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See detailJoint User Grouping and Power Allocation for MISO Systems: Learning to Schedule
Yuan, Yaxiong; Vu, Thang Xuan UL; Lei, Lei UL et al

in IEEE European Signal Processing Conference 2019 (2019, September)

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See detailLoad Coupling and Energy Optimization in Multi-Cell and Multi-Carrier NOMA Networks
Lei, Lei UL; You, Lei; Yang, Yang et al

in IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology (2019)

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See detailParametric strudy on non-ductile demountable shear connectors
Odenbreit, Christoph UL; Kozma, Andras UL

in ce/papers (2019, September), 3(3-4), 283-288

The basic principle of the circular economy is to reduce or totally eliminate waste and carbon dioxide production with the help of a multiple, efficient usage of resources. The application of reusable ... [more ▼]

The basic principle of the circular economy is to reduce or totally eliminate waste and carbon dioxide production with the help of a multiple, efficient usage of resources. The application of reusable structural elements plays an important role and can contribute essentially to a low-carbon future. Within the European research project REDUCE (Grant Agreement number: 710040), composite beams and steel-based flooring systems, which are demountable and reusable, have been developed and investigated. The experimental investigations showed that the structural behaviour of the newly developed shear connectors differs from the behaviour of the traditionally applied welded studs. Some behave in a non-ductile way. In order to assess, how far the regulations of EN1994-1-1 for shear connections can still be applied, parametric studies have been conducted. The respective numerical models were developed with the use of the commercially available finite element software ABAQUS® and were validated against the experimental observations. The effects of the lack of ductility of the shear connectors on the structural behaviour of the entire composite beam was examined with different types of shear connectors, shear connector layouts and material grades. This contribution presents the underlying laboratory tests as well as the results of the supplementing numerical parameter studies. The outcome provides valuable information for future design guidance concerning the use of demountable shear connectors in composite beams. [less ▲]

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See detailCryptocurrencies and Blockchain Technology
Biryukov, Alex UL; García-Alfaro

in Data Privacy Management, Cryptocurrencies and Blockchain Technology - ESORICS 2019 International Workshops (2019, September)

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See detailCalibrated Learning for Online Distributed Power Allocation in Small-Cell Networks
Zhang, Xinruo; Nakhai, Mohammad Reza; Zheng, Gan UL et al

in IEEE Transactions on Communications (2019), 67(11), 8124-8136

This paper introduces a combined calibrated learning and bandit approach to online distributed power control in small cell networks operated under the same frequency bandwidth. Each small base station ... [more ▼]

This paper introduces a combined calibrated learning and bandit approach to online distributed power control in small cell networks operated under the same frequency bandwidth. Each small base station (SBS) is modelled as an intelligent agent who autonomously decides on its instantaneous transmit power level by predicting the transmitting policies of the other SBSs, namely the opponent SBSs, in the network, in real-time. The decision making process is based jointly on the past observations and the calibrated forecasts of the upcoming power allocation decisions of the opponent SBSs who inflict the dominant interferences on the agent. Furthermore, we integrate the proposed calibrated forecast process with a bandit policy to account for the wireless channel conditions unknown a priori , and develop an autonomous power allocation algorithm that is executable at individual SBSs to enhance the accuracy of the autonomous decision making. We evaluate the performance of the proposed algorithm in cases of maximizing the long-term sum-rate, the overall energy efficiency and the average minimum achievable data rate. Numerical simulation results demonstrate that the proposed design outperforms the benchmark scheme with limited amount of information exchange and rapidly approaches towards the optimal centralized solution for all case studies. [less ▲]

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See detailThe impact of energy alignment and interfacial recombination on the internal and external open-circuit voltage of perovskite solar cells†
Stolterfoht, Martin; Caprioglio, Pietro; Wolff, Christian M. et al

in Energy and Environmental Science (2019)

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See detailCharacterisation of demountable shear connector systems in composite beams
Kozma, Andras UL; Odenbreit, Christoph UL; Braun, Matthias Volker UL

Scientific Conference (2019, July 04)

Reusable structures can contribute to a resource-efficient low-carbon future on the basis of the principles of the circular economy. This paper presents a comparison of different demountable shear ... [more ▼]

