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See detail"MS-Ready" structures for non-targeted high-resolution mass spectrometry screening studies.
McEachran, Andrew D.; Mansouri, Kamel; Grulke, Chris et al

in Journal of cheminformatics (2018), 10(1), 45

Chemical database searching has become a fixture in many non-targeted identification workflows based on high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS). However, the form of a chemical structure observed in HRMS ... [more ▼]

Chemical database searching has become a fixture in many non-targeted identification workflows based on high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS). However, the form of a chemical structure observed in HRMS does not always match the form stored in a database (e.g., the neutral form versus a salt; one component of a mixture rather than the mixture form used in a consumer product). Linking the form of a structure observed via HRMS to its related form(s) within a database will enable the return of all relevant variants of a structure, as well as the related metadata, in a single query. A Konstanz Information Miner (KNIME) workflow has been developed to produce structural representations observed using HRMS ("MS-Ready structures") and links them to those stored in a database. These MS-Ready structures, and associated mappings to the full chemical representations, are surfaced via the US EPA's Chemistry Dashboard ( https://comptox.epa.gov/dashboard/ ). This article describes the workflow for the generation and linking of ~ 700,000 MS-Ready structures (derived from ~ 760,000 original structures) as well as download, search and export capabilities to serve structure identification using HRMS. The importance of this form of structural representation for HRMS is demonstrated with several examples, including integration with the in silico fragmentation software application MetFrag. The structures, search, download and export functionality are all available through the CompTox Chemistry Dashboard, while the MetFrag implementation can be viewed at https://msbi.ipb-halle.de/MetFragBeta/ . [less ▲]

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See detailReconstructing the Historic Landscape of Larochette, Luxembourg
de Kramer, Marleen UL; Mersch, Sam UL; Morse, Christopher UL

in Digital Heritage. Progress in Cultural Heritage: Documentation, Preservation, and Protection (2018)

Cultural Heritage education relies on a solid foundation of scientifically validated knowledge. This case study shows how different disciplines come together to source, combine, and interpret data for a ... [more ▼]

Cultural Heritage education relies on a solid foundation of scientifically validated knowledge. This case study shows how different disciplines come together to source, combine, and interpret data for a landscape reconstruction of Larochette, Luxembourg. It is the initial stage of a larger interdisciplinary project to create an educational game that highlights the tangible and intangible heritage that can be traced in the town's structures even today. [less ▲]

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See detailError detection and management in CAN XR
Cena, Gianluca; Cibrario Bertolotti, Ivan; Hu, Tingting UL et al

in 2018 14th IEEE International Workshop on Factory Communication Systems (WFCS) (2018)

Nowadays, Controller Area Network is still the most popular solution for in-vehicle communications in automotive scenarios. Recently, the CAN with eXtensible in-frame Replyproposal has been introduced ... [more ▼]

Nowadays, Controller Area Network is still the most popular solution for in-vehicle communications in automotive scenarios. Recently, the CAN with eXtensible in-frame Replyproposal has been introduced, which permits several nodes to write at the same time on the bus in the data field of legacy CAN frames. This enables several new interesting communication services, including distributed key generation and highly-efficient data exchanges according to the combined message approach. Unfortunately, having several concurrent devices acting as transmitters for the same message impairs the ability of the protocol to detect global errors, hence worsening its robustness against electromagnetic disturbance. In this paper, this problem is analyzed in detail and some solutions are proposed, which make CAN XR as robust as the standard CAN protocol. [less ▲]

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See detailTransitions Through The Labor Market: Work, Occupation, Earnings and Retirement
Polachek, Solomon; Tatsiramos, Konstantinos UL

Book published by Emerald (2018)

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See detailOn Rational Entailment for Propositional Typicality Logic
Casini, Giovanni UL; Meyer, Thomas; Varzinczak, Ivan et al

Report (2018)

Propositional Typicality Logic (PTL) is a recently proposed logic, obtained by enriching classical propositional logic with a typicality operator capturing the most typical (alias normal or conventional ... [more ▼]

Propositional Typicality Logic (PTL) is a recently proposed logic, obtained by enriching classical propositional logic with a typicality operator capturing the most typical (alias normal or conventional) situations in which a given sentence holds. The semantics of PTL is in terms of ranked models as studied in the well-known KLM approach to preferential reasoning and therefore KLM-style rational consequence relations can be embedded in PTL. In spite of the non-monotonic features introduced by the semantics adopted for the typicality operator, the obvious Tarskian definition of entailment for PTL remains monotonic and is therefore not appropriate in many contexts. Our first important result is an impossibility theorem showing that a set of proposed postulates that at first all seem appropriate for a notion of entailment with regard to typicality cannot be satisfied simultaneously. Closer inspection reveals that this result is best interpreted as an argument for advocating the development of more than one type of PTL entailment. In the spirit of this interpretation, we investigate three different (semantic) versions of entailment for PTL, each one based on the definition of rational closure as introduced by Lehmann and Magidor for KLM-style conditionals, and constructed using different notions of minimality. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of spectrin network elasticity on the shapes of erythrocyte doublets
Hoore, M.; Yaya, F.; Podgorski, T. et al

in European Physical Journal E. Soft Matter (2018)

