages the availability of simulators, which are commonly used for cyber-physical systems. It relies on genetic algorithms to drive simulators towards the generation of images that are similar to failure-inducing, real-world images in the test set; it then employs rule learning algorithms to derive expressions that capture commonalities in terms of simulator parameter values. The derived expressions are then used to generate additional images to retrain and improve the DNN. With DNNs performing in-car sensing tasks, SEDE successfully characterized hazard-triggering events leading to a DNN accuracy drop. Also, SEDE enabled retraining leading to significant improvements in DNN accuracy, up to 18 percentage points. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Rise of the Unified Patent Court. A Turn of Eras for European Patent Enforcement
Stierle, Martin UL

in IIC: International Review of Intellectual Property and Competition Law (in press)

Editorial

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See detailL'hagiographie à l'aune du numérique. Nouvelles perspectives d'étude des légendiers latins
De Valeriola, Sébastien; Dubuisson, Bastien UL

in In Monte Artium (in press)

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See detailDeciding When To Decide: Collective Deliberation and Obstruction
Anesi, Vincent UL; Safronov, Mikhail

in International Economic Review (in press)

We study the impact of deliberation rules on collective learning and decision making in committees. In contrast to much of the existing literature, this paper makes a distinction between the final votes ... [more ▼]

We study the impact of deliberation rules on collective learning and decision making in committees. In contrast to much of the existing literature, this paper makes a distinction between the final votes over policy proposals and the cloture votes that bring them about. We show how deliberation rules can cause Pareto inefficient outcomes and failures to bring good proposals to a final vote, and how they affect the distribution of power among committee members in the deliberative process. We further show that deliberation rules are dynamically stable, even when they generate Pareto ineffcient outcomes. [less ▲]

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See detailWortverbindungen in Paraphrase und Argumentation: Eine Untersuchung an Lernendentexten von Studierenden mit L2 Deutsch
Huemer, Birgit UL

in Akten des XIV. Internationalen Germanistenkongresses. Palermo 2021. Wege der Germanistik in transkulturellen Perspektiven (in press)

In diesem Beitrag wird der Umgang mit wissenschaftssprachlichen Wortverbindungen in den beiden Textmustern Paraphrase und Argumentation von Texten luxemburgischer Studienanfänger der Germanistik mit L2 ... [more ▼]

In diesem Beitrag wird der Umgang mit wissenschaftssprachlichen Wortverbindungen in den beiden Textmustern Paraphrase und Argumentation von Texten luxemburgischer Studienanfänger der Germanistik mit L2 Deutsch genau unter die Lupe genommen. Dafür wird ein Korpus von 37 Lernendentexten nach korpuslinguistischen Kriterien aufbereitet und qualitativ analysiert. Es wird untersucht, welche Wortverbindungen für die beiden Textmuster typisch sind, welche Wortverbindungen bereits beherrscht werden und wo Schwierigkeiten auftreten. Die Untersuchung ergibt, dass die Verwendung von Wortverbindungen textmusterspezifisch ist. Die Fehleranalyse zeigt außerdem, dass von 195 verwendeten Wortverbindungen fast ein Drittel fehlerhaft sind. Dabei treten die größten Schwierigkeiten bei der Trennung zwischen Alltagssprache/Umgangssprache und Wissenschaftssprache auf. Als Maßnahmen für den Unterricht wird das Arbeiten mit Wortverbindungslisten, das selbstständige Ergänzen solcher Listen durch Analysen wissenschaftlicher Mustertexte, die Selbstkontrolle am Eigentext und das Arbeiten mit Korpora empfohlen. [less ▲]

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See detailDie Hausarbeit im Kontext von Deutsch als Fach- und Fremdsprache
Huemer, Birgit UL

in Szurawitzki, Michael; Wolf-Farré, Patrick (Eds.) Handbuch Deutsch als Fach- und Fremdsprache (in press)

In diesem Beitrag wird der Entwicklungsgeschichte der studentischen Hausarbeit und ihrer Funktionen nachgegangen, die sie heutzutage in der deutschsprachigen Hochschullandschaft erfüllt. Zunächst werden ... [more ▼]