Reusable structures can contribute to a resource-efficient low-carbon future on the basis of the principles of the circular economy. This paper presents a comparison of different demountable shear connector systems that facilitate recyclability and reusability of steel-concrete composite structures with the performance of traditional ones. In the Laboratory of the ArcelorMittal Chair of Steel and Façade Engineering at the University of Luxembourg 15 push-out tests and 2 full-scale beam tests have been carried out using different bolted shear connection systems suitable for reuse after the end of life of the respective building. The analysed shear connector systems have been evaluated based on their resistance, slip capacity, stiffness, ductility and ease of fabrication, assembly and disassembly. The experimental work was supplemented by numerical simulations performed with the finite element software Abaqus®. The developed numerical models were validated against the experimental observations. The experimental and numerical results provide information for future design guidance concerning the use of demountable shear connectors in composite beams. [less ▲]

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See detailLearning-Based Resource Allocation: Efficient Content Delivery Enabled by Convolutional Neural Network
Lei, Lei UL; Yaxiong, Yuan UL; Vu, Thang Xuan UL et al

in IEEE International Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications (SPAWC) 2019 (2019, July)

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See detailJoint Power Allocation and Distributed Beamforming Design for Multi-Carrier Asynchronous Two-Way Relay Networks
KianiHarchehgani, Sharareh; Shahbazpanahi, Shahram UL; Dong, Min et al

in IEEE International Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications (SPAWC) 2019, Cannes, July 2019 (2019, July)

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See detailA Structured Argumentation Framework for Modeling Debates in the Formal Sciences
Cramer, Marcos; Dauphin, Jérémie UL

in Journal for General Philosophy of Science (2019)

Scientific research in the formal sciences comes in multiple degrees of formality: fully formal work; rigorous proofs that practitioners know to be formalizable in principle; and informal work like rough ... [more ▼]

Scientific research in the formal sciences comes in multiple degrees of formality: fully formal work; rigorous proofs that practitioners know to be formalizable in principle; and informal work like rough proof sketches and considerations about the advantages and disadvantages of various formal systems. This informal work includes informal and semi-formal debates between formal scientists, e.g. about the acceptability of foundational principles and proposed axiomatizations. In this paper, we propose to use the methodology of structured argumentation theory to produce a formal model of such informal and semi-formal debates in the formal sciences. For this purpose, we propose ASPIC-END, an adaptation of the structured argumentation framework ASPIC+ which can incorporate natural deduction style arguments and explanations. We illustrate the applicability of the framework to debates in the formal sciences by presenting a simple model of some arguments about proposed solutions to the Liar paradox, and by discussing a more extensive - but still preliminary - model of parts of the debate that mathematicians had about the Axiom of Choice in the early 20th century. [less ▲]

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See detailPush-out tests on demountable shear connectors of steel concrete composite structures
Kozma, Andras UL; Odenbreit, Christoph UL; Braun, Matthias Volker UL et al

in Structures (2019), 21

Circular Economy refers to a move from linear business models, in which products are manufactured from raw materials, used and then discarded, to circular business models where products or parts are re ... [more ▼]

Circular Economy refers to a move from linear business models, in which products are manufactured from raw materials, used and then discarded, to circular business models where products or parts are re-used, remanufactured or recycled. Structural steel is highly compatible with this concept; however, when steel-concrete composite structures are used, recycling becomes difficult and the potential for reuse is lost. In order to make steel-concrete composite structures reusable, bolted connections should replace the commonly used welded headed studs. Furthermore, the reusable parts should be designed to withstand repeated use. This paper presents a desktop study and the corresponding laboratory experiments on demountable shear connectors that facilitate recyclability and even provide the potential for reusing complete structural elements. In the Laboratory of Steel and Composite Structures of the University of Luxembourg 15 push-out tests have been carried out using different bolted connection systems suitable for multiple use. The shear connectors have been evaluated based on their shear strength, stiffness, slip capacity, ductility and ability of demounting. The investigated systems included pre-stressed and epoxy resin injection bolts, solid slabs and solid slabs in combination with profiled steel sheeting. The results showed that the tested demountable shear connections could provide higher shear resistance than conventional shear connections. The critical failure mode was the shear failure of the bolts, which is a brittle failure. There was no visible damage observed on the connected members. The application of epoxy resin in the hole clearance resulted in lower slip capacity. The outcome provides an important basis for the justification of the forthcoming enhancement and validation of numerical models of the demountable shear connections. The failure behaviour, the observed damages and the resulting ability of the elements for re-use are discussed in detail. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the Successful Delivery Probability of Full-Duplex-Enabled Mobile Edge Caching
Vu, Thang Xuan UL; Lei, Lei UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in IEEE Communications Letters (2019)

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See detailLa Verite Dans La Theorie Des Systemes De Niklas Luhmann
Sosoe, Lukas UL

Speeches/Talks (2019)

