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See detailJudicial review of EU soft law: a revolutionary step which has not fully happened (Case note on BT v. Balgarska Narodna Banka, C-501/18)
Hubkova, Pavlina UL

in Revista General de Derecho Europeo (2021), (55),

In the judgment in case BT v Balgarska Narodna Banka, the Court of Justice of the EU declared, for the first time, invalid a part of a legally non-binding EU act – a recommendation adopted by the European ... [more ▼]

In the judgment in case BT v Balgarska Narodna Banka, the Court of Justice of the EU declared, for the first time, invalid a part of a legally non-binding EU act – a recommendation adopted by the European Banking Authority and addressed to the Bulgarian National Bank. It also confirmed that the referring court deciding upon damages has a duty to take such a recommendation into consideration. Moreover, the individuals in the national proceedings should have a right to rely upon the content of the recommendation even if they are not addressees of such an act. However, when assessed in more detail, the case points out to several interesting aspects related to EU soft law that have not been properly discussed yet. [less ▲]

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See detailBead Width Prediction in Laser Wire Additive Manufacturing Process
Mbodj, Natago Guilé UL; Plapper, Peter UL

in Mbodj, Natago Guilé; Plapper, Peter (Eds.) Bead Width Prediction in Laser Wire Additive Manufacturing Process (2021, October 22)

In laser wire Additive manufacturing (LWAM), the final geometry is produced using layer-by-layer deposition principle of beads. To achieve good geometrical accuracy of the final product, proper ... [more ▼]

In laser wire Additive manufacturing (LWAM), the final geometry is produced using layer-by-layer deposition principle of beads. To achieve good geometrical accuracy of the final product, proper implementation of the bead geometry is essential. The process parameters have a direct influence on the bead geometry, thus to the printed part. In this paper, we propose a bead width prediction model to improve deposition accuracy. A regression algorithm is applied to the experimental results to predict the bead width dimension. Bead prediction equation relating the bead width growth for each layer is obtained for a given set of process parameters. The prediction equations show similar evolution trends and confirm the influence of deposition process parameters on the bead width. The proposed method demonstrates a prospective insight on a more proper selection of process or physical parameter intervening in laser wire additive manufacturing process. [less ▲]

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See detailEarthquakes and Mental Health
Bertinelli, Luisito UL; Mahé, Clotilde; Strobl, Eric

E-print/Working paper (2021)

Earthquakes may seriously deteriorate mental health by generating fear and stress as a result of economic and human losses. However, mental health has also been found to improve as a result of greater ... [more ▼]

Earthquakes may seriously deteriorate mental health by generating fear and stress as a result of economic and human losses. However, mental health has also been found to improve as a result of greater social cohesion in affected communities after the event. We examine the short-run effects of earthquakes on a wide set of mental health outcomes in Ecuador. To this end, we combine hospital admissions, death records, and survey data with precise measures of local seismic activity to exploit the plausibly random spatial and temporal nature of earthquake intensity. We find that damaging earthquakes decrease the propensity to be admitted, the number of days of hospitalisation for mental and behavioural disorders, and deaths due to suicide. Estimates from nationally-representative surveys provide suggestive evidence of increased life satisfaction, trust, and religious observance, and thus provide a possible explanation for the fall in admissions and suicides after an earthquake. [less ▲]

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See detailDiversitéit a Lëtzebuerger Schoulbicher
Spigarelli, Isabel; Adami, Joël; Kerger, Sylvie UL

Speeches/Talks (2021)

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See detailContesting war memories: Parties and voters in contemporary Southeast Europe
Glaurdic, Josip UL; Lesschaeve, Christophe UL; Mochtak, Michal UL

in Party Politics (2021)

Over the past four decades, there has been a proliferation of interest in the causes, consequences, and dynamics of contestation over collective memories across a variety of fields. Unfortunately ... [more ▼]

Over the past four decades, there has been a proliferation of interest in the causes, consequences, and dynamics of contestation over collective memories across a variety of fields. Unfortunately, collective memories—particularly those of traumatic experiences of violence such as wars and revolutions—have been largely absent from party politics research. Using data collected in an expert survey on the policy positions and ideological orientations of all relevant political parties, as well as an extensive survey of more than ten thousand voters in the six post-conflict countries of Southeast Europe, we demonstrate that collective memories of war are not only subjects of historiographical contestation but are also significant sources of ideological and policy differentiation among political parties, as well as one of the strongest determinants of voter choice. Our analysis shows that collective memories are politically contested and that party politics research would benefit from taking them seriously. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment of a large-scale screener for functional vision impairments in early childhood
Monteiro, Sara UL; Esch, Pascale UL; Hipp, Géraldine et al

