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See detailPartnership and cognitive aging in Europe: Mediating factors and social stratification
Bertogg, Ariane; Leist, Anja UL

in Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences (2021)

Objectives. Living in a partnership has been shown to benefit later life health in general and decrease the risk of cognitive impairment. Few studies have, however, examined whether different types of ... [more ▼]

Objectives. Living in a partnership has been shown to benefit later life health in general and decrease the risk of cognitive impairment. Few studies have, however, examined whether different types of partnership transitions also differ with respect to their impact on cognitive trajectories, and whether financial resources, health behaviors, cognitive stimulation and social integration can explain these differences. Methods. Data came from six waves of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe, which is a representative panel for the population aged 50 years or older, and was collected between 2004 and 2017 in 20 European countries. Our sample includes 213,023 valid person-year observations from 81,814 persons. Mean age at baseline is 63.86 years, and individuals were observed on average 2.6 times. Cognitive functioning was assessed with measures of immediate and delayed recall on a memory test, and verbal fluency. Fixed-effects regression models were employed to exploit individual-level variation in partnership and simultaneous cognitive changes. Results. Partnership status was stable in most respondents (around 90%). Compared to remaining partnered and after controlling for socio-demographic factors, transition to divorce was associated with a steeper decline in immediate and delayed recall. Exploring possible mechanisms, both financial resources and social integration explained these differences. Additional analyses suggested that effects were mostly driven by individuals with lower education. Discussion. Partnership transitions remain infrequent events in later life, but our findings indicate that they can induce less favorable cognitive trajectories compared to partnered individuals, particularly for those with lower cognitive reserve. [less ▲]

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See detailGestaltungsspielraum der EU-Mitgliedstaaten bei Einschränkungen der Dienstleistungsfreiheit - Beispiel der Beschränkung regionaler Werbung im Fernsehen durch den Medien-staatsvertrag mit dem Ziel der Förderung der Medienvielfalt
Cole, Mark David UL

in AfP - Zeitschrift für das gesamte Medienrecht (2021), 51(1),

Deutsches Rundfunkrecht sieht ein Verbot regionaler Werbung im bundesweit verbreiteten Fernsehen vor. Der einschlägige (frühere) § 7 Abs. 11 RStV ist im Hinblick auf seine Vereinbarkeit mit EU-Recht ... [more ▼]

Deutsches Rundfunkrecht sieht ein Verbot regionaler Werbung im bundesweit verbreiteten Fernsehen vor. Der einschlägige (frühere) § 7 Abs. 11 RStV ist im Hinblick auf seine Vereinbarkeit mit EU-Recht Gegenstand eines Verfahrens vor dem Gerichtshof der Europäischen Union (EuGH). Das Verfahren berührt auch die grundsätzlichere Frage des Handlungsspielraums der EU-Mitgliedstaaten insbesondere im Bereich der Sicherung des Medienpluralismus und der Nachprüfung durch den EuGH. Die Unionrechtskonformität der nationalen Vielfaltssicherungsvorschrift, die sich auch im Medienstaatsvertrag weiterhin findet, wird wie in diesem Beitrag auch durch den Generalanwalt in seinen Schlussanträgen bestätigt. [less ▲]

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See detailDie Beteiligung privater Rundfunkveranstalter an einer staatlich veranlassten Finanzierung - Eine Untersuchung möglicher Unterstützungsmaßnahmen auf ihre Vereinbarkeit mit dem deutschen Rundfunkverfassungs- und EU-Beihilfenrecht
Cole, Mark David UL

in UFITA - Archiv für Medienrecht und Medienwissenschaft (2021), 84(2),

Die Corona-Pandemie hat wie in einem Brennglas zweierlei für den Mediensektor gezeigt: einerseits die Wichtigkeit der Medien für die Information der Bürger (was an deutlich gestiegenen Nutzungszahlen von ... [more ▼]

