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See detailDeep Mining Covid-19 Literature
Sirajzade, Joshgun UL; Bouvry, Pascal UL; Schommer, Christoph UL

in Applied Informatics, 5th International Conference, ICAI 2022, Arequipa, Peru, October 27–29, 2022, Proceedings (2022)

In this paper we investigate how scientific and medical papers about Covid-19 can be effectively mined. For this purpose we use the CORD19 dataset which is a huge collection of all papers published about ... [more ▼]

In this paper we investigate how scientific and medical papers about Covid-19 can be effectively mined. For this purpose we use the CORD19 dataset which is a huge collection of all papers published about and around the SARS-CoV2 virus and the pandemic it caused. We discuss how classical text mining algorithms like Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA) or its modern version Latent Drichlet Allocation (LDA) can be used for this purpose and also touch more modern variant of these algorithms like word2vec which came with deep learning wave and show their advantages and disadvantages each. We finish the paper with showing some topic examples from the corpus and answer questions such as which topics are the most prominent for the corpus or how many percentage of the corpus is dedicated to them. We also give a discussion of how topics around RNA research in connection with Covid-19 can be examined. [less ▲]

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See detailAMBER 22 Reference Manual
Case, David A; Duke, Robert E; Walker, Ross C et al

Book published by University of California (2022)

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See detailFake News. Von Fakten und Fiktionen in Literatur und Medien
Bendheim, Amelie UL; Pavlik, Jennifer

in Bendheim, Amelie; Pavlik, Jennifer (Eds.) Fake News in Literatur und Medien. Fakten und Fiktionen im interdisziplinären Diskurs (2022)

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See detailIs this Change the Answer to that Problem? Correlating Descriptions of Bug and Code Changes for Evaluating Patch Correctness
Tian, Haoye UL; Tang, Xunzhu UL; Habib, Andrew UL et al

in Is this Change the Answer to that Problem? Correlating Descriptions of Bug and Code Changes for Evaluating Patch Correctness (2022)

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See detailIs this Change the Answer to that Problem? Correlating Descriptions of Bug and Code Changes for Evaluating Patch Correctness
Tian, Haoye UL; Tang, Xunzhu UL; Habib, Andrew UL et al

in Is this Change the Answer to that Problem? Correlating Descriptions of Bug and Code Changes for Evaluating Patch Correctness (2022)

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See detailBücherschau
Steveker, Lena UL; Gruss, Susanne

in Shakespeare Jahrbuch (2022)

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See detailA Magnetohydrodynamic enhanced entry system for space transportation: MEESST
Lani, Andrea; Sharma, Vatsalya; Giangaspero, Vincent F. et al

in Journal of Space Safety Engineering (2022)

This paper outlines the initial development of a novel magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) plasma control system which aims at mitigating shock-induced heating and the radio-frequency communication blackout ... [more ▼]

This paper outlines the initial development of a novel magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) plasma control system which aims at mitigating shock-induced heating and the radio-frequency communication blackout typically encountered during (re-)entry into planetary atmospheres. An international consortium comprising universities, SMEs, research institutions, and industry has been formed in order to develop this technology within the MEESST project. The latter is funded by the Future and Emerging Technologies (FET) program of the European Commission’s Horizon 2020 scheme (grant no. 899298). Atmospheric entry imposes one of the harshest environments which a spacecraft can experience. The combination of hypersonic velocities and the rapid compression of atmospheric particles by the spacecraft leads to high-enthalpy, partially ionised gases forming around the vehicle. This inhibits radio communications and induces high thermal loads on the spacecraft surface. For the former problem, spacecraft can sometimes rely on satellite constellations for communicating through the plasma wake and therefore preventing the blackout. On the other hand, expensive, heavy, and non-reusable thermal protection systems (TPS) are needed to dissipate the severe thermal loads. Such TPS can represent up to 30% of an entry vehicles weight, and especially for manned missions they can reduce the cost- efficiency by sacrificing payload mass. Such systems are also prone to failure, putting the lives of astronauts at risk. The use of electromagnetic fields to exploit MHD principles has long been considered as an attractive solution for tackling the problems described above. By pushing the boundary layer of the ionized gas layer away from the spacecraft, the thermal loads can be reduced, while also opening a magnetic window for radio communications and mitigating the blackout phenomenon. The application of this MHD-enabled system has previously not been demonstrated in realistic conditions due to the required large magnetic fields (on the order of Tesla or more), which for conventional technologies would demand exceptionally heavy and power-hungry electromagnets. High-temperature superconductors (HTS) have reached a level of industrial maturity sufficient for them to act as a key enabling technology for this application. Thanks to superior current densities, HTS coils can offer the necessary low weight and compactness required for space applications, with the ability to generate the strong magnetic fields needed for entry purposes. This paper provides an overview of the MEESST project, including its goals, methodology and some preliminary design considerations. [less ▲]