Scientific Conference (2021, October 21)

Cerebral Visual Impairment (CVI) is a term used to designate a neurological disorder of the visual pathways impacting visual processes at any given level (Lueck et al., 2019). Due to the advances in ... [more ▼]

Cerebral Visual Impairment (CVI) is a term used to designate a neurological disorder of the visual pathways impacting visual processes at any given level (Lueck et al., 2019). Due to the advances in perinatal and medicinal care, CVI’s occurrence has increased significantly over the last years (Chokron & Dutton, 2016). The condition almost always entails aggregated functional vision impairments, i.e., limitations on the use of binocular vision during everyday tasks (Dutton, 2015). CVI can have effects on school achievements if undetected. Early detection is thus key to offer appropriate aids to avoid a negative impact on learning processes. The aim of this project is to develop a large-scale screener at the beginning of formal schooling, to identify functional vision impairments early on. For this reason, a set of items assessing different visual functions will be incorporated into the Luxembourgish school monitoring program. Based on a theoretical model of visual perceptual processing (Humphreys and Riddoch, 1987), we developed timed and non-timed items that can be administered in a large-scale classroom setting which target different stages of visual perceptual processing. Furthermore, we included visual functions connected with both dorsal and ventral streams, visual spatial processing, visual exploration and visual memory. We will present the design of the large-scale screener in relation to the theoretical model, as well as the rationale used to include or exclude various perceptual visual functions in the final test. Furthermore, we will explain the planned data collection and tool validation processes. [less ▲]

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See detailSchulbücher: Weiß, männlich und ohne Behinderung
Spigarelli, Isabel; Kerger, Sylvie UL

Article for general public (2021)

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (1 UL)
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See detailEU Law and the ECT as Distinct and Separate Legal Regimes: A Case Comment on Eskosol v Italy, Decision on Request for Immediate Termination and Jurisdictional Objection Based on the Inapplicability of the ECT to Intra-EU Disputes, 7 May 2019
Happold, Matthew UL

in ICSID Review (2021), 36(2), 278-285

This case comment examines the decision of the tribunal in Eskosol v Italy rejecting the respondent’s jurisdictional objections based on the inapplicability of the Energy Charter Treaty to intra-EU ... [more ▼]

This case comment examines the decision of the tribunal in Eskosol v Italy rejecting the respondent’s jurisdictional objections based on the inapplicability of the Energy Charter Treaty to intra-EU disputes. In particular, it examines the tribunal's construction of a division between EU law and the ECT, emphasizing the separate and distinct characters of the two regimes, with the twin ambitions of making intra-EU arbitration under the ECT less objectionable from an EU law perspective while maintaining the autonomy of ECT arbitral tribunals. Whether the tribunal's first objective is feasible, however, is doubted and the extent to which intra-EU arbitration under the ECT has a future questioned. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Past Web as Heritage: Practices, Challenges and Uses of Web Archives
Schafer, Valerie UL

Scientific Conference (2021, October 20)

Detailed reference viewed: 81 (3 UL)
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See detailThe Future of Living with AI
Schommer, Christoph UL

Speeches/Talks (2021)

This talk, which was part of a 2-hour panel and delivered as a 20-minute presentation without slides, came at the invitation of the Luxembourg Embassy in Brussels, Belgium. The speech is a statement and ... [more ▼]

This talk, which was part of a 2-hour panel and delivered as a 20-minute presentation without slides, came at the invitation of the Luxembourg Embassy in Brussels, Belgium. The speech is a statement and part of the International Symposium "The Future of Living", supported by EUNIC - EU National Institutes of Culture. The event was under the patronage of the Slovenian Presidency of the European Parliament. In the lecture, I briefly presented some selected ideas, observations, and examples on the symposium topic as well as my view of a future living together. [less ▲]

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See detailChemical contamination of the sea – (management of the knowns and) Research on the unknowns
Schymanski, Emma UL

Scientific Conference (2021, October 20)

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See detailThoughts on the efficient implementation of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union by the Member States
Politis, Alexandros UL

Speeches/Talks (2021)

Speech given at the Greek Ministry of Justice conference on 20.10.2021 entitled “The application of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union by the Member States – A useful legal tool for ... [more ▼]

Speech given at the Greek Ministry of Justice conference on 20.10.2021 entitled “The application of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union by the Member States – A useful legal tool for the protection of citisens’ rights” in the framework of the Conference on the Future of Europe. [less ▲]