Die Corona-Pandemie hat wie in einem Brennglas zweierlei für den Mediensektor gezeigt: einerseits die Wichtigkeit der Medien für die Information der Bürger (was an deutlich gestiegenen Nutzungszahlen von Qualitätsmedien ablesbar ist) und andererseits, bedingt durch die erheblichen wirtschaftlichen Folgen etwa wegen ausbleibender Werbeeinnahmen, die Schwierigkeiten für bestimmte Inhalteanbieter eine nachhaltige finanzielle Stabilität aufzuweisen. Als Konsequenz wurden verschiedene Instrumentarien auf mitgliedstaatlicher und EU-Ebene eingeführt, um die negativen Folgen abzumildern. Solche Formen von Unterstützungsleistungen werden im Beitrag daraufhin untersucht, ob sie grundsätzlich mit rundfunkverfassungsrechtlichen Bedingungen in Deutschland sowie dem einschlägigen EU-Beihilfenrecht vereinbar sind. Der Beitrag basiert auf einem Gutachten, in dem die Autoren lange vor der Pandemie umfassend untersucht haben und zu einem bejahenden Ergebnis kommen, ob private Rundfunkveranstalter an einer staatlich veranlassten Finanzierung teilhaben könnten und wie bei der Einführung eines solchen Instrumentariums, das rundfunkverfassungsrechtlich möglich, aber de lege lata nach aktuellem Medienstaatsvertrag als Regelmaßnahme nicht durchführbar wäre, die Rahmenbedingungen auszugestalten wären. Neben der ausführlichen Anwendung der relevanten Urteile des Bundesverfassungsgerichts auf eine solche Konstellation, enthält der Beitrag aus akutellem Anlass auch eine kurze Darstellung der ersten medienbezogenen Beihilfeentscheidung der Kommission für ein Förderprogramm, das von Dänemark ausdrücklich zur Abwendung von Nachteilen eingeführt wurde, die der dortige Mediensektor als Resultat staatlicher Vorsorgemaßnahme erlitten hat. [less ▲]

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See detailWhich Factors Play a Role in Coco Issuance? Evidence from European Banks.
Wolff, Christian UL

E-print/Working paper (2021)

This paper explores empirically the reasons why some banks issue Contingent Convertible Bonds while others do not. For this purpose we use a binary logistic model and control for the determinants ... [more ▼]

This paper explores empirically the reasons why some banks issue Contingent Convertible Bonds while others do not. For this purpose we use a binary logistic model and control for the determinants suggested by the literature on optimal capital structure which considers four drivers of capital structure: corporate taxes, costs of financial distress, agency costs and asymmetric information.. Our findings suggest that the banks with bigger size and those with higher Tier 1 capital, higher net loans, higher wholesale funding, lower level of leverage and lower risk weighted assets have a higher tendency to issue CoCos. Our results also suggest that banks in countries with higher annual growth rate of GDP per capita and those listed as G-SIBs are more likely to issue CoCos. [less ▲]

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See detailAgency and the school-to-work transition of care leavers: A retrospective study of Luxembourgish young people
Göbel, Sabrina; Hadjar, Andreas UL; Karl, Ute et al

in Children and Youth Services Review (2021), early online

This article presents empirical results from a study (2015–2018) on young people leaving care in Luxembourg. A special focus deals with the processes of transitioning from care to work. Education appears ... [more ▼]

This article presents empirical results from a study (2015–2018) on young people leaving care in Luxembourg. A special focus deals with the processes of transitioning from care to work. Education appears to be crucial for a successful transition, as it determines life chances, such as labour market chances, but so far inequality studies have neither researched transitions from care nor have the theoretical concepts developed in inequality research been used to understand the situation of care leavers. They might help to explain the different mechanisms behind the disadvantages of students in foster and residential care and their educational attainment. This paper thus attempts to theorise leaving care from an inequality perspective and the interdependencies with concepts of relational agency, taking into account the heterogeneity among care leavers, their trajectories and achievements (see also Göbel, Hadjar, Karl, Peters, & Jäger, 2020). The main objective of our analysis is to investigate how agency is achieved in the transition from school to work among care leavers, taking into consideration institutional pathways (continuities and discontinuities) in the care and the educational system. [less ▲]

