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See detailEnhancing CoAP Group Communication to Support mMTC Over Satellite Networks
Soua, Ridha UL; Palattella, Maria Rita UL; Stemper, André UL et al

in IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC) (2020, June)

Massive MTC (mMTC) is one of the application scenarios that upcoming 5G networks are expected to support. Satellites come into play in mMTC to complement and extend terrestrial networks in under-served ... [more ▼]

Massive MTC (mMTC) is one of the application scenarios that upcoming 5G networks are expected to support. Satellites come into play in mMTC to complement and extend terrestrial networks in under-served areas, where several services can benefit from the adoption of a group communication model. The IETF has specifically standardized the usage of CoAP group communication. However, CoAP responses are still sent in unicast from each single CoAP server to the CoAP client, which results in a substantial traffic load. Such problem becomes more severe in integrated IoT-Satellite networks given the limited bandwidth of the satellite return channel and the large number of IoT devices in a mMTC scenario. To reduce network traffic overhead in group communication and improve the network responsiveness, this paper proposes an aggregation scheme for the CoAP group communication in combination with Observer pattern and proxying. Results obtained by using the openSAND emulator and CoAPthon library corroborate the merit of our optimization in terms of overhead reduction and delay. [less ▲]

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See detailSecurity and Performance Implications of BGP Rerouting-resistant Guard Selection Algorithms for Tor
Mitseva, Asya UL; Aleksandrova, Marharyta UL; Engel, Thomas UL et al

in Security and Performance Implications of BGP Rerouting-resistant Guard Selection Algorithms for Tor (2020, May)

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See detailSDN-based Misbehavior Detection System for Vehicular Networks
Boualouache, Abdelwahab UL; Soua, Ridha UL; Engel, Thomas UL

in 2020 IEEE 91st Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC2020-Spring) (2020, May)

Vehicular networks are vulnerable to a variety of internal attacks. Misbehavior Detection Systems (MDS) are preferred over the cryptography solutions to detect such attacks. However, the existing ... [more ▼]

Vehicular networks are vulnerable to a variety of internal attacks. Misbehavior Detection Systems (MDS) are preferred over the cryptography solutions to detect such attacks. However, the existing misbehavior detection systems are static and do not adapt to the context of vehicles. To this end, we exploit the Software-Defined Networking (SDN) paradigm to propose a context-aware MDS. Based on the context, our proposed system can tune security parameters to provide accurate detection with low false positives. Our system is Sybil attack-resistant and compliant with vehicular privacy standards. The simulation results show that, under different contexts, our system provides a high detection ratio and low false positives compared to a static MDS. [less ▲]

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See detailBacAnalytics: A Tool to Support Secondary School Examination in France
Roussanaly, Azim; Aleksandrova, Marharyta UL; Boyer, Anne

in 25th International Symposium on Intelligent Systems (ISMIS 2020) (2020, May)

Students who failed the final examination in the secondary school in France (known as baccalauréat or baccalaureate) can improve their scores by passing a remedial test. This test consists of two oral ... [more ▼]

Students who failed the final examination in the secondary school in France (known as baccalauréat or baccalaureate) can improve their scores by passing a remedial test. This test consists of two oral examinations in two subjects of the student's choice. Students announce their choice on the day of the remedial test. Additionally, the secondary education system in France is quite complex. There exist several types of baccalaureate consisting of various streams. Depending upon the stream students belong to, they have different subjects allowed to be taken during the remedial test and different coefficients associated with each of them. In this context, it becomes difficult to estimate the number of professors of each subject required for the examination. Thereby, the general practice of remedial test organization is to mobilize a large number of professors. In this paper, we present BacAnalytics - a tool that was developed to assist the rectorate of secondary schools with the organization of remedial tests for the baccalaureate. Given profiles of students and their choices of subjects for previous years, this tool builds a predictive model and estimates the number of required professors for the current year. In the paper, we present the architecture of the tool, analyze its performance, and describe its usage by the rectorate of the Academy of Nancy-Metz in Grand Est region of France in the years 2018 and 2019. BacAnalytics achieves almost 100% of prediction accuracy with approximately 25% of redundancy and was awarded a French national prize Impulsions 2018. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalyzing PeerFlow -- A Bandwidth Estimation System for Untrustworthy Environments
Mitseva, Asya UL; Engel, Thomas UL; Panchenko, Andriy

in Analyzing PeerFlow -- A Bandwidth Estimation System for Untrustworthy Environments (2020, March)

