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See detailSimplified density indexes of walls and tie-columns for confined masonry buildings in seismic zones
Cai, Gaochuang UL; Su, Q.W; Tsavdaridis, K.D. et al

in Journal of Earthquake Engineering (2017)

This paper discusses and quantifies the minimum requirements of walls and tie-columns in confined masonry (CM) buildings located in earthquake-prone regions. A research database including 238 damaged CM ... [more ▼]

This paper discusses and quantifies the minimum requirements of walls and tie-columns in confined masonry (CM) buildings located in earthquake-prone regions. A research database including 238 damaged CM buildings obtained from the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake survey is established and comprehensively examined. The requirements of masonry walls in CM buildings are discussed, and a simplified tie-column density index is proposed for evaluating the potential damage of the structures. Besides, the minimum requirements of reinforced concrete tie-columns and their maximum allowable spacing in CM buildings at different seismic intensity zones are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailVorwort
Bloch, Natalie UL; Heimböckel, Dieter UL; Tropper, Elisabeth UL

in Vorstellung Europa - Performing Europe. Interdisziplinäre Perspektiven auf Europa im Theater der Gegenwart (2017)

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See detailEngineering Solutions for Representative Models of the Gastrointestinal Human-Microbe Interface
Mac Giolla Eain, Marc UL; Baginska, Joanna UL; Greenhalgh, Kacy UL et al

in Engineering (2017)

Host-microbe interactions at the gastrointestinal interface have emerged as a key component in the governance of human health and disease. Advances in micro-physiological systems are providing researchers ... [more ▼]

Host-microbe interactions at the gastrointestinal interface have emerged as a key component in the governance of human health and disease. Advances in micro-physiological systems are providing researchers with unprecedented access and insights into this complex relationship. These systems combine the benefits of microengineering, microfluidics, and cell culture in a bid to recreate the environmental conditions prevalent in the human gut. Here we present the human-microbial cross talk (HuMiX) platform, one such system that leverages this multidisciplinary approach to provide a representative in vitro model of the human gastrointestinal interface. HuMiX presents a novel and robust means to study the molecular interactions at the host-microbe interface. We summarize our proof-of-concept results obtained using the platform and highlight its potential to greatly enhance our understanding of host-microbe interactions with a potential to greatly impact the pharmaceutical, food, nutrition, and healthcare industries in the future. A number of key questions and challenges facing these technologies are also discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailUne autre approche structurale est possible: Sens, expérience, analyse
Tore, Gian Maria UL

in Semiotica (2017), 219

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See detailDeterioration of Basic Properties of the Materials in FRP-Strengthening RC Structures under Ultraviolet Exposure
Zhao, Jun; Cai, Gaochuang UL; Cui, Lu et al

in Polymers (2017)

This paper presents an experimental study of the basic properties of the main materials found in reinforced concrete (RC) structures strengthened by fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) sheets with scope to ... [more ▼]

This paper presents an experimental study of the basic properties of the main materials found in reinforced concrete (RC) structures strengthened by fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) sheets with scope to investigate the effect of ultraviolet (UV) exposure on the degradation of FRP, resin adhesive materials and concrete. The comparison studies focused on the physical change and mechanical properties of FRP sheet, and resin adhesive materials and concrete before and after UV exposure. However, the degradation mechanisms of the materials under UV exposure were not analyzed. The results show that the ultimate tensile strength and modulus of FRP sheets decrease with UV exposure time and the main degradation of FRP-strengthened RC structures is dependent on the degradation of resin adhesive materials. The increase in the number of FRP layers cannot help to reduce the effect of UV exposure on the performance of these materials. However, it was verified that carbon FRP materials have a relatively stable strength and elastic modulus, and the improvement of the compression strength of concrete was also observed after UV exposure. [less ▲]

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See detailAggregate Fluctuations and International Migration
Beine, Michel UL; Bricongne, Jean-Charles; Bourgeon, Pauline

in Scandinavian Journal of Economics (2017)

Traditional theories of integration such as the optimum currency area approach attribute a prominent role to international labour mobility in coping with relative economic fluctuations between countries ... [more ▼]