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See detailLongitudinal Assessment of Physical Activity, Fitness, Body Composition, Immunological Biomarkers, and Psychological Parameters During the First Year After Diagnosis in Women With Non-Metastatic Breast Cancer: The BEGYN Study Protocol
Zemlin, Cosima; Stuhlert, Caroline; Schleicher, Julia Theresa et al

in Frontiers in Oncology (2021), 11

Background: Moderate physical activity is associated with an improved prognosis and psychosocial outcome in breast cancer patients. Although exercise and physical activity are associated with multiple ... [more ▼]

Background: Moderate physical activity is associated with an improved prognosis and psychosocial outcome in breast cancer patients. Although exercise and physical activity are associated with multiple physiological and psychological effects, many of the underlying mechanisms remain obscure. The BEGYN study (Influence of physical activity in breast cancer patients on physiological and psychological parameters and on biomarkers) aims at identifying potential associations between the extent of physical activity, fitness, body composition, immunological biomarkers, psycho-emotional parameters, and the course of treatment during the first year after diagnosis of breast cancer. Methods: The prospective observational BEGYN study will include 110 non-metastatic breast cancer patients. The patients will be assessed during a base line visit prior to the initiation of the antineoplastic therapy and after 3, 6, 9 and 12 months. The physical activity will be measured using a fitness tracker and a self-assessment diary during the entire study. Each visit will include the assessment of (i) cardiorespiratory fitness measured by spiroergometry, (ii) body composition, (iii) psycho-emotional parameters (quality of life, mental health, fatigue, depression, distress, anxiety, well-being), and (iv) extensive blood tests including routine laboratory, vitamin D, selenium and immunologically relevant biomarkers (e.g., leukocyte subpopulations and cytokine profiles). Discussion: Whereas most studies investigating the influence of physical activity in breast cancer patients focus on specific activities for three months or less, the BEGYN study will quantify the daily physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness of breast cancer patients based on objective measurements in the context of the oncological therapy for 12 months after diagnosis. The study will reveal potential associations between exercise, immune status and physical as well as psycho-emotional outcome and the clinical course of the disease. Moreover, complementary therapies such as Vit D and Selenium supplementation and parameters investigating the motivation of the patients are part of the study. Due to this holistic approach, the BEGYN study will guide towards confirmatory studies on the role of physical activity in breast cancer patients to develop individualized counselling regarding the recommended type and extent of exercise. [less ▲]

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See detailItalian migration in Luxembourg and in the Greater Region
Cicotti, Claudio UL

Presentation (2021, October 19)

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (2 UL)
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See detailInvesting in Crises
Penasse, Julien UL

Presentation (2021, October 19)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (0 UL)
See detailResilienz und Wohlbefinden älterer Menschen in der COVID-19 Pandemie
Albert, Isabelle UL

Presentation (2021, October 18)

Ältere Erwachsene galten ungeachtet der großen Heterogenität dieser Altersgruppe während der COVID-19-Pandemie als Risikogruppe. Während eine Reduzierung der persönlichen Kontakte vor allem in den ersten ... [more ▼]

Ältere Erwachsene galten ungeachtet der großen Heterogenität dieser Altersgruppe während der COVID-19-Pandemie als Risikogruppe. Während eine Reduzierung der persönlichen Kontakte vor allem in den ersten Monaten der Pandemie notwendig war, um das Virus einzudämmen und vulnerable Personen vor Ansteckung zu schützen, wurden schnell Bedenken hinsichtlich der sekundären Auswirkungen dieser Maßnahmen auf das subjektive Wohlbefinden geäußert. Der vorliegende Beitrag befasst sich damit, wie ältere Erwachsene die COVID-19 Pandemie und die damit verbundenen Einschränkungen selbst erlebten. Dabei wird Bezug auf zwei Studien genommen, die 2020 in Luxemburg durchgeführt wurden – CRISIS und PAN-VAL. Ziel des vom FNR finanzierten CRISIS-Projekts war es, herauszufinden, wie ältere Erwachsene (60+) in Luxemburg die Sicherheitsmaßnahmen und deren Kommunikation an die Öffentlichkeit während der ersten Monate der Pandemie erlebten. Dabei wurden Daten von unabhängig lebenden Personen zu zwei Messzeitpunkten (N = 611 im Juni und N = 523 im Oktober 2020) erhoben sowie N = 84 Personen in Altersheimen befragt. Die vom Ministerium für Familie und Integration geförderte Studie PAN-VAL befasste sich mit dem aktiven Altern von Luxemburgern und Nicht-Luxemburgern. Im Dezember 2020 wurden N = 1000 in Luxemburg lebende Personen ab 50 Jahre befragt, wobei neben der Lebenszufriedenheit, dem sozialen Eingebundensein und gemeinschaftlichen Aktivitäten auch das Erleben von Einsamkeit vor und seit der Corona-Pandemie erfasst wurde. Die vorliegenden Analysen konzentrieren sich auf die selbstberichtete Resilienz, Einsamkeitserleben und subjektives Wohlbefinden älterer Menschen sowie auf deren Bedingungsfaktoren während der Pandemie. [less ▲]