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See detailJack of All Trades - Stolz und Hilflosigkeit
Richter, Daniel UL

in Scuto, Denis; Jaspers, Susanne (Eds.) This Hard Minett Land (2022)

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See detailMarket Regulation and Innovation: Direct and Indirect Effects
Quignon, Aurelien UL

in Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade (2022)

The effects of competition regulations on innovation are, in theory, ambiguous. Using a panel of twenty-five OECD countries over 1995–2015, we estimated how domestic and foreign competition affects ... [more ▼]

The effects of competition regulations on innovation are, in theory, ambiguous. Using a panel of twenty-five OECD countries over 1995–2015, we estimated how domestic and foreign competition affects innovation. Reducing regulation intensifies domestic and foreign competition, increasing R&D expenditure and patenting. Accounting for interaction between these two sources of product market competition, we find that domestic regulation directly led to growing R&D expenditure and patent production, whereas competition from foreign regulation influences innovation toward its effect on domestic competition. [less ▲]

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See detailCommon Universal Meromorphic Functions for Translation and Dilation Mappings
Meyrath, Thierry UL

in Computational Methods and Function Theory (2022), 22(4), 781-798

We consider translation and dilation mappings acting on the spaces of meromorphic functions on the complex plane and the punctured complex plane, respectively. In both cases, we show that there is a dense ... [more ▼]

We consider translation and dilation mappings acting on the spaces of meromorphic functions on the complex plane and the punctured complex plane, respectively. In both cases, we show that there is a dense $G_{\delta}$-subset of meromorphic functions that are common universal for certain uncountable families of these mappings. While a corresponding result for translations exists for entire functions, our result for dilations has no holomorphic counterpart. We further obtain an analogue of Ansari’s Theorem for the mappings we consider, which is used as a key tool in the proofs of our main results. [less ▲]

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See detailAdaptive Resource Allocation for Satellite Illumination Pattern Design
Chen, Lin UL; Lagunas, Eva UL; Lei, Lei et al

in IEEE 96st Vehicular Technology Conference, London-Beijing, Sept. 2022 (2022)

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See detailCloud removal from satellite imagery using multispectral edge-filtered conditional generative adversarial networks
Hasan, Cengis; Horne, Ross James UL; Mauw, Sjouke UL et al

in International Journal of Remote Sensing (2022), 43(5), 1881-1893

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See detailEducação, cultura e inclusão: contextos internacionais e locais
Andersen, Katja Natalie UL; Ferreira da Silva, Brigida Ticiane; de Moraes Novais, Valéria Silva

Book published by Appris (2022)

Education, Culture and Inclusion is the result of a bridge-building effort, in many ways. It builds connections between two different continents, America and Europe, and especially between researchers in ... [more ▼]

Education, Culture and Inclusion is the result of a bridge-building effort, in many ways. It builds connections between two different continents, America and Europe, and especially between researchers in educational sciences from Brazil and Canada on the one side, and from Luxembourg, Germany and Sweden on the other side. The articles treat specific situations that can be observed at school, but also in other contexts like science education in dedicated pedagogical centers. And last but not least, there is a strong link between the description of situations where inclusion is practiced and theoretical reflections on the terms of equality and inclusion. [less ▲]

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See detailInclusive cultures in science education: the case of science learning in Luxembourg
Andersen, Katja Natalie UL; Battello, Nadia; Trap, Guillaume

in Andersen, Katja Natalie; Ferreira da Silva, Brigida Ticiane; de Moraes Novais, Valéria Silva (Eds.) Educação, cultura e inclusão: contextos internacionais e locais (2022)

The publication of the National Action Plans for People with Disabilities (LE GOUVERNEMENT DU GRAND-DUCHÉ DE LUXEMBOURG, 2016; MINISTÈRE DE LA FAMILLE, DE L’INTÉGRATION ET À LA GRANDE RÉGION, 2020) set ... [more ▼]

