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See detailEffects of different needles and substrates on CuInS2 deposited by electrostatic spray deposition
Roncallo, S.; Painter, J. D.; Healy, M. J. F. et al

in Thin Solid Films (2011), 519

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See detailSteel fibres as only reinforcement for flat slab construction
Julien, Michels; Waldmann, Danièle UL; Maas, Stefan et al

in Construction and Building Materials (2011)

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See detailContexts of Aging: Assessing Evaluative Age Stereotypes in Different Life Domains
Kornadt, Anna Elena UL; Rothermund, Klaus

in JOURNALS OF GERONTOLOGY SERIES B-PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES (2011), 66(5), 547-556

Objectives. Research on age stereotypes suggests that views of older persons are complex and multidimensional. We investigated the positivity or negativity of age stereotypes with respect to different ... [more ▼]

Objectives. Research on age stereotypes suggests that views of older persons are complex and multidimensional. We investigated the positivity or negativity of age stereotypes with respect to different life domains. Method. A newly developed questionnaire assessing domain-specific age stereotypes was administered to a large sample of adults covering a wide age range. Results. Our findings confirm the existence of independent domain-specific age stereotypes, providing evidence for a multifaceted and complex view of old age and aging. "Old persons" were evaluated differently in the various life domains, and age thresholds for ascriptions of being old differed between domains. Furthermore, the positivity of domain-specific age stereotypes of a person predicted individual life satisfaction for the respective life domain. The strength of the relationship between age stereotypes and life satisfaction increased with participants' age. Discussion. Our results indicate the existence of domain-specific age stereotypes that become internalized into older persons' self-views. [less ▲]

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See detailDimensionen und Deutungsmuster des Alterns: Vorstellungen vom Altern, Altsein und der Lebensgestaltung im Alter.
Kornadt, Anna Elena UL; Rothermund, Klaus

in ZEITSCHRIFT FUR GERONTOLOGIE UND GERIATRIE (2011), 44(5), 291-296

Attitudes about older people and being old develop in the early and middle phases of life and influence the subsequent aging process. Because aging processes vary across different domains of life and ... [more ▼]

Attitudes about older people and being old develop in the early and middle phases of life and influence the subsequent aging process. Because aging processes vary across different domains of life and functioning, one cannot assume unanimously negative or positive attitudes towards old age and aging. Thus, in the psychological part of the project Zones of Transition ("Zonen des Ubergangs"), age stereotypes and views of the self in old age were assessed in different life domains and for different age groups, and their relation to wellbeing and the self-concept was investigated. The project also focused on the analysis of attitudes towards one's personal way of living in old age. A questionnaire was developed that assesses those attitudes on the basis of the dimensions "active commitment" and "pleasure and leisure". Our results support a multidimensional conception of attitudes towards aging and way of living in old age as well as of their influence on development across the lifespan. [less ▲]

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See detailDie Vielfältigkeit und Relevanz von Altersstereotypen.
Kornadt, Anna Elena UL; Rothermund, Klaus

in In Mind : the Inquisitive Mind, Social Psychology for you (2011)

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See detailAdaptive Ontology-based Web Information Retrieval: The TARGET Framework
Pruski, Cedric; Guelfi, Nicolas UL; Reynaud, Chantal

in International Journal of Web Portals (2011), 3

Finding relevant information on the Web is difficult for most users. Although Web search applications are improving, they must be more 'intelligent' to adapt to the search domains targeted by queries, the ... [more ▼]

Finding relevant information on the Web is difficult for most users. Although Web search applications are improving, they must be more 'intelligent' to adapt to the search domains targeted by queries, the evolution of these domains, and users' characteristics. In this paper, the authors present the TARGET framework for Web Information Retrieval. The proposed approach relies on the use of ontologies of a particular nature, called adaptive ontologies, for representing both the search domain and a user's profile. Unlike existing approaches on ontologies, the authors make adaptive ontologies adapt semi-automatically to the evolution of the modeled domain. The ontologies and their properties are exploited for domain specific Web search purposes. The authors propose graph-based data structures for enriching Web data in semantics, as well as define an automatic query expansion technique to adapt a query to users' real needs. The enriched query is evaluated on the previously defined graph-based data structures representing a set of Web pages returned by a usual search engine in order to extract the most relevant information according to user needs. The overall TARGET framework is formalized using first-order logic and fully tool supported. [less ▲]