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (1 UL)
See detailThe Promise and Peril of Digital Research in Yiddish: An Interview with Gerben Zaagsma
Hoffenberg, Elena; Zaagsma, Gerben UL

Diverse speeches and writings (2020)

It seemed fitting to break away from a conference bringing together American and European scholars and researchers working on digital humanities for an old-fashioned face-to-face conversation about ... [more ▼]

It seemed fitting to break away from a conference bringing together American and European scholars and researchers working on digital humanities for an old-fashioned face-to-face conversation about Yiddish. During a conference on Digital Hermeneutics at the German Heritage Institute in Washington, DC, I sat down to talk with Gerben Zaagsma, who is an assistant professor at the Centre for Contemporary and Digital History at the University of Luxembourg. In addition to being the author of the book Jewish Volunteers, the International Brigades and the Spanish Civil War (2017), Zaagsma is the curator of the invaluable online collection of links to all things Yiddish, yiddish-sources.com. In this interview, he talks about his chance encounter with Yiddish that started him on the path to studying klezmer music and the Spanish Civil War. While researching a book on an event with global and long-lasting reverberations, he encountered the potency and the frustrations of digital research. Finally, Zaagsma looks to the future of digital studies and Yiddish. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Impact of Forced Answering and Reactance on Answering Behavior in Online Surveys
Sischka, Philipp UL; Décieux, Jean Philippe; Mergener, Alexandra et al

in Social Science Computer Review (2020)

Forced answering (FA) is a frequent answer format in online surveys that forces respondents to answer each question in order to proceed through the questionnaire. The underlying rationale is to decrease ... [more ▼]

Forced answering (FA) is a frequent answer format in online surveys that forces respondents to answer each question in order to proceed through the questionnaire. The underlying rationale is to decrease the amount of missing data. Despite its popularity, empirical research on the impact of FA on respondents’ answering behavior is scarce and has generated mixed findings. In fact, some quasi-experimental studies showed that FA has detrimental consequences such as increased survey dropout rates and faking behavior. Notably, a theoretical psychological process driving these effects has hitherto not been identified. Therefore, the aim of the present study was twofold: First, we sought to experimentally replicate detrimental effects of FA on online questionnaire data quality. Second, we tried to uncover an explanatory psychological mechanism. Specifically, we hypothesized that FA effects are mediated through reactance. Zero-order effects showed that FA increased state reactance and questionnaire dropout as well as reduced answer length in open-ended questions. Results of survival and mediation analyses corroborate negative FA effects on data quality and the proposed psychological process. [less ▲]

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See detailUsing judge biographies together with the CJEU's archives
Fritz, Vera UL

Presentation (2020, February 20)

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See detailImproving the understanding of binge-watching behavior: An exploration of its underlying psychological processes
Flayelle, Maèva UL

Doctoral thesis (2020)

The advent of the digital age with its progress in on-demand viewing technology has been associated in recent years with a dramatic increase in binge-watching (i.e., watching multiple episodes of TV ... [more ▼]