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See detailEffective Review in the Age of Information: The Case-study of Semi-automated Decision-making based on Schengen Information System
Demkova, Simona UL

Doctoral thesis (2021)

The speed with which the EU employs automation in large-scale informational cooperation is unparalleled by the attention devoted to the adjustment of the corresponding system of legal protection ... [more ▼]

The speed with which the EU employs automation in large-scale informational cooperation is unparalleled by the attention devoted to the adjustment of the corresponding system of legal protection. Illustrated with the case study of the Schengen Information System, yet as manifested across broader policy areas, the EU's determination to exploit the benefits of information technologies by rendering them ever smarter, fast and efficient, eventually puts to a test the Union’s fundamental values and principles. The technological progress affects not only the European constitutional promise of effective judicial protection but also of good administration. The drive to revolutionise decision-making takes a sway on the very act of deciding, rendering it an ever-more ‘automatised’ behaviour. Against this backdrop, the thesis addresses the research question: to what extent are supervisory authorities able to ensure effective protection to individuals against decisions taken based on large-scale informational cooperation, in light of the challenges arising from technological innovation, namely automation, for the exercise of effective review. The thesis offers a holistic assessment of the existing and novel challenges to effective account-giving and enforcement of individual rights in the EU multilevel system in view of contributing to the debate on the impacts of technological progress on the legal position of private persons. The assessment shows that ex post enforcement of rights is fundamentally weakened where established jurisdictional limits prevent addressing the multijurisdictional and cross-border conduct underpinning data-driven decision-making. Legal protection instead increasingly depends on the array of additional safeguards, including ex ante legal protection through the judicial authorisation or regular monitoring of the automated support systems. Their existence alone, however, does not uphold the constitutional promise of effective judicial protection. The quest to strengthen the available ex post review mechanisms needs to be addressed as the absolute priority in order to balance the magnitude of power exerted by means of automation on both public conduct and private lives. [less ▲]

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See detailThroughput Enhancement in FD- and SWIPT-enabled IoT Networks over Non-Identical Rayleigh Fading Channel
Nguyen, Nhat Tan; Tran Dinh, Hieu UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in IEEE Internet of Things Journal (2021)

Simultaneous wireless information and power transfer (SWIPT) and full-duplex (FD) communications have emerged as prominent technologies in overcoming the limited energy resources in Internet-of-Things ... [more ▼]

Simultaneous wireless information and power transfer (SWIPT) and full-duplex (FD) communications have emerged as prominent technologies in overcoming the limited energy resources in Internet-of-Things (IoT) networks and improving their spectral efficiency (SE). The article investigates the outage and throughput performance for a decode-and-forward (DF) relay SWIPT system, which consists of one source, multiple relays, and one destination. The relay nodes in this system can harvest energy from the source’s signal and operate in FD mode. A suboptimal, low-complexity, yet efficient relay selection scheme is also proposed. Specifically, a single relay is selected to convey information from a source to a destination so that it achieves the best channel from the source to the relays. An analysis of outage probability (OP) and throughput performed on two relaying strategies, termed static power splitting-based relaying (SPSR) and optimal dynamic power splitting-based relaying (ODPSR), is presented. Notably, we considered independent and non-identically distributed (i.n.i.d.) Rayleigh fading channels, which pose new challenges in obtaining analytical expressions. In this context, we derived exact closed-form expressions of the OP and throughput of both SPSR and ODPSR schemes. We also obtained the optimal power splitting ratio of ODPSR for maximizing the achievable capacity at the destination. Finally, we present extensive numerical and simulation results to confirm our analytical findings. Both simulation and analytical results show the superiority of ODPSR over SPSR. [less ▲]

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See detailJongen a Meedercher ginn an de Schoulbicher ongläich duergestallt
Kinsch, Fanny; Kerger, Sylvie UL

Speeches/Talks (2021)

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (3 UL)