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See detailCloturing Deliberation
Anesi, Vincent UL; Safronov, Mikhail

E-print/Working paper (2021)

We study how the institutional arrangements for ending deliberation --- the "cloture rules" --- interact with collective learning to affect the outcomes of decision making in committees. In contrast to ... [more ▼]

We study how the institutional arrangements for ending deliberation --- the "cloture rules" --- interact with collective learning to affect the outcomes of decision making in committees. In contrast to much of the previous literature on deliberative commit tees, this paper makes a distinction between the final votes over policy proposals and the cloture votes that bring them about. Using this approach, we explore how cloture rules influence the course of deliberation, the likelihood of inefficient deliberative outcomes, the circumstances surrounding failures to bring proposals to a final vote, and the distribution of power among committee members in the deliberative process. We also use our simple model to examine the issue of the stability of cloture rules, characterizing the rules that no coalition of committee members is able or willing to overturn. We show in particular that all cloture rules are dynamically stable. [less ▲]

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See detailLes Clubs des Cinéastes Amateurs des Années 60 dans le Contexte transnational de la Grande Région
Wack, Julia UL

Presentation (2021, February)

«Ambitious Amateurs» vise à enquêter sur le soi-disant goût de masse à travers le prisme de la pratique culturelle participative du tournage dans les longues années 1960. Les cinéastes étaient des ... [more ▼]

«Ambitious Amateurs» vise à enquêter sur le soi-disant goût de masse à travers le prisme de la pratique culturelle participative du tournage dans les longues années 1960. Les cinéastes étaient des consommateurs d'un média qu'ils co-créaient eux-mêmes. Ils produisaient pour un cercle de pairs, respectivement pour obtenir la reconnaissance des professionnels. La forme esthétique de ces films et genres, l'excès de sens, ainsi que les idéaux politiques moraux représentent les axes centraux de l'analyse. En outre, les relations entre les membres du club et leurs activités dans les associations faîtières nationales ainsi que les contextes de rencontres transnationales (par exemple l'UNICA, fondée en 1937) doivent être davantage observés. Celui-ci sera exécuté sur les exemples de clubs et de lieux sélectionnés au Luxembourg, en Belgique, en France et en Allemagne. Outre la recherche d'archives et l'histoire orale, les documents cinématographiques eux-mêmes sont la pièce maîtresse de l'analyse. Le sujet est particulièrement pertinent pour la culture générale et l'histoire des médias, en raison de l'évolution historique des tendances à la censure et à l'autocensure concernant la permissivité sexuelle, le militantisme politique ou les déclarations religieuses dans les années 1960. Celles-ci seront liées à la question de l'américanisation, respectivement du rejet de cette dernière dans le discours des créateurs de films européens et de la presse d'actualité. La comparaison internationale facilitera en outre l'affichage des spécificités nationales et des diverses temporalités au sein de l'Europe (occidentale). Simultanément, une possibilité de concevoir certains développements transnationaux potentiels - également au-delà du «rideau de fer» - sera générée. [less ▲]

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See detailAdaptive Content Seeding for Information-Centric Networking under High Topology Dynamics: Where You Seed Matters
Turcanu, Ion UL; Engel, Thomas UL; Sommer, Christoph

in IEEE Vehicular Technology Magazine (2021), 16(2),

High-fidelity content distribution and other emerging applications of 5G and beyond-5G mobile broadband networking can put massive load on the core and Radio Access Network (RAN). To address this, direct ... [more ▼]