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See detailA formal framework for dependability and resilience from a software engineering perspective
Guelfi, Nicolas UL

in Central European Journal of Computer Science (2011), 1

The goal of this article is to provide a rigorous conceptual framework for defining the concepts of dependability and resilience. Since the seventies, the terms dependability and resilience have been used ... [more ▼]

The goal of this article is to provide a rigorous conceptual framework for defining the concepts of dependability and resilience. Since the seventies, the terms dependability and resilience have been used in nearly all the scientific and technological fields related to Information and Communication systems. The introduction and use of these concepts in all these fields makes it difficult to have a common and precise definition. Having such a definition is nevertheless mandatory for the software and systems engineering research community that create development processes, languages and tools to support the engineering of products that would be required to be dependable or resilient. For this, we introduce an abstract and generic terminology defined mathematically to be used when speaking about dependability and resiliency. We also provide some abstract semantic descriptions to these terminological elements. This formal framework is defined from a software engineering perspective, which means that we define its components such that they are useful for the development or improvement of analysis, architectural design, detailed design, implementation, verification and maintenance phases. To this aim, we provide the necessary elements in accordance with a model driven engineering perspective that enable the definition of a new modelling language for dependable and resilient systems. [less ▲]

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See detailThe legal framework of OLAF's investigations. What lessons for the European penal area ?
Covolo, Valentina UL

in New Journal of European Criminal Law (2011), 2

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See detailEt la judiciarisation de l’espace pénal de l’Union fut … Mais où se cache le juge pénal européen ?
Covolo, Valentina UL

in Cahiers de Droit Européen (2011), (1), 103-154

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See detailModern Pentathlon and World War I – When Athletes and Soldiers Meet to Practise Martial Manliness
Heck, Sandra UL

in The International Journal of the History of Sport (2011), 28(3/4), 410428

In the nationalistic atmosphere of the early 20th Century, a nurturing medium for sports practising martial manliness abounded throughout Europe. This framework supported the invention of a new multi ... [more ▼]

In the nationalistic atmosphere of the early 20th Century, a nurturing medium for sports practising martial manliness abounded throughout Europe. This framework supported the invention of a new multi-disciplinary sport, aided by Baron Pierre de Coubertin himself: Modern Pentathlon. Though the idea of a new form of pentathlon was already born in 1894, it took thirty years, until Paris 1924 to establish Modern Pentathlon within the Olympic Games. This study is concerned with the reasons for that delay. It shall be investigated whether the active military preparations around World War I and the contemporary image of masculinity had a decisive influence on the early history of Modern Pentathlon. By including historical documents of the IOC archives in Lausanne/Switzerland, the research office for military history in Potsdam/Germany and the LA84 Foundation in Los Angeles/USA as well as literature on gender, military sport and Olympic history this study offers an entirely new view on the early history of a sport which was born in an atmosphere of glorifying manliness and apparent militarism. The history of Modern Pentathlon thereby provides a particular appropriate area for the analysis of connections between sport, militarism and masculinity. It was not by chance that the implementation of a combined sport, which included besides swimming and running the three cavalry disciplines of shooting, fencing and horse-riding, arose in a pre-war context. Though in 1912 the Great War had not yet begun, the awareness for an upcoming battle was rising and led to a higher attention to Coubertin’s almost forgotten assumption of a new sport. In 1924 the advantages were finally admitted on two sides: the army recruited modern pentathletes as future military officers; the sports community appointed skilled officers as successful competitors. Thus, the lobby for an Olympic recognition of Modern Pentathlon was found. [less ▲]

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See detailStraddling the Iron Curtain? Immigrants, Immigrant Organisations, War Memories
Venken, Machteld UL

Book published by Peter Lang Verlag (2011)