The publication of the National Action Plans for People with Disabilities (LE GOUVERNEMENT DU GRAND-DUCHÉ DE LUXEMBOURG, 2016; MINISTÈRE DE LA FAMILLE, DE L’INTÉGRATION ET À LA GRANDE RÉGION, 2020) set the political stage for strategies to intensify inclusion in Luxembourg. One area of focus is the right to education for people with disabilities, with the aim of fully developing the personality of all learners, their talents and creativity as well as their mental and physical abilities. This implies offering tasks and materials that take into account the learners’ diverse competencies, experiences, backgrounds, languages and ways of thinking and enable them to acquire knowledge on different learning paths and with diverse learning objectives. In other words, according to the action plans, inclusive education means offering learning opportunities that address the learners at their individual level of competence and support them in their learning linguistically, cognitively and practically. The informal learning setting of the Luxembourg Science Center with its interactive and hands-on activities enables learning at different levels of competence, in different languages and with an orientation toward practical applications. Based on several examples, this chapter discusses how the political intentions called for in the Luxembourg Action Plans for Inclusion can be put into practice. In a first step, the chapter reviews the Luxembourg Action Plans for the implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and identifies actions that support the development of an inclusive culture in science learning for children and youth. Secondly, using selected activities of the Luxembourg Science Center, approaches are outlined for an inclusive education system in science learning that enables the learners to participate in experimentation and to access scientific content. Building on the selected examples, inclusive science learning is described as a process in which learners develop competencies in science through experimenting with materials and through the exchange with others in a way that is sensitive to diversity. This chapter discusses the implications of such an inclusion-sensitive science education in a theoretical (Section 2) and applied (Section 3) reflection, using the informal learning sector as an example. The concluding discussion (Section 4) summarizes the opportunities and difficulties of inclusive science learning, showing that informal and formal education settings complement each other to form a full picture of inclusive science learning. [less ▲]

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See detailLanguage policies in STEM subjects: Inclusion, exclusion and abjection
Andersen, Katja Natalie UL; Bagger, Anette

in Karpava, Sviatlana (Ed.) Multilingualism, Multiculturalism and Inclusive Education (2022)

Language policies are of increasing importance in STEM teaching and learning in school systems, considering the increasing number of pupils who speak other family languages than the teaching language. The ... [more ▼]

Language policies are of increasing importance in STEM teaching and learning in school systems, considering the increasing number of pupils who speak other family languages than the teaching language. The latest PISA results as well as national testings (cf. LUCET & SCRIPT, 2021) have shown that pupils with family languages others than the school language tend to underperform in the STEM subjects. The combination of language policies, the global testing industry and the role of STEM subjects in school systems have been shown to undermine the inclusion of all pupils, especially in regards to language backgrounds. There are signs of systematic exclusion being the result of this. In this chapter we will display the language policies in two national contexts, the Swedish and the Luxembourgish ones, and specifically display issues of in(ex)clusion in relation to multilingualism in STEM teaching. The research question that guides this comparative and problematising endeavor is: What kinds of language policies appear in the STEM subjects and what processes of inclusion, exclusion and abjection does this enhance? The methodology builds on Popkewtiz’s (2013; 2014) approach on politics of schooling. Hence, policy texts are understood as inscription devices that attribute terms, possibilities and characteristics to different kinds of people (Hacking, 1999) and therefore produce norms that function to include social groups while others are absent by omission (Popkewitz, 2013; Valero, 2017). This chapter will unravel such in(ex)clusion processes and abjections by advocating discourse analysis aiming to examine laws and regulations on language use in STEM subjects in Sweden and Luxembourg for indications regarding the discourse on in(ex)clusion. Our results show, first, that different language and multilingualism policies become visible in the STEM documents which exist in the two national contexts. Secondly, this chapter discusses what impacts these policies have on matters of inclusion, exclusion or abjection in STEM teaching contexts at primary schools. [less ▲]

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See detailDoes waste management affect firm performance? International evidence
Derouiche, Imen UL; Gull, Ammar Ali; Atif, Muhammad et al

in Economic Modelling (2022), 114

This study examines an important yet underexplored aspect of firms’ sustainability practices, i.e., waste management, in order to analyze its impact on financial performance. Although the extant ... [more ▼]

This study examines an important yet underexplored aspect of firms’ sustainability practices, i.e., waste management, in order to analyze its impact on financial performance. Although the extant literature has focused on various aspects of sustainability, the impact of waste management, which has disastrous consequences for the climate and firm performance, remains largely unexplored. Thus, using the 2002–2019 data of listed firms from 41 countries, we found a significantly negative (positive) relationship between waste generation (recycling) and financial performance. Our findings are robust to alternative variables, sub-sample analysis, and identification strategies. Moreover, a channel analysis showed that this relationship is influenced by operating costs, ESG performance-based compensation, industry nature, the Paris agreement on climate change, and the global financial crisis. Overall, the findings suggest that environmental initiatives are beneficial for firms and present important policy implications for regulators and firms. [less ▲]

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See detailDigitizing Inclusion in a Changing World: Comparing insights into four European countries for matching new global realities
Andersen, Katja Natalie UL; Vogt, Michaela; Bagger, Anette et al