Traditional theories of integration such as the optimum currency area approach attribute a prominent role to international labour mobility in coping with relative economic fluctuations between countries. However, recent studies on international migration have overlooked the role of short-run factors such as business cycles or changes in employment rates in explaining international migration flows. This paper aims to fill that gap. We first derive a model of optimal migration choice based on an extension of the traditional Random Utility Model. Our model predicts that an improvement in the economic activity in a potential destination country relative to any origin country may trigger some additional migration flows on top of the impact exerted by long-run factors such as the wage differential or the bilateral distance. Compiling a dataset with annual gross migration flows between most developed countries over the 1980-2010 period, we empirically test the magnitude of the effect of these short-run factors on bilateral flows. Our econometric results indicate that aggregate fluctuations and employment rates affect the intensity of bilateral migration flows. We also provide compelling evidence that the Schengen agreement and the introduction of the euro significantly raised the international mobility of workers between the member countries. [less ▲]

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See detailMaking other worlds possible
Schmid, Benedikt UL

in Local Environment (2017), 22(7), 908-910

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See detailAmbivalent visual representations of Robert the Wise in Occitan illustrated texts
Leglu, Catherine UL

in Italian Studies (2017), 72(2), 192--204

This article examines two Occitan-language manuscripts that depict the lineage of King Robert the Wise, king of Naples, Sicily and Jerusalem. Robert was count of Provence and his court was based there in ... [more ▼]

This article examines two Occitan-language manuscripts that depict the lineage of King Robert the Wise, king of Naples, Sicily and Jerusalem. Robert was count of Provence and his court was based there in the early 1320s. Both images are from Provence and they are ambivalent in that they focus on Robert's disputed claim over his own throne and the counter-claim made on behalf of his nephew, Charles Robert (Carobert), king of Hungary. One of the two images, from an illustrated world history, has never been studied before. My article engages with research into the patronage of art and of the Franciscan order that is ascribed to Robert's court. [less ▲]

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See detailGiving voice to Samson and Delilah: troubadour and monastic songs of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries
Leglu, Catherine UL

in Butterfield, Ardis; Hope, Henry; Souleau, Pauline (Eds.) Performing Medieval Text (2017)

This chapter explores recent theories concerning the performance and transmission of medieval song in vernacular troubadour lyric and Latin monastic traditions, engaging with other chapters in the themed ... [more ▼]

This chapter explores recent theories concerning the performance and transmission of medieval song in vernacular troubadour lyric and Latin monastic traditions, engaging with other chapters in the themed volume. It explores in particular the subjective and emotive first-person voice, in terms of the Psalter, arguing for greater attention to be paid to the imbrication of secular and sacred musical practice. The second part of the chapter focuses on the Latin dramatic song 'Samson, dux fortissime', which is preserved in Germany, Sicily and England, including Harley 978 (Reading Abbey), and has an exclusively monastic manuscript tradition. [less ▲]

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See detailNetwork concentration indices for less-than-truckload transportation
Lange, Anne UL; Delfmann, Werner

in TRANSPORTATION (2017), 44(6), 1475-1497

An efficient and service-oriented transportation network is a necessary resource for successful less-than-truckload operations. The design and evaluation of transportation networks are mainly driven by ... [more ▼]

An efficient and service-oriented transportation network is a necessary resource for successful less-than-truckload operations. The design and evaluation of transportation networks are mainly driven by quantitative particularly cost-oriented measures, such as transport and transshipment costs. This type of measurement, however, simply cannot represent the manifold performance of a transportation network. In particular, incorporating network concentration into network design decisions overcomes the shortcomings of purely cost-oriented decisions because spatial network concentration is at the root of many aspects of network performance (e.g., congestion and network vulnerability). This paper suggests modifications to the network concentration index and the hubbing concentration index from the passenger airline context for less-than-truckload road transportation. The modified indices enable information to be conveyed by network concentration into less-than-truckload network design decisions and provide a suitable perspective to include service-oriented aspects into network design. [less ▲]