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See detailSprachlernbiographien und professionelles Handeln: Language Awareness bei Lehrkräften in Luxemburg.
Hu, Adelheid UL; Schank, Flore; Wagner, Jean-Marc UL

in Atlas der Mehrsprachigkeit (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 52 (2 UL)
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See detailFundamental rights protection between Strasbourg and Luxembourg: Extending Transnational ne bis in idem Across Administrative and Criminal Procedures
Ligeti, Katalin UL

in Ligeti, Katalin; Robinson, Gavin; ELI (European Law Institute) (Eds.) Preventing and Resolving Conflicts of Jurisdiction in EU Criminal Law (2018)

This chapter analyses the conceptual roots of extended ne bis in idem protection and, in particular, how the concept of ‘criminal charge’ developed by the ECtHR impacts the interpretative outcomes of the ... [more ▼]

This chapter analyses the conceptual roots of extended ne bis in idem protection and, in particular, how the concept of ‘criminal charge’ developed by the ECtHR impacts the interpretative outcomes of the CJEU and the ECtHR respectively. The chapter will then present the specific case law of the two Courts on extended ne bis in idem, including the latest developments, and will offer an assessment of the consequences of this jurisprudence for transnational cases in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice (AFSJ). In particular, the transnational application of extended ne bis in idem requires a reconceptualisation and rethinking of the legal framework for preventing and resolving conflicts of criminal jurisdiction in the AFSJ. [less ▲]

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See detailThe low-dimensional algebraic cohomology of the Witt and the Virasoro algebra
Ecker, Jill Marie-Anne UL; Schlichenmaier, Martin UL

in Journal of Physics. Conference Series (2018)

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See detailUn novembre rouge à Bruxelles?
Majerus, Benoît UL

Article for general public (2018)

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See detailDefeasible Entailment: from Rational Closure to Lexicographic Closure and Beyond
Casini, Giovanni UL; Meyer, Thomas; Varzinczak, Ivan

in Proceeding of the 17th International Workshop on Non-Monotonic Reasoning (NMR 2018) (2018)

In this paper we present what we believe to be the first systematic approach for extending the framework for de- feasible entailment first presented by Kraus, Lehmann, and Magidor—the so-called KLM ... [more ▼]

In this paper we present what we believe to be the first systematic approach for extending the framework for de- feasible entailment first presented by Kraus, Lehmann, and Magidor—the so-called KLM approach. Drawing on the properties for KLM, we first propose a class of basic defea- sible entailment relations. We characterise this basic frame- work in three ways: (i) semantically, (ii) in terms of a class of properties, and (iii) in terms of ranks on statements in a knowlege base. We also provide an algorithm for computing the basic framework. These results are proved through vari- ous representation results. We then refine this framework by defining the class of rational defeasible entailment relations. This refined framework is also characterised in thee ways: se- mantically, in terms of a class of properties, and in terms of ranks on statements. We also provide an algorithm for com- puting the refined framework. Again, these results are proved through various representation results. We argue that the class of rational defeasible entail- ment relations—a strengthening of basic defeasible entail- ment which is itself a strengthening of the original KLM proposal—is worthy of the term rational in the sense that all of them can be viewed as appropriate forms of defeasi- ble entailment. We show that the two well-known forms of defeasible entailment, rational closure and lexicographic clo- sure, fall within our rational defeasible framework. We show that rational closure is the most conservative of the defeasi- ble entailment relations within the framework (with respect to subset inclusion), but that there are forms of defeasible en- tailment within our framework that are more “adventurous” than lexicographic closure. [less ▲]

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See detailDu moyen âge à nos jours, expériences et représentations de la folie à Paris
Majerus, Benoît UL

Book published by Parigramme (2018)

Que faire des fous ? Les enfermer, les éloigner, les soigner ? Sur les bords de Seine comme ailleurs, les réponses ont varié dans l’histoire suivant la compréhension des pathologies mentales et la ... [more ▼]

Que faire des fous ? Les enfermer, les éloigner, les soigner ? Sur les bords de Seine comme ailleurs, les réponses ont varié dans l’histoire suivant la compréhension des pathologies mentales et la capacité d’y apporter des soins. Mais Paris s’est illustré singulièrement en trois circonstances. En 1795, tout d’abord, quand l’utopie de la libération des aliénés a offert un écho aux idéaux révolutionnaires. À la fin du XIXe siècle, ensuite, alors que la psychiatrie française attirait tous les regards… y compris celui du jeune Sigmund Freud qui vint suivre les enseignements du professeur Charcot à la Salpêtrière. Et c’est dans les années 1950 que furent découverts à l’hôpital Sainte-Anne les neuroleptiques, inaugurant une « révolution chimique » appelée à bouleverser durablement les approches thérapeutiques. [less ▲]

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See detailKinematic Spline Curves: A temporal invariant descriptor for fast action recognition
Ghorbel, Enjie UL; Boutteau, Rémi; Boonaert, Jacques et al

in Image and Vision Computing (2018), 77

Detailed reference viewed: 74 (5 UL)
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See detailA Hybrid Algorithm for Multi-objective Test Case Selection in Regression Testing
Delavernhe, Florian; Saber, Takfarinas; Papadakis, Mike UL et al

in IEEE CONGRESS ON EVOLUTIONARY COMPUTATION (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (0 UL)
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See detailAn extension of kernel learning methods using a modified Log-Euclidean distance for fast and accurate skeleton-based Human Action Recognition
Ghorbel, Enjie UL; Boonaert, Jacques; Boutteau, Rémi et al

in Computer Vision and Image Understanding (2018), 175

Detailed reference viewed: 67 (4 UL)