The advent of the digital age with its progress in on-demand viewing technology has been associated in recent years with a dramatic increase in binge-watching (i.e., watching multiple episodes of TV series in one session), to the point that this practice has now become the new normative way to consume TV shows. Nevertheless, along with its massive rise has come concerns about the associated mental and physical health outcomes, with initial studies even assuming its addictive nature. At a time when the psychological investigation of this behavior was only in its infancy, the current PhD thesis, therefore, aimed at improving the understanding of binge-watching, by clarifying the psychological processes involved in its development and maintenance. To this end, six empirical studies were conducted along two main research axes: 1) the conceptualization and assessment of binge-watching behaviors, and 2) the exploration of binge-watchers’ psychological characteristics. Study 1 consisted of a preliminary qualitative exploration of the phenomenological characteristics of binge-watching. Capitalizing on these pilot findings, Study 2 reported on the development and psychometric validation of two assessment instruments, measuring TV series watching motivations (“Watching TV Series Motives Questionnaire”, WTSMQ) and binge-watching engagement and symptoms (“Binge-Watching Engagement and Symptoms Questionnaire”, BWESQ). Finally, Study 3 aimed at cross-culturally validating the WTSMQ and BWESQ in nine languages (i.e., English, French, Spanish, Italian, German, Hungarian, Persian, Arabic, Chinese). Subsequent to this first line of investigation, Study 4 then explored potential binge-watchers’ subtypes by taking into consideration three key psychological factors, i.e. motivations for binge-watching, impulsivity traits, and emotional reactivity. Study 5 consisted of a pre-registered experimental study aimed at ascertaining differences on behavioral and self-reported impulsivity in non-problematic and problematic binge-watchers. Finally, Study 6 carried out the first systematic review of literature on binge-watching correlates. Beyond providing two theoretically and psychometrically sound binge-watching measures that may enable widespread expansion of international research on the topic, this doctoral research also allowed for important insights into the heterogeneous and complex nature of binge-watching, as well as into the understanding of its underlying psychological mechanisms. Centrally, by revealing that high – but healthy – and problematic engagement in binge-watching are underlined by distinct motivational and dispositional psychological processes, the overall findings of this PhD thesis bring an alternative etiological comprehension of problematic binge-watching as a maladaptive coping or emotional regulation strategy to deal with negative affect states. [less ▲]

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See detailPublic Hearings in Investor-State Treaty Arbitration: Revisiting the Principle
Harvey Geb. Koprivica, Ana UL

Doctoral thesis (2020)

This thesis examines the scope, role and contemporary application of the traditional principle of public hearings, with a particular focus on the specific dispute resolution system of investor-state ... [more ▼]

This thesis examines the scope, role and contemporary application of the traditional principle of public hearings, with a particular focus on the specific dispute resolution system of investor-state arbitration. Whereas there have been extensive discussions in recent years surrounding developments which aim to increase the procedural openness and transparency of this traditionally private dispute resolution system, the emergence of a distinct requirement of holding public hearings in such contexts has not yet been given much attention. This thesis seeks to provide a better understanding of public hearings in investment treaty arbitration. By going beyond the usual narrative of the legitimacy and policy objectives of transparency, a more systematic and comprehensive approach to the issue of public hearings in investor-state arbitration is adopted. In addressing existing gaps in the literature, this thesis contends that current developments related to the principle of public hearings should not be analysed as a phenomenon specific to investor-state arbitration, but should instead be analysed within the broader context of the analogous developments at both the domestic and international level. In conducting such an investigation, this thesis situates the debate surrounding public hearings in investment treaty arbitration within a broader legal landscape, encompassing both national and international courts and tribunals. By examining the evolution of public hearings, it is argued that a steady shift in the understanding of the principle of public hearings over time may be detected. Public hearings have gone from serving merely as a means of protecting the individual from the secrecy and arbitrariness of the state, to becoming a democratic tool which the public is entitled to use not only in order to monitor and evaluate the administration of justice, but also as a platform for facilitating further public debate. In other words, the thesis demonstrates a shift in the understanding of the principle of public hearings from being a mere right of an individual to be heard in an open court, to the (additional) right of the general public to have an insight into what goes on in the courtroom and the active duty of the courts to ensure that this right is respected. This latter aspect of the principle of public hearings is subject to comparative analysis which examines the normative and practical solutions adopted by national and international courts when applying the principle of public hearings. While detecting a divergent legal landscape when it comes to providing public access to hearings, this thesis reveals a general trend towards greater regulation of the ways in which the public may obtain such access. What is more, it shall be shown that, in an era of expanded media coverage of public hearings, the subsequent enlargement of the audiences for such hearings, and the possibility to instantly disseminate information about proceedings through various technologies creates new paths for procedural openness and new challenges for the courts. Based on the findings of this comparative analysis, the thesis argues that it is not only the principle of public hearings which has been renewed and transformed. In seeking to adapt to the principle, the procedures in which the principle of public hearings operates have also started to change. This comparative analysis then forms the basis upon which a critical analysis and in-depth assessment is provided within the context of public hearings in investor-state arbitration. From a more “dispute-oriented” perspective, the thesis looks into the considerations and challenges that ought to be taken into account by arbitral tribunals and parties when organising a public hearing. By not losing sight of the implications for the system as a whole, however, the thesis addresses the future impact that the introduction of public hearings into the system investor-state arbitration may have on that system and, notably, upon its procedures. The key finding here is that the increasing relevance of public hearings in investor-state arbitration constitutes merely one part of the overall evolution of the “public” dimension of the requirement of public hearings. When taking these developments together, the thesis concludes that the debate on what constitutes a truly public hearing has entered a new epoch, with new actors and new challenges. [less ▲]