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See detailRobust Scheduling: An Empirical Study of Its Impact on Air Traffic Delays
Lonzius, Marc Christopher; Lange, Anne UL

in TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH PART E-LOGISTICS AND TRANSPORTATION REVIEW (2017), 100

We develop an econometric model to analyze the real-life impact of two robust scheduling approaches, namely limiting hub connectivity and implementing swap opportunities, based on a broad dataset of the U ... [more ▼]

We develop an econometric model to analyze the real-life impact of two robust scheduling approaches, namely limiting hub connectivity and implementing swap opportunities, based on a broad dataset of the U.S. domestic market. Our analysis is from a novel aircraft routing perspective. We confirm a delay-driving effect of direct hub connectivity and a delay-reducing effect of swap opportunities. Indirect hub connectivity provides airlines with another approach to limit delays. We furthermore contrast that the business model of Southwest Airlines cannot leverage the delay-reducing effects resulting from swap opportunities. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailThe non-linear development of the right hemispheric specialization for human face perception.
Lochy, Aliette UL; de Heering, Adelaide; Rossion, Bruno

in Neuropsychologia (2017)

The developmental origins of human adults' right hemispheric specialization for face perception remain unclear. On the one hand, infant studies have shown a right hemispheric advantage for face perception ... [more ▼]

The developmental origins of human adults' right hemispheric specialization for face perception remain unclear. On the one hand, infant studies have shown a right hemispheric advantage for face perception. On the other hand, it has been proposed that the adult right hemispheric lateralization for face perception slowly emerges during childhood due to reading acquisition, which increases left lateralized posterior responses to competing written material (e.g., visual letters and words). Since methodological approaches used in infant and children typically differ when their face capabilities are explored, resolving this issue has been difficult. Here we tested 5-year-old preschoolers varying in their level of visual letter knowledge with the same fast periodic visual stimulation (FPVS) paradigm leading to strongly right lateralized electrophysiological occipito-temporal face-selective responses in 4- to 6-month-old infants (de Heering and Rossion, 2015). Children's face-selective response was quantitatively larger and differed in scalp topography from infants', but did not differ across hemispheres. There was a small positive correlation between preschoolers' letter knowledge and a non-normalized index of right hemispheric specialization for faces. These observations show that previous discrepant results in the literature reflect a genuine nonlinear development of the neural processes underlying face perception and are not merely due to methodological differences across age groups. We discuss several factors that could contribute to the adult right hemispheric lateralization for faces, such as myelination of the corpus callosum and reading acquisition. Our findings point to the value of FPVS coupled with electroencephalography to assess specialized face perception processes throughout development with the same methodology. [less ▲]

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See detailPour une pragmatique des images – Le ‘sens’ de deux séquences filmiques : figuration et énonciation
Tore, Gian Maria UL

in Beyaert-Geslin, Anne; Dondero, Maria Giulia; Moutat, Audrey (Eds.) Les plis du visuel – Réflexivité et énonciation dans l’image (2017)

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See detailFacing the Greek Junta (1967-1974): The Council of Europe, the European Community, and the Rise of Human Rights Politics
Fernandez Soriano, Victor UL

in European Review of History (2017), 24(3), 358-376

In April 1967, a group of colonels seized power in Greece. Since Greece was a member-state of the Council of Europe and held an association agreement with the European Community, both organizations had to ... [more ▼]

In April 1967, a group of colonels seized power in Greece. Since Greece was a member-state of the Council of Europe and held an association agreement with the European Community, both organizations had to define their positions vis-à-vis the new military regime. Very soon, politicians in the parliamentary assemblies of both organizations started to cooperate with the aim of imposing sanctions on Greece. This article examines the inter-organizational dynamics between the European Community and the Council of Europe on Greece during the colonels’ regime. It argues that the European Community imported concrete policy positions and even normative ideas which had first emerged in the Council of Europe. In so doing, the Community prepared the ground for its future human-rights policies. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Developing Role of the European Ombudsman
Hofmann, Herwig UL

in Hofmann, Herwig; Ziller, Jacques (Eds.) Accountability in the EU - The Role of the European Ombudsman (2017)

