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See detailRacial disparities in observers' attention to and estimations of others' pain
Kissi, Ama; van Ryckeghem, Dimitri UL; Mende-Siedlecki et al

in Pain (2021)

Research has demonstrated racial disparities in pain care such that Black patients often receive poorer pain care than White patients. Little is known about mechanisms accounting for the emergence of such ... [more ▼]

Research has demonstrated racial disparities in pain care such that Black patients often receive poorer pain care than White patients. Little is known about mechanisms accounting for the emergence of such disparities. The present study had 2 aims. First, we examined whether White observers' attentional processing of pain (using a visual search task [VST] indexing attentional engagement to and attentional disengagement from pain) and estimation of pain experience differed between White vs Black faces. Second, we examined whether these differences were moderated by (1) racially biased beliefs about pain experience and (2) the level of pain expressed by Black vs White faces. Participants consisted of 102 observers (87 females) who performed a VST assessing pain-related attention to White vs Black avatar pain faces. Participants also reported on racially biased beliefs about White vs Black individuals' pain experience and rated the pain intensities expressed by White and Black avatar faces. Results indicated facilitated attentional engagement towards Black (vs White) pain faces. Furthermore, observers who more strongly endorsed the belief that White individuals experience pain more easily than Black individuals had less difficulty disengaging from Black (vs White) pain faces. Regarding pain estimations, observers gave higher pain ratings to Black (vs White) faces expressing high pain and White (vs Black) faces expressing no pain. The current findings attest to the importance of future research into the role of observer attentional processing of sufferers' pain in understanding racial disparities in pain care. Theoretical and clinical implications are discussed, and future research directions are outlined. [less ▲]

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See detailRelationship between Critical Consciousness and Multiculturalism? A comparison across four countries
Eickmann, Wibke; Murdock, Elke UL

Poster (2021, July 29)

Multiculturalism Ideology (MCI) describes the “appreciation of the value of cultural diversity for a society, and a need for mutual acceptance and accommodation that promotes equitable participation” ... [more ▼]

Multiculturalism Ideology (MCI) describes the “appreciation of the value of cultural diversity for a society, and a need for mutual acceptance and accommodation that promotes equitable participation” (Berry, 2016, p. 416f). The aim of the present study was to explore if and how diversity-related attitudes and the perception of less privileged members of society are linked and thus contribute to the growing body of research on social inequity awareness. Whilst some studies have focused on MCI and minority rights, awareness of structural discrimination and lowering prejudice, few have focused specifically on Critical Consciousness (CC), the reflection about inequalities in society and action taken to address them. Components of CC include Critical Reflection (Perceived Inequality and Egalitarianism), Political Efficacy (Internal and External), and Critical Action (Sociopolitical Participation). The present study draws on a quantitative design. An online questionnaire was launched in four countries, France, Luxembourg, Hong Kong, and Malaysia, which differ in their approaches in dealing with diversity. Measures included the Critical Consciousness Scale, the Political Efficacy Short Scale with the subscales regarding internal and external political efficacy and the Multicultural Ideology Scale (MCI). The questionnaire was made available in English, French and German. The total sample comprised 120 participants (68.2% female, Mage = 26.40, SDage = 9.71). Results indicate that MCI was highly positively correlated with Perceived Inequality and Egalitarianism and negatively with External Political Efficacy. Mean scores for CC components and MCI did not statistically differ across the four countries, while the correlation patterns between CC components and MCI were different. This finding suggests that CC may develop quite independently of cultural influences, as perception of unequal treatment and status differences between groups is an issue prevalent in all societies. More detailed results and implications as well as limitations of the present study will be discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailScalability and Replicability Analysis of Grid Management Services in Low Voltage Networks in Local Flexibility Markets: an InterFlex analysis
Potenciano Menci, Sergio UL; Herndler, Barbara; Kupzog, Friederuch et al

in PowerTech 2021 (2021, July 29)

The numerous changes in the power grid, due to the current and foreseeable increase of Renewable Energy Sources (RES) within the electrical network has resulted in a new perception of the modern ... [more ▼]