High-fidelity content distribution and other emerging applications of 5G and beyond-5G mobile broadband networking can put massive load on the core and Radio Access Network (RAN). To address this, direct Device to Device (D2D) communication has recently become a first-class citizen of these networks. While Information-Centric Vehicular Networking (ICVN) based on fog computing can indeed exploit such D2D links to alleviate the load on the RAN by proactively seeding content in the network, it has been shown that such seeding can cause even more load if performed where not needed. In addition, trying to determine where to seed content often causes additional load, negating the benefit of seeding. In this work, we therefore propose to adaptively seed fog nodes based on a purely virtual clustering approach. Here, vehicles are unaware of clustering decisions, thus no longer requiring an explicit exchange of control messages. We show that the benefit of such an adaptive approach goes beyond simply being able to flexibly trade off performance metrics versus each other: instead, it can consistently lower the load on the RAN link. We also show that this property even holds if node location information is only available as coarsely-grained as macro-scale grid cells. [less ▲]

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See detailSecondary school principals and liminality in Polish Upper Silesia (1919-1939)
Venken, Machteld UL

in Journal of Modern European History (2021)

Establishing and implementing rules that would teach young people to become active citizens became a crucial technique for turning those spots on the map of Europe whose sovereignty had shifted after ... [more ▼]

Establishing and implementing rules that would teach young people to become active citizens became a crucial technique for turning those spots on the map of Europe whose sovereignty had shifted after World War I into lived social spaces. This article analyses how principals of borderland secondary schools negotiated transformation in Polish Upper Silesia with the help of Arnold Van Gennep’s notion that a shift in social statuses possessed a spatiality and temporality of its own. The article asks whether and how school principals were called on to offer elite training that would make Polish Upper Silesia more cohesive with the rest of Poland in terms of the social origins of pupils and the content of the history curriculum. In addition, it examines the extent to which borderland school principals accepted, refuted, or helped to shape that responsibility. The social origins of pupils are detected through a quantitative analysis of recruitment figures and the profiles of pupils’ parents. This analysis is combined with an exploration of how school principals provided a meaningful explanation of the recent past (World War I and the Silesian Uprisings). The article demonstrates that while school principals were historical actors with some room to make their own decisions when a liminal space was created, changed, and abolished, it was ultimately a priest operating in their shadows who possessed more possibilities to become a master of ceremonies leading elite education through its rites of passage. [less ▲]

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See detailSchule und soziale Ungleichheit
Deppe, Ulrike; Hadjar, Andreas UL

in Hascher, Tina; Idel, Till-Sebastian; Helsper, Werner (Eds.) Handbuch Schulforschung (2021)

Die Bedeutung der Schule als Bildungsinstitution nahm mit der Einführung der Schulpflicht im 18. und 19. Jahrhundert in vielen Regionen Europas zu. Aus der Industrialisierung in den europäischen Ländern ... [more ▼]