This chapter undertakes an assessment of the legal framework governing the mandate and capabilities as well as independence of the European Ombudsman (hereafter, the ‘Ombudsman’). To do so, the chapter ... [more ▼]

This chapter undertakes an assessment of the legal framework governing the mandate and capabilities as well as independence of the European Ombudsman (hereafter, the ‘Ombudsman’). To do so, the chapter takes a detailed look at, inter alia, EU ‘constitutional’ law, the Ombudsman’s existing procedures, the concept of ‘maladministration’ as expressed in the Ombudsman’s mandate, and the consequences of an Ombudsman finding of maladministration. On this basis the chapter discusses future possibilities for developing ombuds review in the European Union (EU) as well as Ombudsman O’Reilly’s stated ambition to increase the visibility of the Ombudsman and the impact of ombuds review in the context of more high-profile, and often ‘political’, investigations. [less ▲]

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See detailGeneral Principles of EU Law and EU Administrative Law
Hofmann, Herwig UL

in Peers, Steve; Barnard, Catherine (Eds.) European Union Law (2017)

Treaty provisions and Union legislation are only part of the story of how law can actually take effect in reality. A quite decisive factor is their implementation through administrative action. The basic ... [more ▼]

Treaty provisions and Union legislation are only part of the story of how law can actually take effect in reality. A quite decisive factor is their implementation through administrative action. The basic themes of this chapter are, first, the steps which take place after legislation has been passed: who does what and by which means to make sure that political decisions made in a legislative act do not only remain ‘law on the books’? The second theme is which rights exist in that context? How can they be protected? In other words, this chapter deals not only with the sub-legislative setting of rules and making of decisions, it also asks which principles and rules exist to ensure the legality and legitimacy of administrative action implementing EU law. [less ▲]

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See detailClimatic factors as Determinants of Migration: Redux
Beine, Michel UL; Parsons, Christopher

in CESifo Economic Studies (2017), 63(4), 385-402

In this paper, we revisit the issue of environmental change as a potential determinant of international migration, thereby providing an extension of our earlier paper. In contrast to Beine and Parsons ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we revisit the issue of environmental change as a potential determinant of international migration, thereby providing an extension of our earlier paper. In contrast to Beine and Parsons (2015) and in light of recent empirical contributions, we adopt an alternative identification strategy in which we only include fixed effects together with our measures of climatic change in order to quantify the net partial effect of climatic change on bilateral migration. Again drawing on panel data from 1960-2000, we further exploit the dyadic dimension of our data to highlight the importance of neighbouring countries and former colonial powers in determining the direction of climate-induced emigration. Our baseline results suggest that climatic shocks affect individuals’ financial constraints more than their desire to move. Our key findings are that natural disasters tend to deter emigration but importantly spur emigration to neighbouring countries. For middle income origins, natural disasters, while deterring migration, foster emigration to former colonial powers. [less ▲]

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See detailLearning to read and hemispheric specialization for faces
Lochy, Aliette UL; Rossion, Bruno

Scientific Conference (2017)

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See detailThe Promotion of Best Practices in European Civil Procedure: Some Introductory Remarks
Cuniberti, Gilles UL

in kramer, xandra (Ed.) From common rules to best practices in European Civil Procedure (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (0 UL)
See detailPCD 2.0? Normative Policy Coherence for Development across Generations
Häbel, Sandra UL

Scientific Conference (2017)

Policy coherence for development (PCD) has developed into an important approach towards development in the international arena. The recent commitment to the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SGDs) have ... [more ▼]

Policy coherence for development (PCD) has developed into an important approach towards development in the international arena. The recent commitment to the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SGDs) have simultaneously added a normative dimension to the global development debate. This paper assesses the EU’s commitment to norms by applying normative policy coherence for development (NPCD) to the EU’s policies towards Vietnam. The question of normative commitment across a post-Maastricht and a post-Lisbon time frame is assessed using content analysis of policy documents. The results indicate that the commitment to norms is varied. While the commitment to human rights, sustainable development and gender equality is quite evident, do the norms solidarity, liberty and peace receive show less prominence. Overall, the commitment seems to remain at the policy formulation level but is not represented in short-term implementing programs. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (1 UL)