The numerous changes in the power grid, due to the current and foreseeable increase of Renewable Energy Sources (RES) within the electrical network has resulted in a new perception of the modern distribution network. A key aspect in this regard is the efficient utilisation of flexibility in demand and generation. This paper focuses on the impact of RES when used to provide flexibility for grid management services. In the European project InterFlex, grid management services were offered in local flexibility markets in distribution networks. The results of the Scalability and Replicability Analysis (SRA) of the smart grid Dutch demonstration is presented. Furthermore, the challenges of replicating and analysing a real system based on a high number of interconnected tools, where seasonality effects and realistic large scale deployments which are to be forecasted, are considered and discussed [less ▲]

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See detailMulticultural Identity Integration – the importance of the context of the family
Murdock, Elke UL; Gales, Sissy

Scientific Conference (2021, July 28)

Acculturation has been described as multidimensional process consisting of the confluence of different cultural practices, values and identifications. A growing body of research focuses on the ... [more ▼]

Acculturation has been described as multidimensional process consisting of the confluence of different cultural practices, values and identifications. A growing body of research focuses on the understanding identifications of persons growing up with multiple cultural experiences and how these influences are negotiated within themselves. The current study draws on a qualitative design and involved a semi-structured interview and two exercises designed to stimulate reflection on cultural influences. We recruited eight female participants, aged between 21 and 25 years, who all grew up in Germany. Their parents originate from a wide range of countries of various cultural distance to Germany. Fairly homogenous in terms of socioeconomic status and educational background, the sample was very diverse in terms of cultural influences. Half of our participants grew up in mixed national families. Building on the multicultural identity integration research we were particularly interested whether participants identify with one cultural group over others (categorization), keep their influences separate (compartmentalization) or link their cultural influences (integration) and drivers for each outcome. The results point towards the important role of parents regarding cultural resources and practices. Our results point to categorization, if there is little or no contact to one parent, compartmentalization, if the relationship between parents is conflicted and integration if both parents engage equally in cultural maintenance. Families are the primary socialization unit and our findings suggest that parental commitment to transfer of cultural values and practices impacts the cultural identity configurations. Findings will be discussed in a systemic perspective of identity construal processes. [less ▲]

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See detailTheater und Populismus
Bloch, Natalie UL

Presentation (2021, July 27)

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See detailExposome Boot Camp PubChemLite Lab: Cheminformatics for the Exposome
Schymanski, Emma UL

Presentation (2021, July 23)

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See detailVerringerung des Temperatureinflusses bei der Überwachung von Brücken am Beispiel von Messdaten aus Luxemburg
Kebig, Tanja UL; Dakhili, Khatereh UL; Nguyen, Viet Ha UL et al

Conference given outside the academic context (2021)

A rising number of concrete bridges are showing increasing damage due to corrosion and fatigue. In addition to the regular standard visual inspection, the bridge’s condition can also be recorded using ... [more ▼]

A rising number of concrete bridges are showing increasing damage due to corrosion and fatigue. In addition to the regular standard visual inspection, the bridge’s condition can also be recorded using additional tests with repeated static loading and/or dynamic tests. To determine any damage to a structure and to check its structural stability, it is crucial to know the exact system properties of the bridge in its undamaged reference state. The system behavior is influenced by damage and bearing conditions and environmental influences, such as the structure’s temperature. The influence of temperature can even cause larger changes in the measured quantities (bending line or modal parameters) than real damage. Therefore, temperature effects should be compensated before any condition analysis. The present work aims to demonstrate the influence of different bearing types and temperature on a real bridge beam. For this purpose, various static and dynamic tests were performed in the undamaged reference state. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the Secrecy Capacity of MIMO Wiretap Channels: Convex Reformulation and Efficient Numerical Methods
Mukherjee, Anshu; Ottersten, Björn UL; Tran, Le-Nam

in IEEE Transactions on Communications (2021), 69(10), 6865-6878

This paper presents novel numerical approaches to finding the secrecy capacity of the multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) wiretap channel subject to multiple linear transmit covariance constraints ... [more ▼]