In diesem Beitrag wird der Entwicklungsgeschichte der studentischen Hausarbeit und ihrer Funktionen nachgegangen, die sie heutzutage in der deutschsprachigen Hochschullandschaft erfüllt. Zunächst werden die wichtigsten Ansätze zur Erforschung der Textsorte Hausarbeit und zum wissenschaftlichen Schreiben von Studierenden im deutschsprachigen Raum skizziert. Dabei werden allgemeine schreibdidaktische Herausforderungen beim Lehren und Lernen wissenschaftlichen Schreibens besprochen, bevor im Speziellen auf fach- und fremdsprachliche Aspekte beim Verfassen von Hausarbeiten eingegangen wird. Zum Abschluss zeigt der Beitrag gegenwärtige Problemfelder und Forschungstrends auf. [less ▲]

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See detailMonetary policy and venture capital markets
Bellavitis, Cristiano; Fisch, Christian UL; Vismara, Silvio

in Review of Corporate Finance (in press)

We assess the impact of monetary policy (i.e., central bank interest rates) on the activity of venture capitalists (VC). Using data from 31 countries from 2004 to 2019, we find that VC firms’ fundraising ... [more ▼]

We assess the impact of monetary policy (i.e., central bank interest rates) on the activity of venture capitalists (VC). Using data from 31 countries from 2004 to 2019, we find that VC firms’ fundraising activity increases when interest rates become negative. We explain this finding by referring to the principal-agent relationship between general and limited partners of VC firms in combination with behavioral finance arguments. Specifically, we identify three channels pertaining to a legal motivation (i.e., legislative hurdles and litigation risks), a liquidity motivation (i.e., substitution effect relative to other asset classes), and behavioral biases (i.e., mental accounting, conservatism, disposition effect, or prospect theory). [less ▲]

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See detailGender, Loneliness and Happiness during COVID-19
Lepinteur, Anthony UL; Clark, Andrew; Ferrer-I-Carbonell, Ada et al

in Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (in press)

We analyse a measure of loneliness from a representative sample of German individuals interviewed in both 2017 and at the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. Both men and women felt lonelier ... [more ▼]

We analyse a measure of loneliness from a representative sample of German individuals interviewed in both 2017 and at the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. Both men and women felt lonelier during the COVID-19 pandemic than they did in 2017. The pandemic more than doubled the gender loneliness gap: women were lonelier than men in 2017, and the 2017-2020 rise in loneliness was far larger for women. This rise is mirrored in life-satisfaction scores. Men’s life satisfaction changed only little between 2017 and 2020; yet that of women fell dramatically, and sufficiently so to produce a female penalty in life satisfaction. We estimate that almost all of this female penalty is explained by the disproportionate rise in loneliness for women during the COVID-19 pandemic. [less ▲]

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See detailInter-State Dispute Settlement and Africa’s Supranational Courts
Happold, Matthew UL; Owiso, Owiso UL

in Joanna, Gomula; Wittich, Stephan (Eds.) Research Handbook on International Procedural Law (in press)

The Chapter examines the various regional and sub-regional judicial mechanisms in Africa highlighting their potential for effective inter-state dispute settlement. It explains the lack of inter-state ... [more ▼]

The Chapter examines the various regional and sub-regional judicial mechanisms in Africa highlighting their potential for effective inter-state dispute settlement. It explains the lack of inter-state disputes before Africa’s supranational courts despite the existence of multiple mechanisms providing them with such jurisdiction, and identifies ways through which the potential of these mechanisms can be harnessed to provide effective avenues for the settlement of disputes between African States. [less ▲]

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See detailExploring the Embodied Experience of Walking Meetings through Bodystorming – Implications for Design
Jacob, Melodie; Damen, Ida; Lallemand, Carine UL

in TEI'23 Seventeenth International Conference on Tangible, Embedded, and Embodied Interaction (in press)

Walking meetings are a promising way to reduce unhealthy sedentary behavior at the office. Some aspects of walking meetings are however hard to assess using traditional research approaches that do not ... [more ▼]

Walking meetings are a promising way to reduce unhealthy sedentary behavior at the office. Some aspects of walking meetings are however hard to assess using traditional research approaches that do not account well for the embodied experience of walking meetings. We conducted a series of 16 bodystorming sessions, featuring unusual walking meeting situations to engage participants (N=45) in a reflective experience. After each bodystorming, participants completed three tasks: a body map, an empathy map, and a rating of workload using the NASA-TLX scale. These embodied explorations provide insights on key themes related to walking meetings: material and tools, physical and mental demand, connection with the environment, social dynamics, and privacy. We discuss the role of technology and opportunities for technology-mediated walking meetings. We draw implications for the design of walking meeting technologies or services to account for embodied experiences, and the individual, social, and environmental factors at play. [less ▲]

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