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See detailGegenstand, Entwicklungen und Forschungsfelder der Trans Studies
de Silva, Adrian UL

in Gradinari, Irina (Ed.) (Re-)Visionen: Epistemologien, Ontologien und Methodologien der Geschlechterforschung (in press)

The article introduces the reader to the dynamic and interdisciplinary field of Trans Studies with a focus on the development of the field in Germany. For this purpose, the article addresses socio ... [more ▼]

The article introduces the reader to the dynamic and interdisciplinary field of Trans Studies with a focus on the development of the field in Germany. For this purpose, the article addresses socio-political and theoretical contexts from which Trans Studies emerged, the impact of these intellectual influences as well as the methodological orientation and realization in individual studies, and it contains an overview of central fields of Trans Studies research as they have developed until 2021. [less ▲]

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See detailVon Objekt- und Meta-Ebenen: Analyse der Softwareanforderungen computergestützter juristischer Entscheidungen
Adrian, Axel; Rapp, Max; Steen, Alexander UL

in Recht DIGITAL – 25 Jahre IRIS, Proceedings of the International Legal Informatics Symposium (IRIS 2022) (in press)

Die Interpretation und Anwendung von Gesetzestexten auf einem konkreten Lebenssachverhalt erfordert von menschlichen Experten ein hohes Maß an Wissen, Erfahrung und die Fähigkeit zahlreiche kontextuelle ... [more ▼]

Die Interpretation und Anwendung von Gesetzestexten auf einem konkreten Lebenssachverhalt erfordert von menschlichen Experten ein hohes Maß an Wissen, Erfahrung und die Fähigkeit zahlreiche kontextuelle Überlegungen anzustellen. Die Formalisierung und Automatisierung solch eines Prozesses in einem computergestützten Verfahren muss dies entsprechend reflektieren. Ausgehend von einer Fallstudie werden in dieser Arbeit erforderliche juridische Schritte der Rechtsanwendung identifiziert und verschiedenen Objekt- und Meta-Ebenen zugeordnet. Diese Zuordnung erlaubt eine abstrakte Analyse von Softwareanforderungen, die juristische Assistenzsysteme erfüllen müssen, um bei juristischen Fallentscheidungen unterstützen zu können. [less ▲]

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See detailMutation Analysis for Cyber-Physical Systems: Scalable Solutions and Results in the Space Domain
Cornejo Olivares, Oscar Eduardo UL; Pastore, Fabrizio UL; Briand, Lionel UL

in IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (in press)

On-board embedded software developed for spaceflight systems (space software) must adhere to stringent software quality assurance procedures. For example, verification and validation activities are ... [more ▼]

On-board embedded software developed for spaceflight systems (space software) must adhere to stringent software quality assurance procedures. For example, verification and validation activities are typically performed and assessed by third party organizations. To further minimize the risk of human mistakes, space agencies, such as the European Space Agency (ESA), are looking for automated solutions for the assessment of software testing activities, which play a crucial role in this context. Though space software is our focus here, it should be noted that such software shares the above considerations, to a large extent, with embedded software in many other types of cyber-physical systems. Over the years, mutation analysis has shown to be a promising solution for the automated assessment of test suites; it consists of measuring the quality of a test suite in terms of the percentage of injected faults leading to a test failure. A number of optimization techniques, addressing scalability and accuracy problems, have been proposed to facilitate the industrial adoption of mutation analysis. However, to date, two major problems prevent space agencies from enforcing mutation analysis in space software development. First, there is uncertainty regarding the feasibility of applying mutation analysis optimization techniques in their context. Second, most of the existing techniques either can break the real-time requirements common in embedded software or cannot be applied when the software is tested in Software Validation Facilities, including CPU emulators and sensor simulators. In this paper, we enhance mutation analysis optimization techniques to enable their applicability to embedded software and propose a pipeline that successfully integrates them to address scalability and accuracy issues in this context, as described above. Further, we report on the largest study involving embedded software systems in the mutation analysis literature. Our research is part of a research project funded by ESA ESTEC involving private companies (GomSpace Luxembourg and LuxSpace) in the space sector. These industry partners provided the case studies reported in this paper; they include an on-board software system managing a microsatellite currently on-orbit, a set of libraries used in deployed cubesats, and a mathematical library certified by ESA. [less ▲]

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See detailTowards a European strategy to address the COVID-19 pandemic
Priesemann, V.; Balling, Rudolf UL; Bauer, S. et al

in The Lancet (in press)

How will the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic develop in the coming months and years? Based on an expert survey, we examine key aspects that are likely to influence the COVID-19 pandemic in ... [more ▼]