Die Bedeutung der Schule als Bildungsinstitution nahm mit der Einführung der Schulpflicht im 18. und 19. Jahrhundert in vielen Regionen Europas zu. Aus der Industrialisierung in den europäischen Ländern ergab sich einerseits die Notwendigkeit der Alphabetisierung der breiten Bevölkerung und andererseits – im Zuge der zunehmenden Arbeitsteilung sowie Trennung von Erwerbs- und Reproduktionssphäre – die Kinder während der Arbeitszeit der Eltern zu betreuen. Infolgedessen entwickelte sich seit dem ausgehenden 19. Jahrhundert mit etlichen Vorläufern ein differenziertes staatlich geregeltes Bildungs- und Betreuungssystem. Bildung begann somit als Alphabetisierungs- und Betreuungsnotwendigkeit und höhere Bildung blieb bis in die Weimarer Republik (und teilweise bis in die Anfänge der Bundesrepublik im westlichen Teil Deutschlands) meist nur Jungen und Männern aus bürgerlichen und wohlhabenden Familien vorbehalten. Erst im Zuge der Modernisierungsprozesse des 20. Jahrhunderts wandelte sich Schulbildung zu einem Allgemeingut. Im Zuge der „Bildungsexpansion“, dem Ausbau von Bildungseinrichtungen und einer zunehmenden Bildungsnachfrage, die auch mit einer differenzierten Ausbildung und Qualifikation von Personal einherging, ist Schulbildung notwendige Voraussetzung für alle folgenden Qualifikationen in der Berufs- ebenso wie der Hochschulbildung geworden. Seitdem hat sich die Schule als wichtiges gesellschaftliches Subsystem etabliert und neben den eingangs erwähnten anfänglichen Aufgaben übernimmt Schule bedeutsame Funktionen für den Fortbestand der Gesellschaft. Schule hat sich nicht nur zu einer Bildungsanstalt, sondern auch zu einem Berechtigungswesen entwickelt, das Bildungschancen zuweist, die zentrale Voraussetzungen für den späteren Berufserwerb, Status, Einkommen sind. Letztere Aspekte sind wiederum mit weiteren Lebenschancen eng verknüpft, zum Beispiel politischer Partizipation, Gesundheit und Lebenserwartung. Im Folgenden wird der Beitrag nach begrifflich-theoretischen Bestimmungen von sozialer Ungleichheit und Bildungsungleichheit auf historische Meilensteine der Schulforschung eingehen. Anschließend werden zentrale Themen und Befunde der aktuellen Schulforschung zur sozialen Ungleichheit – von Merkmalen von Schüler*innen auf der individuellen Ebene über Lehrpersonen und Elternhaus hin zu Schulkulturen, Schüler*innenkomposition und Bildungssystem auf höheren Analyseebenen – in sechs Abschnitten näher ausgeführt. Zum Schluss geben wir einen Ausblick auf Trends und Desiderate. [less ▲]

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See detailLooking for the `Best and Brightest': Hiring difficulties and high-skilled foreign workers
Raux, Morgan UL

E-print/Working paper (2021)

This paper studies the complementarity between domestic and foreign skilled workers. It develops a simple model where employers seek to recruit a foreign worker when finding domestic workers takes more ... [more ▼]

This paper studies the complementarity between domestic and foreign skilled workers. It develops a simple model where employers seek to recruit a foreign worker when finding domestic workers takes more time. This paper confirms the predictions of the model. I rely on a within-firm within-occupation identification strategy to compare recruitment decisions made by a given employer for similar positions that differ in job posting duration. To identify this relationship, I have collected and assembled a new and original dataset at the job level. I match online job postings to administrative data on labor condition applications (LCAs) submitted as the first step in applying for H-1B temporary skilled worker visas. I find that employers are 28 percent more likely to submit an LCA when the job posting duration is one standard deviation longer. I provide evidence suggesting that this phenomenon is due to insufficient domestic labor supply in these occupations. [less ▲]

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See detailA Typical Case Report: Internet Gaming Disorder Psychotherapy Treatment in Private Practice
Niedermoser, Daryl Wayne; Hadjar, Andreas UL; Ankli, Vivian et al

in International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (2021), 18(4),

Background: Online or internet gaming disorder (IGD) is currently not recognized as a mental disorder in the actual Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), although it is an ... [more ▼]

Background: Online or internet gaming disorder (IGD) is currently not recognized as a mental disorder in the actual Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), although it is an emerging disease. Non-substance-related addictions often have similarities with substance addictions. It is therefore important to have a good understanding of the client but also to have a good endurance. Due to the rise of e-sports, there is an anticipated and therefore possible trend to have many more patients with a non-substance addiction. There are many parallels, for instance tolerance, withdrawal and social problems, resulting from an increasing investment of time spent on the internet. Case presentation: To reduce possible inhibition in treating a patient with IGD, we present a case of a 19-year-old adolescent man who exhibited IGD and showed social problems associated with his addiction. Conclusions: This paper shows the importance and the effects of treating a non-substance addiction with cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). After having successfully coped with an addiction, several shifts in addiction were often reported. In this case, no shifts were reported. The absence of such shifts makes our case a distinct and unique case. This is not a multimorbidity case, and that is the reason why we think this is an excellent example to show what we achieved, how we achieved it, and what we could establish. Of course, additional research and manuals are urgently needed. [less ▲]