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See detailTerminologisch gesichert, musikalisch gerechtfertigt? Das „Sinfonische“ und das „Philharmonische“ im Blasmusikwesen
Sagrillo, Damien UL

in Sagrillo, Damien (Ed.) Kongressbericht Wadgassen, Deutschland 2018 (2020)

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See detailKongressbericht Wadgassen, Deutschland 2018
Sagrillo, Damien UL

Book published by Lit (2020)

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See detailLe complot judéo-maçonnique en 7 minutes top chrono
Meyers, Christian UL

Conference given outside the academic context (2020)

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (0 UL)
See detailThe Digital Archive and the Politics of Digitisation
Zaagsma, Gerben UL

Presentation (2020, February 13)

This paper deals with a question that is becoming increasingly important for historians who work with digitised cultural heritage: what are the politics of digitisation and what are its implications for ... [more ▼]

This paper deals with a question that is becoming increasingly important for historians who work with digitised cultural heritage: what are the politics of digitisation and what are its implications for historical research? Is the often-lauded democratising potential of digitisation also offset by risks, inherent in selection processes that might privilege the digitisation of heritage corresponding to existing national master narratives, the availability of funding and/or the priorities set by cultural policies and certain research agendas? How does transnational heritage fit into this picture when most digitisation projects are, in one way or another, nationally framed? What biases can digital archives introduce in our work and how does that differ from issues of bias and selection in the ‘paper’ archive? In discussing these questions, I will provide a couple of examples before emphasising the importance of more transparency in this regard and the need for guidelines about how digital archives are constituted. A key point to highlight is that professional historians can and should be more open to learn from the experience of digital archivists and librarians who are at the forefront of the digital turn in heritage work. [less ▲]

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See detailNew opportunities by laser joining of dissimilar materials
Plapper, Peter UL

Scientific Conference (2020, February 13)

The presentation gives an overview about research projects at UL related to laser welding of dissimilar materials. Literature reference at the end enables the reader to dig deeper in case some specific ... [more ▼]

The presentation gives an overview about research projects at UL related to laser welding of dissimilar materials. Literature reference at the end enables the reader to dig deeper in case some specific projects are of interest. [less ▲]

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See detailExcess of singleton loss-of-function variants in Parkinson's disease contributes to genetic risk.
Bobbili, Dheeraj Reddy; Banda, Peter UL; Krüger, Rejko UL et al

in Journal of Medical Genetics (2020)

Background Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder with complex genetic architecture. Besides rare mutations in high-risk genes related to monogenic familial forms of PD, multiple ... [more ▼]