This paper presents novel numerical approaches to finding the secrecy capacity of the multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) wiretap channel subject to multiple linear transmit covariance constraints, including sum power constraint, per antenna power constraints and interference power constraint. An analytical solution to this problem is not known and existing numerical solutions suffer from slow convergence rate and/or high per-iteration complexity. Deriving computationally efficient solutions to the secrecy capacity problem is challenging since the secrecy rate is expressed as a difference of convex functions (DC) of the transmit covariance matrix, for which its convexity is only known for some special cases. In this paper we propose two low-complexity methods to compute the secrecy capacity along with a convex reformulation for degraded channels. In the first method we capitalize on the accelerated DC algorithm which requires solving a sequence of convex subproblems, for which we propose an efficient iterative algorithm where each iteration admits a closed-form solution. In the second method, we rely on the concave-convex equivalent reformulation of the secrecy capacity problem which allows us to derive the so-called partial best response algorithm to obtain an optimal solution. Notably, each iteration of the second method can also be done in closed form. The simulation results demonstrate a faster convergence rate of our methods compared to other known solutions. We carry out extensive numerical experiments to evaluate the impact of various parameters on the achieved secrecy capacity. [less ▲]

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See detailAIGEN: Random Generation of Symbolic Transition Systems
Sakr, Mouhammad UL; Jacobs, Swen

in Sakr, Mouhammad; Jacobs, Swen (Eds.) AIGEN: Random Generation of Symbolic Transition Systems (2021, July 18)

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See detailProbabilisitic limit theorems and the geometry of random fields
Notarnicola, Massimo UL

Doctoral thesis (2021)

The topics presented in this thesis lie at the interface of probability theory and stochastic geometry, with emphasis on the asymptotic study of geometric objects associated with Gaussian random fields ... [more ▼]

The topics presented in this thesis lie at the interface of probability theory and stochastic geometry, with emphasis on the asymptotic study of geometric objects associated with Gaussian random fields defined on manifolds. Such a research stream has been rapidly growing in past years, resulting in a number of developments focussing on local and global geometric quantities. Our principal aim is to discuss probabilistic methods allowing one to deal with the asymptotic fluctuations of volumes of zero sets (also called nodal sets) of Gaussian Laplace eigenfunctions as the eigenvalues diverge to infinity, with a particular focus on the models of Arithmetic Random Waves on the three-dimensional torus and Berry's Random Plane Wave on the two-dimensional Euclidean space. We prove universal variance estimates and non-Gaussian limit theorems for the zero sets of multiple independent Arithmetic Random Waves, complementing several related works in the literature. Our analysis for this builds on an abstract cancellation result applicable to the setting of Gaussian Laplace eigenfunctions on manifolds, yielding in particular a formal description of the so-called Berry's Cancellation Phenomenon observed in various models of random eigenfunctions. For the Berry Random Plane Wave, we prove spatial functional limit theorems for discretized and truncated versions of the nodal length indexed by rectangular domains. Such a contribution yields a basis for proving a fully general functional limit theorem for the nodal length and opens doors to a number of novel probabilistic limit theorems involving semi-local functionals of these nodal length processes. A common technique lying at the core of our arguments for dealing with these tasks is the asymptotic analysis of the Wiener-Itô chaos expansion in Hermite polynomials of such geometric quantities, often allowing one to reduce investigations on Wiener chaoses of lower order. In this context, we discuss properties of generalized Hermite polynomials with matrix arguments, appearing in multivariate statistics and the theory of zonal polynomials. We argue that this family of orthogonal polynomials is particularly effective for deducing chaotic expansions of random variables that are symmetric functionals in the eigenvalues of underlying Gaussian random matrices, notably appearing in different applications dealing with the geometry of random fields. We furthermore present a new characterization of matrix-Hermite polynomials as the eigenfunctions of a generalized Ornstein-Uhlenbeck semigroup on matrix spaces. The above mentioned probabilistic limit theorems originate from the systematic use of the Malliavin-Stein approach on Gaussian spaces, a collection of analytic statements allowing one to deduce probabilistic limit theorems by means of variational techniques. Such a series of results typically emerges from the combination of Stein's method for probabilistic approximations and Malliavin's infinite-dimensional differential calculus. At the end of this thesis, we present preliminary computations yielding variance estimates and Central Limit Theorems for certain non-linear functionals associated with the d-dimensional Berry Random field. Also, we discuss several aspects around optimal convergence rates within Gamma approximations of functionals of Gaussian fields. [less ▲]

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See detailExact thermal properties of free-fermionic spin chains
Białończyk, Michał; Gómez-Ruiz, Fernando Javier; Del Campo Echevarria, Adolfo UL

in SciPost Phys. (2021)

An exact description of integrable spin chains at finite temperature is provided using an elementary algebraic approach in the complete Hilbert space of the system. We focus on spin chain models that ... [more ▼]