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See detailNein to ‘Transfer Union’: the German brake on the construction of a European Union fiscal capacity
Howarth, David UL; Schild, Joachim

in Journal of European Integration (2021), 43(2), 207-224

This paper argues that, on the development of European Union (EU)/Eurozone fiscal capacity German governments have consistently engaged in foot-dragging. Few German state elites have ever supported ... [more ▼]

This paper argues that, on the development of European Union (EU)/Eurozone fiscal capacity German governments have consistently engaged in foot-dragging. Few German state elites have ever supported European fiscal capacity building beyond the EC budget. Following the outbreak of the Eurozone sovereign debt crisis, German governments agreed to the creation of financial support mechanisms only with reluctance. We see a case of continuity in German policy preferences driven by consistent ordoliberal and, specifically, moral hazard concerns. The important longterm change that we can observe relates to the growing importance for successive governments of avoiding audience costs driven by sceptical public opinion and the rise of a challenger party in German politics. German government support for a massive EU fiscal response to the economic crisis triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic demonstrates an exceptional policy position in favour of temporary financial mechanisms involving no fiscal transfers among member state governments. [less ▲]

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See detailComment expliquer les reforms du secteur financier en Europe : acteurs, idées ou institutions
Howarth, David UL

in Saurugger, Sabine; Hassenteufel, Patrick (Eds.) Les Politiques Publiques dans la Crise (2021)

This chapter presents an analysis of the public policies carried out in Europe to regulate the financial sector over the pas fifteen years, focusing notably on the role of financial sector and government ... [more ▼]

This chapter presents an analysis of the public policies carried out in Europe to regulate the financial sector over the pas fifteen years, focusing notably on the role of financial sector and government actors, while considering the role of ideas and institutional frameworks. The concern for financial sector stabilization and reinforced supervision in the aftermath of the crisis has led to the adoption of various European-level and national regulations. Competitive pressures within a highly internationalized sector, as well as the many possibilities for regulatory arbitrage, have justified the use of international and, at least, EU-level financial sector control mechanisms. This chapter demonstrates that the crises from which the EU suffered from 2007 led to a rupture in policies and power relations between public and private actors. The strengthening of supervision and supranational supervision is the direct consequence, and resulted in the creation of the three European authorities (EBA, EIOPA and ESMA), and above all the creation of the Single Supervisory Mechanism (SSM) and the transfer of supervisory powers over the euro zone's largest banks to the European Central Bank. The possibility of inadequate national supervision — a situation in which national public authorities ignore or accept the problems of national banks for various reasons — has thus been reduced. The effect of Basel III (international capital guidelines) is also felt on the activities and organization of large banks, encouraged to limit their high-risk activities. Most of the major European banks have reduced, or are in the process of reducing, their balance sheets. Yet to speak of a paradigm shift in the approach of the governments of major European countries, or even the European Commission, to financial regulation is premature. The constraints imposed on the financial sector, apart from the banks, have only partially increased. As a result of the Banking Union, the overall influence of banks has probably diminished at the national level, at least with regard to banking supervision. However, the ongoing weakness of bank regulation in many areas — for example, the weakness or absence of bank structural reform in all European countries with the exception of the United Kingdom — demonstrates ongoing bank influence. Moreover, other financial sector actors continue to be under-regulated and, arguably, insufficiently supervised. [less ▲]

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See detailLe retour du corps refoulé
Becker, Katrin UL

in Esprit. Revue Internationale (2021)

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See detailMobility-Driven and Energy-Efficient Deployment of Edge Data Centers in Urban Environments
Vitello, Piergiorgio UL; Capponi, Andrea UL; Fiandrino, Claudio UL et al

in IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Computing (2021)