How will the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic develop in the coming months and years? Based on an expert survey, we examine key aspects that are likely to influence the COVID-19 pandemic in Europe. The challenges and developments will strongly depend on the progress of national and global vaccination programs, the emergence and spread of variants of concern (VOCs), and public responses to non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs). In the short term, many people remain unvaccinated, VOCs continue to emerge and spread, and mobility and population mixing are expected to increase. Therefore, lifting restrictions too much and too early risk another damaging wave. This challenge remains despite the reduced opportunities for transmission given vaccination progress and reduced indoor mixing in summer 2021. In autumn 2021, increased indoor activity might accelerate the spread again, whilst a necessary reintroduction of NPIs might be too slow. The incidence may strongly rise again, possibly filling intensive care units, if vaccination levels are not high enough. A moderate, adaptive level of NPIs will thus remain necessary. These epidemiological aspects combined with economic, social, and health-related consequences provide a more holistic perspective on the future of the COVID-19 pandemic. [less ▲]

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See detailValues-Based Territorial Food Networks (VTFN): An overarching concept representing the diverse perspectives of sustainable and ethical transitions of Alternative Food Networks – be they Local Food Systems, Civic Food Networks or Short Food Supply Chains
Reckinger, Rachel UL

in Sociologia Ruralis (in press)

This article proposes a comparative literature review of the concepts Local Food Systems (LFS), Short Food Supply Chains (SFSC), Civic Food Networks (CFN) and Alternative Food Networks (AFN) – converging ... [more ▼]

This article proposes a comparative literature review of the concepts Local Food Systems (LFS), Short Food Supply Chains (SFSC), Civic Food Networks (CFN) and Alternative Food Networks (AFN) – converging into the umbrella-term Values-Based Territorial Food Networks (VTFN). Based on the analysis of the specificities and shortcomings in the four concepts, VTFN aims to enhance conceptual clarity. The current coexistence of the concepts conceals their structural and systemic commonalities – relevant for understanding pathways to ethical and sustainable food system transformations. Taking a closer look at unsolved issues and ambiguities of AFNs (subdivided into LFS, SFSC and CFNs), VTFN offers a more overarching, and pragmatic, concept. It qualifies the claimed ‘alternativeness’ of AFNs affirmatively through the dimensions of social, economic, environmental and governance ‘sustainability values’ and through varying constellations of ‘territoriality’. Thus, it fosters integrated scientific dialogue about a conceptual determination of emerging networks of food system transitions worldwide. [less ▲]

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See detailMarital Patterns and Income Inequality
Dupuy, Arnaud UL; Weber, Simon

in Economica (in press)

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See detailPerceptual approaches to the study of German
Purschke, Christoph UL

in Bousquette, Joshua; Pickl, Simon (Eds.) The Oxford Handbook of the German Language (in press)

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See detailA Note on the Estimation of Job Amenities and Labor Productivity
Dupuy, Arnaud UL; Galichon, Alfred

in Quantitative Economics (in press)

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See detailLife Satisfaction and the Human Development Index Across the World
Yin, Remi UL; Lepinteur, Anthony UL; Clark, Andrew et al

in Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology (in press)

We use annual data on over 150 countries between 2005 and 2018 to look at the relationship between subjective well-being (both cognitive and affective) and the Human Development Index (HDI). The HDI ... [more ▼]

We use annual data on over 150 countries between 2005 and 2018 to look at the relationship between subjective well-being (both cognitive and affective) and the Human Development Index (HDI). The HDI appears to be more closely related to cognitive than affective well-being. We also consider the relationships between the three HDI components (the Income, Health and Education Indices) and well-being, and find that, on average, the Income Index has the strongest predictive power. Importantly, we find that the three HDI components only matter equally in Western and rich countries. Our analysis contributes to the discussion about cultural sensitivity in paradigms of societal development in two ways. We first show that differences in preferences towards development aims exist. Second, we propose a weighting procedure for a culturally-sensitive version of the HDI. [less ▲]

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See detailPrenatal exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals is associated with altered DNA methylation in cord blood
Mattonet, Katharina; Nowack-Weyers, Nikola; Vogel, Vanessa et al

in Epigenetics (in press)

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See detailWell-being and working from home during COVID-19
Schifano, Sonia UL; Clark, Andrew; Greiff, Samuel UL et al

in Information Technology and People (in press)

Purpose – The authors track the well-being of individuals across five European countries during the course of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and relate their well-being to working from ... [more ▼]

Purpose – The authors track the well-being of individuals across five European countries during the course of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and relate their well-being to working from home. The authors also consider the role of pandemic-policy stringency in affecting well-being in Europe. Design/methodology/approach – The authors have four waves of novel harmonised longitudinal data in France, Italy, Germany, Spain and Sweden, covering the period May–November 2020. Well-being is measured in five dimensions: life satisfaction, a worthwhile life, loneliness, depression and anxiety. A retrospective diary indicates whether the individual was working in each month since February 2020 and if so whether at home or not at home. Policy stringency is matched in per country at the daily level. The authors consider both cross- section and panel regressions and the mediating and moderating effects of control variables, including household variables and income. Findings – Well-being among workers is lower for those who work from home, and those who are not working have the lowest well-being of all. The panel results are more mitigated, with switching into working at home yielding a small drop in anxiety. The panel and cross-section difference could reflect adaptation or the selection of certain types of individuals into working at home. Policy stringency is always negatively correlated with well-being. The authors find no mediation effects. The well-being penalty from working at home is larger for the older, the better-educated, those with young children and those with more crowded housing. Originality/value – The harmonised cross-country panel data on individuals’ experiences during COVID-19 are novel. The authors relate working from home and policy stringency to multiple well-being measures. The authors emphasise the effect of working from home on not only the level of well-being but also its distribution. [less ▲]