An exact description of integrable spin chains at finite temperature is provided using an elementary algebraic approach in the complete Hilbert space of the system. We focus on spin chain models that admit a description in terms of free fermions, including paradigmatic examples such as the one-dimensional transverse-field quantum Ising and XY models. The exact partition function is derived and compared with the ubiquitous approximation in which only the positive parity sector of the energy spectrum is considered. Errors stemming from this approximation are identified in the neighborhood of the critical point at low temperatures. We further provide the full counting statistics of a wide class of observables at thermal equilibrium and characterize in detail the thermal distribution of the kink number and transverse magnetization in the transverse-field quantum Ising chain. [less ▲]

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See detailA Cubesat-ready Phase Synchronization Digital Payload for Coherent Distributed Remote Sensing Missions
Querol, Jorge UL; Merlano Duncan, Juan Carlos UL; Martinez Marrero, Liz UL et al

Poster (2021, July 15)

Distributed antenna arrays, fractionated payloads and cooperative platforms can provide unprecedented performance in the next generation of spaceborne communications and remote sensing systems. Remote ... [more ▼]

Distributed antenna arrays, fractionated payloads and cooperative platforms can provide unprecedented performance in the next generation of spaceborne communications and remote sensing systems. Remote phase synchronization of physically separated oscillators is the first step towards a coherent operation of distributed systems. This work shows the preliminary results of a TDD remote phase synchronization algorithm with a master-follower architecture. Herein, we describe the implementation and validation of the proposed algorithm. The implementation has been conducted in a Cubesat-ready software defined radio and validated at the end-to-end satellite communications testbed available at the University of Luxembourg. [less ▲]

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See detailУНІВЕРСИТЕТ ЛЮКСЕМБУРГА РОЗШУКУЄ ОСТАРБАЙТЕРІВ З ВЕЛИКОЇ ВИСКИ
Ganschow, Inna UL; Usach, Andrii

Article for general public (2021)

Forced laborers (better known as Ostarbeiters) deported from occupied Ukraine during World War II found themselves not only in Germany. About four thousand people were taken to work at industrial ... [more ▼]

Forced laborers (better known as Ostarbeiters) deported from occupied Ukraine during World War II found themselves not only in Germany. About four thousand people were taken to work at industrial facilities in Luxembourg. Among them are more than 100 girls and boys from Kropyvnytskyi and villages of the region, mostly teenagers. [less ▲]

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See detailHybrid Beamforming, User Scheduling, and Resource Allocation for Integrated Terrestrial-Satellite Communication
Peng, Deyi; Bandi, Ashok; Li, Yun et al

in IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology (2021), 70(9), 8868-8882

In this paper, we investigate hybrid beamforming, user scheduling, and resource allocation optimization based on spectrum coexisting forward transmission in integrated terrestrial-satellite network (ITSN ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we investigate hybrid beamforming, user scheduling, and resource allocation optimization based on spectrum coexisting forward transmission in integrated terrestrial-satellite network (ITSN) with the purpose of improving system sum rate and energy efficiency. Considering the limitation of on-board beamforming, a hybrid analog-digital beamforming scheme is designed under the scenario of millimeter wave (mmWave) coexisting in the ITSN framework. Besides, in order to further mitigate intra-beam and inter-beam interference, we propose an adaptive user scheduling scheme, which first determines the cluster center based on adaptive threshold, and then selects users with less channel correlation into a scheduling cluster. Moreover, we model system sum rate maximization problem that incorporates maximum power constrains and minimum data rate requirements. Combined with the aforementioned hybrid beamforming and user scheduling strategy, we formulate the sum rate maximizing problem to a pure power allocation issue. In view of the non-convexity and high complexity, we propose a feasible optimization method based on the minimum mean square error (MMSE) criterion and logarithmic linearization to optimize the power allocation for each user terminal (UT). Simulation results show that our proposed joint beamforming and resource allocation optimization scheduling scheme can achieve an attractive gain in system sum rate and energy efficiency compared with conservative beamforming and allocations. [less ▲]

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See detailDiscovery of the former industrial site in the process of transformation
Cauvin, Thomas UL

Conference given outside the academic context (2021)

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (1 UL)
See detailL'épopée de l'eau : à propos des Lusiades de Camões
Erchadi, Armand UL

Scientific Conference (2021, July 12)

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (2 UL)