Scientific Conference (2022)

Inclusion and digitalization are among the driving forces in global discourses on education and learning. These global realities cause extensive transformations at local, national, and international ... [more ▼]

Inclusion and digitalization are among the driving forces in global discourses on education and learning. These global realities cause extensive transformations at local, national, and international levels. At the same time, the goal of inclusion is directly interwoven with local conditions, understandings, and historically grown valuations. The concept oscillates between universally shared norms and highly divergent local implementations. Regarding the focus of the symposium it can be assumed that especially in the course of digitalization as one main reaction of the corona pandemic, learning materials are not only expected to be inclusion oriented but also need to be combinable with digital demands to address alls kinds of inequalities amongst students appropriately. Learning materials thus are a central momentum to expatiate on transformations of a changing world. In correspondence with the congress theme, the symposium will therefore discuss how a reflection on centrifugal forces of interdependence and individuality can be located in the context of the immediate everyday life in schools and educational practice. In order to be able to discuss these tensions and current changes within educational practices starting from learning materials, an anchor point is needed in order to open up the international comparison of local specifics. The anchor point for this symposium is a criteria catalog which enables the international comparison of learning materials in their cultural contexts and provides a visualization of local particularities in the field of learning materials (Vogt et al. 2021). If these results are put into relation with the inclusive landscapes in different countries, further insights of relevance for inclusion as a global topic can be generated. The data basis springs from the ITM project (2018-2021, funded by Erasmus+) and other international collections of material. Speakers with expertise in regard to the triangulation of learning materials, inclusion and digitalization from four European universities (Ostrava, Czech Republic; Bielefeld, Germany; Luxemburg and Örebro, Sweden) present their findings in the symposium, more in-depth talks about national perspectives as well as a concluding wrap up. The following research questions are a guideline for each section of the symposium: 1. What are the local specifics and constellations as well as understandings of inclusion as a global reality that are being mirrored in teaching material? 2. How can the international comparison of teaching material impact the advancement of inclusion on a local level? 3. How can international comparative educational research become a driving force in the productive negotiation of globally relevant tensions? The contributions are methodologically based on group discussions and expert interviews about selected learning materials, their quality and criteria for evaluating them. These exchanges have been evaluated with the qualitative content analysis by Mayring (2015). Discourse analysis and context analysis were applied. Furthermore, source corpora of learning material were developed and materials were examined using a qualitative content analysis. This refers to the ITM project from Luxembourg, Örebro and Bielefeld University (Erasmus funding line, 2018-2021) as well as the contribution by Ostrava University. The material mainly comes from primary school education and takes into account various subjects, e.g. mathematics and natural sciences. By looking at the results of the interviews and the analysis of teaching materials as well as on the findings about the cultural and local conditions the presenters were able to develop a deeper understanding about how learning materials are set up for inclusive learning processes and about the underpinning understanding of inclusion in different cultural settings. This is the needed foundation to contextualize everyday practices of teaching and learning with the demands of education within the digital condition. [less ▲]

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See detailInteroception and the mentalization of bodily states
Schulz, André UL; Tsakiris, Manos

in Alsmith, Adrian J. T.; Longo, Matthew R. (Eds.) The Routledge Handbook of Bodily Awareness (2022)

More than 100 years ago, Sherrington coined the term interoception to denote sensations of endogenous origin arising from visceral organs. Starting from this physiological description of this unique ... [more ▼]

More than 100 years ago, Sherrington coined the term interoception to denote sensations of endogenous origin arising from visceral organs. Starting from this physiological description of this unique sensory system that concerns the internal body, we discuss how the definition of interoception has changed since then to include the role of both sensing and integrating all aspects of the body’s physiological state and motivational needs, with far-reaching effects on a range of cognitive processes. We highlight key developments in psychological sciences and neuroscience that underlie the central role of interoception for body awareness and eventually self-awareness. At the physiological level, interoceptive processes serve the homeostasis of the organism and in more modern predictive coding accounts are key for allostatic processes. At the psychological level interoception is central to our affective experiences and body awareness. Converging evidence from basic science as well as clinical and health psychology and neuropsychiatry suggest that the mentalization of our bodily states that is underpinned by interoception is at the core of our understanding of physical and mental health, self-awareness and social cognition. [less ▲]

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See detailKrichever-Novikov type algebras. A general review and the Genus Zero case
Schlichenmaier, Martin UL

in Hervig, Sigbjorn; Kruglikov, Boris; Markina, Irina (Eds.) et al Geometry, Lie theory and applications (2022)

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (1 UL)