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See detailMachine Learning based Antenna Selection and Power Allocation in Multi-user MISO Systems
Vu, Thang Xuan UL; Lei, Lei UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in 2019 IEEE International Symposium on Modeling and Optimization in Mobile, Ad Hoc, and Wireless Networks (WiOpt) (2019, June)

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See detailUltrareliable SWIPT using Unscheduled Short Packet Transmissions
Kisseleff, Steven UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC), B5G-URLLC Workshop, Shanghai, May 2019 (2019, May 20)

Large communication networks, e.g. Internet of Things (IoT), are known to be vulnerable to the co-channel interference from simultaneous transmissions. In the recent time, this problem has been ... [more ▼]

Large communication networks, e.g. Internet of Things (IoT), are known to be vulnerable to the co-channel interference from simultaneous transmissions. In the recent time, this problem has been extensively studied in various contexts. Due to a potentially very long duty cycle, orthogonal multiple access techniques are not well suited for such schemes. Instead, random medium access (RMA) seems promising, since it guarantees a lower bound for the network throughput even in presence of an infinite number of simultaneous transmissions while reducing the average length of the duty cycle. Such an RMA scheme is based on transmission of short data packets with unknown scheduling. Of course, a reliable symbol detection for this type of communication is very challenging not only due to a large amount of interference from the adjacent nodes, but also because of the uncertainty related to the presence or absence of overlapping packets. Interestingly, with increasing number of network nodes also the amount of energy, which can be harvested from the received signal, increases. This is especially beneficial for powering of a relay device, which may utilize the energy for further information processing and retransmission. In this paper, we address the design of a simultaneous information and power transfer scheme based on unscheduled short packet transmissions for ultrareliable communication. [less ▲]

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See detailSymposium: Early detection and prevention of cognitive decline and dementia: Findings from major European collaborative and research initiatives
Leist, Anja UL

Scientific Conference (2019, May)

With still no medical cure for dementia available, major research initiatives have been set up to investigate and target the development of dementia at earlier stages. Several ongoing projects focus on ... [more ▼]

With still no medical cure for dementia available, major research initiatives have been set up to investigate and target the development of dementia at earlier stages. Several ongoing projects focus on early detection of dementia with the hope to be able to administer personalized interventions for individuals at high risk. Ongoing clinical trials test different interventions on their potential to prevent or delay the onset of dementia. Complementing those efforts, large and long-spanning observational studies can be used to detect long-term precursors of cognitive aging. Indeed, there is increasing evidence for a large window of opportunity for intervention of several decades that could be used for preventative efforts in dementia. The symposium will bring together major European collaborative and research initiatives in the field of early detection and prevention of dementia. The first part of the symposium will present findings from clinical trials, the second part new findings coming from a range of observational studies. The first paper will report on the design and study cohorts of the European Prevention of Alzheimer’s Dementia Consortium (EPAD) and the TriBEKa project. The second paper will focus on new multifactorial models to quantify prevention potential based on the FINGER trial. The third paper will report an integrated analysis of four longitudinal studies of ageing (OCT0, H70, LASA, and MAP) to evaluate the role of cognitively stimulating activities in the transitions from cognitively normal to slightly impaired, severely impaired, and death with multi-state models. The fourth paper will present the contribution of environmental factors over the life course, in particular air pollution, on cognitive change in the Lothian Birth Cohort of 1936. The last paper makes use of recent developments in approaching causal inference in observational studies and applies these to predict cognitive aging and dementia with data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe. [less ▲]

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See detailA Calibrated Learning Approach to Distributed Power Allocation in Small Cell Networks
Zhang, Xinruo; Nakhai; Zheng, Gan UL et al

in ICASSP 2019 - 2019 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP) (2019, April 17)

This paper studies the problem of max-min fairness power allocation in distributed small cell networks operated under the same frequency bandwidth. We introduce a calibrated learning enhanced time ... [more ▼]

This paper studies the problem of max-min fairness power allocation in distributed small cell networks operated under the same frequency bandwidth. We introduce a calibrated learning enhanced time division multiple access scheme to optimize the transmit power decisions at the small base stations (SBSs) and achieve max-min user fairness in the long run. Provided that the SBSs are autonomous decision makers, the aim of the proposed algorithm is to allow SBSs to gradually improve their forecast of the possible transmit power levels of the other SBSs and react with the best response based on the predicted results at individual time slots. Simulation results validate that in terms of achieving max-min signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio, the proposed distributed design outperforms two benchmark schemes and achieves a similar performance as compared to the optimal centralized design. [less ▲]

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