Background Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder with complex genetic architecture. Besides rare mutations in high-risk genes related to monogenic familial forms of PD, multiple variants associated with sporadic PD were discovered via association studies. Methods We studied the whole-exome sequencing data of 340 PD cases and 146 ethnically matched controls from the Parkinson’s Progression Markers Initiative (PPMI) and performed burden analysis for different rare variant classes. Disease prediction models were built based on clinical, non-clinical and genetic features, including both common and rare variants, and two machine learning methods. Results We observed a significant exome-wide burden of singleton loss-of-function variants (corrected p=0.037). Overall, no exome-wide burden of rare amino acid changing variants was detected. Finally, we built a disease prediction model combining singleton loss-of-function variants, a polygenic risk score based on common variants, and family history of PD as features and reached an area under the curve of 0.703 (95% CI 0.698 to 0.708). By incorporating a rare variant feature, our model increased the performance of the state-of-the-art classification model for the PPMI dataset, which reached an area under the curve of 0.639 based on common variants alone. Conclusion The main finding of this study is to highlight the contribution of singleton loss-of-function variants to the complex genetics of PD and that disease risk prediction models combining singleton and common variants can improve models built solely on common variants. [less ▲]

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See detailRecyclable Architecture: Prefabricated and Recyclable Typologies
Ferreira Silvia, Marielle; Jayasinghe, Laddu Bhagya; Waldmann, Danièle UL et al

in Sustainability (2020)

Buildings are being demolished without taking into the account the waste generated, and the housing shortage problem is getting more critical as cities are growing and the demand for built space and the ... [more ▼]

Buildings are being demolished without taking into the account the waste generated, and the housing shortage problem is getting more critical as cities are growing and the demand for built space and the use of resources are increasing. Architectural projects have been using prefabrication and modular systems to solve these problems. However, there is an absence of structures that can be disassembled and reused when the structure’s life ran its course. This paper presents three building prototypes of new recyclable architectural typologies: (i) a Slab prototype designed as a shelf structure where wooden housing modules can be plugged in and out, (ii) a Tower prototype allowing for an easy change of layout and use of different floors and (iii) a Demountable prototype characterized by the entire demountability of the building. These typologies combine modularity, flexibility, and disassembling to address the increasing demands for multi‐use, re‐usable and resource‐efficient constructions. Design, drawings, plans, and 3D models are developed, tested and analyzed as a part of the research. The results show that the implementation of the recyclable architectural concept at the first design stage is feasible and realistic, and ensures the adaptation through time, increases life span, usability and the material reusability, while avoiding demolition, which in turn reduces the construction waste and, consequently, the CO2 emissions. [less ▲]

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See detailEffective thermodynamics of two interacting underdamped Brownian particles
Herpich, Tim UL; Shayanfard, Kamran; Esposito, Massimiliano UL

in Physical Review. E. (2020), 101

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See detailParents, schools and multilingual children
Aleksic, Gabrijela UL; Bebic, Dzoen Dominique UL

Conference given outside the academic context (2020)

Early literacy skills are critical for children’s later academic achievement. A wealth of research showed that children’s home languages should not be abandoned, as they are crucial for promoting dynamic ... [more ▼]

Early literacy skills are critical for children’s later academic achievement. A wealth of research showed that children’s home languages should not be abandoned, as they are crucial for promoting dynamic multilingualism, assuring cross-linguistic transfer and developing identities. To explore home literacy environment and family language policy of language minority preschool children in Luxembourg, we obtained 600 parent questionnaires, tested 226 children age 4 to 6 in their home languages and Luxembourgish, and interviewed 32 families. The results from the questionnaires showed that the home resources and parent involvement influenced children’s language awareness and their print knowledge irrespective of parent’s education and their wealth. Concerning children’s competences in Luxembourgish, children with positive attitudes towards their school did better than their peers in other schools. In the interviews, parents explained that maintaining home language is important for keeping connections with family, friends and their culture. This is the language parents feel emotionally connected to and the easiest to transmit to their children. Language maintenance is mostly achieved through conversations, movies, games and books in the home languages, children’s attendance of language schools on weekends, celebrations of traditions as well as holidays in the native country of the parents. The home language is, however, not something parents enforce too strictly, as they mostly correct the children’s linguistic mistakes by simple repetition. It is often with great pride that parents report their children having an excellent proficiency in their home language. Finally, through our professional development training in translanguaging we are helping teachers to integrate children’s different home languages and cultures into the classroom and strengthen the home-school collaboration in order to support children’s well-being, learning and identities. [less ▲]

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