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See detailModeling Data Protection and Privacy: Application and Experience with GDPR
Torre, Damiano UL; Alferez, Mauricio UL; Soltana, Ghanem UL et al

in Software and Systems Modeling (in press)

In Europe and indeed worldwide, the Gen- eral Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) provides pro- tection to individuals regarding their personal data in the face of new technological developments. GDPR is ... [more ▼]

In Europe and indeed worldwide, the Gen- eral Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) provides pro- tection to individuals regarding their personal data in the face of new technological developments. GDPR is widely viewed as the benchmark for data protection and privacy regulations that harmonizes data privacy laws across Europe. Although the GDPR is highly ben- e cial to individuals, it presents signi cant challenges for organizations monitoring or storing personal infor- mation. Since there is currently no automated solution with broad industrial applicability, organizations have no choice but to carry out expensive manual audits to ensure GDPR compliance. In this paper, we present a complete GDPR UML model as a rst step towards de- signing automated methods for checking GDPR compli- ance. Given that the practical application of the GDPR is infuenced by national laws of the EU Member States,we suggest a two-tiered description of the GDPR, generic and specialized. In this paper, we provide (1) the GDPR conceptual model we developed with complete trace- ability from its classes to the GDPR, (2) a glossary to help understand the model, (3) the plain-English de- scription of 35 compliance rules derived from GDPR along with their encoding in OCL, and (4) the set of 20 variations points derived from GDPR to specialize the generic model. We further present the challenges we faced in our modeling endeavor, the lessons we learned from it, and future directions for research. [less ▲]

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See detailIncome-related health inequality in urban China (1991-2015): The role of homeownership and housing conditions
Peng, Nie; Clark, Andrew; d'Ambrosio, Conchita UL et al

in Health and Place (in press)

Unprecedented economic growth has been experienced over the several decades worldwide, but such rapid economic growth wasn’t accompanied by equally-substantial improvement in health, especially health ... [more ▼]

Unprecedented economic growth has been experienced over the several decades worldwide, but such rapid economic growth wasn’t accompanied by equally-substantial improvement in health, especially health inequalities between the rich and poor. This study examines the role of housing in income-related health inequalities (income-health gradient) in urban China. We here analyze 1991-2015 China Health and Nutrition Survey data to ask how housing affects income-related health inequalities in urban China. We find pro-poor inequalities in self-reported bad health but pro-rich inequalities in objective bad health (general overweight/obesity, central obesity and high blood pressure). Housing conditions serve to reduce the health gradient, especially for objective health. On the contrary, homeownership exacerbates the health gradient. Improving housing conditions thus appears to be an effective way of reducing the income-health gradient in urban China. [less ▲]

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See detailUrbanicity, behavior problems and HPA axis regulation in preschoolers
Effenberger, Pauline; Send, Tabea; Gilles, Maria et al

in Psychoneuroendocrinology (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (1 UL)
See detailComparative administrative law in the EU: the integration function and its limits
Mendes, Joana UL

in Bartl, Marija; Lawrence, Jessica (Eds.) The Politics of European Legal Research. Behind the Method (in press)

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See detailInstitutionalism and Comparative Administrative Law Beyond the Liberal State: Extrapolations from Santi Romano as seen by D’Alberti
Mendes, Joana UL

in VV., AA. (Ed.) Liber Amicorum Marco D’Alberti (in press)

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See detailUnpacking Tourism in the Cold War: International Tourism and Commercialism in Socialist Romania, 1960s-1980s
Stefan, Oana Adelina UL

in Contemporary European History (in press)

The role of market oriented tourist policies in the planned economies of socialist Eastern Europe has been long overlooked. This article examines how the socialist regime in Romania moved from sheer ... [more ▼]

The role of market oriented tourist policies in the planned economies of socialist Eastern Europe has been long overlooked. This article examines how the socialist regime in Romania moved from sheer ideological rhetoric to commercialism and market-driven strategies when promoting Romania as a tourist destination in the ‘West’ between the 1960s and the 1980s. It argues that there was a continual shifting between using tourism as an ideological tool and a certain pragmatism that was needed to turn Romania into a desirable tourist destination. [less ▲]

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See detailProcedural Principles
Hofmann, Herwig UL

in Ziegler, Katja (Ed.) General Principles of EU Law, Oxford University Press (in press)

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See detailThe DLT Sandbox under the Pilot-Regulation
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL; Woxholth, Jannik Per UL

in Capital Markets Law Journal (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (1 UL)