Multi-access Edge Computing (MEC) brings storage and computational capabilities at the edge of the network into so-called Edge Data Centers (EDCs) to better support low-latency applications. In this paper ... [more ▼]

Multi-access Edge Computing (MEC) brings storage and computational capabilities at the edge of the network into so-called Edge Data Centers (EDCs) to better support low-latency applications. In this paper, we tackle the problem of EDC deployment in urban environments. Previous research on mobile phone data has exposed a strong correlation between the demand for mobile communications and the urban tissue. For example, joint analysis of mobile data and vehicle traffic can be extrapolated to estimate demand for transportation and human activities, thereby inferring the land use of the area where such activities take place. Our work takes into account the mobility of citizens and their spatial patterns to estimate the optimal placement of MEC EDCs in urban environments, in order to minimize outages while guaranteeing energy-efficiency. This is achieved by modeling both the energy consumption attributed to network components (e.g., base stations) and computing components (e.g., servers). We propose and compare three heuristics and show that mobility-aware deployments achieve superior performance. The results are obtained with a custom-designed simulator able to operate over large-scale realistic urban environments. [less ▲]

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See detailCity-states in relational urbanization: the case of Luxembourg and Singapore
Wong, Catherine; Hesse, Markus UL; Sigler, Thomas UL

in Urban Geography (2021)

Post-industrial global urbanisation has seen the rise of territorial economic development strategies predicated on reconfiguring the urban landscape to conform to novel forms of economic production, often ... [more ▼]

Post-industrial global urbanisation has seen the rise of territorial economic development strategies predicated on reconfiguring the urban landscape to conform to novel forms of economic production, often under the guise of ‘global city’ development. This paper reorients the conversation on global city development by highlighting the intermediary roles that particular cities play in brokering flows of global knowledge, goods, and capital through novel spatial-economic configurations. We identify a sub-set of city-states characterized by territorial economic development strategies that are exemplary of ‘relational’ processes. Luxembourg and Singapore serve as illustrative cases in which urban territorial development is guided almost entirely by an exogenous orientation benefitting from an intermediary positionality. They focus on intermediary services supported by technologically intensive infrastructures and niche economic strategies enables a relational competitive advantage. Although all cities are in some way ‘relational’ in their politico-economic orientation, these extraordinary cases highlight a number of novel concurrent socio-spatial processes. We conclude that a combination of forward-looking and unconventional ‘relational’ territorial development strategies including digital infrastructures and entrepreneurial legislation support the emergence of novel industrial configurations whose key advantages are conferred by their positionality in relation to regional and global flows. [less ▲]

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See detailS4F Podcast: Postwachstumsökonomie
Schulz, Christian UL

Speeches/Talks (2021)

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See detailAddressing COVID through PCD: policy coherence for vulnerability in development and its relationship to the coronavirus pandemic
Moldes-Anaya, Sergio; Koff, Harlan UL; da Porto, Angelica UL et al

in Equality, Diversity and Inclusion (2021)

This analysis frames vulnerability as a socially constructed condition and through implementation of a PCD approach, it indicates how policy strategies contribute to or mitigate vulnerabilities. In doing ... [more ▼]

This analysis frames vulnerability as a socially constructed condition and through implementation of a PCD approach, it indicates how policy strategies contribute to or mitigate vulnerabilities. In doing so, it intends to contribute conceptually to the literature on vulnerability by showing how policy incoherences contribute to the construction of this condition. Empirically, the originality of this article is its statistical analysis of regional variance of coronavirus risk and the qualitative analysis of policy strategies in representative cases and how they have affected vulnerabilities and coronavirus impacts. The research shows that significant regional variance exists in terms of coronavirus risk, based on statistical analysis of the INFORM COVID-19 Risk Report prepared by the European Commission. The PCD analysis highlights important relationships between public policy strategies and the construction of both underlying vulnerabilities and coronavirus impacts. [less ▲]

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