In the aftermath of World War II, two migration streams entered Belgium: former allied soldiers from Poland and former Ostarbeiterinnen from the Soviet Union. This book focused on these people's attempts ... [more ▼]

In the aftermath of World War II, two migration streams entered Belgium: former allied soldiers from Poland and former Ostarbeiterinnen from the Soviet Union. This book focused on these people's attempts to give meaning to their war experiences in post-war life, and delineates the various processes they used to understand and articulate what they have been through. These processes were shaped not only by characteristics of the war experiences themselves, but also by the changing positions which these immigrant men and women held within them, how they gathered in groups in order to remember their war experiences, and how they were integrated into, and/or excluded from, their home and host societies over time. [less ▲]

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See detailLe statut du français sur le marché linguistique du Luxembourg
Fehlen, Fernand UL

in Gilles, Peter; Wagner, Mélanie (Eds.) Linguistische und soziolinguistische Bausteine der Luxemburgistik (2011)

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See detailNCoR1 is a conserved physiological modulator of muscle mass and oxidative function.
Yamamoto, Hiroyasu; Williams, Evan UL; Mouchiroud, Laurent et al

in Cell (2011), 147(4), 827-39

Transcriptional coregulators control the activity of many transcription factors and are thought to have wide-ranging effects on gene expression patterns. We show here that muscle-specific loss of nuclear ... [more ▼]

Transcriptional coregulators control the activity of many transcription factors and are thought to have wide-ranging effects on gene expression patterns. We show here that muscle-specific loss of nuclear receptor corepressor 1 (NCoR1) in mice leads to enhanced exercise endurance due to an increase of both muscle mass and of mitochondrial number and activity. The activation of selected transcription factors that control muscle function, such as MEF2, PPARbeta/delta, and ERRs, underpins these phenotypic alterations. NCoR1 levels are decreased in conditions that require fat oxidation, resetting transcriptional programs to boost oxidative metabolism. Knockdown of gei-8, the sole C. elegans NCoR homolog, also robustly increased muscle mitochondria and respiration, suggesting conservation of NCoR1 function. Collectively, our data suggest that NCoR1 plays an adaptive role in muscle physiology and that interference with NCoR1 action could be used to improve muscle function. [less ▲]

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See detailNectarine promotes longevity in Drosophila melanogaster.
Boyd, Olga UL; Weng, Peter; Sun, Xiaoping et al

in Free radical biology & medicine (2011), 50(11), 1669-78

Fruits containing high antioxidant capacities and other bioactivities are ideal for promoting longevity and health span. However, few fruits are known to improve the survival and health span in animals ... [more ▼]

Fruits containing high antioxidant capacities and other bioactivities are ideal for promoting longevity and health span. However, few fruits are known to improve the survival and health span in animals, let alone the underlying mechanisms. Here we investigate the effects of nectarine, a globally consumed fruit, on life span and health span in Drosophila melanogaster. Wild-type flies were fed standard, dietary restriction (DR), or high-fat diet supplemented with 0-4% nectarine extract. We measured life span, food intake, locomotor activity, fecundity, gene expression changes, and oxidative damage indicated by the level of 4-hydroxynonenal-protein adduct in these flies. We also measured life span, locomotor activity, and oxidative damage in sod1 mutant flies on the standard diet supplemented with 0-4% nectarine. Supplementation with 4% nectarine extended life span, increased fecundity, and decreased expression of some metabolic genes, including a key gluconeogenesis gene, PEPCK, and oxidative stress-response genes, including peroxiredoxins, in female wild-type flies fed the standard, DR, or high-fat diet. Nectarine reduced oxidative damage in wild-type females fed the high-fat diet. Moreover, nectarine improved the survival of and reduced oxidative damage in female sod1 mutant flies. Together, these findings suggest that nectarine promotes longevity and health span partly by modulating glucose metabolism and reducing oxidative damage. [less ▲]

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See detailL'institutionnalisation d'une idée. Le pentathlon moderne du programme olympique à une fédération internationale
Heck, Sandra UL

in Bauer, Thomas; Gomet, Doriane (Eds.) Histoire(s) de la performance du sportif de haut niveau (2011)

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